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Wwrr-rs:^ 




TiHE HMML CHIl'Om^GILE. 



FROM .JAJiUARV TO Jl'LY. 
M D C C C . 



Cpfffrtntqiir /i'fffrl iiubn, notfnii/iif t-retiiri/ '^ 



KF411" 



HAfrVARO COUIK U88AIY 



^4 /'^^o^^. 



TO 
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE 

GHEORGE JOHN EARL SPENCER, LL.D. 

PRIVY COUNSELLOR 

KNIOHT OF THE MOST NOBLE ORDER OF THE GARTER 

AN ELDER BROTHER OF THE TRINITY HOUSE 

AND FIRST LORD COMMISSIONER OF THE ADMIRALTY 

OF GREAT BRITAIN, 

jec. &C. &C. 



HW iQaoc&» 



COMMENCED UNDER HIS AUSPICES, 

CONTINUES, BY HIS PERMISSION, 

TO BE INSCRIBED, 

WITH GRATEFUL RESPECT- 



4 



PREFACE. 

TO THI THIRD VOLUME. 

.^LL'S WELL ! exclaims the midnight sen- 
tinel who marks each succeeding Ship-Bell t)f the 
vatch ; and the sound, repeated at intervals, pro- 
cl^ms the vigilance and precaution that is conti- 
nued. Thus, in like manner, it again behoves us to 
declare that we have not slumbered at our post ; but 
continue to hail those who have hitherto embarked 
with us, and taken a part in the anxious fatigue of our 
labours. 

To conduct a periodical work in such a manner as 
shall offend no one, and to scrutinize its multifarious 
contents with that attentive delicacy, that may pre- 
vent their injuring the professional reputation of any 
individual ; has often reminded us of the admirable 
fable of ^sop, in which the good-natured old man is 
at length obliged to destroy the object that caused 
•uch a complication of anxiety. Old C[h>1us, also, 
4 



Vi PKEFACE. 

Walpole of having made the Biographia Britannica 
an apology for every one ; the former replied, that 
the life of Sir Robert Walpole should prove it was 
not *. As the inimitable Sterne observed, * * when a 
sacrifice is resolved on, it is easy to gather sticks from 
any thicket to make the fire. " Neither the object, 
nor principle of the Naval Chronicle ever pro- 
fessed such a design. 

The preface of a work, whether periodical or not, 
though placed at the beginning of the volume, is 
g^erally the last that is written : we wish, therefore, 
that the concluding sentence of the third volume 
of the Naval Chronicle, written in Portsmouth 
Harbour, with The Spencer lying at her moorings 
in all her beauty before us, may express an earnest 
wish, THAT A Ship thus named, and thus com- 

handed t> M4Y PROVE INVINCIBLE : 

N3 despcniDdum, Teucro duce et auspice Teucro* 

On hard H. M* S. B&aakhbl, 
Portsmovtb Harbour ^ June 23, 1 8oo« 

* Walpoliana, voL i. page 73. f Captain Darby* 



ADDENDA. 

The ABSTHutA» Si&AFia> and Tausty^ were built at Briatolp 
■ot Li?erpooL 

We mre Bony tliat our Comisi Corresfoadenty m tie Sons Parol, 
should be (Espleased with our conclusion of the Biographical Memoir 
of the Right Hon* Xord Hugh Seymour ; but trust, if he agaia 
peruaes the passage with attention, he will find no cause for censure* 
The lines objeded to were addressed by an old Courtier to hit intimate 
fiiend— one whom he highly rcspe&ed* 



Communioations for thia Wark, with any corit&ions or additions 
to articks already published, are desired to be sent, post paidj direded 
to Messrs. Bum vby and Golu, Sioe L4uut London* 



PLATES IN THW VOLUME. 

TtLOm OaiGINAL DKlGNt BY M». fOCOCK. 



A ViCKETTE TiTLE» from a Design by Mr. Wcstall, repre- 
senting Britannia, supported by the Trident, standing firm 
amid surrounding Storms, engraved by Heath. 
A Vignette Head Piece, by Nesbit, representing a First Rate 

alongside the Sheer Hulk, receiving her low^r Masts. i 

Plate XXV. Gallant Action between the Leander, of 50 

Guns, Captain J. W. Payne, and the Pluto 

French Ship of 84 Guns '.. 41 

XXVI. Means proposed to save the Lives of Mariners 

when wrecked on uninhabited Coasts ... 64 
XXVIJ. View on the River Thames, with Green- 
wicH HosfiTAL in distance, and the Augusta 
Yacht, on the 5th of AprU 1795 • - • • • si| 
XXVIIL The Hoche, under Jury Masts, towe4 by the 
PoRts, 36 Guns, Captain Lmlb RANELACli,intD 
Lough Swilly ............ ♦uj 

XXIX» A Portrait of the Right Honourable LoRp 
Nelson^ Rear-Admiral of the fxd^ from an 
original Painting, by Abbot, in the Possession 
of John M' Arthur, Esq. ....... 167 

XXX. AGrand Emblematical Design relating to the 

Battle of the Nile, by a Foreigner of Rank . 189 

XXXI. Captain John Harvey's A6Vion in the Bruns- 

wick* on the ist of June 1794 ..... s8s 

XXXII. A Shipwreck at the Cape of Good Hope • 291 
XXXIU. Sir John Borlase Warren's $<^adron en- 
gaging live French Frigates off the Coast of 
France, which, by mistake, is printed Ireland 

at the bottom of the Engraving . . • . • 31^ 
XXXIV. Portrait of Sir John Borlasb Warren, 
Bart. K. B. engraved by Ridley, from an ori. 
ginal Painting by Opie, R. A. in the Possession 
ofSir George Warren, Bart. , . . • . ^33 

XXXIV. View of Falmouth, taken from the Hill near 
Flushing ............ 459 

XXXV. View of English Harbour, Antigua, taken 
by Mr. Pocock, from a Drawing made on the 
Spot by Captain Treme nheere, of the Marines 469 

Me ANs of forming a Communication with the Shore in 

Case of Shipwreck .......... 131^ 

Fac Similes of Lord Nelson's Hand-Writinc, both 
before and after the Loss of his Right Arm - • - 304 

SSSSSSS^BSmamBBm 



BrOGSAPBICAL MEMOIR OF 

REAR-ADMIRAL JOHN WILLETT PAYNE *. 



HoKATio ! t^ art e'en ai jnit a Mm, 

At e'er nijr tonveriatlon cop'd withal — 

WhoK blooJ, anil judt^iueat are >a well commingled, 

ThM they are Dot a pipe tor Fc>r[Uoe't finger 

1 o loinid what iiCup ihe pleue. '— ' 

Ha^ola, Prhu, •,/ Btmiiri. 

'X'HEtask of the Biographer becomes partituUrly difficult, 
when lie attempts todclincaie tlie actions, aii<l tt>e mind, 
of unassuming merit } whca he is occypied in rendering 
more public the exifience of virtues, whose delicacy almost 
eludes his grasp ; when Ueuevolencc, that " seeketli not 
her own," eagerly conceals the . source wbcnce unexpeflcl 
blessings arise ; when a wish to do good, overcomes tbc 
vanity that Stcks for human praise ; when, in a word, every 
Thing that is great and noble, forms a ctiurafter tor men to 
emulate, and to revere : — wc must however attempt the 

• Rear-Admiral ot the Blue ; Auditor of the Dutch/ of Cornwall ; Vice- 
Adttiiial of [he Coasti, of Devonshire, and Cornwall ; 1 reaiurer of Greenwich 
'Hospital, aiidoneof theTwciiiy-FouiDireiilurs; Comptroller General <(f lbs 
Houiehotd of HU Rojral Hi^hueti the Priocc of Wain. 
fiiol. III. * S 



2 BXOCKAPHICAL MEMOIR 

outline, and leave it to some future writer to give that 
distina colouring to the portrait, v^hich may tlien be added. 
Mr. John Willctt Payne, the youngest son of the 
Honourable Mr. Payne • Lieutenant-Governor of the 
Island of St. Christopher's, was born in that island ; and 
received the early part of his education, as already mentioned 
in our Memoir f of the Right Honourable Lord Hugh 
Seymour, at Dr. Brackyn's academy at Greenwich. He 
continued a short time under the tuition of this gentleman ; 
and having made a greater progress than was expeAed for a 
genius so rapid, and volatile, was removed to the Royal 
Academy at Portsmouth ; and there applied with unremitting 
assiduity to acquire a thorough knowledge of the first elements 
of science, conneded with the profession he had embraced. 
There was at this time a peculiar archness of charafter in the 
young seaman, that gave an original cast to every a£tion ; 
but it proceeded from the opening emanations of a youthfuh 
mind ; or, as Gray terms it, 

*• Wild wit, invention ever new,** 

Though he eagerly entered on sufh enterprises as the 
daring spirit of his marine compeers projeAed, when 

— << bold adventurers disdain 
The limits of their little reign, 
And unknown regions dare descry"— 

he was generally the one to suffer, as an abhorrence of 
falsehood made him readily confess his own intentions, 
though no punishment could induce him to criminate his 
associates : yet even at this giddy season of life, whenever he 
could secure some moments to himself, the pages of Shake* 

* Governor Payne, who wa« & great faTourite of the late Lord Rodnef, 
first married fAw Carlisle, an heiress , whence the valuable estate called 
CartiiUty in the island of Antigua, came to the family. Ihis estate never 
trades in slaves, but invariably has brought up a sufficient number of blacks, 
who, being bom and bred on the estate, con&ider it asth^ir country. Govemot 
Payne married A second wife, Miss Galloway, of a very old and respedable 
Irish family, by whom he had J. W. Payne, Esq. ; and we believe two other sons. 
Sir Ralph Payne, K. B. who in 1 795 was created an Irish peer (Lord Lavington^^ 
is the eldest son, by the former marri«ige. 

t VoL U. pgc 359. 



«>'• 



OF REAR-ADMIRAL JOHK WILLBTT PATNI. j 

speare wtfe perused with the discernment of a mature taste* 
Such was ourjoung Midshipman, when, about the close of 
the year 1769> having remained three years at the academy, 
he received an Admiralty discharge for the Quebec, 32 guns, 
Lord Ducie *, to which Ship his Lordship had been appointed 
on quitting the Peversham of 44 guns. Mn Payne sailed in 
the Quebec to the Leeward Islands ; and having experiencej 
in this Ship the first toils, and pleasures of a naval life, to 
which he daily grew more and more attached, he was received 
on board the Montague, Rear-Admiral Robert Mann f, who 
had hoisted the red ensign, as Commander in Chief, on 
that station. — During the dreadful fire that broke out in 
the town of St. George, Antigua, on the night of the 27th of 
December, 1771, and before day light nearly reduced the 
whole to ashes, the officers and men from the Montague ren- 
dered the most essential service : by their exertions, a few 
buildings in the careenage, near the court and custom-house, 
were preserved. 

Mr. Payne left the Admiral's Ship, on being appointed 
ading Lieutenant in^ the Falcon sloop, 18 guns. Captain 
Cuthbert Bayne ; and sailed in her on the Carib expedition 
to the island of St. Vincent's, in 1772* The windward side 
of the Island is not inhabited by the original settlers, who 
were yellow, but by the descendants of a cargo df African 
slaves, belonging to an English vessel, wrecked on the coast : 
being hospitably received by the yellow Caribs, they over- 
powered them, and became their sovereigrrs^ France endea* 
voured, but in vain, to reduce them to a state of subjec- 
tion. St; Vincent's was long a neutral island ; at the peace of 

* FrancU Reynolds Morton, Lord Ducie, Mras bom on the 28th of March* 
1739 9 ^^ adYanced Commander on the list of November 1760. On the nth 
of April, 176a, vfM advanced to Post rank, and appointed to the Garland. 
1'he Ducies were descended from a f4mil7 in Normandy: His Lordship in 1 7S5, 
on succeeding to the title, resigned his rank in 1 he ^ervice. 

f Admiral R. Mann, had afterwards the command on the Mediterranean 
suiion, with his flag in the Mcdway,6o guns. In April, 1779, he was made 
one of the Lords of the Admiralty ; but (Quitted the Board in September, 1780 i 
he died in ^783. 



4^ BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR 

1763,1116 French agreed, that the right to it should be vested 
in the English : but, when a proclamation was issued, com- 
manding all the inhabitants to come and swear allegiance to 
his Britannic Majesty, few obeyed; and even those few 
retraced, being influenced by the threats of the rest. 

In consequence of the repeated memorials, petitions, and 
remonstrances of the planters to Governmeot, who repre- 
sented these inhabitants as faithless, cruel, and insolent, the 
above expedition was undertaken ; and Colonel Dalrymple, 
with the pay and rank of a Major-General, was made Com- 
mander in Chief of the Forces. After the loss • of aconsider* 
able number of men, the Caribs were reduced to obedi- 
ence ; on the 17th of January 17731 a treaty of peace, and 
friendship, was concluded, by which his Majesty was 
acknowledged the rightful Sovereign of the island, and domain 
of St. Vincent's f- 

Early in the year (1773) Mr. Payne, having completed his 
time, returned to Europe in the Sea-Horse, Sir T. Paisley, 
and soon afterwards went as ading Lieutenant on board tlie 
Rainbow, 44 guns, Commodore T. Collingwood, then under 
sailing orders for the Coast of Guinea : the usual circuit of 
the Coast being made, and the various settlements visited, 
Mr. Payne next sailed in the Rainbow for Jamaica ; and 
touching at Antigua, the seat of government, went into 
English Harbour. Mr. Payne*s elder brother J, Sir Ralph 
Payne, K. B. was at this time Governor of the Leeward 
Islands ; a station to which he has lately been again ap- 
pointed. About the commencement of the American 

• On Wednesday the tenth of May, 1773, the order of the day was read for 
taking into further consideration the Expedition to St. Vincent's : it was again 
re&umcd on the 12th, and 15th ; when sharp altercations took place between the 
Minister, and the promoters of the enquiry. Captain Ross, Colonel Bairc, and 
Mr T. Town&hcnd, were among the principal speakers. 

-^ St. Vincent's, in 1779, was taken by the French ; but restored to Great 
Britain by the peace of 1783. 

\ In 1771, the King was pleased to appoint Sir Ralph Payne, K. B. his 
Majesty's Captain General, and Governor in Chief, over all the Leeward 
Caribbee Islands in i^merica— Chancellor, Vice- Admiral, and Ordinary of the 
Mune. 



OT ftBAlt*ADMlRAL JOHM WXLL^TT PAYKE. g 

war, in 17749 Mr. Payne returned in the Rainbow to 
England. 

Commodore Sir Peter Parker *, being appointed to a com« 
mand on the American station, hoisted his broad pendant 
on board the Bristol, 50 guns, then newly launched, towards 
the close of the year (1775). In this Ship Mr. Payne sailed 
from Portsmouth, as afting Lieutenant, on the 26tli of 
December. On the 12th of February (1776) Sir Peter 
left Cork with several transports under convoy, containing 
six regiments, and seven companies of the forty-sixth, under 
the command of Lord Cornwallis ; to co*operate with the 
Loyalists in North Carolina. After a long voyage of near 
three months, occasioned by the lateness of their departure 
from Great Britain, all the Fleet, except some few Ships, 
arrived off Cape Fear fi on the third of May. 

The whole Squadron having joined by the ist, or 2d 
of June, proceeded to Charlestown, and arrived there on the 
4di I General Clinton immediately took possession of Long 
Island, and encamped the troops upon it. Half a mile from 
Charlestown Harbour the Americans had constructed a strong 
fortification on Sullivan's Island ; which, commanding the 
harbour, General Clinton resolved to attempt the redudion 
of it. At half past ten o'clock in the morning, of the 28th 
of June, Sir Peter Parker, in the Bristol, made the signal for 
adion to the Experiment, 50 guns ; the Adive, Solebay, 
Afiason, and Syren frigates ; the Sphynx sloop ; the Thunder 

• Son of Rear-Admiral Christopher Parker,' was made LieutCDant of the 
Russell, by Admiral Matthews, in 1743, then Commander in Chief in the 
Mediterranean. Was advanced to post rank in X747, and in May appointed to 
tlie command of the Margate ; and at the beginning of 1749 ^^ ^^ Lancaster, 
a third rate. He received the honour of knighthood, in 1774 ; and afterwards, 
^ in 1782, was created a Baronet. On the 28th of April, 1777, he was advanced 
Rear- Admiral of the Blue. This worthy officer is at present Admiral %f the 
Fleet, to which he succeeded, on the dififerent promotions which took place at 
the death of Earl Howe. 

+ An headland in North Carolina, which gives name to a considerable river 
(Cafe FearXiver) extending into two branches. Off the Cape there runs out a 
Spit of sand into the sea, for seven leagues due S. and at the end of it, aftrr 
narrowing to a very email- thread, it ends in a large circle of sand a full Icagas 
JD diameter* 



6 BfOGRAPHICAL IIIKOUt 

birnib, and the Friendship armed Shipof 24 guns : ata qnartor 
past eleven all the Ships, having got springs on their cables, 
began a most tremendous fire on the Fort* Three of the 
Ships, the A£taeon, Syren, and Sphynx, got aground ; the 
two last however hove ofF» but the first ^tuck fast, and was set 
on fire the succeeding morning, to prevent her falling into 
the hands of the enemy : the batteries on Loi^ Island now 
opened, and the Ships continued an unremitting fire ; be* 
tween two and three o'clock, that of the enemy slackened 
for a short time. A fresh supply of ammunition being pro^ 
cured, their fire was renewed, and did not cease until between 
nine and ten o'clock. In this aftion the Bristol, and Expe- 
riment suffered most ; the fire of the enemy being principally 
dxre£ted against them, they were left almost wrecks on the 
water. Mr. Payne during the whole displayed that cool 
intrepidity for which he is so much noted ; and considerably 
fccommended himself to, the Commodore amid scenes, that 
would have proved the resolution of even an older seaman. 
A friendship thus commenced between these two officers, 
which has since experienced no abatement. 

Though the larger Ships had lightened, and those of less 
draught had advanced as near the Fort as they were able, the 
landing of the troops was found impradicable. Sir Peter^ 
therefore, after displaying marks of great professional ability, 
about nine o'clock withdrew the Ships to their former 
moorings to refit. The army under convoy of the Solebay 
frigate sailed for New York ; and was followed, as soon as 
possible, by the other Ships. 

On the 15th of May 1776, it had been resolved* ** to 
Tccommend to the various assemblies, and conventions, in the 
United States of America, wi^re no form of government 
adequate to the exigences of affairs had yet been adopted, to 
establish such a Constitution as should be most conducive 
to the public welfare, and security."— And, on tlie fourth of 

* HJ-itory of tlie Origin, Progress, and Termination of the American War, 
by C Sudman, ^ho served under Sir W. Howe, Sir H. Clinton, and the 

MAi(]ui5 Cornwallis. Ti^o volumes, 410. 1794. 



or RBA&-ADMi&AL JOBN VXLLBTT PATKE. J 

July foUowings America was for ever severed from Great 
Britain^ by a resolution that declared *' the Inhabitants of the 
United Colonies were discharged, and absolved, frpm all alle- 
giance and obedience, to the King of Great Britain.*''— Such 
was the state of affairs in America when the much lamented 
Admiral Lord Howe arrived from England, as Com- 
mander in Chief of the Fleet employed on that stationt 
with bis' Flag on board the Eagle *, 64 guns ; a Ship that 
was purposely equipped for him. His Lordship arrived at 
Sandy-Hook on the first of July, and thence proceeded tm 
Staten Island. Lord Howe had been appointed to the com- 
mand of the Fleet f, destined to co-operate with his brother 
General Howe. Mr. Payne was now removed from the 
Bristol, and received into the E^le, as Aide*de-Camp to th& 
Admiral. 

Lord Howe being convinced that all pacific measures were 
of no avail, resolved to give a new charader to the war. The 
Provincial forces, after' the battle of Long Island, had 
retreated, and taken shelter in New York : here they em- 
ployed themselves in ereding batteries to annoy the British 
shipping. Both armies were divided by the East River (the 
sound or channel between Long Island, and New York 
Island) ; the breadth of which at this part was about 1300 
yards. After a long and severe cannonade, it was resolved t» 
make a descent on the island, where New York is situated : 
accordingly five Ships of war moved higher up the river, 
while, on the 15th of September, several flat-bottomed boats, 
were employed in landing the troops. Though the enemy 

* The present Bishop of Meath, Dr. Thomas Lewis G^Beiroe, was at this 
time chapUin of the Eagle. Dr. O'Beirnc was promoted to the See of MeatK 
in 1795* His Lordship Would render a most acceptable service to the Navy, bf 
publiflhiflg a complete life'bf his worthy patron. 

f The Supplies for the Navt granted this year (1776^ amounced to three 
niUions, two hundred and five thousand, five hundred and £ve pounds ; 
iocbdiog the ordinary, at four hundred thousand pounds ; and the expences of 
building and repairing Ships, at four hundred and sixty two thousand, five 
hundred pounds. In this account, however, neither the sum voted to Greenwich 
Hospiul, nor the million granted at the close of the session for the discharge of 
the Navy Debt, were included. 



o BfOG^APHICAL Mf MOfK 

were in possession of very powerful intrenchments, they were 
driven from their advantageous situation by the furious 
cannonade of the five men of war : no attempt being made 
lo defend New York, it was taken possession of by the 
English. However, on the morrting of the 21st of Septem- 
ber, a most horrid attempt was made to burn the city, by 
several persons purposely secreted in the deserted houses. 
The flames first broke out at some wooden Storehouses, at 
the southernmost) or windward part of New York : the wind 
was so strong it was almost impossible to face it, for smoke 
and flakes of fire. One third of the town was destroyed, 
before the progress of the fire was stopped. On the subsequent 
day the Admiral, with that respeft for religion which was so 
visible in his charafter, attended by many of his officers, 
went to St. Ppul's Church, New York 5 and heard a sermon *, 
admirably suited to the awful occasion, preached byMr» 
O'Beirne, his chaplain. 

During the time that Mr. J. W. Payne aftcd as Aide* 
de-Camp to Lord Howe in the Eagle, he was continually 
detached from the Ship on a variety of important service, 

• Mr. O'Bcirnc chose hi* text from Jeremiah, xii. 15. Wc shall add some 
extrai5l& from the conclusion : — " To what a accnc were you witnesses th« 
night before last ; when just escaped from thcf Storm, and imagining yourselves 
arrived at a Port of rest — to awake at the midnight hour, and find your city in 
flames ! to sec your all perishing before your eyes, and to know that your 
destroyers were secretly among you, spreading the ruin, and exulting in the 

succcfts of the infernal scheme. — Ye saw the brave and generous servants 

of your King,— that King whom you have so often heard represented as a 
tyrant who sends forth his flceu and armies to enslave, ravage, destroy—* 
flying to the assistance of their fellow subjedls, in the midst of the flames, 
at the hazard of their lives, exerting every nerve to preserve your dwellings 
and possessions ; and tearing from the hands of the dark incendiaries the 

instruments they had prepared for your destrudion. Let us, therefore, 

conclude the service of this Day, when the freedom of your worship is restored 
to you, by uniting together, with one heart and one voice, to implore the 
divine favour and proteaion for our Sovereign Lord, King George ; that God 
would be pleased to give him length of days, and increase of happiness^ 
to prosper all his undertakings for the good of his people, and to bless him 
with what his adions prove, and his words assert {Sfeeeh fnm the TbromM) 
to be the favourite wish of his heart,— the restoration of harmony, and the re- 
establishment of order and happiness in every part of iiis domimoDi.*' 



or tEAfL-ADMIRAL jOftn WILlStV rAYNB. 9 

that demanded considerable address, and a continued pre^ 
sence of mind^ to accomplish ; — there is hardly any class of 
light sailing vessels, which, during this period, he did not 
occasionally command, in keepifig up the communication 
between the Admiral, and his brother Sir William Howe— 
jQ the execution of which he had either some extensive river 
to explore, some ford to sound, or the devious windings of 
some creek to examine, during the silence of the night ; sur- 
rounded by an enemy rendered desperate from the calamities 
of intestine war. Lord Howe, who to the latest period of his 
life considered this officer among the first of that school 
which he had taken such pains to form, was soon sensible of 
his diligence, and'abilities ; and at an early age, appointed him 
second Lieutenant of the Brune frigate, 32 guns, Captaia 
James Ferguson ♦. 

The original charaftcr of this eccentric, but distinguished 
officer, was admirably calculated to create that cordial, and 
hearty attachment, which soon took place between himself 
and his new Lieutenant: and although we are sorry to 

* James Ferguson, £sq. a dative of Scotland, was by Lord Colvtlle* made 
adiog Ueutenaot in the Royal Navy on the 15th of November, 1756, which 
tc length was confirmed. He obtained his Post rank in the year 1763, with 
the fommand of the Romney, 50 gm», to whidi Ship he was appointed on the 
sixth of June, with Lord Colville's flag on board, who had at this time the 
command in North America. In 1776 he was appointed to the Brune ; and in 
the month of April, 1780, distinguished himself, when commanding the Venus^ 
36 guns, in the a^on between Sir O. Rodney, and the Count de Guichen.' 
He was present at the capture of St. £ustatia, in the year 1781 ; was attached 
to Sir Samuel Hood*s squadron, with the command of the Terrible, in the a^ioa 
with the French fleet, off the island of Martinico ; and in the month of 
September 1782, sailed in the Egmont with Lord Howe's fleet to the relief of 
Gibraltar.—- On the death of Captain Broderick Hartwell he was appointed 
Lieutenant Governor of Greenwich Hospiul. After the paralytic stroke 
which came upon him in 1786, during a journey to Scotland, and which he 
always attributed to riding in a coach, he forced himself to London, and 
hai»tenjng to Carleton House, oppressed with irons to support his palsied limbs, 
he at length reached the apartment of his old Ueutenant, then Captain J. W. 
Payne, exclaiming, My dear Jock ! / tantwi dit in ptaety unUts I Mce m^r* sbaU 
ym by tie band. lam tberefort eome to say ibus mucb^ and to leave O lb Fe a o u SON *8 
hlessing tvitb ymt, God bleu you, my dear Lad / Jbope you Vfill live U tveaiber it oy$ 
bftter than your old C#jw«rirW«-.— Captain Ferguson died on the 14th of February,- 

^786. 

moi III. c 



lO f^lOGaAPillCAL MIMOIR 

contradia rhc authenticity of sortie ludicrous rclal'dns • 
respcdling them, which have long circulated at the festive • 
board, and cheered the gloom of many a cockpit } there were 
doubtless various incidents df a similar nature, which really 
happened, and arc forgotten. We can now only moralize 
like Hamlet over the grave of this worthy charafter — •* Alas, 
poor Yorick ! I knew him, a fellow of infinite jest ; of most 
excellent fancy : where be your gibes now ? your gambols ; 
your songs > your flashes of merriment, that were wont to set 
the table in a roar ?*' 

Lord Hovt'c in his dispatches bore very honourable testi- 
mony f to the professional merit of Captain Ferguson, and 
his officers in the Brune : In my report to their Lordships upon 
these several transa^ions^ particular notice is due to the Ablhtf 
testified in the dire^llon and condu^^ of many difficult and fatiguing 
Services wi^/VA Captain Ferguson of the Brune was charged 
with, preparatory tOy and In the progress of the various movemenis- 
of the army ; from the time of the first descent on Tori Island t§ 
this period. 

On the 23d of March, 1777, the Brune, at the opening of 
the campaign after the severe winter of 1776-77, was detached 
as convoy to two transports of troops, sent under the com- 
mand of Colonel Bird on the expedition to Peek's Hill*— Of 
the tra£t of land which the enemy possessed, the mostmoun* 
tainous, and of course the most advantageous, was a place 
that bore the appellation of the Manor of Courland X^ 

* Wc allude to the excellent story of the ball-room ; and the French 
gentleman, whom Captain Ferguson thought he had accosted, and mistook 
for his Jock Payne-^and also to the towing of the spars^^all excellent in their 
way ; but like many ' other good stories, must not be considered as fads. 
They circulated however on board the F.agle, and often produced an hearty 
laugh from tlic Admiral. — Hnv u it, said Capuin Ferguson one day to his 
olRccrSi ibat I never go em beard tbt jtdmiraVi Ship but iter* is aixtfmys tern* d —•- 4 
good sttry about Jock and me, 

. f When Lord Howe appointed Mr. Payne to the Brune, he was heard to say ^* 
*■' 1 have placed you under an officer from whom you will derive the greatest 
advantage ; in being formed for tliat complex service, both by sea, and land, 
which all Naval Officers ought to be well versed in, since it is a duty they are 
frequently called on to perform/' 

\ Stedman's History of the American War, vol. i. page »77. 



OF REAR.-ADMTRAL JOHN WILLBTT PAYNE. 'l I 

This was in a degree converted into a citadel ; and large 

qviantities of provisions, forage, and stores of every kind, 

were deposited in it. About fifty miles from New York, 

^ tip Hudson's River, was a place called Peek's Hill, that 

^ served as a Port to Courland Manor ; and by which stores 

and provisions were received, and conveyed either to the 

army, or to the numerous strong holds, situated in the more 

interior parts. 

The Commander in Chief being convinced of the impor- 
tance of this place, determined to open the campaign, by an 
attack upon it. On the approach ofthe detachment, a body 
of between seven and eight hundred men drew up at a distance, 
under the command of Colonel Macdougal ; with an apparent 
intention of opposing the British armament : on the nearer 
approach, however, of the force under Colonel Bird, they 
rerired to a strong pass at about two miles distance ; which 
commanded the entrance into the mountains, and covered a 
road tliat led to some mills and other deposits. Several 
stores were consumed ; but the destru£tion was not so con* 
siderable s^s w^s expelled : the largest magazines ren^aining 
inaccessible to our forces, through the ruggedness of the 
country in which they were secured. Having completed the 
conflagration, as far as was pradicable, and destroyed several 
small craft laden with provisions, the British force returned, 
under convoy ofthe Brune, to New York. It appeared that 
the Commander in Chief had received false intelligence ofthe 
situation of Peek's Hill ; which did not contain the quan- 
tity of stores, he had been led to expert. 

Some time previous to Captain Ferguson's leaving the 
North American station, for the West Indies, Lieutenant 
J. W. Payne was appointed to the Phcpnix, 40guDS, Captain 
Sir Hyde Parker * (now Admiral of the Blue;, and was on 

* Son to the late Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, Bart^ who being detached in the 
Panther by Admiral Cornish, on tlic fourth of O^obcr 176a, with the Argo, 
Captain King, in search of a ^paniUi galleon called the Philippina, captured 
fhc bantissima Trinidada, from Manilla, to Acapulco, equal in magnitude to a 
^litiih first rate, ^he wa» pierced for tiftj guns, but when takeo onlf' 

4 



H b:ogr^prical mbmotk 

femarkablc, he possessed the happy faculty of gaiaing the 
esteem and friendship of them all. From the Roebuck, 
Lieutenant Payne was removed into the Romney, 50 guns, 
of which be was appointed first, having the broad pendant of 
Commodore G. Johnstone, to whom the command on the 
Lisbon station had been given.-^The charafter of the Com- 
iDodore had certainly its weak parts, which his enemies havo 
sedulously exerted themselves to make known. Yet after all 
the abuse which has been heaped upon him, professional men 
wiD still acknowledge his merit, and respeft parts of his 
coirdud. No man possessed more of what has been termed 
the imptger^ iracundus^ incxorabilis^ acer of human nature than 
farmscif ; but he was also an aiFedionate, and firm friend. 
His attack on Lord Haw€ was ilKjudgedy and improper i 
lut his zeal for tlie Service, and his continued attention to 
those whom he wished to advance in It, should not be dis- 
Tegarded. He had indeed too much of the imperious asperity 
c^f a Wolsey, but he also possessed the Cardinal's unalterable 
attachment to those friends, whose adoption he had tried* 
Nrs great and leading fault consisted in having a ixund that 
was aifluated by the ancient principles of heroism :— O 
Oicar * / bend the strong in. arm : iut spare ilxfublt hand. Be 
tk$u a stream <f tnany Tides ^ aga'pist Tie Foes af thy peopU ; but 
Ute the gale that moves the grass to those who ask thine aid. 

With this officer, Lieutenant Payne prepared to embark 
at the dose of the year (1779). The Romney was at tliis 
time lying at anchor in Torbay, having returned from a 
cruise in the Channel, under the comnnand of Sir Charles 
Hardy. It was late in the day before the wind allowed the 
Squadron under Commodore Johnstone to sail. When the 
night was considerably advanced, the Commodore demanded 
of his First Lieutenant if all the boats were in ; and being 
informed that they were, seen ed displeased, and r^tlie^ 
sharply ordered one to be hoisted out« 

* lingal, book iii. page 44, 410. c^ 



OV RBAR-ADStlRAtf JOKH WILLBTT PATNB. 1$ 

The Coxnmodorc's orders were obeyed : but what was' the 
surprise of his Lieutenant when he was thus addressed : — ^ 
" I am desired to advance you Commander, as soon as I have 
lost the Admiral's light — can you sec it?" — No light could 
foe discerned 1—** Go then. Sir, immediately on board tlie 
Cormorant, and call up Roddam Home ; tell him l>e is 
appointed to the Romney, and that you are to command the 
Cormorant. Hasten ! the wind may come about before 
mornin]g> and force us back into Torbay ; and you both may 
wait many years for your promotion/* — Lieutenant Payne 
obeyed, and was thus advanced to the rank of Commander. 

Before Mr. Payne left the Romney, he had been macli 
struck with the chara&er of the Commodore's Secretary, who 
was no other than the neglefted, but elegant translator of 
the Lusiad, William Julius Mickle : that beautiful epic poem 
of Commerce, which the unfortunate Camoens composed 
with all the sublimity of the antient masters. — Captain 
Payne appointed Mr. Simon Millar, who bad been Master of 
tbe Romney, his First Lieutenant ; and was thus instru- 
mental in bringing forward an officer, who has proved him- 
self in every respeft worthy of the rank * he has since at- 
tained. 

During their passage to Lisbon, they fell in with the 
Santa Margarctta, a fine Spanish frigate^ which was cap- 
tured after a feeble resistaiK:e. Among the prizes taken by 
the Squadron, was the Artois, 40 guns, 460 men, then 
esteemed the finest frigate f, which had ever been constru£ted# 

* Now Post Captain in the Royal Navy. 

f Commodore jofaiistone in his Gazette letter, dated on board the Romney^ 
In the Tag;u!;, July 15, 1780—" The Artois was taken the ist of July off Ciipe 
Finiftterrc, after a sharp and well continued adion of forty-five minutes^ 
which does honour to Captain Home, and the chip's company under his 
command, 'i he Romney bad two men wounded ; the Artois had twenty 
killed, and forty wounded. Tha Artois is by far the finest frigate I ever saw, 
carrying twenty-four, eighteen, and nine pounders : she is quite new, and bigger 
than the Romney in all her dimensions, and is furnished with superabundance 
of all kinds of stores. She was fitted out by the province of Artois, and 
supplied with officers, and men, by the King of France : and these were in the 
receipt of pay^ both from the Ktn£, and the County of Artois. She was 



l6 ttOGKAPHlCAL MBMOiS 

Captain Payne who particularly distinguished himself during 
the occasional cruises on which the Ships * were sent, was 
advanced to Post rank, with the cominand of this Ship, on 
the 8th of July, 1780 ; and had soon an opportunity of sup- 
porting the insulted honour of the British flag, in a manner 
that received his Majesty's approbation. As the particulars 
of this event, are of considerable importance to the naval 
history of the last war ; had nearly involved the nation in 
one with Portugal, and are but little known, we shall 
now proceed to their detail, having only glanced f at then» 
before. 

On the seventeenth day of August, Z78O9 the following dcclaratioit 
was made at Lisbont before Diico Ignacio db Pin a Maniqub, 
of her Majesty's Council, Intendant General of the Police, and Super* 
iiitendant General of the contraband and ui^wful abateflsent of the 
Royal Duties,— by Nico/ao RibeirOf a seaman, whp worked in one of 
the boats belonging to the Quay of Bclem ; Jcu Antonio^ another 
seaman, who had lately arrived in a vessel from France, called Nostra 
Senora de Belem ; and Manvel Jo%e^ who was also a sea£uing man 
—having first taken their oaths that they would declare, who had 
engaged them to enter on board of foreign Ships ; if any violence 

.commanded by a respedable experxenced officer in the King's Navy, Mont. 
Lc Febre, who had retired to hit estate, which is considerable ; but upon being 
unanimously recommended by the Comty to this command, he had accepted of 
It ; and now served without any pay, or emolument whatsoever : so that tho 
eyes of the Public in France were very much turned upon the success of thi» 
Ship ; being of a new construSion, and a new kind of establishment, which wa» 
calculated to induce other Counties to follow the example of Artois.*'— 
A Ship of this name, with 38 gunti, was built at Wells's Yard, Rotherhithe, and 
launched in 1794 : commanded first by Lord C. Fitzgerald, and afterwards by 
Captain SirX. Neagle. She was lost on the coast of France, July 31,1 797. 
* Commodore 'Jobnitont'x Squadfn^ on the etui of Portugal in 1780. 

5 Commodore G. Johnstone. 
Captain Roddam Home/ 
' Christopher Atkinv* 

■ A, Grxme. 

■ J. Ford. 
— ^— J. W, Payne. 
-^— "^ J. M'Laurin. 

The Rcmiicy took off Vigo, on the sixth of July, after a chace of five hoai%| 
the Pearl, a French frigate of 18 guns, and 13 S men, commanded by the Che* 
valier dc Breigaon. 

t Vol II. page a 9« 



Romney 


50 


^ulus 


3» 


Tartar 


28 


Brilliant 


28 


Cormorant 


18 


Rattlesnake 


12 



OV KBAK-AlDnnAL JOHN WILLBTT PATMI. I7 

-bad dieee been offend tkem ; and whether, to their knowledge, 
.way of their coBntrymen continued in the service of the said 
•Shipa* 

Nkoiao Rtbaro depottdy — that being on shore on the Quay of Bclem^ 
on. the sixteenth ; at four o'clock in the afternoon, he was addressed 
in Portuguese by an £ngli8hman> whom he knew by sight, and had 
4ieard called a linguists who was also frequently engaged in procuring 
f oftuguese to serve on .boaid Ships of their own nation* He asked 
the deponent to go in his boat, and assist a boy in rowing on board 
Jiis Ship, a piize taken froa the French, and called the Little Frigate 
— tjbat he ahould be paid for his trouble, and sent beck. The depo* 
nent» thus persuaded, went into the Englishman's boat ; and being 
arrnred on board the frigate demanded permission to return : which 
was no sooner heard by the Captain of her, than he ordered the depo« 
«ent to go betmeen xiecks, to his hammock ; which was thnee 
•epeatedy with threats that if he did not obey he should be put in 
irons. Finding himself thus situated, the deponent jumped into the 
aea, and swam to a Danish vessel that lay neao loading salt : the 
Englishman on board the frigate had a blunderbuss in his handt 
which however he did not think proper to fire*— From the Panish 
iveasd the deponent went on shore without delay, and immediately laid 
the whole transadion before the Most JUvstriousy and Most Excellent 
MARTIN HO D£ Mbllo £ C4 8 TRo, Secretary of State for the Marine 
.Department* On. board the same English Ship were the above* 
mentioned Joze Jniooiop and Manvel Joze^ with several other 
TortQgttese, who altogether might amount to eighteen, or nineteen 
persons- 

Mam^ Jc%e i^oted^ — that about seventeen days past, he was 
engaged by one Antonio a seaman, and native of The Islands (who had 
sailed to and firom Bratil)} to enter on board the said English frigate ; 
he was to h^ve received a New Crown for every day and night-^-and if 
he chose to continue in the En^^ish service^ on board the said Ship, 
he should receive four guineas per month. The deponent being per- 
suaded by this Antonio, who had long been accustomed to such trans* 
xdions, went on board : having obtained leave from t^ie Captain, he 
this day (August 17) came on shore : as yet, they have never paid him 
any thing* It was not the deponent's intention to sail with the 
English* though- many of the Portuguese on board wished it : he be- 
lieved there were ebout nineteen in the above frigate. 

yo%i Amionio dtpated^ — that be was eog^iged to enter on board the 
Eoglish Ship by the same 'Antonio, with another sailor called 
Dommgoi jfoUnio ; he was to receive a Nenv Crown for every day and 
night* He continued doing his duty on board until the present day^; 

a30l- III. D 



S€ BIOOAAFHICAL MEMOll. 

when going with the boat to the shore, he ran iwaf» leaitnj; 
Domingos on board, with about eighteen more of his countrymen. 
— The deponent did not know for certain of any Portuguese being on 
board other foreign Ships ; he only heard it reported that several 
Portuguese were op board another large English fngatey which also 
was a prize taken from the French. 

The above Declarations being heard by the said Intendant General 
of the Police, he ordered the present Form to he drawn upi which . 
be signed, together with the deponents : and I pkdge my Buth to 
have passed the contents with truth : and I Manvell Jozb db 
MoRAES both wrote, and signed iU-'^Rtihrk of the Dezemlfargadar 
Intendant General of the PoTuem 

Having received aa order from the Secretary of State for 
the Marine Department, Don Difico Icnacio attempted to 
search the English Ships in a most unprecedented manner : 

and afterwards transmitted the following letter to the Secre- 
tary De Mello : 

MOST ILLUSTRlOtrS, AND MOST BXCBLLSMT SIR, 

In obcdtcncc to the commands your Excellency yesterday issued, 
I iscnt on board the prizes, which the English- had taken from the 
French, and fitted out in this river, viz. the Pear/, Artoiit and Tartar, 
the Dczcmbargador Auditor of the Marine, Guil her mb Batista 
Garvu, and the Juis de Crime da Ribeira, Domingos Montbikq 
»e Albuqubrqub ; assisted by fifty soldiers to rescue the Portu- 
giiesc, who were said to be on board the above vessels — (as was lately 
done, when thirty -seven Portuguese were rescued, the luajor part of 
wh(»ra were carried on board by force, as I have already informed your 
Excellency). On the arrival of the above ministers of justice along- 
side the Ship Pfarif commanded by Captain il^iU'tam IVbitf ;-^the 
same officer, who was on board when the former visit was made^ 
ordered several of his crew, with cannon balls in their hands, to 
'declare that the boats shoidd retire -* nor would they consent that the 
Miniscera oi justice should come on board and examine the Ship, 
to take out the Portuguese ; adding, that if they attempted it they 
would immediately sink the boats. Similar condudt was also followed 
hj the officers of th)e Ship Artols, of which John WiUett * Payne is 
Captain. The whole of this is proved in a better manner, by the 
relation which, the above Ministers made ; wherein the whole trans- 
•^on IS described, and the certainty of there being many Portugruese 
on board the Pearl ; which has been asserted by men in other vessels 
of the atme natk)D« This I lay before your £scclkncyi that it may be 



OP UAft*AO]il&AL JOHH WILLBTT PA7irS» I^ 

P'Cientcd to Hsfc Ma; ■ sty ; aod the Tiolcnce be made kaami, 
wliicb this officer has pradHaed^ as well as his eontinuiog to receive on 
board hia Ship Portuguese tubjeds ; ccMnpelliog some, abd tempting 
otheia by promises of great advantage* 
Lishoa, Sepiemher 3, 1780* 

DIEGO IGNACIO DA PINA MANIQUS, 

The following is the relation of the Tisit made on board the /irtoUy 
and Pearly to which the Intendant General alludes : 

** In the year of oar Lord Jesus Christy one thousand, sevea 
hnndrcdy and eighty , on the third day of September of the said year* 
in this city of Lisbonyby order of Her Most Faithful Majesty, whom 
God preserve — ^the Dezembarga^or Intendant General of the Police, 
of this Comty and Kingdom^ ddegrated the Do6iors Guilhirmb 
BArnsTA GAaTa» DeKen^argadar dc Relacaa de Porto » with th^ 
o£Bce ofCorregukr dt Crime df Bmrro da Rua Novdy and. Domingos 
MoNTORio DO ALBtiouEKQUB Amakal, Jms de Crime do Bairro da 
Ribtirat who went together with -us Escrivaent to the officers of the 
said Ministers, with Jertmimo Esteves^ Interpreter of the English 
language, to whom was administered tho Oath, by the Holy £vange« 
fists, that he should relate in the Portuguese idiom whatever he should 
hear, or might be answeted, in the English tongue ; and sundry 
Officers of Justice, and foot soldiers, who were distributed in several 
boats, with oars, all made for the frigate called the Peari^ (which is a 
prize taken from the French, at present manned by the English, and 
anchored in the port of Belem) for the purpose of withdrawing forty 
Portuguese young men, who were reported to be on board : to efieft 
irfnch the boat went alongside, in which were the said Ministers^ we 
the EjcrivaaUf and the interpreter. The crew of the said vessel wera 
immediately all in motion ; and there came to the Ship's side^ 
several persons who had snatched up cannon bodlsf and without any 
more provocation began to take aim, as if to throw them dirediy int* 
qpr boat, and the otheta which contained the OfBcera of Justice, and 
the military. 

When the crew of the said Ship beheld the latter, they seemed 
almost frantic* and tumultuously assembled on the Ship*^ side, witlv 
threatening gestures. One man, whom by his dress we judged was a 
common seaman, lifted his hand with the intention of throwing a shot 
at us ; whidi he would certainly have done, had he not been prevented 
by a comrade, who held his arm. Of all which we the Eurivaen^ 
• pledge our faith. On seeing this, the said Ministers, by the mouth of 
the interpreter, instantly desired the Captain, and the other angry 
officers! who were on boards that they would order the crew to refiaui 



30( • llOdtAVHlCAL WkMOIt 

fvoni floch a notorious iiwolt, as they appeared icadf td tforinfc f 
for that they, the said Mimstersy did not come to use any violence, nor 
had they been guflty of any rude adion whatever. Which beng* 
intimated to the Captain, who said his name was H^hUe^ he rrpUed in a 
peremptory manner, that the boats in which were the OflKers of 
Justice^ ancif the military, should keep their distance ; if not, he would 
heave a shot overboard, and send them to the bottom : this he re- 
peated several times, making signs of his intention-^K>f which we the 
Escrliaens pledge our fuith. The boats, for this reason, having put off 
from the Ship to some distance ; it was intimated to the said Captain, 
to declare on his word of honour what number of Portuguese were on 
board— >and that he should deliver them up to the Ministers of Juaticty 
who came to receive them^ as their own sabje&^-on hearing wbich^ 
be answered, that he had not one in Kis Ship. 

It being a second time intimated, with great civility, that the Cap-^ 
tain should order a search to be made on board the Pearl ^ since noC 
many days past, a visit having been made to a Ship for a similar pur* 
pose, the Captain of which had declared he had no Portuguese on 
board, when at the very instant several appeared, and said, that thejf 
were forcibly detained, — the same might possibly be now the case $ 
they therefore requested Captain White to order a proper search to be 
made — but he still replying that he had already declared there were no 
Portuguese on board ; the said Ministers ordered their boat to put ofi*, 
and go alongside a frigate called the jirtoUf taken from the French ; 
at present manned by the English^ and anchored abreast of Belem 
Castle* . 

When the boat, with the sud Ministers, had come alongside, they 
ordered the interpreter to intimate to the Captain, who declared hia 
name to be John fVtllett Payne, that on his word of honour he would 
deliver up' such Portuguese, as he might have on board }— to which he 
replied, << that on his word of honour he had no Portuguese in his 
Ship** — ^which the said Ministers hearing, they immediately ordered 
their boat to put off, and to join the other boats, which had not 
accompanied them, in order to avoid a similar insult to that already 
received from the Pearl frigate. 

A relation of the whole transaSion was ordered to be drawn up, 
which they signed, with the said interpreter ; and we the Escmaent 
pledge our faith, that the whole contents of this rebtion are the truths 
and as the truth we sign it. 

And I Bc&NARDO DA SlLVA CaROOZO^ ESCRIVAO OB CrIMS 

HO Bairro ua RiBEiRA wrotc this. 

GARVO. 

AMARAL BERNARDO DA SlLVA CARDOZO. 

JERONIMO ESTP.VJiS. 

JO^E ANTONIO DA CUNHA Bn'ANCOURT. 



or KBAR-ABItniAL JOBlf ITlZlVtr PAYNt. 21 

' Ott the Iftk of September^ tbe fbUbwing letter wss* receiTed by Mr. 
Walpolfy then British Envoy at this Court, from the Secretary of State 
for the Portogticse Marine Depaatnicnt : 

MONSIEUR, 

Par les deux copies ci-jolntes. No. i, et No. 2> vous verrez la con- 

^uiU des Officiers Commandants des Corsaires Angloise qui se trouvent 

dans ce Port ; particulierement des deux prises nommees V^rtois^ et 

la Perle : sa Majcstee, en consequence dc ces attentats reitercs, >a 

ordonnee aux Commandants des Chateaux de Bclem, et dc St. Julien de 

nc point pcrmettrc la sortie de ces deux vaiwcaux, a fin de prendre lea 

mesures convenables, pour faire rcspefter les Loix de ce Royaume, et 

pour empecher a Tavenir des coroportemcnts aussi extraordinaires que 

ceux dont il est question* 

J'ai rhonncur d'etre, &c. 

D£ MEIJLO, 
Notre Dame d*A juda, le 

jme Sqptembre 1780* 
MoHsioir IValfole, t^c. i^f. CfTc 

The officers of the Artois, and Pearl, as might be expedted, were 
not dilatory in rescuing their own characters from such unjust asper- 
slonsy and in supporting the insulted honour of the British Na\ry« 
They immediately drew up a real statem?nt of fa£b, from the first 
visit, which they received during the evening of Saturday the tgth of 
August^ to that made by the Portuguese Ofncers of Justice, on Sunday 
the third of September ; which being signed by the principal Officers 
of the respe6live Ships, was transmitted by Captain Payne to Mr. 
Walpole the British Envoy. 

On Friday the fifteenth of September, 1780, Captain Payne 
received the following letter from Mr. Walpole : 

SIR, 

I have transmitted to Mons, de Mi llo. Her Most Faithful 
Msgcflty's Secretary of State for the Marine Department, translations 
of the declarations of His Majesty's Officers on board the Artois ; and 
dso a translation of the letter to you from Captain White, who com- 
mands tbe Pearl ; which you delivered to me as answers to the several 
p^ers I had received from Mons. de Mello, with his letter of the fiflh 
instant, and had communicated to you* 

Monsieur de Mello acquaints me, that the above-mentioned answers 
faaye been laid before Her Most Faithful Majesty \ and that it is 
natural to believe that the misunderstanding of the Portuguese Inter- 
preter has been the cause of what happened. 






S9 BIOGKAPaiCAL IfftVOlS 

I am desired by Monacor dc McIIo to mentioii to yovi thst wftcD 
tbc jfrtoU ttsd Pror/ are prqniag to «!» aome pciioa* will be lent to 
those Shkps to ask for, and receive the Porta^oeae MQoffiy and olkcr 
Furtogttcse sobje^ that may happen to be on board. 

I amy Sir» 
Toor moat obedient hnmbic acrrant, 

ROBERT yfALPOUL 



We iball first insert a £rw extrada from the ^rited 
the British Officers ; and will then add some passa^a £rom a lettti , 
which Captain Payne sent to Mr.WalpoIe, relative to what had 
passed* 

FrasT DtCLARATioif rf the OJicers nf His Mt^erffs Ship ArtiHt^. 
ifing td Anchor in die TaguSf wecrfy 9fpmheihe Cattfe ef BtTem^ m 
Jbuwcr to the Jsurtiau rffhc Portm^meu Mimsten Qfjusdee. 

VXTRACTS* 

— ^The boot, in which were the Civil Officers, being come sdongfidc» 
sbottt four o'clock on the nineteenth of Angnst, Mr. Worthmgton, 
Clerk to the E. V. C. aftcd a» interpreter, as the person bronght Car 
that purpose spoke bnt indifferent English. — Mr. Worihington 
affirmed, he wes directed by the said Officers of Justice to decLrr, 
in case of our refusing to comply with their request {g't*^ng vp the 
Portapteie on hoard] ^ the Castle hsd immediate orders to fire into as ; 
for as we were considered as men of war» they did not intend to starch. 
The Commanding Officer on hoard judicioosly considering that sach 
vrniccessary, and improper threats ought not to wkhdraw him fromr hb 
Duty ; and with good reason snppoemg that no such on warrantable 
behaviour conld be authorised by her Most Faithful Majesty, prudently 
took no notice of such a threat ; hot answered, that there tvere sfvtral 
r^rtuguete on toardy tttho should he immeduitefy delinfered np : and, in the 
mean tinK» begged of the Officers to come on board ^ at the tame tinn 
Ttaiing them offers ef refrefhment ; ^tr&iehthey aeeeftedm 

During the time that the Officers of the Ship were making aearch 
for the said Portuguese, who had concealed themadves in difiercna 
part^ of the Ship ; and had, on ^e appearance of the Fortuguete 
boats, made vse of erety entreaty to be detained (even feUing on thev 
knees, saying they should certainly be put in Prison^ if they were 
found at work on board). Being gi^n to Budcrstand that it waa 
impossible to detain them ; they flew to every part of fitt Ship for 
safety : — some of them got into the Captain '& coibin, he not being on 
hriard, snd there concealed themselves ; whence they were taken ; and 
two othci-s h»(i even let themselves down into The WeQ of the Sldp^ 
ivherc they evaded the search of tlie people sent to look for thfpu*. 

I 



OP RSAft'AOItlRAL JOHV VILLSTT PATNS. 2 J 

Theic, kcn^c^w, wore the day fi^wing discovered, and sent on shore. 
£xdusive of these two» tweatj-five Portaguese were found on board, 
and were all ddirered to the officcn who demanded them : after this 
they retired ; and excepting the threat of fioleoce, above rebfted* 
aothiag but Civilitleg paaaed oa both udes^ dunag their cootlnuauce on 
board. 

l^e OSoerg of hit Ms^aty^s Ship Jrialshxwc been rigidly dbservant 
of what they imagined was the wish of Her Most Faichfiil Majesty* 
fy rtfiuimj all the offers thai are daily made fjr ihe Porittguese iahguren A» 
he aduatud'tMtQ the Ship j and in particidarby sending five of the ;d»ovo. 
mentioned tweaty^five Poituguese on shore— who had again retarned* 
begging to coatinue. Hia Majesty's Ships in this river, having 
been classed in the a&resaid Declaration, with armed Ships, and 
Privatseia ; and a tort of charge of ^-treatment exhibited against the 
whole ; it becomes expedient for the King's Ships* in vindication of 
dicmaelvcst and the Honour of their nation, to declare that every 
tfedet ^f enedty^ and ^pprtJtUa^ U asforeigm t9 their diifotitkmSf as it it 
fnii&ted by their iMCmSSwi/.— « 

Every Officer b the Artw does by this intf rument declare — ^that 
during the whole time, there has been occasion to employ Portuguese 
iabttererif oa board the said Ship ; there has not been an instancci of 
one <^ them being pnnished in the smallest degree ; and that further- 
novc it has always been the Captain's oiders, that they shonld be 
permitted to go oa shore whenever they pkased. The testimony 
^vea by the Portngnese, and confirmed by a letter to His Ezcelkncy 
the Secretary of State for the Marine Department, having made 
■acatioQ, that the greater part of the men, taken otit of the Ships, 
wveie entitled to several months wages, and prize money ; is sufficiently 
contradi&ed by the time those Ships have been in the river, and the 
predicament * ia which they are known to stand. 

In itestimony of what is related, as above, being the truth, the 
whok truth, and nothing but the tiuth. We the principal Offi.cers of 
His Majesty's Sh^ drUis, hereunto have sufaacribed our names : 

Ci'veu m board* 

JOHN WILUETT PAYNE, &c. 

Seco VD DfiCLAtATloa of the Officers^ and Men» ofHu Majestfs Ship 

Artois. 

EXTRACTS* 

Co Sunday, September the third, i;8ot wbiist the said Ship was 
^vepzriag to sail, there came aki^;stde a boat with sundry Portnguesa 
Officers of Justice^ who asked the Commanding Officer, to declare 

* W^mg been deuinci. 



94 nOGftAPRlOAL UMMgaUL 

opon Ill's honour, wliether he had any Portuguese vulje^ on houi» 
To which the Officer answered, that if they would be pleased to st«]r 
a fliiort time> until the 8hip was thoroughly searched* he should be able, 
with more certaintyy to assure him to the contnry*— at the saaae tioie 
the Officer of the Artots requested the Portuguese to come on board ; 
which was declined, saying they should be content with the asswrmoes 
of the Commanding Officer : who, on the report of none being found, 
iigni&ed the same to the Officers : on hearing this they civilly went 
«fiway ; and this is all that passed along8idc.<— In confirmatioa of the 
above being the truth. Sec. &c* 

Given on board* 

Signed m $be tame tfuumer at thcjintm 

Captain Payne, in a letter which he addressed to Mr* Walpole, 
.strongly expressed his feelings as a British Officer, and his utter 
astonishment at what had passed. — '< I was further encouraged to 
think that every odium was removt^d, at least from his Majesty's Ships, 
by the assurance of his Excellency {Moiu. tie Mdla)f who did me the 
honour to say he was well convinced, I could not descend to the 
behaviour specified in the above mentioned declarations; and hl» 
Majesty's two Ships, Arioh^ and P/ar/, might sail as soon as they woce 
ready for sea — only permhting the ceremony of a wit to be nuule to tie 
Sb'ipt* prcwous to our departure* I acquainted His £xceUency> that it 
was out of my power to grant ivhat he required : the propriety of 
which I flatter my^lf you will agree to ; as it would certainly he 
giving up a Point of National Honour — for which purpose only J 
can imagine the demand to have been made. It was not until 
Sunday, ■ the third of this month {Septemher)^ that I heard there was 
the least cause of complaint alledged agraiast any of the British Ships in 
the river ; and I was getting under weigh to proceed to sea, when I 
received a vtibal message from an Officer, alongside, that The Queen 
desired we would not sail without her further orders : unusual as such 
a me^ge, as well as the mode of delivering it, might appear, I juJged 
it proper, considering the good understanding between the Courts of 
Great Britain, and Portugal, to delay going to sea, until I had made 
some further enquiries relative to the cause of such a proceeding."— 

Capt-ainPayne then retates the difficulty he experienced in procuring 
an audience with Mons. de Mello, whom he at last found at home. 
He also waited on the Commanding Officer of the Castle of Belero, 
by whom he was politely received ; but could not discover any reason 
for the detention of the Ships : after pointing out the fallacy of the , 
report of the Ministers of Justice, by a Variety of plan fafts, he thuk 
concludes his letter to Mr. Walpole— << Having I think sufficiently 



OP RBAR-ADMIRAL JOHN WILLBTT PATNS. 2^ 

proved, by the testimony of every Officer on boardi the said 
Portuguese declaration, I have only to apologize for trespassing so 
long upon your time ; and beg leave to subscribe myself with the 
highest resped, and esteem," — &c. 

Some secret influence must in this instance have been 
exerted by the enemies of Great Britain, to occasionr a 
rupture between the tw.o Courts, which was prevented by 
the spirited, yet temperate conduft of Captain Payne, 
Though at this time but a young officer, he neitlier suffered 
the rashness of youth to hurry him into the snare, that was 
concealed with so much art ; nor the repeated effrontery of 
the Portuguese to make the smallest encroachment on the 
independence of the British Navy. His conduft received 
the entire approbation of his Sovereign ; and was duly 
appretiated by Lord Sandwich, then at the head of The 
Board. 

Captain Payne was at length obliged to leave the Tagus^ 
without obtaining any satisfactory explanation from the 
Court of Portugal. Through inadvertency, or the exhausted 
patience of the British seamen, when the Artois fired a gun 
for a pilot, a shot was discharged against one of the tawers of 
Belem, which being thus thrown down, the Castle bears to 
this day a conspicuous memorial of the above events* 

On his return to England, Captain Payne was appointed 
to the Enterprize ♦, 28 guns ; in this Ship he on various 
occasions, both in Europe, and in different parts of America, 
continued to display that exertion, and daring spirit, which 
denotes the British Seaman. Amongst others, his spirited 
attack on some Ships in harbour, under the protedion of a 
battery in the Island of Cuba, the whole of which he either 
destroyed, or brought away, particularly recommended him 
to the notice of his commanding officer. Admiral Pigot. 
Captain Payne was in consequence soon appointed to the 
command of the Leander, of 50 guns ; the Ship which has 
fio well supported her renown during the present war, and 

* At prr»cnt a receiving hulk for imprcsted men iii the Thames, moored 
xiesr tht i ower. 

Qol. iii. E 



Stt tl6CRAPHlCAL MtMOtt 

was lareljr tc8tt)re<! to Great Britain by the noble liberality of 
the Emperor of Russia, Nor was it long before Captain 
Payne enjoyed an opportunity of adding considerably to his 
proresstonal fame> by one of the most daring engagements that 
was fought during the war. The following ettraft of a letter 
fh>m an officer on board) contains a correct aocotint of the 
whole : the aflkm began at midnight. 

LsAiTDCiiy EngRsh Harbmrt Anitgua^ Fetfuarj 12, 'i^^%• 
*^ Since my last to you. Captain Pkyne was removed from the 
£t)terp'f lise, atid appointed to the command of this Ship % and innne- 
diately after reeci^ orders from the AdaAimli to coni^y a Ccrtd Ship 
to the Northward of the Iskuidl. On the eighteenth of last months 
about one o'clock P. M* we discovered a large Ship to windward 
bearing down upon us ; but she soon hauled her wind» and pursued 
her course to the southward* By this time we could plainly discern 
her to be a large Ship of the line, and from soffke circumstances of her 
behaviour, we were convinced she was an enemy. As we were only an 
humble 6fty g«n Ship, we might ha^ been well justified in pursuing' 
our owR course and might have thought ourselves lucky in being per* 
mitted to do so ; but Captain Payne thoi^it differently \ and, notwith- 
standing the great disparity between uSf was determined to close with 
the Chace. At four o*clocl we tacked for this purpose, and between 
twel*vey andonty the next morning $ accomplished it. The enemy, upon 
this, brought to ; and we iminediately nm alongside of him, within 
fourscore Tar«i.<:» and placed ourselves dtre£Uyon his lee bow ; with onr 
krboard quarter abreast of his main- mast * : we discharged our broad- 
side, and received that of the enemy almost at the same moment ; and» 
without any alteration of our distance, continued in hot adion for 
almost two hours ; in which time he made a fruitless attempt to board 
txs, but was repuked with such severity, as efifi^ftually discouraged him 
6t>m a repetition of it. By this time we had become a perfe^ wreck ; 
our masts* yards, sails, and rigging of every kind, so completdy cut to 
pieces, as to render the Ship totally unmanageable. Our Rival 
"appeared in general to have full as little reason to boast of the conse- 
iquences of the contest as ourselves ; and in the hull seemed to have 
'suffered much more. He attempted, however, as a dernier efibrtf to 
vrear under our stem, and to rake us ; but in this we likewise disi- 
appointed him ; for before he could bring his prpjeA to bear, we got 
our starboard side on his larboard bow. His fire now began to slacken^ 
^ind be continued dropping astern of us, until he had got to the 

* Refer to the engraving, Plate XXV. 



OF ftBAR«A2>MI&At JOMV WILLBTT PATXE. W 

^ntance of acar half a mik : we> howev«r» flattered ouradTes tliat Jie 

\aA only retired to refit, and meant to decide the action at day-ligbtf 

vhicbwas now near at hand ; but, to our great astonishment^ nothing 

waa to he aeen of him in the morntngy which was exceedingly dear ; 

nor, udeat he aonkt is it possible to conje&nre what became of hinw 

By tbe weight of the Shot, many of which are aUqking io the sides qlf 

the Leander» and lire French thirty-six pounderst this Ship must have 

been at least a seventy-four ; and by the crowd pf musqiietry which 

was stationed at every Port> she certainly had on board a conaiderable 

nnmber of hmd troops. We engaged so closely, that the Leander was 

thiice act on fire by the enemy's wads ; but 4ie same tool mid 4iea4f 

cm^hUij wUeh prevmkd on board of tu dar'mg the vMf a^itm* eftc* 

tnally ektiiq^nished the fiames each time, without the least interruption 

of it." 

** When yon consider the great inequality ai our force with 
that of the Ship which we engaged ; that we sought the giory« we 
obtainedf by chasing her, and bringing her to action ; and that we 
have given her a most complete drubbing, if not sunk her ; I flatter 
mysdf that you will rank tlfe behaviour of the Leamier, with the very 
frtt expioks performed by single Ships, in the whiJe <owrse of the war^ 
I am sorry to close my account by observingi that besides the men 
killed * in a£Uony we have scarcely any hopes of saving the wounded 



ones,'* 



The following is a correft copy of Admiral Pigot^s letter to 
Mr. Stephens^ dated— •Formidable, Gros Islet Bay> St. Luciap 
March the thirds 1783. 

SlRt 

Oiptain Payner who I had appointed to the command of the 
Leander, and sent to convoy ti Cartel Ship to the northward of the 
Islands, acquaints me by his letter dated the 20th of January, whlck 
i received on the fifth of February, that he had on the night of the 
18th fallen in with and engaged a large Ship ; for the particulars I 
enclose Captain Payne's letter, 

I have not a doubt of the Ship hang at least of sevettty-four guns ; 
having seen and examined several of the Shot that were lodged in the 
Leander.«— I shonld not do justice to Captain Payne, his officers, and 
Ship's company, if I did not acqnaint their Lordships, that from 
every enquiry as to the a^ion, it appears to have been conduced 

* Duriog the engagement the whole of the men stationed on the poop were 
tUdowa, except one man, named Simon Smithy afterwards a quarter-master 
in the Impetueus ; who coolly leaning over the colour chest, exclaimed—- 
** Jf you pleeue^ Captain Payne, J itand in need of tome aaistanfe, a/, extent myself^ 
oU vert are iiiied, or vmnuki. 



SB tlOGKAPRTCAL MEMOIR 

with the greatest hraveiy^ and good order ; and Indeed I have in several 
instances found Captain Payne a very aSive^ good officer : a proof of 
which he has given me since the a6lion by refitting hit Ship in Englisk 
Harbour in a short time— where sbc haa had every thing new, bat her 
mizen mast j andts returned to me without losing a ituui by desertion* 
I am sorry to say his wounded men are all dead, excepting two* and 
they have lost their limbs. It is rumoured at this Island that the Ship* 
he engaged, was the Covronnb *, and that she is got into Porto 
Rico. Nothing has arrived at the French Isbnds cRceptiog the 
Venus fngate, five weeks ago ; she had a passage of twenty<oiie days 
only. The naval force of the enemy at these islands is the Triton and 
Zele. of the line, the last lately hove down, with a number of large 
frigates. A flag of truce I sent to Martinique is just returned ; they 
say they know nothing of the Ship that engaged the Leander ; and 
that the Marquis de BouiHxe is to go to Europe upon the arrival of 
JD'Estaing. 

I am. Sir, 
Your most obedient humble servant, 

HUGH PIGOr. 
Fh'ittp Ztephensy Esq. 

Captain Payne^ in his fetter to the Admiral, mentions 
some particulars, not yet noticed, which we shall extrafl. 

— — '* You may therefore guess our surprize at seeing notliing 
of him at the break of a very clear morningi though our head had 
continued invanably to the southward, which was the course he had 
been steering the whole day ; nor can I conceive under any possible 
circumstances be could have been out of sight, though he had even 
put before the wind, had no accident happened to him. As I lay all 
that day, and the following night, diie^ly in his way, between Gua- 
daloupe and Antigua, where I thought he might pass, without hearing 
any thii^ of him, I am at a loss what account to give you of him ; 
yet inspiteof his Spanish colours (in which I might also be mistaken) » 
I am persuaded she is one of Mons. de Vaudreil's squadron, from the 
number of troops she had on board ; which enabled them to place 
small arms at evti^ Port. I <im also confirmed in this opinion by the 
weight of her Shot, which are stamped thirty-six pounds, having on 
them the French mark, and which announces her also to be a seventy^ 
four : and from her situation, and the place I nvet her in, I should 
conjcd^ure, that the rendezvous of that Squadron is to the northward 
of the Islands, and they mean to go to leeward of tlicm into Marli« 
nique. 

* She was afterwards more generally believed to have been The pLura 



OF REAR-ADMIRAL JOHN WiLLETT PAYNE* tg 

*< I am persuaded^ Sir ! that I am not too sanguine in saytngt - 
I believe^ could we have got our head to the enemy when we attempted 
it (from the cool and determined conduft of every officer, and man on 
board )y that our success would have hecn equal to our wishes ; and for 
whose Credit, I cannot omit mentioning the Steadiness they displayed 
mfuUitig out three ^res occasioned by the enemy's wads, without the \ 

anaUest confusion, or discontinuance of the a6tion« 

*' The enemy's loss of men, must I think, from the concourse of 
them» be very great : ours is only thirteen men killeJ, and wounded ; 
though. I am sorry to say that most of the latter cannot recover, being 
torn with large Shot. 

" I am. Sir, 
** Your most obedient humble servant, 

" J. w. payne; 

« Hugh Plgot, Esq. Admiral of the Blue, ^c. bfc. ^c.*' 

Before his return to Europe, this gallant officer was ap- 
pointed to the command of the Princess Amelia * of 80 
guns ; in which Ship, at the conclusion of the war, he safely 
arrived in England. 

During the subsequent years of Peace Captain Payne par- 
took of such elegant relaxation, as an aftive and liberal mind 
would enjoy. We havtf already noticed the seleft Coterie 
that was formed under his auspices in Conduit-street ; and 
continued through the course of a twelvemonth, conjointly 
with the Honourable Captain Hugh Conway, and his' 
brother Lord George. In/these social days of " jest and 
youthful jollity," a sincere Friendship commenced between 
His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, and 
Captain J. W. Payne ; which in its progress, and present 
continuance, will remind The Historian of that memorable 
period, when Henry the Fourth of France shewed that 
he possessed a just discernment in the choice of a friend, 
with a due value for that Independence which too seldom 
flourishes in a Court. 

Amid the sportive sallies of wit that circulated in this 
stlcQi and fashionable circle, the following deserves to be 

* On her arrival from the West Indies, she came to anchor at Chatham ; and 
was there propped op, and turned into a Church- Ship. 



JO BtOeltAFHICAL MIMOIft 

mentioned^ as it ha* never yet been correAIj giTea 
to the publrc* Some naral subjcCt having been started, 
on which there appeared a difference of opinion, the whole 
was referred by a person at table to Captain Payne, 
mdding — *^ as yoa have been long bred to the sea» we 
will abide solely by your decision. With that quickness 
of repartee* for which be has always been noted. Cap* 
tain Payne immediately answered-*/ ntvir was bread to the 
sea ; tut the sea has been bread to mej and ^«— <* J bad bread it 
has been. 

About the end of the month of Augiut ( 1 785) Captain 
Payne, in company with Lord Nortliington, embarked in the 
packet at Dover, and arrived at Calais, after a tedious passage 
of fourteen hours.— Continuing their Tour throi:^h Boulogne 
to Paris, Lord Northington prevailed on his friend to accom* 
pany him still further. When they had reached Geneva, 
they separated for a few days ; Lord Northington direftiog 
his course towards Lausanne, where, on the borders of the 
Lake, bis sister Lady Jane Aston, and Sir WiUiann had taken 
up their abode at a cottage delightfally situated in a most 
romantic part of the country. Captain Payne, unattended by 
any one but a guide, indulged his favourite wish of wan^ 
dering, without restraint, amid the sublime scenery of the 
Glacicrs.-*Having again joined Lord Northington, they 
passed Mount Cenis, and remained a fortnight at Turin. 

Being arrived at Rome, Lord Northington took the earliest 
opportunity of viewing St. Peter^s : and it is remarkable 
tliat after expressing his satisfadion in beholding a build* 
ing of which he had heard so much, he added — ^ I have 
always from a boy wished to behold St. Peter's ; and having 
at length seen it, I shaJl die in peace." His Lordship had 
scarcely uttered the words, when he^was suddenly taken ill ; 
and after lingering for some montlis at Rome, veas conveyed 
in a carriage, made for the purpose, to Paria where he 
died. 



OP RBAK.ABMI&Afc JOHN WILLITT rA7NE« 31 

in Pajrne, soon after his return to England *» Was 
ckfted one of theMembera for the borough of Huntingdon ; 
which borough he twice represented in Parliament. He also 
previous to this had been appointed Private Secretary, and 
Keeper of the Privy Seal, to The Phikce. 

At the first commencement of hostilities with France, the 
RuMcIlf, 74 guns> was commissioned by Caqptain J. W^- 
Fayne ; and, on the ever memorable first of Jiioe> 17949 this 
officer was among those who received the particular thanks of 
Lord Howe, with a public mark of their Sovereign's appro* 
batioA in the medal that was ptesented to them as the ho- 
nourable badge of naval merit* 

We have been ftvoured with the following particulars 
relative to the Aftion of the 18th, and 29th of May, and first 
of June, 1794, by an officer who was on board the Russell. 

Maj s8. At tewm A. M« the advanced frigates made the sigoiA 
io tbe Admicml for a strange sail, and at half past, for a strange fleet ; 
Lord Howe immeditttely threw out the signal for the advanced 
squadron ^uider Admirdl P^udey, to reconnoitre the eoemy««Hive bein^ 
ooe of the advanced aquadron iaraiediately made att possible -sail : 
between ai^y and 4uh A. M. diacovered theaa to be the French fleet* 
eoiisieting of twenty-six sail of the line^ and five frigates ; abo<it 
Pmil^w they brought -to for a short time ; then tacked» and formed 
their Use : ve had now all Sail set, in <:base of them.*— About thr^i 
the signal was thrown out to harass the enemy's rear : between /ovr, 
and feve^ tacked shtp» 9^ fired at their stern most Ships ; about sm 
they brought- to for us $ aod» in lialf aa how, we fetched up with, 
mA eomcncDced fuing upon their stem most Ship, the Rbvolu- 
riovAiRfcy a three decker— -shortly afterwards the BeHerophon com- 
menced her fire upon the satlie Ship, and tlten the Marlborough^ and 

* Vlliibt ffendilig «t Home, CaptaJB Payne reaeived>great civilities Irom the 
Cardinsd York. At one of his dinners the Cardin4, out of compliment to his 
guest, had taken the greatest pains, to have an £ngHsh plumb pudding. , Tho- 
ftaUan c«>ok had done his utmo«t, but in vain ; it possessed ooly the name of that 
celebrated dish. The Cardinal on observing his guest take soiiie, through civi« 
fity, exclaimed*-^ ^« ha^w done our utmost y Captain Payme^ t^etyou am £f^luh dub i 
ha I fear after «//, It turns out to be a PretaAr. 

f Capcaio Payne kistrd hands, on reCQt^tng hi* cc»mnis»on for the IftusscII, 
Maf sa, 1793. Ihis Ship, after being fitted oat at Chatham, arrived as 
Portsmouth on the fourth ol August, and about the aoth sailed to join Lord 
liotrc in To^bajr. 



32 moCRAfHtdAt nt&iotn 

Leviathan> came up, and fired at her. At eigbi o^tlocki being alnldsC 
darky the Audacious came up» and bioogbt-to upon the enemy's ke* 
quarter^ and kept up a constant fire at her ; the enemy also kept up a 
most tremendous fire from her tops — «re still kept firing at the . 
Revolutionairey within half pistol shoti until nine o'clock^ when she 
passed under our stern ; her bowsprit^ and mizen mast^ were gone, 
and her main-top seemed to be on fire : just as she passed under our 
stern, she struck her colours to the Fleet. The firing then ceaaed* 
and wc kept sight of the enemy all night ; being between the two 
lines. 

May 29. The Admiral made The Signal to form the line of battle 
ahcad» as most convenient : we formed astern of the Queen, and were 
then the third Sliip in the Van — the Caesar leading. The French 
Fleet, at this time, were going away to windward* At about half 
past eight A. M. they wore round to engage our Van. The Royal 
George commenced the Ad^ion, and soon afterwards we began firing ;. 
and kept engaging the enemy to the fourth Ship,— At ten^ the Admiral 
threw out the signal to tack — ^the Queen wore ; and when we got on 
her weather beam, we wore also, and hauled to the wind, on the other 
tack : in wearing, the foresail was cut from the yard ; all the braces* 
and bow-lines, were gone, and the bowsprit was shot through ; the 
Ship leaked very much, and we had above four feet water in the 
Hold. We then passed down the French Hnt, and left their stemmost 
Ship to leeward ; the French Fleet now made sail, as if they wished to 
escape : on v'kich The Signal was immediately thrown out by the 
Admiral for a general Chace : from the drcumstances above-men* 
tioned, we were obliged to make the Signal of Inability. Nothing 
but rand(>m fire continued during that afternoon ; and we were 
employed in repairing our damages — the seamen at the rigging, and 
the marines at the pumps, as the water gained upon us, and continued 
doing so until four o'clock the next morning, when we succeeded in 
stopping the leaks. The thirtieth t and thuly first of May, were so 
foggy, that we could not discern the enerny. 

'June the first. About eight o'clock A. M. saw the French fleet 
lying- tO) main topsail to the mast ; and The Admiral made the signal 
for each Ship 10 engage her opponent : a little before nine A. M. 
we bore down upon the enemy ; the Cxsar leading the Van, the 
Leviathan ahead of us, amd the Royal Sovereign astern. About nine 
the aftion became nearly general on both sides. The Russell was the 
fourth Ohip in the Van ; we engaged briskly for an hour, when our 
opponent bore av^^ay, her masts and sails going as she advanced : we 
immediately bor^i up after her ; but the French Ships coming up fron> 



OF RBAR-ADMIRAL JOBS WILLSTT PAYNE. 3} 

to leeward» and.astcrn> protedled her. We then hauled up, and raked 
L'Ameriqae *, who was already engaged with the Leviathan, within 
half pistol shot. The French Van were now totally dispersed, except 
two Ships that seenied inclined to engage us«^wc immediately hauled 
to windward, and ^roared thent with tlicir wishes ; hut it was only ' 
for a alicirttimc : for on ohserviog their fleet makiag o% they followed 
the exaniple. I omitted to mention the going of our fore topmast 
about ten o'clock. About ^n^ P. M. aU firing ceased— seven French 
Ships were at this time totally dismasted, one of which was observed to 
sink. In tVe afternoon we boarded L'Amerique, bat quitted her by 
order of Admiral Graves, and took ppssessic^ of L'lmpetiieux. Ex- 
dgwged prisoofirsi and received 1 76— ofEcera, and men, included. 

Durii^ the three days a£tion we had only eight men killed, and 
about twenty wounded ; which is sufficient to prove our superiority of 
skin. Some of their Ships had above 1 50 men killed. Our brave 
Captain had many narrow escapes ; but thank God I 'he weathered it 

XNlt. 

In the twentieth plate f , which represents the Van Sqoa^ 
dron cf tfas' British Fleet at the close of the action on the 
first of June, the Russell is introduced ahead of L'Amcrique, 
totally disabled in her riggings engaging a French Ship. 
of the liti^ that was edging, down to join the French 
Van. 

On the thirty first of December, during the severe winter 
of 1794. 95i Captain Payne hoisted his broad pendant, iu 
the Jupiteri 50 guns, as Connpodore of the Squadron that 
was destinixi to bring H[£R Royal Highness th£ Prin^ 
CEss Caromns op fiauN^wicK to England ; after various 
4eUys« occasioned by the peculiar inclc:iiet\cy of the season, 
and the critical importance of an Expedition, which had 
at the same time been well digested by Government, and 
wisely intrusted to his skill, he sailed from the Nore oi> 
the twenty-seventh with a fair wind, and dropped further to 



* Now The Inpetaeme, to which Ship Cspub Payne wi^s litenvsrds ap. 
pointed. • 

f VoL.lI. Hfic 37i. 



34 BIOGRAPHICAL MBMOIft 

the eastward ; on Monday the second of March he again uiir 
moored, and made sail with tl^e Squadron *• 

The peculiar uncertainty of the weather in this month 
baffled the bold intentions of the Commodore : he howeves 
pursued the publjc objcft of hi$ yoyagc ; and on Saturday, 
the seventh of M^rch, after exerting tlVe greatest caution^ which 
the peculiar danger of the coast demanded, the Squadron, 
inoored ofF Cuxhaven.*»Owing to the imminent perils they 
had to struggle with, from the great quantities of ice, which 
the tide with considerable force carried out to sea from the 
Elbe, it was at one time reported in England that the 
Jupiter, was lost j she however, with the rest, though 
cpnsidcrably injured, providentially e$cape4« 

The limits of our work oblige us to postpone giving any 
further particulars of this expedition, until our next. Wc 
therefore at present only add, that on the eveningxjf Saturday 
the twenty-eighth of March, Her Serene Higkkess the 
Princess Caroline, was received under a royal salute on 
board the Jupiter, to the great joy of the anxious crew ; and 
on Saturday the fourth of April, having come to anchor ofF 
Gravesend, her Serene Highness the next day left the Jupiter 
for the Augusta yacht, Captain Browcll, and about noon 
landed in perfeft health, and safety, at Greenwiclf. 

Though the health of Commodore Payne was mate- 
rially affefled by a service of so much peril, and anxiety ; 
he would not suffer any personal consideration to withdraw 
him from his professional duties, whilst he could possibly 

• ^ht Squadro/r unJer the eemmand of Commodore y. W,. Pmyne^ nvh'uh tailed Jrotn 
the Korey en Monday the second of Jl/fsrci, to bring over Her Serene Highness^ tbt 
J^rtHcest Caroline of £runituickm 

C Commodore Payne. 

J"P"« ^ i Captain W. Lechmere. 

Phaeton 38 ■' Hon. R.-Stopford. 

Latona i% ■ Hon. A»K. Lcgge» 

Lark i'6 ' Jesias Rowley. 

Hawkc |6 ■ George Bowen. 

Martin 16 «i-»^ Charles Gunler. 

Saxe Cobonrg 






l"^ > Cuttci* 

Princess Ro^al -^ 



OF REAR-ADMIKAL JOHN WILLETT PAYNE. jf 

.kxert hlaiself suf&clentlj to perform them. Accordingly,* 
being appointed during the summer of 1 796, to the command 
of The Impetuehx ♦, 80 guns, (which had undergone ^ 
complete repair dt Portsmouth, so a^ to be nearly rebuilty 
and early in November Sailed out of Portsmouth Harbour 
for SpitheadJ Captain Payne, having his officers and ship'd 
company discharged from the RuSsell, came on board, and 
took the command : the following is a brief detail of his 
principal services in the lobpetueux. 

On the twenty-eighth of November the Impctucui sailed froni 
Spithead> on her first cruise, to join Admiral Colpoys's Squadron, 
then at sea. Falling in with five French Ships on the twentieth of 
December,^ the Admiral ordered her, and some others, to chase ; biit 
thick blowing weather coming on, they lost sight of the enemy. On 
the azd the linpetueux parted company in a Fog; and on tne 
twenty-fourth saw twenty- two of the French Fleet to windward— 
Suiing the night she passed close by five large Ships of the enemy* 
and almost within hail of one of them, who made a signal with a 
Rocket* Captain Payne fortunately escaped so snperior a force, aiid 
continued cruising until the twenty seventh, when he again fell in with 
Admiral Colpoys. 

In June, (i797>) dunng one of his cruises under Lord Bridporti 
Captain Payne was detached as Commodore of a Squadron consisting 

, of three sail of the Line, and two frigates ; with orders to stand to the 
southward, as far as Cape Ortega l, in quest of a French Squadron ; 

. when he captured La Zoee privateer, of 20 guns, and chased 
two Frigates^ and a corvette, into Rochfort. — In the month of July 
foUo^ng, he again sailed, as Commodore, from Torbay, with a line 
of battle Ship^ and two frigates, endeavouring to intercept two rich 
Spanish merchantmen + from the Havannah : after an unsuccessful 
cruise o£Pthe coast of Spain, and is far as twenty degrees to the west- 
ward. Commodore Payne returned to Cawsand Bay, on the twenty* 
eighth of August ; having .c^tured a French lugger privateer. La 
Petite CHSfiiE ; three Spanish polacres laden with winei and retaken 
an American brig. 

* Taken the first ot Ttrne, and tihen called l.*Ameriqiie. Tlie Stem of this 
^p is the mott beautifiil Specimen of navai archite(ftiire, ever seen in this coun- 
- try. At a compliment to llie Prince, it was onMmenMd with bis Royal High- 
. hcss's crest. 

f This cruise was tmdertaken in conscqnence (^ the Information obtained by 
' the Spkmsh fdncca, prize to the Serpent sloop, Captain Ricliard finckoU« 
Vid.VotU. p. ^3- . ^ . 






3^"" ilOGRAPHlCAL MEMOtK 

In March (1798) Commoiiore Ifaync wu ordered to rcfiere Sir 
J. B. Warren, and to take the command of a squadron of frigates. He 
•ccordingly aailcd from St. Helens on the iwcnty-fourtll of the above 
month, in company with the St, FiormzOf 40 guns ; and was joined off 
FlymoQth by the Cmtada 74, PlMetott 58, jimon 44, and Cygnet 
cutter, 14 guns : the Canada shortly afterwards parted company. — On 
the twenty-sixth, a fresh gale came on from the eastward ; on the 
twenty. seventh the Sylph brig, iS guns, joined. The Pbahtm^ on the 
twenty. ninth, w*s obliged to be sent into Port. Strong gales atill 
continued from the E. N. B, and N. N. E. Oh the thirty-firot of 
Marcli the Anton sprung her main-yardf and soon made the signal for 
having sprung her main mast ; at noon she parted company for 
I^ngland. On the third of April, fresh breezes, and cloudy: saw 
Belli Isle bearing N. E. "by E disUnt five, or she leagues. At 
midnight a dreadful gale began from the S, W. The Squadron 
endeavoured to sUnd off all m'ght \ "but the Swell getting up, could 
not make much head- way. At day light, squsdly with rain- 
carried a press <rf" t^I to clear the land. On the fourth, strong gales, 
Sind hazy, from the S. W. and W. S W.— Close reefed the top-sails % 
down top-gallant yards, and struck top-gaBant masts — the gale stfll 
increased. At six P. M. saw the St. Fioren%Of (who the day before 
had parted company in chace,) with her mizen-mast, and main-yard 
gone : reefed the courses— at seven sounded, seventy, five ^ithom, 
rocky bottom. Set the fore sail, and carried a press of sail ; as, by 
the reckoning, we could not be far from Titb Saints. At half past 
seven ordered the Sylph to look out on the lee bow, two m3e»distant> 
and carry a light all night, expedUng to hXi it> with the Roeis before 
Dfiy- break. A. M. strong gales, with heavy squalls ; obliged to 
take in the fore- top-sail, and get the top-galhnt masts on ^^(^it 
to lighten the Ship aloft : got in the jib- boom-— at seven A. M. wore 
Ship ; split the main-staysail to pieces. All on board fcatrcd the 
St» Fi^renzo was on shore, during the night, as she was in a disabled 
state, and that nothii)g could save the Impetutuxm Providence however 
orllered otherwise. 

At nine the Mizen split to pieces ; got the Gaff down to bend 
another* The pilot at ten o'clock^ came «bd told the Master, that if 
he did not bear up for ^uiheron, the Impetueux mast be lost in the 
mght ; as by his reckonii^ she was dose to the land Made the 
cyiph's signal to bear up» and make the knd, in the S. £.'by E. At 
'fen ihe Imp^hMibc ^Imk -up, a»d saw tke Si* FwrmmoU) keward soud- 
ttiag under her fofe-sail'; strong galesj and squally with nun, at nocto. 
OwAe^lOk The Giie cosAioncd frosrS. W. to W.^. W. : captuicd 
atngger on the sixths-spoke the RamBict^ TriHm^ •ftnd Ifasom, ••»* 



©T IISAR-^DMI&AL JOHW WIXXETT TAYITE, Jy 

Ac eleventh. On the thirteenth came dff Plytnoutb ; -flic djtk 
38 guii$9 Nymfbe 36 gimsy sod Mermaid 32 guns, hiviag joinei, 
mde sail to tlic westward. Tbe Im^uemt^ on the siaUODthy^arj^ 
fiom tbe Squadron^ and stood for £[pithead« 

During this unpleasant Cruise^ Commodore Payne, froin 
the^ constant anxiety, and fatrgue, which he endured, bad a 
violent attack of fever, which had neady deprived the Coun* 
/try of his services. Unwilling to give himself the sm:dlest 
indulgence when in a convalescent state, he ventured out too 
soon after this attack; which brought on the gout, and 
rheumatism, to such a degree, that his h'fe was despaired of: 
he however, was at length restored to his friends. Captain 
S. Edwards, in the mean time, was appointed ading Captain 
of the Impetueux, and continued to hold the command of h6r» 
until the fourteenth of February, 1797; when Captain Payne 
was advan^oed Rear* Admiral of the Blue. 

During the month of August, 1799, R^ar-Admiral Payne, 
in a manner the most flattering to his feelings, both as an 
Officer, and a Man, was appointed Treasurer of Greenwich 
HospitaL A station which the humanity of Jiis disposition, 
and his high regard for tlie Service) render him so well calcu- 
lated to fill : 

The ^second was as Almkek of tbe Place : 
His office was the hungry for to feed. 
And tbristy gi?e to drink, a worke of grace I 
He fear'd not once himselfe to be in need.*— 
Htshad enoi^h ; what need him care for more ? 

And had he lesse^ yet some he would give to the pore* 

STffirSEK* 

I have seen Admiral Payne, said an elegant Scholar, who 
is now no more, and been highly delighted with his conver- 
sation— i/u is all mind ! 

As a politician, in which charader the Admiral has 
distinguished himself, he possesses an impartial judgment, and, 
what is. above all, an inflexible attachment unto Truth. 
Respe^ed by both Parties, he avoids the intrigues of each ; 



. |S BIOOS.APHXCAL MlUOIt OF RBAK^ADMIIAL PAYlTf. 

#nd throughout life has presorved) what fev? attain, the chft^ 
rz&tr of an IndepiiTdent Man. As an officer, he knows 
the secret of making authority respeded, without disgracing 
it by the trammels, and bluster of a Tyrant : to this Wc 
shall only add his high regard, and respeft for Religion. 

The precarious state of Admiral Payne's health, has long^ 
been an obje£l of painful solicitude, to the many who know^ 
and respedl his worth. We trust for the sake of his Country* 
tliat it will speedily be re-established : whenever this Officer 
hoists His Flag, it will not be unfurled in vain,—" Shew 
thy face from a cloud, O Moon ! light his white Sails on 
the Wave of tte Night : and if iny strong Spirit of Heaven 
sits on that low-hung cloud, turn His Dark Ships from 

The Rock, thou rider of the Storm !" — Ossian. 

•. » ■ » . 

The-anccstors of Admiral Pityne/the Lor(& of BaAnptoD^ carac ot^ 
with WiUiam the Conquerorr^ and then bore the name of Pagganells, 
which afterwards was changed into PaynetuU. After the battle of Wor- 
cester, Charles the Second fled, with Colonel Payne, to an house on the 
coast, belonging to the latter at Oviogdeane in Sp^sex ;* from whiclt 
^ast the King escaped. The ftomly of the Payms, being Roy^ists, 
i^ere after thtfe dispersed : that branch, whence sprang the subjed ef 
our present attention, went to the West Indies ; and settling at St. 
Christopher's were instrumental in bringing over to the English, that 
part of the Island, which had hitherto belonged to the French. — Si a 
Gillies Payne, who is above eighty years old, is nearly related la 
the Colonel Payne, who protedied King Charles. 

Akms.] du. a fesse bettreen two lions passant Ar. lor Pte^iu* Qutrterini;' 
CartisUf Tjz. Az. a cross cerceiif Or, between four cross croslets fitcbci Ar. 

Crest.] On a wreath a lion's gamb erc^ and erased Ar. holding a tilting* 
rpear rompu Gu. 

Motto.} Malo mori quam fadari. 



/I 



C 39 3 

NAVAL ANECDOTES, 
COMM^CIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, in, 

MANTES IN CUEGITE VASTO t 






* • 

THE foUowing respe&able te^imoi^r to naval merjt 9pp.ear3 t^ 
hare escaped your notice. I ithcf tfore take the liberty of re* 
guesting its insertion : 

To JoHjr DstL^Yf Esq* Commmtder of His Majesty* s Hired Q^Uer^ 

FowBY, Phfmmith.^ 

Bristol^ July 17, 1799* 
WE, the Underwriters and Shipper^ on the Portuguese 
Brig» Tbjo, have been made acquainted by Mr. John Mul- 
lowney, of this city, merchant (late pasfenger in the said vessd^ 
bound firom hence to Lisbon), with your spirited condu£l in the 
recapture of that vessel : he. informs us tl^at th^ wind not per- 
mitting your nearer approach in the cutter than within £re or «Ix 
miles, and apprehensive that during the night the French crew 
would have an opportunity of getting into Brest, then only a few 
leagues distant, you determined on sending your boat after her^ 
bciog the only possible means of preventing her escape, however 
hazardous the attempt. We are happy your exertions were 
crowned with success, and think it a duty incumbent on us to 
return you our sincere thanks for the same : k is our wish that 
the First Lord of the Admiralty should be made acquainted with 
this our public testimony in your favour, being confident that he 
avails himself of every opportunity to promote those, who dis« 
tingiiish themselves in the prote^on of pur trade^ and com« 
inerce. 

We remain. Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servants^ 
John Hatthoeni, Isaac Amos, 

IIaem. Visoee, John New all, 

CaAELsa Patne, For Dan. Haefoed, 

Thomas Hobbs, Weaek, and Payne. 

John. Maese, John James, 

Beoom, Peicb, and Cow Richaed Lambert, 
j. Pdenell, Peter Maze, 

IL Haet Davii, Robert Vjsoer, 

Cbaeles Anderson. Jame* Mullowne'^* 



MAVAL AVrCDOTBSy 



DIMENSIONS OF THB MASTS AND YARDS OF THl IMPETUEUX. 

HIS Majesty's Ship Impctucttx's bwcr masts arc very high, being 
four feet abof^ those of a nmcty^eight gun Ship— 4ier topmasts arc 
not quite high in proportion ; her top- gallant-masts are higher than 
what arc commoniy used in sctcntyrfcurs. Her lower, and topsail 
yards are very squarei top-gallant yardd are not. 



Main-mtit from the ttep 
Top-mast - - - 
Xdp-gaUui^tnast 
Fbre-mast from the step 
Fore-top mast - - - 
Fore-top -^lant-mast 
MixeB-mast from l^e step which 
is oo the lower deck -^ 8a 

MUen-top^gallafit-BMBt 
Bow^rit • 9 ^ 



US 4 J»l>hoom 

67 4 Main-yard - 

3* IX Top-sail yard 

104 4 Top.galkiat>y«rd 

. 63 6 Fore-yard 

■ 29 II Fore-top-sail-yard 

Fors-top-gaUsnS-ytwf • 

6 MiBcn^top-sail-yard • 



- 47 

- %% 

• 71 



4 Mizen-top-gallant-yard 

5 Cro$i-)ack-yard • 
I Sprit-sail- yard • 



Fta. In, 
46 9 

69 

4a 
85 

67 
37 



9, 

5 

» 

I 



47 10 
33 o 
66 o 
64 S 



oFrtesms in his majestt s ship 

I 

Jbha Wflctt Payne, C^uin. 
ticary Vavghatt, FEfttLieutcnafte. 
Th«asa9'HwTno«» Second JLiemtesanft. 
jmmctt Bcowoc Mainwariag, Tbifd 

Lkeutesant. 
Tohn Burst, Fourth Lieutenant. 
George 5teel, Fifth Lieutenant. 
Jldward Barker, Master. 
JibiiI>Migbn» Bdtatwaiiu 



794* 
Samuel LawTord, Carpenter* 
JameaMaciiing, Gvoocr* 
John Smithy Fnraev. 
Joseph Steyauon. Surgeoo. 
Jean Blanfield, Pilot. 
Francis Mason, Captain's Clerk. 
John Lewis Erelcgh, Lieutenant ad 

R egiment. 
Frederick P. Oelnae, Ditto* 



|.O0« or iil«> MAIEVIY's ship CAr»^ ADMIBlAL SIK HYDE PAKKER^ 
OK USE. r <.SSACS TO THE EAST IMIMEA, 

(Referied to at Page 12.) 

CHANC£ ft lea^th brought to light some accoitots.of the eoast on 
which the above Ship was wrecked ; but how must the horrors of 
shipwreck be aggravated, when we reflcA upon the savage barbarity 
witk which thft gallant Sir Htde Parkee, and the brave seamen 
under his coniMnd, were treated by the merciless tyrants into whose 
hands the jarring elements had thrown them. 

The following account wjs laid before the Lords of the Admiralty^ 

in the year 1791. 

Capuin Burn* an EngUshmaa* who commands a ycssel in the 
Ecrvice of the Nabob of Arcot, aad who is employed to convey the 
pilgvims on their annual visit ti> the Tomb of Mahomet at Mecca* 
when there last season, was going on shore, and saw a boat belonging 
U> a Malay vessel then lying in the same place, with a man in her. 



COMMERCIAL HII^TS^ I^ECDLLECTIONS^ 2cC« 4I 

baling out the water. From the make of the backet, he knew it must 
have belonged to a British Ship. * He accordingly^ rowed alongside of 
her, and saw the Cato's name painted bn the bucket : struck with 
the sight, he immediately enquired of the Malay, bow he came by the 
bucket ? who told him, that some years ago a large Ship was wrecked 
upon the Malabar Coast, and n)ost of the people got safe on shore ; 
but that, by the order of the Malay King, the major part of tbem were 
immediatdy put to death. Captain Burn, after receiving this informa* 
tion, went on board the Malay Ship, and there saw the Cato's main- 
sail, and a quantity of British bordage, and other sails, that had for- 
merly belonged to the above unfortunate Ship. The Malay vessel 
was almoBt entirely rigged with the Cato's stores. 

Captain Bum, when on bdard the Malayi made some inqnines 
relative to the number of the Cato'a Ship's Company that had siir- 
vired the massacre^ but could obtain no satisfactory answer ; and the 
next day, when he intended going again on board the Malay, he fouhd 
she had« in the course of the night, dropped some miles from the place 
where she lay the preceding day. 

The uncertainty of the manner in which the Cato was lost had long 
b^n the occasion of much unhappiness, not only to the relations of 
^hosc who were in that vessel, but to the nation at lai^e, who never 
ceased . to lament the fate of an Admiral whose courage and condu6t 
were at all times an honoiu- to the British Navy. The brave officers 
asd seamen under his command have also had their share of national 
sympathy— >a tfibute which their services, and sufferings, certainly 
merited. 

It must, however, be a satisfadtion to their country, to reflet, that 
there are yet distant hopes, that some of the unfortunate sufferers may 
^ survive I 

PLATE XXV. 

REPRESENTATION of the gallant Night Adbon between the 
Leander, of 50 gunsy Captain J. W. Payne, xm the eighteenth of 
January^ 1 783, (the same Ship which was lately restored to Great 
. Britaidy by the Emperor of Russia^) and a French Ship of very supe- 
rior force *, as mentioned in the preceding Biographical Memoir, 
page twenty-sixth.-Both Ships are on the larboard tack, standing 
to the southward ; the Leander placed on the starboard bow of the 
enemy, which station she preserved during the greater part of thi« 
desperate engagement. 

* T)ie enemy's Ship had 74, or So gunt ) 
®pl. III. G 



t 4^ 1 

CORRESPONDENCE. 



TO THE EDITOR OS THE NAFAL CHRONICLE. 
SIR9 

I REMEMBER to have heard much, during last winter, of 
the A6Uon between the Squadron under Sir John Borlase 
Warren, and the French Squadron, o/F the coast of Ireland ; 
and particularly of the engagement which afterwards ensued 
between his Majesty's Ship Mermaid, then commanded by 
Captain Newman, and the French frigate La Loire, which had 
escaped from Sir John Borlase Warren. I always heard this 
a£^ion mentioned with the highest praise, on account of the 
great superiority of the French Ships, in number of guns and 
weight of metal, with the addition of having a great many 
disciplined troops on board. — The rules of the Service not per- 
mitting that any Gazette account should be published * respe^ing 
the engagement of a single Ship, when no capture took place, the 
public were never officially made acquainted with all the par- 
ticulars of this engagement ; and I therefore think it may not be 
unacceptable to you, to receive the following copy of the ori- 
ginal letter, written on the occasion by Captain Newman to 
Admiral Kingsmill, which lately came into my possession. 

The French Ship, La Loire, -did not founder, as it will be 
^seen Captain Newman conjedlured she would, but was afterwards 
encountered and taken by the Anson, of 44 guns, Captain 
Durham, and the Kangaroo, Captain Brace ; the latter of 
whom fortunately repaired the damages, sustained in his first 
attack of the Ship, in sufficient time to come up with her again 
after her ad) ion with the Mermaid, and materially to assist 
Captain Durham in the capture of her. From Captain Durham's 
letter to the Admiralty, it appeared, that La Loire was " pierced 
for fifty guns, mounting forty-six, (eighteen pounders,) and 
having on board 664 men, troops included, among whom arc a 
number of artillery." The very inferior force of his Majesty's 
Ship Mermaid was thirty- two twelve pounders, and her comple- 
ment of men only 220. Whether she had at that time the whole^ 
even of this number, I do not know. 

The silence of an officer with such reputation as Captain Dur- 
ham possesses, respeAing th$ previous drubbing which La Loire 
had received from the Mermaid, has always surprised mc ; and I 
have heard many naval men express their astonishment at it ; 
particularly as he mentions that, ^* luckily for him, (considering 

5 We believe our correspondent is not quite corred in asserting thxs^ 



CORRESPOKSEVCI* 43 

the disabled state of the Anson, from her share in the preceding 
aflion of the 13th with the French Sqaadroni) he found his 
antagonist so much crippled to his hands." % 

La Loire is now in his Majesty's service, and the command of 
her given to Captain Newn^an« 

I am. Sir, 

Your constant reader, 

A BRITISH SEAMAN'S FRIEND. 

(COPY.) 

" To Vke^Admiral KlNGSMiLt* 
«' His Me^esty's Ship Mermaid^ Lough ovflUy^ 05. 19, 1798. 
w sia, 

**' I have the honour to inform you, that, agreeably to your orders 
received from Captain Essington, of his Majesty's Ship Triumph, on 
the nth instant, off Mizen Head, I proceeded with the Ship I 
command. La Revolution aire, and the Kangaroo Brig, to 
cruise off the Dorseys for Captain Home> of his Majesty's Ship 
C^sAR, and put myself under his command : but having learnt from 
Captain Butterfield, of the Hazard, that he was cruising off Black 
Cod Bay, I made sail to the northward accordingly ; and on the I5th9 
at eight A. M. discovered two large Ships bearing nortlu On their 
not answering the private signal, I made the signal to chase ; and 
soon perceived by their tacking, and carrying a press of sail from us» 
that they were part of a French Squadron expeded on this coast. 
Having gained considerably on them before sun*set, I was in hopes of 
bringing them to a6Uon that night, and made the signal to prepare 
accordingly. On the commencement of the Chace, they kept their 
wind, but edged away gradually, till in the evening we were before the 
wind, with all sail set« Having made a signal, and spoke, they hauled 
from each other, which separated the Revolution aire and Mek- 
MAiD, each pursuing one ;. the Kangaroo steering after ns, but far 
astern. From' the thick and squally weather, I lost sight of the 
Kevolutionaire at seven o'clock, and of my chace soon afterward. I 
then hauled my wind on the larboard tack, wind N. by £• and was 
soon joined by the Kangaroo. 

** On the following morning, (16th,) we again fell in with one of 
the enemy's frigates, and gave chace. At three P. M. the Kangaroo 
came up with, and engaged the enemy, in a most gallant manner : but 
nnfortunately her fore- top-mast was shot away by the enemy's stern* 
chasers, and Captain Brace was rendered incapable of pursuit. I con- 
tinued the chace during the night, never losing sight of her ; and at 
day-light I perceived the enemy intended to give us battle^ as no other 



44 CO&HftlfOKDBNCS* 

•ail was in sight, t found he was full of troopsy and judged it 
probable that he would attempt to board us : my conjedlure was 
well fou.idcd, as he suffered me to approach as near as I chose without 
annoyance-^both Ships before the windy or nearly so ; steering N. £• 
At a quarter before seven the a^ion commencedf and soon became 
very warm on both sides. -^ Having placed the Mermaid on his star« 
board bow ; and the wind fortunately shifting from W. S W. to 
& S. W. I was enabled to gall him a good dealy without receiving 
much damage : but from repeatedly bearing away, and luffing upy 
we closed to within pistol shot ; when> from the deliberate and well- 
dirededfire of the Mermaid, his fore-top-mast was shot awayy as also 
kis cross jack-yard. The fire from his guns was evidently slackened, 
though he kept up a most tremendous and incessant one from tht mus- 
quetry in every part of the Ship. At a quarter past nine his main- 
top-sail-yard came down ; and I had just given orders to run athwart 
his hawse and rake him, when our mizen masc went by the board > 
the wreck of which totally for a time disabled the cabin and quarter- 
deck guns ; and we had scarcely time to haul Up when the main-top- 
mast followed* At this time, finding the stays, backstays, shrouds, 
lacks, sheets, and every bit of running rigging shot away ; the Ship 
making a deal of water, from being much hulled ; and several sliots 
between wind and water, one of them very dangerous in the bread- 
roQm ; some lodged in the wing transom ; expe^ing the fore- 
mast, fore-top*mast, and main-mast to go ; under these circuit • 
stances, and these only, I left off a£lion ; and I saw that the enemy 
was equally disabled with ourselves, and must have sustained an immense 
slaughter, as we mowed down the troops with round and grape, 
and they . were perceived throwing overboard the killed in great 
numbers. 

^' I have great satisfaflion in informing you. Sir, that, notwith« 
standing the incessant fire of musquetry, frequently within pistol-shot, 
I had only three killed, and thirteen wounded, three of them only 
dangerously ; and they, from the great abilities and attention of Mr# 
QuiN, the Surgeon, in a fair way of recovery. It is out of my power 
to give due praise to my officers and crew : to my /rsi Lieutenant « 
Ormsby, second Raynbr, and /&>// Corbet, I feel much indebted^ 
not only for their prompt execution of my orders in a^ion> but for 
their unwearied application, night and day, for forty- eight hours chace^ 
every moment at quarters, and in the severest weather I ever expc- 
licnced. To Mr. Halliday I feel much indebted ; as by his judi- 
cious attention to the Helm, the enemy's intention of boarding was 
frustrated : also to Lieutenant Tim son of the marines, for his very 
great exertions ; and to Mr. Brouchton, Master^s Mate^ wkos* 



COR&BBPONDlNCt. 4J 

condu£k was truly exemplary ; and every other officer behaved as I 
could wish. Constant fatigue was endured by the crew, in refitting, 
pumping, clearing the wreck of the fore-mast, and top-masti that fell 
on board, and left us with only the main-mast and main -yard, the sail 
being blown away ; we scudded under this bare pole before the heaviest 
gale I ever experienced. And here again I must express my high opi- 
nion of the whole crew ; who, from the fifteenth to the nineteenth^ 
on our anchoring in Lou^h SivUIy^ had without a murnlur, and witk 
the utmost cheerfulness, exerted themselves without intermission night 
and day, except when at their meals. — I had a very severe loss in Mr# 
John Taylor, carpenter ; who, when over the side, stopping a shot- 
hole, was swept away by the wreck of the main -top mast, and 
drQwned« 

** You win perceive, Sir, by this statement, much as I lament not 
being able to follow up the aftion, that we employed every endeavour 
to frustrate the diabolical intentions of these abettors of rebellion ; and 
I have every reason to suppose, from her steering, that her i udder was 
choked ; her main-mast appeared going when last I saw her ; and I 
doubt not she foundered that night* I had not an opportunity of ob* 
serving her name, as her stem was much blackened by firing at the 
Kangaroo the preceding evening. She mounted twenty-eight eighteen 
pounders on her main deck, and had sixteen ports on a side, with nine 
pounders and carronades on the quarter deck and forecastle. — I have 
only to add, that by the blessing of God, I got to an anchor here this 
day, as the wind immediately shifted, and the bread was aU destroyed 
by a leak in the bread room, and I had only ten or twelve tons of 
water ; having been out eight weeks from Plymouth. 

•* I have the honour to be, with respedl. Sir, 

" Your obedient and very humble servant, 

** J. N. NEWMAN.** 

*rO THE EDITOR OF THE NAVAL CHRONICLE. 

8IR, 

The following account being little known, I take the liberty of 

presenting it to you for a place iu the Naval Chronicle. 

A xiu 

Creat^een Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields^ Jan, 6, 1800. 

Relation of the gallant Behawur of an EngUshman in a memorahU^ 
Sea fight. — Extraaed from a Worh^ fmhlished at Parts in 1 7 58, en- 
titled, " Memoirs of a Protestant condemned to the Gallies of France 
for his Religion." 

« In the beginning of the summer of 1 708, Queen Anne, among 
many other Ships which were put in commission, had one, a vessel of 



1 



4$ bORllISi^ONDIKCf. 

teyenty gunfl/ commanded by -^— Smithy a concealed papist, a[nd ontf 
IV ho bore an implacable hatred to bis Country. His Ship was stationed 
to guard the coasts ; and as it did not compose part of any fleet, the 
Captain was at liberty to cruise with her as he thought proper : he 
accordingly sailed to Gottenburgh, where he sold her Majesty's Ship 
of war, whether to the King of Sweden, or to private merchants, I do 
not remember. Be that as it may, the Ship was sold, and he received 
the price, and immediately after retired into France to offer his ser- 
vices to Louis XIV. against his nati»?e country. The King received 
kim very graciously, and promised him the first Captain's commission 
that should become vacant ; but in the mean time advised him to serve 
«3 a volunteer on board the galley of Mr. Langeron at Dunkirk, and that 
ordera should be given to receive him with that respe^l which was his 
due. The advice of Kings is but a tacit manner of commanding ; 
at least Smith took it in that light, and obeyed. The Chevalier 
Langeron received him very politely, and entertained him at his own 
cxpence. In all our toilsome, but fruitless expeditions to the coasts of 
England, Captain Smith was one — he would often advise us to a 
descent upon the coast, in order to burn their towns, where he might 
at once have an opportunity of shewing his bravery, and gratifying his 
unnatural hatred ; but it was thought too dangerous to comply ; 
the coasts were guarded by patrolling parties, while large bodies of 
trained troops were placed at convenient distances from each other ; a 
species of animals French sailors do not much care to meddle with. 
Smith, burning with rage against England, had his head filled with 
nothing but schemes to in^'ade it. Among the rest, he sent proposals 
to the French Court, of burning Harwich, a little town, situated at the 
mouth of the Thames, provided six gallies were submitted to his 
command. The King approved his projedl ; gave orders to Com- 
modore Langeron to follow Captain Smith's instrudlions in the whole 
©f the expedition, and to the Intendant to furnish whatever was neces- 
sary towards carrying it on. The Chevalier Langeron felt some repug- 
nance at being subjeded to the controul of a stranger, invested with 
no commission : however he obeyed with seeming sntis^adion, while 
Smith gave the necessary direftions for colledling combiinibles, and a 
reiiiforcement of soldiers, with whatever else was thought necessary. 
Every thing being in readiness, we put to sea on the fifth of September* 
in a fine clear inornlng, with a gentle favourable wind at north east. 
We amved at the mouth of the Thames, without using our oars, at 
about five in the evening ; but Smith being of opinion that we were 
too early, and that we might be discovered if we came too near 
the shore, ordered us to stand off to sea till night fall, and to make 
cur descent when it \vas dark. We had not laid- to half an houry 



^ tOURSSPONDENCB* 47 

when the sailor at the mast head cried out, ** A fleet to the aorth# 
steering west, thirty-six sail, merchaut*biiilty and escorted by a frigate 
of about thirty cannon." It was in fadl a fleet of merchant Ships/ 
who had left the Texeli and were making for the mouth of the 
Thames. Our Commodore immediately called a council of war, ia 
which it was concludedj that without regarding Harwich we should 
endeavour to make ourselves masters of this fleet ; that this would be 
doing the King better service than burning Harwich ; that an oppor- 
tunity would every day offer for doing that, hut so rich a booty as this 
would seldom occur. These reasons nevertheless did not in the least 
influence Captain Smith : he protested against their resolutions^ 
alledging, that his Majesty's orders should be obeyed without being 
drawn away by any different enterpiise, and that we should steer to 
the south to prevent being seen by this fleet. The council of war 
persevered in their resolution, secretly pleased at thwarting the designs 
of a man whom they regarded with envy, and whose success would but 
give them cause to repine. The result of the deliberations of the 
council Mras an order to the six Captains to attack this fleet. We 
made all possible haste, with both sails and oars ; and as it approached 
us while we made towards it, we soon came up. Our Commodore 
had given orders to four of the galleys to invest, if possible, and 
master, the merchant Ships, which was an easy matter, as such vessels 
are for the most part defenceless ; while our galley, which was Com* 
nodore, and that of Chevalier Mauviliers^ should attack, and become 
masters of the frigate which served for convoy. In pursuance of these 
dispositions, four galleys took a compass to surround the merchant* 
men, and cut off their entrance into the Thames, while we went 
dire£Uy to attack the frigate. The frigate perceiving our design, and 
the danger which threatened the whole, or the greatest part of the 
fleet, took its measures accordingly. It was an E^^glish Ship, the 
Captain of which had the < haradler of being one of tht^ most resolute^ 
yet prudent Commanders in the British \avy ; and indeed bis condudt 
in this conjunciure did not give Fame the lie. He ordered the mer- 
chantmen to crowd all sail possible to get into the Thames, doubting 
not for his own part that he should be ablci with his little frigate, to 
cut out work enough for six French galltys ; and let what would be 
the result of the engagement, he was determined not to give out till he 
Saw the Ships under his convoy in safety. Pursuant to this resolution, 
he spread his sails, and bore down upon us, as if he iiitended to be the 
first aggressor. Of the two galleys ordered lo attack the frigate, ouri 
alone was in a capacity to btgin the eugagtment, as our associate had 
fallen back at least a league behind U6, either because she did not sail 
§o fast as WC| or else her Captain chose to let us hav^ the honpur of 



49 eOl&EtPONDCNGff* 

striking the first blow* Our Commodore, who seemed no waj cfis* 

tUrbcd at the approach of the fiigatc, thought our galley alone would 

be more than a match for the EngHshman ; but the sequel will shew 

that he was somewhat deceived in this conjedlure. As we both 

mutually approached each other, we were soon within cannon shot, 

and accordirtgly the galley discharged her brDad&idc •• The frigate^ 

•ilcnt as dtath^ approached us without firing a gun, but seeming stea^ 

dify resolved to reserve all her terrors for more close engagement^ 

Our Commodore nevertheless mistook English resolution for coward* 

Eness. <* What,'* cried he, "is the frigate weary of carr^nng English 

colours, and does she come to surrender without a blow." The boast 

was premature. Still we approached each other, and now were within 

musket shot. The galley incessantly poured in her broadside and 

small arms, the frigate all this while preserving the most dreadfid 

trunquillity that imagination can conceive. At last the Englishman 

seemed all at once struck with a panic, and began to fly for iu 

Nothing gives more spirits than a flying enemy : nothing was heaid 

but boasting among our officers : we could at one blo^jt sink a man of 

war : aye» that we coiild, and that with ease too. If Mr. English 

^oes not strike in two minutes, down he goes^ down to the bottom* 

AH this time the frigate was in silence preparing for the tragedy 

which was to ensue. Her flight was but pretended, and done with 9 

'View to entice us to board her in her stern, which, as heing the weakest 

fjnarter, galleys gencr^ly chuse to actack. Against this quarter 

they endea\'onr to drive their beak, and then generally board the 

enemy, after having cleared the decks with their five pieces of 

cannon* The Commodore, in such a favourable conjun6lure as he 

Knagined this to be, ordered the galley to board, and bid the men at 

the helm to bury her beak, if possible, in the frigate. All the sailors 

and soldiers stood ready, with their sabres and battle axes, to execute 

Ilis commands* The frigate, who perceived our intentions, dextrouslj 

avoided our beak, which was just ready to bedash^ against her stern : 

so that instead of seeing the frigate sink in the dreadful encounter, as 

was expected, we had the mortification to behold her fairly alongside of 

vs ; an interview which struck us with terror* Now it was that the 

English Captain's courage was conspicuous : as he had foreseen what 

<wou]d bappeoj he was ready with his grappling irons, and fixed ua 

• There Is something very striking, and terrible in the appearance of a galley 
at the first onset. As soon as she comes alongside the enemy, the gallcy^s whol^ 
crew, in order to strike terror, set up the roost dreadful shout that can be con- 
ceived, perhaps not less terrible than the Indian war whoop. Three hundred 
men, quite naked, roaring- all at once, and rattling their chains in the most 
hideous manner, cannot but impress the mind with strange emotions; they muaft 
bave hearts well disciplined who can sustain the encounter without tre^blin^. 



CORRESPONDBNCE. 49 

dose by Us side. His artillery began to open> cbarged with grape shot* 
AU on board the galley were as much exposed as if upon a x^t ; not a 
gun was fired that did not make horrible execution ; we were near 
enough even to be scorched with the flame. The English masts were 
filled with saOors, who threw hand grenades among us like hail, that 
scattered wounds and death wherever, they fell. Our crew now no 
longer thought of attacking ; they were even unable to make the least 
defence. The terror was so great> as well among the officers as 
common men, that they seemed incapable of resistance. Those who 
were neither killed nor wounded lay flat and counterfeited death to 
find safety* The enemy perceiving our fright, to add to our mis* 
fortunes^ threw in forty or fifty men, who, sword in hand, hewed down 
all that ventured to oppose ; sparing, however, the slaves who made no 
resistance. After they had cut away thus for some time, being con- 
strained back by our still surviving numbers, they continued to pour 
a dreadful fire among US. Chevalier Langeron seeing himself reduced 
to this extremity, finding a great part of his crew either killed or 
wounded, vras the only man on board who had courage enough to wave 
the flag of distressi by which he called the other galleys of the squadron 
to his aid. The galley which had laid astern was soon up with us i 
and the other four, who had almost taken possession of the merchant- 
men, upon seeing our signal, and perceiving our distress, quitted the 
intended prey to come to our assistance. Thus the whole fleet of 
merchant ships saved themselves in the Tliames : the gsdlies roWed 
with such swiftness, that in less than half an hour the whole six had 
encompassed the frigate : her men were now no longer able to keep 
the deck, and she presented a favourable opportunity for being 
boarded ; twenty-five grenadiers from each galley were ordered upoa 
this service. They met with no opposition in coming on ; but scarce 
l^ere they crowded upon the deck, when they once again were saluted 
a fAngloUm The officers of the frigate were intrenched in the fore- 
castle, and fired upon the grenadiers incessantly. The rest of the crew 
ako did what execution they were able through tlie gratings, and at 
hst cleared the Ship of the enemy. Another detachment was ordered 
to board, but with the saftie success. However it was at kst thought 
adviseable, with hatchets and other proper instruments, to lay open her 
decks, and by that means make the crew prisoners of war. This was, 
though with extreme difficulty, executed ; and in spite of their firings 
jwhich killed several of the assailants, the frigate's crew were at last 
constrained to surrender. The officers were still possessed of the fore^ 
castle, and still kept up as brisk a fire as before. They also were to be^ 
fiorced in the like manner ; which was not effe^led without loss.. 
Thus was all the Ship's company made piisonersj except tlxe Captaiiw 

mi III. H 



JO COKRlSPONOBHCt. 

He took refuge in the cabin, where he fired npon at with the otmoil 
obstinacy, swearing that he would spiH the ksi drop of his blood before 
he would see the inside of a French prison. The rest of the Kaghsh 
ofiicersy who had been by this time conduced on bourd us, described 
their Ciptain &s a man perfeAly fool-hardy> as one determined to blow 
the frigate in the air rather than strike ; and painted Ms rcaohitioa 
in such^ strong colours, that eiren the conquerors trembled. Every 
person now expeded to sec thi: frigate blown up, while they themsdvea 
must share the danger of so t^rribk a neighbourhood. Tlie way to 
the powder-room led through the cabin, and that the English Oiptaift 
wasstiQ possessed of; and had the frigate been'blownup it must hare 
been attended with the most fatal effeds to the six galleys. In this ex* 
tremity it was concluded to summon the Captain iu the most gentle 
terms, and to promise htm the kindest treatment upon surrendering. 
He only answered ail this by ftring as ftiBt as hecoukl. At length the 
la^t remedy was to be put in execution, to take him dead or alire. For 
this purpose, a Serjeant, and twelve grenadiers, received orders, (with 
bayonets fixed, to brrak open his door, and kill him if he refused to 
surrender. The Serjeant at the head of his detachment would have 
soon burst the door ; but the Captain, who had expedM all this, with 
his loaded pistol shot him through the head. The grenadiers, appre- 
hensive of the^ same fate, quickly betook themselves to ftight, nor was 
it in the power of any of th)! officers to prevail on them once more to 
renew the engagement, though seemingly so unequal. They alledged 
in their vindication, that as they could advance into tlie room but one 
abreast, the Captain would kiB them all one after the other. Again 
recourse was had to gentle methods, and intreaty was used, which had 
at last the desired success. All this seeming resolution, this condu£t» 
which appeared rather the effeA of insensibility than prudence, was 
aitfully assumed only to prolong the engagement till the merchant fleet 
were in safety ; which when the English Captain perceived from hm 
cabin window, he then began to Ksten to reason : yet still to prolong 
the time as much as lay in his power, he pretended another obstacle to 
his surrendering ; he ufltdged it as beneath him to deHver up his swoni 
to any but the Commodore, and desired that he would come down to 
receive it ; adding, that brave men should only be prisoners of each 
other. Accordingly a truce was agreed on till his demand should be 
irported to the Commodorxr, who sent word back by his second 
i Jcutenant, that a commander shonM never quit his post or his Shipt. 
At last the Captain gave up his sword without farther par1ey» Iflce a 
rfal Englishman, despising ceremony when ceremony could be no 
longer useful. He was now brought before our Commodore, who conld 
Bot iiclp teuif/ing soiac surprise at the inconsideTabk figure which had 



pmU mck ft mighty uproar. H« was hump-back^d, pale-facedf and 
as mudi defofmed w pcraoii as beautiful in mind. Our Cosunodore 
coopKiaartcd bim on bis braTcry ; «ddiDg» that bis present captivity 
was bat the fortune of war ; the loss of his $bip» the saCety of the 
fleet entrusted to his care ; and ibat be should have no reason to regret 
bis being a prisoner, since by the treatment he should receive his 
bondage would be merely nominal. ** I feel no regret," replied the 
Httle Captain ; " my duty called me to defend .my charge, though at 
the loss of my vessel. In what light my services may be represented to 
my country I neither know nor care. I might perhaps have had more 
bonour among them by saving her Mzjesty's Ship by flight ; and I 
shouldccrtainly have more profit, as I should still be continued in 
command : but this consolation remains, that I have served England 
futhfuUy, aof can I feel any private loss by an aftion that enriches the 
publicf and serves to make my country more happy* Your kjnd 
treatment of me may not perhaps be without its reward ; though I 
should never have the opportunity, you will find some of my country* 
men who have gratitude ; and that fortune which puts me into your 
power, may one day put you into theirs." The noble boldness with 
which he expressed himeelf charmed the Commodore : he returned him 
bis sword, adding, very politely, ** Take, Sir, a weapon no man better- 
deserves to wear : forget that you are my prisoner ; but remember I 
exped you for my friend.** There was soon, however, some reason to 
repent pf this indulgence, as the consequences of giving him back his 
sword had like to have been fataL Tlie Captain being introduced 
into the cabin of the galley, bdield there Smith the traitor, and instantly 
knew hinu England had set a price upon this wretch's head of one 
thousand pounds, so that he regarded every thing that was English 
with the utmost detestation. These two could not long behold each 
other without feeling those emotions which a contrast between the 
greatest virtue, and vicci'occasions ; and the little Captain was all on tire 
to take vengeance for his country on its betrayer. *< Perfidious 
man," said he, drawing. his sword, •* since the hand of justice cannot 
give you the death you merit, take it from mine ;" and at the same 
time he ran against him, resolved to plunge his sword into his breast. 
Fortunately £or both, the Commodore was near enough to prevent the 
ratibnees of his coodu^ by taking the assailant in his arms, and stopped 
the meditated blow, to the great regret of the Captain, who vowed he 
bad been better pleased with such an a^ion than to have taken the six 
gatlies. Captain Smith represented it to the Commodore as highly 
unfit that the prisoner should be in the same galley with him, and 
bf ggcd to remove him to another ^ which thu. Commodore refused ; 
zlkdgiBgp that as he-was his prisoner, he must remain where he was^ 



"1 

I 



ft eORRStrOlTDBlVCC. 

but that Captain Smith had hit choice of any of the other five gaffies 
for his residence. — ^Wc took possession of our prize, which was called 
the Nightingale ; the name of the brave little fellow who commanded 
her I am not able to remember. 

TO THE EDITOR OF THE NAVAL CHRONICLE. 
SIR, Blandford, Mth January !8oo# 

If you should think the following sketch of the chara<Ser of a man 
so well known and admired in the Service, worthy of a place in 
your very interesting work, you will greatly please his friends by 

inserting it. 

I am. Sir, 

Your obedient humble servant, 

CHARI.£S. 

On the seventeenth of January, 1786, died upon the coast of y^nV^i, 
in the discharge of his professional duty, Edward Thompson, Esq. 
Captain of the Grampus ^ and Commander in Chief of his Majesty's 
Squadron on the Coast of Africa : an officer of very distinguished 
eminence, and a gentleman well known in the polite and literary world. 
His dispositions were happy and amiable ; his acquirements very far 
beyond mediocrity ; his principles upright and firm. He had courage 
without pride, and was fond of liberty without licentiousness* His 
ambition taught him to court dangers ; his resolution to surmount 
them : and his officers and crew, convinced of his knowledge, and 
adniinng his generosity, were impatient to flatter his attention, by 
the most unequivocal marks of their submission and zeal. The eleva- 
tion of his sentiments procured him admiration in every situation 
of life. Whilst he was liberal as a superior, he was still more so as a 
friend. His heart, alive to the most virtuous sensibilities, indulge4 
itself in a6^ions the most generous. To his fncnd he was ever ready to 
sacrifice his fortune and his ease : it was not slightly that he formed his 
opinions, and he did not easily abandon^hem. 

He had a talent for poetry ; and was not insensible to the elegance 
of the fine arts. He wrote verse with a degree of success, and not 
unfrequcntly discovered marks of genius, that would have done credit 
to a more experienced writer. His judgment was solid, and yet hia 
imagination was warm. He formed his purpose without delay, and 
put it in execution with ardour. He was perftftly free from dupli- 
city. Nature intended his a£iions to arise from an honest impulse* 
and all his knowledge of the world could not seduce him into corrup- 
tion. At the age of forty years he concluded an honourable career 
in this life ; and left his relations and friends to lament his memory 
with an unavailing sorrow and regret. 



COKRtSPOHDtHCB* J} 

Ult. BDlTORf 

WHEN foreign timber is at so very high a pric€> the following 
method of rendering home-grown equally useful as foreign wood, by- 
Mr. JoBM Chalmers^ archtted, at Torryi in Scotland, seems to be 
worthy of the attention of the Mavy* 

^< After cutting tt down from the 8tock9 take off the outer bark 
immediately^ and ako the inner rind clean to the wood. Cut it up to 
tiw dtferent purposes for which it may be wanted, viz. scantlings for 
mofing, jolstingsy planks, deals, &c. and, after preparing them for the 
* diflerent uses for which they are intended, steep them in lime water for 
a few days (I mean in water in which lime shells have been skcked), 
or pave them over with a little of the Ume along with the water when 
the shdSs are dissolved in it. The hotter it is used after the lime it 
slacked, the better. It will answer equally well for round trees. I 
have been, for these great number of years past, in use to take down 
and rq>air both ancient and modern buildings, in which a good deal of 
home or -Soot's fir had been used in different parts of the buildings 
but I never found one inch either rotten or worm-eaten, where it was 
b the least coniie6):ed with the lime, and kept dry. On the contrary^ 
I found it harder, more firm and entire, than when first used.'* 

Yours, 8lCs 

MR, EDITOR, 

IT was originally the custom to' serve seamen with their allowance 
of spirits undiluted : the method, now in use, of adding water to it« 
was first introduced by Admiral Vernon in 1740, and obtained the 
appellatton of Gro^, This was a great improvement ; for the quan- 
tity of half a pint, which is the daily legal allowance to each man, 
will intoxicate most people to a considerable degree, i£ taken at once 
in a pure state* 

The superiority of wine t>vcr spirits in any shape was so conspt. 
cuous,that towards tlic end of the war, the Fleets in the West Indies 
and North America were supplied with nothing but wnie, and with 
a success sufficient to encourage tlie continuance of the same pra(flice 
in future. 

A CONSTANT RSADER. 



« 



C $♦ 3 

NAVAL LITERATURE. 



A Mushaary Vojage to the Sombem PaciJSe Ocsant prnfomuJ in ik Ttart 
1796, 17971 and 17989 in the Shif Duff^ eemmmded by CaftmB 
James WUseru Complied from Jmtmak of the OJhert^ ami the 
MissioMfies \ and Uhutrated with Maftt Charts ^ aud Vuws ; drawn 
hy Mr, WtUiam Hudson, and engraved hy the most eminent Artists : 
muth a Preliminary Discourse on the Geography and History of tho 
Sonih Sfa Islands : and an Appenaixy inclnding Details ne-ver beforr 
pnblished of the Natural and Cl<v'd State ofOtaheite* By a Committer 
appointed for the purpose under the DireSors of the Missionary Society * 

' 4II0. ^10 Pages. 2/. 21. Fine Paper ^ iL is. Common Paper, i799» 
Chapman* 

'"T^HE paper and letter-press in this volume are excellent^ 
•*" and the charts, maps, views, &c. (thirteen in all) are 
well executed. The volume is divided into four parts, viz* 
the Introduftory Discourse ; dircftions; the Journal striftly 
so termed, and the Appendix* 

The IntrodihSlory Discourse is calculated to extend the 
boundaries of the science of geography ; but the history, 
though instruflive and amusing, is, we think, too detailed. Had 
experience furnished the surest foundation for the important 
fkwls stated, tliey could only be interesting to navigators wha 
may touch at those Islands. — Tlie Instructions to Captain 
Wilson are well drawn up*-»The voyagers being unable to 
double Cape Horn, were obliged to shape a circuitous course 
for some thousands of miles. 

Drawing near the region of their destination, the settlement 
of the Missionaries in the three groups of islands, (the 
Friendly, tlie Marquesas, and the Society Islands,) is dis* 
cussed, and finally settled : — when twenty-five of their 
number, inclnding five women and two children, were sent 
to Otahelte \ ten to Tongr,taboQ ; and Vko for Santa Christiana ; 
at which places they were safely landed* 

An exaft map of Otahcite is given in the work : This-. 
island is situated in the seventeenth and eighteenth degrees 
of south latitude, and about one hundred and fifty west 
longitude* For the salubrity of the air, its abundance of fine 



NATAL'LlflRAtrURB. . 55 

water, spontaneous produftions of the soil, the rich and 
romantic appearances of thecbuntfy^it has been denominated 
the Queen of Islands. Its staple commodities are the bread 
frait, cocoa nuts, hogs, fish, and fo^l, in great abundance— 
with other plants and roots of tropical growth. The natives 
are unacquainted with the use of money ; one of them re- 
jeded with contempt the oflfer often new guineas for an axe* 
Their goyo-nment, if such it may be called, has some faint 
traces of a monarchy j they have a king by hereditary suc- 
cession, und6r whom are a number of chiefs over the several 
distriSs. The Missionaries were daily loaded with presents. 
Nor was tliis a sudden impulse of hospitality ; for when 
Captain Wilson returned from the Islands where the other 
Missionaries were stationed, at the expiration offour months, 
the report on the Journal runs thus : " They had, in general^ 
enjoyed good health ; the natives had constantly observed 
the same respedful behaviour towards them as at the first ; 
and had never failed, for a day, to supply them abundantly 
with all kinds of provisions. — From the little experience 
they had gained of the people, they supposed the,m teachable ; 
and though rooted in the traditions and prejudices of their* 
ancestors, they hoped that a knowledge of the language, and 
perseverance in their duty, would have a great effed upon tlic 
rising generation." 

Captain Cooke*s statement must have been greatly exagge- 
rated, as appears from a comparison of the number of in- 
habitants in other islands, in the South Sea, where the fatal 
distempers are not found, that are prevalent at Otaheite : his 
estimate is two hundred thousand ; Captain Wilson says, it is 
no more at present than about sixteen thousand : a depopu- 
lation hardly credible. 

The Appendix gives a very particular account of Otaheite— 
its government, ranks in society, property, priesthood, 
amusements, singular customs, birds, fishery, plants, trees, 
and shrubs. 

The whole of the work is replete with good sense, abounds 
with curious anecdotes, and will amply repay tlie labour of 
every reader, with interest and instru£tion« 



[ 56 3 



Bright-eyM Fancy, hirv'riDg o'er, 

Kcattcn from her piflhur'd Urn 

I'houghu that brestlke, and Wcnb that ham. I 

EXTRACTS FROM A POEM 

ADDRBSSED TO ADMIRAL KBPFEL IN THB TBAR I 779 ••► 

FORTH from that oozy bed, and coral care. 
Where the grpat seaman found his wat'ry grare. 

Comes Drakb, — ^whosc Flag, by Glory's hand vmlEorfd, 

TracM the first circle roiind th'' astonish'd world— ^ 

And the great Seaman of our later days, 

Anson, who born a sunk Marine to raise, 

Rcform'd our fleets, and sent them to proclalia 

Around The Globe, famlh'ar with his name. 

His guiding genius, and his Country's fame. 

•—What men soe'er her seats of council fill. 

The Brave must feel, she is their Country still ; 

Let them for her the worst of perils dare. 

And never, never of the State despair !— 

Yet British Virtue, theme of noblest song ! 

Strong in her fleets, and in her armies strong, 

I^ike the firm cement of an ancient tower. 

Defies the rage of Time, and ev'ry hostile powV. 

This virtue still, the bard's peculiar care, 

Shall prompt the patriot song, and martial pray'r : 

«* Thou ! God of Hosts I whose sacred breath imparts 

Valour's unclouded flame to British hearts ; 

Whose hand has spread our triumphs round the globe. 

And drest the Queen of Isles in glory's goigeous robe : 

May thy protecting spintf still the same. 

Sustain her tou'ring on the throne of Fame ! 

With Hawkins + ; names, by Charity coxifest 
The generous founders of her Naval Chest ! 
The great cbastisers of invading Spain : 
Howard, the leader of that patriot train ; 

• The author, thoujrh a writer of great repute, puhlithed It without his namr ; 
it was printed for Fielding and Walker, price a a. 410. 123 lines. 

t Sir FranciB Drake, and Sir John Hawkins, were institutori of the Che«t at 
Chmhain. For the origin of this nav*J fuRd, see the 487th page of the Chcj*- 
cicie, 'volume the first. 



NA?AL LITEHATVRft* 57 

MoKSOKf whose pen his own bright labours erown'd ; 

And Blakb^ for Roman discipline renown 'd ; 

Monk, at whose tomb both Earth and Ocean weep. 

Great in the Fields and greater on the Deep ; — 

Undaunted Atscve ; Sprag, by Dryden sung ; 

RussBLy whose arm the bolts of Freedom flung 

On that proud Gallic Fleets which dar'd to bring 

A Tyrant's aid to an i^postate King ; 

Hj{ii9SRT9 to whom the wora-ou^ Seaman owes 

A Public Refuge, and well earn'd rf^pose ; 

Bbnbow^ whom wounds but animate to fame. 

Whose great soul triumphed o'er his shattered franje ; 

CLO^DBSLYy illrstarr'd! with Him *, whose deeds remaia 

Grav'd on the conqyer'd Rock of humbled Spain|i 

And Justice prove, that Truth will ne'er depart 

FrQm her firm seat, the genuine Sailor's heart. 

Ycy our Island's pride, and Nature's boast ! 

Whose peerless valour guards, and gilds our Coast } 

Ye gallant Seamen, in this trying hour. 

Remember Union is the Soql of Power ; 

Your injur'd Country bids ypu join to throw 

Avenging thunders on your common foe ; 

Let Anger scorn the rancorous debate. 

The low and little jars of private hate ; 

And nobly sacrifice each selfish aim, 

On the bright Altar of Britannia's Fame, 

PPSCRIPTION OF A STORM, 
From Adriamo or, Thb First of JyNBj 

BT J>R. MURXilS. 

SO from the shore they launch'd* 
Bpund to no pott, but destin'd on a cruise, 
A morning's cruise for fish : Pleas'd was the youth ; 
With utmost joy he saw the wood recede, 
Beheld his cottage dwindled to a speck, 
Observ'd the snow white difis to right and left 
Unfolding their wide barrier to his view. 
And felt the boat bound quickly o'er the waves. 
Light as a cork. He took the helm, rejoic'd. 
And right before the wind held on his course 
ynheeding I 'Twas in vain his busy firiends 

* Sir George Rooke. 

mi. Ill; I 



5V NATAb LiTIRATOlt* 

AdviVd a different course^ to gain with eaMf 
The shore he left. He cafeleasly went on, 
And never dreamM of danger and delay 
Never experienc'd. Fast into the waves 
Sinks the far distant ^ore . The lofty clifF 
Stoops to the water, and his hoary brow 
At cv'ry wave seems buried in the flood* 
And now the gloomy doads coUeA. A Storm 
Comes mutt'ring o'er the deep, and hides the sun« 
Hush'd is the breeze, and the high-lifted wave» 
Portending speedy danger, to the shore 
In lurid silence rolls. In tenfold gloom 
The stormy South is wrapt, and his grim frtmn 
fmparts unusual horror to the deep« 
Now to the shore too bte young Gilbert turns. 
The breeze is sunk, and o'er the mountain waves 
Labours the bark in vain. To the stout oar 
The fisher and his son repair, and pull, 
Alarm'd for safety, 'till their flowing brows 
Trickle with dew. And oft the anxious youth 
Looks back amaz'd, and sees the light'ning playj^ 
And hears the thunder, and beholds a sea 
Ready to burst upon him. Oft he thinks 
Of Anna and Sophia, and of thee, 
Much-lov'd Maria, and thy aged sire. 
Never perhaps again to walk with you. 
To hear you speak, to live upon your smiles. 
Ye hapkss pair ! what shall become of you. 
No brother to defend you, and no father ? 
" But fast the storm increases. The strong flash 
Incessant gleams upon the curling wave. 
Round his dar^ throne, in awful majesty. 
The thunder marches ; his imperious roar 
Shakes the proud arch of heav'n. And now the shower 
Begins to drop, and the unsteady gust 
Sweeps to the shore, and stoops the flying boat 
E'en to the brink. Small distance then) my friends, 
'Twixt life and death ; a mere hair's breadth ; and yet 
Far, very far, appears the wish'd-for port. 
And lo ! beneath yon rocks, now seen, now lostj 
Buried in foam, and high, the milky surge 
Rolls its proud catara^ along the shore. 
Access denying* To the frowning cliff 



)kAT4i:« I.ITS&ATUR8. 59 

A]^pi](iaGh not. Murk the strong recoiling wave $ 
£'en to the base of the high precipice. 
It plui^esbeadlongy and the sted&st hill 
Wears with eternal batterer. No bark 
Of forty times your strength, in such a sea 
Could live a moment ! 'Tw«re enough to wreck 
A British Navy, and her stoutest oak 
Shiver to atoms. 



THE SAILOR. 

ST MR. ROGERS. 

THE Sailor sighs, as sinks his native shore. 
As all its lessening turrets bluely fade ; 
He climbs the mast to £east his eyes once more. 
And busy Fancy fondly lends her aid. 

Ah ! now, each dear, domestic acene he knew 

Recalled and cherish'd in a foreign dime. 

Charms with the magic of a moon-light view. 
Its colours mellow'd, not impair'd, by time. 

True as the needle, homeward points his heart. 
Thro' all the horrors of the stormy main ; 

This the last wUi with which its waimth could part, 
To meet the jmiie of her he loves again. 

When Morn first faintly draws her silver line, 
Or Eve's grey cloud descends to drink the wave ; 

When sea and sky in midnight darkness join. 
Still, still he views the parting look she gave. 

Her gentle spirit, lightly hov'ring o'er. 
Attends his little bark from Pole to Pole ; 

And, when the beating billows round him roar. 
Whispers sweet hope to soothe his troubled souL 

Carv'd is her name in many a spicy grove. 
In many a plantain forest, waving wide. 

Where .dusky yonths, in painted plumage rove, 
And. giant patma o'er-arch the yellow tide. 

But lo ! at last , he comes with crowded sail ! 

Lo ! o'er the cliff what eager figures bend ! 
And, hark ! what mingled murmurs swell the gale, 

In each he hears the welcome of a friend. 



I 



6o NATAL' LiTS&ATMt* 

'Ti9 sbe, 'tis she herself! she waves her haiuL 
Soon is the anchor casti the canvas furl'd } 

Soon thro' the whitening surgci he sprang to land. 
And clasps the niaid he singled from the world. 



TO THE EDITOR Of THE NAVAL dHROmCLM. 

By inserting the following tributes of respeft to the memory of three celdirate^ 
Naval Chandert, yon will oblige, Sir, 

Tonr most obedient lervanty 

wh. case. 

TO THE MEMOJtr 

OF CAPTAIN BURGES9, 

LAtn OF HIS majesty's ship TBI AlDBlIT* 

«' Mnltis ille bonis flebilis occidU ! 

THEE, gallant Burgess ! thee Britannia rank'id 
Amongst her naval heroes : it was thine 
Calmly- to brave the fiery stonn of war. 
Thy Couhtry's rights defend* and add fresh lustre 
To thy SoveneCgn's reign ; but heaven ordatn'd» 
That thou should'st M— 4n giory't bosom fall*-* 
On that illustrtOQs day, when Albion's tars» 
S7 Duncan led on coast of Campcrdown, 
Claim'd 'mid the thickening horrors of the fight 
Their Country's grateful bve 1 

O ! hadst thou' known 
The issue of the combat, e'er thy soul 
This nether sphere had left, more cheerfully 
Thy breath Ladst thou resign'd, like Wolfe exclaiming 
<* 1 expire content !'* 

*-FarcweU 
Thou brave Commander ! Ne'er coidd'st thou have died 
More honour'd, more lamented, more bdov'd. 
Tor thee the tear each Seaman's check bedews* 
And patriot thousands o'er thy tomb shall mourn ! 



ifAYAt LiTElATV&B. 6t 

TO THE MEMOJtr 

OF CAPTAIN WESTCOtT, 

irnO FELL ON board the MAJE8TIC9 FIRST OF AUGUST l^(^S^ 

WHILST every sWe re- echoes Nelson's name. 

And recent triumphs swell Britannia's fame ; 

Whilst a glad Nation's lo ^oeaiM rise 

In grateful chorus to the vaulted skies 1 

O ! let the Muse lament brave Wbstcott's doom. 

And strew fair laurels o'er his briny tomb !— - 

Nurtur'd in youth upon tlie wat'ry plain , 

He brav'd the tkoosand perils of the main. 

And gain'd at length a tkle justly due. 

The honour'd Father of his gallant ovew*— ^' 

Prudence was his, and unremitting zeal^ 

And mercy — prompt a captive's woes to heal; 

His Country's cause his ardent bos )m fir'dy 

And in that cause he fbught**ke feU — ezpir'd i 

TO THE MMMOJtr OF 

RICHARD EARL HOWE, K. G. 

t&TB LORD itlGH ADMIRAL OF OR.BAT BRITA1K« 

ADIEU, dioa yet'ran Chief I to thee l!he Muse 
In untaught notes her grateful meed shtdl pay : 

Ah ! ne'er, when Vaknir cafls, will she refuse 
To strike ihe trembling chords, to poor the living lay* 

Thou, hears'd in death, shalt hear no more 

On the TexM deep the rocking whirlwind rave ; 

Nor thundec^s loudest peid, nor cannon's roar, 
E'er broke the riknt Sabbath of the grave i 
Vet, bending from yon bright empyreal sphere^ 

Where BUss Eternal glads the heav'nly Hoet^ 
O ! may thy sainted spirit hoTer near. 

The guardian angel of onr sea-girt coaalt! 
Lo ! a bold phalanx, arm'd in Freedom's cause. 
Proud to maintain their parent monarch's laws! 

Into their souls thy godlike ardor breathe : 
Teach them on Glory's eagle plumes to soar ; 
The patriot's guerdon gain, decreed of yore ; 

Whilst beams of sapphire light their haUow'd brows ia^ 
wreathe I 



t 6i ] 

PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS, 
AND USEFUL NAVAL PROJECTS. 

Bosquet's Patent Measttrefor the better Preservation of His Majest/i 
Ships f and all Trading VesseUtfrom thai rapid D^cay to which they 
are at present Su^e8 : and for effeQually avoiding the intoIeralJt 
Nmsance and destruQkfe EffeSs of Rats on hoard Ships ; and also for 
the Prevention of Leatage, or mating Bilge Water ^ l£c, l^c» ; with 
Observations thereon. By Abraham Bosquet, Esq, Patentee^ late 
one of his Majesty's Commissaries of the Musters* 

THE discoTcry of a sovereign remedf for a great eivl, nittst ever be 
considered amongst the best offices vfakh can be conferred on 
Society, especially vi4iere the remedy is not attended with any incon- 
renience or material expeitce. 

The evils and inconTenicnctes hereafter mentioned have long existed, 
and are attended with the most destrutUve consequences to Ships, their 
provisioait and merchandise, and the health of seamen. 

The following simple and salutary measure is not attended with any 
comparatively material txpence, and will, I trust, appear at first view 
to be adequate, in the fullest extent, to the desired end, and of course 
meet the approbation and adoption of this great maritime and commer- 
cial Country ; if ignorance and envy, which are ever on the watch to 
stifle in the birth a new and useful objedk, do not interfere. 

The rapid decay of Ships, ^md their perpetual repairs, artf attended 
with an enormous espence, both to the nation and individual, and 
claim the most serious attention ; particularly as the oak of this country, 
which is the best of all others, cannot much longer supply the increasing 
demand for it«-^The waste in provisions, and other destructive eflFedlsy 
occasioned by rats on board Ships, are of inconceivable magnitude, and 
for which no remedy has keretofbre occurred : six fuD grown rats 
will eat as much as a man of good appetite ; and it is well known that 
a rat will devour nearly twice its weight in twenty- four hours, which 
is more than any other animal, we know of, can do ; they besides 
generally destroy as much as they consume. 

The perpetual danger and labour attendant upon leakage" in Ships, 
c<\nnot be prevented by caulking, or any other precaution hitherto 
used, though frequently the loss of the Ship is the consequence, and 
much injury to the cargo always ensues ; nor is the foul, damp, and 
stagnated air in Ships, unwocthy every consideration which can afford 
redress. To apply at once a sovereign remedy to all those evils, un- 
attended with a single inconvenience^ will, I trusty be deemed a benefit 
of the first National importance. 



PHILOtorniCAL PAPBRS, £5 

AH tfaeiiy that 18 necessary to be done for the attainment of those 
imponant ofe^dlsy is the occapying or filling up the void spaces be* 
tween the planks, Kntng, and timbers of the Ship, to which the platxks 
are boundi with hot ormehed pitch ; tempered as £ar as found neccssary 
with a doe yet umaU proportion of tar, to render the pit^h leas brittle^ 
and more teaacious ; mixed with cork shavings^ charcoal dusty a certain 
^aantity of ox hair^ and such other articles as would make the composi<P 
tkm finn» adhesive, and almost everksting : but in those parts where 
timbers are remote, pieces of cork wood, or slips of deal, may be 
introduced^ wbich will render the less pitch, ^c. necessary in those 
spaces, and at the same time diminish its weight* This measure will 
e£k£laa]ly prevent rats from finding an habitation on board Ships ; 
as these recesses are their strong hold, where they cannot be come at, 
or annoyed, and where they carry their plunder, breed, die, and rot ; 
the bad efiefis of which are too often sensibly felt. To this composi- 
tion rats have an aversion, and never touch it in any manner if they caq 
avoid it. 

The Composition being run in hot between the timbers, &c. at cer- 
tain stages, as the planking and lining are put on, or carried up, will 
insinuate itself into every crevice or minute space, where even air or 
water could find a place, from the gunnel to the keel. ' The Qperatioo 
may be performed with great expedition and facility, as well on Ships 
already built, as on those building. 

How far these spaces, being so filled up, may stiffen the Ship, I 
know not ; but I think, that the interior parts» in which the nails, 
pins, bolts, and trimnels are inserted, as well as these themselves being 
much longer preserved from decay, they must not only maintain their 
strength and soundness, but retain their holds', and remain firm and 
unshaken in the timbers to a much greater <xtent of time, and of 
pourse die Ship maintain her stifi&iess in consequence thereof; but> 
to a certainty, it will have the important eSe^ of wholly pre- 
venting bilge water and small leaks, which result from straining, 
want of caulking, &c* &c. and perhaps render caulking altogether un- 
necessary. 

This Composition will have the efFe6l of so much ballast, in the best 
position in which ballast could be placed, as it will nearly o<;cupy the 
centre of motion ; and in case of the Ship filling by any accident^ 
would operate as a buoyant body in the Ship, and occupy the recep- 
tacle of several tons of water, which would otherwise find place be- 
tween the timbers. 

This measure will most essentially conduce to keep Ships sweet and 
dry, and effe6budly preserve the planks, timbers, &c« perhaps to a 
Rouble extent of time from that decay, to which they are at present 



^4 rBlLOSOPHlCAL PAFIM. 

nbjt6^ ; occaiioiicdby the injuiioui effcds of the w^etf whlcli ii ataS 
times disposed to insinuate itself, rotting the pins, iron bolts, trunnels, 
iLC oosing through the lining, to the injury of the cargo^ in conta^. 
therewith, leaving a damp and sliiny matter behind, and rendering the 
9ir i« thcae spaces^ already foul, of the most noxious quality ; and 
wbkh no vcntilatioa ^n, even for the moment^ sufficiently purify* 
It will akoy I fadieve, be obvious that foundering can rarely happen to 
Ships SQ fiNTtifiedi not only because their sidea will be nearly aa stapnch 
aa if there was not a joint or seam throughout^ but even in case of a bad 
leak at any time finding its way into the Ship» it would be at once dia* 
covered, as it could not drip down between the plankii and liming ; but 
9f course would shew itself at (he part admitting the water : I am of 
optnsos, that Ships in general would not mal^e a quart of water^ where 
they at present receive a ton. 

This Compoaitioni being light, firm, elastic, and adhesifc, will yield 
with the planks, timbers, &c« in all dispositions to warp or strain ; and 
thereby prevent the Ship making water at her seams, when she migl^t 

Qtheryri^ fill; 

^To he cwtclmJti in our fi^x/%} 



Description of a Method tropoitd for sating the Li*ves of the Crews, 

of Ships ntfrtchedon Umnbabtted Coasts. 

SUFPOSB a wreck to happm oa some inhospitable shore, where 
there are none to assist or witness the distiess of the Ship and her 
^ew, it is in vain that any mode be adopted to convey on shore a rope» 
since there is no method of securing it when there* To surmount this 
difficulty is the objed of my plan. 

Fig. 1. represents a floating stage, or raft, composed of several of 
the largest empty water casks, hshcd together in the manner shevnift 
and further secured by deals n^Jkd thereon, as described by a^aaaa 
Tig. I and 3, affording additional strength, at the same time faking 
a more convenient stage for th^ meuj oa whatever may be stowed 
thereon* 

Fig. a and jy shew the manner separately of securing the casks ; 
4, 5, and 6, side and end representations of the stage, with ao^ anchor 
stowed on Fig. 6. 

When the stage is completed, I propose it should be manned with aa 
many hands as it will with safety bear, and sent on shore, where (bang 
a lee shore) there is little doubt but it will soon arrive ; and from th^ 
form of the casks there is not that chance of sudden de8tru6tion which 
must inevitably attend boats, when by this resource they may b^ 
preserved for future service. 



■y_ 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPE&t. 6$ 

It' Will be necessary to constnift two of those stages, ' onr Tor the 
men. the other for the reception of an anchor, as shewn by Fig. 6 9 
which anchor I intend for the purpose of securing the hawser, which 
is to be the means of preserving the remainder of the crew, as shewn by 

Supposing thi^ anchor, and as many men as may be thought requi- 
site, to have attained the shore, let them proceed in the best manner 
that circumstances will permit, to place the anchor behind some piece 
of rock, or in such manner as they, from their situation, may see 
proper. In the mean time, let the hands on board throw over another 
singk cask, to which must be securely attached a small rope ; which 
being conveyed to land by the cask, and its inner end made fast to the 
principal cablet, or hawser, will serve for the men on shore to have it 
from the Ship ; then let them instantly proceed to bend it to the an- 
chor, and the hands on board to secure it there. 

If the distance from' the Ship. to the shore is so great as to require 
more hawsers than one, they should, if possible, be spliced together 
with a long splice, in order to admit of a block traversing thereon, aa 
shewn by Fig. 9* 

I now suppose an hawser on shore, and securely fixed ; but as h 
would be produ6live of greater advantage by being ekvated as muchaa 
possible above the water, I propose, that the end on board be made 
£i8t, and extend from the mast-head, as shewn by Fig. 9, unless she 
should iinfortuniftdy have lost her m^ts 1 in which case let it be made 
hat to the bowsprit- end, or highest part of the Ship, as shewn b^^ 
Fig. to* In addition to its elevation on board, I would propose its 
being raised on shore as soon as circumstances will admit, by means oF 
sheers composed of such spars, 6cc. as may have been washed on shorCt 
or otherwise convey^ there. 

By the method here described, I have Kttle doubt but it may be 
pra&icable not only to convey on shore with safety all the men, but 
likevrise such part of hev stores as may be most desired, if not the 
whole, even the guns, &c. If the distance from the shore is not toa 
great, by means of a poUple of blocks, as described by Fig. 9 ; the 
vpper, a singly block to nin upon the hawser ; the lower, a double 
block : by this meansj the boats may be conveyed to land in safety, 
by slinging them, as described by Fig. 7 and 8, Tbe blocks should 
have a small rope attached to tb^m, to serve as an in and out hawlcr^ 

^s the rotundity of the caslcs may cause the lashing to become slack 
In some parts^ would recommend its being secured by a few staples^, 
where it may appear requisite. 

Shotdd the rope used to preserve the men, &c. be too large to admit 
|i singk block uDon it, capable of bearing the greatest weight^i such aa 



66 tniLosotnickj, vapem* 

gunsy Bcc. the jib traveller may be substituted ; the only iaconventeh^ic 
attending it will be fridion» which should be avoided as much as 
possible in favour of ease and expedition* However, thoae are expe- 
dienta better pointed out by the necessity &r adopting them than by 
supposition. 

^ould the wr^ck happen on an inhabited coast, the same mode of 
preservation may be adopted, because a heavy sea on a lee shore must 
inevitably destroy every boat that ventures towards it ; but the de* 
strudion is not so }ikely to happen to the casks, they being better 
enabled, from their construction, to repel or sustain every shock : the 
most convincing proof of which is, the number of casks, both empty 
and full» which are daily taken up along the coast perfedly sound* 
And even should they be finally destroyed, it is of less consequence than 
the boats» which by being preserved will ultimately prove an invaliu 
able acquisition. 

As there is always a sufficient quantity of old and new cordage oq 
board* and other materials for the construdion of those stages, nei 
additional expence is incurred thereby* fiot should I be so fortunate 
as even to have afforded an hint towards effedting the desirable cBd» 
would farther offer as an improvement the following suggestion, in 
order to remove a difficulty which might arise from there not being 
any single blocks on board sufficiently large to receive the hawser, o( 
support the burthens which may be suspended from it. 

That there be provided for the use of the Navy a machine, as de- 
scribed by Fig. 1 1, which is both simple in its construdion, and of 
trifling expencCf when compared to its utility. One is suffident for 
each Ship. The sheave may either be of wood or iron ; but in my 
opinion the latter is preferable. 

I would farther recommend, that the required hawser be secured ta 
ihe mast-head, or elsewhere, upon thcjtrst appearance of approaching 
danger, as it will save time and confusion should the dreaded event 
take place ; and the preparation qannot be thought unnecessary, should 
Providence kindly avert the danger. 

Care nmst be taken to secure the bung.holes* 

The largest casks are called leagers, and are of the following di- 
mensions : 

Length -.••..46 

Diameter of Bouge - r * 3 ^ 

Chine • . . a 5 , 

by whichit is easy to compute the number of casks required to make & 
suge sufficiently extensive to answer any purpose whatever. 



I 8; 3 



■- — ■ r 



ADMXVALTY 6priCI, SIFT. if. 
ddiMral^Z^rd Dunatttf Cepvnwdir 
Uify atui f^esseh in the North Sea, to Evan Kffean, £iq. dated the x^tb instant. 

T TRANSMIT, for the informatioi;! o£ my Lords Commisstooers of the 
Admiralty, a letter from Captain Qmnianney, of his Majesty** sloop Biuf, 
nrio^ an acconot of bjs having, with hit usual alacrity, captured and sent in 
Sere L.e Dragon, French liigger privateer, of x6 gans, belonging to Dunkirlp 

1 am, Sir, &c. 

DUNCAN. 

MT LORD, Itis Majesty* » Sltifi Bttsy^ Tarmtutb Roads y Sept, 1 8. 

I have the hoaoar to inform yoiir Lordship, thatoa the i6th inst. 1 perceiv* 
ed a lugger running close alo^g the l^utch coast, and alter a short chac« ^n^$^ 
her so doae in shore, that she was anchored in the midst of a very heavy surf» 
ahont five miles to the Southward of Egmonc. Upon anchoring his Majesty's 
sloop close alongside of her, the colours were struck-t and though I scarcely 
entertained a hope of saving her, by the skill and good management ^f Mr. 
peirmat, the First JLieutensuit, she was speedily got off.- Ten of the crew of 
the lugger, to effed their escape, took to the boat, eight of whom were drowa- 
ed by die violence of the surf. She is named Le Dragon, commanded by 
CIcoyen Liard mounts two twelve-pound carronades, and fourteen long foa^- 
ponnders, eight of which were thrown overboard. She was returning to Duii- 
kick from the Coast of Norway, 

J. A. OMJyiANNEY. 

Co^ofa Latter fiu^the SmrtSt. Fineent^ JT. M. Admiral of ibi fVbite^ tft, to Evan 

Nepeam^ Efq, dated the ijtb inf^. 

I enclose, for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, 
• letter 1 have received from Captain Brenton of his Majesty's sloop Speedyt 
giving an account of the capture of three Spanish armed vessels. 

ST. VINCENT. 

MT LORD, Speedy, GihraUar^ Aug. ai, 1 799. 

\ have the honour td Inform your Lordship, that on the 9th inst. in company 
with the defender British privateer, of Gibraltar, of fourteen guns, we captured 
the Spanish armed vessels, as per margin * after an a&ion of two hours and an 
half. Upon seeing us they ran into a small sandy Bay, five leagues to th^ 
Eastward of Cape de Gatte, and moored in a close line, within a boat's length 
of the beach : we engaged theni an hour and three quarters under sail, before 
we could gain soundings, although not more than a cable's length distant from 
the rocks ; but finding the enemy had much the advantage, from our constant 
change of position, I determined to push for an anchorage, and was fortunate 
enough to efieA one within pistol-shot of the centre vessel : after three quartern 
of anrhour close aAion, the Spaniards took to their boats, cuttinff the cables (^ 
two of the vessels, which drove on shore ; they were, however, sul brought off 
by our boats, nnder a constant fire of musquetry from the hills. 

The privateer, having but twenty-two men, was obliged to stand out to pro^ 
cure assistatice,from a boat she had in the ^fiing, and comd not reach the ancho- 
rage till the conclusion of the adion. The condud of her Commander wae 
highly meritorious throughout, and must have considerably accelerated thf 
event. The Officers and men under my command behaved in such a manner 
IS would have ensured our success against a more formidable enemy. 

The Speedy had but two men wounded, the Defender one, neither danecrone* 
We found two men dead on boa^d the Spaniards* The remainder of their 
crews escaped on shore. 

JAH. BRENTON. 

* Santo Christo de Gracia, eight guns, six and nine-pounden* 
. Natne unknown, ten gnns, six and nine-poimdert. 
Name unknowsi four gunsi sixes. 



XDK IRALTT OrriCI, «1PT. %4. 

C*fy*fa Letter from Andrew MitcheH, Eiq* Vue Admiral »f tie Mint, /• M» Nepetut^ 
Mif- dated M hoard its Majesty's Ship /its, near the VUiter^ Sept. 10, 1 799* 

. I beg leave to tnnimit, for the infafrmation of my Lords Comminioiiert of 
ibe Admiralty^.the iocloMd eztra^ of a letter I received from Csptain Portlocki 
<>f his Majesty's aloop Arrow, giving an accooAt of the clpture of a ship ana 
brig of superior forcf . The gaUuitry and good condud displayed on the occa^ 
slon by Captains Portlock and £olton, uicir QfScers via. ships' Companies; 
vierit my higher praiie nd thaaka. A. liVtCHBSX,- 

SIR, 

• I have the honour to state to yo^ that in obedieace to yonr ord^r of the 9^h 
instant, I immediately got under weigh, accompanied by the Wdhrerene, and 
proceeded on the service .you did me uic particular honour to entrust to my care. 
On the evening of that day, the tide of flood being done, we anchored 
abreast of the Texel, aiid on the afternoon of the following day we anchored 
on the edge of the Flack or Flat, abreast of Wieringen : at this anchorage I 
Ibund it necessary to lighten the ship, which was very speedily done, bringing^ 
ker from twelve feet eight inches to twelve feet, and on the day following we 
turned over the Flack, carrying shoal watet from one side to the other. On the 
morning of the Z2th inst. we weighed again, and proceeded on lor the Fly 
Island, on approaching Which we saw a ship and brig at anchor in the narrow 
passage leading from the Fly Island towards Hariingen : it was soon perceived 
they were vessels of force, and bearing the Batavian Republic colours ; we 
approached, the British and ancient Dutch coloors flying together, iiatil withinf 
half gun shot of the brig, she being the nearest to us, without either of thenv 
changing their colours : the Dutch colours Tt^ere then hauled down, and I made 
iht signal to engage the enemy as conndng up with them, meamog the Wolve-^ 
x%Sk€ to engage the bri^ and to pass on to the ship myself. 

Captain Bolton anchored his ship in the most maiterly and gallant manner^ 
and just in the position I could have wished, which was •n his weather quarter, 
at a quarter of a cable distance, and so as to have enabled me, bad it beenf 
hecessa|ry, to give the enemy a broadside in passing, without annoying the ^^'ol- 
verenc, aAd aJFter heaving on his spring vntil his broadside bore on the brig, 
fired one shot just to try his disposiiioa, upon whieh the enemy Ared tSiree guiza' 
to leeward and hauled down his c<7loars. 

I made the signal for the Wolverene to take charge of the priscr atod desired 
the Officer wttit on board to send her pilot to condod the Arrow to the ship, 
(my Dutch pih>ts having declined the charge; and requested of Ca^ain Folton 
to follow me io the Jettiqg Passage, where the skip lay, and then pushed on 
towards her. We had to turn to windward towards the enemy against a strong 
]ee tide, which retarded otir -progress much ; she lay with springs on her cables, 
and her broadside opposed direaly to oftr approach, and for twenty minutea 
before v/t could bring a gon to bear with eflect on her, annoyed Us very much,' 
and cut us up a good deal in the hull, sails, and rigging ; but after bringing the 
ship up by the stem and head in a very narrow pas&age at about a quarter of a 
cubk from him, the contest became shiart, but was shcTt, for she struck in abouc 
fifteen minutes after we commenced our fire upon her, and just before the 
Wolverene (which was pressing in the most gallant manner td my aid) came up. 
I sent my l-'ir^t Lieut, to take possession of her, and found her to be the Bataviatf 
Republic guard-ship De Draak, commanded by Captain-Lieutenant Van Ksch« 
^ounting 24 guns, 16 of them long Dutch eightccn-pounders, two long Ene:- 
li&h thirty-two pounders, six fifty pound howitzers, and i So men. From the 
howitzers I rather suppose Langridge was fired, as scvc-al pieces of iron were 
picked up iri the ship after the adion was over. Our loss in killed and 
ti'ounded (considering the length of time we had to advance on her under every 
disadvantage, such a» being exposed to her raking fire for about twenty minutes," 
tvorking shio in a very narrow na^^igation, shortening sail, and anchoring) i^ 
Tcry small, having only to lament at present the death of one brave man j 
there arc nine wounded, some of them badly, and myself slightly in the left knee". 
The loss of the enemy 1 have not as yet been able to ascertain ; two dead and 
three badly wounded were found on board her, and from the appearance of great 
quantities of blood, &c. covered wiA Urpaulins, which Capt. Bolton discovci- 



OAZBTTS LSTTEtS^ 71 

<r4 T am M to think hta been rery considerable : indeed some of them con- 
iSess that a number of them were put into a boat and sent to Harlingen imme* 
dtately upon the ship striking t ^nd from the number they afpretent muster not 
agreeing with the establishment » I am induced to beilevt: that was the case. 

On my going on board the Draak I fonnd that she had been built for a sheer 
liulk, and converted into a guard ship, extremely old ^ her masts and rigging* 
Tery much cnt^ and the vessel ahbgether unfit for hit Majesty^s service, dcter^ 
mined me tp destroy her. * i therefore dire^ed' Capt, Bolton to perfpmt that; 
duty, which he did effeeimlly by burning her. This service performed, we 
weighed and proceeded towards the Ply isiaad, at which nlaee we anchored 
on the 15th instant. I immediately sent Capt. Boltoa to tJiKc possession of the 
Satavian Republican ship the Dolphin, riding at anchor cfose to the town of the 
Viy. She hac xm onr anchoring hoisted the Orange coloui^, and the same step waf 
taken on the island. A person came off from th^ mnnicipatity, d^iring hun to 
surrender t|»c island to the Government of the Prince of Oramge^j and I have 
ihc honour to request you will be pleased to direct some pef^ons to be sent aa 
soon as coavej^ent to take upon* themselves the arrangement and management 
pf civil -aiTairs in the island. 

'I he Island of ScheKng has not yet adpp^d the same step \ I dialf th^fore; 
if it meets your approbation, take the necessary steps to induce them to do it. 

To the Captains 3nd Officers I have given ptroles, whi(^ measure ) hope will 
meet yoar wishes. The prisoners from phe ship and brig, amounting to about 
^o hundred and thirty, I have put on board the Dolphin nntil I know 
your pleasure re^^ing them (I think they wiU mostly volunteer for the' 
Prince's service; the connnand of vHhich ship I have given (until your plea- 
* sure is known , to Lieut M'Doogal of the Wolverene ; this Officer, from hi| 
zeal at all times, from Capt. Bolton's report, (but particularly so on the ser- 
yice we were at present employed, I think. Sir, will merit your protection; 
and novr. Sir, permit me to nave the honour of expressing to you the senti^ 
ments of gratitude I feel at the condudt of all those employed uiider me in th^ 
little expedition; each individual has behaved well. I'o Capt. Bolton, hh 
Officers and ship's company, I am particularly indebted for the gallant manner 
in which he pushed ship on in attempting bur assistance : indeed I cannot but 
acknowledge die gi^atest obligations tfi Capt. Bolton for his counsel (t all times. 

To the Offi cerS of every description. Seamen and Marines of the Arrow, I 
cannot sufficiently express my approbation of their cool and determined bravery^ 
they acquitted, themselves as Britons; to Mr. Oilmbur, my first Lieutenant, 
the greatest praise is due fpr the prompt manner in which he caused my orders; 
^o be executed in bringing the ship to an anchor under a heavy fire from the 
enemy; I therefore take the liberty of recommending this zealous good officer 
to your prot€<3ion; he is an old foflower of mine, has Been two voyages ronnc| 
^e world with me, and wasone of thp three youngmidsbipmen that remained witl^ 
JLieut. Riou during the diflre«s of his Majefty's ship Guardian ; I therefore hop^ 
my Lords Commissioners of the Admiridty will deem him worthy of promotion.' 
I have given him the temporary command of the Baravian Republican brig Ciier,' 
and shall send her round to the Texel as soon as possible. — She mounts fourteen 
]ong Dutch twelve pounders, with a complement of eighty-men. She is a most 
complete vessel, quite new, copper bottomed, well fpund, and never yet at 
tea, and in every respe^ fit for his Majesty's service, only wanting men^ I 
mean to take four of her guns out for the purpose of arminjg four schoots to aA 
hcreaboots, either on the defensive or offensive. 

Statement ofth$ BriHih andDuttb F^rti, 
BaiTifH.*— 4Cgnns and 180 men. Dutch.— 54 guns and ^Somep. 

ADMXXALTV-OrriCf, SEPT. %%, 

, 1 

^U^ 9fa Letter frm the Earl tf St. Fifteenth JC, B. Admiral •f tie WhUe^ tfe. H'' 

Evan Nipean^ Efq» dated the Ck^th inst, 

SIR, 

1 inclose for tfie information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, a 
letter I have received from Capt. Bigby, of his Majesty's ship Akmene, giving ' 
9UB account of the capture of a Spanish ship and brig, laden with naval stores for 
the ancnal at Fcrrot and a French sloop from St. Domingo. 

Iam,&c..Ac ST. VINCENT. 



79 OAZBTTB LBTTEftf* 

UT toti>, ffii MajtHy'i sbUt AUmtmt^ jRiver Tana, ^Qih Jufj, lf)% 

1 have tbe honour to acquaint you that 1 stood into the harbour of Vivero, oti 
the i8th iQst. towards subset, and running between two Spamth vessels at anchor, 
distant from each other near two cables* length, I sent Lieutenants Warren and 
Oliver with parties armed to board them and make out, which seryice they exe* 
cuted is a spirited and masterly manner. On their appearance under sari, two 
forts and a oetachcd gun opened round ns, which I returned j the heavy smoke 
9f my guns, and day dosing, prevented the enemy dire^ing theirs to effcA. 

One of the prises n^ed La Felicidad, a ship between 7 and 800 tons, pierced 
for 2% guns, IS loaded with hemp, a few lower masts, and flJiip timber 1 the other, 
named £1 Bisarro, a brig near 403 tons* with ship timber and iron, both boand 
to the arsenal at FerroL 

I am obliged to Mr. Hammond, comman4ing tbe Phceniz privateer Iv^tr of 
Jersey, for the intelligence; he followed in, and gave every assistance to the 
prizes. On the 13 th inst. I sent him in chace, and be captured a French sloop 
from St, Domingo, bound to Bourdeauz. 

1 have the honour to be, &c. H. DIGBY. 

AOMIRALTY-OrFICE, SEPT. ^O, 

p^ rfa LeUerfrmt A^ MtM, Esf. Fict AJtmral •/the Blut, fo £. Nepeam^ Efy^ 
SIR, Baket, Snkbatifem Xtad^ 8eft. »4. 

I have the honour to acquaint you, for their Lordships* information, that the 
weather having moderated on the 21ft inst. I shifted my flag to the Babct:— • 
thoui^h blowing a gale of wind the day before, Capt. Mainwaring, by his great 
exertions, had lightened her sufficiently for the pilot to take charge, and the 
Captains of the bomb vessels made equal exertions for the same purpose, having 
lightened their respective ships to la feet 8 inches; I left the Isis, Melpomene^ 
and Jupo with yards and tbp-masts struck, having taken all the seamen and ma» 
rines that could be spared from them, with Sir C. Hamilton, Captains Dundaa 
and Oughton,and a proper number of officers in large schuyts to assist mc in the 
expedition ; about ten we weighed in the Babet, accompanied by the four bombs, 
L*£&pic^glc 4nd Speedwell brigs, and Lady Ann lugger, and Prince WiUian^ 
aimed snip. 

W'c fortunately had a fair wind, which raised the tide considerably over the 
fiats, though in many parts we had only la feet 6 inches. On our approaching 
IVIedenblicatnoon, I made the signals lor the Dart and Gun brigs to weigh and 
loin me ; and at three P. M. I andiorcd with the squadron ofTlinkhausen, and a 
boat came off with four men wcariug Orange cockades; in consequence of which 
I went on shore attended by the Captains; we were received by all the inhabi- 
tants with every testimony of joy at their deliverance from their former tyran- 
nical government, and in the highest degree expressive of their loyalty and at- 
^chment to the House of Orange. 

I proceeded to the Stadthouse, and having supamoned all the old and faithful 
Burgomalters, who had not taken the oath to the Batavian Republic, I instantly 
reinstated them, until his Highncfs the Hereditary Prince of Orange's instruc- 
tions were received; to whom, apd to hia Royal Highness, the Duke of York, 
I immediately sent an express, and at the same moment summoned before me 
and dissolved the Municipality* amidst the joyful acclamations of the inhabitants 
around the Stadthouse, part of them s^t the same time cutting down the tree of 
liberty, whigh they instantly burned j all of which was done in the most loya!, 
quiet, and regular manner, 

1 have detached Capt. Boorder, In the Espieglp, with the Speedwell, to scour 
the coabt from Sttveren to Lemmer ; but previous to his going on that service ( 
sent him to Steveren, to bring mc intelligence of the disposition of the inhabi-> 
tantr,he returned yellerday morning with the pleasing information of their hav- 
ing hoisted the Oranec colours^ and most of the neigtibouring towns had done 
the same, and the inhabitants joyfully complying with the same terms at £nk- 
hausen'and Medcnblic; I have likewise detached the Dart, with two gun brigs 
to cut o/T the communication with Amsterdam and the towns^in East I'riesland, 
that have not returned to their allegiance. 

Onr appearance in the Zuyder Zee with such an nnexpeded force has had a 
most wonderful and happy effcA, and giyen the great^t confidence to those 
well disposed to the House of Orange. 

I shall not lose a moment's time in moving forward, when the wind and tide 
will permit^ to complete, as far as lays in my power, what is finally intrusted tQ 
my cnargc. L Aa^e the honour to be. Sir, A. Mil QHELL. 



fc 75 i . 

■i^uOBl Conns ^attid, 

A COURT MARTIAL was hcl \ on board the Gladiaior, at Portsmouth, on 
Lieutenant Thomas Vantbyscn, of dte i9o/9/>(V, for going forward, after 
> nun had been punished, among the ship*s crevr, and saying publicly in the 
hearing' of the people, ** If I was tbc jhip*s company I -would be damned if I tvould 
9ai ttmU Mg4iinjt the CaJ>taiji, I have takem an account of every man fitut has hee^ 
Jlo^ed since I have ieem in the ship.** — The charge bein? fully proved, be wai 
•enteactd to be dismissed his Majsftty'^serviee, and renacred«incapable of serving 
\m JMajefty, «hi9 heuwj.or aoccefsors. 

A Court Martial wa« likewise held on board the same ship, on Lieutenant 
HAaroED, first of the Aretbusa, on a charge of throwing some tea at Lieutenant 
Askew, a ypunj^ officer belonging to the same i^ip ; and the sentence of the 
Court was, that Mr. Harford should be dismissed his Majesty's service. — ^The 
altercation which led to the assault happened one morning at breakfast. — It is ^ 
public misfortune when private quarrels deprive the country of the services of 
any brave man. As a proof of the estimation iri which Mr. Harford was held 
by the sailors, we need only mention, that a short time since, the ship'« com- 
pany of the .'^U'cthusa presented hioi with an elegant sword, and a pair of richljf 
mounted pistols. 

Ptymoutbt 7tf«< 10. A Court Martial was held on board the Camhridgt 
flag bhip in Hamoaze, on Captain Sear le, his officers, and ship^s company^ 
for the lo&s of his Majesty's frigate the StbaJion, on the Saints Rocks^ Dc* 
cembcr 25, 1799. 

. After an impartial investigation of the existing circumstances, the Cour( 
most honourably acquitted Captain -dearie, his officers, and crew. It appeared 
that the accident was occasioned by an unusual course of tide, and but little wind; 
that every exertion which skill and zeal could cffcifl was made by Captaid 

S carle and hi» officers, and the iittnont discipline and subordination was observed 
y the ship's compiny, so highly honourable to Biitish seamen in times of 
danger. The Ethalion was stationed off the Saints, to preserve the line 0/ 
bruisers watching the enemy's ports. 

Lieutenant Short, of the Contesthriv^ has heed tried by a Court Martial a% 
the Nore, for the Iom of that vessel on the coast of Holland, and honourably 
acquitted. 

On the 15th Instant a Court Martial assembled on board his Majesty's ship 
Clatten, in Yarmouth Roads, for the trial of Lieutenant Jam ss Watson, 
his surviving officers and crew, for the loss of his Majesty*s vessel the Mastxff^f 
by Striking the ground, on or near the Cockle Sands, as she was proceeding 
towards the Northern Passage from Yarmouth Roads, bound to Lekh. 
*Whcn, after a minute investigation into the cause of the loss of the said vessel, 
and examining the several witnesses respc&Ing the condu6t of Lieutenant 
T^atson, his Officers and Crew, the Court was of opinion, that no blame what* 
ever attached to thefti. 

PortsmQuib^ Jan. 21. A Court Martial was held on board his Majesty*! ship 
GlaJiatcr, in this harbour, on Captain Tottt, of his Majesty's ship the Saturtr^ 
for running on board tht Prince. The Court, after enquiring into the circum- 
stances, delivered the following sentence : — ** That the two ships being on 
board each other was caused by the extreme darkness of the night, and othe^ 
circumstances, in wnich no blame was imputable to the said Captain Thomas 
Totty ; but that his conduA was that of a diligent, careful, and good officer, 
isd did adjudge him to be acquitted. 

A Court Martial was held the same day on board the said ship, on the Car* 
j>entcr of his Majesty's ship St. Fioren*o, Captain Sir H. NEALt,for dninkenneil 
and negle£l of duty. The charges being proved, he was dismissed the ship. 

Two Courts Martial were held at Sheerness the szd instant, on board the 
Circ^ : one on James Test A r, seaman on board the Alimaar., for striking tho 
Boatswain's Mate of that ship, when on duty, and he was sehtenced to be hanged, 
but in consideration of his excellent charader, recommended to mercy ; the 
other on a seaman belonging to the Trusty, for desertion. Re was lenfcenccd 
io receive fi/ty lashes. i :: . • 

QUd. 111. u 



t 74 1 

MONTHLY REGISTER 

OF 

Captain Searle's NarratiTC of t!»c Proceedingi on board bit Majesty'^ 
Ship the Etba/ion, from the Erening of the 14th of December f I799f 
till the Moment in which the Captain flnd Officers were under the pain* 
ful Necetstty of quitting her^ 

AT four P* M. Point Le Cheurc bore S. E. ty E. three or fortr leagues, 
ttandin^ oflT and on off St. Matthew's, with an intention of beating to 
windward m the morning, to reconnoitre the position of the enemy's fleet : 
a senrice 1 was particularly anzions to perform, as I knew no opportunity had 
occurred for that purpose bince the i8th of December, when the Fisgard^ 
£thaIion, and Sylph, were all driven ofTthe coast by a hard gate of wind ; andt 
knew the Fisgard could not ha've regained her station at that time. At ei^ht 
o*clock I gave the usual and necessary diredions and precautions, to the officer 
of the watch, and to the' pilot, for keeping the Ship in a proper situation during 
the night ; and to inform me if any change of wind or weather took place, and 
whrnevcr the pilot wished the Ship to be put on the opposite tack ; and at the 
end of each watch to acquaint me |a» was the custom every night) with the 
aituation of the Ship with respect to tne distance from the land — St. Matthew'a 
fight then (at eight P. M.) bore E. by N. about three leagues ; the Ship then' 
standing to the southward under her treble-reefed topsails, fore-topmast stay- 
sail, and miren staysail, with the wiod,S. £. and Ijtng np S. S< W. going » 
knot and a half. At half past ten she was, by the desire of the pilot, again 
wore. At twelve the light bore N. £. by £. three or four league* ; at which 
time Lieutenant Jauncey told me there was not mUch wind, and I dire<fted a 
jecf to be let out of the topsails, and the jib to be loosed, to be in readiness to 
make sail at a moment's warning ;> which order wa« complied with. At half 
past one A. M. the light bearing £. N. E. between five and seven miles, Lieu- 
tenant Quillim, the officer of the watch, acquainted me, it was the desire of the 
pilot to wear again, and stand to the southward till four o'clock, as there waa 
but little wind ; bot at ten minutes past three, although the Ship had not gone 
more than two miles from the time of her being wore, and the light was then 
in sight, and bearing N. £. by £. (the night very dark) the rocks were disco- 
vered close ahead, and in attempting to wear clear of them, the Ship struck : 
when I ordered the hands to be turned up, and eot the pumps to work, and the 
boats ofit ; sent the Master to sound ; started the water ; threw the guns over-« 
board ; and used every exertion possible to get the Ship off*. At four she struck 
very hard, and knocked away the stem-post : made signals of distress to the 
Sylph. At six she fell over on the starboard side, and buleed. At day-light 
saw the Danae, .^ yiph, and Nimrod cutter ; made the signal for boats to assist-— 
finding she had bulged in several places, and paited on the starboard side 
amidships ; and seeing the impossibility of saving any of her stores; sent away 
the idlers, and the first division of seamen, in our own boats, to the Danac, 
Sylph, and Nimrod. At nine Lord Proby came alpmruJe, and another boat alsa 
from the Panae, followed by one from the Sylph. The water was now Over the 
ke gunwale, and the greater part of the stem totally under water ;' and it waa 
at this time difficult and dangerous for boats to approach the Ship, owing to 
the very great surf amongst the rocks. At eleven o'clock, having got all the 
people out of the Ship, the first Lieutenant by my diredions set fire to her 
remains, and Mr. Bellinghall, the Master's Mate, cut away her lower masts : 
which being done, and after I had seen all the commissioned OflScers and th« 
Master into the remaining boat, I was then under the painful necessity of 
abandoning Eer.— I'he anguif^ of my feeUngs during the whole of this unfor- 
tunate affair, 'bufparticulany at the moment when^ was obliged to abandon th^ 



IdONTHLT EEQISTBK 07 KATAL BYBNTt. f^ 

Shxv, those who have experienced a similar misfortune will readily judge of.^ 
I witbit was in IB7 power on any other occasion to describe the very ereat merit 
cf all the officers and ship's company ; sure I am their exertions, their prompt* ' 
■ess in executing my orders, and the steady perseverance they shewed, was never 
on any other occasion exceeded ; for in no nmilar instance was there ever less 
canliuion I now think it necessary to observe, that the shortness of the days 
at this seasoo of the year makes it utterly impossible for any Ship to reconnoitre 
the enemy's fleets in Brest, unless she keeps offSt. Matthew's durtog the night i 
and I need not observe how difficult it is to ascertain the precise distance of a 
light, and the uncertainty of keeping a Ship in a safe position, without the 
assbtance of eome headland or mark for a cross bearing; which in this instance 
was prevented from the extreme darkness of the night , for although the 
iearing of the light is always a sufficient guide with respeA to the Parquet and 
Black Rocks, yet it is of no use to ,avoid the dangers of the Saints when 
cruising within them ; and neither myself, the Master, or Pilot, thought it 
possible that the light could be seen at all at the distance of eighteen miles, 
v4iich the Ship was from it when she struck, although it was then so distind: 
that we did not believe it could have been more than ten or eleven miles ' 
distant, and this opinion will be corroborated by the testimony of all the officers* 
It IS also material to observe, that the Master of the Nimrod, who has been 
same time employed in the same service off Brest, was likewise on that night 
so deceived by the appearance of the light, that he drove amongst the rocks at a 
little distance from us, but got off without receiving any material damage.— 
I flatter myself the above statement will receive the testimony and concurrence 
of those officers who have been employed off Brest, and that it will afford the . 
most satis£adory proof, that my wisa to keep off St. Matthew's proceeded from 
a sealous desire to fulfil the purport ot my orders. 

The system whiph the French Consuls seem about to adopt towards foreign 
nations is in sonie respe^s different from that which regulated the condu«ft 
of the late Bire«Skory. They have repealed the law relative to Privateers, 
which was the principal cause of the difference between France and America, 
asd often used as a pretext for seizing the property of Neutral Nations. Be^idcii 
abrogating this law, they expressly re-establish the code of Neutral Navigation, 
as it subsisted under the Monarchy. 

^ The Consuls of the Republic, after taking into consideration the law of the 
23d Frimaire, year eight, which abrogates the first article of the law of the agth 
Nivose, year six, respcding naval privateering ~— 

'* Considering that the abrogation of this \xv( npcessarily restores vigour to 
the preceding regulation on the subje^ ; 

<* That this regulation, fixed by the regulation of the 26th July, 1778, is that 
which has been recognised as best calculated to reconcile the interests of the 
Republic, and the rights of Neutral Powers ; 

** Desirous of preventing, on the jjart of French and neutral ship-owners, 
errors or eonstru^ions which clash with the view on which th^ law of 23 
|f itose, year six, was repealed ; * 

« DECREE, 
•* 1st, The provisions cnaAed by the regulation of the law of a6th July, 
1778, concerning the navigation of neutral vessels, shall be stridliy observed 
by all those to whom they are applicable, under the penalty, in esse of 
contravention, of being subjeAed to the confiscations and condemna- 
tions, in damages and interest, detem^ined by the said regulation and tlie 
laws. 

** ad, The Ministers of Justice, of the Marine, of Foreign Affairs, and of 
the Finances, are charged, each in his department, with the execvtipo el 
|he present decree, which shall be inserted io the bulletin of the laws.. 
* (Signed) <« BUONAPARTE. 

'♦ ROGER DU COS. 
«« SIEVES. 
Pfftmicr %<X, ^ H. B. MARET, Secretary General,'' 



in 179% 


Foitl|(n» 
344,767 


i79». 


363,661 


»79*. 


5i4»679 


»793. 


447*754 


1794, 


5*5.649 


1795. 


58^77 


1796, 


675.04^ 



*8,34« 


Sritiik. 

»i6,9»4 


3».54» 
31,061 

3^»77 
17,160 


11 0,6 1 S 
106,065 

37.058 


34,io» 
3«.9»^ 


»7P97 
19,669 



76 MOH^HLS RICIfTSft 

AMERICA. 

The Aoiericao Treaty continues to be the source of m^th tcrimooioni OQRtr^ . 
yerty io America. The (oUammg are the kidinf u^gumettt* oq eack «ide th^ 
<iuestioa :^ 

A I Commerce is the basis of • Karf, which Is to be our great bulwark, it 
|(ivcs us pleasure to observe the aufmentattun of our (hipping- Thr folbwuig- 
IS the amount of toorn^ which entered the poru of the Uaited 8taie»ia tha 
rospedi^c year<: 

103,77$ 

1-5,494 
110,957 

141^ 59 

192,680 

171,918 

200,371 

The first column shews that the tonnage entering our parts has been almost 
doubled in seven years. — The second column shews that our coasciiw tonnage 
lias been almost doubled in the same period. The third column exhmits a rate . 
of the fisheries as flu^uating :-*and the fourth column maaifests the beneficial 
operation of our laws relative to trade uuder the present National Oovemmeau 
Ifk 179O, almost two thirds of all the sfaipning entering our ports was British. 
In 1 796, not a thirty- third of it was British. 

The foUowing tablet shew the amount of tonnage entered in the respe^ve 
ports : 

la J796. Id I797< 

At Boston, ... 83,893 Tons. 81,259 Tons. 

New York, - - 143,138 I53>93' 

Philadelphia, - - 93>»37 9^.579 

Baltimore, - - 47,37» 59«^37 

Norfolk, - - 17,111 I2j6i 

Chvlcstown, - - 35,709 37,440 

The whole tonnage employed in foreign trade,*an4 belonging to the XJAite4 
States at the close of 1797, was, 

. . 597,777 

Whole tonnage of the eoasting trade, • 237,401 

In the fisheries, - - - 31,57^ 

Total • 876,911 

The number of seamen is between 40 and 50,oco, including about 5000^ 
impressed on British ships of war. 

On the morninpr of the 13d ult. the Marqins •/ Cranky of Sunderland^ 
Stiphbh U a tvjN, roaster, was captured in crossing the Kentish Knock by a 
French, logger privateer The Captain and two men were put into tbe^ 
Fn nchman's boat, in order to be conveyed on board the privateer, which wa^ 
ffiving chace to another vessel, and by carrying a press 0/ sail, in a short time 
left the boat ncaily five miles astern : this circumstance induced Mr. Urwin to 
conceive it pradlicable to retake his own vessel, and wresting a sword out of the 
hands of the officer of the boat, he compelled the French sailors to row him 
back to the Marquis of Cranby. He gallantly boarded her, sword in hand, 
and soon cleared the deck of the Frenchmen, who precipitately plunged into the 
8e», and were picked up by their countrymen in the boat. 1 he Captain pro- 
ceeded on lux voyage ; but what became of the French sailors and the boat it 
unknown. The Ccmmittee of the Navigation Policy Company, in which the 
vtswl was insured, have, with that liberality and laudable forwardness which 
have ever charaAcrised the port of Sunderland, when bravery and merit 
claimed resped, presented the Captain with a piece of plate widi a suitable 
inscription. 

'i'he Trinity House, Newcastle, has ordered two leading beacons to be erede4 
on the South side of the harbour, which wiU, it is hoped, prevent future losaea* 
on the Herd Sand. 



«V MAVAL ETENTtV fj 

Ate€fKBti were receded at the AdHdrtdtj, on tibe sist of Jamuirf, froni 
iKtekml Sir Hyde farkcr, of one of the niQst daring, and galhnt eucerprites vol- 
om aavol annaU, achieved hj Captain £« H\Mix.roVt ^the Surprixt^ aqd a 
Jdccacluntnt Irom hfogaUant crew, of roo men, in boats. On the morning of 
the X5th of NoTember, they succeeded in boarding, and cutting oat, hi^ 
Majefty*» lAe ihip lertnione from the harbour of Porto Carallo, where there 
afe abeot »oo pieces of cannon mounted on the batteciea. For particulars wo 
refer our readers to one Gazette Letters. 

Captaia Hamilton is 9ae of the sons of the late Sir John HamikoQ, Bart* 
who so nobly distinguished himself in the taking of Quebec, &c. during the . 
^ate American War. Captain H. is also nearly related to the Marqms of 
Abercoro, a&d otbext of that noble family. 

PLYMOUTH REPORT, 

FROM JAHUARY x TO JAI^ARY t^ 



Jan. r, iSoo. Wind S. £. Sleet and Rain. Arrived the Snider schooner^ 
9hA Telegraph, i6 guns, Lieutenant Corsellis, from Torbay. Also L*A venture 
privateer, of 14 guns and 42 men, of St. Maloes, captured by the Aristocrat, 
Mgger, o£r the Sc^en Islands, after a long chace. Sailed the Fury^ 18 guns. 
Captain Curry, lyith a fleet, to the eastward. 

%. Wind S. E. Blows Hard. Yesterday a brig privateer of 14 guns, aa4 
full cf men« was seen froip the Heights of Ram Hrad to board a brig in Whit- 
sand Bay, and send her for France. She also landed a boat's crew on Looo 
Island, and took off a cow and some com, the property of a poor man who . 
resides there. The privateer then stood to the sooth-west quarter with a presa 
of sail. A signal was made from the Telegraph at Maker, when Admiral Sir 
T. Paisley, Bart, ordered the Telegraph, 16 guns, Lieutenant CorscUii^ to sail in 
pursuit of Her. 

3. Wind S. W. Blows Hard, Sodden Thaw. Came iQ Duke of Clarenco 
from I>ublin, taken by a French privateer, and retaken by the Syloh, iS guns, 
Captain Daahwood, who was left m pursuit of the privateer, called tne Bgyptian, 
of 14 guns. Went down kito the Sound the Terpsichore, 3a guns, Captaii| 
Gage. Sailed the Sirius, 36 guns, Captain King ; Indefatigable, 44, Captain 
Carzou ; and the Phcebe, 36, Captain Bafbw, on a cruise. Orders came down 
this day to fit up the Thetis 3a guhs^ Iphlgenia 32, and Thifbe 3a, for the 
Reception of troops. 

4. Wind S. £. Fair and Mild. Arrived the Favid, from OportOy with 
wines and fruit, in only seven days. She parted company last night, off the 
Bdystone, with the St. Fiorenzo, 44 gunsj Captain Reynolds, off this port, witl^ 
twenty-nine sail, all well. Accounts are received from Oporto and LisboU) that 
only two of the last outward-bound fleet could get over the bar, owing to the 
great surf ; and that the rest, under convoy of the Bonetta, 18 guns. Captain 
Vansittart, had been beating off and on those harbours for fifty days. I'hree 
£raeil men^ in attempting to pass the Bar of Lisbon, were virrecked, and went 
to pieces. Arrived therisgard, 48 guns. Captain T. B. Martin, with Captain 
Searle, Lieutenant Pym, the officers, petty omcers^ seamen, and Marines, of the 
Bthalion, shipwrecked on the Saints {he a.5th ult. Arrive i the Marlborough,. 
74 gons, Captain Sotheby, from Admiral Sir A. Gardner, Bart. She was tei^ 
days beatifag up Channel against the strong easterly winds. 

S' Wind S. E. Cloudy and Mild. Arrived from Valentia, in Spain, the 
Commerce Swedish ship, Bergman, with brandies, detained by the Dastier eloop 
of wai. Captain Tobin. Landed from the St. Fiorenzo, 44 gQns,the Master of 
the late 1 wo BrotherSf of and from this port to Newfoundland, with a cirgo of 
biscuit for St. John's. , She ^ras taken on her passage by a French privateer, of 
94rguosy callod the Man of Boiirdtfauz, and -biimt to the water's edge. The - 



y% MONTHLY llBOUTt& 

Master was sue Into a neutral veisel, and arrived at Oport*. Amved the Vtptf 

cutter, 14 four-pounders and 4.1 men, Lieutenant Pengelly, with the Ferrer 
ftrivateer, of 14 four-pounders and 63 men, which she captured after » long aniA 
gallant a^ion. Also the Venturer, 18 guns, Lieutenant Bardward, from the 
westward, and the Neptune schooner, from Guadalonpe. 

6. Wind S. W. Fair. Sailed to the eastward a large fleet which has beett 
collecting this aome time past. At 10 A. M. the Channel Fleet, under ordert 
of Admiral Sir A. Gardner, passed the port for Torbaf. Arrived from the 
Fleet, the Windsor Castle 98 guns, Terrible 74, Prince Frederick 64, Beanlieu 
44, aadNereide 36, 

7. Wind S. B. Cloudy. Letters from the Lady Charlotte, 14 guns^ 
Lieutenant Halliday, state his safe arrival there with a valuable convoy. 
Arrived the Elizabeth, Wogle, from Ferrol for Bristol, reuken by the General 
Townsend privateer ; also 3ie French sloop La Francois, bound to Brest vrith 
brandy, prize to the AD«>n, 44 guns, Captain Durham ; and the Flora French 
brig, with rosin, for Bourdeaux, prize to the Ftsgard, 48 runs, Captaia 
T. B. Martin. Arrived also L'Hucelle French armed vessel from Cayenne, 
with passengers, ladies and children, prize to the BeauUeu, 44 guns, Captain 
Skynner. ijhe was first captured by tne Amethyst, 31 guns. Captain Cook ; 
recaptured by La Providence privateer, of 24 guns and i$o men; sent for 
Bourdeauz, and again taken and sent here by the Beaulieu and Unicom, . 
There came passengers Colonel Malonson of Invalids, and Mons. Burnelle, 
naturalist, with a cabinet of natural curiosities for the French National Museum 

- at Paris. They were in want of necessaries ; and one child of five years old died , 
in the Sound. Mr. P, Symons, broker for the prize, very humanely, on 
L'Huzelle's coming-to in Catwater, sent on board plenty of hresh provisions* 
This forenoon, at ten A. M. as the Atlas, 98 guns, Captain Jones (which 
arrived from Torbay the 1st inst. vrith die loss of her nidder, and having uiipped 
a temporary one) was turning out of the Sound to go up Hamoase, near the 
■outh-east ridge of St. Nicholas's Island, she missed stays, and went ashore where 
the Conqueror, 74 guns, was lost in 1758: fortunately La Loire, 48 guns. 
Captain Nevnnan, coming in from sea, and Captain N. seeing her situation, 
though ill himself, gave diredions to Lieutenant Rayner, first I^ieutenant, who, 
with the assistance of the other, officers and ship's company, moored La Loire 
as near the Atlas as could be done with safety, with three anchors out ahead : 
by this time her masts were all cut away, and she struck very hard on the rocks. 
1 he boats of the Fleet being now at hand, an hawser was payed from the best 
bower of La Loire on board the Atlas. Fortunately the tide vras flowing fast ; 
and at two P. M. she swung off into deep water, anchored in the Sound, and if 
the weather moderates will, it is hoped, get into Hamoaze to-morrow. Great 
credit is due to Captain Jones, his officers, and Atlas's crew ; to Captain 
Newman Lieutenant Rayner, and the officers and crew of La Loire ; and indeed 
to all the boats of the Fleet. At one period it -^as thought shp wguld have 
hung amidships. Went up the harnour (he Voltlgeur, 18 guns, Captaii\ 
Shortland. 

8. Wind E. |^. B« Fair. Arrived the Suwarrow, 14 euns. Lieutenant 
l^icholson. She parted company with Admiral Gardner's Fleet iq a terrible 
gale of wind, epst, the aitt ult ; was blown into the Bay of Biscay ; but for.^ 
tunately, by a shift of wind, got into Bantry short of provisions. Arrived 
L' A venture French privateer, of 14 guns and 75 men, prize to the Amethyst 
frigate. She had captured in her late cruise four vessels. Arrived the Revenge 
privateer, 10 gups and 40 men, Mr. Hosier, Commander. She engaged i^ 
bpanish privateer, of 10 guns and 76 mep, for an hour, when she blew np, and 
all hands perished. The Revenge, on her late cruise, retopk figh( sail of vessek, 
and sent them, except the Pearl of this port, for Viana. 

p. Wind S. W. Fair and Fine. I^etters from Salcombe state, that the 
Aaive cartel, from Morlaiz, with nineteep British Seamen in exchange-*^ 
They ran the brig into Salcombe, for fear of being pressed had she put 
in here. Arrived the Seagull sloop of war, from Guernsey. Thia afternoon the 
Atlas, 98 guns, was ^ovcd vp ^P lurl)Ottr by the boats o^ the j^k^ ^a^ Po^k^ 



Ot KATAt BVE!fTS« J^ 

Vsr^. As won as her j^ns, powder, provisions, and stores, are taken out, she is 
^gD iiRo-dock to be ozamined. Sailed for the Coast of France, the Suffisante^ 
14 ^ns, Captain Whitman. 

io. "Wind E. S. E. Fair. Arrived the London Packet, from Baltimore, 
with tobacco, recaptured by a Guernsey privateer. Went into the Sound thtf 
Mcjpeta fire shiji, Captain west. Arrived from a sit weeks cruise ill the Chops 
of uic Channel, the Plymouth lugger. Lieutenant El?ot. She chased two 
privateers : one a brig of fourteen gtins, which escaped ih the night of the 25th 
tit. ; the other, a cutter, got into St. Maloes, by throwing her guns over- 
board, and getting out her sweeps. Sailed the Suwarrow, 14 guns. Lieutenant 
IHchoIsoo, with viduallers for Torbay. 

XI. Wind S« E* Hard Rain. Last night Captain Gore, of tbe fortiaute 
Triton, 3a guns, eave a most splendid and elegant ball, at Cowley's Hotel, 
Dock ; where the liberality, and eccentric charader of the British seaman was 
apparent. 

II. Wind 9. E. Rain. Arrived last night the Calcutta extra East Tndiaman, 
Captain Haflrgay. She sailed from Spithead with the Queen Charlotte, 1x0 
guns, Admiral Lord Keith, and the convov, the floth of November, and parted 
off Cape Finisterre With the Qneen Charlotte^ in company with the Bombay 
Anna and Bengal Anna extra ships. They anchored in Madeira Roads to take 
in wines the 9th December. The same day the Calcutta parted company with 
the above eitra ships in Madeira Roads; drove to sea in a Solent gale of wind ;> 
and after beating ai>out till the xyth of December, was captured by La Syrene, 
44 guns, Citoyen Reignaud, and La Bergere, 18 guns, bound to Old France 
from Cayenne, having ViSor Hugues on board. At noon of the 17th, after 
Captain Haggay, the second and third mate% and fifty Lascars and seamen, 
were taken on board La Syrene, a fleet was discovered to windward, through 
a fog ; which clearing off, and the men of war bearing down on different tacks; 
proved to be the Glenmore, 44 guns. Captain Duff, and L'Amiable, 32 guns. 
Captain Raper, and the outward-bound West India convoy, from Cork. The 
Glenmore bore down, and retook the Calcutta ; L'Amiable pursued the 
Frenchman, gallantly brought them to adion for thirty-five minutes, when the 
French ships made off, though so much superior to L* Amiable ; the Glenmore, 
taking eare of her recapture and her valuable convoy to leeward, could not get 
into anion. 

15. Wind S. E. Rain. Captain Turguard is appointed to La Railleur, 
90 guns, vice Captain Raynor, absent with leave. Went into dock La Bour^ 
daloir, of oo guns, to be fitted for service. liCtters from Lisbon state the arrival 
there of the Lisbon fleet, so long beatmg off that port, — and which were cer- 
tainly saved by the gallantry of Captain Hosier, of the Revenge privateer, of 
this port, who very gallantly engaged and blew up a Spanish privateer of supe- 
rior force. 

14. Wind S. E. Cloudy. Arrived the Dauphin, from Surinani for London, 
Vith a valuable cargo, taken by the Bellona French privateer, of a6 guns and 
160 men, and reuken by the Beaulieu,44 guns. Captain Skynner. Arrived the 
Jbxccllent, 74 guns, and Urania, 44, from sea, in Cawsand Bay. Letters from 
the Pheeniz, 44 guns, Captain Halstcd, dated the a9th ult. at Gibraltar, state,' 
that she had captured four Spanish prizes, and sent them safe into Gibraltar. 
On Christmas day last she fell in with, and captureid, a very large Spanish ship, 
of 450 tons, deeply laden whh silks and bale goods, for Lima, from Cadiz, 
said to be the richest prize brought into Gibraltar this war. The nett prize 
money of the dollars taken on board the St. Brigida and £1 Thetis Spanish 
galleon frigates, captured by the Triton, Alcmene, Naiad, and Ethalion, was 
paid this £iy by their respedive agents, and is, exclusive of all expences, as 
follows: £. ,. rf. 

Captains -.--..- 4O»730 18 o 
Lieutenants -•---•. JtOgi 7 3 
Warrant ofiicert ........ 2,468 10 9^ 

Midshipmen and their class .... 791 ty oi 

Able and ordinary seamen and marines - - iSi 4 9^ 
There still remains the nett produce of the hulls, stores, mastS| rigging, dec, 
•f the two frigates to be accounted for. 



Il, 



MONTHLY t.EGl8Tfift OF IKAVAt EVCllTf« 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROVfOTIONS. 
, Captain Patterton is appointed to the Montag;ue, in the raon of CapCilB 
Knight, who is in li bad state of health. 

Captain Talbot, of the £urydice, of 14 giuu» it appointed to L* Ambuscade, 
^ 40 guns, at Plymouth. 

Captain C. Danvers, 100 of the Baronet, it appointed to the Adive frif^ate. 

Capuin Murray is appointed to the command of the Naiad frigate, her formsr 
officer, C^tain f icrrepoint, being compelled to resign through ind;sp3<icion. 
^ Captain David Atkins is appointed to the Furie, of 36 gont, one of tlie ihipf* 
taken by Captain oir Richard King, in the Sirius, in the Vorth Scat. 

Captain Foley, lately returned from the Mediterranean, it appointed ui 
tomniand the Elephant, 74 guns, at Porttmouth. 

Sir Thomas Livingstonief, Bart, is promoted to the rank of Poit Captain, and 
•ppointed to command the 1 >iadem, of 64 gunt. 

Ciptain Tnnes, of the Alert Hired armed cutter, is appothted to command the 
Poraonie armed ship, in the room of Sir Joseph Eyles. 

. Captam J. Hanson, appointed to the Brasen si6op, was first Lieutenant of 
the Chatham armed tender, when she was under tlie command of the lattf 
Captain Vancouver, daring his Toyage oi discovery. 

Captain Edward G'alway, first iMtttenant 00 board the Vanguard in th« 
ktttlooff the Nile^ is appointed to the command «>f the PloTer sloop of war. 

Rear- Admiral ]. W. Payne is appointed Compt^lkr General of the Hon96» 
bold of his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. 

, Captain Eliab Harvey is appointed Co oommand the Triumph, of 74 guns f 
H Hot ham, the Immortality, of 36 guns i Bridges, the Charon, of 44 gnns 1 
and Edward 0*Bprien, the Sea I'encibles on the cSiast of Essex. 

Capuios Cheshire and Orasvenor are promoted to the rank of Post Captains. 

J. WUloughby, Esq. of the Royal William,iB appointed one of the JLieotenantI 
9f the Prince, with Admiral Sh* C. Cotton. 

Dr. Harness, Physician of the Mediterranean Fleet, ik appointed a Comrois- 
9ioner of the Sick and Woonded Board, in the room of I)r. Blade, who hat 
lesigned. 

i ientenant Richbell, of the Centaur, is promoted to the rank of Coramandery 
fnd appointed to the Prince William armed ship. 

Captain Tnrguardis appointed to Lz Railleur, 30 gnns, vice Captain Rajmor. 

The sword to be presented to Admiral Mitchell from the City of i.ondon, it 
Taloed at one hundred guineas -: en one side is repKscntcd the sarrendcr of the 
Dutch Fleet, and on the other the noble Admiral's arms and trophies ; on the 
liilt is engraved the arms of the City of London ; and 00 the top of fhc ftword* 
is emblematically figured ** the eye of Providence looking doTArn on the British 
Flag." 

OBITUARY. 

In Qaeen-Ann^stneet East, Lady A/Heck, reliA of Admiral Sir E. Affleck. 

At Bradford, in Northumberland, Mt. Robert Nicholson, formerly Master e# 
hit Majesty's thip the Britannia. 

Sunoiy,Jiai. 5, at Reading, Ashbumham Newman Toll, Esq^ a Captain ifti 
the Berkshire Militia, and only son of the late Rear- Admiral Edmonds i'oll, of 
Widiham, Hants. 

At Parkgate, on her way from Irelind to London^ Mrs. PhiUipt, daughter «f 
Dr. Barney, and wife of Major Phillips, of the Marines. 

Suddenly, of an apoplcdtic fit, Mrs. Anne Stephens, wife of Frands Stepheilsi 
E«q« one of the Commissioners ior vi&ualling his Majesty's Navy. 1 

Jaji. 6. At Gosport, an aged seaman, named EnwAan HAancASTLC. 
He was cekbrated for the following exploit ; During the visit which the Dnke 
of York paid to Admiral Rodney, on board the MarlboroQgh, in 17^1, he got 
to the very top of the vane of the main-mast, and stood there on his head, waving' 
his hat several times with his foot. He received a present from hts Royal 
Highnets, with a request not to repsat so -dangerous a proof of his dexterity. 

Lately, Mr. CKarles Winchester, messenger to Earl Speneer, at the Admiralty. 

The 7th in»t. Thomas Lennox Frederick, Esq. at his house, ^fottingham-place, 
X^ondon. He yii9M made Post Captain in 1779, and a Kear-Admind in 1797, 
and commanded the Princess Royal in the memorable vidko^ gained hy LonA 
bt. Vincent, on the 14th of February in the same year. 



BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF THE LATE 

CAPTAIN DAVID BRODIE.- 



Aod does the Mystic Veil from mortal beam 

Involve those eyes where 'ev*ry virtue smiled ?-» 

The light of Reasoo, pure, without a cloud ; 

Full of the generous heart* the mild regard ; 

Honour disdaining blemish, cordial faith. 

And limpid Truth, that looks the very soul * \ TsoMtov. 

nr*I^£ histpry of unassuming W4>rtb9 and unrewarded me- 

^ iTAtf claims the remembrance of a profession which it 

a/iox=]niB<I, and of aCountry> to whose service unabated exertions 

vrcre dedicated : its biography must cause a lively emotion 

lU tlie mind of every reader, and will awaken the noblest 

{edmgs of human nature. The eye long accustomed to 

behold the purple trappings of the Vi&or» or the bright 

caiter of success that knew no abatement, finds relief on 

being turned to the retreat, where professional virtue» 

acknowlec^ed yet disregarded, sought at length an asylum 

that it might die in peace. 

Mr. David Brodie,from a collateral branch of the Bs.odx£S 
of Brodie, an old and respedable £imily in Scotland, was , 
bom in that country ; and entered into the Royal Navy at 
twelve years of ^e. . His early patron was Admiral Vernon, 
whose friendship he long enjoyed without any abatement. 
Mr. Brodie commanded the Admiral's tender at the taking of 
Porto Bello in 1739 > ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ bombarding of Car* 
thagena in 1741, and in most of the Adions in the West 
Indies during the war. On the third of May 1743 he was 
advanced commander of the Terror sloop f ; and was after- 
wards appointed to the Merlin, a sloop of 10 guns, and 110 
men, in the West Indies. 

* The above lines, addressed by Thomson to Lord Talbot, occurred on 
bdiAlding the portrait of Captain Brodie, by Coates, now in th^ possession of . 
. his son William Brodie, Esq. of CaT.'ndi^h-s^iuare. Mr. Coates was an excel- 
lent judge of character, and has striking' y personified the ideas of tht poet^ 

f Gentleman's M^^zine, 1743, page 275. 



t^ BIOCHAPHICAI* MIMOIE 

For the following services which Captain Brodie rendered 
his country, on being advanced Commander, he received a 
letter of thanks frt)m the then First Lord of the Admi- 
ralty. 

He sustained ftn attack from a fifty-gun Ship for a consi- 
derable time, during which engagement be lost many men : 
t*Ao other Shipl etmiing in sight, the «iiemy left him — ^the 
strange Sliips afterwards proved to be two of his own. 

He captured the Union, Vainqaer, and Bacchus, French 
-privateers of superior force i the San Antdnid, a Spanish pci* 
Vateer, la pistite Qutvt, t Fttttch privaietr of t^ual force; 
And the Ftniinmd, of soperiot fotte^ wbkb he bokrdfd : Hie 
latter had fMty->two taen kilhd and woonded^ Captain 
Brodie had a design of this adion made by Bayton, whith i| 
now in the possestion of hit son* 

This spirited officer also attacked two Spunish xebecs in the 
West Indies, that had captured the Bla^t, and AchiUei^ 
British sloops of war : after a despeiate aAion they ^xttt 
obliged to retire. Caplain Brodie derired peculiar satisftftioft 
from this success, as he afterwards disooveied they bad been 
ifititd out expttasly to take faiitk In the snbsequent capture * 
of tero French Ships of much superior force, this gallant 
«lBtir was wounded in Ifae aide, and lost his right arm. 
' In the month of March, f 1747,) Captain Brt>die was ad*. 
\anced to post rank, with the command of the Canierburt) in 
which Ship be formed a part of the squadron^ imder Rear*- 
Admiral Ktooitles f , tbat-saikd frosn Jamaica on tli^ thirteenth 

* Dcftigiu of both these engagements were made by Mt. Pay ton, in his be a 
ff)a)iner, and tit tnfw in dte po*ei*ioli of William Brddie, £lq. 

f TIm followmg Litt ^ A*)irr^^ m it smd h tht yemr t^^ "pfff^iMk lo llit 
peace of Aix-la-Chap«Jlc, fornw a ttriking contrast wich our present estlib2i4i- 
iDcnt. 

The Right Hon. Sir John Korris, Admiral •/ He Fleet. 

Admirals c/" the White^^ir Chaloner Ogle ; J. Siuart, Hon. George Clinton. 
William Rowley, Efcqbs. 

AdmiraU cftbe Blme-^'WiXAtm Martin, haat TtfVm&htnd, Bs^ ; t^ight Hoft. 
XiVtA Vtre ]|e«uch:rk ; Right. Hon. Oeot^ I.ord A.tiiiMi. 

jriie-Admirith if the .Xa'-^ Perry Mayne, £a^ ; &^r Ptt«r W«iren, K. B» | 
Hon. John lyng. 

3 . ,^ - V 



or GAVTAI)^ SLATin Btovrt. H 

I 

6f Fei^rqai-y 1748 ; and m«de ttie desperate yet sticcessful 
attack on Fort i.oi|is, a French settlement on the south side 
of the Island of Hispaniola. 

This was the island which Oliver Cromwell, in 1654, sent 
Admirals Penn and Venabiesto conquer, with a line ieet, and 
lO^pQO land forces, the attempt howc¥er failed :-^yet to 
Ihia expedition we ewe the possession of Jannaies. Fort 
Louis, against which the present attack was dire£led, bad 
been strongly fortified against any attempts of the English : 
aeventyweight guns were mounted, mostly 42, 36, and aft 
poQiMkrs, and five mortars ; with great quantities of ^11 kinds 
of ammnnition, and stores* Most of the guns» and carriages^ 
were new, and many of them weighed from sixty-nine 
to eighty four hundred weight. The Britiskh Squadron. 
advanced in the midst of a brisk fire, biit did not return itf 
antil they were moored in a close line ahead wiUiin pistol^ 
shot of the fort. The resolution and determined valour 
displayed by the diff^srent crews^, and their brave eommandert* 
on this occasion, has been already ne^ticed^* The Governor, 
M* de Cbateaunoye, who had only half an hour grveoi 
him to d^t^rraine on the articles of capitulation, arrived 
tb? night before the atuck» with a reinforccrqent of thre^ 
companies of soldiers. Fort St. Loeis f surrendered on th» 

rkfAJmirals of the Wbite-^Hcnij Q»Wi3«, Hoil. Fitzwijr Kenry Lcc, 
Thomas Smith, E&qrs. 

tnce-Admirah of the i9/ir«— Thomas Griffin, Ixq, ; Sir Edward Hawke, K. B. 

kear^AdmiraU of the Art/— William ChambMS, Charles Knovics, £sqrs. 

lUar-Admlrak of the ^T^/'/r— Hon. John E^orbu^, Ho». Edward Boscawen. 

Rtttr-AJmirah of the Blue -Chxi\M yfiJtXum^ Ltf\, 

• Vol. I. pages III, iiz. 

f The town of St. Louis waa buth in the bogiansg of the present century , 
and is shuated at tko bottom of a bay vbieh fonBi an i«4iierent harbour. The 
ishttd of Hitpamohi, op St. Dosniago, vri^ originally callod Hay^ ot Mokk, \if 
the natiTos ; tv^iek Oolvmbns cKangod into Hispaniola, or Lit^e Spain, ui 
149a : It Is new smm coiBmonly bqovva by the aame of St. Doming from 
the city :^t. Damlnk, feonded so early, as in the yuM 1494 \ thk atprttetkt ii 
iIm capital of the >sla»d. It waa diidded betwf en the Freseh tad Spaniards ; 
sIm iMmer postesstng; ibe western, and tbe l%tier tbi eastern b«lf ; but by a 
treaty of peace coDtlnded betw^an Spain apd the Freach Rcpmblk, the formex 
hae glvta «p hef portioA. Fopt bt. Louia, en the looiii side, is buih on a small 
island, about tbree faaatese of a miie Ire a St> Oonunea : being detyKule v{ Ck^Is 



S4 %tOC9iAtHfCSL ICtMOfC 

following tenos :•— ^* The garrison not to serve against tlie 
King of Great Britain, or bis allies, during a year ; that they 
should march out with their arrosi but without eannoAt 
mortars, or amitiunition ; that the officers should retain their 
private baggage, atnd servants ; and that the town shoitld be 
spared on ceruin conditions, to be settled the next moriring/' 
After the reduction of Fort St Louis, Captain Brodie sailcci 
with the Squadron to make a second attempt on St. Jago de 
Cuba, which lies towards the eastern extremity of the island, 
and opposite to Jamaica. The bay has an excellent harbour 
for Ships, and is so safe and commodious, that it is inferior 
only to the Havanna in respe£t to situation for commerce. 
The town is about two leagues from the sea ; and the entrance 
into the bay is narrow for several miles, llie attempt was 
spirited, and worthy of Admiral Knowles ; as several years 
prior to this, Admiral Vernon , with a much superior ffeet, and 
a considerable body of land forces, had found the redn£Uon 
of it by sea impradicable : the plan which the former 
Admiral now conceived was well imagined, but through some 
mistake failed in the execution. The whole expedition^ 

water, it is only niipplied from the adjoining shore. Some idea of the importance 
of the island of St. Domingo, may be formed by the state of the French cxpsits, 
10 long ago» aa in the yea!* 1767 ; when they consisted ef 

X24 millions weight of sugar. 
1,769^61 lb« of indigOb 
150,000 lb. of cocoar. 
11,197,977 lb. of coffer. 
0,96^,910 lb. of c»tton. 

8,470 packets of raw hides. 
10,330 sides of tanned hides. 
4,180 hogslicads of rum. 
2i,iC4 hogsheads of ni^asses. 
Tfiis island is surrounded by craggy rocks, and dangerous shoals : it estcads 
from latitude 17 deg. 37 min. to oo deg. N. and from longitude 67 d^. 35 nun. 
to 74 deg. »5 min. W.— being near 400 miles in length, and near lao where 
broadest -from N. to S. The most noted places, under the French GoTemmcnt, 
in 1748, were Capt Fram^m with a fine harbour ; JP»rte AtMr, with a good 
anchorage, though the passage on the west is daogerouti in a N« or N. W. wind* 
This is the place which Dampier^ in his voyages, calk by mikuke ^Hit Gmw9t*^ 
"Ovhich lies at sixty leagues distance ; in the neighbourhood is good water ;— 
Zeoganey a bad port, about half a league from the sea, situated in a low bqggy 
^and, too hr off to defend any bhips in the road ; and ^4rt L*m, 



OF CAFTAIK DATIO BEODIB. #jf 

from the inspedioo of .private papers with which wei have 
been favoared, seems never to have been duly appretiated by* 
the public : and by no means deserved the abuse that some 
modem writers of repute have injudiciously bestowed. 
. During the ensuing month of August, Captain Bro* 
die, in the Strafford, 60 guns, sailed again under the £ag of 
Admiral Knowles> as one of the six Ships which he had 
selected to cruise off the Tcrtuga Banks^ in the hope of 
intercepting the Spanish plate fleet from La Vera Cruz.— - 
On the first of O&ober they fell in witlx a Spanish Squadron, 
then not far distant from the Havanna : having neared 
each other considerably, about three o'clock P. M. the 
Spaniards began to fire. The signal was immediately thrown 
oat by Admiral Knowles, for the different Ships * to bear 
down, when the greater part of them were soon closely 
engaged : the Spanish Admiral formed his line, with the 
Invincible, 74 guns, leading the Van, fallowing by theCon- 
qnestadore, 64 guns. Admiral Knowles, to oppose him, 
placed the Tilbury, 60 guns, Captain Powlett, in the vany 
followed by the Strafford, 60 guns, Captain Brodie. The 
aftion continued until late at pight, and for the three first 
hours was very warm. 

The force of the enemy, which has not hitherto been cor« 
itdly stated, consisted of six line of battle Ships, and one 
of 36 guns, under, the command of Vice- Admiral Reggio, and 
Rear-Admirsd Spinolaj they had 2coo men more than 
the English, whose whole force amounted to six line of 
battle Ships, and the. Lenox with 56 guns on board.^-— 

* For a list of the Squadron, Tid. Vol. I. page 115.— As no coned account of 
tbe number of men on board the Spanuh Ships has yet been printed, we will 
thank our leaders to alter the one inserted, for the following, which t| copied 
iram the mannscripti of an officer who was in the aSion. 



Invincible, 


- 


• 


7JO men. 


Conquestadorc, 


« 


- 


665 


Africa, 


- 


* 


7io 


New Spain, 


^ 


- 


665 


Dragon, 


- 


- 


665 


Royal Family - 


* 


• 


669 


Galgo 


• 


m 


3M 



ThoGeriqtmtadi&rt, 64 gum. Den T. J«8t», who wm 
during th« a£iion, struck to the Strafibrd, Captain Brodte, 
ifter making a brave defence, and being three timea set on firel 
The Africa, 74. gqnt^ Adminll Reggio*i Ftag> whose Captaiit 
Wta killed^ liaving bore away to leeward, next engaged the 
StraSbrd* with the wind upon aHMi abaft the beam» until nintf 
e'dock, when Captain Brodie laid her in qloae to the shore > 
kis Ship being then much crippled, from the centi'nued attack 
he had kept ifp with so much spirit, the pikff refused the 
Chargtt of her any longer. After being wore witfi great diffl- 
eulty, Captain Btodie during the night repaired his Ship's 
4amage, as well as he waa ahle ; and without delay retunM^ 
with the Cornwall to burn the Spanith Admitars Slnp^ 
This however bad been previouaiy done by the enemyw 
The remainder of the Spanish Fleet fovoured by the night, 
and the proximity of their own coaet, escaped into tlie port of 
the Havanna : the entrance of which, by a channel ^ of 
about half a mile in length, is narrow and gf difficfult aecesa 
to an enemy. 

Admiral Knowles tbu^ eoDclode^ bia account of the traeie* 
adions of the Squadron that was sent home : *« HavitYg m^ 
main topmast shot away, just at the very instant as theen^m]^ 
began to run> and my fore topsail being shot down before, I 
could not pursue them ao fiist as was neceesary : however l' 
set my sprit sail» and made what sail I coald^ and hauled down 
the signal for the lina» and made the general signal for chasing 
to leeward } which not being taken notieb of so soon as ie 
ought, I sent away my Captain aboard each &hip, with ordcre 
for them to pursue the enemy, and go close alQnj^sidc t}icni ; 

« since tl^e rear 1764^ whca it ira^ rfUaced bj tbf Epglii^ ^rse ante of «tr 

]»▼€ been sunk in it, to render it ttiU tt^of^ &f^M^\ to emtr. Mr* >Ulhwi»* 
In his Naval GazetteeTi si?e« the fi^Uowing ^iredipnt ior Hi]tng into it : — <« If 
a ^hip keeps in mid-chanaei, fo as to tTpid a so^ll ifinatl, thM i>c* o^^ from cack 
point of theentrance, there can be no danger ; anf]« after a ^ip ii in, unless she 
runs on shore for mischief, a( the very time of high watf^r, t^cre is no fear of 
her floating off without danuige , a§ the v^holq is a soft ooze. A thousand sail of 
JRhips may ride here coninio4i"W^4 wit|y>et ^thier ^abi^ 9r anchor, the average 
depth is six fathoiasw" 



knd noi lie firing at such « distance as they dtd» 6r I woi)l4 
icttd flaotber offictr to coiamaad their Ships.^^At tlie same 
titne I oiadc the Gaatcitbufy'ft signal to make more tail, who 
«oon g9t ttp with the eneoiy, and behaved ettiemely well 
Thb wat about a quarter after five^ whea the fire wa* lenewed 
on both aide§»^ 

" FindHig I toiild iiot«ome up again with The Squadron, 
•ad oineiVirig Ihat the Admirers Second (wh9 bud struck cnts 
i^#rv)fo«iM not make aail to get up with the rosst of the Squa- 
dron neither, I bore down to hiih^ and presently made him 
aurikei aftd call tmtfer <|tiarter« and drore away another Ship 
which Tile Spanish Admiial was lending to hta assistance ; 
and lettt immediate dircftions for the Warwick to pursue her : 
^fter taking possession of the prize, and shifting tlie prisoners, 
I stood to the N. W . about two, or three leagues, and brought 
tOjiind in the morning was joined by thf rest of the Squadron. 
During the night got down thp stump of the main topmast ;; 
and next day rigged a new one, and got the Ship in order 
again for sertice. Wfara Captain Clark» tnd Captain Brodie, 
joined aje, they informed me they had left the Spanish Vice- 
Admira! ttose in shofe, mth his masts gone ; which, as soon 
a the Sliips could be got to carry sail, I went in quest of, and 
the next day found .him at an anchor in a small bay caile4 
^«wra (about eight leagues to the eastward of the Havanna)^ 
when I ran in with a design to have taken or burnt him ; 
bat the enemy saved me the trouble— they setting fire 
to the Ship themselves so soon as I came within a random 
shot distance. After seeing her blow up, I bore away for 
the Havanna, and landed all the prisoners ; where I found 
the four other Ships had got in greatly shattered, the Rear* 
Admiral particularly^ whose topmasts were all gone.*' 

As Captain Brodie a£ted a noble and disinterested part in 
the coun martial which arose from this event *« and took 

* This tStkm not aalj clo$ed the war, bat wm afiterwardt tlie soorct of vio- 
leat altercation, in consequence of which at has not been impartially colitidencd, 
nen by the judgment of tlie Hittorian— we add, that a correct de&ign of the 
ivbolt was made by ^aytfu^ under the dire^ion of Caftaan Brodie, and is now 

B his son*s'poaes«ion : an eogravlng from this will probably be given in tha 
f onrsc of our work. 



Bi6g1A?HICAL MIMOIft 

place on Admiral Knowles at Deptfordt on board his Ma*- 
jesty's yacht the Charlotte^we shall now proceed to state snch 
particulars, as relate to the oh}e€t of our present memoir ; 
especially as they tend to furnish a more correft idea of that 
inemorable a£Hon, which closed the war. Of this Court 
Admiral Rowley was president ; and Vice- Admiral Hawke, 
Rear-Admiral Forbes $ and Captains Thomas Sturton, 
William Parry, Merrick de L' Angle, Richard Haddock, and 
Matthew Buckle, were members. The accusers were Captains 
HelmiSj Powlitt^ ToII^ and Innes. 

. The Court Martial assembled on the eleventh of December, 
(1749). On Thursday the 14th Captain David Brodie, late 
Commander of the Strafford, being sworn, gave the following 
testimony ; 

CaptaSa Innes, What distance was the Camwatt (Rcar-Admird 
Knowlcs) from the Strafford^ when the adion began with the 
Strafford f^^A. I believe near a nule ; there was the distance occa- 
vioned by the Lenox being ordered astern of theAdmind: before 
that we were at a very good distance ; the Van was in a very good 
Iine« 

j^ How long 4id the ComvfcU continue engaged with Admind 
Keggto ? — A, About an hour— not five minutes over or under. 

^ Did 70U order a minute to be taken of Rear -Admiral Knowles'ii 
hauling out of the line, and of the time he had been engaged ?-^* 
A. Of the time of his being engaged I did; but of his hauling out 
of the line I could not* because I netcr saw him haul out of the 
line. 

Prisontr* Besides yoyr own Ship^how many Ships w^re thCTC ever 
in a line with the Cornwall^ during the time of aflion ? — A. The 
LenoXf is all I can say was in the line ; for the Cornwall, and Lenox^ 
being between me and the Ships astern, I could not observe them— the 
TUhury was on my larboard bow* and the Oxford^ about a point, or 
little more, before my beam. 

Caftmn Inneu Did you observe the ComwaB'i foresail hauled up^ 
after she had been some time engaged ? — A. N09 I did not. 

^ Did you observe her heave up in the wind, after she had been 
engaged ? — A. Not till after the engagement ceased, and the Spanish 
Admiral was put to flight. 

* For fqrther particalar» of this court martial, vid vol. iit, page 1 14 



OP CAPTAIN DAYID BRODIB. S9 

j^ Did Admiral Regg;io bear aw«y before the wind, or did he 
come aad attack the Strafford ? — A. He bore away before the wind 
for ten or twelve minutes ; I believe with the wind upon the 
quarter, about W. and by S. or W. S, W. after which he hauled 
his wind, came up» and engaged the Strafford. 

Prironer* After the Spanish Admiral was put to flight, did not the 

Rear- Admiral make the signal for chasing to leeward ; and did not 

you immediately bear away, and endeavour to get into a£hion with the 

Spanish Admiral, in consequence of that signal ? — J* I did, I ported 

my Helm immediately, and bore away, and came to a close engage- 

ment with Admiral Reggio* When the Spanish Admiral bore awayt 

\it Wsted a signal at the Mizen Peek, which to the best of my 

inemory were Biscayan colours ; and a little before he hauled his wind, 

betook it down again. 

^ When Admiral Reggio bore away, did you nbt observe the 
bead of his maintop-mast, and maintop-gallant- mast, hang over to 
ftarhoard, and his main mast shake, as if it would fall over his side ? 
J, I saw his maintop-gallant-mast was wounded, and hang over to 
ftarboard, and his main- mast , quiver, as though it would fall over 
his side. 

CapUim Inneu Did Admiral Reggio endeavour to avoid the 
Straffordt or did he come to the attack of her ?—- ^. He avoided to 
come into a^on with the Strafffordj till he was out of reach of the 
Corvmalti guns, and until his own second astern had come pretty 

near to him ; his second ahead was drove out of the line, and fallen 
astern of me* 

J^ Did you see the Cornwall bring-to, by the Spanish prize, the 
Conqutstadorey about sun- set }^-ji, Y(rs, I did. 

^ Was not the body of the Spanish Squadron » at that time en« 
gaged with the body of his Majesty's Squadron ? — A. I ivas myself ; 
and the Canterbury came on *very seasonahly to my assistance ; and t 
believe the llUmry^ and Oxford^ were at the .same time engaged with 
Spinola, ahead of me. 

^ Was not the success of the a^ion then depending, and the 
Spanish Ships of superior force, headed by their two Admirals ?— 
A. I thiik we had then greatly the superiority ; and bad I been 
weB seconded astern^ I was in hopes to have been in possession of the 
Spanish Admiral ; for our Centre was then stronger than theirs. 

^ Do you think, if there had been a Commanding Officer to have 
coQc^ed the Ships after dark, a greater vidory might have been ob- 
tained ? 

JDol III. N 



yO VIOORAPaiCAL MtMOfR 

The following spirited and ready answer of Captain^Brodie 
particularly deserves the attention of our readers : it was no^ 
ticed in all the public-prints of the day, as it deserved : 

A. I think If every Ship had done her duty Becoming a British man if 
fvar^ we might have obtained a more complete *vi3ory ; hut how far the 
presence of a Commanding Officer may animate j I cannot say — / wanted nif 
Commanding Officer to animate me, 

^ Was the Cornwall to windward or to leeward of the Squadron, 
when you saw her bring -to by the Conquestadore prize ? — Am She was 
rather to leeward then ; because we had hauled closer to the wind, so 
as to bring the wind upon the beam ; and she had bore away, at the 
same time, after the Conquestadore^ 

^ What distance was you from the Conquestadore, when the 
Cornw^zi/ brought- to by her ?— -^, I believe between three and four 
miles it might be, to the best of my judgment. 

Captain Hohnesm Was the Lenox engaged at sunset ?— X Yes, I 
believe she was. 

Court,. What was the shape of the Spanish line, when the engage* 
ment first began ? — A, I think pretty strait ; rather a line of battle 
idiead than any half moon. 

j^ What Sail had the Spanish Admiral's Ship set, when you en- 
gaged her, after she Itfi the Cornwall >^^ A* When she bore away 
from the Cornwall^ she had topsails, courses, foretop-gallant-sail, 
and one yard-arm of the maintop-gallant-sail ; and when she hauled 
her wind to engage me, she hauled Up her mainsail, and hauled down 
her small sails. 

J^. How much migSit she go with the sail she had aboard, while 
hei mainsail was set ?— wf. I believe about three knots, or three and an. 
half ; there w^s but little wind, and the water smooth. 

On Monday, the eighteenth of December, at nine o'clock, 
the Court being again met, Captain Brodic, in his testimony 
to the charafter of Admiral Knowles, gave still a more 
distinct and general account of the a£tioii off the Ha- 
vanna : 

Prisonerm On the first of 06lobcr, 1 748, do you remember the 
time of day we discovered the Spanish Squadron ? — A. Yes, I made 
the signal for discovering them, as I was stationed on the Comwalf^ 
larboard bow during the night ; I made the night signal for disco- 
vering them, about break of day, five o'clock. 



OF CAPTAIN DATID BRODII* 9( 

^ What sitoation were the tacmj's Ships then in ?— ^. There 
were Bvc Sail in the S. £. quarter upon my larboard bow» and 
three Sail on the starboard bow, to the S.. and by W. or S. S« W» : I 
was then the windwardmost Ship of our Squadron. The five sail were 
about three leagues from me ; the three about six, or seven miles 
98tem of thpm ; both standing to the northwardi with their starboard 
tacks on board, 

^ Do you remember what position our ' Squadron was in ? 
— J, I remember the situation of part of them $ the Oxford was 
rutber aboat a point btfore my Seam ; the Canterbury was the 
leewardmost of the Squadron ; .there was one Ship, I don't know 
which it was, that was a good deal right astern of the Cornwall ; 
and the other two seemed to me» to be upon the CcmwalPs lai'board 
X^parter. 

J^ Suppose I had made sail diredly on the Tack I was on, without 
Waiting to form the Line of Battlct do you think I could have pre- 
vented the Enemy's separated Ships from joining, .allowing them to 
jise all pQssiUe Means to have done it ?^/f. No, I don't think we 
qmMs because I am very sure their If^ew^rdmost Ships, would 
have ^weathered me« and I was the ^eat^ermost Ship of the Squa* 
dron. 

C^^rni Itmei. How was the Wind at that Time l^J. When we 
lacked* it was at East ; but during the Dpy it veered from the 
East, and by North, to the £«st and by South. 

^stwn npetied.^'^A* I beHeve the Wind vras at East then. For 
.we laid up ;(bout S, $• £ast. 

Pruoner. Considering the Situation and Motions of the Enemy's 
SquadroBf don't you think, by forming the Line of JBattie on the 
omtrary T^ck, as I did, and making that small trip, we gained.a coi^- 
sidjerablc adyantage of them }'^4» Yes, I think we certainly did ; for 
we gained the Wind of them* 

Cafttm Innesm I desire to know whether we gained the Wind of 
jthem, fay pur sending to the Northward, or by their running down to 
their Leeveardmost Ships ? — Am I think by our making that Trip ; 
because, as I 6aid before, I thought their Leewardmost Ships would 
have weathered me. 

Fruotter, How long did we stand on the Starboard Tack, in 
making that little Trip we did ; and what Distance might we run ?•«- 
^.. I bdieve we stood about half an Hpur ; and I don't believe 
I went above two Miles to the Northward. 

!^ When the Squadron did tack, was not the Line of Battle 
compa6Uy fortned, and did not every Ship tack in good order f-^ . 
A* Yes, as far as I saw» the Line was as. well formed a Line, as I 



^t BIOGRAPHICAL MBMOIR 

ever desire to see : after we were about, the Sirafford and ComwaB 
cheered each other ? 

Captain Toll, What Distance of Time was there, between the Van 
and Rear's Tacking ? — A. I really don't recoiled. 

Pruotur. About half an Hour after Elight, did I not make the 
Sigpial to close the Liney haul, up my Main-Sail, and lower my Top- 
GaUant-Sails ; the stemmost Ships being too great a distance from the 
centre i^^J* Yes, I believe it was between eight and nine. 

^ When they neared me, did I not make the Signal to lead largc^ 
and crowd Sail again, to get quicker up with the Enemy ?•— >i#. Yes* 
I remember the Signal pexfc6Uy well. 

^ About ten o'clock, did not the Enemy set their mab*sailB, and 
haul close up ? — J, Yes, they did ; I cxpeded they would stretch 
aheady in order to double and get the Wind : and I was very glad to 
see that we haul'd our Wind. 

^ In about half an Hour, did not the Enenty shorten safl 
again?"//. Yes» they haul'd their Main-sail up afterwards. 

^ Soon after they had shortened Sail, did not they alter the Dis* 
position of their Line, by putting another Ship astern of the Vice- 
Admiral* and turning the Frigate to Leeward ?— -if. Yes, they 
did. 

^ Upon this Motion of the Enemy's, did I not dire^y change 
Places with the Ltnoxf and make the Oxford*% Signal to quit my Line 
and lie as a corps de reser<ve .^-— ^. I saw a Boat go on boat d the 
Lenoxt and she immediately dropped astern of the Admiral; and 
about Noon, by my Watch, I saw the Oxford^ % Signal out to quit the 
Line. 

J^« By making this Alteration in my Line, did it not become 
equal to the Enemy's, and 1 place myself opposite to the commanding 
Admiral of the Enemy's Squadron ?— ^« It did,- and the Admirri 
and Spanuh Commanding Officers became Opposite. 

^ When the Van of my Line was advanced abreast of the 
Enemy's, did not the Spanish Vice -Admiral begin to fire upon the 
TMury and Strafford ? — j1» He did. 

J^ Did not the Tiihury return her fire ?— ^. She did diiedly, and 
I did not fire a gun until ten Minutes afterwards, which was juet 
the Distance between the Signal's being made, and their beginning 
to fire upon us. 

^ Was any Signal, made for Battle, out then on board the 
Cornwall f—A. No, not when the Ttlhury began to fire. 

Captain Jnms. Were the TV^r; and Straford then equally distant 
fiom the enemy }.^A. No, I was nearer the enemy than the TtOmry 
was I I alwaya kept her open upon my weather Bow. 



OF CAPTAIN DATIO BftODlC. 93 

^ What Distance miglit you be astern of the T'dhuiy, when she 
€red her first shot f-— i^. About a Cable's Length and an half, I 
ixUeve. 

^ Had you not several Men kflled on board the Strafford before 
you returned the ^^t ?— if • I really don't recoiled ; I believe there 
might be some killed ; our rigging was much diot> but cannot say, 
whether there were any men killed, or wounded. 
' ^. Did any of the shot hull you, before you began to fire ?— 
jf. I don't remember any did, although we were near enough for 
them to V^ us, to be sure, but we were a great deal too far for any 
musqucting. 

Prismier* When I found the Adion thus brought on without 
Signal, or Orders, did I not immediately make the Signal to lead 
large ?— jf . You did. 

^ . By making the Signal to lead large, did I not give the 
Warwick an opportunity of dosing the Line speedilyer, had she set 
sail and crowded up ?— >f. I did not see the 9Farwici at that time* 

^ When Captain PwvUit had thus drawn on the adion, was it 
not the most prudent step, I could take, to bear down, and endeavour 
to come to close Adion as speedily as possible I — A» I think it was* 
^ Did you see the T'Sury obey the Signal for leading large f— 
-^, No. 
. J^. Did I not fire a shot at her, to make her obey it ?— ^. I do&*t 

know, I don't remember any shot fired. 

^. Finding she did not obey the Signal to lead large, did I not 
800D after make her Signal to come to a closer engagement ? — 
A, Yes, I saw her Signal out, and a Signal to come to a closer 
.engagement* 

^ Did not the Strtffbrd ahead of me, and the Lenox astern of m^ 

4>bey the Signal for leading large, and bear down with me to the 

enemy \^^A* I know the Strafford ^\A ; but the Comw^ being between 

JDC^ and the Lenoxy I don't know what she did. 

• ^ Did I not keep my main-sail set, and every sail abroad. 

.until I got into my station, abreast of the Vice- Admiral ? — 

ji. Yes, she came down with such a resolution and intrepidity^ 

that I cannot help mentioning what I said in a letter I wrote the next 

day. — '* I was engaged with the Conquestadorty the Vice-AdmiraU 

and the Galgo frigate, when the Cornwall came up to my assistance 

with great resolution and intrepidity, and came to a very dose engage- 

ment, yard*arm and yard-arm, with the Vice- Admiral's Ship and her 

two seconds, and obliged the Covqueitadore to strike a second time, 

•immediatdy after her coming up. The Conquettadore had before 

struck to me^ and hoisted her cokmrs ]^n, when she was got upon 



94' .BIOGRAPHICAL MIMOIR 

my startxnrd quarter : they first spread them over the netting of the 
larboard quarter, and then hoisted them in the nuxen shrouds 
on the larboard side — I was then dose by her/' 

J^ As I passed by the caemy^s stemmost Sbipsy ta my way to the 
Vice«AdniinJ, did not they continue firing upon me aU the way I 
wnit ?— ^. I saw a fire fipom the enemyf but I could not Myj who 
it was at. 

^ Just before we began to engage, did not yoa see me haul up 
my main*sail, and lower my top-gallaiit-sails ?««^. Yes, I did ; I 
nw you «horten saiL 

^ Did you not see the Warwick^ during the a^ionf lying a laag 
maj astern of the Conquutadorey with her main-sail up, maintop-aaO 
abacky and top-gallant^saib lowered ?— ^* I did iy)t take any notice 
of the Warwick until towards six o'clock, when the Conwali wwi 
gone to take possession of the CoaquestaJore, 

^ During the adion with the Spanish Vjce-Admiial, did not yon 
see the enemy's stemmost Ships shoot up as near as ihey could to oorcr 
their Admiraly and keep firing under my stem at me l-^Jm They shot 
up all together, and were in very great confusion, and kept a coostmit 
firing, the whole four Ships, 

Cafifain Itrnet. Did you see the CamwaBf during the adion, ever 
luff up, with some of her topsails aback } — J. No. 

Prisoner* While you were engaging the ConquesUidon^ was die not 
set on fire ? — A. She was all in a Uaze, 

^ Did she not strike presently after ? — A. She did. 
^. How long did the Cornwall continue in action ?— i#. Aboat 
an hour, I believe, to the best of my remembrance. 

^ Did not the Cornwall beat the Vice- Admiral out of thek'ne, 
make him bear away roundi and crowd all the sail he coold set ; and 
did he not hoist a Biscay ensign at his mizen peek at that time ?— 
^n The Cornwall did beat Admiral Reggio out of the line ; he 
ported his helm round, set his main-sail^ foretop gallant-sail, sprit-sad, 
and head sails, and one yard-arm of his maintop-gallaat^l : at the 
same time I expeded his main mast to go by the board every miiuite ; 
and I believe, had it not been for an unlucky shot carrying away the 
Corn'U'ali'a maintop mast, he would not have engaged a quarter of aa 
hour longer ; for I ntvcr saw people in greater confustoo than they 
wero. He then hoisted a signal at his mizen peek, which conti- 
nued up a little time, while he bore away, and then he took it down 
again. 

' Captain Imeu Was not the Strafir^^ foretop-sail-yaid shot down 
at the same time ?— i#. 1 don't know that the Sln^ord"^ fiMet<^ 
s«ii-yard iK-as shot away at aH ^ my maintop, lail^yard was down upon 



OF CAPTATrr DA'tTD Bit'Otlil* 9^ 

the dpf and continued «b until the evening, until I liad an oppor- 
tunity to reef the top-«iiL 

^ If Admfral Reggio had been tndined to aroid the Strafford^ 
wai it in the Stngfbrti'% ^^er to have reiiewed the engagement with 
him ?— ->^. If he could have avoided the engagement^ I believe 
he would ; but the Strafford went better than he did^ and I bor« 
away innnediately after tiim, when I saw hiih bear away, and 
brought hira again to the enga^emtnt-<j-and kept engaging with him 
and the other Ship, until the Catderhwj catne iti very seasonably^ to 
mj aseistanei!. 

J^ How long did Admiral Reggio continue engaged after he left 
the ContttfoB^^-^J. I believe about two hours. 

^ Did he koep engaging upon a wradf or did he keep edging away f 
A. They kept away large the whole time of engaging, with fhc 
wind upon the beam^ and abitft the beam \ and, at eight o'clock tt 
ni^t vfft were aknoat afbre the wind, the enemy bearing away &r thd 
Havinnsk 

Prisoner, Was not the Corwaudl witbin musket-shot of the Vice-* 
Admiral during the whole engagement ?— ^. I really believe she was, 
or tsexf&c: 

^ Bid yott see the Cotn^totiS'i htt^nH ever haul'd up during the 
a6li<tti l^^A. No 1 I am roniidcnt it waa not 2 for when I looked at 
her, die fomack was on boai^ and I saw the gib bose^ and the spm* 
sail) and sprii^sad top-saily aet. 

^ Do yoo think the CtfnwoBtoiM kate ever got into a^iott 
again with the Spmush Vice- Adnfiralf in t^ eovklitidn she appeared to 
you to be ifif— >>jf. I don't think she could« 

Capfmn Jtrntj: As Adh^ival Reggio engs^ed the Bt^Jhrd with the 
wind upoil^ and abaft the EeAhy and had bore away to leeward 
belbiv he eiigaged^erv do you thk)kfh«l thi! Gi)mwdt% studding saib. 
forward, would not have stood ? — A. Yes, I believe they wH»uld.«— 
He bore a^ Mdy ab6Ut Xm or t^ehrfr ftfinfutes. 

Prismur. When ycfu gdt up info aftiott with the Vice- Admiral 
agak, dont you think if 1 'had stopped the Cahttrhury to have shifted 
my fbg im board hkr^ that the Strafford would have heen soon beaten t9 
fieces% or SntbiedP'^A. Yes» I think she tvoidd. 

^ Should I not then have had two disabled Ships to the enemy's 
one ?— -A Yes. 

Captam hinet. Dk) you ^Ml \hat the €ofiit»aW% twdve^oaredboat, 
could not have row'ed and sailisd faster than the Canterbury at that time, 
wjth afl the saH she'hadjbift l^^-^A* I cannot say what the Canterbury 
vttvktt at that <i^M-u-»I%yhk -k would have been 'dangetous to have Htsi 
a boat on board hcri without her shorteoing sail at^ that time. 



9^ BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR 

^ Did not the same twclve.oared boat, with Captain Tajlor in 
her, go to the van of the Fleet much about that time, without bring-* 
ing any oiie Ship to ? — A. It wan before that time ; but it was easier 
for her to get to the van of the Fleets than to the Canterbury ; because 
the' Tan were under an easy sail, and the CaiUcrhury had all the sail 
gut that she could set* 

j^ Could not the Rear^Admiral have shifted his flag on board 
any one Ship of the Squadron^ after bis maintop- mast was gone ? — 
A. I believe the boat might have gone on board any Ship ; she 
might have gone on board the Canterbury,, if the Rear- Admind would 
bave stopped her ; but I should have thought it a very imprudent 
thing» when I was engaged with three Ships at the same time. 

Prisoner. When the enemy were flying, and dispersed} and engi^cd 
la the manner they did in the night, if I had shifted my flag on board 
any other Shipi could I have been able to have oonduded any more 
than that single Ship I had been on board of ? — J, I think not. 

^ After I found I could not get into a6Uon with the Vicc- 
Admtral, did you not see the Cornviall steer after the Conquatadore ^ 
—A. I did. 

j^ Did not you observe another of the enemy *s Ships steering, 
towards the Conqueitadore^ and did not she fire at the Cornwall f^-^ 
A* I saw another of the enemy's Ships bear away, in consequence of 
a signal which I imagined at first to be, to steer to his own portf lor 
every body to take care of themselves ;* and afterwards I saw him port 
bis helm, and haul away towards the Conquestadore : but who he fired 
at, as I was then at a great distance, I cannot judge, 

^ Do you think, if the Comnvall had not bore down and taken 
the Conquettadore^ that the other Ship might not have prote^ed her» 
and carried her off, against any resistance the Warwcb could have 
made I — A^ 1 should have thought they would have behaved very iUf 
if they had not* 

^ To what cause do you think it was owing, our not having 
better success, in the first part of the a6iion with the Spanish Squadron 
during day-light ? — A, I believe great part vras owing to our two 
headmost Ships not closely engaging the Spaniih Rear- Admiral, and 
to the rear's not coming early into a6tioni and indeed the H^arwici 
not at all. 

^ po you know, that there was any thing left undone by me^ 
that ought to bave been done ; either in chasing the enemy, before 
adion, in attacking the enemy, or in pnrsuing them afterwards : if. 
you do, declare it to the Court* — jf* I do not know any thing tha^ 
was omitted ; I think every thing was done that could be^ doQC^ by a 
bravcj prudenti and gallant officer* 



OF CAPTAIN DAVID BRODIB. 97 

Cafiain Innes. When the a^ion began, were the Spaniards drawn 
up in a close line of battle ? — A. They were in a very good line. 

J^ Was our line clo8e> or scattered, when the adion began ?f 
J. The van of the Fleet was in a tolerable good line as far as the 
centre ; the only opening that I know of was upon the Lenox*^ going 
astern of the Cornwall, from being ahead of her^ between her and the 
Strqffifrd : and the rear I don't know the situation of — ^when I bore 
away and opened the Comwallt I saw the Canterbury, and Wanmck, a 
gi(tat way astern. 

^ At twelve o'clock} when the opening happened by the LenoM^g 
going astern, was it not in the Admiral's power to have stopped the 
heady and centre Ships, until they were closed by the rear ; and have 
carried the Squadron down in a close line of battle, as the enemy did 
not run from us ?— -/^. I imagine if the Admiral had stopped the van 
and centre Ships, until the rear had closed, he would not have got 
into adion before dark, as it was late before the Canterbury came in, 
after she had orders to make sail ahead, and came down with all the 
sail she could set ; neither do I imagine that the Spaniards ever staid 
for us, because they kept under sail the whole day, and during the 
adion, in order to draw us nearer to their own shore, and their own 
ports. 

^ Were not four of the Spaniards under their topsails^ and some 
with their mizen topsails aback, most of the day, until the adion 
began l^^A. I remember but two of them being under their topsails, 
the two sternmost of them, and that, to keep in their stations ; and 
the reannost had sometimes her mizen topsail aback*. 

J^ Did not you know that the ff^arwick's fore-topsail was reefed ? 
J» I did not know it. 

^ If the Rear-Admiral had ordered the Canterbury to change 
places witli the ff'arwici, and joined the Ships in the centre, and 
ordered the Oxford into the line, might he not have carried down six 
Ships at least, in a well-formed Hue of battle, to the attack of the 
enemy ? — J, 1 do not know what should have hindered the ^even 
Ships from being in a good line, if every man had done aU in their 
power. 

^ Could you be a judge at what hour the Warwick came into 
a&ion ? — jS. I never saw the Warwick in a&ion ; I saw you fire a few 
guns, but I never saw you in adion. 

^ Was you upon the quarter- deck all the time of the adlion ?— 
ji» I was, but once that I went down to know why the upper and 
quarter deck guns could not be supplied with powder ; which was 
while the Conquesiddore was between me and the Sfanisb Vice- Admiral^ 
apd I was not down five minutes* 

^ol. liL o 



9S Biographical mbkioir 

^ At what distance was you from the Cornwatty when you saw 
her bring -to by the Conquestaifon ?'^jin I was then upon deck» and 
"took particuhir notice of it ; and believe I might be about three or 
four miles from her. 

^ Did you observe whether the Conquestadore^ or Comwal/f 
brought-to first ?— y^. I did not ; I was in a very warm aflion myself, 
and was very glad to see the Cornwall had bore away to take posses- 
•fcion of her. 

^ What was the signal for the line of battle in the nijjht ?-* 
^. I do not recollefl. — Afr, Knowles says they were triangular ligbtsm 

^ If the Rear- Admiral had shifted his flag, could he not, by means 
of these triangular lights, and sending boats on board the Ships \Vithin 
reach, have continued to have d-rcdled and condudled such Ships ? 
A. I cannot give an answer to any such question. 

Captain TolL If the Rear-Admiral, in the beginning of the a6tion, 
had found any officer faulty in his duty, was it not his indispensable 
duty to have immediately suspended them then, and to have appointed 
others that would have behaved better \ — A. Yes, I think he 
might. 

Court. What Ships of the enemy do you think had suffered in the 
zBXon before night ? - A, The Conquestadore, and Vice-AdmirJ 
Rtggio, were damaged in both masts, yards, and sails ; the other in 
their sails and rigging only, as far as appeared to me. 

^ Did the Coiiques.'.jdore strike to the Strafford^ in acknowledg- 
ment of her intentions to surrender, or because her colours were shot 
clown ? — A, She struck with inlcr.lion to surrender, for her colouri 
Were not thot down, but Iiaul'd down ; and my people got up and 
gave her three cheers. 

i^ Were the cncjny*s Sliips scattered towards the evening, after 
the Sjiwish Admiral left the Corninu:! ? — Am Tiiey were scattered ; 
the Rear- Admiral was a good way ahead* 

^ Could Rear-Admiral Knowles have come to a6lion with thcmg 
if he had drawn his Sliips into aline of battle in the night }^A, No ! 
it was impossible ; there could have been no more than three Ships 
toaclher. 

i^. How long before the Admiral did you begin to engage ?— - 
A. About sixteen or seventeen minutes, by my watch. 

J^. How long was you engaged wnth the Conjuestadore^ the GaJgOf 
and the Spanish Admiral ? — A. From the first of their firing at me, to 
the time of the Cornwall's comincr to second me — that is ten minutcf 
after they fired at me, before the signal to engage was made, and six- 
' teen or seventeen afterwards, before the Cornwall came in and engaged 
the Spfuiish Admiral. — The Conquejtadore stood but a few broadsidrs i 



OF CAPTAXV DAVID BRO^IB. .99 

slic behaved very badly ; or would never have been drove out of the 
line so soon us slie was* 

The PrUoner nvUhdrew, 

Courts As you have been in several alliens with the Rear- Admiral, 
you will inform the Court, whether you ever saw him shew any marks 
of fear, confusion, or passion ; or behave anywise unbecoming an 
officer, in the station he bore ? 

A. No, very far from it : / have been in several aQions with htm, 

and never knew any person cooler^ less confused^ or more 'void of passion ; 

nor did he ever betray any marks of fear y and was particularly remarhable 

for being most accurate in signals ; and I look upon him to he a brave, and 

gallant officer j and most zea/ousfor the service of his King and Couniry, 

The aftivc spirit of Captain Brodie, which induced him to 
keep his profession always in view though labouring under 
considerable bodily pain, was roused on the commence- 
ment of hostilities with Spain : he accordingly, on the fifth 
of January, 1762, sent the following letter, from his house 
in South Audley-strect, to Mr. Cleveland, who acknow- 
ledged the receipt of it. 

SIR, 

War being declared against Spain, I take the earliest opportunity 
to offer my service, whenever their Lordships think ptoper to honour 
me with their commands. 1 was found serviceable during last war in 
the West Indies, where I am well acquainted ; and hope I shall not 
be less so, if their Lordships think proper to employ me in any part of 
the globe* 

I am, &c. 

DAVID BRODIE- 

The application of this gallant officer was however 
unsuccessful : an event which he, in common with every 
other British Seaman, dreaded worse than death. — He again 
renewed his applications, and was again mortified by re- 
ceiving no reply. This was a severe trial to a Veteran, who 
might have shewn his wounds like a Roman to his country- 
men, and have claimed their gratitude : he bore it with that 
heroic firmness, which displayed the superior principle that 
always afluated his condudt ; and amid an extensive circle of 
/fiends, and the avocations of a liberal mind, looked forwar4 
to periods more favourable and eventful. 



100 BIOGRAPHICAL MiMOIt 

If the anxiety of Captain Brodie's feelings had been great, 

• 

on perceiving his oflFer of service disregarded ; what were his 
sensations when» maimed and wounded as he was, he found 
himself at length superseded, in the promotion of Admi- 
rals that afterwards took place. — ^The very interesting 
debate) which arose in consequence in the House, ren» 
ders any remarks unnecessary ; and particularly demands 
the attention of every one, not only on account of the cmi-' 
nent charaftcr, who took the lead in it ; but also, as the 
independence of the Service was involved in the discussion. 
It forms an admirable eulogy on the brave officer, who is now 
no more ; and elucidates some of the most brilliant parts of 
his professional conduft. 

On Monday the fifth of March (1787) Sir Matthew White Ridley *, 
lequested that The House would indulge him with their particular 
attention, whil&t he adverted to the Case of Captain David Brodib» 
an officer of most extraordinary merit, who had been superseded in the 
late promotions to the Flag, on account of his not having serred in the 
last war ; an Order having been made that no officer so circumstanced 
should be promoted. Sir Matthew Ridley contended, that it had not 
been owing to any fault or failure of his own, that Captain Brodie had 
not served in the war, preceding the late promotions ; since he had 
repeatedly applied, and offered his Services in person, and also applied 
by letter. — In the course of his speech. Sir Matthew read the memo- 
rial of Captain Brodie •(the substance of which has been already in- 
serted), and his letter to Mr. Cleveland in 1762. He then proceeded 
to enforce the Claim of Captain Brodie ; deckring that he asked for 
no emolument, or pecuniary reward ; but was only anxious to obtain 
(what every man of feeling must conceive to be dear to an officer as 
his life) the rank to which he was entitled by meritorious services ; the 
denial of which he could not but consider as a degradation and disgrace 
implying censure, and involving punishment. Sir Matthew then 
moved an address to his Majesty, alledgingf on the part of The Howe^ 
their being satisfied that Captain Brodie wai entitled to a restoration to rank ; 
euid praying His Majesty to distingtuih him hy some mark of his Royal 
Favour, 

Sir John Miller observed, that in seconding (as he did) the motion 
of the Honoiu^blc Baronet, he felt the highest confidence ; inasmuch 
as he had been for many years the neighbour of the woithy Veteran^ 

* JDebrett's Debates, voLzzi.pagc 370, 



or CAPTAIN DAVID BRODlB, 40C 

irfiose Ctse was now under the consideration of The House ;^ and 
^hoj he could assert from his own knowledge, was as much esteemed 
fer hjs personal Yirtuesy in private and retired life^ as he had beea 
tvspededy by men of eminence and discernment in the Nary, for hit 
services and exertions in the line of his profession. Captain Brodie'tf 
Memorial (which he held in his hand) crowded, into a very narrow 
compass, services which ww!d ha'ue Sgnified the longest life ; services 
wfaieh the Country should be proud to acknowledge ; services which 
the Hoose, he thought, would certainly have sent up to the Throne 
for acknowledgment on the eleventh of May, by arespeAable majority^ 
had the present question come before them at that time ; which would 
have proved the case, but that it appeared to the friends of Captain 
Biodie, i^o were then present, that it would be more for the honour of 
Parliament, and of the Nation, as well as of the meritorious officer him« 
self, to permit a becoming requital to descend upon him graciously and 
spontaneously, (which th'ey fully «xpe6ied would have been the case hk 
cooseqoence of the statement then made to Parliament) and without 
straggle or resistance from any quarter whatsoever. — Sir John here 
called to the recoUe^on of the House what had passed ^ that assembly 
apoD the eleventh of May. Captain Brodie's services, and wishes* 
were had before them ; and a motion was made, immediately after^ 
for pheing upon the Invalid List such of the Eldest Naval Captains 
whose commissions bore date prior to some, or any, of our Flag 
Officers. — That Motion was carried by a respe^ble majority ; whidk 
made him presnme that any mention, in favour of Captain Brodie» 
would have been carried also upon the same grounds, and perha^ 
neariy by the same majority. 

The extent of Captain Brodie's services, said Sir John, entitle them 
to notice : sixty years constitute no common length of service, and 
suggest to me a remark-*that when this officer first entered into the 
British Navy, some of our present Admirals were not born ; two of 
them I can assert were not, than whom no officers had done more 
honour to themselves, or more distinguished services to their country. 
It may be asked — ^What prevented Captain Brodie's obtaining from 
former Administrations, that which he at present solicits through the 
intercessioB of The House? The reply, Sir, is— that it was well known 
to the Navy, it was well known to Parliament, it was well known to 
every man in the Nation, that Administration, and that Board of Adnd- 
ralty, which had so long disgraced and dishonoured, and in the end 
nearly mined the Country, had been distinguished, beyond all others, for 
little mean prejudices, jealousies, fackions, partialities, jobs, and acb of 
injustice^— to which The Brave, and The Generous, were frequently 
the victims : and of this^ Sir, Captain Brodie experienced the truth, in 
all his applications for Justice^ or Redre8s.^-Thank heaven ! Sir, the 



lOa f lOCAAf BICIL MtMOlf - « 

Administration of the prei^nt day bat far other fixtures, and chant* 
terletics* Thank heaven. Sir ! such meannesses no longer are visiblo 
so our Naval department* The noble person, now at the head of the 
Admiralty, has always been distinguished for firmness and justice ; fo» 
coolnesa and intrepidity in war ; for a faithful aconomy of pnUiQ 
moneyt and an intense and unceasing application to the duties of hit 
^tuation in Peace. To such an Adminiatratioa, and to such a Board 
of Admiralty, may not age and service look up for shelter ? From siidi 
m chara6lcr> may not injured merit cxpe£^ retrSbotion i And let lae 
add that, which though not Immediately relevant to the sul^^ before 
«s, can never be an unseasonable communication to this House, and 
which I can aver from information of reliance and certainty ; that 
sever since thia nation had either name, or existence, was the British 
Fleet so considerably in poin(( of number, force, ccmditioa, or cficacy 
of Ships ; nor our dock yards, i^id magaaines, so an^tly* completely^ 
and abundantly provided wjth evety kind, aod species, of miHtary 
•tores, as at the moment in, which X atn now speaking. Let no bbmh 
Sir, imagine tliat Captain Brodie comes to this House %» look for pri- 
vate profit, 0% emolument. No, Sir ! Foitnne, who haa hitherto 
refused him his fondest wish, has put htm far beyond the reach of aU 
pecuniary necessity* But Captain Brodie cornea to this House, Sir, 
lor a testimony of his long aivd faithfii} services ; he comes to na for a 
TVparation of his izijur!;2s, aydf with his injuries, of the injuries of his 
whole ProftBbiom The additional expence of the nation, by tkia aA 
of justice toCaptaiii Brodie* would, I underttaod^ aaomit to nearly 
i2ol« per annum ; no veiry gre^i^nor very lasting ineumbiance, for tbo 
remainder of a life now verging to its seventy-eighth y-cai ; vrastedj 
broken, and shattered by diiriates^ and haidships» and wounds, and 
injuries. 

Captain Leveion Cewer, havyig premised that the notice of tbo 
intended application of Captain Brodie had pointed it out at necessary 
to have a reference to the hooka of the Admiraky Ofice, in order to 
ascertain what liad been the proceedings there, with respcck to 
Captain Brodie, added, that he. therefore rose ; not to say any thing 
against Captain Brodie, or in deprtciatiou of his merits ; but merely 
to state a few fa£b, resulting iromtlke reference which be had men* 
tioned : and he meant to leave those fad\s to the judgment of tbc 
House, without offering any observations of his own. Captain Gowcf 
then stated, that it appeared that Captain Brodie lost his right arm tf| 
1747 ; and that In the year 1750, he applied by a memorial to the 
Board of Admiralty, stating, that from his wounds he was incapable 
of service ; and praying to bo recommended to his Majesty for some 
mark of hi* Royal Favour; that in 1753* he presented another memo*' 



r 



of CAPTAlk DATID BUODIH. 



103 



Wal to the same purpose with the former, but couched In still stronger 
terms. That a Pension was, accordingly, granted to Captain Brodie ; 
that he applied to the Board of Admiralty, offering his services, in the 
year 1762 ; that a peace soon followtd, and that Captain Brodie had 
not been promoted, as he was considered as coming within the rule, 
ihatno officer who had not ser-ved in a *ivar preeeding a promotion^ could ht 
buitied to be comprehended in such promotion. In conclusion, Captain 
Gifmer begged leave to remind the House, that the proceedings, which 
he had stated, took plac« during various Boards of Admiralty ; and 
that of coarse the present Board were not at all answerable for what had 
happened. 

$ir. Ed^s^ard Afflecl declared, that he had long known Captain 
Brodie, and been a witness to his condu<5t in some of the Adlions is 
which he was engaged. He rose therefore for the purpose of bearing 
testimony to the fes^s stated in his favour ; and to declare, thai a more 
meritonous officer than Captain Brodie hadne^er teroed his Majesty ; and 
that be was as good a man in private life as had existence* 

Sir yohn y^rwi then rose, and delivered his sentiments nearly in the 
following manners— I feel it, Sir, my indispensable Duty to do justice 
lo that ^reett tnan^ whose case is now before the House ; and to declare^ 
on my lionour, thai a more gallant officer y a person of more %eal, of more 
true cpuragf, or of a more enthusiastic spirit of enterprise^ never adorned his 
Majestfs Service. Captain Brodie's repeated application to the Ad- 
miralty Board to be employed daring the war with Spain, when she 
joined France against us ; was a sufHcient answer to any argument that 
tould be adduced, from his having, in his application for a pension, 
declared himself, at that time, incapable of Service. Sir, his a6^ive 
Spirit, and his professional eeal, had induced him to continue in com^ 
liiand, immediately after the loss of his arm ; and the consequence was, 
that his wounds grew *tK;orse, from too much exertion in an unwhole« 
•ome climate,— and he was accordingly rendered incapable of serving 
for three or four years : but, when Captain Brodie grew better, he 
was desirous to return to the exercise of his duties as an officer ; and 
it would perhaps. Sir, have been well for his Country, if the Board of 
Admiralty had accepted his offer of service in jy6z ', as he was pfer* 
hd:\j acquainted with the Navigation of the part of the world, t« 
which he wished to go ; being, I verily believe, from his education, 
before he came into the profession, and his pra£lice, and experience, 
afterwards, not only hetter qualifed than moit men in the Service for that 
command^ but the best pilot in those seas. 

At a time, Sir, when party disputes divided the Navy, and nm so 
high as greatly to injure the Service, Captain Brodie kept his cha- 
TsSitv not o'kily free From impufatioti, but his condu^, Sir, stood 



104- VIO€ftAPHICAL MBMOIft 

tmirpkuotts for tU bravery *» au/i Uj merit • A stronger proof of the 
Cfuth of this assertioD need not be given to the House than the fol- 
lowtag fa£k : it fell to the share of a most distinguished and rcspefbble 
officer f » now at the head of his ptofessioni to sit upon a Court Martial* 
then holden upon an officer of eminence : Captain Brodie, who thea 
commanded the Straffixd, was a witness ; and the former drew froni 
lum» though with great velufbmcey an account of the proceedings and 
events of the day, on which the condud of the Admiral on his trial had 
taken place : after hearing Captain Brodie out» the respectable Com- 
■lander in question burst forth into an exclamation of applause^* 
declaiiugy that the oldest officers In the Service mgbt be glad to give up the 
giory of all the adions of their fives ^ to have aEted as Captain Brodie bad 
dofuthat day. Upon this h(k^ Sir, I grround an appeal to the geneny- 
iity of The House ; and I demand. Sir, whether ihey can refuse I9 
procure for a gallant, and meritorious officer, that rank, and those 
professional honours, to which he is justly entitled ; for anofficer^Sir, 
worn down with age» and still smarting with wounds received in tlie 
aervice of his country — who has now in the decline of life merely 
faculties sufficient left to feel the injustice done him ; and who, unless 
tliat Injustice is speedily remedied^ cannot lay his head with peace in 
the Grave ! 

Captain Maclride stated, fiom the Navy accounts placed on the 
table of the House, that there were officers, not of so long standing, 
men ivho had by no means signalized themselves like Captain Brodie^ 
who had pensions— and still nevertheless had not been deprived of 
their rank, but were regularly promoted. Captain Macbride went into 
argument to prove, that the Admiralty Board was conduced in a 
manner which tended to discourage merit ; and whichy if not mate* 
rtally altered, must entail ruin on the Service. He concluded by 
speaking of Captain Brodie, as an officer of imcommon merit ; and 
gave his hearty testimony to all that had been said in his favour ; 
declaring it was but justice that he should be restored to his rank. 

Mr, Chancellor Pitt then rose, and gave the following reply to what 
had passed* Mr. Speaker, on so extraordinary a question as the pre- 
sent, I cannot but feel some degree of uneasiness in delivering my 
•eniiments ; particularly as in so doing, I shall be under the necessity 

• The high regard which Lord St. Vincent still bean for the memory of this 
tni fortunate but distinguished charaSter, may be judged of from the patronapre 
with which he has honoured Captain Brodie's grandson, now in the Navy : this 
young oHlccr is second Lieutenant of the Theseus. He was in the a<^ion of the 
fourteenth of February, 1797 ; soon after which he was made a&ing Lieutenant 
Iry his I ordship in ^:ir Charles Knowles's Ship the Goliath ; he was also in the 
adion ofTthe Nile, and at the siege of Acre : where he rendered essential service 
to Ilia Coui! r> , as appears from Sir Sydney Smith's Gazette letter, voL ii. p. 4^8. 

f Admiral lorbes. 

4 



or CAPTAIN DAVID BRODIB. IO5 

i>f endeavonnng to countera^ those impressionsy which I am persuaded 
eveiy gentleman fetls ; biit to which^ although in themselves highly 
laudable, it would prove extremely improper to give way. I am con- 
vinced, Sir, that many gentlemen have supported the Motion, not only 
from motives of humanity to Captain Brodie, but also from a most • 
zealous attention to the good of theService : but I apprehend, as is too 
often the ca«e, that althougii this was done with the best intentions 
pwsiblc, yet such gentlemen may do an essential injury to the very • 
laterest they are anxious to support, by the means they, for this pur- 
pose, adopt. I am persuaded, Sir, that the Honourable Gentleman 
(Sir John J«^rvis; who spoke so ^varmly in favour of the Claim of 
Captain Brodie, and tobo is himself one of the greatest ornaments^ and 
examples, to the Service ; could hav? nothing in view which appeared to 
faim repugnant to its welfare. But, Sir, I am also convinced, that 
when this Honourable Gentleman, and others, come to consider the 
Qutstivjii in its true light, as an aflual invasion of the Royal Preroga- 
tive, and an asjfumpcioh by Parliament of the superintendence of Naval 
Promotions, they will abate much of that eagerness, which they 
shewed in their support of it* Not merely improper. Sir, but seriously 
alarminGT, must prove the interference of the House with the san6lions 
of the Executive Government : this, the present motion has a palpable 
and manifest tendency to introduce ! — If the interference of Parlia- 
ment, on such occasions, is in general to be avoided ; it is on the 
present occasion more particularly necessary not to suffer its admission. 
From the arguments used in support of the Motion, and from the 
words of the Motion itself » it is perfe6Uy clear what the friends of 
Captain Brodie, wish for and intend. They disclaim. Sir, all idea of 
a pecuniary compensation, but still demand a reparation of the Injury 
sustained by him, in being prevented from attaining the rank of 
Admiral ; to which, from his standing in the Service, if nothing else 
were considered, he would be fully entitled. How then can any such 
reparation be made, a pecuniary one being disclaimed, except by a pro- 
motion to the very same rank, that he t;omplains of being deprived of, 
the rank of Vice Admiral ? What then is this, but an express inter- 
ference with the executive government ? and that in one of its most 
aacred branches—the appointment of the Naval Officers, by recom- 
mending a particular officer to a specific rank, and even pointing out 
that rank with peculiar nicety, by describing it as next to Sir Edward 
Hughes. 

But it is not, Sir, only as an interference with the general exercise 
of that part of The King's prerogative, that the Motion is objedion- 
able ; but because it goes to a still greater length, and prescribes to 
the Crown to create a deviation from a positive rule established by hii 



I06 MOOftAPHIClL MBMOIR 

Majesty^ in pursuance of ihc advice of his Mtniaters in that Depart* 
ment, the Board of Admiyakyy that no OJ^cer^ 'who hat not served in the 
War 9 preceding any Nanfol Promotion^ shall he included in that promotion m 
Did the Honourable Gentkmeiiy who aupported the Motion* meao to 
contend that this rale was impoHtic, and Hkcty to injure the Service I 
If /O) then let them argue it upon that ground ; and^ if they eon etta^ 
hBsh the opinion, let the rule he annulled* Bat» Sir, while The Rule 
continues to exist, and whilst its propriety remains untmpeachedf why 
address The Crown for a partial violation of it ? When a rule is, once 
established, I must always approve of its being vigilantly guarded by 
this House, and of its interposing to prevent the Executive Govern* 
ment from deviating from it. But &>r Parliament to address the King 
to dispense with a fixed Rule, in a jmrticular instance, and where the 
result of its so dispensing, was to be appointment to a specific rank in 
The Navy — so many, and such insurmountable objedions arise against 
the motion, that I cannot avoid giving it, my most dire6k, and hearty 
Negative. 

Although I give implicit faith, Sir, to the statement made by Uie 
gentlemcui who spoke in favour of the motion ; yet still, so far as it it 
supported by records, it only goes to prove— that Captain Brodie had 
applied for the first time, in writing to the Lords of the Admiralty, for 
a command, on the breaking out of the Spanish War $ though, at that 
time, we had been for several years at war with France ; and notwith- 
standing that I am very wiUing to believe, that Cq>tain Brodie mi^^ 
in fa<^ have made many personal applications previous to that period ( 
yet, from the very words of his own letter, a contrary inference would* 
naturally follow : for, in it, he said, that he thus takes the earliest opportu^ 
nity of offering his services. If any injury had been re^y suffered by 
Captain Brodie, tlie time to have sought a remedy would have been 
that, in which the injury vras done ; but instead of this, he had 
acquiesced in it during tlie space of tweiity-iive years. It has been 
contended, by way of obviating tlie obje^^on to the great leng^th of 
time which had elapsed* that, although the foundation of the injury 
had been laid in the Ad} by which he was put upon the superannuated 
list, yet tiat the Injury itself did not arise until the year (1778) ; at 
^vllich time. Captain Brodie, but for his being thus superannuated^ 
would have been included in the promotion of Rear* Admirals—- which 
is sufficient at once to induce the House to rcje6i any Motion of so 
extraoidinary a nature. 

But what in reality. Sir, is the injury sustained by Captain Biodie ?— - 
At his own request he had been put on tlve Pension List ; and the 
Pension granted liim lias been as gix-at as had ever been given to any 
Captain in the Navy : so tliat, in this instance, no injustice had been 



or CAPTAIN PAVID BROOIE. I07 

^^^^ to his mcritst as an officer, which ufidoubte jly wert great and 
^^'^lary^ The reasons which prevented the Board. of Admiralty of 
^t day from employing Captain Brodie, cannot at this distance of 
^^ he fufiy ascertained ; nor do I know that it would be right in 
'^'^uameiit to demand any information upon that head : but> I believe^ 
^twhen it is remembered, how a^ive and zealous the noble Lord^ 
lM)rd Anson) who then presided at the Board, had always been in 
*"* discharge of his Duty ; how dear the Service was to hi mi and how 
**^he Mras himsdf to the Service ; no person could susped that any 
^*^w motives* except those of a most honourable nature, could have 
^I'^tedwitb him in the part which he took respedting Captain Brodie. 
y* to the Present Board of Admiraltyi they can have no personal 
^tereat whatsoever in the Case of Captain Brodie ; but they must 
^^tatnly feel a strong interest in adhering stri6Uy to a Rnlcy which it 
^•thought necessary for the wel£ire, and prosperity of the Navy to 
J^^*«h : nay every man who approves of The System of our 
* ^nicnt,and of the separation between the legislative, and executive 
*^CtuHiBy must feel warmly interested in perceiving that separation^ 
iO^/fJ pi'^cnting an union of both, in this House ; which 1 affirm. 
Sir t^^. F^^^Qt Motion has a manifest tendency to effedl. As the 
QoYcrr«snrsent now stands* His Majesty's Ministers are ixsponsible for 
the several appointments, which they may advise ; but if Parliament 
takes io^o its own hands the Right of making appointmentSi then the 
fesponsat^ility of Ministers is at an end ; and while they thus become 
deptivcd of the means of doing good, they will be furnished with an 
excuse for doing wrong* 

I confess, Sir^ that I feel myself warm on the subjed : but it is a 
warmih which, as far as it applies to Captain Br<idiei becomes the 
warmth of regret, at the necessity which I labour under of rejeding a 
Mo^ioiiy to which> if I had nothing to considert but the services and 
metits of him, whom it concegfis, I should give my hearty assent. I 
9tn warm, 5ir, in my opposition to a Motion which tends to unhinge, 
wad disjoint the System of The Constitution : for, if a precedent of 
aocl^ a nature were once to be established, there is scarcely an OiHcer, 
i^Ho liadmet with any disappointment, in the course of his promotion, 
wHo Would not avail himself of the precedent, and think himself enti- 
tled* in that case, to apply to Parliament for relief. There would never 
b* Wanting instances to attra^ the compassion of the House ; though 
I must confess there would seldom be found fads so highly deserving of 
your attention, as those which belong to the case of Captain Brodie, 
^ere the case of a nature to which the House could with propriety 
. attend,-— If it were argued that the present motion was only for a 



1 



I08 BIOGRAPHICAL MKMOIII 

general address to the Crowni to reward great and eminetit serricr^^ 
though, by the bye, all the argumentSy in favour of the Motion* went 
to the necessity of partjcalar, 8pect6c reward : in that point of view, I 
cannot but think the Motion highly improper ; for it hat never been 
the pradice of this House to carry up such an address to The Throne, 
except immediattly at the time of the pciformance of those servtceSi 
for which the reward was requested* 

On the whole> Sir, though I most heartily sympathise with the 
feelings of Captain Brodte, and acknowledge his merits and services^ 
in an equal degree with his warmest Supporters ; yet my Duty» as « 
Member of Parliament, will by no means miffcr me on the present 
occasion to give way to either; and therefore I must vote against the 
Motion. 

To the above arguments of Mr. Pitt, Mr. Fox replied—that he 
should assent most implicitly to the observations of the Right Ho* 
nourable Gentleman, were it possible for ITie Question to strike him 
in any similar point of view : — I cannot avoid perceiving> Sir, that in 
order to make out his objedion to the motion, the Right Honourable 
Gentleman has been obliged, rather to argue, from what has fallen in 
the course of the Debate, than from the Motion itself. I agree that 
the promotion of naval men is vested solely and exclusively in the royal 
prerogative, and also, that tlie executive power ought not to be inter- 
fered with, by this House, unless in Cases where they have been guilty 
of abuse, or negle<fl of Duty. If therefore the present address, had 
been an address (as the Right Houourable Gentleman has stated it) 
for the purpose of desiring his Majesty to grant specific rank to 
Captain Brodie, I should have been the last man to rise, and support it : 
but, in fad^, it is no such thing — it was an Address drawn gcnerallyy 
and praying his Majesty to bestow some mark of his royal favour upon 
Captain Brodie ; leaving it to his Majesty to determine its nature* 
I could have wished. Sir, that the .Fads, on which the Claim of 
Captain Brodie rests, had been more formally before the House, than 
they are ; but The Case stands upon the ground* on which variola 
other cases have stood, and upon which this House, Sir, has thought 
itself warranted to proceed — it rests upon the ground of Notoriety l--^ 
In the year 1773 General Monckton had been on the eve of being scat 
out to India, as Commander in Chief of the forces there i but it was 
afterwards thought adviseable to send out Sir John Clavering : in thgt 
case, in order to make General Monckton. some amends for his dis- 
appoffitment, a Motion was brought forward iu this House, to address. 
His Majesty ; praying Him to grant some mark of His Royal Favour 
to General Monckton^ for his meritorious services : the services 9C 



OP CAPTAIN DAVID BRODIE. lOp 

V^'^^cnd Monckton, Sir, had untloubtedly been meritorious ; but tliey 
y "^ been services performed many years preceding the year '.775 : 

^ what made the case stronger was, the circumstance that jGeneral 

"IJl^lvckton had not been disappointed of ao opportunity of serving his 

*Wy, but of serving the East India Company. 

^'■. Chancellor. Pin answered, that he must still contend, if The 

^^^^ were to be earned, His Majesty could not by any possible 

\ ^^ comply with the wishes of The House, in- any other way, 

an ijy appointing Captain Brodie to the specific rank of Vice- 
r^^oiiral, next after Sir Edward Hughes ; which was in effe^, if ngt in 
^''s, a dire A and positive interference of that House, in the rank and 
P'<>ojotion of Naval Officers. 

^ftcr sonic remarks from Lord Mulgrave, who spoke 

^'dedly against the Motion; and also frOm Mr. Puhency, 

* ^^* l)andas, Sir George Collier, Mr. ^yc, Mr. Dempster, 

Mr, ^rett, Commodore Bowyer, and Mr. Sheridan ; who 

Severally delivered their sentiments, Sir Matthew White 

Ridley declared, that he was so far from wishing to interfere 

with the Executive Government) that with tlie leave of The 

House he would withdraw his Motion, and make another in 

still nao re general terms. He accordingly moved— TS^/ an 

bumble ydddren he presented to His Majesty^ that His Majesty 

^11 be graciously pleased^ to take the meritorious services^ and 

fuj^fiings ^Captain David Brodie into bis royal consideration ; 

and that bis Majesty will be pleased to confer some mart of bis 

f^al favour ^n the said Captain Brodie ^ as to his Majesty ihaB 

lemt proper* 

Mr. Pitt still declared himself averse to the principle of 

the Motion, whatever shape it might assume. — After some 

further remarks from Sir Matthew White Ridley, Lord 

iiood , and bir John Jervis, the question being called for. 

the House divided-»Ayes 8^, Noes 100. 

Captain Brodie, then in his seventy -eighth year, worn out 
^\x\i the wound? and disappointment he had received, never 
recovered this event which he severely felt. He died at fiath^ 
^d wa$ buried in the abbey chutch of that place. 

4 



lib BIOGKAPHIC/IL MEMOIR OF CAFTAIlf DAVID BRODIE* 

In this tumultuous sphere, for thee unfit. 

How seldom art thou found» Tranquillity ! 
-—Oh ! beauteous sister of the halcyon peace, 
I sure shaU find Thee in that hcav'nly scene 
« Where care* and anguish, fhaXt their power resign. 

Where Hope alike, and vain regret, shall cease ; 
And Memory — lost in Happiness Serene, 

Repeat tto more — that misiiiy has bibm miicb ! 

Charlotte SwM^ 

Captain Brodie remained for forty years, without iatenuission^io the 
constant service of his Country. 



The trisl of AAmiral Knowles, ix4iich we hate notittd tn the above 
8iemoir, produced some very scrioos consequences, which would have 
been mott extensive, if the Admiralty had not judiciously interfered. 
The Captains, who distinguished themselves in The A^ion, and 
thus gave such strong testimony in favour of their gallant Commander 
Admiral Knowles \ indignant at the false accusations hkought against 
him, on his acquittal pubHdy chitrged the other Captains (who had 
instituted ihe charges, and shewn such a shameful backwardness in the 
eagBgement) Of Ingratitude, Cowardice, and nuJignani Falsehood. 
Captain Clarke meeting Captain Junes at Portsmouth, publicly gave 
tills opinion of him ; and being necessarily called out by Captain Inncs, 
a duel ensued, and Captain lones was shot through the heart.— Occur- 
rences of the same serious nature would have taken place ; but were 
fortunately in time prevented. What aggravated the calumny, at* 
tempted to be cttai>li6hed against the injured Commander, was the in* 
gfititude of his aceosers : the Admiral woidd have brought forward 
the delinquents to answer for their cowardice, immediately after the ea- 
gagemcnt,if he had not been persuaded by Captains Brodie and Clarke 
to suppress their condu6l ; since much honour had been obtained 
by the capture of the Conquescadore, and the burning of the Spanish 
Admiral's Ship. As dispatches arrived of the cessation of hostilities^ 
tht Admiral was more easily persuaded to listen to the ill-judged 
advice of his friends : fittk did he think, after the delinquents had 
expressed a sense of the Admiral's forbearance, *wbicb ihry badaSually 
dom, that they had secretly concelt'cd, and with the most consummate 
duplicity, determined to arraign the Admiral himself on hia return to 
England. 

ikRMs.] Af'gcnt on a Chcveron Gales, hetifSkt three mullets, Azure, an 
anchor proper. 

Crest.] A dexter hand, holding a bundle of arrows. 
JMoTTO.] Unite. 



t I" ] 

NAVAL ANECDOTES, 
COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &c. 

MANTCt IN COKCITE VASTS ! 



J8«. XI. 

ADMIRAL HOPSON *. 

BONCHURCH village, in the Isle of Wight, cUims the honour 
oFhaviog been the birth-place of the gallant Admiral Hop son ; 
who* from a common sea-boy, rose to an high rank in the Navy, and 
was much celebrated in the reign of Queen Anne. 

T'lic history of this extraordinary character i& as follows : He wa^ 

left SLik orphan at an early age, and apprenticed by the parish to a taylor ; 

z species of employment ilT suited to his enterprising spirit. As he wa* 

cat day sitting alone on the shop-board, with his eyes directed towards 

the sea^ he was struck with the appearance of a sqoadroa of men of 

yns coming round Dunuose : following the first impulse of his fancy, 

^t quitted his work, and ran down to the beach ; where he cast oS 

the painter from the first boat he saw, jumped on board, and plied the 

oars so well, that he quickly reached the Admiral's Ship, where he 

entered as a volunteer^ turned the boat adrift, and bade adieu to hit 

Bsdvc place. Early the next morning the Admiral fell in with a 

French Squadron^ and in a few hours a warm a£lion commenced, 

which was fought ou both sides with equal bravery. During thi% 

time HopsoQ obeyed his orders with great cheerfukess and alacrity ; 

bat after iightiug two hours he became impatient, and enquired of the 

ssdlors, what was the obje£k for which they were contend tug ! On 

being told the a^ion must continue till the white rag at the enemy's 

mast-head was struck, he exclaimed, << Oh I if that^t all, I'll see what 

'f lean do J' At this moment the Ships were engaged yard-arm and 

yard^ann^ and obscured in the smoke of the guns. Our young hero, 

taking advantage of this circumstance^ determined either to liaul down 

the enemy's colours, or to perish in the attempt. He accordingly 

noanted the shrouds unperceived, walked the horse of the main-yard, 

gained that of the French Admiral, and ascending with agility to the 

xnaiatop.gallant- mast-head, struck and carried off the French flag, with 

which he retreated ; and at the moment he regained his own Ship, 

the British tars shouted ** Victory," without any other cause than 

that the enemy's flag had disappeared. The crew of the French Ship, 

* TIktc were, two of this naiufi .in the service, during the reiga of Queen 
Adoc, Ti2. Thomas, and Edward, Auppoaed to have been brothers '» both 
attaioed the rank of Admiral; the iormcr was knighted. 



irz KAVAL JLNICDDTE$| 

being thrown into confusion^ in consequence of the loss of i\\C 
Flag, ran from their guns ; and while the Admiral and Officers^ 
equally surprised at the event, were endeavouring to raUy thcn^ the 
British tars seized the opportunity, boarded the vessel, and took her. 
Ho PS ON at this jun^lure descended the shrouds, with the French 
Admiral's flag wound round his arm, and displayed it triumphantly to 
the sailors on the main deck ; who received his prize with the utmost 
rapture, and astonishment* This heroic a£lion reaching the quarter- 
deck, Hop SON was ordered to attend there ; and the officers, far froai 
giving him credit for his gallantry, gratified their envy by brow- 
beating him, and threatening him with punishment for his audacity ; 
but the Admiral, on hearing of the exploit, observed a very opposite 
condu(fL ** My lad (said he to Hopson), / beUeve you to be a braze 
•^ joiaig man ; from this day I order jou to walk the quartet'decl ; and 
*• according to jour future condudy you shall obtain my patronage and 
" f rotation," Hopson soon convinced his patron, that the counte- 
nance shewn him was not misplaced. He went rapidly through the 
several ranks of the service until he became an Admiral ; and so great 
was the confidence which his Sovereign placed in his condud, that she 
gave liim tiic command of a Squadron, with a commission to cruise at 
liis ov. II (1 'e,crcti{.ii. In this service he acquitted himself to the sati^- 
fiJtion of lus royal mistress, and became the pride of the British 

Kavy. 

E. W. 

jfn /Iccount of Riggitt^ shot aivay^ aiid Damages sustained in the 
Mitsts and Tards of His Majesty's Ship Cornwall, Rear-Adinirjl 
Knowles, Captain Taylor, in an Engfjgement ivhb Se^en Sfartisb 
Men of JVarofthe Havanna, OAober i, 1748. 

RIGJING. 

JJb-stay. One of tlic foreclew garnets, and both 

Forc-top-gallant-stay, bow-lines and the bunt-lines. 

braces, tye and halliards. One of the fore-preventer braces. 

Forcr-top-mast stay-sail, stay, and lul- The main- stay and spring- stay. 

liards. One pair of the main-shrouds. 

Forc-top-mast stay, and prcvcntcr-stay. One of the maio-braccs, and both of 

Forc-stay-sail halliards. the preventer-braces. 

Fore-stay, and spring-stuy. Both of the main-bo w-Iincs. 

The collar of the outer bob-stay. One of the main-sheets, and both the 

Six pair of fore-shrouds. jeers. 

Four pair of the forc-top-ni%(t slirouds, 1 lircc pair of the mizen-s? rouds. 

and all the back stays. Alain-top-mast, and all the rigg^ing 

Tlie forc-top-sail tycs, slings, braces, down upon deck, and most of the 

hrw- lines, and lifts. running rigging cut to pieces by the 

1 h«r forc-bracf^, and bow-liney. cnemv's shot. 



r 



COliMB&CIAL HINT8> t BCOLLRCTlONSj &C. II3 

MASTS AND YARDS, 

Tlie main-mast ihot through, ten feet The fore-top 'sail-yard shot half through, 

aboTe the upper deck. eight feet £:om the starboard yard- 

The ouun«top mast shot away, about arm. 

eighteen feet from the head, as also, I'he mizen-yard shot half through, 

shot through four feet above the about twelvefeet from the lower end* 

mam-cap. The starboard gunnel, and string pieces. 

The fore-mast shot through in the shot asunder in two places. 

. sguareof the hounds in two places. Nine large shot through the side, above 

The bead of the fore -top-mast shot the middle deck. 

through In the wake of the rigging. Seven large shot through, above the 

The forc-top-gallant-mast shot half main wale. 

through, four inches above the top- Three large shot through, in the main 

mast-cap. wale. 

The mizen-mast shot through, three One under the after lower deck port, 

£cet below the trussel-trees. one between the pumpdils, and one 

The bowsprit shot through, two feet two feet before the chestree ; as also 

within the collar of the forestay. CT^f^^ numbers of grape and musket 

The spare fore-top-mast on the booms, balls in the sides, masts, yards, &c^ 

shot almost asunder, twenty-three and two large shot through the lar- 

feet from the head. board side ; one under the larboard .' 

The larboard main-yard-arm shot one cathead, and one under the aft part 
third asunder, sixteen feet from the of the fore channel ; and the fore- 
yard-arm, and mast studding sail most chain pump cistern shot to 
booms shot asunder. pieces ; and eight pillars of the decks 

The fore-yard shot one third asunder, shot to pieces. 
fi»rfiBetfrom the larboard jeer-block. 



PLATE XXVII. 
View on the River Thamesy with Greenwich Hospital in distance* 
and the Augusta Yacht ; as she appeared on the Fifth of April, 
1795, with Her Serene Highness the Princess Caroline of Bruns- 
wick on board* The Standard of Great Britain is hoisted at the 
Governor's House, and on the Maintop of the Augusta ; Commo- 
dore J. W. Payne's Broad Pendant is flying at the Foretop. The 
Tendcrsj and different Pleasure Boats, which on that Day covered 
the River, are introduced : the whole formt'd a most brilliant and 
interesting Scene* . 

Narraii^ug of ihc ProceeJingt of the Squadron^ under the Command of 
Commodore John Willctt Payne *! appointed to condufii her Serene 
Highness the Princess Caroh'ne of Brunswick to England. 
(From the Minutes of an Officer on Board the Jupiter.) 

ON the fourth of December ( 1 79^ ) Captain Payne, being appointed 
to condu6^ her Serene Highness the Princess Caroline of Bruns- 
wick to England^ attended at the Admiralty, and received his commis- 
sion, as Commodore of a Squadron of Yachts ordered on that service. 

•■•Vid. page ^3. 

tacL IIL (^ 



114 COVM9D0RB VATMt's IZrtDITIOII 

Captain T. Larcom'beiag in the mean time nominated to command 
the Russeffj Commodore Payne hoisted hiv broad pendant on board the 
Augtreta yacht. It being however thought expedient that a superior 
force should be sent; the Commodore shifted his broad pendant from 
the Augusta, to the Jupiter * — a fifty gun Shlp» which had been lately 
repaired at Sheernesa ; commanded by Captain W. Lechmere» late of 
the Saturn. At sun-rinCf oo the thirty-first of Doctn^efr the Co0U 
•modoTc saluted Vice Admiral Dalrympte, at Sheemess^ with thirteen 
gunsy which were returned. 

On the second of January, 17951 ^^ half past twelve P, M« made 
the signal to weigh ; at half past five the Squadron came»to> and 
moored at the Great Nore. 

On the thirteenth of February, Commodore ?ayAe strndL his broo^ 
pendant, and went to London— ^returned on the twenty-sixth, hoisted 
the pendant, and the next day having unmoored, dropped with the 
Squadron further to the eastward* On the Jupiter's coming to anchor^ 
the rest of the Squadron manned the shrouds and cheered the ComoK)* 
dore, which was returned. 

Ob the second oi March, at five A. M. madr the signal %x> weigh :•— ' 
sailed in company with the Phaeton and Latona fr^tes ; Martin, 
and Hawke sloops ; Cobourg, Adive, Rose, FTy, and Princess Royal 
cutters. At hdf pa»t seven fell in with his Majesty's sloop Lark^ 
hailed her, and she joined company* On the third> made the Phaie- 
ton's signal to look out : at noon saw the Texel bearing £. S. E. 
seven or eight leagues. Fwirtft— At •ne P. M, recalled the Phaeton by 
signal ; at five ScheRing Island S. E. by £• fiiK leagoes. Fiftl^Trcsh 
breezes and thick foggy weather ; sent the Cobourg to itakt the kmd : 
at six A. M. made the signal with five guns to bring- to on the star- 
board tack, hove- to, fired fog guns : at eight the Co^urg retomed 
with a pilot ; made the signal to bear up, and sail krge : half past 

* Officers o/lu Majesty's Ship Jvpiter^ wbittt mi $h€ «Imw Servm, 

Commodore. John Willett Payne. 

Captain. WiUiam l.cchmere. 
LieuteuoHU. Jeiumett Browne A^ainwaring. 
George Irwju. <^ 

lames Dunbar, 
lotcph Spear. 
Hod. Courtney Boyle. 
Geof|;e Barker, Ailing, 
Id^urheeu Majutc Robert i\ndarM»R. 

Wiiliam Alridge, LieutctutMt. 
W^smoKt OJkeru George Hermei, Master. 

Tbomn Lsndseer, J^mner, 
Robert Dunkia, HurM/i. 
Reverend fi^nieshuoier Clarke, Cbapiaith 
• Francis MaMQ, CMiwMbrt'j 5^ffnSii> 
f For a List if the Squadron, vid. page 24» 



yoK HER StILENB I(143IIHE<S THfi PRINCESS CAROLINE. t II^ 

'Ann made the stgndl to anchor ; at noon came- to with the best 
bower, ifi ^vt iathoms ; Toered an whole cable ; repeated the signal to 
aiKShor wkk t«R> guns. ^fxr&— Fresh breezes and thick foggy weather $ 
A M. dear weather; Heligoland * light, N. distant eleven, or twelve 
flifles ; sent the Rose cotter to the island for pilots : at six made the 
signal witb a gun lor pilots ; half past, fired two guns shotted at a 
pHot boait to hting her to. AH the SqaadixMi tn company except the 
Lark. At noon two pilots -came on board to cany the Jupiter into 
Sife oftooriogt^^iff Cvxhaven ; which being the letrgest Ship that had 
ever approadwd so near to that coast occasioned much anxiety : tlie 
Laik stilt ndssing $ gi^at apprehensions ibr her sa^y. Sevnuh"^ 
P. M. fresh hreezfs and thick weather with rain : at one made the 
sigaal to andior ; and at hsdf past two, wrth the best bower caxne-to 
in se^n fathoms, abreast of New Work, Ctixhaven town hearing 
S. h. W» At ten A. M. threw out the signal to weigh ; weighed 
and made tail wtth the Squadron ; at half past eleven threw oat the 
s^nat to anchor ; came^o off Cuxlnven, with the small bower in eight 
frtboma ; made the signal lor the Squadron to moor :-^he Lack 
StiBmiauag. 

The tigbth^ P. M. fresh breezes, and thick foggy weather. At 
katfpaatone lalated by the foit with nine guns ; au equal number 
retomed. A. M. fresh gaiety with snow; the river fall of ice ; which 
was driven out to sea with the tide in large masses, or whole fields at 
ooce : got the sheet anchor over the side : at six struck lower yard8» 
and top-ga^bmt*niasts ; got the spritsail-yard in. At eight, the 
Hawke, who had sufiRrred severely during the tempestuous nighty 
parted, and with great violence drove focd of the Jupiter : the scene 
was particularly alarming, as the safiety of both ShipSj from the vio- 
leace of the tide, was at stake : pn>videntially, v^rith the asustance of 
day-light, and the ^ill of the officers on board, no material injury 
was occasioned : brt)ught home the best bower anchor, got the ^re 
anchor over the aide, and doable rounded the caUes to secure then& 
from the ice. 

On the nifab^ the severe weather, for a time, became more moderate- 
hove up the best bower ; moored Ship, and sent the stream anchor to the 
Hawke : and heie we must nc^ice an event, which was equafiy singular 
and interesting. DuHftg this day» a man who had been taken fi ont 
off a piece of ice, that waslfloatingout to sea, by one of the Blackeness 

* Or Hriy Islaiid, is N» W. by N. ahoat etgbt kagvet from tke month of the 
Elbe, which all Ships eodeavour to make, that are goinjsr to that river, or tlie 
Weaer, and Eyder ; — it belongs to the King of Denmark. From the Monk Rock, 
vhadi appeacB above water almoit at bigb as the island, aboTe a mile at S. S. K. 
there la a dangerous iunitn rod ; but the depth of eight or nine fd^iuitta will' 
keep a Ship dear without it« 



Il6 COMMODORE PAY Ml's. EXPBDITION 

pilut boats, was brought on shore. at Cuzharenj and gave the followiiig 
account of his sufferings. — ** He had belonged to an Hambro* 
trading vessel^ bound from London to that place, laden with groceries } 
during her passage she was lost, amid the icct January 28, on a sand 
off Cuxhaven. The master, with a boy, and the sailor above-mciw 
tioncd, got upon the sand, at that time oovered with ice, and preserved 
life with some wine, and biscuit, which they had saved from the wreck ; 
at the end of eleven days, the master and boy died. The survivor* 
with an unshaken resolution and rdtance on Providence* would not 
allow himself to despond ; every night he laid down upon one of the 
dead bodies, and put the other over him ; the intense cold keeping 
them from being offensive : in this forlorn and melandioly state he 
slept sound, and declared that he constantly received gpneat consolation 
from dreams, which portended his future safety. The wine and biscuit 
being at length expended, he discovered some cockles on a part of 
the sand not covered with ice, upon which he existed until the ninth 
of March, and veas thus miraculously saved* When he awoke on 
that day. he found the mass of ice had separated* and was drifting 
out to sea — ^he then gave himself up for lost." On his first landing at 
Cuxhaven, having sufficiently recovered to make himself understood 
->for the warmth of the house caused an agony of pain, his relation 
found credit but with few ; untfl they reco]le6ked that a vessel answer- 
ing his description had been wrecked ; and also saw the biUs of lading* 
which he produced. 

On the eleventh of March, to the great joy of every one, who bad 
imagined she was lost, the Laik rejoined. On tht fauriunihf the 
weather again became squally* with snow : at four P. M. were obliged 
to strike lower yards* and top. gallant-masts. At two A. M. a field of 
ice unusuaQy large came with gi-eat violence athwart the Jupiter* and 
brought home the best bower anchor : the Ship immediatdy drove 
towards the shore* and serious apprehensions for her safety were 
entertained ; these the darkness of the night* the danger of the coast* 
and the peculiar severity of the weather* which covered the rigging 
with ice, and rendered it extremely difficult for the crew to perform 
their duty, greatly increased. The Jupiter was at Icng^th brought up 
by the best bower ; hove short on the small bower, swayed up lower 
yards, and top gallant-masts ; at half past eight weighed the small 
bower, shifted the birth, and came-to with the small bower<— veered to 
an whole cable. These precautions were hardly taken, and the crew 
by no means recovered from their great exertions during this dreadful 
night ; when another field of ice came again athwart the Jupiter* aud 
broiifrht home the small bower. Without delay the best 4)ower anchor 
Was let go ; w}icn, notwithstanding its immense weight* to the great 



»01t HIR SSftlNB HIGHNESS THS PRINCESS CAROI^INB. tlj 

astooishmeiit of every one> it made no more effed on the impenetrable 
thickness of the ice than a log of wood : the situation of the Ship 
daring this interval of life and death, for such it appeared, was exces. . 
avely precarious ; at length meeting with some division in the ice» 
the Cable to the joy of every one was heard to run out — a sound more 
delightful never charmed the ear of a mariner! On weighing the small 
bower one of the arms was found gone • — got the spare anchor over 
the ndc ; cat the clinch of the email bower, and bent it to the spare 
anchor* 

The severe season continued, with but little intermission, until the 
aghteentb of March, when the Phaeton, (who had made the sig^nal of in* 
ability on the i6th, and put to sea) again rejoined. A great quantity of 
ice still continued in the Elbe. On the twenty-eighth, the hardshipst 
and anxiety which the Squadron had experienced were happily temu- 
nated. The day had been unusually fine ; the weather had become 
mqre genial $ and the whole scene had lost much of its gloom and 
ditariness ; when, at half past four, guns were heard in the offiog; and, 
soon the standard being discerned in a cutter standing out of the Elbe* 
announced that the Princess of Brunswick was on board. What joy 
and exultation pervaded the breast of every one ! the preparative signsd 
was immediately made with one gun. I'he barge was dispatched with, 
the First Lieutenant to steer, accompanied with the boats of all the, 
Squadron : the scene which followed, had a peculiar interest and 
grandeur. The procession of the boats, with their pendants flying, 
rowing in order, and keeping time with their oars, had a fine cffe<^ 
When the royal standard was unfurled in the barge, the Ships of the 
Squadron were manned ; and a salute .of twenty-one g^uns was fired 
iirom each of the Ships* The evening continued remarkably favourable : 
the Sun seemed to linger in the horizon, and for a time, owing to the 
smoke, had all the appearance of an eclipse ; it then darted out with 
firesh lustre. On the sides of the accommodation ladder of the Jupiter 
were placed Midshipmen in their uniform ; the officers, and guaid of 
marines, were drawn up on each side the qu^er*deck : the moment 
her Royal Highness had ascended the first step, which was about six 
o'clock, the Standard was hoisted on the maintop- gallant mast-head of 
the Jupiter, and received with the customary marks of resped. 

The favourable weather, with the exctptipn of some io^^ days, 
continued during the remainder of the voyage. Her Royal Highness 
particularly endeared herself to the crew, and shewed the utmost ail*a« 

* Surely the hemp, anchors, &c. for the Naval Service, on which the very 
Irvea of the Crew depend, should Dot be furnished by contrad : our enemies 
in this retpcd, have a great advantage. 



n8* coMMODOftE rirvi's ikpboituni. 

bility and attention to every ooe« The PHiioe« was atteoded bf Lonft' 
Malmcibuiy* and Mrt* Haroourt. An Adanind of kigb tank.ia the 
iemce of the Prince of Onngc, wat also on bosnd. At half past 
four 00 the morning of the twcntj-ainth, the ngnal to manoor van 
thrown ont. and afterwaids the signal to weigb* At five the Cdbooi]^ 
cutter nikd for Englaod ; and at noon the chief pdot left the Jupiter 
abreast of the Red Buoy. 

The twenty *ninth being Sonday, her Royil Highaeaiat two oViock 
had divine service performed on the quarter-deck of the Jupiter, b^ 
the ChaphuHi the Reverend J. S. Qarkew On the ihMait at aeveo iii 
the raormng> three strange sail were discovered in the southvrard ; at 
half pasty the Latona, Lark, and Rose cotter by signal were ordered 
to chase. At half past nine the Martin's signal vras anadey to repeat 
betvrcen the Jupiter» and the chasing Ships ; who vrere soon recaied. 
The strange sail afterwards proved to be two French privatccvm 
with a prize^ they had captured. At noon it came on thick foggy 
weather* 

At half past seven, on the evening of the iiirJ of April, the Jupiter 
anchored at the Norc : and at sun-rise the next day, Vico^AdaMnl 
Buckner manned Shipt and sainted the standard, as did the other Shipa 
under his flag. His Majesty's yachts the Princcas Aogusta, and Mvy» 
came out, and joined company. At six the CommiochNe threw out the' 
signal to weigh ; and at seven for the Squadron t^ part company* 
Accordingly his Majesty's Ships Phaikon, Latoaa, I^wke, K^rtia, 
and Lark, parted company, and saluted the standard ; as did Viee- 
Admiral Buckner, and the Ships at the Norc. Made sail standing 
up the river ; at eleven came-to off Gravesend. At six P* M.Tilbary 
Fort saluted the standard. 

Eariy on the Bfth, her Royal Highaess, attended by Lord Mabnea» 
bury, Mrs. Harcourt, and Commodore Payne, went in the barge on* 
board the Princess Augusta yacht. : when the standard was hoisted at 
the maintop, and Commodore Payne's broad pendant at the forcto]>. 
As the Princess passed Wodvrich, the whole band of the royal legi* 
ment of artiBery played God save the King, and the military cheered 
the standard — it vras the first burst of feyalty her Royal Hi^meas had 
heard on English ground, and it drew firom her tears of joy. About 
noon the Augusta yacht reached Greenwich* when the Princess em* 
barked in the barge, steered as before by Lieutenant Mainvraring^ 
and landed on the right of the stairsi in front of the Hospital; wher^ 
she was received by Sir Hugh Palliscr, the Governor. 



C "9 ) 



THE LATE 



CAPTAIN EDWARb COOKE'b EXPEDITION 

In Hit Majesty'^ Fngtfe La Sybil lb, in 179S. 
{frm tie LeIUt rf cm OJUer then m hoards) 

ON the 4tlv of January wc left Macoai apparefttl/ convoying 
the Europe and Country Trade ; but designedly on a cruise^ to 
reconnoitie th^ Spanish force in the Phillipine'sy aod> if poasibley cot 
out from under the batteries of Manilla^ the Rey Carlos, of 800 tons^ 
bdonging to the Spanish Company^ and the Marquesettat an Amoy 
trader, reported to have on board 5oo»ocx> dolkrs ; to attack all their 
anned dependencies, i«ad annoy them as much as possible as we passed 
through the Archipelago* 

On the 1 1 th of January we made Luooma^ ran along shore, and on 
the 1 2th captured a Coaster ; took out of her only the cash, 4000 dol- 
lars, then 12>erated the vessel and people, desiring they woi^ proceed 
onthar voyage, and app;rehemd no further molestation* Next day we 
saw, and co«^ have taken, several vessels of the same description, and^ 
it isxioubtless, ^uaDy valuable ; but Prudence, which seems to gnide 
all our operations, would admit no hazard to the grand objed for a tn« 
vial consideration ; hence this part of the cruise is not so brilliant in 
number of prtzes, nor so lucrative as some people would have made it \ 
but I think it highly honourable and praise worthy, particularly as 
Captain Cooke seemed to feel much the distress that might accrue to 
individuals to whom 0ie cash and vessels were consigned, although they 
were subjeds, and under the banner of our enemies ; his kuity is oal/ 
equalled by good nanauvres ; and I resped him £or his feelings as 
much as his bravery* 

On the 13th, in the evening, we entered the Bay of Manilla, 
passing their signal^house on Corregidore, as French frigates, and 
anchored as necessity made expedient* Next day stood towards 
Manilla Town ; and by well-conceivcd, and ^ell-conduded manoeuvres, 
captured the following vessels belonging to His Catholic Majesty, 
without hurting a single man on either side : 

A gpa-bo«t> No« 31, carrying one thirty-two pounder, four twhrek, tkkty 
ooM, fifty-two officers and men. 

A gnn-Sodt, No. 3 J, carrying 00c tweoty-lbor pounder, four swivelc, twenty- 
e%il€ dart, fifty o^tx% and men. 

AgWK^at, No« J4, carrying one twenty- liMir pennder, four swivels, thirty 
aasur fifty o(Bfic«rt and men. 

Afg^d-boat, rowing twelve oar^y with fifteen oflker» and men. 



I20 CA?TAIN EDWARD COOKE's EXPEDITfOIT 

A felucca, rowing twenty oari, with twenty-three officers and mca. 

Admiral Don Martin Alaba'i barge, rowing twenty oirs, with twcnty-thrte 
officer! and men. 

A GoTemnicnt felacca, rowing eighteen 04A| with twenty«one officers and 
men. 

In all— BCTcn hoats, about 231 men, 3 great guns, 1% swivels, %y muskets, 
34 cutlasses, 18 half pikes» 13 piktols, 153 round shot, 137 grape shot, and lOa 
sheili. 

This was performed In broad day-liglit, between eleven and three 
o^clock, in view of all the people of Manilla and Cavila, and managed 
With admirable address. The guard-boat came first, with the second 
GaptaJn of their frigate, Maria de Cabega. The second boat was 
Admiral Alaba's barge, with the Governor's nephew. The third boatf 
a felucca, with one of Admiral Alaba^s Aid*de-Camps, bringing com- 
pliments of congratulation on our arrival, and information that all we 
could wish, or want, would be ready for us ; and that boats were getting 
r^ady, with anchors and cables, to assist us into their potts. These 
Officers were so completely deceived, and entertained for an hour and 
half) that they had no suspicions they were onboard an English Ship; 
and, therefore, opened their hearts freely on every subje^. While 
this was transadling in the Cabin, the boat's crews were handed into 
the Ship, and our sailors changed clothes with their boatmen) and then 
rowed up in their boats, in company with our own, and boarded and car- 
ried all their gunboats that were out of the river. The people in the 
gun boats finding it impossible to resist the impetuosity of our boarders^ 
sturrendered immediately. This being perceived, and thought rather 
unaccountable on shore, the fourth boat was dispatched with the Cap- 
tain of the port, for a categorical answer, why the boats were detained ; 
and to say, that if they were not Immediately sent on shore, they should 
conceive us to be enemies. This Officer and. his crew were handed 
into the Ship, and then they were all entertained with dinner, and their, 
boats' crews with fresh Chijia beef and grog : in this manner we passed an 
interval of vexatious calm, that left no alternative but this amusement. 
After this we had an unsuccessful breeze that facilitated discovtry, and 
prevented all further attempts in the bay. From these Officers we 
ascertained the Rcy Carlos was in the Cavita, and most likely aground 
there, and that the Marquesetta had rclanded her money again, in con- 
sequence of a suspicious Ship appearing off the Islands some days ago 
(supposed to be the Resistance). Hence the most lucrative pait of this 
cnterprize was frustrated, but the other was completely accomplished ; 
that is, corred information of their Naval Force, viz. Europa, of 74 
guns ; San Pedro, of 74 ; Montaneger, of 74 ; Maria de Cabega, of. 
36 1 and Lucia, of 36 ; all uoder equipment at the arsenal but ai 



IN HIS MAJISTT S PRIGATB LA STBlLLt, IN I798. Z2I 

tbit time nearly ready ; with a ttumW of gun-boats, all new and cop- 
pered, and apparently very well appointed for the intended purpose. 

Had the wind been propitious, that we could have kept incov* a 
Uttle longer, I am induced to believe we could have burnt not only 
their Ships of war, but the arsenal, on the night of the 14th January : 
in short, it is impossible to say what might not have been done, if 
we could have effefted a nofturnal approach. By four o'clock in the 
afternoon we were discovered to be enemies, so as to cause general alarm 
round the bay. It was then time to be ofiF,^ and execute plans laid 
further to the southward; and, if possible, precede information that w€ 
were amongst the Islands* The kind usage to the prisoners while on 
board, and giving them the guard-boat, barge, and feluccas, to return 
on shore in, without even obliging their Officers to give thefr paroles { 
roust afford themt and the natives in particular, an high idea of British 
generosity, and at the same time positive contradtftion to the do^rinc 
of their Priests and Alcaldies, who have taught them to believe the 
English to be a very barbarous enemy. 

At this season of the year, in the supposed security the-Spaniardt 
thought themselves from the monsoons, a very few more such Ships, 
and oien, would have taken the place with ease. 

On the 15th of January we left the Bay, in company with the three 
prize gun-boatSy one of which was unfortunately lost on the night of 
the nineteenth, in an hard squall ; it is supposed she filled and foun- 
dered — ^there were in her Lieutenant Rutherford of the Fox, and Mr. 
Kicholson, Midshipman, from the same Ship, and eleven seamen* 
From hence we coasted Mindora, Panay, Negros, and Majindanas, 
without meeting any thing worthy attention, until the 23d, when \vc 
arrived ofif Samboangan j when we were dtrtermined to attack the 
Spaniards ; and anchored accordingly off their fort at a quarter past one 
o'clock, and found them vigilantly upon their guard, ready to repel all 
our efforts : as soon as the ^hips and guq- boats were placed, a smart 
cannonading was kept upon them, which they returned in a well- 
dire^ed fire upon 09. At three o'clock, observing our shot bad done 
their fortification very little hurt, tbelanding party was ordered into 
the boats, to attempt carrying the place by storm and escalade : on 
approacbing^ the shore^ the enemy were perceived in such numbers, and 
so well arn^ed to oontest the landing, and others in ambush ready to 
annoy and to cut ofiT the retreat, that it was judged imprudent to 
hazard the attempt ; die boats were therefore recalled, the cablet cut, 
and the enterprize given up as impradicable with our little force. lu 
the two hours we engaged the fort, Mr. Standings, Master of the 
Sybille was killed, and one marine ; and another wounded : on board 
the Fox there were four killed, one Midshipmau wounded, and sixteen 



112 CAPTAIN !• COOKB't BZPBDlTlOir* 

seamen and marines ; the small s{Mrs and rigging of both Ships were 
much cuty and a great number of shot in each Ship's bulL We 
anchored about three miles from the fort to repair the damages, and 
break up the gun-boat, Sec, until the 26th« when it seems Captain 
Cooke's attention was called to China by the convoy that would be 
ready about the time we could arrive. This not admitting further 
delay in the Archipelago^ particubriy as there seemed little to be done 
but against stone waHs, we sailed for Pollock Haibour to complete our 
water, in performing which we unfortunately lost twelve seamen, 
wto were attacked by the armed Illanos from ambush amongst the 
Mangroves, who killed two on the spot, and took tea prisoners, which 
they carried off instantaneously. £very cfibit was made to recover 
them without success. Their dcKrted village was therefore burnt, and 
every injury done them in our power ; we only caught one of the 
lUanos, who was mortally wounded in being taken* From hence we 
went to Mindanas, and interested the Sultan as much as possible to 
recover the unfortunate prisoners, and restore them to some British 
Ship or British Settlement. This he has promised most faithfully to 
perform, if he can by any means obtain them. From thence we sailed 
on the 9th February, and arrived in port «n 3d of March. 



THE OCEAN. 
From Dr. GaicoaT's ** Economy of Nature. 



f* 



Ju Degrees of Sajtnets ; the Cause of the Sahness 5 Bishop of LemJaff*s 
easy Mode for ascertaining the daftness ; Temperature rf the Sea mi 
different Depths ; Mr, WalesU Mode of trying the Temperature^ l^c. 

npHE Ocean is salt in all parts of the world ; but the degree ofsak" 
-»- ness differs much in different climates ; and is almost uniwenaDy 
found to be ji^atcr, in proportton &s the wattr js taken up nearer the 
equator ; where the heat of the sun is greatest, and the evaporation of 
the watery particles consequently more considerable. One pound of 
sea water in the Baltic yields about a quarter of an ounce of salt ; 
near Holland half an ounce ; and in the British Seas about two ounces. 
Boy LB has also observed, that in pbces of great depth, the water ia 
saltcst at the bottom. 

In the Voyage made towards the North Pole in 1773, it ws» found, 
that the sea water at the Nore contained not qoitc one thirty-sixth of 
salt ; at the back of Yarmouth Sands, not quite one thirty-second ; 
off Flamborough Head, rather more ' than one twenty-ninth ; tiff 



THI OCBAN. 123 

Scotlandy rather leas than one twenty- ninth ; latitude 74^ at sea, one 
twenty- ninth ; latitude 78^9 rather less than one twenty. eighth ; 
latitude 8o^» near the ice^ not quite one-thirtieth ; latitude 80V4 under 
the ice, not quite one twenty-eighth ; latitude 68^ 46') rather more 
than one twenty-eighth ; latitude 65^) at sea, rather less than one 
twenty-eighth. Da. Hales got only one twenty- seventh firom water 
taken up in the Mediterranean, and one twenty-ninth from water taken 
up at the Nore. Dr. Rutty says, he procured one twenty-fifth, 
from water taken up in latitude 6$^ ; one twenty-eighth, from water 
taken up near Dublin } and one thirtieth, from water taken up at 
Dungarvan ; and Da. Lucas, that he obtained one twenty-fifth, 
from iwater taken up near Harwich.— From other circumstances also 
it has appeared, that water, firom near Teneriffe, contained about one 
thirty-seoondof salt ; and that some from St. Jago contained fully one 
fonrtlu 

Tie tame rfthe tahnes* of the Oeeattf has been a tubje^ of investiga- 
tion among philosophers in almost aQ ages, but still remains in great 
obscurity, lliere can be little doubt, that a large quantity of saline 
matter existed in this globe from the creation ; and at this day, we 
find immense beds of Sai gem^ or common salt, buried iu the earth, 
particulaily near Cracow; but whether these collections have been 
derived from the ocean, and deposited in consequence of the cvapora« 
tion of its waters, in certain circumstances ; or whether the ocean was 
itself originaDy fresh, and received its salt from coUedions of saline 
matter situated at its bottom, or from that brought by the influx of 
rivers ; cannot now be ascertained. No accurate observations on the 
degree of saitness of the ocean, in particular latitudes, were made until 
the present century ; and it is not possible, therefore, to ascertain, 
what was the state of the sea at any considerable distance of time, nor 
consequently whether hs degree of saltness increases, decreases, or is 
ftationary. From differences among aquatic animab. however, some 
of which seem adapted to salt water, and some to iixsh, it is probable, 
that both these states of water existed from the creation of the world. 
We know, it is true, that some kinds of fisli, as salmon* are capable of 
existing both in fresh and in salt water, and that habit has a powerful 
influence over all animals ; but this is not sufficient to refute the main 
66t, that some kinds of fish thrive only in sale water, others in fresh ; 
some in standing poolsy and others in rapid currents. 

As it is not every person who can make himself expert in the use of 
the common means of estimating the quantity of salt contained in sea 
water; the Bishop op Lanoaff has recommended a most jimj>U 
fijui £My m^de for aseertaimng the salinat of the sea in any LuituJe* 
Take a dean towelj or any pther piece of cloth $ dry it wcU iu the 



tun* or before the fire ; tliea weigh k aocuntdy* and note down tti 
weight ; dip it in the sei^wattry and when taken oat wring it a littk 
till it will not drip. when hoag up to dry ; weigh it in thit wet atatc, 
then drj it either in the luut or at the firCf and when it is perfe^jr dry 
weigh it a^n* The esceti of the weight of the wetted ck>th, abofc 
its original weight » tithe weight of the sea water imbibed bj the doth ; 
and the excess of the weight of the oloth^ after being dried, above ita 
original weight* is the weight of tlie sak retained by that doth | and 
by cou^aring this weight wkh the weight of the aea water imbibed by 
the doMw we obtain the proportion of sak contained in that apedes of 
aea-watcr. 

Whoever nndertakcs to ascertain the quaatky of salt contained in 
sea watCTv either by this or any other niethod» would do well to obaerTe 
the state of the weathcri preceding the tiaM what the sea water k 
taken out of the sea ; for the quantity of salt^ contained in the water 
near the surface^ may be iiiflueoced both by the antecvdeBt noisture^ 
and the antecedent beat* of the atmosphere. 

Whether the sea is saker ornot at different depths, has not y<ct bees 
ascertained ; but that its temperature varks consideraUy» in propoftioii 
to the depth, we have decisive prooL 

With respecl to the teH^aiure, says Bishop WataoB» ^ ihimai 
iifftrewi depthi^ it seems reasonable eaoogh to sapposej that la anaMMr 
time it iviU be hotter at the surface than at any oonsiderable deptk 
below k, and that in winter it will be colder.*— Sup|KMe a cuHeni, 
twelve feet in depth, to be fiHed with spring water* of 48' warmdit to 
the heighth of devcn feet ; then, if we fiU up the cistern to ita top* 
by gently pouring water heated to 100° upon the surface of the 
spiing water ; it may readily be understood, that the heat of thk water 
will aot be iatantaneously communicated through the whole mass of 
water in the dstem, but that the water wiU dvcrrase in heat from tbc 
sur^e to the bottom of the cistern : on the other hand, if on the 
eleven feet of spring water heated to 48^, we pour a foot of water 
heated only to 33*, it may be expeded^ that the spring water WElHch 
is nearest to the cold water, will be sooner cookd by it than that 
which is at a greater distance $ and on this accoont the water at the 
bottom of the dstem will be warmer than that in the middle or nt the 
top. k must be observed, howeveri that coU water hoxk^^ bulk Ibr 
bulky heavier than hot water« the water wbidi has o«ly 33^ of heat will 
descend* by ks superior weight, into tbe mass of water contained in 
the cistern ; and thus the water in the cisttm will be cooled, not onfy 
fay the base cammiiaication of cold from the upper wotier, but by the 
adual mixture «f that water with the rtsst : so that the diierence 
between the h^ of thewater, ajt the bottom and t<^ will net be ao 



THE cc^AJr. 



"5 



great as it would lave beea if tbe cold water had not mixed Itaelf with 
the rest*— -These aappositioafl of hot aod cold water« incumbent on the 
ipring water in the cistern, are analogous to the adion of the summer 
aod winter atmospheres incumbent on the surface of the sea. No 
person who has bathed in deep standing water in sununer time« can 
have failed to ohservCf that the water grew colder and colder^ according 
to the depth to which he descended. I have frequently observed, that 
the surface of a pool of water, of two feet in depth, has in a sunny dny^ 
even in venter, been five d^rees hotter than the water at its bottom. 

Ma« Wales describes the iusirumeni he made use of for tryiag the 
temftreture of the scm at different dcfthi^ in the following terms: — '< The 
apparatus for try mg. the heat of the sea water at difierent depths, con- 
sisted of a square wooden tube of about e^hteen inches long, and three 
inches square externally. It was fitted with a valve at the botton^ 
and another valve at the top, and had a contrivance for suspending the 
thermometer exadly in the middle of it* When it was used it was 
^slened to the deep-sea-line, just above the lead ; so that all the wayj 
ai it dcacexided, the water had a free passage through it, by means of the 
valves, which were then both open ; but the instant it began to be 
drawn up, both the valves closed by the pressure of the water, and of 
course the thermometer was brought up in a body of water of the same 
tea|>q;atiire with that it viraa let down to. With this instrument^ 
wfaicb is auich the saoM wich ooe formerly described by' Ma. Boyls, 
in his observations about the saltness of the sea, water was fetched |ip 
from different depths, and its temperature accurately noticed in different 
seasons and latitudes. 

'' August 27, 17P9 Mttth latitade 14® 40', the heat of the air was 
7ai ; of the water at the surfecci 70 ; of water, from the depth of 
eighty fathoms, (A. 

^ Deccnber 27, 1771, toath latitnde 58^ 21', the heat of the air 

was 3 1 ; of the water at the surface, 32 ; of water, from the depth of 

one hundred and sixty fathoms, 33^. — In the voyage to the high 

BortherB latitudes before xaeationed, they made use of a bottle to bring 

up water from the bottom, which is thus described : •< The bottle had 

a coating of wool, three inches thiclc, which was wrapped up in an oiled 

akin, and let into a leathern purse ; and the whole inclosed in a well 

pitched c<nva$ bag, firmly tied to the mouth of the bottle, so that not 

a drop of wa<er could penetrate to its surface. A bit of lead shaped 

like a cone, with its base downwards, and a cord fixed to its smaflcnd, 

was pnt into the bottle, and a piece of valve leather, with half a dozen 

dips of thin bladder, were strung on the cord, which, when pulled, 

effcduajly corked the bottle on the inside."—! have here put down 

two of the experiments which were made during tliat voyage. 



ttS THt OCBAK* 

** Aagwrt 4, 1 773, north latitude 80* jo'f the heat of the air was 
32 ; of the water at the surfacti 36 ; of water fetched up from the 
depth of 60 fathoms under the tce« 39. 

«* September 4, i773» north ktitude 65®, the heat of the air was 
66| ; of the water at the surface 55 ; of water from the depth of six 
hundred and eighty-three fiithoms, 40. 

** It appears from all these experiments, that when the atmosphere 
was hotter than the surfiace of the sea* the superficial water was hotter 
than that at a great depth ; and when the atmosphere was colder than 
the surface of the sea» it is evident that the superficial water was some- 
what colder than that at a considerable distance below it : and I doubt 
not that this will generally be the case ; though sudden changes in the 
temperature of the atmosphere, which cannot be instantly communi- 
cated to the sea, may occasion particular exceptions." 

Sea water may be rendered fresh by freevin^^ which excludes cw pre- 
cipitates the saline particles ; or by distillation, which leares the salt 
in a mass at the bottom of the vessel. Upon these princtp]es» a mode 
of obtaining a supply of fresh water at sea ^vas recommended some 
yeartago to the Admiralty, by Da. Irving. It consisted in only 
adapting a tin tube, of suitable dimensions, to the lid of the common 
Ship's kettle, and condensing the stream in a hogshead which served as 
a reeeivcr. By this mode a supply of twenty-five gallons of firrsh 
trater per hour might be obtained firom the kettle of one <^ our Ships 

of war. 

A.C. 

CORRESPONDENCE. 



MR. EDITOR, 

Permit me to request that you will insert the following in yoor 
interesting work. 

Extrad of a Letter from a Passenger on hoard the Princess Royal Packet^ 
Captain John Skiitner, during her Voyage wkh the June Mml 
from Falmouth to America. 

New York, August 25, 1798- 

I HAVE at last the pleasure to inform you of my arrival here, the 
1 4th instant, after a very tedious passage : we left Falmouth 
on the 1 2th of June, in company with the Grantham packet, bound to 
Jamaica, whicli kept with us five days. Four days after, on the 
morning of the 21st of June, we fell in with a French privateer ; at 
five o'clock, she made sail after us ; we had light airs and a smooth 
sea— all sails set. At mid day, we triced up our boarding nettings 



CORaBSVONOBKCE* ll7 

and made clear for a^iouy with our courses up. The Privateer, 
towards the aftcmooQ, came up with m fast, by the assistance of her 
sweeps. At seven P. M. our men were all at quarters ; she hoisted 
English coloursf firing a shot, which we returned, and she answered by 
Bgun to leeward. At this time, she was within cannon shot, but it 
growing dark, kept in our wake ; and we turned in, not expe^ng an 
attack till next morning. However, before day>light, at half past 
three in the momingi she came within pistol-shot, and fired a broad- 
side of great guns, swivels, &c. which we immediately returned, and 
kept up a general fire with our cannon and small arms. Our force was 
only two six-pounders, and four four-ponnders ; of which six g^ns we 
got five on one side to bear on them ; we mustered thirty men and 
boys, exclusive of Captain Skinner and his Master, besides thirteen 
passengers and four servants, in all forty- nine. The privateer was a low 
brig, apparently mounting twelve or fourteen guns, and full of men. 
Onr guns were extremely well plied ; a Lieutenant going to join the 
Si* Alban's man of war was Captain of one of our six pounders, and 
the rest of us passengers plied the small arms with much efFe^ The 
engagement continued, without intermission, for two hours, when she 
out with her sweeps, left off firing, and rowed off, for it was near cahn« 
there not bebg wind enough to carry us a knot through the water. 
As she was rowing off, wt got our two stern chasers, the six-pounders^ 
to bear upon her, and bit her twice in her counter, which roust have 
gone through and through, for it caused great noise and confusion q^ 
board, (and soon after we saw two men at work over her stem.) At 
six o'clock, being out of cannon-shot, we ceased firing, and set about 
repairing our damage* She had some swivels fixed on lier tops, which 
would have done us considerable mischief, had they not been drove 
from them eaiiy in the a^on, which viraa Captain Skinner's first ohjcSt 
at the beginning of the engagement.— -Thank God I we had no one 
killed, most of their shot went above us ; the boarding nettings, 
diredly over our quarter-deck, were shot away, as their principal force 
seemed to aim at the passengers, who plied fourteen muskets to some 
adifanti^e, and annoyed the privateer much. 

" Captain Skinner conduced himself well : it was no new biisiness 
to him ) bis orders were given coolly, and every thing done with great 
precision and regularity. I believe you know that he lost his right 
arm in an engagement on board of a frigate last virar. 

*' I cannot omit mentioning, that a Lady (a sister of Captain 
Skinner) who with her maid were the only female passengers were 
both employed in the bread- room during the adion making up papers 
for cartridges ; for we had not a single four pound cartridge remaiuing 

ben the adion ceased. 



iti eORHEIPOHDeiVCB. 

** Our satis were shot througli, tiggiafr very much cut, our spars 
and boat upon deck shot through, several grape and round shot in our 
bows and side, and a very large shot (which must have been a nine or 
twdvc pounder) m our counter. The Ship proved a little kaky afle^ 
the a^iDn,but she got pretty tight again before our arrivaL Captain 
Skinner was slightly wounded, but it now wclL" 

In addition to the foregoing extradt. we have the foUowiog iafonaa- 
tioa from arespeflable American gentleman (lately arrived from Bour* 
deaux.) who was a prisoner on board this privateer when she engaged 
the Princess Royal packet :-— 

He slates her force* to have been fourteen long French fouF*pottBder8» 
and two twelve- pounders ; thai she had eighty-five men on hoard at 
t\\c lime, of whom two were killed and four wounded in the a&ioii. 
That ^1 her masts were shot through, her stays and rigging very 
much cut ; that when she got to Bourdeaux she was obliged to have 
new masts, and a complete set of new rigging. Tliey supposed on 
board the privateer that there was not a single shot fired from the 
packet that did not take efTed ; which seems probable ; for though aa 
low in the vi'ater, she had nineteen shot in her bottom under her wale. 
At the time, there were on board thirty English and Americas pri- 
aoners.' She was so peppered that she certmly would lunre been made 
a prize of, could the packet have pursued her ; and was so cut to 
pieces by the adion that she afterwards ran from every thing, until she 
got into Bourdeaux to refit : the shots that raked her as ^e rowed 
ofiP went quite through, and caused much confusion* 

She is called L'Aventwe privateer of Bourdeaux, has been run* 
ning all the war, and done much mischief ; so that her not being cap- 
tured is the more to be regretted : was formerly the American brig 
Adventfare, of Baltimore* 



Ma. iDiToa, 
The following is an account of the large Ship,' built by Janet the 
Fourth of Scotbnd> and described by his historian with the 
greatest exa6^ness* 

AN HIGHLAND DAME. 

THE King of Scotland rigged a great Ship, called The Great 
Michael, which was the largest, and of superior strength to any that 
had sailed from England or France ; for this Ship was of so great 
stature, and took so much timber, that except Falkland, she wasted 
all the woods in Fife, which were oak wood, with all timber that was 
gotten out of Norroway ; for she was so strong, and of so great length 
and breadth, all the wrights of Scotland, yea and many other strangers. 



CORRESFOVDIKCI. |^^ 

were at her device, by the King's commandment, who wrought very 
basil; in her, but it was a year and a day ere she was compleatc,) to 
wit--.8hc was twelve score foot of length, and thirty-six foot within 
the sides ; she was ten foot thick in the waU, and boards on erery side^ 
to flhck and so thick that no cannon could go'through her. This 
great Ship cumbred Scodand to get her to sea. From that time that 
she was afloat, and her masts and sails complete, with tows anchors 
offering thereto, she was counted to the King to be thirty thousand 
pounds of eapences : by her artillery which was very great and costly 
to the King, by all the rest of her orders,— to wit, she bare many- 
cannons, six on every side, with three great bassils, two behind in her 
dock, and one before ; with three hundred shot of small artillery, that 
IS to say, myand and batterd falcon, and quarter falcon, flings, pestilent 
serpetens, and double dogs, with hagrtor and culvering, corshows and 
handbows. She had three hundred mariners to sail her ; she had six 
score of gunners to use her artillery ; and had a thousand men of war 
by her. Captains, Shippers, and Quarter-Masters. 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 



Plem of the Rmslan Empire^ during the Rfign of Cathtnue the Second^ 
amdio the Close of the present Century. By William Tooke, F. R. S, 
Ifc. 3 Fols. 81/0. i/. 'js. hoards. {Vol. IL Pages 612. VoL III. 
Pages 694, considered,) • , 

(Continued from VoL IL K. C, page S3^J 

npHIS valuable and comprehensive Work would certainly have 

-* been rendered more popular, and interesting, if Mr. Tooke had 

made one volume of appendix ; and arranged such papers by them« 

selves, as arc only tedious and uninteresting 'to general readers : viz^ 

abstrad dedudions respeding the population ; the revenues ; minute 

particulars of the trade ; imports, and exports ; coins, measures, and 

weights; Russbnguape, alphabet, &c. : his labours would thus have 

appeared less prolix. Yet as the same time that we make this cbser- 

▼ation, we by bo means wish to say any thing that should derogate 

horn his great merit ; which ceitainly desei vcs tlie. high commendation 

it has received from a great literary Censor :— ** The importance of 

thesubjed of this work, the authenticity of the sources from which it 

appears to be drawn, the ability which it displays in arranging a vast 

Tanety of matter, and the circumstances which united to particularly 

qualify the author for undeitaking and executing such a performance, 

voti ill. s 



!)• MArAL LtTfKATVRI* 

•Dlitle tt ta more tkaa em n aou noticep and w31 p rob dHy obtain for it 
flK>iv than cominoa approbation *. " 

Mr. Tookc infonm os that the art of catting cannon hat been 
known in Ruttia upwardt of 300 yean : for ** tsar Ivan Vatnllie- 
vitchi" says Lcrctque, *< attira k Moacou det artitant et deaouvricri 
italient ; entre autret Arittote de Boulogne, qui fondoit det oanoot, et 
Ton en (it usage poar la premiere fois en 148a contce k viUe de 
felling en Livoiiiey let Suedoit n'en employoient qnc tKize ant 
apret *•" There it a very large cannon fbundery at Petenburg under 
the direfiion of the artillery corps. 

The twelfth book treats at large of the eommeroe of Rustta ; di* 
tided into the naaritivc commerce on the Biltici and the White Sea, 
on the Euxine and the Caspian ; and into the commerce by land with 
Poland) &.C* — with Pcnia ; with the Kirghtsesy and with China* 
Navigation} and commerce, were pursued 00 the Baltk in the middle 
of the livteenth century, only firom the (now Russian) ports of Finlaod 
and Livonia. As early as the fourteenth ceniury, the Venetians and 
the Genoese, by the way of the Caipian» brought the Indian, Persian, 
and Arabian commodities, with which they supplied the southern parts 
of Europe, over Astrakan, to their nugazincs at Aiof, and Kaffii. 
Mr. Soimonof, according to Mr. Tookc, thinks it would be of great 
advantage, *' to form an harbuur, and establish a place of trade at one 
of the mouths of the river Kur, as it was the intention of Peter the 
Great to do : thither all the commerce of Georgia, and Skirvan» might 
be drawn ; and this place, in time, would become a eootiderable Mart 
for the whole western coast of the Caspian. 

We shall conclude our notice of this valuable work, with Mr* Tookc't 
circumstantial account of the Russian Navy : 

** Russia is possessed of several fleets, entirely dtstinft firom each 
other. She has one in the Baltic, and another in the Euxioc ; the 
former under the Admiraky of St. Petersburgh ; but not the kcbcr ; 
which, therefore, cannot in any point of view be considered as only a 
division of the other ; and by an especial ukase, on account of km 
distance, has its own High-Admical, who was Prince P^tcmkio^ 
To these must be added a third, the galley fl/ect* whose chief wnt tke 
Prince of Nassau- Siegen, but immediately under the £niprets» AH 
the three fleets were in a£^ual service dtu'ine the last war. 

*< The Emperor Peter I. was creator of tLe Russian fleet. B«fbi« 
his reign the Russians had, indeed, smali veasela for nefcaatife or 
transport service, which they navigated along the coasts and oa thia 
rivers ; but they were such wrrtciicd things as we stiU see in som^ 
places on the rivers between Kola and Ai'<:hangel, &c« no iron i» 

• MtntUy Review, December. f Histoirc de Russte, p. 338. 



VAVAL lITEftATVBB, Ijl 

med la their constni6Hoiif not even a single nail. Armed Tesads, 
mnck leas Ships of war^ were at that time not known in Russia. 
But that great Monarch travelled into foreign countries for the sake 
•f leamiBg a better method of building Ships, and of introducing it 
into his empire. He raised a maritime force *y and caused a set of 
regulations to be printed for the establishment of a Navy. Since his 
decease the Government has not always bestowed the same degree of 
attention on the fleet* 

" In the year 1 741 it consisted of twenty- three Ships of the linot 
siflc firigatesi three bomb ketches, seven prames, and eighty new-bailt 
gaDici, 

'( In 1 7^7 they could only count twenty-one line of battle Ships» 
(some of which were in very bad condition^) six frigates, two bomb" 
ketchesytwo prames, two fire ships, and ninety gallies. The crews for 
the whole fleet, including the gaUies, were computed at 20,239 men, 
which, however, (as usual,) were not complete. 

** In the year 1781 they had thirty-four Ships of war, but their 
Aumbef was to be increased to fifty-four f • Whether so many first- 
rates, without the frigates, were sdways kept up in time of peace ; 
alio whether at the commencement of the kst war (as some were fre* 
<|QeBtly kid by as old and unfit for service) so many were a^ually in 
being for the Baltic, I cannot determine. That Russia had consider- 
able fleets, fermiDg together a very respe^bblc Naval force, every one 
knows ftvnn the several a6lions that have taken place in the Baltic and 
in the Bkck Sea,or may be seen from the following cursory view %. 

^ The Baltic Flbet, at the breaking out of the war in 1788, 
was of str^gth suftcient to defeat the aims of the Swedish Navy, by 
eonnog off vi6boricus in an engagement. The force off Hochland 
oonsiflted of thirty sail, whereof seventeen were of the line, (one of 
108 guns^ the rest of 74 and 649) together carrying laiS cannons, and 
seven huge frigates. But at that time some men of war had sailed to 
Copenhagen, and six lay at Archangel nearly ready for sea. Accord- 
^^^Jf we must not lifnit the whole fleet to that number J ; besides, 
aO the Ships were not sent out. 

* Mr. Coxe it of opinion, that the Mas belon^ne to the empire prodacedtht 
flset,tho^||h not tuffiCMOt esereiae for th« wiftora ; Sut e zpcrienM hsa ahtwn Chii 
to bs a oustafcs. 



t The aatte sMbormeotioDa them to have had in the year ijyt thirty-ei^ht 
Shipa of the line, £lteen frigatea, four pramea^ aod one hundred and nine galhes. 

t It wiU not be deemed auperflooui, at no book that I know of delivers a 
utithAorj account of the Russian Nayy. 

J I Gattcter, in hit Abriat derOeiigMphie, p. 31^, wh^re he probably meant 
7th<rBakicfleSt,asuikdairn at thirty tf fiwty Ships of thskne^ andiaall: 
>oat xfj asiL 



*' On their appearing at sea a^ain in the fuAjwingyear^ 1789/ they 
were stated by some to consist of thirty- three line of battle Ships, with* 
out reckoning those which went to the galley fleet under Y^ce- Admind 
Kruse : for, at the sea fight [if the mere cannonading of some Ships 
may be so cL*Ilcd) the Russian fleet, according to their own account, 
consisted of twenty Ships of the line, with some frigates and soialler 
v.csscls ; others spoke of twenty- two first- rates and six frigates. Pre- 
sently afterwards they y^ ere considerably reinforced by the coming up 
of the afore- mentioned Ships from Kioeger Bay* 

** But they were all this while at woik in the yards of Cronstadty 
Pctersburgh, and Archangel, in making a considerable addition to the 
Qeet. For it is well known, that from autumn 1 788 to the summer of 
1 789, at Pctersburgh and Cronstadt, the foUowing men of war were 
built : three of ico guns, four other Ships of the line, (all of oak and 
sheathed with copper,} three chcbecks of 36 guns, six schooners of 
28 guns, with several gallies * and gun-boats. But at the conclusion 
of the year 1789 twenty Ships of war quite new lay ready at Arch- 
angel +. Without these the fleet at aca en the 26th of May 1790 
consisted of thirty Ships of the line and eighteen £rigate$. 
. *« The Fleet in the Black Sea was already very considerable 
when th^ late Empress was at Taurida, so as to excite in her a vtrjp 
agreeable surprise. — In the year 1787 it cpnsisted of about eightefeiT 
Ships of the line, tliat is, twelve at Sevastopol and six at Kherson ^, of 
twenty- fonr frigates, six gnn boats, and a great number of transports* 
In 1789 the fleet in a^ual service was eleven line of battle Ships and. 
several large frigates. In 1 790 it is mentioned in the Hamburgh 
Gazette as composed of twelve men of war of the line, a great number, 
of frigates, gallics, chebecks, and gun-boats, with two hundred fiaU 
bottomed vessels.— The fleet in the Liman was composed ofthirty-fif^ * 
ami in the year i ;88, but on account of the shallows there Jbad no large 
Ships. 

" In the Archipelagp there were only three Ships in the year 1^9^ 
namely, one ftigatcof 36 guns, another of 20, and one chebeck of 16. . 

** But Russia has also raised a flotilla on the Bogue and on the 
Bniepr, nw far from Bender. At the end of the year 1789 it 

• • Rome of the journals affirmed, that almost all the gallics were new-built ; 
but they were wiongly infurmcd, a* several of the old were retained for service. 

f '] hit is stated on the authority ^a «ca officer of great credibility, who was 
at Archangel in the year 1789, and frequtntly kept watch on board thoae new 
Ships.-— Perhaps is aight be for watiM)f tailors that they were aot already in 
the Baltic. 

^ It i« well known thdt «uch large^hipt of war can neither be built nor em- 
ployed there as io the Baltic, from thje wam of wfficieot dep,th of water to nwy 
places. 



HATAL LITlKATVItt. I}! 

consisted already of. Arty schooners, of 6 to 12 ^ns ; b«t in the 
spring of I )90» they were one hundred complete* 

** The Gallbt Flist came into notice agrain by the sea-fight id 
the year 1789.— Pettr I. had made use of this fleet in his war against 
Sweden, as did afterwards the Empress Elizabeth on alike occasion,— 
That in the summer of 17S9 it did not consist entirely of new galliet. 
bat that several of the old were retained for service * has been already 
mentioned* In the engagement of the ||th 0/ August, the number 
of all the vessels belonging to this fleet, great and small, was reported 
at one hundred and ten, which was pretty near the truth ; for, by the 
account of an officer, who was then on board the fleet, the frigates, 
galiies, gun-boats. Sec* all together were one hundred and four ; 
though, for various' reasons, all were net in the engagement, and 
therefore the vid^ry ought not to be ascribed to the superiority of num- 
bers. Besides, the Swedish fleet had taken a very advantageous posi* 
tion among the islands, and blocked up the passage where they apple* 
bended an attack* On which account it caused the Russian fleet so 
much trouble to come at them : however, they surmounted all diffi- 
cokies, and gained the well-known decisive vidiory f • In the year 
&>Iiowing, 1790, they appeared in much greater force at sea* 

[To be concluded in our aextm 



mm 



MR. BPITOR, 

In retiira for the flMmre which I received from the account of Sir Richastl 
Granvill'j Moa (Vol. 11. p. 474J, 1 beg leave to infonn you, that the foUowing 
verses, relativeto that glorious engagement, cAtitlei the Fatal CojK^KiTt 
were published in 1744. 

THE FATAL CONQUEST. 

A POEM 
Occasioned by the' Death of the brave Sir Rx c h a a d G 11 aV v 1 1 l , In Ae Year x^gi, 
after susuining, in the Revenge an English Man of War, a Fight of fifteen H«ur> 
against a Spanish Armada of Fifty- three Sail. ^ 

HISTORIC Muse, awake !— and from the shade. 
Where, long- forgotten, sleep the nohle dead, 
Some worthy Chief seled ! whose martial flame. 
May' rouse Britannia's sona to love of fame ! 

* Some were foondto he utterly unserTiceahle,and sent back to St. Pctersbnrgh. 

f Had the plan succeeded to it>i full extent, scarcely one Ship belonging to the 
Swedes would hare escaped. The attack was begun with impetuosity from 
behind, in order to force the passage that had been blockad up, which was 
likewise successfully accomplished. A slighter attack wm to have been made ia 
Tront, where, as the Swedes had left there an open passage, they would have 
been cut off from all means of aavoig themselves by flight. I'he latter met witk 
Mme impediments that have never j-et been specified or czplained* 



1J4 MAYAi UTIftATVKI#' 

If Rald^h'fl VirtQCy or tbe taOs of Drake, 
Nor can excite their zeal* nor counige wake ; 
Let Gfanvill riws ! (yet ttraogcr to the Muae) 
New vigour lend, and doable warmth infme i 
And while her numbers make the Hero known^ 
Ok t may they» happy» ahare hit &ir renown I 
'Twts in £liza's memorable reign» 
When Britain'^ fleet, acknowiedg^'di nil'd the maiDy 
Whea Heav'n repelled from Albion's aea-girt shore 
Spain's proud invasion !*— dreaded now no more 1 
Di^rs'd the trophies^ of her giant pride. 
Lost on the rocks, or whelm'd beneath the tide. 
The fruitless menace, and vain-glorioaa boast* 
Retum'd in thunders that destroyed her coast ; 
While India's treasures, intercepted, paid 
A rich atonement for the wild bravade ! 

In those blest days—where to the distant eyea 
From Ocean's lap * the green Azores riae> 
,A duster'd heap amid the ^imbient seas 
(Iberia's thei^ now held by Portuguese) 
It clianced tp intercept their treasur'd one 
Howard's + nimble squadron ply'd the western diorc^ 
But. wavering fortune his design survcy'd, 
Flatter'd his wishes first, and then betray'd ; 
The swift approaching pinnace bids him fly ! 
And speaks a vast Iberian Mavy nigh ; 
Sadden the news ! yet sight confinns it trne. 
From Corvo's '^ cape th' Annada rose to view 
In swelling pomp, sail followibg dose oa sail. 
And the proud war advances on the gale. 

The British Chief behokls th' extended fleets 
donsahs hi»iMifetyi and commaxuk retreat | 
Obedient to his flag, his Ships unbind 
The yieUing laO, and gain upon the wind ! 
GranviU alone, while others Bpeedy weighM, 
With stubborn soul rdu&miy obey'd ; 



* The Western Isles, or Azores, lie slmoct in the mid channel, 
tSNT gf c«t cdnoneatt of the world. 

f JLord Thomas Howard, brother to the Earl of Kbtthif ham ; hb 9<mdratt 
MBslsted of she of her Majesty V Ships. — TBe Beftame^ commanded by hlmaelf^ 
^ Ikt^tenxtf Sit Richard Gran^iH ; tht Bmuntutmre^ Cross ; the Lien, Fcnner • 
me Pf4ii^, Vatasor | At CtMe, Duffield ; with ihg Jia/ei^b tender, lliyimc ; 
•id six vi^allevs. 

t Corvo, tbe westernmost of the Azores*. 



irATAt l.lTlltATtr»«» 135 

Rgoic'dto meet ttc foe, alUwagb bea<V 
And aconuBg ev'ry thought of neao retreat* 
In van the Master counsels • time to tei2e» ■ 
To set the sai]^ and snatch the iav^ring breeze* 
The Chief reje^ the motion with disdain. 
Nor fears his English heart the force of Spain. 
Fly from such slaves ! — ^that thought he soon controuIM^ 
' Rotts'd, but not aw'dy their numbers to beholdf 
Warm glows his cheek, he knits his steady -braw» 
And keeps his course, regardless of the foe. 

As when a lion cub in quest of food. 
Traces his sire, the monarch of the wood* 
But by a crew of rustic cloves beseti 
Is barred all prosper of a safe retreat 3 
Stem he looks round, ere£ks his brindled mane« 
His roar with terror strikes the distant plain. 
While timid swains, who dread his kindling ragCt 
Shrink ^ he moves, nor Tentare to engage. 
So Gimnvill his astonish'd foes survey. 
And one by one decfine to meet his way. 
Observe his menace with coniiu'd affright, 
And while they watch their friends^-decfine the fight. 
TiD pitmdiy floating on the axure tide, 
Advanc'd an huge Gailcon in naval pride : 
The Great St* Philip -f" vnth her cwnb'roos sail 
Hides the Revenge, and intercepts the gale : 
The proud Biscayner^ next her sails let fly« 
And each on either side their grapplings ply ; 
Four others ne»t, — (for cowards something leara)-«> 
Fix near the poop, or fasten at the stern I 
On every side the rushing foes advance. 
Roar cannons I glitter spear9> and falchions glance : 
The mingled war augmented strikes the eyes. 
And with its wild uproar assails the skies I 

' £To 6e conchidrdin ear nextm 

* Sir Rjcliard was advis'd bf the matter to bear away, and tnist to hit Ship^ 
which was a prime sailer, but he refused to hear him. 

-f This Ship was of 1500 tons, and by her bulk becalm'd Sir Richard*i sails, to 
that he could not ttoer the Ship. 

I Tliit9hipwM<«nuttandtdby Brittando&a. 

r' 
I 



1 



'3^ XATAl. LlTStATUKg. 



The Karal (Mm of Dttssw bsfc never b«en curpiisel cither ia Ukda/t, m 
modern litenture i they tt «ace speak tod^ heart in ■ manner the meet ttmplr» 
aadpermanve. UkctbeSonfiof the Bards they sboiUd be dtt^fim|rc»ed on 
the memory of the rising feneration ; as haTing a powerfiilaendency to awakes 
a |enaioui» asd hemic >pint» in the mind of the youQf Manner. 



THB 

MARINER'S ADDRESS TO HIS COUNTRYMEN. 

TIGHT lads have I saiTd wftfa, but none e're to tightlj 
At honest B31 Bobstay, so kind and so true f '^ 
He'd sing like a mennaid» and foot it so ligbtlf » 

The forecastle's piide, and delight of the Crew* 
But poor as a beg^o and often in tatters 

He wenty though his fortune was' kind without end ; 
For money, cried Bil]» and them there sort of matters. 
What's the good on't, d'ye see, but to succour a FrtendL 

There's Nipcheese the Purser, by grinding and squeeiin^ 

First plund'ring, then katring, the Ship like a fat» 
The eddy of fortune stands on a stiff breeze in. 

And mounts, fierce as fire^ a dog vane in his hat. 
My bark« though hard storms on life's ocean should rock beo 

Though she roll in misfortune, and pitch end for end ; 
No, never shall Bill keep a shot in the locker. 

When by handing it ou^» he can succour a Friend. 

Let them throw out their wipes, and cry « spight of their crosses^ 

«* And forgetful of toil that so hardly they bore, 
•* That Sailors at sea, earn their money like horsesy 

•• To squander it idly like asses ashore.** 
Such lubbers their jaw would coQ up, could they measure 

By their feelings, the gen'rous delight without end 
' Tliat gives birth in us Tars to that truest of pleasure, 

The handing our rhino to succour a Friend, 

Why what's all this nonsense they talks of and pother. 

About Rights of man ? AVliat a plague are they at ? 
.If they mean that each man to his messmate's a brother. 

Why the lubberly swabs, every faol can tell that. 
The rights of us Britons we knows to be loyal» 

In our Country's defence our bst moments to spend ; 
To fight up to our ears to prote^l the blood Royal, 

To be true to our wives, and to succour a Friend* 



r 



I -129 J 
PLATE XXVIII. 

VJew of the HocHe under jury masts, towed by the Dorif^ 
' 36 Gons, Captain Lord Ranelagb, into Lougb Sw'dlj •, 
on the Coast of Ireland ; as she appeared from on board 
Xh& Robuity f^GmiSy Captain E. Thornboroughy who was 
in company : — from a sketch by Captain R. JViUiams of 
the Marines. 

THE morning of the tvirclfth of 0(ftober, 1798, on which the 
memorable defeat of the French took place off the coast of 
Ireland, by Sir John Borlase Warren, was clear with a ♦cry lit>ht 
breeze, and a great swell : this fevoured the enemf, as it brought tlie 
British Ships bat slowly into action ; i>eing rather scattered, when 
day-fa'ght appeared, and the enemy were discovered. The Hoche 
was thus enabled to hold out so long ; it was four o'dock in the 
aftemooni and during the Chace after the remainder of the Enemy, 
before La BcUone, 44 guns, struck to the Ethalton, 38 guns. Captain 
G. Countess. At this time the breeze freshened so mach, that the 
Mekmpus, ^6 guns, C^t^in G* Moore, carried away her maintop- 
gallant- mast, from press of saiL In the evening the Anson, 44 guns. 
Captain P. C« Durham, fell in with the flying enemy, and engaged 
Jkte of them ; one of which. La Lotrcy $he fell in with again, some 
days after, and captured, in company with the Kangaroo Brig, 1 8 guns. 
Captain E. Brace. La Loire had been engaged t a few days before 
with the Mermaid, 32 guns. Captain J. Newman. 

The weather, subsequent to the twelfth, was again stormy ; 
when the Hoche, already much crippled by the aAion, lost all her 
masts. • The sufferings of the Officers and Men, who had been put oq 
board the prize were extreme ; fatigue and danger became so great, as 
to render it -a common cause : the English and French worked toge- 
ther for their lives at the pumps, reefing, handing sails, &c. ; and it 
was still long doubtful whether they would reach any port. La Bel- 
lone in particular was despaired ofj but providentially reached Fal« 
mouthj though in great distress* 

♦ Lough, tft Lake Swilly , near the N. W. part of the coast ot Ireland : the 
harbonr U large enough for several hundred tail of Ships to ride in deep W9ter ; 
defended from aU winds, being eighteen, or twenty nules in len^h, and above 
a mile over in most places. To sail in, take care to avoid the west side, keeping 
in close along by the eastern shore. 

t Vide page 4Z. 

tlol. III. • > 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS^ 
AND USEFUL NAVAL PROJECTS. 

THE attetuion of the Public has lately been much engaged, urith 
two (iiscoveriee ; both of them highly important to Naval rocnr. 
The finty which we imderBtaDd wai originaRy patropiaed* and brought 
fonqrard by Rear-Admird J« W* Pay^^r ^ an ionentioi^ of Mr* 
Edward Hewlingy the patentee, a GloucesterBfairr hacBitnr ; and 
termed a Longitudinal Initrumbnt ; this bids fair to lead to 
ibat long-sought discorery, £Dr which sudi xewands hare been offisred* 

The IjOngjtudinal Ihstxvment, i$ as impiovei&fnt on 
Hadley's, /or aay other quadranty v xtaat, or compassy and admita of 
being adapted to, any ; being caucecdingly sin^Je, and plain to the 
moat cQffUQOD uodentafiding. It gives the nimiber of degrees, and 
minutes 10 aay hours and minntfs of time recjuired, upon every lati« 
tudCf from any meridian, by inspe^on ; saving the trouble of calcu- 
lation by logarithms, sines, and tangents ; reckoDic^ sixty geogTa{du- 
cal miles to a degree ; and the miSes, and hundredth part of milcsy act 
off at the extent of the instniment, proving at the same timr, whether 
the Day's Work, by The Log, is accurate *• 

The JVcxt discovery ia in tike invention of Mr. Martin, at Leaceater- 
House, which profiesses to recite the Newtonian, or solar system of 
astronomy ; to shew the impossibility of the earth's motion round tl^ 
sun, and the erroneous idea of the moon's influence over the tidcs*-^ 
Mr. Martin is supported by men respc^abk hdth for their tsdcnta nod 
rank* 

Tife RuobuitinSf signed hjq Lyk DireSor qf the R^al Hipiumf ^Pcif^^ 
{inserttd a$ Page 4,}%, Fpi, L of the Nitvai Cbromcki^ afumsenJ l(f 
a profeisional Cqrretfottie^im 

THE first nesolution of The Humane Society, was, that mequ mfu 
he contrived for preventing vessels^ which are Ught^ awd of farticular 
import mice J lucif as Paciett^ froni ftnuufering at tea, lsfc» 

This resolution, Mr. Editor, was put by the Society for the 
Encouragement of Naval Aichiudure, and was answered both by 
Comnpsioi^r •^fchfffik, an^ a Nfffal Officer, unlM^MiR to ta^ qther : 
On mentioning the subjea to Adniind filankeU, be inforased ase tliat 
l^'he ChinesjC Junks^ wluch are of ipegt burthen, arc 4h?PC,4 ia t|ic nflc^ 
manner, with the plans given in* 

♦Mr. Hewliog hu slio made some other valuable inttrameDfi — vi*. 
1. The DiMoNSTaATOi, for jpving the distance, and altitode at one statioo 
at the same time, by intpeaion.— 2. The Land SuRTsrom— and ^ The 
1 iMB£R MiAiVRSK. To be seen at No. a, Palace Street, Pia^ilc^. ' ' 



fnttowfnttAt 9MTtt0* 131* 

Aibm>& t0 RittihtioH the fkitm 

Let s SUpy or voiely be bmlt in the inaMe with a flodr, Mepftideiit 
ef ^ bbftom of llie teasely aiid let this fioof bft w^l caYticeA.-^Both 
Iftre, nd aflty and a^wart Shif^ let Mk heade be built ttp kit thib 
bwtf and itell caofflted, ao as to fern ftvMlhidfpendefit comfMOtmeht^ 
Himdd the Ship be bo^r^ in any partv there can be iM) cHM&municatiofl 
with the othere, and the w9l therefore ediitmue to float, Colliei% 
tmploTed hi the coafthig iTr^e^ ixSi vtfMit whibh earry coht xii 
ba]k> shotihl be built aftei*th{vpktf : fhOtYi of l!he Stows^e wotdd ht 
h^m ttaj vcBBd chat ofrfitd bale gdod^ dr hogslJeads of sugar^ if 
buik itt i&it ntoapcr. 

HasoirVTierN' Uw ftjr /b etA& if ^lipmit^^ tbi gfrcmd «^^ is /b 

AHitiMr' « /0 iife dh^. 
Any pitjedfle fcMewffi cAnY a foe od shoi^ ; bttt^ ifproeeeding; 
fMtat a dtfnAooyAight^ Wfthotit caift«cm>be aMeMed with dagger tb At 
people diere: y«t it i« p^MsSbl^ tio Hre a bo1t» Innh a swivel, eahtioi, 
of cammadey #fafeh wIM run a Lo|r Line off a reeU 

' DefertpHtHi. The ^t> at ^ sUdeb 
ne!Kt the ponder ; aiid rests upoti 
the ch^ar nbb st : tlhis' shot, oh 
being fired, rtini up the Wttnd bat ^, 
^o the fixed shot h \ which enc^ 
betnjg tlie heaviesti will continue fore- 
most ; and, if the fifte does ndt 
brhdc, will carry it to a gfre&t dis^ 
tance. The shot /, may fit ihto tK& 
shof ^, so alb to wedgb«:^-kk r^preT- 
fent»achaiA, one foot, o¥ eigKteeh 
inches long. This chaAi if fksten'ed 
to the end of a deep Seisr Line, Wftich 
i^coJM in* t tuh^ or bailket' ; /> the 
cavity in the shot b ;• tf IflOte of the 
mnzvle of the cannon. 

The atove AAhbdr \i cefti^nly 
not ^piite safei tboti^ it- inf^h^ Hb 
wed IIP ease* of the #Hfd bloVHrtg 
obBquoy amn^ the niof% Tn^tb 
are xoataneca of cfittley pi|fi»' add 
dogs»« cotTveying sf line on thw^ : 

* This valuahk comniiinicaclon of our Correspondent, hu tkerf vatvoM* 
Mj ddayed ; if sEonld otherwise Have appeared seme lAontht ago, being 
-eleHoditf Ja»e« 




|Jt# FHaOSOPHICAL FAVIMt 

but, should the wind be foil on the shore, a boy's paper Kite will carry 
first an in^h rope on shore, to which vaAj be bent a six inch hawser^ 
if the former is fast to the tnd of the line of the Kite. As rain, or 
the sea spray, would soon render the Kite useless, let it be made of 
demi royal paper, and when the paste is dry have the whole of it done 
over by a brush, with linseed oil : it will thus be neither injured by 
wet, nor be so liable to tear. A Kite six feet high, will carry a raft 
with six men on shore ; and the reflux of the sea, on the beach, wiD 
not affeck it — as the l^itc will run the raft at an immense rate through 
the surf, until it takes the ground* If a Sailor waa to put a two incJi 
rope under his arms, and round his breast, to be there knotted ; witk 
fibout a&thom of rope from thence, the end of which was bent to the 
line of a Kite ; if the S^lor then held fast by the rope, and jumped 
overboard, his knees would barely touch the yrater— as he would be so 
much lifted up by tlie Kite, in his attempt to gain the Shore, although 
the Kite was small, and not above four feet high. About thiity-fiTC 
years since, Mr, Edgeworth, ^ great mechanic, drove his light phae* 
ton to Henley Hill, which was then steeper than it is at present ( 
he took pff his hofses, and flew two Kites, one of six feet, the other of 
£ve feet, and made £ist the lines to the phaeton, into which he got* 
He had two men walking at the sides of ^e pole to alcer the carriage i 
and the Kites hauled the phaeton up the hiU. He next took a child's 
phaeton, into which, by way of ballast, he put six stone ; and flew the 
small Kite (five feet high), and made the line fast to the pole of tlie 
carriage. This was on a large flat common near his house ; on letting 
the carriage go, it setoff faster than an horse codd gallop ; there was 
a ditch of considerable width, full of water, in the middle of the com- 
mon ; the little phaeton skipped over from baiik to bank, nor did it 
once stop, until the cross hedge at the end of the common impeded its 
further progress. 

Resolution III. ThiU the construaion of lifi^Boats togQ frm tht 
shore to a 'vessel wreckedt is a most laudable and excellesU mvem* 
tioUf &r. 

Answer to the ahove. 
Let various compartments in a boat be made of sOk rubbed over. 
with diluted elastic gum, with dried seal, or other light skins, ii^ 
frames. Let the scat of every rower be in the midships of each 
tbwart, and an elevated piece of wood of about six inches be fixed 89 
as to form a seat to prevent sliding to and fro on the thwart : for the 
convenience of rowing, the thwarts must be further asunder, and 4 
compartment open for each man's legs, and a stauncheon with notches 
under the fore part of each thwart, for the feet to bear against.— In 
putting x)ff from a lee shore, many boats are swamped in the surf : if 
oil was pumped into the surf from /wo gr three fre engines^ it would 



FBIL060PHIC1L FAPBR9* 153* 

(dm die rar&ce of the wster, and a boat cotild put off with safety; 
Oil thrown overboard from a Ship will eoaUe a boat to Jay alongside 
in an heavy sea, that would ojLherwise be da^d'to pieces. 

In the year 1 77 4, off Greenwich (in Jaipaica)^ Kingston Haiboiir» 
thei;e was so much wind, and 8ea» that I was forced to get up the Ship's 
stem ladder^ as no boat could venture alongside the Ship : the long 
boat was veered astern to prevent her being stovei just as I got on 
board* Four cables length to Iteward of the Ship I was in^ there waa 
a frigate, that was tarring and blacking her yards: the heat of the sua 
occasioned the tar to drip^ and the oil of the tar calmed the surface of 
the water above a cable's length round her ; there was not a ripple On 
the water, and t^o small canoes by together alongside abreast of her 
g?9gway. 

The late Dr.. Franklin proposed to render the^ sea smooth by 

throwing oil into it. ^ A Dutch Ship was stranded^ in a gde of wind» 

on the Godiytn Sands, laden with oil ; the Crew of which were saved 

by a Peal boat, which dared not venture alongside, until a great 

quantity of oil had been thrown overboard : after which the boat hf 

alongside the Ship without the least danger. I have often wished, 

when sailing in divisions in a large Fleet ; or lying-to in a ^ gale of 

wind, that by signal, every Slup dftooldf at the same instant, throw 

ovcfboaid a large quantity of oity to tee- the cStSi it would produce 3 

I have my doubtst whether the wind would not abatei when thesur&ce 

of the Sea became smooth. I bdieve one of the caosea of wind to be, 

iiiU ^aterif not saturated wkh air ; the current of^hkh rushes fwMy 

to the 'UfoteTf as towards a vacuum ; and that the earthy or the ntegekAle 

enatiout is m want of air^ at other Umes» I have often m sunnier 

observed the Sea continue for hours odm ; although on the knd there 

was a stiff breeze : and 'vlce versa^ during the winter^ I have noticed 

a calm at land, in an exposed situation, when a most violent gale of 

wind continued at Sea. Could any medium in either case intervene, 

it would a& as a repeflant ; and the cause being removed, the effeft 

fnight cease ; when a calm would probably succeed. 

Resolution IV. That the institution of a hody of watermmf 
ready to venture on all occasions of Slnpwreck, in Ufe-boats, or other 
vessels f to assist persons In Astress^ would he osttremely uiefid^ t^c^ 

Jnswer to the ahove» 
If a body of Watermen were formed that had distinft privfleges, and 
were regubrly paid, it is probable they would enjoy the benefit of 
their situation and sahuies until wanted ; when they would perhaps 
not chuse to venture their lives : and, it might happen, that ill health, 
fir absencei when an opportunity offered of rendering service to % 



154* niaoioftriOAL futtu. 

tCBsd m dKstt«8l» tiiif^ pfCfCnC tmtf tf the pAA/tga 8Mf }Mini 
called upon : tii • ih«it tkm k would be eonaiiiefed itittYf as « sine- 
cure place. But, )f faiAcid of a* en^btislied Body of Watehheiiy 
Cfcrf iMn ott Um iesicMSli #fao ir«MfK^ Us Bfe ii a boat to save the 
crew of i vessel Aipmrteeked, 6t strandM in a gale of irfiid, was ex- 
amjlttd frotti beh^ impressed, aiid ^vore id cofise^eAce a badge tbit 
shoHM alvMf * ptaf e a Pfote6(iMi ; if h« waa also aflowtd a p«Ai)uoi& of 
tol. a-yeliP| to IWpaid by fde Ttcasnrer of the Navy» <fn attaining tb( 
9gt of Mtf fHt^ or before tbit period if disabled by acddent from 
gaiiring a Ut^llboad ; tbe conse^oeoce would prove very beneficial to 
att s«a^ag men, and ^obslderabk bittre Would be reflefted on the 
MiiMial biiNMUiiiy of tlie Govmtfy. If tbe same tktaft v^ntofed Us Kfe 
successfully a second time, be should be entitled to 241* a-year ; and 
if a dkM tdiif0# should iffifhedlatdy obtab a pension of %cL a-ytar. 
Shovid any imui lose his fif« ifl his endesftourt to sate the crew of a 
distftssed Ship» or vessel, bis wife, children, ftcher, mother, grand- 
Jktheryor gnrndOM^ieri ac^ordii^to their age, or chcuttstanoes, should 
rcdeiVC a pAiiioa. I ^Uh, Mr. Etstof, 

Tdurciohst^t Reader, 

L. 

Bosapar's Pakm Mtaturefir $U bdlmt Ptmgf9dt 9§ it rfHk Mtjetifi 

4rs m freum Swi^ : aad fit ^BuaU^ mM^ «lr ki&kfaBk 
Nrnkum tmd tkrtrMvB EfiA rf ktu aa i^Otd SUfk / 0ti ainfit 
^PrfVMm, ^ iMidgif or mMig Bi^ W09t<f Ve* tfc* s ^ifi 
Ohtrvaiimt tkenttk, By AaaasAiif Bcn^aT, Etf. Pomiet^' Idle 

(Cofickddd fr6tt Page 64.) 

Oharvaiiam Al the fir^^ Metmmetw 
THEduratiott of SUpaof War is ootaputedott an spvan^at i4t noi% 
than twelve or thitteen years } fiar too short a tant &r so cxptasiTa 
and iisalid a stiftaAute to last. The only cjcjfcdieMS which have been 
iw4d to givcf ptsMt dwabiUty, are ^ batler seasoning of the 
tiflrfkef I coplter bottoals, and Iheiaardteiagthe thioluiessof tho planka 
from four to five and tlx inches, according to the magnitude of the 
Ship ; whilst the real cause of lliis gaHopilig consumption has never 
been uad^mtood, and dw roots of the evil, becamae ott of sight. Were 
Out of miad } vrhieh ia too eommona case, and baa proved a very fiital 
one ia thb instance^ Much has been done to preserve the eateriot 
parts of the sides and bottoms of Ships, whAa the iasenial- parts have 
been tota&y negleeisd 1 yet I bcKevc it is well knawn» that the iatarioQ 



>iij.AjBOfai^At rims* t35« 

p»b» oft^c pbd;9t ap4 4^ l^unfoffs 19 cooud uritb than, a^^iceli'^ 
the nails, boltSy trunncby &c. are generally wholly ixpp^urfd before th^ 
fiutfif ^fuSnts of the jitvijcs, are v^p^y inJMred : all buildera, and 
)>n^ersrup of Shjps i^ p^i9ular^ ^ve sensible of ^19 ; bvil it w p^c 
for tjheiT iotfrest it Ao^ ^ Q^yfi^f , 

. The caiiaea pf thif i^^terpal 4ftc^ I have alr<a4y mcmion^. wbicli 
ja aaboit time neltuce? ^n4 W*hingpi ijje whole Ship, a)d Qq?AsiQH0 ^tm 
»Wt expire wp^ir? t(9 be too frqi}*eB% A<:f;!(:mi7 ; wbfrw I PWf 
Wflflif€ t» affirm, t^ a Ship «» fqrtificd wW be ? wpntjcf {uujl % #liff« 
)rei9di.4l the e^ of ^nrootj y^^rf, tl^n d^e wpul^ (^hcrwMe be s^tk^ 
gpi of tfreli^ : )>ttt supposi^ that t^^s me^i^UKe woul4 94d bat ^r« 
pr cveg tifo ycara to d^ d^ra^ipn of a Sh^, in cither i^a^e, wh^ 4 
ismiig ipt^ it fee Jo tfcc p^ipp» both 'm timber 9^4 th<; othjqr e»pe«M?6# 

;B]r thif m^m^t it i^^ ?ppff»f cxldt^U tha^ small les^s will bf 
^9M^ aiyppf^ed, »n4 gre^t qpe^ ipp*^ f^ei^tially preveate4 f for if 
fsfm a ]da9)L f h^^ sfj^rt, n drpp of wat^r coul4 not §nd it« way 
Inlp the ^p« by 1^)^ <9iH;h tim a^ libp^ir wo\W frc 8ftw4 ^ U*f 
pMnpf, tba py^9 9^ pid i^ufy, «#4 P«*?hly {Q^^dqpMg faf pr^^teptf d* 
IV At^mp&t »y^4 ^ X«4l40^ pMf? w^M 9I49 U a v<;ry oi^teri^l 

advantage* 

Of |1)^ £(h4 §^ 4»il>P aV| f9f9t9Jiie4 in ;boM recess^ between the 
ikHmh oftg* «?H4«Fe4 WtiJ^fl^^l by ^he cjtbalations apd dkwf^ 9f 
1^ diiBw* tb#rc ha^F/l b«i^ tOM ]))^f)y .£|tal ifuUn^^ aa4 for which nq 
|MPCvcnjiv(B b^ bi^beitP app«!«P<l } fumig?M«n ^W b*^« *>"»« fsdiitgry 
<^& ^ A« «nW«pt, ^ut ^hifi K o?4y pf a^U^rt 4HratiQn, i^^d flCY«r 

rciK^ tbc rpp^ of tl^ (Mff^iffU 

I« ^4iti9n tp these ifl^pprtant befiefits, the in^olen^de n^i«ulc^ 
and d^«M«dHr« ^ffe^ of »i|t|J will fee totally dq^c n^^y j by wW<;h a9 
jmipfBi^ laving pfpsy^Yifioa of ^fry Und wiU )^ n^periciiccd ; bqtid^ 
the permdnw iiR4 ^qB6AK4 ^t iii»4 los\lh^mf «vnel} opcasip^ed by 
thflte venaio living* 47iRg» awd «o(^9g l)et^eex» ^ tip4<r|| wpilU 
no longer be complainnd of* 

SUpi abrcady buik in»y bff wturated) pr A^tiM in the «B«9n«>r d«* 
scribed, with very littjf p4|litionj4 trau}))^ | af^ I jin^ of opioiaip^ 
Uiat the expence on a first rale Indiaman, or fourth rate Ship of war, 
would not exceed four hundred and fifty, er flvo hundfcd pnunds ; 
but if it exceeded okc thousand, the advantage gained would stiU be 
tenfold in fevour of the objed; for even supposing that the id* 
dhiomd duration of two years only was aequived, it would be in 
that single respeft an advantage to the nation, equal le one Ship in 
every six. 

it may be a matter of nudi awprtte, th^t a measufe of soek un- 
rivalled importance should so long have escaped the notieeefwanMnJi 



ijS* ^HltOSOPklCAL TAPttU 

it least the simply pitching! fcc« the interior sur&ces of the phnlo^ 
timbersy and lining. 

Indeed every tninnell in the Ship ought to be soaked a few ihinutes^ 
In hot or boiling pitch, before they are inserted in the Ship ; for as" 
every bore is a true cylinder, and no trunnell fully ronnd, there must be 
many void spaces in the bore, when the pin is drove hoM'e ; though 
minatey these are yet the cause of the admission of both air and water, 
which no doubt- promotes the rapid decay which is found in many 
of the tmnnellsw There is besides^ as I believe, an error which lias long 
prevailed, which is, that a warped or crooked trunnell takes ihe best 
hold : it may in some respefb be so at first, btat it is not of long durtf> 
tion ; because the elastic tendency of the pin, which incHnes it to itsnav 
tural curviture, is soon spent, by being forced to comply to the r^&x*^ 
h'near diredkion of the bore, so that at the end of a month or less*, 
if it were drawn forth, it would be found perfe£)[!y straight, and would 
not prove a tight pin on being returned to the same bore ; whereas 
the trunnell that is straight and round, and fills the bore in sdl its 
parts, continues iirm and longer sound in proportion, as there is lesk 
space for the retention or admission of the air or water ; but certainly 
pitching the trunnell would cause it to drive freely, hold firmer, and 
last longer. 

On the principle of durability, it has been proposed, that all planks 
used in the constru£tion of Ships, should be increased in thickness 
from tbree^ \ofouryji*ve^ and stx inches, according to the magnitude of 
the Ship ; this, if it would increase at all the duration of a Ship^- 
would be doing it at an heavy expence indeed \ as it would consume 
at least a thiid more timber for the planks than is at present consumed) 
without reaping perhaps any advantage in any degree adequate t* the 
extra consumption of so important an article : whereaa I am satisfied^ 
as every dispassionate man must be, this measure being adopted, that 
planks much thinner than those at present used, would answer all the 
purposes of duration and security to a much greater extent of time 
than the increased thickness could afford ; and that in this respe£b 
tilone, there would be a saving in timber more than tantamoani; to die 
expenoe attending the above salutary measure. 

C. ZA!ii|»ETiifif 9 French physiciao, has made some' ezperl* 
meptSi by which it appears^ that the flowers and seeds of the romniM 
fi^)c, {Uriica diodes f LiNN.) may be employed in fever instead of 
Cinchona* This substitute was attended with a success beyond all 
expectation, in tertian and quartan malignant fevers. The nettle 
often produces a speedier effedl than bark. The dose must never 
c^qedd a dram $ and is given in winCj two or three times in the courso- 
of twenty-four hours. 



[ »3; 3 

■ 

AOMXRALTT OTFICt, SEPT. 3O, T79g. 
dofiy 9/ a Letter from Sir Jobm BorUte IVarrm* 
Mr LORtt» Temeraire, at Sea, Seft. S3« 1799* 

t Take the liberty of incloaing to your Lordship the copy •fa letter I received 
from Captaia Gore, of his Majesty's ship Triton, acquainting ac of hi» 
having captured, on the 13th inst. Le St. Jacques, Chasse Mar^e. 

I have the honoar, &c. &c. 
Might ffem. Lord BridjtH-t. J.WARREN. 

SIR, Triton, at Sea, Sept. x%, 1799* 

This motning a lugger came out of L^Orient, which, on coming near, en- 
deavoured to escape, hut I got up with and captured her. She is called 
Le St. Jacqaes, mounts six four-pounders, and 16 men, bound to Roctfort with 
a cargo of shells, consisting of 66 1 of thirteen inches, with other things. She 
belongs to the Republic, is neW, and in good condition. 

1 remain, &c. &C« 
tear- Admiral Sir John Warren. K, B. l^e. life JOHN GORE. 

ADBftlRALTT-OrriCt, OCT< 8. 

ixtraS of ei L^eT from J^Ue- Admiral Mitchell to £vaM Ke^edm, Biq. dated Bahet^ 

of EnkuHsen, 0<f?. I, 1 799. 
This lAorning a Lieutenant of the L'Espieglc brought me the aci^Ompanying 
letter, which I have sent for their Lordships* information. Much 2eal and 
gallantry has been displayed by Captains Bolton and Boorder, with their officers 
and men. 

~ SI K , Wolwretie^ Lemmtr Boade, Sept. 29. 

On Friday morning, at six o*clt>ck, I came to an anchor, with the Haughty 
and Piercer, close to L'EspIegle^ distant about six miles from Lemmer ; from 
Captain Boorder I received every information I could desire* Finding the 
enemy had a thousand regulars in.. the town, and desperately determined to 
defend it, I immediately gave diredions for completing the flotilla which 
Captain Boorder, with his usual judgment) had begun. He had prested two 
■choots ; on board of each were put two of L'Espiegle's six-pounders, which, 
with the two flat bottom boats, and Isis's launch, formed a respeAabie arma« 
ment. Being willing to spare the effusion of human blood, especially of inno* 
cent vidims, on Saturday at day-light I scut Capt. Booider on shore with thtk 
loUowiog letter t 
sia, . 
Resistance on your part ii in vain ; I give you one hour to send. away the 
^osnen and children ; at the expiration of that time, if the town is not surren- 
dered to the British arms for the Prince of Orange^ your soldiery ahall be buried 
i& its ruins. 

] have the honour to be, your obedient servant, 

W. BOLl ON, 
Captain of his Majesty's Ship Wolverene. 
f • /^ Commdndatti of Lemmtr, 

Soon after Captain Boorder^s departure I weighed and stood in shore* About 
liine A. M. I observed him returning, and soon after a flag of truce came out of 
the harbour. Before Captain Boorder arrived, I noticed the gun-boats which 
had been moored across the harbour moving towkrds the canals ; I instantly 
dispmtched Lieutenant Simpson with a flag of truce to inform them, that I con* 
sidered their removal, or any other military arrangement, as a breach of the 
armistice, and if persisted in 1 should instantly bombard the town : before he 
returned, the flag of truce came on board with the following letter t 

To Captain Beiton% Commandant. 

I hare received your summons ; the Ntunicipality request twenty-four hours 
to send to their proper authority to accede to your demands. 

(Signed) P. VAN GROUTT£N, Commandant. 

N. B. Please to send an answer by the bearer. 

msA, III. T 



13^ GAZETTB LETTERS. 

I immediately replied as follows : 

SIR, 

T have received your letter ; and have the honoar to inform yoa, that if the 
Prince's colours are not hoisted in half an hour after the receipt of this, 1 shall 
bombard the town. ^ 

Your obedient servant, W. BOL/TON. 

To Mynheer P, Van Groutten, Commandani of Lemmer» 

I dispatched the Dutch Officer, and informed him I was coming down into 
my disposition before the town. I found by Captain Boorder, that the north 
part of the pier was considerably reinforced by some eightcen-ponnders, taken 
from the gun-boats, which made a little alteration in our disposition necessary ; 
and I was much concerned to find my brave able Dutch pilot declare, that from 
the southerly winds the water was so low, the Wolverene could not get in. 
Finding It a regular oozy flat for two miles, I pushed through the mud until 
within musquet-shot of the shore. The gun-brigs passed ahead within pistol* 
shot of the pier ; but both, as well as myself, were, and not in the most 
favourable position, completely aground ; but seamen ought never to be at a 
loss. The enemy, notwithstanding the flag of truce, commenced a heavy fire, 
which in an instant was returned from ever)" part of the squadron : the a<2ion 
coi'.tinucd nearly an hour, when the enemy flew from their quarters, the soldier* 
deserted the town, and the Piercer's boat's crew planted the British standard 
on ihe pier. I do not wonder at the strong opposition, as the troops were mostly 
French. 

I cannot too much praise the valour and conduct of the officers and men under 
my command. Lieutenants Mends and Field led their gun-brigs in with great 
courage ; the ^ame with the officers who commanded the schqots and flat-boats. 
T feel great obligation to Captain Boorder for his assistance ; but his praise is 
beyond my commendation. Lieutenant Reddy, of the Speedwell, and 
Lieutenant Simpson, of the Isis, distinguished themselves particularly ; the 
former I sent with a flat-boat to get off the Piercer ; the latter the Haughty. — 
To Captain Boorder I confided the arrangements on shore. I'he gale freshened 
fast, and it was necessary to preserve the \Volverene ; with some difficulty her 
bow wtts hove round : the wind fortunately came round to the southward; 
and by starting all the water, with a heavy press of sail fur two miles, I dragged 
her through the mud, steering by sails only into eleven feet water, where she 
now lies. All last night it blew excessively hard, the ship struck repeatedly, hut 
tisino^ every means to lij;hten her, she rode it out tolerably well. This morning 
at ten o'clock I observed a body of the enemy advancing against the town along 
the northern causeway ; I immediately sent to Captain Booiider to apprize him 
of the danger : in a little time the town was attacked on all sides, but very soon 
I had the sat'sfadion of seeing the enemy retreat. From the mast head . I 
perceive the town is nearly surrounded by water, so that a few brave men, 
with a flotilla on the canal, can most cflfc^SluaUy defend it. I have no doubt hut 
a well-timed suc^our to these people would cause the whole province to throw 
off the French yoke. 

1 have the honour to be. Sir, &c. 

WLXIAM BOLTON. 
Fice^Admiral M'.UbeH, life. \^e. 

ADMIRALTY OmCI, OCT. 12. 

^^py of a Letter from Admiral Sir Hyde Parker , Knt, Commander in Chief of hh 
Majeity*t Siipi an J Feisels tit jjmaica^ to £van Kep<an<^ £sq» dated Port jRoyai 
Harbour^ ^fmmaica^ jfuly 21, 1709* 

SIR, 

1 herewith transmit you, for the information of the Right Honourable 
the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, an account of armed and merchant 
vessels, captured by tlic cquadron under my command, since my last rcturUy 

dated die 26 ih of Tunc i am, ^c. 

H. PARKER. 



GAZETTE LETTERS* I39 

Am Au9»mi of Armed and Merebant VunU captured and dtstrtytd ly tie Squadron 
mnder my CommoMd sitict my last ReturnSf dated the zOth June, by b'u MajeUy'j Shi^ 
Htgulus. 

AmUED VESSELS. 

A French sloop of 3 guns and 13 men, cut out from under a battery at Rio de 
la Hache, afterwards scuttled by the Stork. 

A French cutter named Le Degourde, of 8 guns and 35 men, with a cargo of 
wme, brandy, and dry goods, from Boardeaux, bound to Cape Francois. Taken 
by the Pelican. 

A Spanish xebec of 16 guns, laden with wine, brandy, and dry goods, from 
whence unknown, no papers found, run on shore off of the east end of Porto 
Rico, and got off afterwards by the boats of the Acasta. 

A Dutch schooner, named Governor Louffer, of z guns, 19 men, and 90 tons, 
firom Jacamel, bound to Curacoa, laden with coffee, 'i'aken by the Diligence. 

A French schooner, name unknown, of 4 guns (pierced for 14), from Cape 
Francois, bound to Europe, laden with coffee and cocoa. Taken by the 
Sparrow, 

[Here follows a list of Twentt-Fiout Merchantmen of different 

nations, captured by the same squadron.] 

Copy of a Letter from Admiral Kingsmillt Commander in Chief of bis Majesty* s Ships 
and Vessels in the Mediterranean^ to Mvan Nepean^ Esq. dated in LondQn the %tb 
instant^ v 

SIR, 

Please to lay before my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty the accompa- 
nying letter, which I have received from Captain Macnamata, of his Majesty's 
ship Cerberus, giving an account of his having captured L'Echange French 
letter of marque. I am, &c. 

^ KINGSMILL. 

SIR, CerheruU ot Sea^ S^pt. z8, 1709- 

His Majesty's ship under my command this da) captured L'Echange French 
letter of marque, pierced for 14, but carrying only ten guns, and 4c men, six 
days from Bourdeauz, bound to St. Domingo, with a cargo of bale goods^ . 
wines, &c. I am, &c. 

J. MACNAMARA. 

AOMIRALTT-OFFXCS, OCT. 1%. 

Lieutenant Senhouse, of his Majesty's brig Rcquin, arrived this afternoon 
with dispatches from Vice- Admiral Lord Hugh 5-cymour, Commander in Chiet 
of his Majesty's ships and vessels employed at Barbadoes and the Leeward 
Islands, to £van Nepean, Esq. Secretary of the Admiralty, of which the fol- 
bwlng are copies : 

«IR, Prince of Wales, offBram^s Point, Aug. 3 1, 1 799. 

1 have the honour to forward, for the information of my i.ords Commissionert 
of the Admiralty, a copy of the articles of capitulation signed on the 20th inst. 
for placing the very valuable colony of Surinam under his Majcity's proteAion ; 
an event on which f most sincerely congratulate their Lordships. Having bee* 
taken very ill on Tuesday hst, 1 have not since been in a state to attend to 
business, which I hope will be admitted by their Lordships as a sullicient 
apology for my not giving them a detailed account of this fortunate event. 
1 have, however, sent a copy of my letter to the Secretary of State, for their 
Lordships* information. I have sent lieutenant Senhouse in the Requin armed 
brig with my dispatches, whose intelligence, zeal, and adivfty, have recom- 
mended him most strongly to my notice, and will, 1 hope, to their Lordships* 
lavour and prote(ftion.— I am not able at present to forward an account of the 
vessels captured at Surinam, two of which I have been obliged to take into his 
Majesty *8 service until their Lordships' pleasure can be known ; but I shall 
take the first opportunity of sending that account fur their Lordships' in- 
formation. 

I am, &c. &c. &c. H, SEYMOT'R. 



140 CAZBTTI tETtBRS. 

The French corTCtte THttnar, a ' rerj fine vcs«el, only aeren men^t •M, 
faiouuts to nine-poundcrs, now ttrving at the Surinam tloop, and laentenant 
Cole, of the Prince of VV^aica, appointed to command her. 1 he Camphaan brig, 
ef 16 guns, lace belonging to the Government of Holland, now serving under 
the fame name, and Lieutenant 1'hwaites, of the Prince of Wales, appomtcd to 
command her. 

Ctf/jf ff M Litttrfrmm Km Admiral Lord Hugh Sijmtmr to Mr. Ntfemm, 

S I K , Printe of f^ala^ o£ BrMm*s Poifity Aug. ^ f . 

^ I have the tatlsfa^ion to inclose, for the information of the Lords Commii- 
sioners of the Admiralty, a letter which I have hist receiyed from Captain 
Western, of his Majesty'* ship Tamer.— I am, 5ir, 3cc. 

H. SEYMOUIL 

MT LOtD, Tamer t offSMrinam^ Aug. 19. 

T hare the honour to inform your Lordship, that on Monday mommg the 
16th inst. a little after day-light, bring then about four leagues to wettwtfd of 
Orange, I discovered a strange tail bearing W. N. W. and having the erening 
before had a running fight with a large French corvette, who escaped by getting 
into shoal water and rhe darkness of the night, and conceiving the sail in sight 
to be the same, 1 immediately gave chace About half past five P. M. I got 
alongside of her, when af'er about ten minutes close adion rhe struck, and proTet 
to be the national corvette Republicaine (commanded by Citoyen Le Bozcc^ 
Capitaine de I-rigatc, of 32 guns, 24 long nines, and 8 thirty-two pound car- 
ronades, and 220 men, from Cayenne, on a cruise, and had uken two Americans. 
I had two seamen wouoiled in this bufiness, and my sails and rigging a good 
deal damaged : the enemy is almost a wreck, and I have towed ber up here 
. with mc ; her loss I understand Co be nine killed and twelve wounded. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

THOS. W£3T£RN. 
t 

ADIIIRALTT OrpiCI, OCT. 1^. 

C(p/»y of a Later from Viu-A^m'tral the Right Hon. Lord Keith, K. B. to Mwam 

JSV/>M», Esq dated the i btb itutunt. 

SIR, 

I mclose, for their Lordships* information, a letter from Captiin Digby, 
ef Ms Majesty's ship Alcmene, to mc, acquainting me with the capture ofn 
French letter of marque, and have the honour to be, ^ir, &.c. 

MT LORD, AUmemeat Sea^ Se/)t. 22, 1799* 

f have the honour to acquaint you, that I captured, on the i6th ult. 1 esDeux 
Amis French brig letter de marque, of fix guns and 6« men, from France, bound 
to St. Doniingw.— >! have the honour to be, &c. 

H. DIGBY. 
f^iee-Atfmirai L«rd Keith, l*fe. 

$o/y cf a Letter f re ft the Htn. Caft. Stepferd^ ef his Majeify** Ship £xeel/emi, /» 
£vaH Ke/-euMy Eiq, dated CaM'iand Bay, ijth 0{i. 1799* 

8TR, 

T have to request that you will acquaint the I>ords Commi8?ioner» of the 
A Jmin^lty, that on the icrb in»tant, be:ng to windward of the impregnable and 
her convoy, in a very thick weather, 1 discovered a brig standing towards the 
convoy, which altered her course upon nccing the fJiip ; I chased and came up 
with her in the ripht ; fhe proved to be a Frmch corvette, called L'Arethute, 
carrying i8 nine pounder guni>, snd i$3 men, con^manded by Lieutenant de 
Vaift^e.io, from Pert • 'Oiicnt, bound to Cayenne with dispatches, which were 
destroyed previous to her capture, t he is a new vessel, of large dimensions, and 
tails wail. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

R. STOPFORD. 



GAZITTI LSTTCRS. HI 

ADMIKALTr>OPrice-,'OCT. 12. 
Mxttaffof. a Lrtitrfrom Vicf Admiral MHcbellto Evan ffe/tean, Esq. dated on hoard 

bit Majesty*! Ship Isis^ near the Fliefer, dated the i$th intt. 
' 1 inclose a copy of a letter from Captain Campbell, giving an account of 
tbc capture of four gun-boats in the Zuydcr Ze-?, and a copy of a letter from 
Captain Boorder, containing an account of two unsuccessful attacks made by 
the enemy on Lemmer; by all which their Lordships will perceive that I cannot 
too highly extol the gallantry and good condu<ft of these Captains, «nd of the 
officer» and men under their command. 

•II, His Majesty % Gun Brig Hasty^ of Marhn^ Oa. 7, 1 799. 

1 beg to inform you, that I yesterday sailed from U sk, with the Hasty, 
Defender, and Cracker brigs, and Isis schuyt ; and having reached this place by 
four A. M. I proceeded with the boats to attempt cutting out the i^utch gun-* 
boats lying on ornear the Pampus, and am happy to say, succeeded in getting 
jKMscssion of four without the h>ss of a man. 'I'hey each mount four long guns 
or carronades, and have between twenty and thirty men ; one of them built 
on purpose for a gun-vessel, and quite new, carrying two long eighteen- 
ponndcTs in her bow, and two eighteen -pounder carrooades on her broadside ; 
the rest are schuyts. 

I be^ to recommend to your notice Messrs. Hall and Winter, Midshipmen, 
lor their spirited behaviour on this occasion, as also all the seamen engaged, for 
thfiir alacrity in boarding, and good condu<3 after having gained possession. 
I have sent the Defender with charge of the gun-boats, and have the honour co 
be, &c PAl'K ICK CAMPBhLL, 

Commander of his M^ jesty*8 bloop Dart* 
fie*- Admired Mttcht/lf Enehttysen* 

SIR, Lemmer Tovfn, JVrst Friezland^ 0£l. II, 1799- 

I have the honour to inform you, that at five o'clock this morning the enemy 
made a general attack on this town in four different parts. 1'heir advanced , 
party attempted to storm the North Battery. We soon got them between tw^> 
fires ; our tars with"' pikes surrounded them, and they immetiiately laid down 
their arms. Their force was one officer, one scrjeant, one corporal, and %% 
men, two of the latter killed. We had no sooner secured our prisoners than 
they attacked us with the remainder of their force, 670 in number. Our little 
army did wonders; for with sailors and marines our force was only 157. V\« 
fought them for four hours and a half, when the enemy, gave way in all 
dire<ftion8: I immediately ordered the marines to pursue them. Their breaking 
down a bridge prevented their colours and two field pieces from falling into our 
hands ; but before this was effeded the heavy fire from the marines had killed 
18 of the enemy, and wounded about is ^ and m their general attack they had 
five men killed, and nine wounded. 

It is impossible for me to speak too highly of the officers and men under my 
command. Lieutenant Wyburn of the Marines, as also 1 lieutenants Howel, 
Higginson, and Gardner, behaved with honour to themselves and credit to their 
country. Lieutenant Norman of the Navy, asaUo ^r. Lane, Mr. Iron, Mr, 
Wheatiy, Mr. 1 ravers, and Mr. Petty, distinguished themselves in a most gal- 
lant manner, at did likewise the whole of the sailors and marines. 
It affords me great satisfadion to inform jou we had not a man hurt. 

. I am, &c. jAMhS BOORDER. 

WUliam Bolton^ Etq. Captain of bis Majesty's Gun Vessel Wolverene, 

ADMIRALTY OmCE, OCT. 12. 

C^fy of a Letter from Vice Admiral Mitchell to Evan Ne^ean, Esq^ dated on hoard hh 

Majesty* e Ship the Isss, the l^th imt. 
SLR, 
I have the honour to inclose you the copy of a letter to me from Captain 
Winthrop, giving an account of his havincf captured a sloop of war and an 
armed schooner, by which their Lordships will peiceive that he acquitted him-> 
> self with his usual zeal and good condud ; and that the olEcers and men under 
lus commaod arc entitled to m) highest commendation. 

1 have the hoDov to be, &€- &c. &c A. MITCHELL, 



14a eAZtTTB LCTTER9, 

SIR, Cirett Hhtr EmSf Off. 11, 1 799. 

Being detained here by contrary winds, which deprived me of the pleasure of 
aAin^ with you in the Zuyder Zee, I proceeded to reconnoitre the port of 
Delfzel, where 1 discovered a sloop of war and a schooner lying within musquttt 
•hot of the batteries ; and conceiving it pradicable to carry them by a coup-de- 
snain, I gave the nccessarv orders for that purpose, btt the weather proving 
tempestuous nothing could be effedted until eight at night. Delfzel being distant 
«o miles from the Circe, the boats proceeded with the first of the tide, and 
arrived there just as the moon went down ; at which jtime I ordered the attack 
tobemadeby l.ieut. Maughan upon the ship, and JLicutenant Powk vp<« the 
schooner, who boarded and carried them in a most gallant manner, and I am 
happy to say without any loss, notwithstanding the enemy's guns were loaded* 
primed, and the matches lighted. The name of the ship is the Lynx, of la guns, 
eight and twelve-pounders, and 75 men ; that of the Khooner, the Perseus^ 
mounting eight four-pounders, and 40 men. 

1 he oSicers, 'seamen, and marines, employed upon this service deserve my 
warmest acknowledgments for their cool, silent, and steady conduA, to which 
our success was in a great measure owing ; and I feel great satisfadion in having 
ail opportunity to do justice to the merits of my first Lieutenant, Mr. 
Maughan, whose zeal &r the service I have often witnessed ; and also to 
Mr. Pawle, my second Lieutenant, whom I have had frequent occasion t» 
commend. 

To Lieutenant Buckle, of the Hawke cutter, and Captain May, a Naval 
Officer in the service of the Prince of Orange, who very handsomely volunteered 
their services with me on this occasion^ 1 am much indebted for their advice and 
assistance.— 1 have the honour to be, Sir, &c. &c. 

R. WINTHROP. 

riee-Admiral Mitcbtll, ^c. IsTc. 

ADMIRALTY OFPICt, OCT. 31. 

Ccfy of a I^f Iter /rem JlTr. jfamesLe SarryCcmmanJing the May Floiutr privati Ship 
of Wary to Evan Nepean, E*q. dated at Cuermey^ the i^h insl, 

SIR, 
I take the liberty to adVise you, for their Lordships* information, that I 
yesterday returned from a cruise of six moLths in the private ship of war the 
May slower, belonging to this island,, during which I captured a Spanish gun- 
boat, mounting two long brass eighteen- pounders, and 43 men ; and a Spanish 
packet, cutter rigged, mounting cij^ht guns, fours, four of which are brass, and 
four swivels, and 27 men ; the former i sent into N'iinorca, and the latter into 
Gibraltar; besides v^hich 1 also captured four merchant vessels, as per list at 
foot hereof, three of which I saw safe in port, and the fourth 1 left on the 8th 
instant in the homci^aid bcund Li&bon Fleet, under convoy of his Majesty's 
ships the Impregnable, Excellent, and the Alcmene frigate. 

1 have the honour to be, &c. &c. &c. JAMES L£ BARR. 

Tn Minorca. — The Caroline French brig, about 90 tons, from Leghorn to 
Toulon, laden with hemp, and 20 boxes, plates of tin. 

In Gibraltar. — A brig under Danish colours, from the coast of Spain, laden 
with 4^:5 pipes and 60 hogsheads of brandy. 

In 1 i)»bon. — The St. Jose Spanish Latine bark, from Rio-de-la-Plata to Bar- 
celona, with 60 tons of cocoa, 70 hides, and a few bales of cotton. 

Left on the 8th instant, with the homeward bound IJsbon Fleet, the Spanish 
schooner .Santo Christo del Grao, about 90 tons burthen, from Cadiz to La 
Gua>ra, with various kinds of merchandize. 

« 

AnMiRALTT-orricc, OCT. 23. 

Cppy of a Leiter ft am the Right Hon. Lord Brid forty X. 3, Admiral o/the WhOtt 
ISfi. to Evan ^'epecn, Esq. dated in Tor hay the tlstiMSt* 
SIR, _ 

It is with sincere satisfadion I acquaint you, that Lieutenant Jauncey, of his 
Majesty's f>hip Ithalion, is jmt arrived here from 1-lymoutb, by whom I have 
received a letter from Captain Young, stating his having captured, on the 
l6th instant, the Thcti& Spanish frigate, with much treasure and a valuabU 



OAZfiTTB LETTERS. I43 

forgo of cocoa on board ; also informing me, that another Spanish frigate, her 
consoirt, Kan no doubt been taken by the Naiad. Enclosed is a copy of Captain 
Young's letter, which I transmit for their Lordships* information. 

I haTc the honour to be, Sir, &c. &c. &c. BRIDPORT. 

Mr tO&D, His Majtityi Ship Etbalien, Plymouth Sounds OB. 21. 

I have the pleasure to inform your Lord&hip, that on the 16th instant, at three 
P. M. in latitude 44 deg. 53 min. longitude 9 deg. 53 min. West, we discovered 
three large sail on the weacher boW) evidently men of war, steering S. £. with 
alII sails set. 1 immediately tacked and stood under easy sail, with an intentioir 
to speak to the stemmost, or to follow them till day -light, with a view to ascer- 
tain their force. On a nearer approach to the above ship she made the private 
signal : concluding from that the other two ships were enemies, I made all 
possible sail in chace. At day-light I found her to be hi^ Majesty's ship Naiad, 
and another frigate in company, which I took to be the Alcmene, and two large 
frigates khead. At seven the Naiad made ray signal to pass the sternmost, and 
stand on for the headmost. At nme A. M. being within random shot of the 
sternmost, I fired a few guns in passing, which made her alter her course. At 
half past eleven the headmost ship bore up athwart us, at the distance of half 
musquet shot : by the abilities and meritorious condudb of the officers, the 
steady spirit and prompt obedience to my orders of the seamen and marines, 
with a well-dire«^ed fire of two broadsides from the £thaUon, and a runnins. 
fight of an hour, exchanging bow and stern ch|ces, the latter part within ha» 
pifitol-sfaot, I had the pleasure of seeing her haul down Spanish colours to his 
Majesty's ship under my command. She proves to be the Thetis Spanish 
frigate, of 36 guns, twelve and six-pouoders, and 250 men, commanded by Doi| 
Juande Mendoza, frem Vera Cruz, bound to any port in Spain she could fetch, 
with 1,41 1,5 1 6 dollars, and a quantity of cocoa on board. I have the additional 
satisfaikion to acquaint your Lordship, that not a single man is hurt on board 
the Ethalion. The other Spanish frigate is called the Briglda, commanded by 
Don Antonio Pillou, the same force and lading as the Thetis. The last time I 
saw the Naiad, which was juit before the ailion took place, was nearly within 
gun-shot of her, and I have no doubt of her being captured. I beg leave to 
recommend to your Lordships' notice Lieutenant Pym, the senior Omcer; the 
able assisunce 1 received from him on the quarter-deck, and his indefatigable 
exertions in shifting the wounded masts and yards on board the Thetis, do him 
the utmost credit. I cannot pass over in silence the praise due to Lieutenants 
Jauncy and Quilliam, for their great attention to the guns on the main deck, 
Bor that of Mr. Ducker the Master, and Lieutenant Peake of the Marines, for 
their aid on the quarter-deck ; the warrant and petty officers, seamen, and 
marines, also merit your Lordship's notice. 

1 have the honour to be, &c. &c. &c J AM£S YOUNG. 

Ethalion. — None killed or wounded. 
*lbetis. — One killed, and nine wounded. 
kigbt Hon. Lord 3ridf>6rt, IS^c. f^fc. tJV. 

ADMIRALTT omCE, OCT. 24. 

Copy of (uuihtr Leti£r frtm Admiral Lord Bridport to Evan NcpeoHi E^q, dat^d the 

%74 instant. 

SIK, 

Captain Digby, of his Majesty's ship Alcmcne, is just arrived here ; he came 
from Plymouth by land, charged with dispatches from Captain Pierrepoint, of 
his Majesty^s ship Naiad, stating, with other occurrences, the important capture 
of the Santa Brigida, Spanish frigate, consort of the I'hetis, Us stated in Captain 
Yottng*s letter of yesterday's date) copies of which ydu will herewith receive 
for their Lordships* information, whom i sincerely congratulate upon this for« 
tnnate event, which does so much credit to Captain Pierrepoint, and all the' 
officers, seamen, and marines of the different ships under his comnund, for the 
Jneritorious and persevering condud manifested upon this occasion. 

1 have the honour to be, &c. &c. &c BRIDPORT. 



144 .«AztTre L^TxtRs* 

I have j^rcat pleasure in being able to acquaint yon, that the thips nauncd til 
tbe margin * (which your Lurdship has done me the honour to put under m^ 
orders captured yesterday morning the Spanish frigate S nta Brigida, of 36 
guns, and having on board 3?o men, commanded oy Don Antonio WUoiu 
I'his frigate, my Lord, in company with another called the Thetis, left Vera 
Cms on the 21st of August last, and I had the good fortune to fall in with them 
both, on the evening of the i6th instant, in latitude 44 deg. i min. N. loQgi-> 
tflde I a deg. 35 min. W. at eight P. M. the Naiad then a single ship, and to 
trhichvl immediately gave chace. Before midnight 1 discovered them to be 
teasels belonging to the enemy, and was joined by the F.thalion : when the day* 
broke I was also joined by the Alcmene, when the Triton was discovered faf 
■stem still, owing to the superior sailing of the latSer ship ; after a chace which 
lasted thirty-^two hours, I set myself down as indebtea for a most valuable 
capture. The two frigates at seven A. M. perceiving themselves not in a sute 
to withstand our united force, took difTercnt routes, upon which \ made the 
Ethalton'r signals to pass the stcrumost ship of the enemy, as she at that time 
Cook the lead in point of sailing, and stand for and engage the headmost Tevel« 
%hich was obeyed with that alacrity by Captain Young, that I make no doubt 
but she has experienced a similar fate to htr companion ; but as the Santa 
Brigida made a determinate push on the southern course, a separation of course 
took place. The latter frigate of the enemy having rounded Cape Fioiaterre 
ta the morning of the i8tn instant, by hrr fast ^aihng, about five o'clock hef 
Commander ^oved so very close to the rockn of Monte Lora, that the TritoD« 
%rho was first in pursuit, (Captain Gore being regardless of every thing bnt 
closing with the enemy ;, struck upon the kaid rocks, going seven knots at the 
time , 1 fear htr damage is conriderable : however she was soon off again, and 
commmced an animated fire on the enemy, as A\A Captain Digby, with aif 
ofiicer-likc presence of mind,keeping in that dircctitm to cut off the entrance of 
Port de Mdre. At eight A. M. the three frigates closed with the enemy amidst 
the rocks of C ommarurto, at the entrance of Muros, when the colours were 
bauied down, and we found ourselves all in foul ground together. A fortonate 
breeze sprang up from the shore, and we were enabled to put the ships heads te 
the sea, and began to shift prisoners, when a Spanish squadron, consisting of fouf 
large ships, one with a broad pendant, came out of Vigo, with an intention^ 
I suppose, of rescuing the prize. This being the opinions of Captain Gore and 
Digby also, every exertion was made to secure the prisoners and get the ship# 
imdcr my command ready to receive them ; but on their perceiving my deter- 
mination, they bore up and ran into Vigo. Light and variable winds have 
kept me still in sight of the Spanish coast, which is to day one continued blaze; 
and as I was aware ol anotncr squadron of Spanish ships being in Corunna^ 
have thought it my dMty to keep altogether for the protedion of the prize^ 
which is orhnmcntte value, haying on board 1,400,000 dollarn, independent of a 
cargo of equal estimation. My compenions in chace. Captains Gore and Digby, 
make the most favourable report of tne zeal and perseverance of their respeaive 
officers and crews; and in justice to the officers and ship's company I have the 
honour to command, 1 can only say, that theur anxiety to get alongside the 
enemy's frigates, whilst ak>nc, was equal to what it was afterwards, when my 
force became stiperior ; and on that, as on all former occasions, I profited by 
the able a&sistance of J. H. Marshall, my first Lieutenant, to whom I have 
^iven charge of the prize. I inclose a list of killed and wounded on this oc6»* 
aion, either by shot or casualties. 

I have the honour to be, &c. &c. &c. W. FIERREPOIMT. 

TtHtn. — One teaman wounded* 

AUmcnt, — One seaman kiHed ; one petty officer and eight teamoi woimd«4» 
Banu Bni[ida.^^Tvro teamen killed ; eight seamen wounded. 
Stig t Mm, lard Bridfwt^ X.B. l^t. t^t. Ife. 

* Naiad, TritOD« Alcmenc 

I 



C H5 ] 

MONTHLY REGISTER 

OP 



SAGWr HOUSES. 



TtAMtLATiOM ^ tfDamsh Publication relative to Three new Lights U he placed 

sf tie Entrance of the Lund. 

Ulfl Majesty haTJilg been plsased to order, that to guide the navigation into 
and out of the Lund, two fires shall, as formerly, be kept up upon Nakk^- 
}iOTed,near £laineur ; and one light on the north east spire or tower of the 
palace or castle of Cronborg, upon the same places or in the same positions 
where lights were kept up in 177a ; be it known, 

That on the r^th April 1800, two fires will be lighted on the two towers op 
lijdckehoved, and one light on the north east spire or tower of the palace or 
castle of Cronborg. 

Those fires and light are to be regulated by the ordinances of the ^xst March 
J705, and of the xst February 1779 * >o ^^^^ ^^ summer, or from Easter tp 
^ilchaelnias, they are to be lighted one hour after suosct, and to bum till sun- 
rise i and in winter, or from Michaelmas to Ea^^er, they are to be lighted half 
an hour after sunset, and to burn till sunrise. 

It is hereby farther made known that a chart of the positions and bearings of 
the fires and light, made out in 1771, with remark! to be observed by those who 
nil into or oat of the Lund in the night tiqie, '^ pp f)c had ^ his Hiajest/'t 
Cnstom-House at the Lund for twelve stivers. 

Copenhagen. Given in the Royal West India Guiijiea Exchequer and General 
Coftom-Hottte-O^ce, the iith Jaounry x8op. 



THS I^iGBT-Hoosz rituated on the Point of l.indesneevs, in Norway, not 
being safficiently elevated, nor discernible by day, his Danish Majesty has thought 
nropcr to cause to be erecfted on the same scite a tower of ten yards, or twenty 
leet in height, painted white, upon which a fire, as formerly, will be lighted on 
the xst day of February of the present year. 

The Light-Home of Markoc, opposite to Lindesneess, has not undergone apy 
change. 

LORD NELSON. 

A superb Monument beine to be erefted in Potte, as a memorable tribute of 
gratitude to Lord Nelson, his Lordship has written the following letter to the 
aj^t at Rome, who has the condu^ of this business : 

•• DBAKSIR, " Pa/ermot Dec. t^. 

^ Sir Charles Hamilton has been so kind to communicate to me the 
distinguished honour intended to me by the inhabitants, by you, and other 

frofessors and admirers of the fine arts i|i Roine, to ered a monument, 
have not words su£5cient to express my feelings, pn hearing that my ad ions 
have contributed to preserve the works which form the bchooi of Fine Ara 
in Italy, which the modem Goths wanted to carry off and destroy. 

*• That they may always remain in the only place worthy of them— 
Rome, are and will be my most fervent .wishes, togcthes with the c on sniit 
esteem o( 

" Dear «ir, 

" BROICFS' NBLSON." 

TBti in. u 



i^6 MONTHLY KKGliTlR 

CAPTAIN HAMILTON, OF THE SURPRTZE. 

<* SIR, ** SpmiiA Toimif Jamaicm^ ^lb •/ Norn. 1797. 

'* In obedience to an order of the Honoarable Hoitseof Assembly, I beg leatv 
to indole you a copy of a Retolutioo of the Houw, whieh pasted unanimou^lf 
oil Wednesday, the 6th instant ; and permit me to assure 70a that i transmit it- 
with the greatest satiifa«3ion. 

** I have the honour to be, 

'* With much respe«S, Sir, 

** Your most obedient humble servant, 

« JAVlESl-tWiS." 
Captain Edward Hami/iom^ His Afajesty*s Ship Surpri»t. 

*< Hw** of AsiemUy^ H'tdnnday^ Sib Nov, 1799. 

** RESOLVED, NBM.CON. 

** That, as a testimony of the high sense this House entertain of the e]ctra- 
ordinary gallantry and ability displayed by Captain Edward Hamilton, in 
attacking and cutting out of Porto Cavelio his Majesty*s late ship Hermione, an. 
enterprize surpassed by none in this glorious war^ the Receiver-'Jeneral be 
dire<fled to remit to the agent the sum of three hundred guineas, for the purchase 
of a sword, to be presented to Capt^ui Hamilton. 

** OKDEKED, 

*' That the Cierk of th« House do tranmit to Captain Hamilton a copy of 
the said Resolution. 

^ By the House, 

" JAMES LE>\1S, Clerk to the Assembly." 



NAVAL PILLAR. 

The following Committee are to decide upon the merits of the several designs 
«ff(.rcd for the Naval Column, and to superintend its execution. 

Earl Spencer, fira LwrJff the AdmiraUy. 

The Right Hon. William Pitt, MaOtr rf tht Cotforatiom $/ 

Trinity Hpuse, 
Sir Andrew bNAts Hammond, C^mptrJier •fhU M*^y*t Aisvyu 
^ Sir P&TER PARKER, Bart AJmural it Hn fUtt. 

'\ he: Hon. Sasiuel Barrihotok, Gentral ^ the Marina* 

Evan Nepean, Esq. S^retary ^ the Admiralty, 

George Rosa, Em. Secretary ef the Treaemry* 

The Governor ofthe Bank of England. 

'i'he Chairman of the E%st India Compamt ; and 

Alexander Davison, Esq. TrMMr«r. 

A model uf a colossal statue two hundred and thirty feet high, executed aftet 
the school of Michael Angelo, has been made by Mr. hlaunan, and ent to ihc 
u-ca^urcr, Alexander Davison. Britannia In Divine PrtmJence triumphant, appears 




p ates, descriptive of his origi 
Hill,*' says the eminent artist, " appears to he the best situation for the Naval 
Monument, from the following Considerations : the gradation of scenery fron 
the I'hamcs rising with the fine archiieflure and porticos of this great Naval 
Hospital of the country, continued with the high ground and woods, and con- 
nc^ed by the Observatory, with such a finish would afford a sublimity of prospeA 
not to be equalled in any other place. Besides, its vicinity to and vii-ih lity in t e 
high ) arts of London and its environs, to the south and east it would mo^t 
likely be seen as <ar as the Sea. It is also to be remembered, that the Port of 
the Metropolis, is the great port of the whole kingdom ; that the Kent road it 
the ingress to l.< ndon from Europe, Asia, and Africa ; and that, as Greenwi h 
h'ill is the place from whence theto ngitude is taken, the Monununt would, 
I kc tie first Mile>sto !e m the Qitj^i Rome, be the point from whrch the world 
Wtfiild be mcasLred." 



OV MAVAL ErENTS* T47 

l^filUttftng Accimii tf ihe Capture 9/ the Pallas French Frigafty Is fahn from the 
Lag B9ok •/ tb9 Fairy Sleofi of War^ 1 6 Gims^ Captain J, S. Norton. 

"At eigAt on the fifUi of February, the Fairy and Harpy ia company, the 
Cordeliere Rock N. £. five or six miles ; at half past eleven saw a French 
fri^te ; at •m, brought her to a^ion ; at a quarter past three the enemy ceased 
finng, and made sail to the N. and £. : — refitted, and made sail after her. At a 
quarter pdtitihree set the steering sails; the enemy heaving up to the N. and W. 
\fade the Harpy*s signal, (18 guns. Captain H. Bazely) to gain the wind of her. 
At feoTf saw froni the mast-head, three strange sail; made the Signal for an 
<nemy; which repeated with a gun every five minutes, as did the Harpy. A 
quarter put four tlie enemy bore up ; twenty minuter past four made the signal 
to engage, as coming up with the enemy ; half past four, Rogadaue N. N. £. 
six, or keven miles, made the preparatory signal to rake the enemy. I'lulf past 
,/(«ri the Chace W. the Harpy W. by S. lignt breezes; at teven^ the three sail 
four or five miles before the lee beam ; wind S. S. W. half past eight, made 
the private signal to the ships to leeward, which they did not answer ; at nine 
Bpoke his Majesty's ship La Loire, and pointed out the Chace to Captain 
Kewman then a gun and an half shot on our weather quarter ; tacked in com- 
pliance with his orders. ' At ten spoke the Railleur, tacked occasionally : 
quarter past e/even. La Loire, and Railieur, firing their bow ^uns at the Chace. 
'rhe enemy tacked at half past eleven, and getting close m with the Seven 
Islands, a smart adion commenced between her, and La L oire. About twenty 
minutes before twelve, gave the enemy our broadside on passing;, which repeated 
on the other tack ; several guns firing from the batteries, tne Railleur, and 
Harpy, as wtll as La Loire, occasiondlly engaging the enemy ; who at half past 
two struck her colours, and proved to be the Pallasi a new French frigate, of 
46 guns, and 380 men, from i>t. Maloes.*' 

WRECK OF THE SCEPTRE MAN OF WAR. 

The following is a list of the Officers of the Sceptre who were either saved 
from the wreck of that ship on the 5th of November 1799, or were on shore at 
the time of the accident : 

Lieutenanu James Pengelly, Thomas Tuder Tucker, Hon. Alexander Jones, 
«nd — Pouglas, of the Marines ; John Bury, Surgeon ; J. Dredge, Puriter ; 
Lieutenant N. J. Willoughby, Invalid; R. Smart; Wm. Dredge, Invalid; 
B. W, M*Gibbon, Marines, ditto; Mr. Jas. .^haw. Master's Mate; Jami'f 
&phynz, Viidshipman; J. H.Buddie, ditto; Stephen Popham, ditto; fames 
Pettel, ditto; Chas. W. Chalmers, ditto; John Thoihpson, ditto; the Rev. 
Thomas Tringham, Chaplain ; Mr. Bosseil, Carpenter : and 109 Seamen and 
Marinec. 

The follcywing officers were unfortunately lost : 

Captain Valentine Edwards; Lieutenant IV'unn, and Lieutenant Bartlett $ 
< Kir. Edward Bones, Master; Mr. Alexander Baxter, Gunner ; Mr Robinson, 
Boatswain ; Mr. Barlow, Mr. W. Edwards, Mr. T. Giles Kilburne, and Mr. 
James Tucker, Middiipmen ; and about aSo Seamen and Marines. 

WRECK OF THE BRAZEN SLOOP. 

On the 25th of January, between three and four o'clock in the momirg, tht 
Brazen sloop of war, mounting 18 guns, commanded by Captain Hansu v, was 
in a gale of wind driven on Avc^Roch, near Ntnvhaven, and soon afterwards 
dashed to pieces, by the violence of the waves. The wreck, when it was dis* 
covered about seven in the morning, exhibited a most melancholy and distressing 
tccne. Many of the crew who had got on rafts, and on different parts of the 
ship, were seen struggling with the contending billows, but in vain, as it was at 
the time of high water, and when no aseibtance could be given them from the 
shore. The Lieutenant and Purser, who were excellent swimmers, btripped, 
and attempted to save themselves by that means ; but having swam till they 
Mrere exhausted, they sunk, and were seen no more : and it is painful to relate, 
that the whole of the crew, consisting ^f no persons, one only excepted, 
perished. At the ebbing of the tide the shore was covered with dead budics, 
srhich were picked uf and put iitto waggons sent from Newhavcn fyr iii4( 



I4S MOMTHLT mOlfTJUL 

purpose. The man who wan saved prcterred kianelf by tke belp of » trvofli) 

or !>kid, used for bunching a boait from a ship, and was drawn up the Cliff 07 a 
machine constructed for chat humane purpote He was io much ezhaattcd, 
that it was a considerable time before he recovered sufficiently to speak to bt 
understood 

The Brazen had the day before taken a prize off the hie of Wight, and teal 
her to For smnuch, under care of seven of the crew, who thereby fortunately 
escaped the dreadful and fatal disaster. 

The f(>llowing letter, dated Lnves, Feb. j, says •* The seaman whom Provi- 
dence so especially favoured in hia escape from the wreck of the Brazen sloop of 
War, a« mentioned above, io namrd Jercmah Hill. He was drafted from the 
C^rysfort frigate on boacd the ill-fatcd ship, on her laUing from Portsmouth, 
only ten days before she met the melancholy disaster. Hiii, on that night, had 
the mid-wctch, and \s as relieved about two in the morning, but did not go to 
his hammock till four. At five he was alarmed by the ctrikioc of the ship 
(but had heard no soundings called), and hastened on deck with his jacket and 
trowsers in his hand, which, on s-cing the state of the ship, he cast away, aod 
assisted in cutting the weather shrouds to release the main and mizen masta, 
which went over by the board, but without any good cffe«5t, as the ship was, 
by the violence of tlie waves, almost instantly hove on her side, and dawed t* 
pieces. He then g<t on the main-mast, and retained bis situation until a gvo* 
slide presented itself to his reach, which he embraced, and clung to it till it 
floated him on shore. The stern-post, with two of the gnns, drifted on shore on 
y ednesday ; a small part of her side was carried by the tide beyond the Eaatcm 
Pier, and the fore pan remained near the rock on which she split. The crew^ 
consisting of seamen drafted from ships that had been paid off, it is supposed did 
not po&.'-ess amongst them le^s that 50 ol. in cash and bills. Between thirty and 
forty of the dead bodies have been picked up near Newha^en, twenty-nine of 
which were buried on Saturday afternoon in a spot of ground adjoining the 
church -yard of that place. Coffins were provided for them all by order of the 
Admiralty. 

** Captain Hanson*s widow, who is far advanced in her pregnancy, bat ei« 
pressed a stioog desire to see the remains of her husband; in cooaequenee of 
which a rewaid has been offered for the recovery of his body, which is distin*: 
cttishable hy an anchor marked with gunpowder on one of his anna. 

" '1 he relatives of a youth of di»tiu<f^ion, who Was amongst the sufferers, are 
equally solicitous for a sight of his remaioi, and offer for their produ^iioii m 
reward of fifty pounds.*' 

Perismeuth, Jan, IO. This day a most melancholy accident happened here ;--« 
A boat with eighteen persons in it was overset near the White Buoy, on ita 
pissage to the Veneraole, lying at St. Helen's. Those who unfortunately 
perianed were, B. C Meredith, Lieutenant of the Marines ; Mr. Stokes, Mid- 
shipman ; ten seamen, three boys, and one woman, all belonging to the above 
ahip. Two men were happily saved. One of them preserved nimself by meant 
of a trunk belonging to an officer, who fortunately avoided sharing the fate of 
the above persons by getting out of the boat only a few minutes before it left the 
Sally Port. 

1 he two seamen saved from the Venerable*s boat, and picked op by the lau- 
dable exertions of a wherryman, being brouj^ht on shore, were immediately 
attended by Mr. Sharp, surgeon, in Broad- «:reet, who, by his perseverance; 
restored them both to society. He restored one by an emetic, and the other by 
the process prescribed by the Humane Society. 

The following is an extra A from the intercepted letter, among others^ of 
General Klebcr to the Diredory : 

'* 1 know all the importance of the possession of Fgypt. I used to tav ia 

Fuiope, that this counfky was for France tne pcint of fixture, by means of whic& 

she might move sit will the ccmxrcrcial system of every quarter of the globe | 

but to do this <ffc<i2v9lly, a powerful lever is required, and that lever is a Mavy« 

Ctrs hat exited I ^jnce that period, every thing has changed ; and peace with 

the Forte is, in my opinion, the only expedient that holds out to us a method of 



half getting rM of an entbrprize no longer captble of attaining the o1>j<A for 
which it was undertaken. 

The officera and sailors belonging to the American ships in the port of London 
on Sunday the i6th instant, paid a tribute of respect to their deceased friend 
General Washington, by attending at St. John*8 Church, Wapping, dressed in 
aaTal monnung. 



EAST-INDIA REPORT, 



ACCOUNTS from India state, that in the month of August last theTrinco. 
malee sloop of war, of i6 guns, commanded by Lieutenant John Roe, engaged m 
French frigate of 24 guns, for the space of two hours, in the Straits of Babet- 
Mandel. i'he adion was so heroically maintained on the part of the British, 
hartng laid herself close on the quarter of the enemy, that both vessels nnibrt»^ 
aately blew up, and the whole of the respe<fttve crews perished. The Trinconui* 
lee and Comet were sent from Bombay to join Commodore Blanket's squadroi^ 
and fell In with two French ships in the Persian Ouiph, of very superior force ] 
one of them was known to be the Fear!, National fri?ate, which had been so long 
cruising in the Indian Seas. The Briti^ ships, from the great superiority <» 
the enemy, we are informed, rather wished to avoid an a^ion ; bat they were 
placed ir •- ch a critical situation, the enemy having the advantage of the wind, 
that they could not possibly escape : and considering that the valuable trade 
from Bussorah was likely to suffer materially from their cruising in those pattiL 
they determined at len^ to risque an a<$lion. The Comet ene^eed the Pearl 
very warmly, and the rrincomalee the other French ship, which mounted ^4 
guns. The adion, which was desperately fought, lasud two hours, when both 
blew up. The other National vessel, seeing tne fate of her consort, made sail 
from the Comet. The cause of this lamentable disaster is not precisely accounted 
for, as everj man on board both ships perished in the explosion. .The Comet 
hoisted out her boats to afford all the assistance in her power, but nothing coul4 
be picked up but pieces of the wreck. 

Fti. 19. "Yesterday a Court of Direiftorsof the East India Company was hel4 
at the India House, when Captain Nathaniel Spens was sworn into the command 
•f the ship Neptune, bnrthen 1100 tons, consigned to China direet. 

The following Commanders attended the Court of Direfiors yesterday, and 
took their final leave, previous to their being dispatched according to their 
resptrdive destinations, viz. Captain George Stevens, of the Ceres , Captui^ 
A. F. W. Swinton, of the Lady Burgcs ; Captain Bruce Mitchell, of the Mar- 
quis WeHesIey ; Captain Robert Spottis^'ood, of the Lord Nelson ; Captain 
John Brooke Sampson, of the Earl of 2^t. Vincent ; and Captain James Ludovic 
Grant, of the Brunswick. 

The Lord Wikmgham, Captain Smales, is ordered to be at Orayesend on the. 
t5th of next month. 

The ships Buttcrworth, Henry Glasn>oole,master,390 tons ; New Kuphratei^ 
Lawrence Frazer, aSi tons; Favourite, George Kerr, 276 tons; £Uegood» 
Christopher Dickson, 327 tons ; Kingston, Thomas Dennis, %Zj tons ; were 
pcnnitied to proceed on the Southern Whale Fishery. 

The Underwriters have agreed to give Captain JameaSturrock, and crew, of 
the bhip Pursuit, five pounds per cent, on the value of the sliip and cargo, for 
their gallant defence against a French privateer of considerable force, on the 
fifth of January last. 

The expedition fitted out from Bombay, for the purpose of maintaining the 
Island of Peiim, in the Straits of Babemiandcl, has been ably condudbed by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Murray. This Position, notwithsunding its sterility, is of 
great importance from the size and excellence of its harbour. 



I^O MORTRLY RB6IITBK 

PLYMOUTH REPORT, 

FROM JANUARY 15 TO FEBRUARY *x 



Jffft. 15. Wind N. W. Cloudy. ArriTcd from a cniise the SyI|A sloop of 
%rar, Capf aln Dashwood A seaman of the Ethalion, from exceauve toy at the 
rery honourable acquittal of Captain Searle, the officers, seamen, and marines, 
of that ship, drank so much liquor, that he foil, fradiured his skull, and died 
iistantly. Vcrdid, Accidental death. Sailed for Torbay, the Neptane, 98 gvn«> 
and the Triumph, 74, Rcar-Admiral CoUingwood. jAw the Speedwell lugger* 
and Gcor^ cutter, tor (Guernsey. Went into the Sitmd,-the AkmexK, J4 guns. 
Captain Digby, and Rcnard,^ g^Mt" Captain Spicer. Orders came dowa thi» 
^y for all ships ready f . r bca to proceed for Torbay diredly. 

16. Wind K. W. Cloudy. Reports having been indusuioosly circulated 
that the French fleet were at sea with their auxiliaries the Spaniards, it seems 
■ecessary to contradid it, as the combined fleets were at anchor in Brest water 
the loch in.Ntant, and not the least appearance of their sailing at that period. 
Inciters received this day from the Fowey cutter. Lieutenant Derby, state. thaC 
she is arrived safe the 24th ult. in Crookhaveu, after striking on the Saints Rocks 
the 18th ult. and niakiag much water. She was driven into :he Bay of Blscayp 
short of provisioiisi, and leaky ; but by a fortunate shift of wiod, she bore up for 
Ireland, and got safe into Crookhaven Bay. 

17. Wind N. W. Great Fojt. La«it night there was a hot press in Catwater 
snd the Pool, when several useful hands were picked up. This morning a boat 
with armed men boatded the l^avid, just arrived from Oporto, with wioes» 
fttsrted two bntt!i, drank their fill, and took out the mate and two seamen \ 
carried them into tite Sound, and put the mate on the Red Spill buoy» and the 
two seamen ou another buof , where they remained exposed to the wash of sea 
tiU day-break, when fortunately the master of a stone barge, going down the 
bafbour for Catwater saw their distressed sitQation, sent his boat and took tfaent 
olf, almost benumbed with cold. No idea whatever has been formed who the 
nhvman villains were to be guilty of such an ad of atrocity. Went into dock, 
the Atlan, 9S guns, Captain Jones. She is much damaged in her bottom hy 
beating so violently on the reefs of St. Nicholas Island. 

xS. Wind S. £. Cloudy. Came in the Emden, from New Yoik, detained 
Vy the N'ercury frigafe. This dav were landed from the Calcutta Hast India* 
man, retaken by the Glenmore ano L'Amiable frigates off Madeira, about filtj 
Lascar »eamen« sick. Thcv are lodged in the China Honse ai as hotpitaL They 
appear to sulTer very much from the coldness of the climate. 

19. Wind S. W. Rain. Passed up this morning, with part of the New- 
fovndland fleet, the Mercnry irigate. Arrived the American brig Franklin, 
taken by the Alliance French privateer, and retaken by the Excellent, 74 guns. 

sa Wind N. Snow and Frost. Arrived the North Star from St. Michael's* 
with fruit, taken by a French privateer, and retaken by the Urania, 44 gun% 
Captain Towry. Arrived also the Hope, from Newfoundland for Poole. She 
experienced dreadful weather on her passage. Sailed the Speedwell Ivgger, and 
George cutter, with a fleet for Jersey. 

%i. Wind N. Frost and Snow. Sailed for Torbay, the Alcmene, 31 gntt% 
Captain Digby. Arrived from Bourdeaux, the Fredag, Overfodishcrd, with 
brandy; and William, Anchor, from Newfoundland. Also the Falkende, 
Christian, bound to Altona, detained and sent in by one of our cruisers. Sailed 
for St. Malocs, the Adive cartel, having on board General Defoumeanz, and 
Kveral French passengers, from Guadaloupe, sent home on parole of honour. 

u. Wind S. E. Clouds and Rain. Sailed the Sj^y, iS guns. Captain Ha^» 

on a cruise Also for l^orbay, the Megacra fire-ship^ Captain West, to jom 

Admiral Gardner's fleet there, thirty^one sail of the line, besides frigatesr 

Arrived from Kiii!;alc, the Spitfire, 24 guns, Captain Seymour, with a rich 

I 



OT ttATAt EtBNTS* I5I 

Dane, Havel Rerll, from Bataviit with spkea, &c. supposed DnuU property, 
worth xjOiOOoL There are five sail more on their passage of the same class an^ 
value. 

ag. Wind S. "Blows a Gale, with Rain. 

14. WindW. Fair, i^nivcd the Eurrdice, i4^ims Captain Talbot, and 
Havick, 1 8 guns, Captain Bartholomew, from a cruise. 

%i. Wind W. Cloudy, with Rain. Passed up the Galatea, J 6 fnnt, 
Captain Byng, with the valuable Cork convoy, for the l>owns. 'Ihis dav xhtcs 
hsndred prisoners in the French prison, mostly neutrals, entered into the divisioa 
«f oaarines at this port. Arrived the John cartel, Singleton, from St. Maloes. 
2>he carried over French prisoners of war. 

16. Wind S. W. Rain, with Clouds. Arrived the Warrior, 74 guns 
Captain 1 yler, from Torbay. Came in from Milfbrd Haven, the London 
Packet armed ship, Lieutenant Fegcn, with a convoy. Arrived two brigs witb 
wines and brandies, prizes to the Anson, 44 guns. Captain Durham, and an- 
American, recapcured by the Amethyst, 36 guns, Captain Cooke. 

27. Wind N. W. Flying Clouds, Rain. Arrived very leaky, from Beer- 
haven, Ireland, the Fowcy cutter. Lieutenant Derby. She struck on the Sainu 
Rocks the 19th ult. ; and making much water she bore away for Ireland, and got 
into Beerhaven Bay short of provisions. Arrived the Voltigcur, iS gum^ 
Captain Shortland. She experienced dreadful weather, and had one man washe4 - 
overboard. 

18. Wind S. Cloudv. Arrived the Earl St. Vincent schooner, LientcnaoC 
Smith, from Rear-%Admiral Duckworth, with dispatches, whidh were forwarded 
by express. Arrived from Torbay, the Dasher, 18 guns. Captain Tobin. 
Arrived from the coast of France, the SKeerhess, 44 guns, Captain Carden. 

29. Wind S. Cloudy. Arrived the John and Sarah cartel, from Brest, with 
twenty English prisoners ; amongst which were Mr. G. Joad, Mr. Fisher, and ' 
Mr. Hare, passengers in the Generous Planters, Captain 6niith, with a valuable 
cargo of naval stores, for Jamaica, ^he was captured the ist instant in latitude 
49 degrees, longitude 13 degrees west, by I.'Eole French privateer, of Bourdeaux, 
26 guns, and 160 men. L'Kole was to cruise for six weeks between longitude 
15 degrees to 20 degrees west, and from latitnde'5 1 degrees to 47 degrees 30 
minutes. As the Generous Planter was going into Brest the 8th im tant [ after 
beating about (or seven days), ta Bruille French corvette, of ao guns, and 170 
men, from the Isle of France, with nearly a million of specie, struck on some 
rocks, and bilged. She soon went over,partt;d, and one hundred and fhirty-twa 
of her crew were drowned ; thirty-eight of the officers and ship's company were 
saved by the exertions of Captain .smith and the people of the Generous 
Planter, who, though going into an enemy's port prisoners of war, generously 
and humanely stepped forward in the distressed situation of La Bruille and her 
ship's company to save them, though Enemies. This gallant condud struck the 
French Commandant at Brest so forcibly, as a trait of the feeling and humanity 
of Britidt seamen, that he instantly ordered the officers, passengers, and crew of 
the Generous Planter for England, with exchange. They arrived this dicy at 
above recited ; a very proper compliment to British spirit, humanity, and gene- 
rosity. 

30. Wind Variable, Fair. Came in the Nymph, of Newfoundland, fo9 
Poole, captured by the famous L'Egyptien French privateer, and recaptured by 
the Beaulieu and Amethyst frigates. Sailed the Clyde, 44 guns. Captain 
Cunningham, on a cruise. Arrived from a cruise, the Plymouth lugger, ' 8 guns. 
Lieutenant Elliot, and Voitigeur, x8 guns. Captain Shortland. .^ ailed lor 
Torbay, the Centaur, 74 guns, Captain Markham. Aipo on a cruise, La Loire, 
48 guns. Captain Newman ; La Kailleur, 18, Captain Turquand , and D;)nae 
24, Captain i ord Proby i to look for a frigate and corvette a convoy from St« 
iViabesfor Brest. The fast sailing ship corvette La Bourdelols, 24 guns, now in 
dock, is commissioned, and given to Captain Manby. She was captured by La 
Rsvolutionaise, 44 guns, Captaip i'wysdcn, after a long chace of forty-eight 
^ours. She had beat all our cruisers during the present war, and netted her 
owners at Bourdeaux one million sterling, having captured in foyr yc^r« nearly 
ane hundred and sixty prizes. 



Gam. 


Men. 


ao 


aoo 


l8 


i%o 


16 


ICO 


16 


100 



153 MOtttBtr KlClfTta 

31. wind W. N. W. Fair. Arrifed the Naiad, 38 «vfts, Caftain Mteraf* 
Irom a cruise, and the Galatea, 3^ ganst Cap tain Byng, after fiooTorinffthe 
▼aluable Cork fleet »afc to the Downs. Sailed for the Cove of Cork, thf Dic- 
tator, 64 guns. Captain J. Hardft and the Roebock, 44 gooa, Captain Bvchanan, 
with the 46th (or South Devon ) regiment of foot on board. Sailed the London 
Paetjuet, 14 guna, Lifutenant Feren, with a convoy for Swansea. Arrived the 
Havick, 18 guns, Captain Bartholomew, with the Couragneux French privateer* 
fil six guns and 44 men, her prise Also the Lavinia, from Cork* 

Fd. I. Wind W. Cloudy. Letters received here this day state, that last 
Tlimrsdav a French cntter privateer, of 1 1 guns, had captured off the port of 
Poole a brig and sloop deeply laden, and had carried them off for the coast of 
France. Letters dated December 8, 1799. fro™ ^'«'- Pnoft ?^ntT of his 
Majesty's frigate Solebav, of 31 guns, aao men. Captain Poynta (nephew of 
Bar] Spencer, first Lord of the Admiralty), from Kingston, Jamaica, mention 
the following very gallant eiploit performed by the officers and ship's company 
•i that frigate. Capuin P. understanding that four French corvettes, deeply 
hden with naval and military stores, from Rochfort for St. X>omin^, were at 
aachor off Cape Tiberoon, gallantly Fcaolved to cut them out, in which attempt 
Captain P. socceeded as completely as his most sanguine wishes could promise. 
He brought the Solebay to bear on them, and boar<Kd in all diredions with bia 
boats in Che most intrepid style ; cut their cables, and brought off the whole 
afaadions *■*• 

L*£gyptiea * - - 
A Corvette - - - 
A Brig Corvette 
A Ditto ... 

Guns • - 70 510 Men. 
Tliey arrived with the Solebay at Jamaica amidst the acclamations of thoosanda 
of spedators assembled on the occasion, and landed five hundred prisoners at 
Kingston Quay. 

a. Wind S. W. Blows a Gale. Last night the Three Brothers letter cf 
nar^e, of I a guns, from thh place for Jamaica, with a valuable cargo, in 
turning out of Catwater into the bound, missed stays, and went ashore on the 
. Cobler's Reef, where she bilged, and fell on her broadside ; her masts were cut 
away to lighten her, and the officers and crew got safe ashore on the Mount 
Batten side. This morning she was towed alongside the Vidualling-Office 
pier, by means of some Trawl boat^and now lies tuU of water. 

.9. Wind W. Moderate. This day arrived the Indeftitigable, 44 ganib 
Captain Curzoo, from a cmiie. Also from a aiiisc> the Constttntion cntier; 
and George sloop, from Waterford, with a cargo of bacon, butter, &c for this 
port. 

* 4. Wind W. Fine Day. Sailed La Renard, 18 guns. Captain Spicer, on a 
C(yi8& I. a Bourdelois, that last sailing corvette, is commissioned, and the 
cmiimand given to Captain Manby. Arrived a French privateer, La Conra- 
** ffueux, of 6 guns and 44 men, prixe to the Havick, j8 guns, Captain Bar- 
uiolomew. 

5. Wind £. S. B. Arrived from Petersburgh, with hemp and iron for the 
Dock-Yard, the Hope, Seaton. Also the Terpsichore, 31 guns, Alcmcne 33, 
anU Thames 31. Bailed the Triton, j% guns, and Venturier, 18, on a cruise. 

6. Wind E. Cloudy. Arrived the Stag, 3a guns. Captain Yorke, from a 
crniK. Also the Glenmore, 36 guns. Captain Duff, frbm Cork, Fairy 18, 
Harpy i8,Suffisantc 16, and Sunflower 14, from a cniise. Arrived the .Simon, 
with wine and brandy, prize to the Alcmcne, 36 guns. Captain Digby. Sailed 
f^r the Downs, the Shecmess, 44 guns. Captain Garden. Arrived from the 
Coast of France to refit, the An^oB, 44 guns, Captain Durham, and the Boa- 
dioea, 44, Captain Keatea. Sailed the Triton, 32 guns, Captain Gore, on 4. 
craiie. 



i - 



OP NATAL EVENTS. I^j 

^ ' • . • • ■ * _ _ 

. . 1. Wind E. S. E. Cloudy, Blows Hard. Arrived a Trawler, Harper, master. 
Ke fell in ^Ith, two leagues S. £. of the Edystone, Lu l.oire, 48 guns, Captain 
Kewmaa, and La ^.ailleur, 18, Captain Turquand. They had in company their 
pri7c, L.» Pallas, 44 guns and 350 men, taken only six hours after she left St. 
Maloes, after a well- fought close and running action uf two hours ; she is quite 
hew, her first cruise, and was hound for Brest, and from thence for the Mau- 
ritius. Harper put a pilot on board La Pallas, as she w is much disabled, Ji^r 
main-tf»p-ma.st gone over the side, standirig and running ringing and sails cut to 
ribbons, and scarcely a brace or bowline left. The wind blowing hard at 
' E. S. E. La Loire, La Pallas, and La Railleur bore away for Falnlouth. bailed 
Urania, 44 guns. Captain fowry, on a cruise. 

^ 8. Wind S. E. Blows Hird, Fair. Passed bj, with a fine wind, Admiral 
Sir A. Gardner, Bart, with twenty-two sail of thd Une, and several frigates and 
cutters. 

9. Wmd S. E. Blows Hard, Fair. Arrived the Fairy, 1% guns, six- 
pounders. Captain Horton, and the Harpy brig, 18 thirty -two pound carronades. 
Captain Bazely, both much damaged, havins; fallen in with La Pallas previous 
to her being taken by La I^oire, &c« and bustained a niost gallant a<5iion for near 
an hoHr,by which means La Loire fell in with her. In this unequal contest the 
above sloops of war were much damaged : the Fairy had four seamen kilted, 
daptaln Horton wounded, Mr. Hughes, I^urser, Wounded in the arm, and six 
seamen ; and Harpy, one killed, and three wounded. 

. lOi Wind E. S JEl. Blows Hard, Fair. Arrived the Alert cutter, with a 
Heet from the Downs j Mcrcurius, from Malaga, for Alton a; and Perseverance, 
Fotherly, from London. Arrived the Betsey cartel, from St. Maloes, where 
she had been detained three days, that she should not give any account to our 
cruisers of the sailing of La Pallas for Brest. Went out of dock, the Atlas; 
98 guns. Captain Jones; and Fisgard, 48, Captain T. B. Vartln. Went into 
dock, the Marlborough, 74 guns. Captain Sotheby, and Terrible, 74, Captain 
Wolsclcy, torc5t. 
J I. Wind E. S. E. Cloudy. 

\Z4 Wind N^ £.' Cold. Went up the harbour* the .'^nsbn, 44 guns, Captain 
Diuiiain; .Cad^e in, suk^ went up also, the Glenniore, 44 guus. Captain Duif/to 
refit. Letters from La Pallas, 4a guns. Lieutenant Raynot (Prize Comniander}," 
dated Penzance the 8th instant, state her arrival in Gwavus Lake, totally dis- 
masted. She was capttfred near the Seven Islands, between St. Maloes and 
Morlaix, after a close a^^ion of two hours. She lost sixty men killed and 
wounded. On ~the arrival of the letter to Mr. P. Symohs, broken to Captain 
Newman of La Loire, he waited oit Admiral Sir T. Paisley, who immediately 
ordered Le Vo)tigcur, 1^ guns. Captain Shoitland, with a supply of spars and 
other necessary stores to her assistance. She saiie.d this afternoon with a fair 
wind. 

1^. Wind E. N. E. Cloudy. Arrived the Jolin cartel, froni Morlaiz, which 
place she left yesterday morUiog. 

14. Wind £. N. £. Fair. Last night came in the Providence sloop, 
M*AusIand late iV aster, retaken by La Railleur, 18 guns, Captain Furquaod. 
Arrived the London, l-'slcquct amied sloop. Lieutenant Fegen, with a convoy. 
Also the Hope, of Aberdeen, with hemp and iron for the dock-yard ; the Mer« 
ciirius, Wolgash, of Altona, last from Motlaiz, where she has been detained' 
three months. 

15. Wind E. S. E. Blows Hard. 

16. Wind E. N. E. Rain. Arrived the Urania, 44 guns. Captain TcWry, withl 
the Cowley, a large French ship of 300 tons, from L'Orient to Brest, with the 
frame of a man of war in pieces, and large ship timber for the fleet at the latter 
port. Arrived from Jersey, the Sly lugger, with dispatches. Also St. Ann 
cutter, from Guernsey ; and the Reimsdyke, Fry, from Jjondon to Dcmsrar.i^- 
with a cargo, leaky. Sailed on a cruise, the Doris, 36 guns. Captain Lord 
Ranelagh \ Alcmene, 36, Captain Digby, on a cruise ; Swan and Fairy cuttcrsi 
to join Admiral Sir A, Gardaer off Brest. 



i^a MONXBLT IBGISYBK op rf/TAL ETSNtV; 

MARRTAOES. 

, C-aptxin' Seward, of the Navy, to Miss Eveleigh, daughter of Colonel Ettf« 
Irigh, of the Ropl Engtnccn. 

At Kingston, William Jdhnson, Esq. Purser of the GHadiafor, to' Mm 
Griffith)!, (faugh ter of Mr. Cfiffirh*, of the Dock yard, Portsmouth. 

CaptninT. G. Shortfand, of hit Majesty's ship Voltigcur, son of Captain 
J. Shortlbrtd, commanding the 6c« Fenciblcs at KuU, to MissE. TonKns^ 
daughter of Peter Tonkins, Es^. Alderman of rtymouth. 

Captain Wilham Foote, cff the Royai Navy, to Mis» Htlt of tfpmhuktr. 



Mi^ 



OBPTUARt. 

At Bath, Richard Otirry, Esq. a superannuated Rear-Admxral. 

Lieutenant Barley Reynolds, of the Ceros, of an apOplexy, with whTch he was 

seized whilst playing at hackgannnoYi. He was universally esteemed and 

fespeded ; apd was most honourably attended to the grave by Captaipr Nicholas, 

and all the other officers, part of the ship's company, aiid the whole of the 

■ marines of the ship he belonged to. . 

. At Kerrsirrpton Palace, in the i6^h year of bis age, Mr, C. Wynwari, late 
Midshipman in the Triton fiigatc. 

•" • A few dSyi since at Woolwich', Mr. Bartlctt, a superannuated carpenter, of the 
Royal Navy, aged 74.. Although in perfeA health, he, for some unaccoUotahfe 

•'^son,' d»n fined him!«e}f to his room for the last twenty-three years olf his life. 
He wofe nothing but a rrtornmg gown, rtever made use of fire or candle, nor 

' read[ any books. He would soffer no pierson to intrude on hi's priv'acy (except 
the relations with whom he lived), fie passed his hours in' an uniform solitary 

citato of indolcTfc*, never, by any means or contrivance, amusing his mind, ar 
diverting- his sulfeff mtsantKropy. He nevef tut his hair, or nails ; ntor shaved 

< himse)f during the whole period of bis retirennent. Hts half, from the wadt of 
tombing, was matted together,' and although it nearly reachod th* flooi-, was as 
hard as a boird ; hit naib were about one inch longer thatf his fingers, curved 
like tf parrot*! beak. The accomit given by hit friendi it^ tint abotrt twenty- 
three years sinte, he gave way to indolence ; and in conse^ttenct of his melan- 
choly ttespohdmg state, -^ras sa^ierannuated. It was obtefvc'd co'hfm, ^ 1 hat 

- Aegieding to dress and keep himself dean, wooM hinder cutkotti£fs^ from coming 
•to the shop." He answend, *' He woald not trouble tWAi • more." From 
.that time ne io6k to his room,', alid eommeoctd the sihgulaf charat^r abovt 
described. 

Moiid3y, the 1 7th ihstaifti at the Spring Garden Coffee-House; Admiral 
M'Bride. He wav made Post on June the aoth, 1765 i a Rear-Adniiral m 
.1793; a Vice-AdnMral in 1794 s and an Admiral in the last promotioD. 
^luticus Junior, in his Naval Atalantis, pays a due contpliment to tnc memory 
of this excellent Officer. '* Admiral Macbridc v^as a natiire of irciaiul» and 
entered early into the Navy. .When a Lieutenant He coAunanded on^ of hit 
MajcstyS cutters, stationed to cruise off the coast of France ; and determined on 
the daring attempt of cutting some ships out of otae of the' French harbours. 
Jh'or tills purpoaci having previously caused the oars to be tnuffled^ he with a 
choseii boat's crew aiStually rowed in, and brought out three of the ships from 
under tne ve^y muzzles of the guns of the French batteries. — ^When the Queen* 
of Denmark Was conduced from that kingdom, to a place allotted for. her 
retirement in Hanover, Captain Macbride was the Officer made choice of for 
l^at rervice. He resolutely demanded from the guns of the Castle of Elsioeur, 
(Ti'at re&pcd for the sister of his Sovereign^ whi^h the vile mathinations of her 
enemies would have withheld." — Throughout the whole of the last and {iroacnt 
war, thi<i Officer sustained a distinguish e(rchara(5ber. Admiral Macbride brought 
in a bill into the House of Commons for the relief of the widows of W arrant 
flffirers, which passed into a law ; as did also his motion for re tri^J^ing 
Captains in the Royal Navy, with resped to their holding Civil Appointmentt. 
Captain Robert Manning of the Uoyal Navy, at £zmoutb» Devon, 
At hi» house in Broad-street, St. George's in the East, Captain Joseph Jackv 
son, of the Navy. 
The i4tb, at i^ath, Captain Charles Locke, of his Majesty's ship Inspedor. 



BIOGRAPmCAl0 M^MQJM OS 

TBK RIGHT HOVQURABLK 

LORD NELSON OF THE NI]LE •, K..B. 



a 



My Son, though alone, is brave ; Os c a & is like a beam of the Sky ! Come 
ye dimghostf of my Fathers, and behold my deeds in War : I may f^ bitt I 
will be renowned ! Where the danger threatens 1 rejoice in the StPrm ! 

099IAW* 

TT would prove an essential benefit to the history of our 
own, or any other Country, and at the same time 
would form an invaluable legacy for those who come 
after us, if some official, or national institution were 
created, purposely to record the Biography of those con- 
temporaries who have distinguished themselves in their 
respeftive professions. Had the lives of great men bepn at 
z\l times recorded in or near their own times, while the^ 
means of obtaining authentic documents existed, we should 
not at this period have to regret the many instances of their 
biography being so often imperfeftly transmitted to poste-p 
rity. Although the gallant exploits, and glorious death, of 
so great a man as Sir Edward Spragge, in Charles the 
Second's reign, procured his remains interment amid the 
British heroes in Westminster Abbey ; yet neither tomb, 
aionumental inscription, nor written testimony, indicate the 
place of his birth, the family whence he arose, nor the various 
services by which he attained preferment. 

The distinguished subje^ of our present memoir, is the 
fourth son of the venerable Edward Nelson, reftor of Burn- 
ham Thorpe t> in the county of Norfolk, now living ; and 
Miss Catherine Suckling J, daughter ofthc Rev, Dr. Suckling, 
prebendary of Westminster. Horatio Nelson was born in 
tlie parsonage house of the said reftory, on the twenty^ 

. * And of Bumham Thorpe, is the county of Norfolk— Duke of Bronti ia 
Sicily, Rear-Admiral o£ the Red.^>His father's family came from HiIborcuigb» 
iff the county of Norfolk. 

f Not far from BurnboMy at a' small yillage called Cdck-TUrpe, three dlstin« 
guished charailcrs in the Navy were born, viz. Sir John Narborough, Sir 
Cloudesley ShoYcl, and Sir Christopher Minims. 

\ Grand-daughter of the late Sir Charles Turner of Warham, by his lady tht 
sister of Sir Robcjrt Walpolc. 

53pI. III. . ,. Y 



I5V BIOORAPBICAL MIH01& 

ninth day of September, 1758. The High School at Nor- 
wich enjoys tj^e hpnour of having instilled the fyst rudi- 
ments of education into kiaasfuring mind; whence he was 
afterwards removed to N9r(h Walshf^m. At an early period 
of li£a bfi, iiphibed from bis fsitber such pnncipks of religion 
and fnprality as rarely forsook him, when surrounded with 
those scenes pf vice and temp^tiqn to which youth launcjhed 
into the extensive line of naval duty are peculiarly subje£|. 
His parent also inculc;|.ted the principles of real honour^ with 
that reliance on an over^ruling Providence, which no succeed- 
ing peril has been jblc to rpmove.— The sons of Clergymen •, 
who at diiTerent periods have entered into the British Navy, 
and so conspicuously distinguished themselves in Naval 
achievements, have unceasingly displayed innumerable exam- 
f les of heroism, and been consequently advanced to the 
highest honours a grateful Country could bestow. 

On the appearance of hostilities with Spain, relative to the, 
Falkland Islands, in the year 1770, Mr. H. Nelson left the 
school at North Walshaip, and at twelve years of age was 
received on board the Raisonable, 64 guns, by his ma- 
ternal uncle Captain Maurice Suckling f. The subjeft of 

^ The mnumcnble instances that have occurred daring the latt two hundred 
fcars wp^ild exceed the UoDuts of our woHi ; it m^J lh<xafot« he lufficie^ to cit« 
the following. — Sik Francis Drake, was the son of the Reverend Mr. Drahe^ 
▼icar of Upmore.— >Sir John Bcrrt who distinguished himself in the Dutch 
wars, dudng the teign of Chairles Che Eirst, was aon of the vicar of Knoweatoa 
atvl MoUand, in PevDO|bice.-^iJV PJtTa% DcNiiza, waa the son of tha. 
Reverend Jacob Dennis. Sir Peter having died without issue on the twelfth 
of June, 1778, with the true spirit of benevolence which aduated him 
chrpugh Ufp, bt^ueath^d the suoi of z$,Qo:h after the d^ath of hia siaBcr, to tha 
corpo^at^ofi i^ xhfi Sons of the Clergy, and for the reliff of the neceftitoyji 
orphans, and widows dependent on that charitable institution. — Lord Vjs. 
COUNT Hooo, and his brother Admiral Lord Baiokojit, areaoaa of the 
late venerable redbor of Thomcombe, Devonshire. 

t 1'his gallant officer conunanded the Dretdaooght in the West ladles 
during the month of Odober, i7$7 ; when in concert with Captaio Forrcft o£ 
the i\ugusta, and Captain Langdon of the Edinburgh, they engmged off Cape 
Francois seven French Ships : three of which were of the line, with one of 50* 
two of 44, and two of 30 guns : the Dreadnoeght had thirty-nine men kille<| 
and wounded. In April, 1775, Captain Suckling succeeded Sir Hugh Balliscr 
AS Comptroller of the Kavy. the latter officer being at the same time advanced 
to a 6ag. In 1778 Captain Suckling was elcdcdmember for Pomoiouth. H« 
died in the month of July, 177S. a. 



or THE ftrOHT H^M; tOX0 MKisoir. IJ9 

ihnbitioh betWven thii Gb6rtt of London^ and Mtdtid^ be- 
ing adj wixrf j inQ tte RaisMlbft paid 6ffy our yotitig marinbr 
utas ient by hit dncre on bMrd k W%st India Ship belohgin^ 
m thtt iMMe bf Hibbert^ t^tfrti^, Imd H^^ttbnj tindiH' tKef 
care bf Mh Jobri Rathboni^ wHq had fei-meHy been m thi 
King's heiTiefe irrtb CaptaiA SucUiti^ in the Dreldnbugbt. 
Having fetimiM froib thn tojifpii Mn Nelson Was fecbinci 
by his uncle on boaitl the Triahiiph, then lying at Chathab, 

ill th^ inMnh t)f Julyv 17712. ^ 

His voyage tb thfc Wfcst Indies^ in die merchant service$ 
had ^ivbn our ^onng ihariher a pf^Aical knbwledgfe of lea^^ 
mansfaip ; hot his mihd had acquired, ^ithotit any appa-^ 
rent canke; an entii^ horror of the Rby:U Navy; Captain 
SockUng beheld with linxicty the critical sitnation of fiis 
nephew ; and was v^an convinced from the ffSntimcfnt 
wfaieh the lattfer appeared to indulge in^ j/ft tbi m&si 
bvmar^ iut fwrward tht btttir fnhn / tfaste fall too cref^ 
dahn» mind had acquired a bias utterly foreign to faij / 
real didtader* The firmhesf of Captam Sudding, asslsteil 
frith a thorough knowledge of the htimiin beaft^ prtFved jil 
this early season of life^ of intstiinible Valoe to fail mttfi* 
rieiiced de|>hdw : and though it was man^ wedcs before &is 
prejudices eonld be of drcome, or that he cduM rt c onci l c him* 
self to the s^rvibe on board a King's Ship ; they at lengthy 
howefer; yielded to the influence of good ^xam(de« and 
to those principles^ which bis worthy fkther had cftrly and 
iepeit6dly enforced. 

Gaplain SdckUng at first atfen^ted td recoTcr the eri{ghfad 
bias of bis nephew's mind, by workinlg od the taibitiori^ 
whidi in an eniiricfnt degree he possessddy of b^cbitdng a 
tbormq^ bred seaaulit : a tiisk that demanded eonsidersAde 
address, it was acc^rdihgfy held out as a reward to the aspiring 
mariner^ by his urtctey that if heatteifded well tty his dtrty^ he 
should be permitted to go in the Cutter, and decked longboat, 
which ^as atfached to the Gommaridrng Officer's Ship at 
Chatham : this operated on the mind of youn^^ Nelson as ^ii 
expeded \ and t&e consequence resulting from it was^ diac 



l63 BlOGtAPHICAt MBMOIR 

by degrees he became an excellent Pilot for vessels of diat cla!M# 
which sailed from Chatham to the Tower of London ; and 
also dowil the Swin Channel, and to the North Foreland. 
In . each subsequent trial of navigating diffidult passages) or 
dangerous coasts, he thus became gradually sensible of his 
own ability ; and created that confidence within himself which 
essentially forms and establishes the undaunted mind. 

During the month of April in the year 17 73, inconsequence 
of an application to Lord Sandwich, from the Royal Society^ 
a voyage of discovery towards the North Pole was under- 
taken by the Honourable Captain C. Phipps* afterwards Lord 
Mulgravc : its objeft was to ascertain how far navigation was 
pradicable towards the North Pole, to advance the discovery 
of a north-west passage into the South Seas, and to make such 
other astronomical observations, as might prove serviceable 
to navigation* Lord Sandwich having laid the re()uest of th« 
Royal Society before the King, the Race-Horse, and Carcase 
bomb ketches were ordered to be fitted out : the command of 
the former was given to Captain Phipps, and that of the latter 
to Captain Lutwidge *. Although instrudions were issued 
that no boys should be received on board, yet the enterprising 
mind of Horatio Nelson, rather than submit to be left behind, 
anxiously solicited to be appointed Coxswain to Captain 
Lutwidge ; who being struck with the unsubdued spirit which 
he displayed for so arduous an undertaking, was at length 
prevailed on to receive him in this capacity ; and from that 
event a friendship commenced between these two Officers 
which has continued unabated to die present day. During 
the expedition Lord Mulgrave took particular notice of the 
youthful Coxswain, and fbrmed that high opinion of his 
character, which bis subsequent cooduA has so justly merited* 
The two vessels, on the thirty-first of July, were in a most 
perilous situation off the Seven Islands t, from becoming 

• • SkefiingtoD Lntwidgc, Esq. now Vice-Admiral of the Red ; commanding 
kis Majesty's Ships and vessels in the Downs. A gallant officer, and a worthy 
man. 

•}■ A cluster of islands in the Northern Frozen Ocean, situated in lat. 80 dcg. 
§4 min. N. and long 18 deg. 48 miiU £• 



01P THE RIGHT NdH, LORD HBLSON. ]6| 

Suddenly fast amid immense fields of ice. These islands, ani 
norths-east land, witli the Frozen Sea, formed almost a bason, . 
having but about four points open for the ice to drift out at 
in case of a change of wind. The passage by which the 
Ships had come in to the westward had closed, and a strong, 
current set in to the east, by which they were carried still far- 
ther from dieir course. The labour of the whole Ship's 
company to cut away the ice proved inefFeflual i their utmost 
tSbrts for an whole day could not move the Ships above 
three hundred yards: in this dreadful state they continued. 
for near five days, during which Mr. Nelson, after much 
solicitation, obtained the command of a four-oared cutter 
laised upon, with twelve men, constru£ied for the purpose of 
exploring channels, and breaking the ice : thus did his mind 
at this early period glow with fresh energy at the sight of 
danger. 

^As a proof of that cool intrepidity which our young 
mariner possessed even amid such dreary and foreboding 
scenes, the following anecdote is preserved by an oiScer who 
was present* In these high northern latitudes, tlie nights are 
generally clear : during one of them, notwithstanding the 
extreme bitterness of the cold, young Nelson was missing ; 
every search that was instantly made in quest of him was in 
vain, and it was at length imagined he was lost : when lo i 
as the rays of the rising sun opened the distant horizon, 
to the great astonishment of his messmates, he was discerned 
at a considerable distance on the ice, armed with a single 
musket, in anxious pursuit of an immense bear. The lock 
of the musket being injured, the piece would not go o(F, and 
he had tlierefore pursued the animal in hopes of tiring him, 
and being at length able to tSeA his purpose with the butt 
end. On his return Captain Lutwidge reprimanded him for 
leaving the Ship without leave ; and in a severe tone de- 
Hianded what motive could possibly induce him to under- 
take so rash an adion : the young hero with great simplicity 
replied, " J wished]^ Sir I to get th€ skin for my Father. 



Oh th^ Mftlfh t>f August a brisk Wind M MfA-ftdifbihttt» 

wrought tlHiir dtlirer^nce frorti i6 it^fnlkMtb : fiftiKftgtl 
ihipraAieftUd to pehetfate any filfthef, Atf fttxiLtMd V6 the 
h&rbotir OfSMeef^nbferg « ; having ih the |^n>l^ei]tioft dftleiir 
V^y^l^ fdi^Hed 8t dtgft^s, jd ftiihut^, north lifitiide ; anit 
bet#d6h the htRttdes of 79 d6^es, j6 ihMiiKJ,* aftiti 8i 
de^^^es, tf avetsed 1 7 degre&s and dn hdF bf lohgttdd^ ; tfii^ 
is Mm t^o degrets cast, to 19 degrees, 30 Himttte^s eaitb 

The vessels on their arrival ih England being paid off, !h 
the month of Oflobcr, 1773, Mr. Nclsoh hearing ibif at 
Sqtk:^oh W^ fitting out for the Ea^ IntKi^, int^rM Ixk 
ihterest to ht dppoir!(ted to one 6f tire Sbip9. He long^ tt^ 
explore the tdr^id, as w^Il sis the fi-igid zorie ; atid notftlftg 
]tit than sath i ihtzM vdyage cduld Hthfy the ardour tf his 
niind, and his thirst f6r itl^ritlfnfe' kfl6w}edg6. Ht wai itk>t[ 
placed in the Sea-Horse, of 20 guns, with that ladMtltect 
yfct6rih, the rc'ff6l;tned Ciptalh ^sLtmtr f . Iri thh Shfp Mr. 
:i^'(^l$6h ^a$ statiofned to watch ih tht fore-ifCjp ; Wherice,* Hi 
ii±ty he Wis pl^ed on the Quarter Deck. 

During the period Mr. Nelson served in the Sea^HtWi, he 
ti!;ited iim&ti every part cff the East Indies ffotn Bkh^ tb 
insmA. Mis conffnued ill heilth at length ittductd Sir 
Edwit'd HdgKes, iK/ho h^d ilw^ys tnkniftttti to Mf. V^oh 
tht uitttbtt kitiineity to seftd him to £ng1aiid M the Dfilpfihilv 
0f 16r gtihi, Captain Jirrtes iPigot J. This 6fficcr''4 humiintj 
«teri<}6n was ihSttomental iri ^ivirtg the iift of st yotlthiVhd 
itt^ti^ztdk r€nderfcfd stich essentia! service tcf hH CMrdrf. 
The Doiphhi be«rg paid 6ff rft Wodl*itlt 6h the «fert«y- 
/otirth of September 1776, IWr. Nelson received, ori <b6 
t^ei^ty.^iith 6f the safnc tfroitth, ati 6rd6r from Sir James 

^ OB c}i^ Matt tff S^lttber^r ifr la^ 79 ^* 44 f"^* N; nrd* loaj;. t f Acf. 
42 min. £. — The vBrution of the compass here ha» bcea obserTcd to be i^ de^- 
53 min. ^, 

f Captaifr ^a^^r c6hitainScA tht (^ut^hhc it iffjff When hi to ^imtf 
tfn^atg^d W Frenth- frigate of superror force inwards tf three houn, until at 
length his cwn Ship took fire ( -when refusing to quit his Ship, and being despe- 
rately wounded, t*hc Qutbct fcTew up wilft i dr^aoM Hpttiiott* 

f Now a Vice-Admiral of the Red. 



OF TBf lllCfiT II91I. (.OILD Vf L80M. x(j[ 

«MU of the Worcester, ^ g^I>§, Cj^pt^^ia Mfel* Jlx?l?inwn ^s 

wljo w^ w4cr failing pf4ers fpr GiM(»r, wfth § p^ttMQjr * 

^4 kp W«s a( ^^ MTJth convoys \intil tjtif. scc^q^ ^^ AlN^ib 
»777^»W)5t of tl^c time ii> very b^ist^rous la^^lw.TT^Thftlf k 
Wf.Nflspn bad not yet ^ttviic4 liis nif^tq^tj^ y<s^r, C^tftift 
ILfbi^qo placed the (re;^st cQU^efice ip hi$ s\c.ill ^n4 pri|f 
df n<;e ; ^nd w^s pftcq l^earc} tn $;^y t;h.4t l)p ^U cqvi^Jy ^f y 

Mr. Ne^MUi passed tkeprofissaioaal otdealat Lieutenant, on 
the oigl^th of April, 1777 ; and the next day rtcetved his 
ooaun^on as socoad of the Lowestoffe, 3a guns. Captain 
William Locker f ; in this &hip be arrived at Jamaica ; 
kut finding that even a frigate was not sufficiently aiiive for 
kiaglosiringniind, hesoliokedao appointment to tbecomman4 
of a SfihQoi\er, tender to the Lpwestoffe ; and in this smali 
Yeasel eag^i^y availed bioiself of the opporrtuni^ of becoming 
a cooaplete pilot bu: all the intricate passages through the Keys 
(laiands^ tifuated on the nortb^o side of HispanioIa« During 
Mr* N«hc^'s cantuiuanoe in the Lowestoffe, as Secos^d 
Liftutenanty a circumsiaace ocf^urred ; whicb) as it strongly 
ffosaged hj$ phan^r, s^d SPnveys n^ invidions reflec* 
lioa ^n the Qftcf r t^ v/liagi it »lbid^i» df^ie.rves to he her^ 
leoordod* 

{a a stf9i|g pie of winA^ 9gii W bpa^y i^ea^ the Lqwesloffii 
^ftfivred an America kttcr of mi^rque^ TbQ Captain ordered 
tbe First Lieutsenant to. hosffi ber, wbiph be accordingly 

* C^tain Marl^ Ro))inioo yna a meritoriqut and distin^ithed officer -r 
He ltd the rear diTinon of the Fleet in Admiral Keppel*« a^ion of the twenty 
fencnlii ^ Julf, 1973..— h». A^Mr^i Qf^"^"* a*^oo of the QMi^pca^ t|ie 6ftl| 
of S^gtem^f^ ifSf, the Shrewtbu;y, which be cpinmapded, wa« the Ship that 
led into adion,and suHered more on that day, than any other in the line—four- 
teen of the crew were killed, and £fcy two wonaded ; Captain Roltiiuoa waa 

W^Pt^^-^^i fR^i^*! hialag eafly iif the atftiop : |m oe«of fcrva^ .^^^i*' 
wardt, and w^s put on ^e list of superannuated Rear-Admirals. 

f I'he present Lieutenant-Governor of Greenwich Hospital ; who possessoi 
» mi&d richly stored witli Taluahlc naval aoecdoUi and an extensive prafeasioiul 
Kliawlf44<^ 



164 tlOGKAPHlCAL MlMOIft 

mttemptedi but was not able to elFed, owing to the tremendous 
sea running. On his return to the Ship, Captain Locker ex- 
clairoedi Hav$ I then no officer who can board ihi prize f On 
hearing tliis the Master immediately ran to the gang-way in 
order to jump into the boat 5 when Lieutenant Nelson «ud- 
dcnly stopped him, saying, // is my turn now ; if I come hack^ 
it will be yours. Hence we perceive the indications of that 
intrepid spirit which no danger could ever dismay or appal ; 
and also an early propensity for deeds of hardy enterprise. 
In tlie subsequent events of his glorious life, which wo 
trust for the sake of his Country will continue many years, the 
reader will observe with pleasure, that whatever perils or 
xlifficulties Horatio Nelson bad toencounter, they only called 
forth a greater energy of mind to surmount them. 

Soon after the arrival of Rear- Admiral Sir Peter Parker at 
Jamaica, in the year 1778, he appointed Lieutenant Nelson 
third of the Bristol, his Flag Ship ; from which^ by rotation^^ 
)ie became the first ; and under Sir Peter Parker's flag in the 
Bristol concluded his services in the rank of a Lieutenant 
On the eightli of December, during the above year, he was 
appointed on that station Commander of the Badger brig ; in 
which he was soon ordered to proteA the Mosquito Shore^ 
and the Bay of Honduras, from the depredations of American 
privateers* Whilst on this service he so completely gained 
the grateful respeft of the settlers, that they unanimously 
voted him their thanks ; and sensibly expressed their regret 
when he quitted the station. Whilst Captain Nelson com* 
manded the Badger, his Majesty's Ship Glasgow, Captain 
Thomas Lloyd, came intoMontego Bay, Jamaica, where tlie 
former was at that time lying at anchor ; in about two hours 
after her arrival, the Glasgow took fire from a cask of rum 1 
by the unceasing exertions and presence of mind of Captain 
Nelson, the whole crew were saved from the flames. 

Captain Nelson obtained his Post rank on the eleventh of 
June, 1779 ; and during the nine years he had been in the 
service, had by keen observation, and incessant application to 
every part of his duty, not only become an able oflicer^ but 



OF THB KIOHT HON. LORD KCLSOff* tSS 

bad also laid the foundation of being a roost able pilot. To 
attain this was from the first his constant ambition. Nature 
had given him an uncommon quickness of perception, with a 
ready fund of resource : nor did he suffer talents of so much 
value to be bestowed in vain.-— The first Ship to which Cap* 
tain Nelson was appointed, after his advance to Post rank, 
was the Hinchinbroke. On the arrival of Count D'Estaing 
at Hispaniola, with a numerous fleet, and army, from Marti- 
nico, an attack on Jamaica was immediately expeded : in 
this critical situation of the island, Captain Nelson was en- 
trusted, both by the Admiral and General, with the command 
of the batteries at Port Royal. This was deemed, the most 
important post in Jamaica, as being the key to the naval force 
of the town of Kingston, and to the seat of government at 
Spanish Town.— During the month of January, 1780, an ex- 
pedition being resolved on for the redu£tion of Fort Juan *, 
on tlie River St. John,in the Gulph of Mexico, Captain Nelson 
was appointed to command the Naval department, and Majo^ 
Poison the military : in effeding this arduous service, Cap*. 
tain Nelson displayed his usual intrepidity : he quitted his 
Ship, and superintended the transporting of the troops in boats 
one hundred miles up a river, which none but Spaiiiaxds, 
since the time of the Buccaneers, had ever navigated. Major 
Poison bore ample testimony to General Dalling of his brave 
colleague's exertions, as well as gallantry, in this service ; who 
after storming an outpost of the enemy^ situated on an island 
in the river, construfiied batteries, and fought the Spaniards 
with their own guns : to Captain Nelson's conduct tlie prin-> 
cipal cause of our success in reducing Fort Juan was ascribed i 
ill which were found one brass mortar of five inches and an 
half, twenty pieces of brass ordnance mounted, besides swi- 
vels, ten or twelve iron ditto dismounted, with a proportion* 
able quantity of military stores. 

Frpm the extreme fatigue Captain Nelson endured on this 
expedition, his healch became visibly impaired : being soon 

* Fort Jnut, on the RWer St. John, kadt to the rich and opulent city of 
Granada, on the JLake Nicaragua. 

;iaci. Ill* z 



|66 ildOUAPrflCAL )XBl^dIlL 

•fterwkrds ftppointdL to the Janiis, 44 guns, tt JftbiJ^c*, I* 
took his passage thither in the VrSor sloop, to jbiA his SM|>; 
On his arrival, Sir Peter Parker kindly prevailed ttpoil him f* 
live at his Pcnn, whcfe Captain Nelson received every atteh- 
tion and medical assistance : but his state of health w^ i6 
rapidly declining, that he was obliged to return to Enghtid 
in hts Majesty's Ship Lion, commanded by the Honourable 
William Cornwallis ; through whose care, and attention, hi* 
life was again preserved*. 

In the month of August, 1781, Captain Nelson was ap- 
pointed to* the command of the Albemarle ; when his delicate 
Constitution underwent a severe trial, by being kept the whole 
of the ensuing winter in the North Seas. In Apt41, 1781, 
he sailed with a convoy for Newfoundland, and Quebec, 
tinder the orders of Captain Thomas Pringle : daring a 
cruise off Boston, he was chaccd by three Ships of the line, 
and the Iris frigate : as they all beat him in sailing, and went 
coming up very fast, he had no chance left, but to trust t6 
Providence, and his own experience in pilotage, by running 
his Ship amongist the shoals of -5^ George's Bank. This had 
thedesrred efFeft, as it alarmed the line of battle Ships, who 
in consequence quitted the pursuit ; the frigate, hotvcver, 
persevered in the chacc ; and at sun-set having ^proachcd 
tvithin little more than gun-shot, Captain Ndson ordered the 
snain-topsail of his little frigate to be laid to the mast f* 
when the enemy immediately tacked, and stood to rejoin her 
consorts. 

Captain Nelson sailed from Quebec, with a convoy 
to New York, in the month of Oftober 1782 ; at which 
place he joined the fleet under the command of Sir SamUel 
Hood ; and in November sailed with him to the West Indies, 
where he continued aflively employed until the Peace. 
Captain Nelson was soon afterwards ordered to England ; 

* He was elcTen weeks at Bath, after his return, bdbre he recovered tbe Me 
of his limbs. 

f In och^r words ^rimg^mg-H^ for the purpose ofgivtz^ hattle to an ipproach- 
\ng enemy. 



OF TI|B I^IGHT HO|l* LORD HBLSON. 16^7 

beii^ 44n)ftefl ia bis way to a(tend his Royal Highness 
Prince Willi^nji Henry on his visit to the Havanna. Ac 
bis arriya) i|^ England^ tt^e ^Ihemarie was paid off af Ports- 
91014th, J^|y the thirfy-Arsft} 1783.— During the autupfin of 
Ibis yeariQapt^n Nelson went to France) where he continued 
until the spring of the year 1784 1 when he was appointed to 
the command of the Boreas frigate, %i guns, and was ordcsed 
19 the Leeward Islands. 

This station opened a new scene to the officers of the British 
Nayj. The AmericanSy when Colonists, possessed almost 
the whole of the trade firom America to our West India 
Islands ; but on the return of peace, they forgot that they 
were then to be considered as having no more privileges ia 
this trade than foreigners. The governors and customf* 
house officers, however, pretended that by the Navigation 
Aft the Americans had a right to trade ; consequently all the 
West Indians favoured the same opinion, as tending so 
greatly to their interest. Captain Nelson considered the 
subjed in a different point of view ; and was not to be dis- 
mayed whilst enforcing the maritime laws of his Country, as 
the executive Officer on that station : he therefore with firm- 
ness intimated to the Governors, and Officers of his Ma- 
jesty's Customs, as well as the Americans, what he conscien- 
tiously imagined to be his duty ; and in a few days after* 
wards seized several of the American vessels that were found 
under the above predicament. This brought the odium and 
animadversion of all parties upon him ; and lie in conse- 
quence became so persecuted an officer from one island to ano* 
ther, that lie could not venture to leave his Ship. Conscious 
rcAitude, however, supported his great mind on this trying 
occasion ; and wiien ^he business came to be investigated at 
home, he had the happiness to be supported by Government* 
An ad of parliament has since confirmed the cprredness of 
Captain Nelson's proceedings ; as a Captain of a man of war is 
in duty bound to support the maritime laws of his Country 
by virtue of his admiralty-commiffion alone, without taking 
upon himself the official duty of a custom-bouse officer. 



|68 BIOG&APRICAL MBtfOIll 

From the month of July {1786) until that of June, in the 
following year. Captain Nelson continued with the command 
at the Leeward Islands ; when at length he sailed for Eng- 
land : during the preceding winter. Prince William Henry 
visited this station in the Pegasus frigate, to which his Royal 
Highness had been appointed Captain. The condoft of 
Captain Nelson, as Commanding Officer, gained him the 
esteem and friendship of the young Prince, which has since 
increased with advancing years. — In the month of March, 
1787, Captain Nelson married the truly amiable Frances 
Herbert Nesbit *, widow of Do£tor Nesbit, of the island 
of Nevis, daughter of William Herbert, Esq. Senior Judge» and 
niece to Mr. Herbert, President of that Island : the bride 
was given away by Prince William Henry. 

7 he Boreas frigate being paid off at Sheerness on the thir* 
tieth of November, 1787, Captain Nelson retired, to enjoy 
the consolation of domestic happiness, at the parsonage- 
house of Burnham Thorpe, which his father gave him for a 
place of residence : where imitating Xenophon in the ar* 
rangement of his little farm at Scillus, Captain Nelson 
passed the interval of peace, in rural occupation, and solitude. 
From the age of twelve years to the time occupied at this 
retreat, no period occurs in the life of Horatio Nelson, 
for the mind to pause ; all previous to this, and since that 
period, has been a continued succession of events arising 
from professional duties, amid a complication of peril, and un- 
precedented emergencies. He now enjoyed the opportunity of 
strengthening, by frequent refleAion, the experience he had 
obtained ; combining the various ideas which a quick, yet 
sound observation had coUcded ; and improving that know« 
ledge of himself, and of human nature, so essential to those, 
who are called on by their Country to command with firm* 
ness, and to obey without a murmur : like the celebrated 

» 

* ThU Lady had a son by her first marriage, who haa been advanced to PoK 
rank, with the coDimand of the Thalia, 36 gunt. He tcrvcd uadcr hit father* 
in-law with credit durir.g the whole of the prcfent war. 



OV THE irCHT HON. LOtD HELSOIT. fSf 

Roman * who retired into the Country to enjoy its calm 
repose. Captain Nelson might declare, that he bad been many 
years m earthy hut bad lived 9nly four for bimse^. 

In the year 179O9 during the Spanish armament occasioned 
by the clispute f relatiye to Nootka Sounds Captain Nelsoa 
left his retirement to offer his services ; hut his endeavours to 
get employed were tne^dual, — On the thirtieth of January, 
1793, a day ever to be remembered in our annals, and which 
the page of Naval history will now mark with more peculiar 
'regard, this distinguished charader again came forward to 
appear with new lustre, and to arrest the progress of anarchy. 
He was appointed to the Agamemnon t) 64 guns, in a manner 
the most grateful to those feelings, which had been hurt 
at the ineificacy of his former application ; and was soon 
placed under the orders of that great man and excellent 
officer Lord Hood; then appointed to command in the 
Mediterranean. 

The unbounded confidence which the noble Admiral alwavs 
reposed in Captain Nelson, manifests the high opinion whicii 
Lord Hood then entertained of his courage and ability to 
execute the arduous Services with which he was entrusted : if 
batteries were to be attacked ; if Ships were to be cut out of 
their harbours ; if the hazardous landing of troops was to be 
effefted, or difficult passages to be explored ; we invariably find 
Horatio Nelson foremost on each occasion, with his brave 
Officers, and his gallant Crew of the Agamemnon §• It 
was well observed in the Mediterranean at this time, that 
before Captain Nelson quitted his old Ship, he had not only 

* SiBfiLis, under Trajan. 

-f For particulars of this dispute, and the base and cruel !>ehaTioar of the Spa« 
Biards, vid. Kav. Chronicle, Vol. II. page 409. 

\ Dfiring the time Captain Nelson had the command of the Agamemnon, 
and previous to the commeucemcnt of hostilities with Spain, he put into Cadis 
to water; and on beholding the Spanish fleet, exclaimed, Thtu Ships an etr' 
t»inly the Jineit in the ^tfrld : thank Gcd I the SpoMards eannot huili men ( 

$ The greater part of the Agamemnon's crew were Mised in the n^ighb^ur* 
bood of fiurnhanob Thorpe. 



t70 tieOKAPIItQAI. M9VQ1II 

£iir]y worn her ont *» but had alio eibauKod hloairif, and hia 
Ship's company. From habits q( adivc aefvioc» bovev^r, 
his originally delicate constitution continued to support, 
f rcat fatigue ; though hit strength was visibly impaired pre* 
Tioua to Lord Hood's coining to England* 

At Toulon, and the celebrated vi dories achieved at Bastiat 
and Calri, Lord Hood bore ample testimony f to the akill, and 
imremitting exertions of Captain Nebon : during the memov 
rable siege of Bastia, be superintended the diiembarkation of 
troops and stores ; and commanded a brigade of seamen, who 
served on shore at the batteries, having Captains Hunt» 
Sericold) and BuUen under his orders ; in the execution of 
which duty» Captain Nelson gave eminent, and repeated 
proofs, both of skiU as a Commander, and of personal inv 
trepidity. 

At the siege of Calvi (July and August 1794) he also dit* 
iinguished himself in a conspicuous manner, when com^. 
manding an advanced battery of seamen on shore ; and Lord 
Hood, on that t occasion, as on every other, gave him a just 
tribute of applause. It was at this siege that Captain Nelson 
lost tiie sight of his right eye, by a shot from the enemy's bat-- 
tery striking the upper part of that which h^ commanded ^ 
and driving, with prodigious force, some particles of sand 
against his face. 

The following letter which he received^ during the $iege of 
Calvi, from Lord Hood, inclosing the resolutions of the two 

* When the Aoamiknon came into Dock to be refitted, at the begionin; 
of OAober, 1796, there was not a mast, yard, sail, nor any part of the rigging, 
but was obliged to be repaired — the whole being so cut to pieces with shot : her 
hall had long been kept together by cables served round. 

-t VoL H. paget 41, 43, 304. 

\ Lord Hood, in his official letter, Mys, " The yntuntl f herewith tnasmk 
from Captain Nelson, who had the command of the seamen, will shew the daily 
occurrcQces of the siege ; and whose unremitting zeal and exertion I caaoot 
sufficiently applaud, or that of Captain Haliowell, who took it by tomato conU 
mand in the.adv^ced batteries twenty-four hours at a time ; and I flatter my^ 
scU they, a> well as the other officers agd seamen, will have fiiii justice dose them 
by tl^e General : it is therefore unnecessary for m« to pay aswre epoa the. 
subjed." 



OV THt HlGHT RON. LOUD HBLSOIT* |^t 

• ■ 

If<>1ises ofPafKament, was highly flattering to Captain Nel- 
son's feelihgs, and shews the estimation in which his ser- 
vices were then held : 

•* sia, *• VtBofy^ ofCalnn^ Aug. 8, 179^ 

** Having received his Majesty's commands^ to communicate to the 
tYspeiftiTe Officers, Seamen, Marines* and Soldiers, tidio have beet 
employed in the difi^ent operations which have hcen stiGcessfuUy cax^ 
tied on against the enemy in Corsicay a resolution of the two Houses 
of Parliament ; which I have the honour herewith to inclose ; and 
desire you will make known to all iti the Agamemnon, and such other 
Officers and Seamen, as are with yon, and were employed at Bistia, 
the sense that is entertained of their spfrited and meritorious conduA«** 

Lord Hood having left the Mediterranean in the month of 
Dftobct, 1794; Admiral (now Lord) Hotham, onwhonlthe 
command devolved, honoured Captain Nelson with equal 
tonfiHence : he again distinguished himself in tlie actions with 
the French fleet of the thirteenth and fourteenth of March^ 
and also on the thirteenth of July, 1795* Captain Nelson 
was afterwards appointed by Admiral Hotham to co-operate 
with the Austrian General, De Vins, at Vado Bay, on the 
coast of Genoa ; in which service he continued during tlifc 
whole time Admiral Hotham retained the command, until 
the month of November ; when the latter was superseded by 
Sir Johk Jervis.— In April, 1796. the Commander in Chief 
so much approved of Captain Nelson's condufl, that he was 
dire<3ed to Wear a distinguishing pendant; and in May he was 
removed from his old and favourite Ship the Agamemkok, 
to the Captain, 74 guns ; after having buffetted the former 
about) in every kind of service, during three years and an 
half : on the eleventh of August a Capuin was appointed 
under him. 

From the month of April until Oftober, 1795, Commo- 
dore Nelson was constantly employed in the most arduous 
service, viz. the blockade ofLeghorn^ the taking of Port Fer- 
rajo, with the Island of Caprea ; and lastly in the evacua- 
tion of Bastia : whence having convoyed the troops in safety 
to Porto Fcrrajo, he joined the Admiral in St, Fiorenzo 
Bay, and proceeded with him to Gibraltar. 



I7£ BIOG&APHICAL MSMOIR 

During the month of December, 1796, Commodore Nekon 
bojsted his broad pendant on board La Minerve frigate. 
Captain George Cockburne, and was dispatched with that 
Sbip> and La Blanche, to Porto Ferrajo, to bring tlie 
Naval stores left there to Gibraltar ; which tlie fleet at that 
time much wanted. On the passage thither, in the night of 
the nineteenth of December, 1796, the Commodore fell in 
with two Spanish frigates ; he immediately attacked the Ship 
which carried the poop-light, and direfted the Blanche to 
bear down to engage the other : at forty minutes past ten at 
night, the Commodore brought his Ship to close adioni 
which continued, without intermission, until half past one ; 
when La Sabina *, of 40 guns, 28 eighteen -pounders on her 
main- deck, and 286 men, commanded by Captain Don Jacobo 
Stuart, struck to La Minerve. Captain Preston in La 
Blanche silenced the Ship he had engaged ; but could not 
cffeA possession, owing to three more Ships heaving in 
sight. 

Commodore Nelson's letter to Sir John Jervis, respeding 
the above Action, dated December the twentieth, 1796, may 
be considered as a noble example of that generous and modest 
spirit, which pervades the minds of great men : be assumes 
DO merit to himself, but gives the whole to Captain Cock- 
buriie, his Officers, and crew. 

" You are. Sir, so thoroughly acquainted with the merits of 

Captain Cockburue» that it is netdlcss for me to express them : but 
the discipline of La Minerve does the highest credit to her Captain, 
and Lieutenants, and I wish fully to express the sense I have of their 
judgment, and gallantry. Lieutenant Culverhouse, the First Lieute- 
nant, is an old officer of very distinguished merit ; Lieutenants Hardy f , 
Gage, and Noble, dt serve every praise whicli gallantry, and zeal, 
justly entitle them to ; as does every other Officer, and man in the 
Ship. 

* La Sahina had one hundred and uity-four men killed, dnd wounded : iht 
lost her mizen mast during the A&ion, with the main, and fore-mastt. La 
Xlinerve had seven killed, and thirty four wounded ; all her maits were diot 
through, and her rigging much cut. 

f 'i'his same excellent officer conmianded t] e Mvtine brig, on the first of 
August, 179S— an^ wai afterwards Captain of the Vanguard. 



OP THB RIGHT HON. LORD NELSON* I73 

^ You w31 observe. Sit, I slm sure with regret, amongst the 
Hounded, Lieutenant James Noble, who quitted the Captain to 
serve with me ; and whose merits, and repeated wounds recti vcd in 
fighting the enemies of our country, entitle him to every reward a 
grateful nation can bestow," 

On the twcnty-nindi of January, i797i Commodore Nel* 
son sailed in La Minerve, from Porto Fcrrajo, on his return 
to join Sir John Jervis ; having on board Sir Gilbert Elliot 
(now Lord Minto), late Viceroy of Corsica, with Lieutenant 
Colonel Drinkwater, and others of Sir G. Elliotts suite ; 
after reconnoitring the principal ports of the enemy in the 
Mediterranean, the Commodore arrived at Gibraltar a few 
days after the Spanish fleet had passed through the Straits 
from Cartbagena. Impatient to join Sir John Jervis, the 
Commodore remained only one day at Gibraltar ; and on the 
eleventh of February, in proceeding thence to the westward 
to the place of rendezvous, he was chased by two Spanish 
line of battle Ships, and fell in with their whole fleet off the 
mouth of the Straits. The Commodore fortunately efFefted 
his escape, and joined the Admiral off Cape St. Vincent, on 
tlie thirteenth of February ; just in thne to communicate 
intelligence relative to the force, and state of the Spanish 
fleet ; and to shift his pendant on board his former ship the 
Captain, 74 guns, Ralph W. Miller, Esq. Commander. 

Commodore Nelson had not removed from La Minerve, to 
the Captain, many minutes, when on the evening of the 
same day, the signal was thrown out for th^ British fleet to 
prepare for afiion ; the Ships were also directed to keep in 
close order during the night. 

As the Gazette Letters afford but an impcrfeft idea of the 
exploits of Commodore Nelson on this memorable day ; we 
shall, in addition to the valuable manuscript already * pub- 
lished, refer to such documents as throw considerable light 
on his brilliant achievements of the fourteenth of February. 

* Vol. II. page 500. Rtm^rJu relative to myielfin the Caftain. 
ttlOl. ill. A A 



I * 



^74- IIOGHAPHICAL MtUOtft 

An officer * who wis on board the Lively repeating frigatet 
conimaaded by Lord Viscount Garlies, has since published a 
letter to a friend, which was originally intended for a private 
circle : this gentleman had an opportunity of observing tlie 
manoeuvres of both fleets ; and by comparing his own minutes 
afterwards, with those of others, and convening with the 
principal charaders, he has been enabled to give the public, a 
most correft and interesting account of this glorious Adioni 
which is illustrated with eight plans, shewing the different 
positions of the two fleets. 

When Sir John Jenris on the fourt^nth of February had accom* 
plished hii bold intention of breaking the Enemy's Line, the Spaaish 
Admiral, who had been separated to windward with his main body, 
consisting of eighteen Ships of the line, from nine Ships that were cut 
off to leeward, af^ieared to make a movement, as if with a new to joia 
the latter. This design was completely frustrated by the timdy oppo- 
sition of Commodore Nelson, whose station in the rear of the British 
line afforded him an opportunity of observing this nmomwrre : his 
Ship, the Captain, had no sooner passed the rear of the enemy's Ships 
that were to windward, than he ordered her to wear, and stood on the 
other tack towards the enemy. • 

In executing this bold, and decisive ftfanttuvre* the Commodotc 
reached the sixth Ship from the enemy's rear, which bore the Spaaish 
Admiral's flag, the Samtissima TaiNiDAOA, of 136 guns ; aSh^ , 
of four decks, reported to be the largest in the world*^ Notwith. 
standing the inequality of force, the Conunodore instantly engaged 
this colossal opponent ; and for a considerable time had to contend 
not only with her, but with her seconds ahead and astern, each of three 
decks. While he mainUined this unequal con^t, which was viewed 
with admiration, mixed with anxiety, his friends were flying to his 
support : the enemy's attention was soon direAed to the CuUoden, 
Captain Troubridge, and in a short time after to the Blenheim, 
of 90 guns. Captain Frederick, who opportunely came to his 
assistance. 

* Lieutenant Colonel Drinkwater, who was SecreUry at War at Corsica, 
author of the Journal of the Siege of Gibrakar. Having accompanied Sir 
Gilbert Elliot on bis pamge to England 10 La Mioerre, from Porto Ferrajo to 
Cape St. Vincent, they were afterwards remoTcd into the Ltvelj ; and through 
Sir G. Elliot's particular solicitation the Frigate was allowed to wait the result 
of the Adion. This interesting DUntiv« is published bf JohntoD, St. Paal's 
Church-yard. 



OP THB tlGHT HOir« tOtD MILSOll. tjf 

The mtrepid conduft of the Commodore sti^ered the Spanish 
Admiralf who aheady appeared to waTer In pureoing his intention of 
joimng the Ships cut off by the British fleet ; when the CuUoden's 
thnely arrival, and Obtain Troubridgc's spirited support of the Com- 
modore, together with the approach of the Blenheim, followed by 
Rear*Admiral Parker, with the Prince George, Ofion, Irresistible, 
and Diadem, not fiur distant, determined the Spanish Admiral to change 
fati design altogether, and to throw out the signal for the Ships of his 
main body to haul their wind, and make sail on the larboard tack. 

Not a moment was kietin improring the advantage now apparent in 
fim>ur of the British squadron : as the Ships of Rear- Admiral Parker's 
dirision approached the enemy's Ships, in support of the Captain 
(Commodore Nelson's Ship) and her gallant seconds, the Blenheim and 
Cifloden, the cannonade became more animated and impressive. In 
this manner did Commodore Nelson engage a Spanish Three Decker, 
antil he bad neariy expended all the ammunition in his Ship ; which 
ha4nftrcd the loss of her fore-top-mast, and received such considerable 
daangc ir her saik and rigging, that she was almost rendered hors Ju 
emiat. At this critical period, the Spanish Three Decker having 
lott her mizen-mast, fell on board a Spanish two decker of 84 guns, 
that was her second : this latter Ship consequently now became the 
Commodore's opponent, and a most vigorous fire was kept up for some 
time, by both Ships, within pistol shot. 

It was now that the Commodore's Ship lost nwny men^ and that' 
the damages already sustained, through the long and arduous confl!6^ 
which ahe had maintained, appearing to render a continuance of the 
contest in the usual way precarious, or perhaps impossible. At this 
critical moment, the Commodore, from a sudden impulse, instantly 
resolved on a bold and decisive measure ; and determined, whatever 
might be the event, to attempt his opponent sword in hand :•— <he 
boarders were sumnKHied* and orders given to by his Ship on board 
the enemy. 

Fortune favours the brave ! nor 00 this occasion was she unmindful 
of her fiivourite. Ralph Willett Miller*, the Commodore's Captain, so 
judiciously dire^ed the course of his Ship, that he laid her aboard 
the starboard quarter of the Spanish eighty-four ;-*her spritsail yard 
pasung over the enemy's poop, and hooking in her mizen shrouds : 
when the word to board being given, the officers and seamen, destined 

* This nllant officer afterwards lost his life in the Theseus, under Sir 
Sydoey Smith, by the explosion of some shells on the quarter deck. He was 
10 the battle off the Nile, where he gained great honour.— Vid. Nav. Chronicle, 
V0I. II. page 5S0. 



176 BIOGRAPHICAL IIBMOIR 

for tilts perilous duty, headed by Lieutenant Berry *, together with 
the detachment of the sixty-ninth reginaent commanded by Lieu- 
tenant Pcarsont then doing duty as marines on board the Captaui* 
passed with rapidity on board the enemy's Ship ; and in a short time 
the San Nicholas was in the possession of her intrepid assailants. The 
Commodore's ardour would not permit him to remain an inaftivc- 
8pc^at( r of this scene. He was aware the attempt was hazardous ; 
and he thought his presence might animate his brave compantons» and 
contribu to the success of this bold Enterprise : he therefore, as if 
by ma^ic impulse, accompanied the party in this attack ; pasting from 
the fore chains of his own Ship» into the enemy's quarter gallery, and 
thence through the cabin to the quarter deck ; where he arrived in 
time to receive the sword f of the dying Commander, who had bceo 
mortally wounded by the boarders. 

He had not betn long employed in taking the necessary mea- 
sures to secure this hard earned conquest, when he found himself 
engaged in a more arduous, task. The Stem of the Three Dockert 
his former opponent, was placed diredlly amidships of the weather* 
beam of the prize, San Nicolas ; and, from her poop and galleries, the 
enemy sorely annoyed with musquetry the British, who had boarded 
the San Nicolas- The Commodore was not long in resolving on the 
condu(5l to be adopted upon this momentous occasion : the two 
alttrnatives that presented themselves to his unshaken mind* were to 
quit the Prize, or instantly board the Three Decker. Confident in 
the bravery of his seamen, he determined on the latter, Direding 
therefore an additional number of men to be sent from the Captain on 
board the San Nicholas, the undaunted Commodore, whom no danger 
ever appalled, headed himself the assailants in this new attack s ex- 
claiming, Westminster Abbey ! oa CLoaieus Victory! 

Success in a few minutes, and with little loss, crowned the entcrprize* 
Such indeed was the panic occasioned by his preceding coiidu6kt 
that the Britij^h no sooner appeared on the quarter-deck of their 
new opponent, than the Commandant advanced ; and asking for the 
British CoMMA^DI^G Officer, dropped on one knee, and pre- 
sented his sword ; apologising at the same time for the Spanish 
Admiral's not appearing, as he was dangerously wounded. For a 
moment Commodore Nelson could scarcely persuade himself of this 
second instance of good fortune : he therefore ordered the Spanish 
Commandant, who had the rank of a Brigadier, to assemble the 
officers on the quarter deck, and dircA means to be taken instantly for 

.i.*v^T ^^ir Edi^-ard Perry ^ Lord NcUon's Captain in the Vanguard in 
the battle off the Nile. 

,i This iword &he Commodcre afterwards f resected to the city of Norwich* 



OF THE RIGHT HON. LORD NELSON. I77 

communicating to the crew the surrender of the Ship. AU the 
Officers immediately appeared; and the Commodore had the sur- 
render of the San Josef duly confirmedj by each of them delivering 
his sword* 

The Coxswain of the Commodore's barge (John Sykes, since dead) 
had attended close by his side throughout this perilous attempt. To 
him the Commodore gave in charge the swords of the Spanish Oificerst 
as he received them ; and the undaunted Tar, as they were delivered 
to him, tucked these honourable Trophies under his arm, with all the 
coolness imaginable. It was at this moment alsot that a British sailor, 
who had long fought under the Commodore, came up in the fullness 
of his heart ; and excusing the liberty he was taking, asked to shake 
him by the hand ; to congratulate him upon seeing him safe on the 
quarter deck of a Spanish Three Decker* 

This new Conquest had scarcely submitted, and the Commodore 
returned on board the San Nicholas, when the latter Ship was disco- 
vered to be on fire in two places. At the first moment appearances 
were alarming ; but the presence of mind, and resources of the Com- 
modore and his Officers, in this emergency, soon got the fire under. 

A signal was immediately made by the Captain for boats to assist 
in disentangling her from the two prizes ; and as she was incapable of 
further service until refitted, the Commodore again hoisted his pendant 
for the moment, on board La Minerve frigate ; and in the evening 
shifted it to the Irresistible, Captain Martin ; Lut as soon as the 
Captain was refitted^ he re-hoisted his pendant on board the latter 

Ship. 

For such distinguished gallantr)' on the fourteenth of February, he 
received the insignia of the Bath, and the gold medal, from his Sove- 
reign ; and was also presented with the freedom of the city of London 
in a gold box* 

In the month of April, 1797, Sir Horatio Nelson hoisted 
bis flag, as Rear- Admiral of the Blue, and was detached to 
bring down the garrison of Porto Fcrrajo. On the twenty- 
seventh of May, he shifted his flag from the Captain, to the 
Theseus, and was appointed to the command of the inner 
squadron at the blockade of Cadiz. During this service his 
personal courage, if possible, was more conspicuous than at 
any other period of his former services. In the attack on the 
Spanish gun-boats (July the third, 1797) he was boarded ia 
his barge ; with only its usual complement of ten men, and 
the coxswain, accompanied by Captain Freemantle* 



jjH; BIOGRAPHICAL MBMOIR 

The Commander of the Spanish gun-boats, Don Miguc!* 
Tyrasoii, in a barge rowed by ttuenty-six oars^ having tbirij 
men^ including officers^ made a most desperate effort to over- 
power Sir Horatio Nelson, and his brave companions. The 
cortfliift was long, and doubtful, they fought hand to hand' 
with their swords : his faithful coxswain John Sykes was 
wounded in defending the Admiral ; and twice saved his life, 
by parrying several blows that were aimed at him, and mor- 
tally wounding his adversaries. Eighteen of the Spaniards 
being killed, the Commandant and all the rest wounded, 
the Rear-Adrairal, with his gallant barge's crew, succeeded in 
carrying this superior force. 

Sir John Jervis, in his letter to the Admiralty, dated the 
fifth of July, 1797, says, 

«< The Rcar-Admiral, who w always present in the most aiduooi 
enterprises, with the assistance of some other harges, boarded and car- 
ried two of the enemy's gun-boats, and a barge launch belonging to 
«ne of their Ships of war, with the Commandant of the ilotilhu — 
Rear. Admiral Nelson* s aSioni speak for tbemehves ; anffrme of none 
would fall very short of bis merit /** 

During the night of the fifth of July, Sir Horatio Nelson 
ordered a second bombardment of Cadis ; which produced 
considerable effeft on the town, and among the shipping. 

On the fifteenth of July he was detached, with a small 
squadron *, to make a vigorous attack on the town of Santa 
Cruz, in the Island of Teneriffe. The Rear Admiral, on 
his arrival before the town, lost no time in direAing a 
thousand men, including marines, to be prepared for landing 
from the Ships, under the direction of the brave Captain 
Troubridge t of his Majesty*8 Ship CuUoden, and Cap- 
tains Hood, Thomson, Frcemantle, Bowen, Miller, and 
Waller, who very handsomely volunteered their services. 
The boats of the Squadron were accordingly manned, and 
the landing was effeiled in the course of a dark night. The 

« Conuiting of the Theseus, Citllodcn, Zealoai, Seahorse, Emerald, Tcfps^ 
chore, and Fox cutter :— -the Leander afterwards joined. 
* Since created, for his distisgiiithid lerviccs, a Baronet* 



OP THt ftlOBT HOH. LOtD MELSON* 1 79 

party were ia full possession of the town of Santa Cruz for 
about seven hours. Finding it impradicable to storm the 
citadel, they prepared for their retreat^ which the Spaniards 
allowed them to do unmolested, agreeable to the stipulations 
made with Captain Troubridge.— Although this' enterprise 
did not succeed, his Majesty's arms acquired by the attempt a 
great degree of lustre i and as the Rear- Admiral himself hand- 
somely expresses it in his letter to Earl St. Vincent, more 
daring inin^dity never was shewn^ than by the Captains^ Officers^ 
and meny be bad the honour to command.^-^Sir Horatio Nelson 
in this attack lost his right arm by a cannon shot * ; and'no 
less than two hundreci and forty-six gallant officers, marines, 
and seamen, were killed, wounded, and drowned. ^ 

The life of Sir Horatio Nelson was providentially saved by 
Lieut. Nisbet, his son-in-law, on this disastrous night : the 
Admiral received his wound soon after the detachment had 
landed, and while they were pressing on with the usual ardour 
of British seamen : the shock caused him to fall to the 
ground, where for some minutes he was left to himself } 
until Mr. Nisbet missing him, bad the presence of mind 
to return ; when after some search in tlie dark^ he at length 
found his brave fiither*in-law weltering in his blood on tlie 
ground, with his arm shattered, and himself apparently life- 
less. Lieutenant Nisbet having immediately applied his 
neck handkerchief as a tournequet to the Admiral's arm, 
carried him on his back to the beach ; where, widi the 
assistance of some sailors, he conveyed him into one of the 
boats, and put off to the Theseus under a tremendous, 
though ill-dire^ed iire from the enemy's battery. 

The next day after the Rear- Admiral had lost his arm, he 
wrote to Lady Nelson ; and in narrating the foregoing 
transaftionp, says, ^* I know it will add much to your 
pleasure, in finding that your son Josiah, under God's pro- 
vidence, was instrumental in saving my life." 

* The tame night at ten o'clock the Admiral's arm was amputated on board 
the Theseut ; he iininediately after began hi« official letter, and finished it hf 
cleTcn. 



l8o BIOGlAPRtCAL MBMOIR 

The painful operation of amputating the arm beii^ per* 
formed on board, in the night, by some mistake in taking 
up the arterieS) the Rear-Admiral afterwards suffered the 
most excruciating pains, and was obliged to come to £ng* 
land for advice. 

It Was the thirteenth of December before the surgeons, who 
attended him, pronounced him fit for service. — On Sir Horatio 
Nelson's first appearance at Court, his Sovereign received him 
in the most gracious and tender manner ; and when, with 
deep sensibility of condolence, the King expressed his sorrow 
at the loss the noble Admiral had sustained, and at his im* 
paired state of health, which might deprive the Country of 
his futui^e services ; Sir Horatio replied with dignified em* 
phasis— ** May it please your Majesty y I can never think that a 
loss which the performance of my duty has occasioned ; emd so 
hng as 1 have afoot to stand on, I will combat for my King 
and Country /" 

Previous to the issuing of a grant, which secured to this 
gallant Officer some public remuneration for the hardships 
he had endured, a positive custom required that a memorial * 
of service should be drawn up : one more brilliant never 
met the eye of the Sovereign of a brave nation. Sir Horatio 
had a£tually been engaged against the enemy upwards of 
One Hundred and Twenty Times !— and during the 
present war had assisted at the capture of seven sail of the 
line, six frigates, four corvettes, and eleven privateers of 
different sizes ; and taken, or destroyed, near fifty sail of 
merchant vessels. 

On the nineteenth of December, 1797, the Ship that was 
intended for Sir Horatio Nelson's flag not being ready, the 
Vanguard was for this purpose commissioned. On the first 
of April, 1798, he sailed with a convoy from Spithead ; but 
at the back of the Isle of Wight, the wind coming to the west- 
ward, he was forced to return to St. Helen's. On the ninth, 
he again sailed, with a convoy to Lisbon; and on the 
twciity-ninth of April, joined Earl St, Vincent off Cadiz. 

• Vol I. page 29. 



OF THP I^I9^T Hpfl* LOUD IfELSOX. ltl 

On thetlpr^eth o£ AP"1> 4i^ i^y following, Sir Horatio 
Vpls^Q W4S detached frofa £arl St, Viacent *i with the 
YanfU^rfl f, Qrioa, and Alexander, pf 74 guns each» the 
Eiaemld and Terpsichore frigates, and La Bonne Cito^nno 
9lpQp of Wftr ; ^nd wu ^ifi^rwards joined by th? brave Cap* 
tain Troubridge of the Culloden, with ten sail of the line. 

Thfi subsequent aftioDS of this great man's life, are traced 
in mob iadelible ^buf^f^^s on the hearts of Britons, that 
ibej aee4 little from his biographer but the grateful tribute 
of nifDiration ai>d respq£i# The interesting Narrative of the 
proceedings of his Majesty's squadron under the gallant 
Admiffal, from its (trst kgving Gibraltar to the conclusion 
of the glaripos vi^ory pf the Nile, August the first, 1798, 
has boep si\xc%Ay inserted from the minutes of an officer of 
rank, who was present. To this soqic brief observations 
fbali be ^dded s with a correA detail of events subsequent t9 
that gloripus and ever-mpmorable day. 

By my hopes— 
This present Enterprise set off his head ! 
I dp not think 9 heaver gentleman, 
More a£live, valiant, qr more valiant young $ 
More daring, or mpre bold, is now alive 
To grace this latter Age with Noble Deeds ! 

SHAKESPSAR* 

The consummate Judgment, with which the plan of 
attack was immediately formed and executed by Rear-Ad- 
niiral Nelson, on an enemy's fleet moored in a compadt 

• Vol. !• page 43. 

f Lirt. of the Oiken mho serred under Retr-Admlral Sir Horatio Nelson 
in the Vanguard, at the glorious vi&ory of the NJle. 

Capiaim. Mmrhus^ 

Sir Edward Berry. Ca/^jm^— William Faddy- iiV/«./. 

Lltuteruuitu LUutenanfi.^^i. Christopher Noble. 

|. ^4ward GaUay. a Young. 

2. Nathacicl Va«8cU— ww/«iW. 3- Ivcy Hare. 

3. William Standway Parkinson. MasUr. — Wales Clod. 

4. Henry Oompton. Chaplain, — Reverend Mr. Comyn. 

5. J. Adyo^TtfcutuitJ, Purser. -Alexander bhcppard, 
(. Bladoa CapeU. Sargeon.^^MizYi^eX JefTerson. 

Adm. 5«.— ^^r. J. Campbdl^wtf «/»/*/. 



iSl tlOClAPHlCAt MIMOIt 

line of battle ; protefted in the van by a battery^ and 
flanked by four frigates, and many gun boats ; was worthy 
of the great and intrepid mind of this distinguished Oflker. 
He deservedly received the most public • and eminent praise : 
his Majesty, in the speech from the throne, styles it— Tl^ii 
grfot^ and brUUant 'victory I 

The French fleet was first discovered by Capuin Samisel 
Hood of the Zealous ; the aAion commenced at 8un*set; 
The Goliath, Captain T. Foley, and the Zealous, CapUin 
Hood, had the honour to receive the first fire of the enemy. 
The shores of the Bay of Aboukir were soon lined with 
spedators, who beheld the approach of the English, and the 
awful conflift of the hostile fleets, in $ilent astonishment. 

Sir Horatio Nelson, as Rear- Admiral of the Blue* carried 
the blue flag at the mizen \ but from a standing order of Sir 
John Jervis, the Commander in Chief, the Squadron wore 
the white, or St. George's f ensign in the adion ; and it is 
remarkable, that this occasioned the display of the C&oss» 
upon the renowned, and ancient coast of Egypt* 

A most animated fire was opened from the Vanguard, 
which Ship covered the approach of those in the rear : in a 
few minutes, every man stationed at the first six guns in the 
fore-part of the Vanguard's deck, were all down, killed or 
wounded ; and one gun in particular was repeatedly cleared X^ 
Sir Horatio Nelson was so entirely resolved to conquer, or 
to perish in the attempt, that he led into aftion, with 
six ensigns or flags, viz. red, white, and blue, flying in diffe* 
rent parts of the rigging : he could not even bear to refloA 
on the possibility of his Colours being carried awaj. by a 
random shot from the Enemy. 

According to the information we have been able to coUeA 
from the Oflicers who were present, it appears, that the Flag 
Ship of Admiral Bruyes, L'Oricnt, was certainly subdued 

• Dcbrctt's Debates, 1798, vol. vxi. pages 4, '43, 51,60, 65, 

f The St. Ccorgc's ensign is white, with a red crow \ the first quarter 

bearing the Union. 

\ One of thp Midshipmen that fell in the Vanguard, had but just remarlitd 

the escapes he had experienced ; when a sbot cane, and cut him in two. 



07 THB HSGRT.SON. LORD NB(,SON. XS3 

before the blew up'; ind vft insert this, as an important 
fwSti it .was even the opinion of aian/i that she bad pre* 
viously struck* 

The severe wound which Sir Horatio Nelson rcccivcdi 
was supposed to have proceeded from langridge shot, or a 
piece of iron : the skin of his forehead being cut with it at 
right angles, hung down over his face. Captain Berry, who 
happened to stand near, caught the Admiral in his arms* It 
was Sir Horatio's first idea, and that of every one, that he 
was shot through the head. On being carried into the cock- 
pit, where several of his gallant crew were stretched with 
dieir shattered limbs, and mangled wounds, the surgeon with 
great anxiety immediately came to attend on the Admiral* 
Noj replied the hero, / will take my turn with my brave 
followers /— l^he agony of his wound increasing, he became 
convinced that the idea he had long indulged of dying in 
battle, was now about to be accomplished. He immediately 
tiiereforc sent for his Chaplain, the Reverend Mr. Comyns, 
and begged of him to remember him to Lady Nelson ; and 
having signed a Commission appointing his friend the brave 
Hatdy, Commander of the Mutine brig, to the rank of Post 
Captain in the Vanguard, Admiraji Nelson took an affec- 
tionate leave of Captain * Louis *, who had come by his 
desire on board \ and then with the utmost composure re- 
signed himself to death. 

When the surgeon came to examine the wound, it evidently 
appeared that it was not mortal : this joyful intelligence 
quickly circulated through the Ship. As soon as the painful 
operation-of dressing was over. Admiral Nelson immediately 
sat down, and that very night wrote the celebrated official' 
letter, that appeared in the Gazette +. He came on deck just 
time enough to behold the conflagration of L'Orient. \ 

• Vol. I. page 287. — ^The anecd6te inserted at this page, Is perfcAly cone&f 
escept ID what relate^ to a boat being hdttcd out from the Vanguard. Captain 
Berry hailed the Minotaur a« she passed. 

' f Vol 1. page (3 beginniDg with ** ALMIGHTY OOD hat bleswd hh 
Majesty's arms in thf late b»ttk,by a great y'lAorj" &^ 



lt4 IIOOIAFHICAL VlttOlt 

The Bay of Aboukir was covered for a week Wi A tiM 
floating bodies of the slain, exhibiting a most painitil and 
horrid speAacie ; and though men were continually employed 
tt> tihkthem, many of the bodies^ having slipped off thelhot, 
again appeared on the surface. It was a great mercy to our 
brave countpymen, considering the exces«ive heat of the 
weather^ that some pestilentiid disorder did not take piace in 
consequence. 

Capuin Benjamin HallowelU of the Swiftsuret who had 
ever been on terms of the itiost intimate friendship with Sir 
Horatio Nelson^ finding his brother Officers eager to outvie 
each other in sending various presents to the Admiral, thtf 
had been made from the wreck of L'Orient, afiually ordered 
his carpenter to make a Coffin, solely from the wreck, both 
as to wood an|i iron* His orders were pundually obeyed ; 
and one being finished with considerable elegance frocd the 
materials of L'Orient's main-mast, it was presented to the 
Admiral with anaffedionate and polite letter \ Sir Horatio 
Nelson highly appreciated the present of his brave Officer ; 
and for some months had it placed upright in his cabin* At ^ 

length, by the tears and entreaties of an old servant, the ^ 

Admiral was prevailed on to allow its being carried below : 
when he afterwards shifted his flag to the Foudroyant, and 
in expeftation of meeting the French fleet, the Coffin waa 
carefully conveyed on board ; where it now remains, and will 
probably accompany Lord Nelson to his grave. 

The limits of our work only allow us, in the further pro- 
secution of this interesting task, to give a coireft summary of 

Lord Nelson's life subsequent to his glorious viftory of tho 

Nile. 

On the twenty-second of September, 1 798, ke arrived at Naples, 
and was received as a deliverer by their Majesties and the wh<^* 
kingdom. December the twelfth, the blockade of Malu took 
place, which has since continued without intcrmiasioa ; on the . 
twcnty.first his SidUxm Majesty, and family, embarked in tlie V»o- 

• T& I^tor w'c may fnobably tt loikie fuwre opportttlity iKf bclprt cto 

readers. 



OP THI RIGHT Itdlr. tORD VILSON* l8j 

gmrdt and were carried to P^rmoi in Sicil/. In March he arranged 
-R plan for taking the Iiiands in the Bay of Naplea» and for Bupporting 
the RoyalUts who were making head in the kingdom : this succeeded 
in every part. In May he shifted his flag to the Foudroyant, heing 
advanced to be Rear- Admiral of the Red ; and was obliged to be 
continually on his guard against the French fleet. In June and Julyy 
he went to Naples^ and^ as his Sietlian Mi^esty wks pleased to say, 
reukqmreiUi kkgdoMf and fhaeedkim ttpum hit iirau^ On the ninth 
of August Lord Nelson brought hie Sicilian Majesty back to Pakrtnoi 
having been upwards of four weeks on board the Foudroyaat. Oa 
the thirteenth} his Sicilian Majesty presented him with a sword most 
xhagniHcently ennched with diamonds, conferred on him the title of 
Duke of Bronti; and annexed to it the feud of Brbnti» supposed to be 
worth 3000I. per annum« On the arrival of the Russian Squadron at' 
Naples, Lord Nelson dire6^ed Commodore Troubridge to go with the 
Squadron, and closely blockade * Civita Vecchia ; and to offer the 
French most favourable conditions if they would evacuate Rome, and 
Civita Vecchia ; which terms' the FrCndi General Grenter complied 
withy and they Werfe signed on board the Guttoden t thus a ^dphecy 
fsade to Lord Ndson on his arrival at Nif^lea was fulfilled^ that. 

H8 SHOULD TAK£ RoUB BY Hit ShIFS* 

The life of Lord Nelson forcibly illustrates the remark, 
which he has often been heard to make, that perse VERANcfi 
in any Profession will most probably meet its reward^ without the 
influence of any contingent interest. The noble Admiral, who 
has thus attained to such high honours in his profession ; 
may justly say to thpse, who love the Service, and like him 
have its honour continually at heart — Go ! AHD t>o thou 

LIKEWISE ! 

In whatever light we consider the Chara£ter of tliis illus- 
trious Mariner, its brilliancy dazzles the eye with an endless 
variety. It shews us what diligence may accomplish, and 
what indolence has often lost ; it gives new energy to the 
desponding mind, and supplies the persevering with fresh 
hope. Yet whilst we draw such conclusion we must remark, 
that Lord Nzi.son'8 severest trial is yet to come ! 
fais present elevation has drawn upon him, the eyes of all men ) 

• A tea-port of Iljdly, ip tlie patrimony of St. Peter, where the Pope's gallici 
were spitio^ed. 



<: 



l86 BrOORAFHICAL MEMOtK 

and those of envy ever wakeful will steadily observe, whether 
the great Conqueror of the modem hydra, excels the demi- 
god of Greece, by rising superior to the delusive snares of 
Prosperity. 

Like Aristides, and his contemporary the Roman hero Cin- 
cinatusy it is to be hoped. Lord Nelson will give equal 
proofs of justice, and moderation, when elevated to the 
highest stations of honour and power, as he did in the variotis* 
vicissitudes of a perilous profession, and through the trying 
scenes of adversity. Thus tempering ambition with humility, 
and firmness with mildness, may the proud wishes of his 
country be in every respeft accomplished i 

Still rising in a Gimax, till the last. 

Surpassing all, is not to be surpassed. Granville. 

Lord Nelson^s charader, and military exploits, may be 
put on a parallel with those of Agrippa, in a few words : 
eminent merits mttended wiih remarkable modesty. Like this 
Roman, he has been viftorious in both hemispheres, and 
with the fleets of France and Spain. . Like Agrippa also. 
Lord Nelson's glory has not been confined to one element. 
He has triumphed both by sea and land. Agrippa could boast 
of the splendid trophies of the rostral crown, and the sea- 
green standard i Lord Nelson can hkewise boast of similar 
honours *• The same figure with which Virgil f has so beau- 
tifully distinguished Agrippa in bis description of a sea- 
fight, may be thus rendered and justly applied to Lord Nel- 
son in the battle of tlie Nile — 

Next with kind gales, the care of every god» 
Nelson leads on his squadron through the flood. 
A Nai'al Crown adonis the warrior's brows, 
And fierce he pours, amnl the embattled foes ! 

• Refer to Lord Nelson's arms at the end. Navali rqstraia eeruta. The 
Naval Crown bestowed by the ancients, on such as had signalized their 
valour, in an engagement at sea, was Mt round with fignnEslike the beaks of 
Ships. The Roman Admirals after their death, had their sepulchres orn^i- 
mcntcd with sculptured ro&tral crowns, and festoons of sea-weeds, 
f Parte alia ventis, et Diis Agrippa SecundiS| 
' Arduus, agmen agcns ; cui, belli insigne superbum, 
Tcmpora navali fulgent rostrata <orona« J£n. Ub. viii. L 68i* 



or THE RIGHT HOK. LORD NliLSOK. ' l%7 

The noble Admirars humanity in private life has been loiig 
felt by the poor of Burnham Thorpe, and its vicinity. HU 
itrtn and steady attachrceiit to his friends has been no less con- 
spicuous than his benevolence and -bounty to the poor, so 
far as he possessed the means of rendering service. Lord 
Kelson's charader in the humble and private walks of life, 
like that of his professional one, will excite equal admi- 
ration : as Delany said of Swift, •* They will both bear to be 
rtcomidered^ and re-examined with ths utmost attention ; and will 
always discover new beauties and sxcellcncies^ upon every examinam 
tion. They will bear to be considered as the Sum \ in which the 
brightness will bid^ the blemishes ;. — and whenever petulance^ igno* 
jrance^ pride, malice^ malignity^ $r envy interpose to cloud or sully his 
Fame, I will take upon me to pronounce, that THE ECLIPSE 
WILL NOT LAST LONG." 



PRESENTS to Lord NfiLio»yor hit Services in the Mediterranean, 
between Odober the First, 1 798, aud OQober the First, 1 799. 

From his King, and Country, a Peerage of Great Britain, and the 

Goid Medat 
From the Parliament of Great Britain, for his own life, and two next ^. 

liein, fer ftusiim* - -.- - - - - -•- iocx>. 

From^the Parliament of Ireland, not ezadly known^ hut supposed 

to be the same as given Earl St. Vincent, and Lord Duncan, per 

anattm, ,.---•---*--- xooo 

From the East India Company, ....... icpoo 

From the Turkey Company, a piece of plate of great value. 

From Alexander Davidson, Esq. a Gold Medal. 

From the City of London, a Sword of great value. 

, to the Captains who served under his orders 
in the battle of the Nile, a Sword. 

From the Grand Signior, a Diamond Aigrette, or Plume of Triumph, 

valued at . - - - - - - - i03o 

From the same, a rich pelice, valued at • - • 1000 

From the Grand Signior's Mother, a Rose, set with diamonds, 

valued at ...... 1000 

From the Emperor of Russia, a Box, set with diamonds, and a most 
elegant letter, value - . • • - 3503 



^SS BlOG&APUlCAi. MEMOU OF LOJID HEMOff* 

From the Kip^ of the Two Sicilic8» a Sword richly onuuncnttd with £. 

diunonds, and a most elegant and kind letter, • - 50C9 

Also the Dukedom of Bronti, with an estate, supposed, per annmn, - 3000 
From the King of Sardiaia, a Box set with diamonds, and a most 
elegant letter, • . , • ... laoo 

from the Island of Zante^ a Gold Headed Sword and Cane» as ao acknowledg- 
ment, that had it not been' for the battle of the Nile, they could not kaTC 
been liberated from French cruelty. 

From the City of F^rmo, a. Gold Box and Chain, brought on a 6ilper Waiter, 
AUo the Freedom of the City of PalenuQ, which coastitotet him a Grandee 
of Spain. 

The fam3y of Nelson has been long resident in the county of Nor- 
folk. His Lordship's grandfather was re£lor of Hilboreugh in that 
coontyi of which living the NehoBS for many years have been, and 
ftill ZTCf the patrons. Hia father it the Reverend Edmund Ndsoo* 
Redorof Bumham Thorpe, and married May iif 17499 Catherine, 
daughter of Maurice Suckling, D. D. Re^ior of Bareham in 6uifolk» 
Woodton in Norfolk, and one of the Prebendaries of Westminster, 
by whom (who died December 24, 1767) he had issue eight sons and 
three daughters ; — three sons and two daughters are now living. 

1. Maurice, bom May a4» 1753 ; ia the Navy OfSce ; married 
and no issue. 

2. WiUiam, in holy orders, Re£lor of Hilborough ; born April 20, 
1757; married in November 1786, Sarah, daughter of the Reverend 
Henry Yonge, of Great Tofrington, in Devonshire, cousin to the 
Right Reverend Philip Yonge (late Bishop of Norwich), and has issue 
a son and daughter — 'Charlotte Mary, boru September fo, 17S7 ; 
Horatio, born 06h4>er 26, 1788* 

3. Horatio, the present Peer, bom September 19, 1758 ; mam'ed 
March ri, 1787, Frances Herbert (descended from the Herberts, 
Earls of Pembroke and Montgomery), daughter and coheir of WtHiEm 
Woodward, Esq. Senior Judge of the Island of Nevis, and rcliA of 
Josiah Nisbet, M. D* of Nevis aforesaid, by whom she had issue 
Josiah, a Captain in the Royal Navy. By Lord Nelson no issue. 

The two daughters are both married, and have issue. 

His Lordship is related to the noble families of Walpole, Chol- 
mondcley, and Townshend, his mother being the grand daughter of 
Sir Charles Turner, Bart, of Warhani, in the county of Norfolk, and 
of Mary, daughter of Robert Walpole, Esq. of Houghton, and sis:ter 
to Sir Robert Walpole, first Earl of Orford, and to Horatio first Lord 
Walpole of Wolterton» whose neiLt sister Dorothy was married to 
Chades, second Viscount Townshend. His mater ual ancestors, the 
Sucklings, have been seated at Woodton/ in Norfolk, near three 
centuries* 



[ 



W»vl* ilA* 



W W 



\" \„r ^ 1 




LORD N&LSOn's AftMS. X89 

Aaits.] The arms first granted to Lord Nelson, were» Or, a cross flory sable» 
u bend gulea surmounted by another engrailed of the field, charged with thred 
bombs fired proper. 

And for the crest, a wreath of the colours, the stem of a Spanish man of wai^ 
proper, thereon inscribed, ** San Josef." 

Supporters.] On the dexter a sailor, armed with a cutlass and a pair of 
pistols in his belt proper, the exterior hand supporting a staff, thereon hoisted a 
Commodore's flag Gules. On the sinister a lion rampant reguardant proper, in 
his mouth a broken flag-stafif, therefrom flowing a Spanish flag, Of and Oules. 

AUOlilKNTATXON*. 

Arms.] A chief undulated argent, thereon waves of the sea, from which » 
palm tree issuant between a disabled Ship on the dexter, and a ruipous battery 
on the sinister, all proper. 

Crist.] On a Naval Crown Or, the Chelcngk, or plume of triumph^ pre> 
sented to him by the Grand Signior, with the motto, '* Palmam qui meruit ferat.'* 

Supporters.] In the left hand f^ the Sailor a palm branch, and another in 
the paw of the lion, both proper, with the addition of a tri-coloured flag and 
staff in the mouth of the latter. 

Erratum, page 168, line i%jfor Herbert, read Woollward. 

H, B. Some interesting Extracts from I^ctters to a Friend, illustrative of 
Lord Nelson's charaAer, with Fae SimiUs of his hand-writing, previous and 
sabteqoent to the loss of his right arm> will be given in our next number. 



EXPLANATION 

0» 

THE ANNEXED EMBLEMATIC NAVAI. PLATE. 

ON dircfting our eye to the centre of the engraving, we see a 
naked arm represented (the left) , holding a torch with a scroll 
containing the following motto, yen'h vicfh 'vic't +. This arm is united 
to the St. George's flag, under which the hero of the Nile fought. 
An escutcheon is next introduced, with the cypher H. N. crowned 
and entwined with laurel, surrounded with the motto, Digne vengeur 
del Rois \, The trumpet of fame is placed above, the whole resting 
upon a cloud> and supported between two naval and military trophies. 

This assemblage is emblematic of Rear-Admii-al Sir Horatio Nelson, 
his squadron, and the glory they acquired in th& battle of the Nile. 

Two boats appear underneath, one having the device of Vi'vat 
Nelson y, illuminated with a brilliant star named the first of August. 

On board this vessel is represented a Jierce lion rampant^ holdlfig In 
his left paw a ttident, which he plunges into the heart of a detestable 
monster, called the tri - coloured bas'dish ; who makes a vain resistance on 

* The above augmentation was granted by Royal Sign Manual, dated the 
fifteenth of November, 1798, and the motto was ch'^sen by his Majesty. 

f I came, I saw, I conquered* \ Worthy Avenger of Xongt. 

I Long live Nelson^ 

Vet HI* C C 



190 IMBLBMATIC NrATAI. EMGRAVIKG, 

board of the other veaady beiug at the same time struck with the forked 
lightning, darted from the potent arm above : this causes a dreadful 
explosion^ whence a black vapour arises as the vessel is ia the tuQL 
of sinking, displaying these wordS} Vain Vigilance. 

The whole of this is emblematic on the one part of the glorious 
vi^ry on the first of Augusts combined with the vabur^ a^vity* 
and skill of the Admiral» and the Commanders and brave Crew of the 
resped^ive Ships of his squadron. On the other part it denotes the 
complete defeat of the French squad ron, in a position imagined to have 
been impregnable. 

The river opening to the sea, by two branches, represents the mouths 
of the Nile> which form an island of the triangular figure of the fourth 
letter of the Greek alphabet, and thence called by the sanK name, Delia : 
which is described as covered with a crocodile. The contiguous shore 
appears planted with palm trees and other produ^ions peculiar to 
Egypt, and marks the place where the memorable battle was fought. 

The cannon, mortars, and .other warlike instruments, scattered 
on the coast, represent the French batteries that flanked the French 
squadron, and which were destroyed by the British* 

The asserriblage of military and orchestra musical instruments, 
represented at the bottom of the picture, mark the universal joy which 
this vidory diffused over the world, having the popular songs of God 
save the King and Rule Briiannia annexed. 

On the right appear two ohfuisf ornamented with hieroglyphics 
and wreatos with devices, raised on the same base, on which there ia 
represented in ^ajjo-reiuvo a distant view of Alexandria* These two 
obelisks rising from the same pedestal support a glohe with the ancient 
hemisphere. Under the globe^ and between the points of the two 
obelisks, there is represented the head of an borset the emblem of 
Europe ; there is also on one obelisk the /irn, and on the other an 
htlmeti sbieUi and buckler ; the inscription applicable to the whole is 
in these words. Slue sole nihil *. 

Below the horse is represented a camelj the emblem of Asia, placed 
between a vase of perfumes and a rose, with this inscription. Bene olet +. 

Underneath is represented a lion^ the emblem of Africa, with the iiv- 
scripiion-^r-^/a///^ of the Nile under a naked arm (the left) darting an 
arrow, having the motto Non eget arcu J, is a bundle composed of a 
bow, quiver, and arrow, placed upright, with the device Celeritas f. 

On the left are represented two columns, the pillars of Hercules, 
ornamented with wreatlis ; on the summit of one is a rock with cannon, 
ilenoting Afons Calpe or Gibraltar^ on the other a monkey, denoting 
Mons Abyla on the opposite coast of Africa : they are placed on th« 

* Without the uiin nothing flonrishet. f '* smefli sweetly. 

I 'I he bow !«: r.ot requisite. § Celerity. • 



EMBLEMATIC NA7AL BNGRAYING. I9I 

same pedestal which represents in basso relievo Gibraltar supporting 
the new hemisphere.- Between the columns above is represented^ i6t« 
An eagle, the emblem of the empire of Germany, astonished at what 
passes without its aid. ad. The lyre of Apollo, emblem of the French 
monarchy, entwined with laurels, having this device, Laurus uhique 
€t plus ultrfit semper *vivet *• 3d, A large reptile, emblem of America, 
looking on between the two < columns of Hercules, with admiration at 
the fame of Nelson, inspired with the same sentiments in this respedl, 
t^hich the other three quarters of the world are supposed to express, 
and as represented between the pyramids already explained. 

The two groups below, representing the attributes of Neptune 
and Mercury, are emblematical of Navigation and Commerce, and 
point out the Mediterranean naturally situated at the spots which 
Gibraltar and Alexandria occupy as principal subjeds in the scene. 

TTie reader, by carrying his eye to the centre of the piAurc 
above the arm and flag, will observe represented two hands united in 
friendship, radiated, and placed under an antique crown on a cushion, 
between two palms and two leopards which defend them, with this 
inscription, Fortuna coronat fidan •. This is symbolic of the good 
feith which reigns between Great Britain and her Imperial Allies. 

It is to be remarked, that the figures have their eyes direded on the 
principal objeft of the allegory : all their motions are denoted in a 
maimer that marks and honours the loss Lord Nelson has received. 

The border of this emblematic drawing is* ornamented with shields, 
entwined wi*h laurels, and containing the names of the Ships and 
Captains in the order of the line of battle. The prescribed order of 
battle begins on the left with the CuUoden, frc.— over which line 
there is a shield, pamed ist August, containing a star, and a sword» 
with the inscriptions, Stella maris for marine star, and Giheonis gla^ 
Jium^ the sword of Gibcon ; alluding to the scriptural passage, «* And 
they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge OF THB swoRD, 
and all the souls that were therdn he utterly destroyed.'* The two pen- 
dants that crown the whole denote the two Ships that led into aftion 
on the memorable first of August, 1 798, viz. the Goliath, Captain 
Foley, and the Zealous, Captain Hood. The Mutinc brig is the last ; 
in the shield Mercury's caduceus, or rod, is represented eciblematic 
of this vessel being the only one allotted for dispatch. 

Lord Nelson's arms are put in this plate at the bottopi. See 
description, page 189.— The portrait (which has also the arms) is 
taken from the only painting in this country, that represenU Lor4 
Nelson's additional honours, vi?., the plume of triumph-p-the patent of 
the dukedom of Bronti, &c. as worn at foreign Courts. 

• The laurel everywhere continuct green. The words *# ^/«r* ir/irtf slludQ 
larcasUcaUy to the motto round the pillars of Hcrcia«s o» the Spwiiih doll^ri, 
^9, t Fprtuna crowns fidelity. 



t »9* ] 

NAVAL ANECDOTES, 
COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &c, 

MAMTtf IN CDKOITE TAiTo! 



JSO. XII. 

LORD NELSON. 



THE following letter was written by the venerable father of Lord 
Nelson f to the Rev. B. Allot, in answer to that gentleman's 
congratulations on the ever-memorable victory of the Nile : 

*« My great and good Son west into the world without fortunet but 
with a heart replete with every moral and religious virtue. These 
have been his compass to steer, by ; and it has pleased God to be his 
shield in the day of battle* and to give success to his wisies to be of 
service to his Country. His Country seems sensible of his services ; 
but should he ever meet with ingratitude, his scars will cry out, and 
pkad his cause— -for, at the fiege of Bastia, he lost an eye; at Tenc- 
T fFe,an arm : on the memorable fourteenth 0/ February, he received a 
severe blow on his body, which he still feels ; and now a wound on the 
head. After all this, you will believe his bloom of countenance must 
be faded ; but the spirit beareth np yet as vigorous as ever. On the 
twenty ninth of September he completed his fortieth year ; cheerful, 
generous, and good ; feating no evil, because he has done none : an 
honour to my grey hairs, which, with every matk of old age, creep hst 
upon me.** 

The following curious letter from Lachavardiere, the French Consul 
at Palermo, gl\ es a circumstantial account, in the French style, of 
Lord Nelpon's engagement in the Mediterranean. It is highly ani. 
ir.ated, but much tindlured with national partiality. 

At length, my friend, I am arrived at the place of my destioation. 
I will not give you an account of my adventures during my journey ; 
they would be too long. It is sufficient to tell you, that I was taken 
by an English pnvateer, axul that my brother-in-law and I escaped by 
a f^ratfgem. We embarked again, but were obliged to put into the 
Island of Elbe, for fear of the barbarians, who had a flotilla in those 
seas, and who, if they had not taken, would at least have boarded 
and plundered us, and have laid us under the necessity of performing 
<}uarantine« * '* 



\ ■ 



VAYAL AVECDOTES. T93 

After being obliged to change my Ship three times^ I arrived m 
Naples in a small felucca» which was frequently near being lost in a 
tempest 

The moment of my arrival was not the most fortunate of my 
▼oyage— the French name is heard here with horror. The King is 
wmiog 80)Ooo men. The Cabinet either refuses to answer, or answers 
with insolence! the Notes presented by our Charge des Afiaircsy La 
Chaisey who is an exceUcut Republican. The French are forbid to 
enter the: Country , and the most extravagant predile^ion prevails ia 
£ivour of the English. The Republican agents dally expe£b to receive 
orders to depart. It is under these circumstances that I am about to 
demand my passport for Palermo. 

The people of Sicily are still more incensed against us— our vessels 
are dn«en out of their ports — wherever the French appear, the 
populace pelt them with stonesi and sometimes fire upon them. Not 
pnc French cockade is suffered* In a word, there only wants French- 
men, in order to celebrate again Sicilian vespers. 

The day before yesterday two English vessels arrived, and Nelson 
{limself is expelled to-morrow in a third. To give you some 
idea of the favour in which the enemies of our Country are held 
herCf you must know^ that with my own eyes I saw the King of 
Naples g ) more thau two leagues to sea, to meet the English, to ap- 
plaud and congratulate them. The two vessels which are arrived have 
fought two French Officers with them— one of them is Rear- Admiral 
Blanquet* 7 hey were both in the action of the first, second, and third 
of August. Yuu may depend upon the corre^ness of the following 
account of that dreadful event. 

Our fleet, after having efFe£lcd a disembarkation, and having left 
the transports in Alexai.driai went to anchor at Rosctta, about fifteen 
leagues from Alexand'ia^ There they anchored about four leagues 
from land On the first of August a signal was made for the English 
fleet being in sight They reconnoitred our position, and seeing a 
considerable space between the shore and our vessels, they caused sis^ 
of ^heir Ships to pass between the sliore and our fleet. It was then 
five o'clopk in the evening ; the English fleet was composed of four* 
^een Ships, and ours of thirteen. 

At a quarter past dve the firing commenced, when the fleets were 
in the loljowing position : Qur thirteen Ships were formed in a single 
line, six English Ships were between us and the, land, seven others were 
pn the opposite s.de, and the fourteenth having cut our line in hal^ 
hindered by that manoeuvre six French vessels from takipg a share 
in the a6lion. The fleets cannonaded each other with the utmost 
vivacity the remainder of the day^ and the whole of the night* Whca 



1^ HAVAL AKECDOTE8» 

the day appeared on the Becond, the adfantage was equal* The Shipa 
vere within piitol-shot of each other» and every possible means of 
destrudion were mutually used by both fleets. It was in this situadoo 
of affairs that Admiral Brueyes was wounded in the head and the hand, 
nevertheless he continued to command, till a cannon ball ciM htm In two ; 
he Ii*ved a quarter of an hour afterwards^ and would expire upon his 
-deck. A moment afterwards the Captain of the Admiral's Ship, Cap- 
tain Cass A Bi A nca, formerly a Deputy* was mortally Wounded by a 
splinter : this beautiful vessel then took fire, and every effort to ex. 
tinguish it proved ineffe^ual. The young Cassa Biancai a boy of ten 
years old, who during the zBCxon had performed prodigies of valour, 
refused to escape in a boat, being unwilling to leave his wounded 
father : nevertheless he afterwards put his father upon a mast which 
was thrown into the sea ; himself and the Commissary of the Fleet 
were upon it when L'Onent, of 1 20 gunf , blew up with a moat 
horrible noise, and destroyed these unfortunate persons. The cx« 
plosion was so dreadful, that the town, which was four leagues 
distance, was shaken with it. The two squadrons thought for ten 
minutes they would be destroyed with the showers of fire, red-hot 
cannon^ See. which fell. For ten minutes they waited in silence the 
moment of thtir destruction : but Englishmen and Frenchmen were 
in the presence of each other, and again the cannons thundered^ and 
the battle became more bloody tlian ever* 

One circumstance is worth notice : while the Admiral's Ship 
remained, the French had the advantage, and an English Ship^ of 74 
guns, which was forced to run aground, had struck her colours : but 
the disorder which the blowing up of the Admiral's Ship occasioned^ 
|I1 the Officers being either killed or wounded; Vice- Admiral Blanquet 
weltering in his blood from a wound which he received in the face; the 
Captain of the Franklin, rendered incapable of fighting by having 
received three wounds \ Du Petit Thouars and another Captain killed | 
^11 these circumstances soon changed the face of affairs. Several of our 
vessels without masts and without the capability of motion, and with' 
their caniion dismounted, became a prey to the enemy. Nevertheless* 
on the third, the a^ion still continued between some of our vessels and 
the English. On that day, the crew of the TimoIeon> sooner than 
surrender, set fire to the vessel, and saved themselves. 

This then is the result of the battle. The L 'Orient, of 120 
guns, is blown up ; the Timoleoni of 74, is burnt ; the William Tell 
is at Malta, with the frigates the Piana and the Justice ; the frigate 
L' Arthem.ise was burnt in the a£lion ; and the Serieuse sunk, and the 
rrew saved. All the crew of L'Oricnt were saved on shore. We arc 
afraid th>t the Gcncreux, of 74, which retired with th? William Tell^ 



CCAlME&CtAL HINTS, &ECOLL«CTIONS, &C. r9{ 

is sunk In the Canal of Malta* Our nine other vessels are taken, viz. 
lie Guerricr, Le Conquerant, Le Spartiate, L'Aquilon, andLe Peuple 
Souverain, of 74 guns each ; Le Franklin, Le Tonnant, Le Mercure, 
and L'Heureux. Three of these vessels were in so bad a condition » 
that the enemy burnt them in the roads. All the prisoners were sent 
to Alexandria, because the English were in want of provisions ;'they 
will be a useful reinforcement to the army* The loss of the English 
was 1000 killed and iSoo wounded, by their own account. NfiLsotf 
is severely wounded in the head ! Several of their vessels are in a very 
bad state* 

The unfortunate issue of this a£^ion is attributed to two causes : 
first, the suffering the English to get between us and the land ; and the 
second and principal one is, the having engaged at anchor. However 
that might be, the calamity has happened, and it must not be thought 
of any more. If the Government aft properly, in my opinion, they will 
honour the memory of Admiral Brueyes, of young Cassa Bianca, and 
all those brave men who died fighting. It will do more, it will re« 
compence the surviving Officers. Rome, after the battle of Cant^ae, 
thanked Varro : but this is not like the battle of Cannae ; we have no 
Hannibal to encounter* Tlie English squadron is cruising before 
Alexandria, where they wish to burn our transports ; but we are 
assured they cannot effeft it. Seven of their vessels are conducing the 
six French -Ships to Gibraltar." 

f 

ANECDOTB OF LORD NELSON* 

WHEN quite a child, and on a visit with his grandmother at Hit- 
borough, he was invited by another boy to go bird's-nesting ; as he 
di4 not return at the usual dinner hour, the old lady became alarmed, 
and dispatched messengers in different ways to search after him* The 
young ramblers at length were discovered under a hedge counting over 
the sppils of the day, and the young Horatio was brought home* His 
relation began to scold him for being absent without her leave, and 
concluded with saying, " / wonder fear (fid not drive you borne, 
Horatio innocently replied, " Madam^ I never sanu Fbar 1 



JUVBNILB INTREPIDITY. 

SIHCLOUDESLY SHOVEL, when a boy in the Navy under 
the patronage of Sir John Narborough, hearing that Admiral express 
an earnest wish that some papers of consequence might be conveyed- 
to the Captain of a distant Ship in a6lion ; young Shovel immediately 
undertook to swim through the line of the enemy's fire with the dis- 
patches in his mouth : and this he adualty performed. 



t^6 



KArAL AN£CD0Tfi3> &C* 



JAMES THE SECOND was such an enemy to complicate*! 
movements in a State, that he transaiEled all the buuncss of his 
Admiralty, with only the assistance of an head Clerk. He alaa 
comptrolled the accounts of his Treasurer^ and narrowly in8pe6ted all 
the official departments. Parliament impeded public business^ be 
therefore dissolved it. Corporations were troublesome, he therefore 
garbled them : he had neither Commander in Chief, nof Adthiral of 
the Fleet ; for he was both Captain General and High Admiral 
himself. 

IN the year 1599, Q^cen Elizabeth appointed Sir Henry Palmer 
Comptroller of the Navy, with a salary of fifty pounds fer annum : 
for his two Clerks an allowance was made of eight- pence a day ; and 
for his travelling expences he received four shillings^ day« 



A Litt of all the Captures made by Cafftain DaVio BtOBit *,/f 

oftbe Har with Spain in tbt Tear 1739. 



the 



»»> ■»..*•. \k - 


FrtiCh, 

• .ft. 


Mci chant 


• 

Vc«el*a Name. 


Mtatrrs* Names. 


A en's. 


ac^ the Cap- 


Vlvrf (/ 


ii.«Je. 




Vc icl or 
iTiv .teer. 






Names. 


Abode. 


bacilli 'icor 


rrvrch 


T riv^iccr 


LUnion 


Jean Lacut 


Patrick Ker 


Jaoudou 


tKt-O 


n:ttTJ 


Ditro 


V^ioLjueur 


Jr<ieph Dbhart 


Mac&rlaae it Co. 


Ditto. 
Ditto. 


to.ltJ 


^pan.ih 


D.tio 


at. Antonio 


tcf astian Uhera 


Ditto 


Dhio 


^■tto 


f MfTch. Vtt\.\ 
\ (itikrn S 

nirto 


Jo.]y Batehclor 
Charming Molly 


Tf.o. Ga*ieN* 
Die go GOiuale^ 


Ditto ■ 
Ditto 


DitlOb 

Oicio. 
Ditto. 

^mZ — 


I' tt.j 


f .'to 


DitC/» 


L. ^dy Betty. 


MaiiucI Mzrluo 


Ditto 


rit:r> 


I i -.-(tch 


Pr vateer 


. ctite Guavn 


Fr.ncois Xctiun 


Ditto 


OlttOk 


Divo 


'hitch 


\ rttj»:en 5 


Johanna and Maii 


Jean PcTisJeo 


Ditto 


DiOOw 


I>itto 


Frtncb 


Privateer 


Le Bacchua 


Hwoict Foui^eux 


Ditto 


DittDk 


Di tj 


Ditto 


DitU> 
r 7 


Ferbiuuad 


Ma. -tin brf-iaut 
rUft)cnown» Ihel 


Ditto 


DittOb 


£Ufio 


Engittti 


1 Merch. ye«. C 
1 retaken C 


Jamet lad Sarah 


1 SpuilarclB having ( 
1 ran away athore 1 
C in the boat J 


Ditt* 


Htt^ 


MttJ 


ipanj^h 


Mfrch. Vcitel 


Unknown 


J Deserted by her} 
I People J 


Ditto 


Dttta.- 


Pitto . 


thcto 


Ditto 




J van Ganjcan 


Ditto 


Ditto. 


J>lltO 


French 


Ditto 


L'Alcxaadre 


Charlrt Boucher 


Ran<oinei. 




Ditto 


Ditto 


Ditto 


Doc D'AlCttUlon 




Captain BrodHt. 
I^DisposMsied vi 

1 ThOj Andrews, 




IHttv 


Ditto 


Dim 


laNcilad« 


Lcooaid CuUmot 


j late of hit M*" 
\ Jc ty'sSh^Wor- 
1 ccsier, aad no 
1 Account rcn- 
l^dertd of bcr. 




Ditto 


£neUsh 


fMer«h.Ve$t.'J 


rietanedtothe) 
\ owners S 








Ditto 


Frenc!' 


Pnv»teer 


Jaa<ton 


Jean Fourcad 


Captain Brodle. 




bkto 


TiTto 


Merch. Vrt:. 


i.a Furett 


Francois Morat 


Ditto. 




Ditto 


Entli h 


fMcrch. vest. J 
\ retaken > 

r 7 


f Martini ue, or) 
\ Pretty Betty S 


Alex. Farncux 
^Seba.ttan I'hera *) 


Ditto. 




Ditto 


Sp*'.hh 


3 Three Hilf K 
1 CaUe^ I 


Dectrpyed 


\ Juan Real. 1 
< Tie other ran a- 1 
/ st.ure in the boat 3 






KnfforJ 


Ditto 


Half GiUlej 


Santft Cruz 


^Juan Bii-os 


Barm. 




Atto 


rrcr.eh 


Mcrcb* VcM. 


La Lcxere 


Jacque Dupin 


Hume, Thomas, 
.nd Kixk. 





(Signed) 



D. BRODIE. 



• Vide page 8 1. 
5 



r »97 ] 

CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 

(Continued from Vol. I. Page 467.) 

ii5o* II. 

Ha ! toul night, and horror, here preside ; 

My stunn'd ear tingles to the whizzing tidey 

It b the fiinerai knell ! and gliding near, 

Methinkt the ^ntoms of the Dead appear* 

But lo ! emerging from the watery grave, 

Again they float incumbent on the wave ; 

Again the dismal protpedt opens round. 

The wreck, the shores, the dying, and the drown'd* 

FalCOMEIC's SHIPWaSCK* 

A mart authentic Account^ than- has yet been puhliihed^ of the Loss of His 
Majesty's Ship Amfhion, of ^z Guns, blown up in Hamoaze^ Sep* 
tember z%, 1796. Communicated by a Correspondent^ who vfos ai 
Plymouth when the dreadful Event took place, 

''inHE Amphion frigate, of 32 guns. Captain Israel Pcllew, after 
-*• having cruised some time in the North Seas, had at last 
obtained an order to join the squadron of frigates, commanded 
by Sir Edward Pellew, It was on her passage, that an hard gale of 
wind occasioning some injury to the fore- mast, obliged her to put into 
Plymouth, off which place she then was : she accordingly came into 
the Sound, anchored there on the nineteenth of September, and went 
up into harbour the next morning about seven A.M. — On the twenty- 
second, at about half past four P. M. I felt, whilst at Stonehouse, a 
violent shock like an earthquake ; which extended as far off as the 
Royal Hospital, and the town of Plymouth. The sky towards DocI; 
appeared red, like the e£Fe6i of a fire ; for near a quarter of an hour nq. 
one could discover what was the occasion ; though the streets were 
crowded with people running different ways in the greatest constema-> 
^on* When the alarm, and confusion, had a little subsided ; it first 
))egan to be known, that the Amphion was blown dp ! Several bodies 
and mangled remains were found and picked up by the boats ii\ 
Hamoaze ; whose alacrity on this melancholy occasion was particularly 
remarked, and highly commended* The few who remained alive of 
the crew were conveyed, as fast as their mangled situations would 
permit, to the Royal Hospital ;— as the frigate was originally manned 
lirom Plymouth, the friends and relations of her unfortunate Ship's 
company mostly lived in the neighbourhood ; it it dreadful to relate 
what a scene took pbce — arms, legs, and lifeless trunks, mangled and 
disfigured by gunpowder, were collected and deposited at the 
hospital, having been brought in sacks to be owned* Bodies itill 
^(. III. D O 



198 CO&tB€T aBLATlON 

Kvxngy some with the loaa of limbft* others having just expired as tliey 
were conveying there ; mctty women^ and children, flocking round the 
g9tCB, and entreating admittance, whose sons, husbands, and £ithers, 
were amongst the unhappy number. During the first evening nothing 
was ascertained concerning the Cause of this event, though an hundred 
reports instantly circulated* The few survivors, who by the day 
following had in some degree regained the use of their senses, could 
not give the least account. One man who was brought alive to the 
Royal Hospital died before night ; another before the foDowing 
morning : the boatswain ^ and one of the sailors appeared likely, 
with great care, to do well. Three or four men who were at work 
in the tops were blown up with them, and falling again into the 
water were picked up very little hurt ; these, with the two before* 
mentioned, and one of the sailor's wives, were supposed to be the 
only survivors, except the Captain, and two of the Lieutenants* 

The following particulars were however coUe^ed from the exami- 
nation of several people, before Sir Richard King, the Port Admiral ; 
and the information that could be procured from those who saw the 
explosion from Dock. 

The first person known to have obictvcd any thing, was a young 
Midshipman in the Cambridge guard ship, lying not far distant from 
the place where the Amphion blew up ; who having a great desire to 
observe every thing relative to a profession he had just entered upon, 
was looking at the frigate through a glass, as she lay close alongside 
of the sheer-hulk, and was taking in her bowsprit. She was lashed to 
the hulk ; and an old receiving Ship, the Yarmouth, was lying on the 
opposite side, quite close to her ; and both within a few yards of the 
X)ock-yard Jetty. The Midshipman said, the Amphion suddenly 
appeared to rise altogether upright from the surface of the ^^ter, 
until he nearly saw her keel — the explosion then succeeded : the 
masts seemed to be forced up into the air, and the bull instantly 
to sink — all this passed before him in the space of two minutes. 

The man who stood at the Dock Yard Stairs said, that the first he 
heard of it was a kind of hissing noise ; and then the explosion, when he 
beheld the masts blown up into the air. It was very strongly reported, 
and erroneously inserted in many newspapers, that several window^ 
were broke at Dock by explosion, and that in the Dock Yard there 
was much mischief done by the Amphion's guns going off when she 
blew up ; but though the shock was felt as far as Plymouth ; and 
at Stonehouse enough to shake the windows ; yet it is a wonderful 
and miraculous fiid, that surrounded as she was in the harbour with 

* Mr. MoDttndoD, who had not long before been promoted into th^ 
Aaiphion, from the RoiKiJ, by Admiral Machjidc in the North Seas. 



Ships, c^se alongside of the Jetty, and lasihed to another vessely no 
damage was done to any thing but herself* tt is dreadful to refle^ 
that owing to their intention of putting to sea the nest day» there 
Wer« nearly one hundred men, women, and children* more than her 
Complement on board, taking leave of their friends ; besides the com- 
pany at two dinners that were given in the Ship ; one of which waa by 
the Captain* 

Captain Israel Pdlew, and Captain William Swaffield» of hit 
Majesty^s Ship Overyssel, who was at dinner with him, and the First 
Lieutenant, were drinking their wine : when the first explosion threw 
them off their seats, and struck them against the carlings of the 
tipper deck, so as to stun them^ Captain Pellew, however, had pre- 
senee of mind sufficient to fly to the cabin windows ; and seeing the 
two hawsers, one slack in the bit» and the other taut, threw himself 
with an amazing leap, which he said afterwards nothing but his sense 
of danger could have enabled him to take, upon the latter ; and saved 
himself by that means from the general destrudion ; though his hce 
hftdbeenr badly cut against the carlings, when he was thrown from hii 
seat* The First Lieutenant saved himself in the same manner, by 
jumping ont of the window, and by being also a remarkable good 
swimmer ; but Captain Swaffield being, as was supposed, more stunned^ 
did not escape : his body was found on the twenty-second of Odtober 
with his skull fra6ittred, appearing to have been crushed between the 
tides of two vessels. He was conveyed in an hearse, and buried at 
Stonehouse chapeL 

The Centinel at the cabin door happened to be looking at hia 
watch ; how he escaped no one can tell, not even himself ; he however 
was brought on shore, and but little hurt : the first thing he felt was 
the having his watch dashed out of his hands, after which he was no 
longer sensible of what happened to him. The Boatswain was 
stan<fing on the cat-head ; the bowsprit had been stepped for three 
hours $ the gammoning and every thing on ; and he was dire6ling the 
men in rigging out the jib boom ; when suddenly he felt himself driven 
upwards, and fell into the sea ; he then perceived he was entangled 
in the rTggitig, and had some trouble to get clear ; when being taken 
Up by a boat, belonging to one of the men of war, they found that his 
arm was broke* One of the surviving seamen declared to an officer 
of rank, that he was preserved in the following astonishing manner : 
He was below at the time the Amphion blew up» and went to the 
bottom in the Ship : that he had a knife in his pockety which he 
recoUedled ; and taking it out cut his way through the companion of 
the gun-room (which was shattered already with the explosion) ; then 
letting himself up to the surface of the water, swam unhurt ashore. 



SOO CORRtCT RIlATlOtf 

He shewed the knife to the officer who heard thui lind dedaxtdfae bsA 
been under water full five minutes. 

I also heard in the Dock Yard, that one of the saflor's wives had » 
young child in her arms ; the fright of the shock made her take such 
fast hold of it, that though the upper part of her body adone remained, 
the child was alive, locked fast in her arms, and likely to do welL 

Mr. Spry, an audioneer, who had long lived in great respe<5Ubility 
at Dock, with his son, and godson, had gone on board to visit a 
friend : they were all lost. 

The man at the Dock Yaid Stairs said, that about half an hour 
before the frigate blew up, one of her Lieutenants, and Lieutenant 
Campbell of the Marines (nephew to Colonel Campbell), and some of 
the men, got into the boat at the stairs, and went off to the Sliip. 
Lieutenant Campbell had some business to transafi at the Marine 
Barracks in the morning ; and continuing there some time, wat 
engaged by the Officers to stay dinner, and spend the evening with 
them ; he thus would have escaped : but somebody who came finom 
the Amphioa said, there were letters on board for Lieutenant Camp* 
bell ; as they were some he was very amiious to receive, he left the 
barracks about half an hour before dinner ta fetch them, meaning to 
return again diredlly : during the short interval he waS' on board, the 
Shipfbkw up. He was a young man universally respefkd, and 
lamented by the Corps, and indeed by every one who knew him. One 
of the Lieutenants wha lost his life was the 6nly support of an aged 
mother and sister ; who at his death had neither friend nor rpktioH 
left to protcd and comfort them. The numbers of peofJe who after- 
wards were daily seen at Dock in deep mourning for their lost relativer 
was truly melancholy. Captain Pellew was taken up by the boats, and 
carried to Commissioner Fanshaw's house in the Dock Yard, very 
weak with the exertions he had made ; and so shocked with the dis* 
tressing cause of the^, that he appeared at first scarcely to know 
where he was, oV to be sensible of his own situation : when he was a 
little recovered, in the course of a day, or two, he was removed to the 
house of a friend. Dr. Hawker of Plymouth* 

S\T Richard King had given a public dinner in honour of the Coro^ 
nation. Captain Charles Rowley of the Unite frigate, calling in the 
morning, was engaged to stay ; and put off dining, as he bad pre- 
viously intended to do, on board the Amphion. Captain Darby of 
the Dellerophon was also to have dined with Captain Pdlew, and had 
come round in his boat from Cawsand Bay ; but having some business 
concerning his Ship to transa^ with Sir Richard King, it detained him 
about half an hour longer af Stonehouse tlian he intended; and he was 
just gone down to the beach, and getting into the boat to proceed up 



6t ffHZPWRBCKS. iOff 

^amoazcy when lie heard the fiitsd explosion. Captaun Swaffield watf 
to have sailed the next day ; so that the difference of twenty-four 
hours would have saved this much-lamented, and truly valuable Oticer. 
His brother, Mr. J. Swaffield of the Pay OiHce, being asked to the 
fame dinner, had set out with him from Stonehouse ; but before htf 
had reached Dock, a person came after him on business, which obliged 
him to return ; and thus saved him from shariBg his brother's un* 
timely fate* 

Many Conjedures were formed concerning the Cause of what had 
happened : some thought it was owing to negle£t ; that the men were 
employed drawing the guns, and contrary to rule had not extinguished 
all the fires, though the dinners were over: this however the First Lieu« 
tenant said was innpossible, as they could not be drawing the guns, the 
key of the magazine being to his certain knowledge hanging up in hii 
cabin at the time* Some of the men indeed declared that the guns were 
drawn in the Sound> before they came up Hamoaze. It was also insi* 
Huated that it was done intentionally, as several of the bodies were 
afterwards found without any clothes on, as if they had prepared to jump 
•verboard before the Ship could have time to blow up* As no mutiny 
had ever appeared in the Ship, it seems unlikely that such a desperate 
plot should have been formed, without any one who survived having 
the least knowledge of it ; and it is a well known fitcV, that in almost 
•very case of shipwreck, where there is a chance of plunder, there are 
wretches, so far destitute of the common feelings of Ifltamanity, as to 
hover round the scene of horror ; in hopes by stripping the bodies of 
^ dead, .and seizing whatever they can ky their hand* on in the con- 
fusion, to benefit themselves. 

It was the fore magazine which took fire ; had it been the after one 
orach more damage mast have ensued* The moment the explosion 
was heard. Sir Richard King arose firom dinner, and went in lus boat 
on board the hulk, where the sight he beheld was dreadful : the deck 
covered with blood, mangled limbs, and entrails^ blackened with gun- 
powder ; the shreds of the Amphion's pendant, and rigging, hanging 
about her, and pieces of her shattered timbers strewed all around. 
i)ome people at dinner in the Yarmouth, though within a very small 
distance, declare that the report they heard did not appear to be louder 
than the firing of a caanon fix>m the Cambridge, which they imagined 
it to be, and bad never even rose from dinner, tiH the confusion upon 
deck led them to think some accident had happened ! This may 
appear astonishing : I can only say, it was told me by very readable 
people at the time. 

At low water, the next day, about a foot and an half of one of the 
'masts appeared above water | and for several days the Dock Yard mea 



idi eOftiBCT ftBLATIO# 

were employed in cone6Ung the ihattered maiU md fnrit, anJ c^n^'* 

gtng up what they could proaire from the wreck. On the twenty-' 

tiinthy part of the fore-chains was hauled up, shattered and 8(4uitcred# 

and ail the holts forced out ; also the head and cutwater. On thethmt 

•f 06tober^ it was intended that an attempt should be made to raise 

the Amphion hetween two frigates, the Castor and Iphigenia, who were 

accordingly moored on each side of her ; but only a few pieces of the 

Ship could be got upy one or two of her gunsi some of the men's chests^ 

ehairs. and part of the furnitm^ of the cabin* Some bodiea floated 

•ut from between deck^ and amongst the rest a Midshipman's ; these^ 

and all that coold be found* were towed round by boats through 

Stonchouse Bridge up to the Royal Hospital Stairsi to be interred in 

their burying ground. Indeed the sight for many weeks was dread&l a 

the change of tide washing out the putrid bodies* which were towtd 

>ottnd by the boats when they would hardly hold together.-^It is need* 

kss to enlarge on such a 8ubjc6i ; any one may be able t^ form an idea 

of it» when told that bodies continued to be found even as late as the 

tSirtiitb o/Novemher, 1 796* when the Amphion having been dragged 

iDund to another part of the Dock Yard Jetty to be broke up, the 

body of a woman was washed out firom between decks. A sack wat 

also dragged up» filled with gunpowder at bottom* and just topped 

with biscuit ; which in some measure confirmed an idea that had before 

gained ground* that the gunner had been stealing the powder to aeS^ 

and h'ad ooaceded what he could get out by degrees in the above 

Aanner ) and that thinking himself safe on a day when every one was 

entertaining their friends* he had carelessly been amongst the gam* 

powder without taking the necessary precautions. As he t^as said to 

have been seen at Dock very much in liquor in the morning, I think 

it seems probable that this might be the CauK of a calamity as suddaa 

as it was dreadfuL 

H. 

Lou of Hit Majtitft Ship CouRAGfiux, 0/*74 GunSf Captmti Benjamin 
Hallowell* in the Mediterranean* who afiemnardt commandfd the 
Swiftsure m the JSion off" the Nile, Written by a Seaman hehnginjr 
to her who escaped from tfje Wreck, 

Ktny Htipitait GUraUtr, Fdtmary 71ft, 171^ 
IT has given sse great concern that 1 had not sooner an opportu* 
nity of informing you of my miraculous escape from die shipwreck of 
the Coungcux, of 74 guns ; which was unfortunately lost on the coast 
of Baibary on the eighteenth of December* at nine o'dock in the 
cvenmg ; at which time ^e first struck* and in a. quarter of an hour 
aftet there was not an inch of her to be seen : four hundred and. 
seventy of her brave crew perished* and I myself never can be suffi* 



OF SBlPWftBCKSv 203 

clcntly grateful to Providence foe having saved my life. A9 th^ parti- 
culars of this event, and the loss of the vessel, may prove interesting to , 
you, I shall mention the circumstances in a £cw words* On the ninth 
of December last^ in a dreadful gale of wind, the Courageux parted 
from her anchors, and before we could bring the Ship up, she drove 
nearly under the Spanish batteries. Being much alarmed for fear of 
the Spaniards firing upon us, we next day got the Ship under sail to 
work her into a safe birth ; when towards mid- day it blew so hard, that 
ve were oUiged to close reef the topsails, being then afraid to anchor^- 
for fear of the anchor's not holding* Towards the evening the wind 
increased to a perfed hurricane : we handed the topsails, and kept 
the Ship under her courses, to be to windward enough to go into 
Gibraltar. Unfoitunately for us, the weather now became very thick 
and hazy, accompanied by incessant rain, and a most tremendous storm 
of thunder and lightning ; so that we stood too hr to the south shore { 
having the wind £. S, £r and found the Ship amongst the breakers, 
\}ti6rc we even saw a gUmpse of land. We then attempted to weai^ 
the Ship ; but it was too late ! She struck on a rock, and fell close 
alongside of another high and steep one. At this time I happened to 
be belowj but the moment I felt her strike, I ran on deck, and wit* 
nessed the melancholy sight of the people jumping overboard. Fevr 
of them, however, reached the shore, as they fell between the Ship'a 
side and the rock, and were in an instant dashed to atoms. I waited oi| 
deck for a few moments with considerable patience, until so tremendous . 
H sea bioke over the Ship, that to stick by her any longer was impos« 
«ible. I therefore jumped on the rock, but was instantly dashed by a 
wave among a number of small one8-**by which time my very shoes 
yrcrc washed off my feet. I however kept a desperate hold, and after 
the most incredible exertions regained the top of the rock ; when 
thinking myself almost safe — the main-mast fell close by my side ! 
Having then very few clothes on I was light for swimmingf and by the 
blessing of Providence got safe ashore* as did also one hundred and 
twenty- one more of the crew ; but all the rest were buried in the 
deep* We lived six days on a very small quantity of dried beans ; 
and were six days more in marching through the country ; at which 
time, however, the Moors gave us as much bread once a day as we 
could eat. On my arrival at Gibraltar I turned exceedingly bad, and 
was confined for three weeks. I am now greatly better, and turned, 
pver to a very fine frigate of 36 guns, named La Mahonisa, taken from 
the Spaniards. Owing to the unfortunate wreck of the Courageux, 
I have lost the labour of many an hard-earned and well-fought day. I 
have the world to begin again ; but as the Almighty has been pleased 
to spare my life^ I think I am still rich I ^ 



[ «04* 1 

The following Letter, containing a very particular and full 
Account of a Voyage from Kingston upon Hull to Rhode 
Island, In America, in the year 17491 was transmitted thence 
by Captain Samuel Standige (now Sir Samuel), Master 
of a Ship called the American^ to hia Owner Christophik 
§coTT, Es<j. late of Hull, 

* 

SlRf 

WH EN I took leave of you at Hull, I reaolved at all cventt to 
get the Ship away, if possible ; and accordingly, notwitlu 
•landing it was then eight o'clock at night, I went in search of fresh 
seamen, and having soon procured a competent number of hands, got 
them on board at • four o'clock the ensuing morning ; weighed anchor 
dircAly, and, both wnd and tide being favourable, in a very short 
time we were out of the H umber •. 

By this time, however, I plainly perceived that the Ship had settled 
conFideraMy in the water. I therefore, lest the men should be too 
much alarmed, conveyed away secretly the pump-log, and hid it. 
After the sailors had all received a comfortable refreshment, I gave 
orders for the pumps to be rigged, and got to work to pump her out, 
at which I exerted myself in common with the rest of the crew. 
When both pumps had been at work for about an hour, the men began 
to express strong apprehensions that the Ship was too old to suck, an4 
to slacken, in a good degree, their exertions. I endeavoured, how- 
ever, to encourage them as much as lay in my power. I then told 
them, that we were now so far embarked with a fair wind, without any 
chance of regaining the port we had left, that the only alternative, 
that was kft us, was to pump or to drown-*— that I had orders firom 

* It mny nnt be amiss here to inform the reader of what happened to the 
SMp previous to her departure from I'ull. On the twenty-fifth of September, 
] 749, having completed her cargo, which consisted of coals, grindstones, bale 
j^coJs, and hemp ; the Captain received hit instrudlions from the owner to 
fuil down the Hum per the next tide, and to proceed with aU possible expedition 
to the place pf his destination. 

In piiiTuance of these instruAions, Captain Standige repaired on board, where 
9il thinRjB being in readiness, preparations were immediately made for sailing ) 
but in hauling out of the haven, an unlucky accident happened to the Ship, 
occasioned by another vessel which cut her rope, and caused her to take the 
ground near the Dolphin.* Being high water when the ^hip grounded, and 
fieap tides coming on, the Thip was unfortunately detained four days in this 
disagrcial)lc sltuaticn; ;ind when she floated again, from her straining so miu:h, 
it was found »he had sustained considerable damage; and before she got off to 
fin anchor, thu men were obliged to rigg both pumps, and several hours elapsed 
bitorc they could he worked. All the hands, finding the t^hip so very leaky, 
left her ; when the Captain went on shore to acquaint the owner of her con- 
dition : who told N r. Standige, he gculd by no means, if possible to avoid 
it jccn&ent to have her r<.pairea at home \ but had much rather it mi|;ht bc doQ^ 
^*t an)' ot^icr fort, Op ^his the C:Jf tain took his kav«. 



ORIGINAL YOTAOE FROM HULL TO RHODE ISLAND* 20C 

the owaer to put into any port In England to repair*--that I hoped the 
Ship would soon close her rents ; but that, if, contrary to my expec- 
tations, she continued so leaky as that one pump could not keep her 
free, I would put into Harwich, where they might have a good 
winter's employment. The men now went cheerfully to work, and, 
with unwearied exertions at the pumps, in about four hours after, they 
were enabled to reduce their labour to one pump constantly goinor. 
The wind now coming fair, the next day we ran through Yarmouth 
Roads ; but as soon as we had got over the Stamford, and before we 
reached Orford Nes?, it began to blow a strong gale from £• N. E. 
the sea ran extremely high, and the night was very dark : I now steered 
a course for the Foreland, intending to go into Dover Pier. The next 
day, however, being without the Goodwin Sands, and the wind blowino^ 
strong from the E. S. E. with thick, rainy weather, there was no 
looking at the land with any degree of safety : so that I now steered a 
course right down the Channel, without ever once seeing land, and a 
strong gale continuing to blow hurried us in a very little time one 
hundred leagues to the westward. During this whole run the Ship 
was kept free, though the weather proved very tempestuous, with one 
pump constantly working. By a promise of five shillings a month 
advance in each man's wages, I found means to keep them tolerably 
easy and in good spirits. 

Being now embarked on the wide Atlantic Ocean, in a very leaky, 
crazy Ship, that wrought and strained excessively ; and the winter 
season advancing apace, the wind for a considerable time hung to the 
S. and S. W. which kept us a long time to the northward ; and con» 
tinning to stand to the westward prevented my running for the trade 
winds. 

Hence it happened that the whole voyage proved remarkably 
tedious and turbulent, with frequent heavy gales : when we had 
advanced between five and six hundred leagues, we experienced for 
several days together uncommonly severe jack northwesters ; the sea 
running extremely high, often breaking over the Ship with great 
violence. Every favourable change of wind, however, which ena- 
bled us to pursue either a diredl or oblique course, we embraced 
with the utmost eagerness and alacrity. 

On the twenty-fourth of December we first struck soundings, in 
thirty-five fathoms, bottom a green ooze ; being then, as I imagined, 
in Block Island Channel, about ten leagues S. W. of Rhode Island, 
as the Ship was in that parallel of latitude. Stretching to the west 
in cold, hazy winter weather, about four hours after, a schooner was 
discovered bearing down upon us. On being hailed, I told the 
^Taster of her, that we had been out fourteen weeks from England ; 

Clol. 111. r. F. 



206 ORICIMAL VOYAGB FROM HULL TO RHODB fSLAMO. 

and that we had sounded thirty -five fathoms in Block Idand Channel. 
The Master of the schooner then informed me, that he had been out 
only three days from Boston » bound, as we were, for Rhode Island ; 
and that we were then in St.* George's Channel, to the eaatvrard of 
Nantucket Island. I replied, as I had before experienced these 
soundings, that I was sure we were in Block Island ChanneL At 
this reply the Master seemed a good deal piqued, and asked me if I, 
who had been out fourteen weeks from England, could pretend to 
know better than he did, who had been only three days from Boston. 
Soon after in a heavy gale of wind, accompanied with a great fall of 
snow, and an intense frost, we parted company. As the schooner's 
account differed at least forty leagues from our own reckoning, I now 
consulted with my Mate, whether we should abide by our own 
reckoning, or adopt that of the schooner's. If the latter, standing to 
the westward would entangle us with Nantucket's Shoals ; but on the 
other hand, if we should pursue our own, that course would keep us in 
safety under Long Island. At this time the wind was blowing strong 
from the N. E. ; the frost very severe, with frequent and heavy 
showers of snow. As the schooner had been so short a space of time 
out of port, her reckoning, unfortunately, was preferred to our own, 
and the Ship's head laid to the eastward, with as much wind and sea as 
enabled us to carry a foresail— the lead going every half hour. Pre- 
vious to this, however, I had given orders to have the cables bent and 
anchors clear, in readiness for letting go, should any danger threaten. 
With these every Ship from the north of England is furnished, and 
Ships from all places ought to be the same, to which they may have 
recotirse in the last extremity. Having stood upon this course for abont 
eighteen or twenty hours, we gradually shoaled our water, insomuch 
that at eight o'clock P. M» from thirty-five, we had decreased to nine 
and ten fathom. The night put on a terrible asped, and proved surely atf 
dismal an one for snow, and ice, as men could be exposed to. I again 
consulted with the Mate, and we were under strong apprehensions, 
that if we wore, and stood upon any other course, we might run into 
unforeseen and fatal dangers ; for we now found that the Master of the 
schooner had entirely misled us. 

All hands wtre now called — the foresail hauled up, and handed with 
much difficulty ; the best bower anchor was let go, and all the cable 
veered out, so that the Ship rode with an whole cable before her nose. 
The hause was now served, and all made snug ; and then all hands 
turned to the pumps, and the Ship freed. In this dreadfully tem- 
pestuous night, the whole crew divided into two watches, reh'eved 
each other alttrnatdy, through the whole night, at the pumps t^ 
prevent their freezing as the frost was most intense. 



ORIQINAI. VOYAOB f&OM HVX.L TO RHODB ISLAKD. 207 

The Ship rode it out much more comfortably than could have hecn 
expedUd ; considering her situation in the middle of the Atlantic in 
the depth of winter, it being the pight between the twenty- ninth and 
thirtieth of December. This nighty however, appeared to me the 
lQng€9t X had erer experienced. When the welcome morning, at 
lengthy arrived^ the wind became somewhat qiore moderate. At 
•even o'clock, it being then day-light, and a lucid interval between 
ahowcrs of snow, I ordered a man to the mast-head, who called out, 
^* Broken water to windward, and to* the east or starboard bow." 
I immediately followed the man aloft, and there perceived the immi- 
nent danger we had been exposed to ; and from which we had been 
providentially saved. 

This broken water we soon found to be the great shoals and sands 
9f Nantucket Island, for soon afterwards I distindly perceived over the 
sands the masts of the vessels in the harbour of Nantucket, and the 
island of that name; and perfectly recollected the place •. On the- 
thirtieth of, December weighed anchor, Nantucket's island bearing 
N. by W. set the foresail close, reefed the main-top >sail — the wind at 
N. by E. stretching W. N. W. course, at four o'clock P. M. took 
our departure from Martha's Vineyard, bearing N. N. £. disunt 
one le^ue. An heavy gale, with severe firost and snow : stretched 
all night W. by N. keeping the lead going every half hour } 
sounding from twelve tb twenty fethoms. At six o'clock A. M. 
close in with the light-house on Point Judith, about ten miles 
only from Newport, which we were anxious to reach as soon as pos- 
sible ; to accomplish which, we kept working the Ship in the wind's 
eye, tack and tack ; but the gale still continued to blow strong, 
with our utmost exertions we were unable to gain any ground* 

* Captain Standige was well acquainted with this island, having h«es there 
on a very roemonble occasion about five years before. Being then Mate of a 
Ship on her return from Virginia to Hull with a cargo of tobacco, in company 
with another Ship ; on their coming out of the Capes, they were both taken oy a 
privateer, and sent for Cape Fran9ois, on the north coast of Hispaniola, whcr« 
ID twenty-six days they arrived. Here they continued six weeVs, when an 
order came for Mr. Standige, and half the crew, to go on board a sloop of about 
twenty tons, Simon Fhodes, Master, a flag of truce, and loaded lor Rhode 
Island. The very first night after they sailed, they met with the tail of one oC 
those terrible hurricanes, so frequent in that part of the world ; attended with 
the most dreadful thunder and lightning Mr. Standige had ever beheld (though 
he had previous to this been in a thunder storm, which struck all their masts) ; 
two men, who had the watch on deck, were struck motionless by the eledrical 
fluid, and were to all appearance dead : but being taken down into the cabin, 
and proper means made use of, in two hours time they both recovered. The next 
morning proved remarkably fine, when they proceeded on their voyage ; made 
Martha's Vineyard, and the wind being contrary, put into Nantucket's Har- 
bour ; continued there a week, and then sailed for Rhode Island, where they 
arrived the next day ; and the prisoners were »1I tent on shore to provide foe 
themsclv^i. 



toS ORIGINAL VOYAGB FROM HULL TO RR0D8 ISLAKO. 

Oa the thirty.firsty six o'clock P. M. handed the sails ; and finding a 
sandy bottom, let go the anchor in thirty-five fathom water ; and not- 
withstanding the weather continued excessively tempestuous, on a 
rocky and dangerous coast* open to the Atlantic Ocean, yet the Ship 
rode it out very comfortably. During the night we had a great faD 
of snow : in the morning the weather became more modente* 
After clearing the decks of snow and ice, we weighed anchor* and 
worked the Ship safe into the harbour of Newport, in Rhode Idand, 
to the no small amazement of our merchant, Mr. Joseph Harrison, 
and all the gentlemen of that place. After being told where we lay 
the preceding night, they observed, that it was the first and only 
instance that had ever come to their knowledge of a Ship's anchoriug 
on that coast. Tlicy appeared, however, perfeftly astonished, on 
being informed that we had been at anchor in the heavy gale three 
days before under Nantucket's Shoals. 

It was afterwards known that tlie Schooner that misled them was 
blown off to the West Indies. 

From the above fa£ls. Captain Standige would recommend it to 
seamen to be at all times ver}* attentive to their lead» in sounding 
constaatly ; and when on a coast, to be always ready with anchors and 
cables, and never afraid to let them go ; confident, as he is, that thit 
would be the means of saving many valuable lives and Ships, and at the 
same time tend to secure their passage. 

Letter from an Officer on board his Majesty's Ship La Loire, Captain 

Newman. 

ON Monday, January 27, x8oo, we sailed from Plymouth, with the 
Railleur, Captain Turquand, under orders to look for a French 
frigate, and her convoy, coming from St. Maloes to Brest. The 
Danae, Captain Lord Proby, was ordered with us, but did not get 
out from Plymouth till the evening, and joined us off Guernsey on Wed- 
nesday morning. On the evening of February the fourth, our Captain 
(as Commodore) gave orders to Lord Proby to proceed to Jersey 
for inteUigence ; and the Railleur and Loire hauled their wind to the 
southward. At day-light on the fifth, we made Seven Islands * ahead ; 
and on the RaiUeur demanding and receiving permission to recon- 
noitre, the Loire stood away for Jerr.cy, cxpcding the Danae to 
rejoin. At half past one P. M. she was discovered standing towards 
iiSj and we immediately brought-to, under Roche Douvre. Shortly 
afterwards Lord Proby came oxi board, and brought information that 

* On the north coast of France ; about one league from the main. Theie 
i&bnd« are known by the Church of La Clarte upon the Main, otherwise called 
our Lady of Clear Ness, which has an high steeple on the main land, and ia 
thwart of them. 



ItTTEft FROM LA LOIRi; 209 

At Fairy and Harpy sloops had sailed fmm Jersey that ihomingf 
under orders from the Prince De Bouillon, to go in quest of the 
frigate which was theobjedkofour search ; and Lord Proby gave the 
Captains of those sloops an accurate description of our squadron^ 
in order that they might know us in case they ' fell in with us. At 
forty minutes past two o'clock P. M. the Danae made the signal for 
an enemy ; and we immediately discovered a French frigate to 
windward, with the Fairy and Harpy in chace. In a few minutes, 
the Loire and Danae were under all sail on a wind ; and we never for 
a moment lost sight of the chace. The enemy was steering large under a 
press of sail, the Harpy following under easy sail, and the Fairy far 
astern under all sail* The Loire soon passed the Danae ; and, 
gaining on the enemy, observed that the sloops were dropping astern, 
though steering targe after the enemy, while the Loire was close 
hauled to intercept her. Abqut sun- set, the Railleur, which had been 
left under Seven Islands, was discovered ahead by the enemy, who in 
consequence tacked, nearly within gun-shot of the Loire. About nine 
P. M. the Fairy having passed under the lee of the Loire, her Com- 
mander (Capt. J. S* Horton) was desired to stand on till he could wea- 
ther the enemy, or fietch into his wake ; but the superiority of sailing 
in the enemy, and the Loire, gave the latter Ship and the Railleur the 
opportunity of finishing the business ; by bringing the chace to a warm 
a^on about half past eleven at night,when close in under the Seven 
Islands ; a battery having opened in her support, which did us con- 
siderable damage. At twenty minutes before two A. M« on the 
morning of the sixth, the enemy struck, after a most spirited defence; 
and proved to be La Pallas, the French frigate of which we were in 
quest, mounting forty-two guns, eighteen-pounders, and two more in 
the hold being stowed for the East Indies* She measures above one 
thousand tons ; had never been at sea before ; is one of the most beau- 
tiful frigates ever seen, and a prime sailer ; as we had an opportunity 
of seeing during so long a chace, throughout the whole of which she 
carried every sail possible on a wind, and made repeated tacks. 

The Railleur supported us most gallantly : the Danae^ Fairy, 
and Harpy, in spite of every exertion, were not able to get up. The 
former, finding herself not within gun-shot, never fired ; and though 
the two latter did, their shot fell far short even of the Loire, and still 
more so of the Pallas. We were obliged to bear up, and nm to 
leeward, to get the assistance of their boats in shifting prisoners. 
Soon a^ter the a£tion ceased. Captains Horton and Bazely (of the 
Fairy and Harpy) came on board the Loire ; and we learned that 
they had met with the Pallas in the preceding morning, and had gal- 
lantly engaged her for a considerable time : but, on the Frenchmaa 



f to tBTTta FtOM LA LOItl* 



diacoTcriBg the Loire and Danar toleeward» he made t£\ from them i 
they following him as soon as their damages were repaired* in the 
manner in which we first saw thcnu At day-light, the Danae, Fairy^ 
and Harpy, haukd their wind for Jersey ; Captain Horton having sent 
OB board of us sealed dispatches for the Admiralty, containing his 
own aocount of his proceedings, for Captain Newoun to forward* 
The Loire, PaDas, and Railleur^ then bore up for Plymouth, and 
arrived off that port in the evening ; but were blown to the westvrard 
by a strong gale from £. S £.— -Just before day-light on the seventh, 
the Pallas carried away all her masts, and about three P. M. with great 
difficulty got to an anchor in Mount's Bay ; but the Loire and Rail«» 
leur, after beating off for two days, in hopes that the gale would abate» 
borq^up for Cork, and arrived tl)ere on the ninth. 



MEDICAL FACTS. 

(Continued from Vol. II. Page 615.) 



OMHP. OAYE, e. 

Dire is the Ocean, dread in alt its forms ! 

Man must decay, when man cootendf with storma* PoPtt 

T7IT E proceed to sclcft, under this head, from different 
writers of repute, whatever may tend to bring roort 
into one point of view the different opinions that have been 
published relative to that most important objefi the pre* 
servation of the health of Seamen. 

THE YELLOW FEVER. 
{From Colnett's Voyage.) 

THE whole crew had been more or less afiFeAed by the yeDow 
fever ; from which horrid disorder, I was, however, so fortunate as to 
recover, by adqpting the method that I saw pra£kiscd by the natives 
of Spanish America, when I was a prisoner among them. 

On the first symptoms appearing, the fore part of the head waa 
immediately shaved, and the temples and pole washed with vinegar 
and water. The whole body was then immersed in warm v^'oter, to 
give a free course to perspiration ; some opening medicine was afteri* 
ward administered, and every four hours a dose often grains of Jamca't 
powders. 



MEDICAL fACTS. 21t 

If the patient was thirsty, the drink was weak white wine and 
water> and a sh'ce of bread to satisfy an inclination to eat. 

An increasing appetite was gratified by a snfiall qaaniity of 90np« 
made from the macilaginous parts of the turtle, with a little vinegar 
in it. I also gave the sick sweetmeats, and other articles from my 
priratc stock, whenever they expressed a distant wish for any which I 
could supply them with. By this mode of treatment, the whole crew 
improved in their health, except the carpenter, who, though a very 
stout, robust man, was, at one time, in such a state of delirium, and so 
much reduced, that I gave him over ; but he at length recovered. 

Captain Colnett made the following observation, on the 
effefts which the crews of Ships have escperieaced from eating 
turtle. 

Other Voyagerji have ^Hedged, that Hviug on Turtle causes tlie flux* 
scurvy, and fever : I can first account for such a consequence, by its 
not being sufficiently boiled, or cooked in unclean utensils; and, 
secondly, every man who has experienced along voyage is well iaformed, 
that a sudden change of food, and particularly ^om an erdiiiacy sea or 
salt diet, to an entirely fresh one, will produce the flux, sickness of 
stomadi, and other complaints* My meHiod to prevent such efft6b» 
was to aDow the crew as much vinegar as they could use ; and super- 
intend myself the preparation of the seamen's meaL I used to taste 
the broth, in order to know if it was properly done ; that ic contained 
a suffident quantity of pearl barley ; and was duly seasoned by boiling 
with it salt beef or pork. I also ordered that the proportion of the 
salt meats, cooked with the turtle, should be previously towed and 
fineshened, and when the crew were tired of soup, I gave them €oftir to 
make their turtle-meat into pies ; and, at other times, fat pork to chop 
Up with it, and make sausages. But in most of their messes, I took care 
that so powerful an antiseptic as Sour Crout should not be forgotten. — 

Id all parts of the East Indies, a vinegar is made of the milk of the 
cocoa nut, equal to our strong white wine vinegar. I am unacquainted 
with the particular process, but am disposed to think it at once sliort 
and simple. The old cocoa nut left in water for two hours, and thea 
strained, produces a liquid in colour and taste little inferior, if not 
equal, to skim milk ; which removed all scorbutic complaints from 
among the crew, and preserved them in health for many months. 

DIRECTIONS TO MARINEtS WHO GO TO THE WEST INDIES, TO 
AVOID THE YELLOW FEVER, BY AN AMERICAN WRITER. » 

THK seeds of this disease, we arc told, are conva|^ed to the Ships by 
the land breeze during the night, from the low and ^marshy grounds in 



212 MEDICAL PACTS* 

the neighbourbood of the sea-ports of the West India islands. Sailor? 
are predisposed to receive them by their 'hard labouri or intemperance 
during the day ; and by sleeping upon the deck in the night. To 
prevent the reception of the disease in the above ways, sailors should 
wash their bodies every morning and night in salt watrr. Two 
Ships preserved their whole crews in good health by this simple 
precaution ; while hundreds were dying in the Ships around them that 
ncgleded it. 

It has been found that washing the ^ ody twice a day with water^ in 
which a large quantity of salt has been dissolved, has preserved persons 
in good health, who have lived in sickly countries during the prevalence 
of autumnal fevers* 

TIic Origin of the yellow fever, which has proved so dread-* 
fill a scourge to many of the large cities of the United States, 
from the publications in that country, is now nearly ascer* 
tained* 

Dr. Mitchell, Professor of Giemistry in Columbia College, 
at New York, a chamber well known in the learned world, has the 
honour of this important discovtrry. From a variety of concuiring 
ttiraimstanceSf this philosopher was led into a chain of reasoning, 
which confirmed him in the opinion, that the fever %vas produced by 
the evaporation of a certain deleterious act J. This acid, he says, is 
formed by a peculiar combination of the bases of the two gassed, which 
constitute our atmosphere, viz. nitrogen and oxygen. The intense 
heat, peculiar to that climate, in the months of August and September, 
is the agent which eifefb the peculiar change in question. 

But the important advantage which has resulted from this'theo* 
yy, is the successful mode of treatment it suggests. This must ob- 
viously consist of such remedies as destroy or neutralize the acid, 
and» therefore, alcalies are now given ; and, if reports are to be- 
credited, with great success. Indeed, the effc^s of alcalies and Mine, 
m extinguishing the contagion, constitute chief of the proof of the 
truth of the Mitchillean theory. Several very extraordinary circum- 
stances were observed during the sickness last summer at New York, 
and which strongly confirm this system. It was remarked, that 
bbourers employed in manufacturing pot-ash and soap ; where they 
were, of course, much exposed to the influence of alcalies, continued ia 
perfedl health ; while other people, remote from those places, were in* 
discriminately vlftims to the disease. The plentiful use of lime and 
pot-ash in domestic economy has been suggested by this theory, and 
llieir good effcdis are said to be ascertained. A Portuguese philosopher^ 



' iCfiSICAL FACTS. 21} 

iflAMbiiig the MitdiSIean theorr* has recently pablnlicd hts opiiuon^ 
tluit the city of Lisbon is indebted for its selubriK j to the great 
quantity of lime employed in the building of the streets aiid houses of 
that place. He says* Lisbont finom its situation, might he expelled to 
be one of the most unhealthy places in Europe. 

The yeDow fever, which has of late been so £ital in Fhilade1phia» is 
attributed to the numerous docks, which, on the falling of the tide, 
retain the filth that had been carried by the stream ; and which, being 
exhaled by the immense power of the sun, fills the air with putridity* 
To obviate this evil, and its calamitous cife^ it is intended to remove 
all the docks in James's River» and to form on its bank one great seg- 
ment of a circle ; the arch of which is to extend from the Battery to 
Coarler's Hook, leaving near the water openings of one hundi-ed feet 
to communicate with a wharf in tlie rear, which is to extend the entire 
length of the city»i The current will by this means pass without being 
interrupted by the inimdations, and -clear away all the dirt, from which 
it is supposed so many evils originated. 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 



Reports of Case J f arpted and determined m the Tiigh Court (f Admiralty / 
cffmmencing <witb the Judgmmts of the Right Hon. Sir JVUliam Scott, 
Michaelmas Term 1798. By Chr. Robinson, LL.D. Advocate. 
Printed hy A, Strahan/?r J. Buttcrworth, tfn^ y&r J. Wln'te, Ffeet 
Street, 1 799. Vol, /. Part /. To he continued regularly. Poytd 
OSavo. Pages i88« Price ^s. 

Dedicated by Permission to Earl Spencer. 

'^in'E congratulate the Naval Profession on the appearance 
of so important and useful a work as the present ^ 
which will also prove of essential utility to the merchant 
service. The Commanders of our Ships will now have an 
opportunity of pcrfcfting themselves in the nature of those 
decisions, by the Court of Admiralty, which so nearly con- 
cern their interest; and, when employed in aSual service, will 
be enabled to form a more correft opinioh, than they have 
hitherto been able to coUeft at the moment, respefling the 
legality of such captures, as may come within their reach. 
We could have wished that a copy of the above useful work 

md in. r ' 



314 NATAL LITBftATVM. 

had been printed on inferior paper ; which mould have con- 
siderably lowered its price, and consequently baye increaBod 

its circulation : no stated time appears fixed for the regular 
appearance of each part j but from eyery thing we can colle£t| 
it will not be oftener than once in three months. 

A Summary of the principal contents of the first Party w31 enable 
our readers to judge of its contents. — ist Case, November 6, 1798* 
Thb Vigilantia, Gcrritz master, sailing under Prussian colours, 
and taken on a voyage from Amsterdam to Greenland* — Margiiud 
Note* ** An enemy's vessel ostensibly transfened, and continaing in 
the enemy's trade, is liable to condemnation." 

2d Case. November 6, 1798. — Thb Em^dbn, Meyer master. 
Case of a Ship transferred in Holland under circumstances similar to 
the preceding case ; and taken on a voyage from Amsterdam to 
Greenland. — Marginal Note* *' A master's national chara^er is taken 
from his employment." 

3d Case. November 13, 1798. Tua Endraught, Broetjas 
master. Case of a Dutch Ship under circumstances similar to the 
last case, but claimed by a meichant of Oldenburg.— Jfjr^na/ Note* 
«* Where a Ship is transferred from an enemy, and continues habitually 
in the enemy's trade, the neutral is not specially entitled to carry on 
that tfade, tncrcly because his own Country has no sea-port^** 

4th Case. Thb Young Jacob and JohamnAs Visser master. 
November 13, 1 798. A small fislilng vessel taken on her return from 
the Do^er Bank to Holland. — Marginal Note. « Forbcanuicc towards 
common fishing boats has been a matter of Comity in former wars. In 

this they have been proceeded against and condemned.*' Addu'md 

Note. « This has been an indulgence of ancient date : the French 
ordinance of tlie year 1543, gave the Admiral a power of forming 
fishing truces, treves pecheresscs^ with the enemy during Hostilities ; 
or of granting passports to individuals, to continue their fishing trade 
unmolef.ted ; this praAice prevailed so late as the time of Louis XIV. 
They have since fallen Into disuse, " owing to the ill feith with which 
they were observed hj the enemies o/" France.'* Valin, II v. 5. tit. I. 

Valin spf aks of them as exceptions of comity only, " en derogeant en 
cette partie au droit de la guerre suivant lequel Ics pecheura sont de 
bonne prise commeles autres navigatcurs," 

5th Case. The Endraught, Bonner master. November 19, 
1 7g8. — A Ship taken on her voyage from Narva to Dort^ in Holland, 
with a cargo of Balks, fir planks, battens, and ?v[t wood. — Marginal 
Note. «* A Dutch Ship osfcnsihiy transferred to a neutral condemned* A 
description of contraband, and exceptions, under the Danish treaty," 



MATAL LITBKATVRB. ftl( 

(khCase. Ttf b Staadt £mbdbn» Jacobs master. November X9» 
179S. A Ship which had been a prize Ship taken from the Engluhf 
and carried into Chrutiansand* A pretended tale had passed there, 
and the vessel was retaken on a voyage from Riga to Amsterdam^ laden 
with dealsf and vaatXz.^^Margwai Note, ** A prize Ship carried bj 
the french into Ninrway^ there ostensibly sold to a neutral : adjudged 
Ml faSs not to have become the property of the neutral : masts are 
contraband ;— contraband articles affeA innocent fartt of the Cargo. 
Uottffng to the tame perton**' 

7th Case. Thb Mao ku s/Sorensen master. November 20, 1 798* 
A Ship laden with coffee and sugars, and taken on a voyage from 
Havre to Genoa* The Ship had been restored as Damsh propertyi and 
the cargo had been referred to farther proof by plea and proof ; on a 
claim given for Mr. /)» Merian^ a merchant oi Basle ^ in Switzerland,-'^ 
Maraud Note* *' Switzerland and interior countries are allowed to 
export and import through an enemy's pons : but strid proof of pro- 
perty is reqtured :-— In doubtful cases, orders and the mode of pay* 
mcnt arc points necessary to be proved." 

8th Case. The Aq37ila, Lunsden master* November 27, 1798. 
A Ship and cargo found derelid at sea : the destination appeared to 
have been from Cadm ostensibly to Hamburgh : but in fad, as there 
was great reason to believe, to Amsterdam : the Ship had been restored 
as Swedish property : the cargo had been condemned as unclaimed. — 
Marginal Note. ** The rate of the salvage on dcrelid is in the dis- 
cretion rf the Court : the ancient Rule of granting a moiety dtjure 
to the finder has been over-ruied by the praAice of this century." 

9th Case. The Sakta Cruz, Picoa master. December 7, 1798. 
A Portuguese vessel taken by the Frencby and retaken by fnglisb 
cruisere, after being a month in the possession of the enemy : it was 
the leading case of several of the same nature, as to the general law of 
recapture between England and Portugal-— Mtfi'^W Note. ** The 
law of England, on recapture of property of allies, is the law of red- 
procity ; it adopts the rule of the country to which the claimant 

belongs." 

• nth Case. The Frederick Molkb, Boyscn master. Decern- 
ber 19, 1798.— A Danish vessel, taken coming out of Havre on the 
eighteenth of August, 1798, and bound on a voyage from Havre to 
the coast of Africa.— M^ir^iW Note. •< A vessel coming out of a 
blockaded port with a cargo, \a prima facie liable to seisure : if the 
cargo was taken on board after the commencement of the blockade. 
Ship and cargo will be liable to condemnation." 

15th Case. The Dauckebaar AFRiCAAN,^Smit master. De- 
«mber 19, 1798, A Dutch Ship, bound from Batavla to Holland, 



tt6 RATAL LITE&ATVKI. 

vid tak«ti on the sixteenth of Maichy 179^. On coming to the Cape 
of Good HojMy 4ciaim was given on the part ofGoetz and Vos, tnha* 
bitants of the Cape, and then become subje^ of the crown of Great 
Briuiii. The cargo had *been ddivered to them on bail to answer 
adjudication. — Marginai Note, ** Property sent from an hostile colony 
cannot change its nature m tramntu^ although theownerabecome British 
Sutje^ by capitulation before capture*" 

t6th Case* The HaasTSLDfi a^ D^ Koe master* July 1 7* 1 799* 
— A case of a nature similar to the Dankdar, but differing materially 
in the dates of some parts of the trmM€doB. '^Marginal NoUm " Hos* 
tilities against the Dutch, declared the fifteenth of September» 1795' 
arc applied retrospeflKely to property taken during the doubtful staJte of 
things that precedtd the declaration. A surrender by capitulation, is 
not tite voluntary withdrawing required by the proclamation to the 
Dutch." 

2 2d Case. The Two BaoTHBas» M'Qousky master. January 
II, 1799- This was the case of a Ship asserted to have been 
purchased in the enemy's country. — Marginal NoU, ** Suppression 
of papers is not a cause of condemnation in England ; but it raises 
great suspicion «- parties will not be allowed to say that they were only 
private papers." 

2jd Case. The Flad Oyen, Martenson master. January i6» 
1799. — An English prize Ship carried into a neutral country, and 
tltert; sold, unditrr a sentence of condemnation by the French CunsuL— 
Marginal Note. ** An English prize Ship taken to Bergtn, con- 
demned there by the Fix:nch Consul and sold, is not deemed to have 
been It gaily condemned in a neutral country. The Ship restored to 
the former owner on salvage." 

33d Case. The ^'iENToaf Cambell master. February 5, I799» 
An American Ship destroyed by Lis Majesty's Ships the Centurion 
and Vulture (part of Admiral Digby's squadron), cruising off the 
DckwaiTe in the year 1783, after the cessation of hostilities, but 
before that k£t had toxnc to the knowledge of either of the paities.-* 
Marginal Nole* ** The adual wiong-ilocr is the only person responsible 
in the Cotirt of Admiralty for injuries of seizure : a suit dismissed 
agninst the Admiral of the station, being not privy to the fadL" 

Dr. Robinson, at the end of this first part, has brought 
forward tlic following order of Court, (July 3, 1799,) with« 
out regard to its date ; that as a matter of public regulation, 
It might be inserted as early as possible. 

Thai in all motions for commissions, and decrees of appraisement and 
sale, the time shall be specified within which it is prayed that the 
commissions or decrees shall be made returnable. 



HATAL LtTt&lTinLV* tl^ 

That the Commlssioiien and Marshal make regular returns tnt tlie 
^fc^oa whicli their connnisstona or decrees are returnable, stating tlie 
p ro gi ^C M that has been made in the execution of the eomnusstoas or 
decreet ; and, if nccessarfy praying an enlargemeiat of the time £ir 
ooBQpletion of their business. 

That the Commissioners and Marshal bring in the proceeds whidi 
hxfc been coUeded at the same time with their retmns ; and that if 
the whole proceeds hate not been coUe^hed^ they retain only- such sums 
as may be required to answer accruing expences. 

That on the return of commissions or decrees> the Commissionen or 
the Manihift bring in aS Toudhers. 

That no cause shall be put upon the Kst for hearing* where any 
oommtsdoa or decree of appraisemeot and sale is otttstandiag« and Che 
proceeds not brought into the registry, without special apjdication to 
tlie Court to dispense with this order, according to the circuiBstaDcc 
of the case. 

£7oa^*/ AccoiaX of the Rustian Navy concluded in our uext^l 



9right-ey*d Fancy, bov'ris^ o'er, 

iicatters from her ptdhir'd Urn 

'I houghu that breathe, and Wordi that l>uni f Gaa f . 

Ma«BDITO«, 

I hopefOtt will GOiuider the Ibllowuig Ilaes, worthy a place in die Naval Chro- 
BJck : the errors proceed irom the transcriber, who copies from memurf . 

A CONSTANT READER* 

OM VIEWING THE WRECK OF THE AMPHION 
BLOVM UP AT PLYSf OUTH *• 

I. 

WHOE'ER thou art nvho range this rocky Aore* 
Or furl the sail, or rest the dashing oir ; 
Foibcar awhile your adive tasks to ply, 
And pause to vtewr this scene of misery. 
Ah ! think how late, those gallant sons of war. 
Claimed your reeped, by many an honour'd scar ; 
How late, Britannia's glory to sustain, 
They rode triumphant o'er the stormy Main : 
But Tate ordain'd ; and with a general sweep. 
They whirl in air^ then j4unge into the deep* 

♦ Vide page 197. 



sit NATAI. LITlftATOftg. 

II. 

Amphioii't noUe soiii» no longer now» 
Shall weave fresh garlaods for Britaonia'f brow ; 
Your pointed thundery now no more shall roar 
And carry terror to each hostfle shore* 
We mourn such honest zeal» and service lost. 
When Britain's rous'd» and needs such Service most* 
Ah ! what avail'd ity wheny with dreadful might* 
The gathering tempest howl'd^ and all was night ; 
Some pitying angel» vigilant to save* 
Hung o'er your sails, and smooth'd the swellii^ wave ; 
Or safe preserv'd you from the dread disease 
When feverish j^gue had fir'd the western breeze* 

lU. 

What time these seamen panted to engage 

When all the battle burst, in all its rage ; 

When dreadful flew each missive death aroundt 

And £cho trembling, caught the fearful sound ; 

Were they rcfus'd the privilege to die, 

Unburied on their native coast to lie i 

IV. 
Unfurl the sail ! the dashing oar then ply f 
Nor careless See a brother's corpse float by ; 
Stretch to his poor remains a friendly hand* 
In decent silence bear him to the land ; 
There in some haIlow*d spot behold htm laid* 
And sacred rights be to his memory paid* 
There shall the mangled Sailor peaceful rest. 
And the green turf lie lightly on his breast* 
But who shall dry a mournful widow's eyes* 
Or strive to soothe the hapless orphan's cries ^ 
Shall he who Britain's boldest foes withstood. 
Have his lov'd offspring beg their scanty food ? 

V. 

Or She, whose charms his gen'rous heart inspir'd* 

Whose love, his soul with noble ardour fir'd \ 

Whose fancied form made toil and danger light ; 

His song by dofy his svfeeieti dream by night : 

Shall she, of husband, joy, and love bereft* 

To sorrow, scorn, and .penury be left I 

Forbid it, Britons ! Oh then ye brave, and fair ! 

For sailor's orphans raise the anxious prayer ; 

Who ckitn our Nation's love, should feel its fostering care I, 



i 



WATAL LITIKATOKI* 31f 

THE BATTLE OF THE NILE. 

{ExtraSed from a Poem puhUshed by William Thomas 

FiTZGE&ALD, Esq.) 

NELSON'S attack, Hke the dread lightning's blast ! 
Rends the proud hull, and rives the tow'ring mast ; 
Whole sheets of flame on Gallia's host are driv'n. 
And vengeance thunders to approving heav'n ! 
That impious race, who dar'd deny their God« 
Now feel the scourge of his avenging rod ; 
Mad from despair they plunge into the wave. 
And seek the refuge of a wat'ry grave. 
One tow'ring Ship, the Gallic Adm'ral't boast ! 
Enwrapt in flames, illumines all the coast ; 
A blazing Pharos, it appear'd to be» 
Emerging from the bosom of the sea ] 
'Till with a blast, which se^m'd to rend the skieit 
The mighty bulwark into atoms flies ! 
A dreadful wreck 1 that covers half the flood. 
And dyes thy waters, Nik, wjth Gallic blood**-- 
An awful silence stills the lurid air. 
And horror checks the bowlings of despair* 
The foe, now finding all resistance vain. 
Struck his proud flag, and yielded up the main ; 
While Arabs, witness of the GauPs defeat. 
With shouts of triumph hail the British fleet ! 
As long as Egypt's pyramids shall stand, 
Long as the Nile shall fertilize her land ; 
So long the voice of never-dying fame 
Shall add to England's glory Nelson's name ! 

EXTRACT FROM THE EXILE, AN ELEGY, 

Sr JIf. G. LEWIS, £S^ M. P, 

FAREWELL 1 oh native Spain \ farewell for ever ! 
These banish'd eyes shall view thy coasts no more : 
A mournful presage tells my heart that never, 
Gonzalvo's steps again shall press thy shore. 

Hush'd are the winds ; while soft the vessel sailing 
With gentle motion plows th* unrufiled main ; 

I feel my bosom's boasted courage foiling, 

And curse the waves which bear me for frt>m Spain. 



J|S# VATAl. ItTKKATtMIB* 

I »fc It yet ! Beneath yon bluc-cIear hca/n. 
Still do tbe fprnes so vrcR-bekiV<f appear ; 

Fvpin yonder craggy point the gale of even. 
Still wafu my native accents to mine car. 

ProppM on some moRS-crown'd rock, and gaily vogio^^ 
There in the «in Kis nets the fisher dries ; 

Oft have I heard the plaintive ballad, bnngin^ 
Scenes of past joy before my sorrowing eyes.— 

Ah me ! bow oft will Fancy's spells m slumber, 
Recal my native Counuy to my mind ; 

How oft regret wiD bid me sadly nmnber, 

£acb lost delight, and dear fiieod left behind ! 

Wild Mvcia's vales, and lov*d romantic boweis 
The river oo wboae banks, a cb2d> 1 play*d ; 

S/!y Castle's ancient halls, its frowning towers^ 
Each mndi regretted wood, and welLknowtt gladcw 

Snt lb I the Sni^ beneath the waves rttuts ; 

Night spreads apace her empire to restore ; 
Clonds from my sight obscure the Village spires. 

Now scea bnt faintly, — and now seen no mote; 

Oh breathe not winds ! still be the water's motron ! 

Sleep, rfeep my bark in silence on the main ! 
So when to-morrow's light shall gild the Occafi, 

Once more mine eyes shall see the coast of Spain^ 

Vain IS the wish ! my last petitfon scorning. 

Fresh blows the gale, and high the billows swell ; 

Far sliall we be before the break of morning : 
Oh ! then for ever, native Spain, farewell ! 

60NNET, ON SEEING A SHIP ENTERING PORT, 

SHE comes majestic with her swelling saib. 
The g^nt bark ; along her wat'ry way. 
Homeward she dnves before the fav*ring gales ; 

Now floating at their length the streamers play ; 
And now they ripple with the ruffling breeze. ' 

Hark to their shouts of joy ! the rocks rebound, 

Thunsl'ring in echoes to the joyfol sound. 
Long have they voyag'd o*er tlie distant seas ; 

And what a hcart-delight they feel at last. 

So many toils, so nwiny dangers past. 
To view the wishV-for port, he only know!$. 

Who on the stormy seas for many a day 

Has tost, aweary of his ocean way. 
And watch'd all anxious every wind that blows. 



t «« 1 

. • • ■ .... 

ADMIIALTT-OFFICC, OCT. 2$. 
G^ tf m Xtetter fnm Cafttaim 7rvytdtH^ ^ his Afajtjly't Ship XevoIutioMditre^ t9 
Evan Xepeam, Esq, dated Cove^ IrtUnd^ 0£t, 1^% 179?- 
til, 
J^£R£WITH you will receive a copy^ of my Utter to Admiral Kin^ill, 
acqnainting him with my haTing captured I.e JBordelais French »hip pri- 
vateer, which I iacioie for their X^rdihips* informatioii. 

[ am, &c. THOMAS TWYSDEN. 

SIR, Hit Majttifi Ship KevduthiuAret Ctvtt JrtUtnd^ Oa. 15, 1799. 

I have the honour to mform you, that on the i ith intunt, the wind then 
blowing a heayy (rale from the S. S. W. we discoTered a ttrange sail to leeward* 
which we immediately pursoed. and had the good fortune to cs^ure, at five 
P. M. after a chace of 114 miles, in nine hours and a half: anr is called Le 
Bordelais, belonging to Bourdeaux, pierced for a6 guns, mounts ibloug twelve* 
pounders brass, with eight 36-pounder brass carronades, and 90% men, out 
nineteen days from Passage, and had captured one American ship» laden with 
tobacco, and one Portuguese ship, from Cork, with provisions. She ie a most 
beautiful new ship, well calculated for his Majesty's service ; was the largest, and 
esteemed the fastest sailing privateer out ol France : I send a copy of her di- 
inensioos for your information .•*! am, &c 

T. TWYSDEN. 

Length aloft, 145 feet— Ditto at gun-deck, 136— Breadth of beam, J3a-» 
Depth in hold, i^\ — .^dmeasures 6ao tons. 
Jideiiral KtHgimiUy t5*<r, \^e, 

Ofy §/d ZOitr/hmCaptstn BMflexv, •/his Majesty* s Ship PhAe,im E^m Nepeam^ 

Esq. daUd Cme •/ C»rky the i ^ib instmmU 

SIK, 

Pe pleased to inform their Lordships, that on the 1 ith instant, in latitude 
48 dcg >i, k>ngttude 24 deg. W. nis Maicsfy^s Rhip under my command 
captured the French privateer Lc Grand Ferrailleur, of 16 guns, bra-w six- 
poundcrs, mannec) wifn rii men. She had been out sixteen days from Bour- 
deaux, and had not taken any thing.--! am, &c. 

ROBERT BARLOW. 

ADMTRALTT'OrriCB, OCT. 26. 

C»py 9f a JLetter from Eear- Admiral Duck^wrih t9 Fvan Neptan^ Etq, dated Levia^ 

thuHy of Lisbon f the I^th imstamt. 

SIR, 

You will please to lay before my Lords Cbmmiwroners of the Admiralty the 
copy of a letter from Captain Brcnton, of the Fpeedy, relating tiie destia<Stpn 
of three .Spanish vessels he ehaced on the jd instant. It is but justice to this 
officer to observe, that his exertion^t and gallantry at all opportunities do him 
the highest honour.^— I have the honour to be, &c. 

J.J DUCKWORTH. 

SIX, SpeeSi at Sea, Oa. 4, 1 799. 

I have the honour to inform yon, that yesterday, whilst running through the 
gut of Gibraltar, in siffht of the Bf frish^cenvtyy. I oifaierved a number of small 
vessels, cDining out of Algtsiras, and concluded they wcro Spanish gun-boats 
endeavouring to cut off some of the merchant ships ; I therefore steered for 
them in order to keep them as far as possible from the body of the fleet, but 
upon our near approach, perceiving they were Spani«h coasters (eight in 
BumberJ, under the proteSion of a cutter and schooner, made all sail in chace, 
and soon separated the two f temmost from the body : they ran under the guns 
of a castle, which opened a fire upon us, and prevented our bringing them off. 
We continued the pursuit of the others, passing under the shot from innffe 
Castle, and at four P. Nf . came up with four more in a bay to the eastward of 
Cape Trafslguar \ one immediately anchored near a fort, and the ether three 

Sol ill. 9 Q 



221 eAZETtB tSTTliltt 

under a ctitle which had one g;an mounted : u it hiew very heavy from the 
eastward, and heing on a lee ahore, we ooM nit go as near them as I cob1<I 
wish, hut anchored within four cablta Umgtll, and bringing our gvns to bear 
upon the castle which appeared to be in a very ruinous state, and did notretnra 
our fire) and the vessels, in a short time com|fet]ed the Spaniards to abandon 
them all, first cuttinr their cahles, by which meant they drove oii Adre. T 
then Kent Lieutenant Parker to endeavmir to bring them- off. and abortly after 
Mr Marshall (the Master to assist : or, if that was not pradlcable. to set them 
en fire ; neither of which coutd be eifefted from the heavy lurf, brealciag endndy 
ever them, and rendering our approach dangerous to the boets. They, noaravcr, 
boarded them, brought away seme ef their fire-ofms, threw die remaiMler oviA^' 
board, leaving them full of water, and complete wrecks. One vessel was laden 
with braudr and paoer, one with £iigltahmainifadlttre»(aitl6ry,1iardwa9e,-&c.) 
and the third in baiiast i beg leave Co ezprew the htfh satitfi^dioQ I Deceived 
from the cdndud of ieu^enaot Parhor, in bearding; the veaael eader the walk' 
of the castk^hile exposed to musketry from the beaeh SJ^ of Mr. Rkkete^' 
the Purser, who was a volaBtecr upon that service. The attentieii of M(w 
Xlafshali, the ..'.aster, to the anchoring hit Majesty's sloop, and the abb 
astrstjcice have rtteived from him upon former occaajont, itnders htm weitiiy- 
of the fiiUcst confidence. 1 have the honour to be, &c 

J. BR£NTOK. > 
Mear-Admirdl Dwcl^w^rtb, \^e. 

-iDWiaALTT-OVriCE, OCT. 16. 

« 

Cff/j **f « L<HerfT»m Captain /f. Di^iy, Commamdtr of hit Majt^yt Ship Alcmene^ 
to the Earl of .St. rmccnt, K B. Admiral of the IVbite, \^t, dated in the 7^p»i, 
the $d ef Augttit 1 7;)9 . 

MY LORD, 

1 have the honour to acquaint you, that I captured on the Xst uTt. the Deux 
Amis French brig letter of msirmie, of ^ix gvns, and (o Men, bdbnd to St^ 
Domingo, from France. I have the hokiour to be, dU. • 

H. DI6BY. 

ADMIR ALTT-OrriCB, KOV. 5.' 

Ci,fiy •/ a letter from tie Right Hon. Lord Bridj>9rt, X. B. Admrai ofOt WlnU^ 

tT'f. to E'oan Nepcan^ B»q. dated Torhaj, ^ instanL 

Inclosed is a copy of a letter from Captain Yorke, of his Majetty*t ship 

Stag, infermikig me with his having captured L'Heureuz privateer letter of 

|iiarque, which is .transmitted for their lordships' information. 

' I have the honour to be, A:c 

BRnDPORt. 

MT 1 R D, Stag^ Plymouth Sound, OJh a6. 

On (l*c i^th instant, and in the latitnde of the entrance of the Gat'OiMie, lobg* 
4 (^eg. W , Cambrian iti company, we fell i^ with two lail, to which immediaic 
tliace was given ; one, l/i.eureax privateer letter of m^^wt^ carrying ten 
Irars sixes, from Cayenne to Bonrdeaux, laden with red dye, cdtton^ coc*a, 
roHVc, snd £ugar, ^c wa« taken poaseiaion of by the Stag i tiie echei*, a latfc 
Bourdeaux yrivarcer,- of 26 guns, outward-bound, on a cniise, was left to the 
better sailing, an^ 1 trust good fortune of the Cambrian.— I am, &c. 

. . J. 8. YQRKB. 
AnMiKaLTv^orneB, Hov. s6. 
dfy of A Lettrrfrom the Bf^hi Hon, Lord Nefswy K. B. Mteat'Ad^tra ^ the R^, 
mtd Commanding Offter tfbii Mtijettff Sbtps dnd Vatdi in the MeXterrmitdn^ U 
Bvan Nepeany Etq. dated Pdermoy tit O&oh^ 1799. 

SIR, 
I have desired Commodore Trowbridge to send yon, for the information of 
tht'ir 1 ord.vhips, extrad^of all his letters to mc, with the terms entered into 
with the French for the evacuation of the city of Rome and Civita VcctWa ; 
on which event I ^nccrcly congratulate their Lordships, and am. Sir, witJti 
great reaped, &c. NEI^IOJI, 



tiJiZZTjr^ LETTERS. %2j^ 

. lit, Civiia FeeehUi OB. 5, 1 799. 

1 %m to request 70V will inform their Lord»hip9» that I took possession of 
Citha Vccchia, iJometo, and Tolfia, on the 29th and 30th ult with xoomarinei' 
^d teamen of the Culloden and Minotaur, and have already embarked and 
scot off near 3000 of the enemy. I now wait for transports to get off the 
Hnainder, which \ suppose 2000 more. 

General Bouchard takes possfssion of Rome at the same time, by the same 
treaty ; at] public property to be restored, i heir Lordships may rely on every 
exertion on my 'part to put the capitolatioil in full force, and trust I shall sue- 
^oeed. I have the honour to be, &c. 

^VM Nepean, Esf. . T. TROWBRIDOH. 

SIR, CivHv Fecfbia^ Off, $t 1799. 

Tn obedience to order frocH I^ord Nelson, I have the honour to send you, for 
their Lordships* information, a copy of the articles of capitulation I have made 
with the French General Guroier, to clear the Roman State. As I knew t|ie 
French had all the valuables of the Rdman State packed up ready £^ embark' 
in?, and the .coast at Civita Vecchia forming a deep bay, with hara W. S. W. 
i^es and heavy seas, which prevented the blockade from being so close as was 
necessary to prevent the enemy from carrying off those truly valuable articles : 
i therefore tnought it best to grant the liberal terms I have, to get them out of 
this country, where they have committed every excess possible. 

I trust what I have done may meet their Lordships* approbation. 

I beg you to repre^nt to their I ordships, that I received every assistance from 
Ciiptain Louis, who went to Rome and arranged the evacuation, and taking^ 
pio«>ession of that place, with General Bouchard, with great ability and exertion^ 
and much to my satisfa^ion. 

I have the honour to be< &c. 

Eman Ns^», Esq. T. TROWBRIDGE. 

ADMII^LTt^-Orr^Ck, ROY. 16. . 

tfy rf a letter from Caffaim John Tst^ot, Commander . of his Majesly^^i Ship 
EurytSee, to Evan Neptan, Esq. dated the iztb instant, 

SIX, 
*. I have the honour to acqnaiBt you, for the information of the Right Honour- 
able the Lords Commiuioners of the Adinlralty, that I sailed from hence at one 
o'clock A* M. on Sunday the loth instant, and was forced to return this day from 
the badoeH of the weather. At nine the same morning I sailed, Beachy Head 
y. W« by N. three leagues, a schooner was seen from us close to a brig. On 
^9^g the £tirydice the schooner stood to the S« W. and the brig hove to and 
(oisted hf4 ensign union downward ; I hauled up and q>Qke her i she told me 
that she hf^4 been attacked by the schooner, and that one of her men was very 
^dly woupdcd. I sent a boat with the surgeon on board, and made sail after 
the privateer* At eleven I saw his Maiesty's sloop Snake on our lee- bow ; 
teeing us, she hauled up, and joined in the .chace. At three o'clock the priva- 
teer, niiding Ch^tthe Eurydtce was nearly within g^n-shot, and coming up with 
her very fast, bore up, and attempted to cross the ifnake, which she was not able 
to e6V^, from the good' management of Captain Lewis : she then lowered her 
«»i1% and was taken possession of by him. The privateer proved to be 1/Hi- 
rondelle, mounting 14 three and four-pounders, 50 men, and commanded by 
Pierre Mcrie Dugerdin, belonging to Calais, from whence he sailed on Saturday 
tnoming ; had taken notfaitig this cruise. One of the crew I found to be an 
£ngli^maa, and have confined him till their Lordships' pleasure is made known 
Co me. f am sorry to add, that the furgeon has been obliged to take off the arm 
of the man that was wounded in the brig ; he is now on board of the F.urydice^ 
and hope from the skill and great attention of Mr. Pardie, the surgeon, that he 
wi\i (H> well. The brig is called the Liana, of Sunderland, bound to Ports- 
mouth, ladeo with coals. Great credit is due to. the master aod crew for the 
cesittanoe they nude to so superior a force. 

1 havd the honour to be, &c. 

J. TALBOT. 



U4 GAztTTI LtTTEKf. 

ADMTRALTT-orrice, MOV. s6» 
£)itra& 9/ a LttUrfrom Lord yiuottnt Duncan, Admiral oftbi tf^Htt t^f. U £<b# 

Ntjttan^ Esq. dattd at Tarmouti, tht lAih uutani, 
• I transmit, for the information of the Lords CommissioDers of the Admiraltf r^ 
a letter \ have received from JJeutenant Searle, conunaoding the Courier 
cutter, whom I had ordered to rccenDoitre the ooi tt of Helvoet and Flmhing^ 

Sivinjr an account of hit having; taken and brought in here, L.c Gnciicr cutter, 
elonging to Dunkirk, of superior force, and have no doubt this officer's gal* 
lantry and good londu^A, on the present as well aa former occasions, wilTre* 
coqimend him to their Lordships' attention. 

MV LORD, Courier, Tarmoutb XeaJj, AVv. 14. 

T have the honour to acquaint your Lord^Iiip, that in pursuance of your order* 
of the a I St instant, I proceeded to sea, and at five P. M. on the day following 
observed a suspicious sail bringing to a bark, when 1 hauled my wind to speauc 
them, and in pAssing the latter was informed the chace was an enemy, f imme- 
diately madi ul! possible sail after her, and had the good luck to come op with 
her next mornmg at nine A. M. Lowcstoffe N. W by W. ten or twelve leagues, 
when after a close adion of fifty minutes she struck her colonrs, and proved to 
be Le Guerier cutter privateer, mounting 14 guns, four-pounders, witli44 men, 
commanded hy Citizen Felix L. Sallcmand, out five days from Dunkirk, and 
had captured the Nile brig, of London, laden with coals. 

I think it my duty to notice to your Lordship, I received every assistance and 
support from Mr. Morgan, the Mate, and the rest of the ship s company ; ac 
thi- same rime I have to lament the loss of Mr# Stephen Marsh, the Master, 
\^ho was killed st the commencement of the adion, and two men wounded. 
I'hc loss on the part of the enemy was four killed and six wounded. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

T. SEARI^E. 

Cofy o/a ZetUr/rom VU^^Admiral Lut-.i-iif^^e^ Commander in Chief of bit Majesty** 
iilij>s opd y*iieii in tbg Deums, ta Evan Kepean^Esq. dated the %^tb inttatU. 

SIR, 

Indeed I trenrmit, for their Lord&hips' information, a letter from LievtenanC 
Youno:, commanding the Ann cutter, giving an account of his having captnrcd 
a Kmall privateer.— 1 am, &c. #cc. &.c. 

S. LUTWIDGE, 

• 

SIR, Ann Cutter, Dervns, JV«tr. 15. 

I beg leave to acquaint you, that on the evening of the ant instant, after • 
chace of five hours. Beach v Head bearing N. N. £ disunt three or four leagues, 
1 captured I e 1 etit Diable French cutter privateer, Monsienr Simon Roberc 
i>altitat, Commander, out two days from Dieppe, with small arms only, jtod 
ei)?.ht men on board, the remainder having bcrii »eiit in a light sloop, cvt oat off 
Seaford Roads en the night of the 20th iitstant,ai>d sent for France. 

1 have the honour to br, &c. 

K. \OUNGy Lientenant. 

AUMiR.\LTv-orPicr., NOV. 3c. 

Ccpy- »f a JLeiter frtm Lievtsnanl Bi.nd, cttmuiandm^ his MaJeOy^s S d m rn er Netley^ 
te Evan Kepean^ E*q. dated Oporto, 0^. 17t 1799* 
SIR, 

I leg leave to inclose a copy cf a letter written by me to the Earl of ?t. 
V;n<ent, hy which my 1 ords ( tnmisfioKers cf the Admiralty will receive 
infGrmaiion cf the capture of a Sp»ni h schoon«^ privateer and her prize, by hia 
hi 3ji sty's schooner under my command. 

I have the honour to be, Ice. 

F. G. BOND. 

M 7 10 » S» Nft/iy, Oporto, OB, 17. 

T have the honour to acquaint yeur I ordrhip. that on the 14th. close in witli 

Vigo, the Nctley recaptured a brig f rem (.ibt altar, laden with brandy* B]r 

drefping the boat,and ccntinuipg under a | ressof fail, we were enabled to cut 

off the privAtecr from Bayccce, with the fc^rt cf which vv e exchanged several 

I 



CAtBTTt LETTSIS. H^ 

ktkot. dhe proTcd a Spanish schooner belonj^ing tor l^urov, and catiei"- 
El Orcly y I09 Tr« Amigos, mounting: four carriage guns and four brass thrcc- 
t>ounders on swivels, with a complement of 5 a men.— The prisoners exceeding 
the number of our remaining crew, I judged it expedient to land them at thia 
pbce, where they have been delivered to the Spanish Consul, and thb'ntcesBarf 
Receipt for them obuined. — I have the honour to be, &c. 

F. G. BONO. 

MxtraSl 9/ a LttUrfrtm Viet' Admiral Sir Ttmas Jpaiity, Bart. Commander in Chief 
of bis Majesty'* Ships and Fesiels at FlymutSh, /« £van Nepean^ Eiq. dateS 
JVmt. 27. 

The Hope Khooner arrived laitt evening with the small French lugger prl- 
irateer mentioned in the inclosed letter from Lieutenant Frissell. 

«i a, Hu MajeOyx Hired Lugger Fanny , Nov. a I, 1 799, at Sea. 

The Start bearing N. N. W. fifteen leagues, I saw two sail to windward, 
which 1 perceived to be an English schooner in chace of a French lugger, then 
nmoiog before the wind» and upon my hoisting French colours thejugger kept 
for OS. At eleven o'clock A. M. we fired two shots at the lugger, when sho 
immediately struck, and proves to be a French privateer belonging to Granville* 
armed with swivels ana small arms, and 23 men j out one day ; had taken 
nothing. — 1 am* &c. 

Sir Thomas Pailey, Bart. W. FRI3SEIX. 

Copytf a Letter from Fue- Admiral Luttuidge,, Commander in Chief if hi* JitfaJeUy's 
Sh^s and yeueU #» the Dozvas^ to Li^n N^ean, Ss^. 
FIR, Nov. aS. 

I herewith transmit to yov, for the information of mv Lords Commissioners 
«f the Admiralty, a letter from Lieutenant Lanynn, of the Kent hired cutter, 
acquainting me with his having captured, on the aSth instant, a small French 
lugger privateer.— I am. Sir, &c. 

SKEFFINGTON LUTWIDGE. 

SIB, ffu Majeiiy's Hhrfd Cutter Ken*, Dovrnt, Nov. a8, 1799. 

I beg leave to acquaint you, that on the a6th instant, the North Foreland 
bearing W. by S. five leagues, at eight P. M. I fell in with, and captured, a 
French lugger privateer, from Calais, called the Four Brothers, Citizen Charles 
Desobier, Capuin, carrying four guns four pounders, besides swivels and small 
arms, and 24 men ; had been out of Calais one day, and had not taken any vessel ; 
and have sent the privateer to Ramsgate. 1 have the honour to be, &c. 

W. LAN YON. 

ADUIftALTT OrriCt, DBC. 7. 

Cepy ofm Letter from Admiral Lord Viieount Dmuan, to Mvan Nepean^ Esq, dated 

Yartnouth, the jd instant. 

nt, 

I transmit, for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, 

a letter from Capta:n Punbar,of his Majesty's sloop Driver, giving an account 

t>f his havfaig captured and brought in here this morning Le Barras schooner 

privateer, belonging to Dunkirk, manned principally with Danes and Swedes. 

I am, &c. DUNCAN.- 

MT LOID, Driver^ Yarmouth Roads^ Dec. 3. 

The early return of his Majesty's sloop under my command to this anchorage^ 
from the service Ae was employ wd upon, has been occasioned by my wish to 
land 57 French prisoners that composed the officers and crew of a very fine 
vchooner piivateer Le Barras, of 14 guns, belonging to Dunkirk, out four days 
from Ostend, commanded by Citizen Fromemin ; which vessel I captured (the 
Vigilant hired higgerin company) on the 3Cth ult. ten leagues N. W. of the 
1 exel. 1 am happy to add she had only made one prize, the Jane of Hull, from 
Sunderiand, with coals for Embdcn ; the master and part of the seamen 1 found 
on board the schooner, making in all 67 in number. 

f have the honour to be, &c. 

J. DUN5AR. 



li^ GAzSTTE LtTTSJli. 

t • •• 

(C^py»f « Letter from AJmrul Lord Duncan, to Evan Nie/ean, Msf» daiidtmnuJif 

Roadj, 4tJ^ Dtt. 

SIR, 
I take*great plcaiore in tranimltting to you, for the tafonmtion of the Lordf 
Cumniissioners of the Atltniraltjr, a letter 1 have just received from Capuia 
Temple, of his Majesty's aJodp Jaloufte,?ivIn? an aocouatof his having captur<:<i 
the i^PCQch Jugger privateer the FantaHie, belonging to Ouakirk, which I had 
fi;nt him in que>t of on the 24th of last month, and have no doubt the uniform 
real and exertion of thu officef will mcot witll due atteotioB frem their Lord* 

Alps— «I am, ^c 

DUNCAN. 

afT LORD, • yalwut ai Sea, Hov. .^O.^ 

Yesterday 1 had the ^ood Ittck to fill in with the pdvatcer yoiir Lordship 
ient me in <yiest of, and after a diace of. five hours I captured her.. She it 
a new copper-bottomed luKger, of 14 guns «iid 60 men, catlod the Fwitaaie, of 
Bunkirk, and had the day before taken four laden coUiecs, ck>te id with Flam- 
hrfi* Hrad. I daccrmined to get lowavds OsUod, and this day I rdoak the 
Sally of Lynn, one «f h«r prises ; «he others I ha;ve great hopes «f falling in 
with. I feel great pleasure in having rescued four ma«tert, an I thirty4lve 
British seamen, from the hprrors df a Fccn^ prison. The lugger is^ust refitted, 
well stored, cost 3600I. sterling, and I thixik well calculated lor bu Majesty's 
service. — i have the honour to be, &c. 

J. TEMPi'B. 

Mncloiure from VH«-JUmrtd- LtUnmig*^ ' C o mv md§$.in Chief tf hfi Majesty's Sbifi 

and F'essels in the Downs ^ Dec, 3. 

STKy Raeoon^ Downs, Dee. 3. 

1 beg leave to acquaint you, that yesterday morning at day-IiG:ht, Portee 
£. S. K. ( fdl in- with a French lugger. privateer, to which I immediately gave 
chafe, and an hour after I had the satis^«^on to capture her. She proves to be 
IsdVi'd'i Decide, of 14 guns, four swivels, and 30 men (nine of whom had been 
left on shore when she saiicdl, fonimandcd by Citicea Desgafdri, belongs to 
Boulogne, out thirty hours, in company with thcee others, and had not taken 
any thing. His Majesty's ship Cormorant was in sight, and joined in the chacc. 

I have the honour to be, Ac. 

T» S. Lutunefge, £ty, Fue.jtdm. t^c. R. LLOYD. 

Cofy of m Letter frous Vice^Admiral Lttttoufge to JSvau Ntftm^ Ssj, dated the 

StAiMi. 

1 have the pleasure of trinsmitting, for the information of my Lords Com- 
ini'-sionersof the Adniiralty« a letter which 1 have received from. Captain Llc^fli 
of his 'A/lajcsty's sloop Racoon, giving an account of his having captured 00 the 
3d in St. 1/intrepide French privateer, of 16 guns and 60 men, belonging to 
Calais. Tht: Racoon anchored . in the J>own& this morning ; Rod I have the 
, lati&fadion of learning from Lieutenant Coxweil, that the wound which CsptaiQ 
I.loyd haj received In the head from a half pike is not dangerous. He also 
informs mc, that soon after the adlion the Stag cuuer joined, and went in^^r- 
Attit of the brig mentioned in Captain Lloyd*sTetter. 

• 

81 R, JlacoMf Dover Roads t Def- 4< 

Ibcg leave to ac<^uaint you, that yesterday, at ten P. M. Dover north about 

fve or six miles, I observed a lugger board a brig ; I spon discovered her to 
an enemy, and made all sail in chace ; after a running fire of about forty 
jluiiiutcs I laid her alongside, when we were received with a smart fixe from the 
.c&nnon ajid&mall arms, which was immediately returned with success. Findini^ 
.thcmfccives unable to make any further resistance, bowsprit and foremast gone, 
they thought it fii to strike, the proves to be L'lntrcpidc, of Calais, mounting 
lO giins and* 60 men, quite new, commanded by Citizen £aillard, sailed from 
Boulogne four o'clock yc&tcrday cveuing. 1 feel m/self much indebted to 
Lieutenant Crtxwcll v the .only commissioned Officer I had on board) for the great 
as is ai>ce '■ rt* celved from him, as well as the other Officers and men for thrlr 
Bitcciibu in obeying my orders. U is with s&ti»fad;oii I have to state (through 



Trondenet) that thete is only one raan wounded* and myself slightly. Tke 
BtiTatecr has' lost thirteen in killed and wounded. T am sorry to state that the, 
»r1g captnred was the Welcoznbe, from London to Plymouth, with malt ; and 
it was out of-Tiy powrr to pursue her, as I must have lost my foremast, all my 
foTeshrouds being gone on the starboard side. It gives mc particular pleasure . 
to have deprivea the enemy of a vessel which they considered the largest and 
|>ett sailer from Calais ; and ha^ve the honour t(^ be, &c» 

R. LLOYD* . 
To S, ZtOwidgt, Ssif. Tt, A, pf the Redy t^c. 

•la, AtaUttU^ at Sea, Decx 4. 

I have the hoAdur fo acquaint yon, that this morning, at half past eieht, I 
olMerved a lugger in the' ^. W. jiovering'i'ound and boarding a brig, to which I . 
rive imfOedtate chace ; finding we zHht rapidly up, she cast off* the tow-rope, 
pad at a quarter past eleven, I sent the Master In the jolly-boat, without 
iMfaiving-to, to talce possession of the brig, left without a soul on board, and 
footinued the chace of the privateer, then four or five miles ahead ; at four 
P. M. in a fair chace I had thef satisfadlion to conje up with and take her ; Le 
8ncecs, of Boulogne, Francois Matthieu Blondin, "Taster, mounting six carriage 
-gtttfs, and 48 men, sit days from Boulogne, and taken jiothing else. I found the 
frew of the prtz^pn board, and* learn her to be the Martha or London, Edward 
|^cii^g!'Oftr^'T'aster,froA London, bound to Belfast, laden with sundries, ukcA 
by the privateer last nighl tothtf wMl^HWd of Z>iiMg«fMs. 

rhav€ th€ hoBAWtolM, Ac. 

9V FUl^Adtahal iMmUfi, t^t. A. J. GRIFFITHS^ 

AOMiaALTT OTflCC, DEC. !•• 

^xtraSt pf a LeUer fntm ■F'm AJmiroL Ltfttvid^,' Commandtr in Chief of kiM 
Jlfa^eifJ t Shift and rtsuls in the Dnvni, t$ Evan ffepenn^ £sf. dated tie %th intt,- 

Lieutenant Wildey, in the Camperdown cutter, has anchored in the DownSy 
mnd daltvtred Co m» the inclosed letter,r stating his havtsg captured yesterday 
evening, and sent into Dover^ Le Republicaine French privateer, with twenty 
bScIi Mu sniali ttttiM* 

81 K, Camperdovffi Cutter, at Sea» Dee, y. 

ht pvrsfianee 6f ysttrofd^rs of the 16th ult. 1 beg leave to inform you, for the 
information of the Iiords Commi^ioners of the Admiralty, at ei^ht P. M. 
I fbll k with and captured, close to the South Foreland, the Republicaine French 
pfSvateer lugger, burthen twelve tods, from fioulopne, Citoyen Jean Batiste 
Carre, Commander, carrying twenty men, with smiul arms, &c. had made no 
cipttires whatever, having slnled in the afternoon. 

I have the honour to be, &c. &c« 
tiee-A'dhiiral iuivndgt, f:fe, H£NRV WILDEY. 

A»iiiftA^TV^>rpton9 »no. lO. 
Cpfj of a Letter f rem Fice^Admifok Sit Thmaoi Feuiej, Baft, CHUmaadkr in Chief tf 
ka Majfetf-t 6hi/t aitd f^ni^ft at Ptywitatti <» B^euot^ Nefmrn^ £pf. d&tedthe ttb 
instant, 

tVH, 

Herewith I have the tttiifiiAlMi to transmit to you, Ibr then- Lordships* 
infomuttoit, tWo letters that I rcceiyed fro^i Lieutenant Tomlinson, command- 
iag his Majasty^e hirod ArMed Schdluier the Speedwell, stetttg his hiving, ii£. 
company with the Vaiiast lugger, commanded by Lieotentnt Maxwell, cap- 
tured the two French privateers therein mentioned ; on which occasipna much 
jtfi^ &s dtte to ebeae QVkitn fot tJleir vigilant and idert coodu^ 

' I'he SpMdwtU and Valiant airivdd last nighc with their priies. 

^ And the May brig belonging to' Gmensaey, that had been captured by the 
Providence French privateer on the 3d instant* and recaptured the following 
mcMiing by hasiV:ajcsty's sltop Svifiaante off the Isle of Bat, arrived here last 
evewB|^ S and the Price Master informs me he left the Svflisante in chace of the 
prlvaEeelri With tvcry ptpspc<& of speedily coning np with her. 

' I am, ^c. 1 HO. PASLEY* 



3i8 OAZBTTS LETTBIS* 

1 have the honour to inform yon, that I hkve this day, the Valiant io com* 
pany, tjland of Guernsey bearing S. E. di»tant five leagues aifter a chace of six 
nourt, captured I/Heureuse ^upcrance French lugger privateer, of St. Maloes, 
mounting 14 three-pounders, eight of which were thrown overboard before we 
came up with her. She had on ooard but twenty-four men, having manned four 
prizes since the commencement of this cruise. A brig belonging to £eanmari» 
•he took this morning after a considerable resistance, I am in hopes to fall ia 
with before abe reaches the French coaat. I remain, &c &c. &c. 

ROBERT TOMLINSON. 

am, SpeedxotUtti Sea^ Dee. ^»' 

T have the honour to Inform you, that 10 addition to our success of yesterdayy , 
we have this evening, the Valiant in companv, a|id Swin Islands bearing aouth ' 
abwut two miles, after a chace of nine hours (the last hour and ten minutes being 
91 running fight) captured a French brig privateer, of 14 &ix-pounders, and 58 
men, called L'Heureuse Speculateur, of Granville, Citisen Louis Joseph <^uo- 
niam, Commander. She his been out four days without taking any thing. 
She is a remarkable fast sailer, and has done a great deal of mischief to the 
English trade. The enemy had a man killed and seven wounded, without, I am 
happy to add, having done us any damage. I am, &c. 

ROBERT TOMLINSON. 

AniiiRAtTVH>rrici, Die. I4« 

Copy of a Letierfrmm John Thomas Dtukwo$4h, £sm. XHir-AAmrMioftbe fTbiie, U 
Evam No^am, Esf. dated oh board bu MajeOfi Ship Xr?M«iM, Foiri MaUm^ the 

ZdSept. 1799. 

sia, 
1 inclose, for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, 
■ list of prizes captured by the squadron employed at Minorca, between the 
zd of AiUgust and tne 4th of September, 1799. 

I have the honour to be, ftc. &c. J. T. DUCKWORTH. 

Xl:/ 0/ fesseh eapturediy the Squadron employed at Aftmorea hetveea the zdofAapui 

and the J^h of September, 

Brig laden wirh salt; taken by the Powerful, Majestic, and Vanguards 
MasttT and ctcw dcvertcd 

Zcbcc Nn. 25 , from Tarragona bound to Barcelona with 4000 reams of paper 
on account of the King of Spain ; taken b) the boats of his Majesty^s ships Van« 
guard and Zealous. 

Lattccn sail vessel (No. 1 9\ from Tarragona bound to Barcelona, laden with 
paper, wine, and corn ; taken by ditto. 

i.attecn sail vessel, from Toitola bound to Barcelona, with pine tinaber for 
ahips or building ; captured by .ditto. 

Single lattcen sail boat, laden with whejikt ; taken by the Vanguard : boat 
being old« let go with the passengera and old men. 

single lattcen sail-decked boat, quite new (No. 184), from Tarragona bound 
to Barcelona, with 130 quarters of wheat ; taken by the Zealous. 

Single lattecn sail-bo<it with 160 quarters of wheat ; taken by the Zealous : 
boat being old, ict go with the old men, passengers, and boys. ' 

J. T. DUCKWORTH. 

Copy if a Letter from Lieuiemaat Bond, eomma/t^tig his Majesty* s Schooner Netley^ ta 

S^oM Nepea*i £if. dated of Lishftt^ Nov. 4S. 

SIR, 

I have just time to communicate to my Lorda Commistionersof the Admiralty, 
the arrival of his Majesty's schooner Ketley off this port vith two Spanish 
lugger privateers taken on the 14th instant, and on this day; also a lugger taken 
ou the a4th by his Majesty's ship Ca«tor in sight of the Nctley, with which I 
bure up from Oporto, agreeable to written orders from Captain Gower. The 
WaUingham packet is this moment under our stem, which will be a sufficient 
a}>ology for the brevity of this letter. On my arrival at l^isbon, I shall do 
my^lf the honour of transmitting the particulars of my proceedings, with thfi 
account of two additional recaptures of origs from Newfoundland. 

I have the honour to be, &c. F. 6. BQNI>« 



[ «9 3 



LIST OF 
FOSr CAPTAnrS, commanders, and LIEUTENANTSj^ 

Wb* bavt Stm mmb *mu the Coameitemmt vf tb* Ttear 1799, ^ith tb^ DaUt 

^ their Cammtnmu 



1 


POST CAVTAINt. 




mmhv* 


SmkrHf, 


mamu 


Smnrny* 


Wm Cmvkj. 
Thonas MUbf t 


fd Jamary 
aid Ditto 


Jamca Onrald^ 


3d septeaa. 
3d nitto 


Timet 0*Bi7«a» 
UvidLIojrd, 


i4ihFebniai7 


yraocta Tescy, 


I6th Ditto 


Itt March 


Hmry Garrettf 


i6rh Ditto 


^nUm teadcrte. 


tat Ditto 


Natkaalel Vordosk, 


adth Ditto 


Mcbar^ »aw»i 


tad Ditto 


Walter Bathurat, 


a^th OAober 


KkfettTi Ba|«Btc» 


aiat Apia 


Adam Dmmoiondi 


3ocb Ditto 


Jote MMkallar, 


aTth Ditto 


kigkc Hod. Lord WflDni 9outl% 


oth Norem. 
ifei Ditto 


jMMi Oil|lltB% 


itth May 


Bokcrt Han, 


eaont Barker* 


Ml jufid 


Tbomaa 9parin« 


3d Decern. 


aicterdWIIInWv 


aTtli Juiie 
agth Juae 


Kobert Llnydf 




Mlcbad ><alt*>7« 


William Groavciior, 


VaftkMti 


WiUUm Graatcr, 


sad July 


Adrian kcnon. 


Jebo Chsmbcn WfetaB^ 


ad AuBHtt 


Sir Jowph Xyics, Xat. 


Oarlet Cu»pbe% 


ad Ditto 
9odi Ditto 
ad Septcm. 


John Ckaartiyrc, 


George White, 


Tkcanai Wlttowraaia Cteytoe, 


Adem Msckeaate» 






* 


COMMANDXBi: 


• 


fidip Bowci Ten ■nksi 


ad JaonaiT 


Ckwfca UpkimGOM^ 


i4tk Atftaac 


Jiobcn niipnt, 


7 


Gaorpe Kom. 

JohndBMlia^BottCtt, 


t9Ch Ditto 


riMdi WUUani AWttB, 


> jd jamniy 


a9th Di to 


Jeho Wutworih Loriai^ , 


J 


Henry Weat, 


30th Ditto 


lin« Couttt Cnwibrtf, 


14th rebmaiy 


Jamcattaae, 
George Ralph Ciglftv« 


ad kcpcaai. 


Joeeyh Baker. 


lat Marck 


3d Ditto 


JataHey«M 
iMDiyMfltMNi, 


iR Ditto 


Heory Compton 


3d Ktto 


ud Ditto 


WiUiam Ooam 


IfiCb Ditto 


lames Andrew W<onB» 

tcMK TIlMBfCOB, 


agrk Ditto 


Wiliam tyme. 


I6th Ditto 


joili*Diiia 


WiUiam Bickett*, 


ajd Ditto 


tomiiel Campbell Bo»ky» 


Ml April 


David Gilmowi, 


adih Ditto 


WhaMelhuUit 
nUpHM, 


Sth Ditto 


Henry tcitarc. 


7thOAabcr 


lytb Ditto 


vilfam Parktfv 


icth Ditto 


Tbomaa Ceone Owrtbiid, 


aoth Diteo 


Jamca Dalrympik. 


1401 Ditto 


lelm Wloae, 

BMOdey Ma kworA mci« 


aiat Ditto 


wlUam Wood seiriMnao, 


I4ih Ditto 


af« Ditto 


Bridgea Watklncoa Taylor, 


17th D.tto 


GciMVe LcQCt 


ajd Dicto 


Bdward JckyU Canes, 
Xdward Tkoffobiouck rariur« 


aad Ditto 


JOMWIqrle, 


a4th IMtto 


astb Ditto 


Samuel Moiflejr, 


aoik Ditto 


Aiexaodar Meae, 


ifiti Norcm. 


O«or«e OfiMlv, 


aptk Ditto 


George Miner, 


ISth Ditto 


Thnoa» D'jvall, 


4tbMay 


WiUiam rrcnck. 


i9Ch Ditto 


Min Haward, 

MwaM Walpole Bra«rM» 


astb Dit«9 1 


Marcna tamocl HU, 


ifCk Ditto 


af m Juoe 
Jflk Dluo 


Tkoma* Searle, 


a6hC>tto 


George Jardlne, 


George BJake, 


asth Ditto 


Jahtoe) Bremao, 
fhilipraccy. 


asthMsto 


Cdward Saeyd Chf« 
Andrew Biowa, 


3d Dercm. 
6rh Ditto 


adik Ditto 


Jonn Bum, 


lith Ditto 


jfllm UttJe, 
Cbaitaa DaabtPOQdt 


ad Aucait 


William PonW) 


iSth Ditto 


Jd Ditto 


Charlea Hay, 


adik Ditto 


Henry Coai»e, 


•ik Ditto 


Thoiaaaklchbcll, 


7 


Lucioi Hai^xmaD* 


8ib Ditto 


John Richard*, 
TbamMlaaoH 


Va«k Ditto 


tVUitam luadway BufelBMBi 


latb Ditto 


3 




tlBUTl 


BNANTt. 




llianaa Bartoe, 


i«t Tamufy 
4tft Ditto 


Charfca Ckampioa, 


5th Peferaaiy 


loHaBarta, 
WUhm rrice. 


Thomaa William Birckan, 


7th Dl.to 


4tk Ditto 


George MH:nUock, 


tth Ditto 


joba Tajrlor, 


1 


Daniel Utile Couch, 


pch Ditto 


Cbarlce KeOy, (a4) 


1 stkDim 


Ccatfe Bennett Aiwa, 


«ai Ditto 


Thoinae C«a»t ble* 
ThimM TVmaa, 


Jama* Ahankair, 

Noa« iMBcanue neyaau aoavangy 


tAfli Ditto 
iMDltW 


Henry Loircay* 


1 


Henry Baugk, 

Ckane* ConwaB* SkaBna, 


19th Ditto 


David WlUIamm (ad) 
lOkCplk AXttU MiclMlI, 
Miv rt Kamsa/f 


V fih Ditio 


19th Ditto 


5 


Georv Wiliam Hcary Xaitftt, 


SthMarcB 


aik Ditto 


Philip Dumaieaiiua, la4) 
Chariea HaifiNd, 


7tb Ditto 


fata Korteo, 
Jote Morrdl, 


teb Ditto 


dck Ditto 


pck Ditto 


.PeD Beaaaaor, 


7 


jota Trdmrfwr, 


aoth Ditto 


John Tanccick, 


f 9di Ditto 


Alexander Lioaeajy 


latb Ditto 


WlUiam Bebaoiyt 


3 


Ckarin Malcolm^ 


lath Ditto 


Thoma* Dick, 


titk Ditto 


CJurte« Cvmby, 


l4tlk Ditto 


Gcorgr Nialt, 


■ath Ditto 


loBA Br*y, 

John C'rewlrmant 


iStb Ditto 


w;itiam Ramaae, 


i4ih Ditto 


iSth Ditto 


Thumas Syke«| 


l4tto Ditto 


J**" Higts, 


a;<d Ditto 


Henry Jamc* Lylbrd* 


l6th Ditto 


Wil iAin Uunti 


1411) Ditto 


jamca Crdgktto,, 


aotii Dittt) 


JiAit I*utlan4. 


«th Kcbniary 


Peter Ha»ty, 


aotb Ditto 


^^iiiktm ClwiWr, 


»di Ditto 


jataaa M^Ognaeit, 


ax«t Dim 



dot III. 



U M 



S30 MAVAL PROMOTIONS DUMNG THI YEAH 1799* 



Msrmi. 
Thomas BriKiit, 
Hcrir> Ambnxe, 
Mark Rabiiiaon LucMy 
titw.Ti Gilei, 
Jnccpb Mvian, 
Jafiic<i Iloit|ioD| 
Colin Miloc, 
Molyncux ibiiUbufef 
Wiiliub Desn, 
Thomw MaiiieU, 
Chaiiet rrcdcfick Piiie, 
J«inci Cmrlcj, 
JolU) Sester, 
Abel reirls 
WlUhun Kciljr, (id) 

2Qtn BrumluU, 
urier Ke/noUi, 
Kobert Giici, 
WiUUm Pye, 
Nisbct Oie>H 
Abel HawkiiM^ 

funea Weikb, • 
dwari NunJtoo Claikf ' 
Jo!ia ShepfirrJ, 
M iliam l^iat f cot If 
T»iOrn*< Fowlertoii, 
Frai.c:& Ha tiii^i, 

lolin J^clUmyt 

Z«»w*rd Tuc*cr» 

John oujii, 

Joiin Macnie, 

'>4vi(j Aikmuunt Dickioat 

■ubert Hesvlenoo, 

Tboma* stereaton, 

^ ii um >hrii>u, 

Tiiom« :>out})ey, 

A fibre w Hardjf 

Kobcrt Julyan,! 

CoUa MtOuiiud, 

Henry Whitky, 

Gitbn MKbeui, 

Kichcnf LonKfiekl DavicCv 

l^oiuu Boter lti«t«9 

teiiry Kennett, 

WiUtain GUcbrlK, 

Scoct CiobUI, 

JtAn Lawreacet (ad) 

New Ueuart, 

^vid JcluittDn, 

Jaba CampbeU Ctik* 

Jobo Banioo CoiliBH 

Thomas Onte, 

DttKCan LoMtted, 

rraacis MaKxu 

lomi Homey, 

Ce.rte GbinvU], 

Kichartl Wkles, 

Wiitiua Koblibard, 

Mitthcnr Loveil* 

WiUiamHoMw, 

John Mackraiie (sd) 

Thomas Nethitt, 

J^nttit BUcit, (ad) 

WilliuB Mannas, 

hl4jor Jacob Hiwakcr, . 

Wiliuna < force Maude, 

Jamta Calkiway, 

>'athaaici 6w«n, 

Tbooiaa bollard, 

H^ilOam Hc..vtr>(.n, 

John Couch, 

Chirks MooK WUmot, 

thkUy Sole/, 

John Bwt^tt, 

Kjchard Cratrf jfd, 

John Nsiirnc, ( ad) 

Hon. Joka Astlc) Bennett* 

•VTiOum PeiUm, (sd) 

Satr.uel Tbamas Pescrat, . 

Chariet Kice, 

AMJiam Heit, 

Jamea Llcwio lJo]nt> 

Nmry ColliCr, 
V Ulujfr James, 

ViUiani Leu:i, 
»WBp Hdrrrac, (ad) 
James C.m)pt^ii, 
u'iU'-.m t..'trt bmita, 
\V l(i*iii Ca» •< (an) 
E a ward armhiou. 



5 



i 



1 



Smhrity. 
Hi March 
X)th Ditto 
aithCltto 
loth Ditto 
Vh ApriJ 
llth Ditto 
iiCh Ditto 
lltb DltlD 
15th Ditto 
17th Ditto 
i9th Ditto 
aoth Ditto 
aoch Ditto 
aid Ditto 
aid Ditto 
a4th Ditto 
a^th Ditto 

a^ch Ditto 

3d May 

jd Dttio 
Sth Ditto 
loih Ditto 
loch Ditto 
nth Ditto 
llth Ditto 
12th Ditto 
iSth Ditto 
a I St Ditto 
St St Ditto 
ajth Ditto 
S7th Ditto 
39th Ditto 
jist Ditto 
JIK Ditto 

tU JUM 

34 June 

4Cb Ditto 
Sth Ditto 
tth Dicto 
14th Ditto 
i9(h Ditto 
aid Ditto 
abch Ditto 



1 



i 



iSOk IlittO 

3d July 
14 Ditto 
Sth Ditto 
ikh Ditto 
loCh t>icto 

ijCh Ditto 

ISth Ditto 
lyh Ditto 
17th Dittv 
l*th Ditto 
aoth Dittn 
a ad Ditto 
aid Ditto 



34th Ditto 



] 



aStb Ditto 


26U) Ditto 


apch 


Dino 


3i«t 


Utto 


4in 


Ditto 


in 


Ausutt 


ad 


Ditto 


ad 


Dino 


3d 


Ditto 


7ih Ditto 


Mb Ditto 


etb Ditto 



9CI1 Ditto 

nth Ditto 
I4tb Ditto 

litb IKcto 



George Stooo, 

Philip Richardaoo, 

Robert Carihew Beynoldat 

rmest Brawn, 

John Pyne, 

Daniel Shcwen, 

Ti<omas Groube, 

Sammaried M*toonMi» 

jAlin Roberts, (ad) 

Chaites tibtoorp John HawtipK, 

William Kaicbt, (xd) 

James Edward Lewis, 
idmuBd Ker Craostttta Bacon, 
Jeremiah Utaitoa, 
Thomai Graham, 
Samuel Bassan, 
Geurce Lewis ICeiT, 
Bcntiock Cavendish Ooyle, 
Thomas Cookra, 
Hon. Bdward Rodney, 
Praocis Jackson 8oell» 
Allan 8to«r4rt, 
Richard William jcMy, 
Thumaa Alford, 
Charles Chambcriayae Irrlaa 
Rice Morgan 
James Valobra* 
William Avery, 
Wliliain Irelyn, 
\^ii|i%m Hodfle^ 
Bef^amin Weir, 
Benjamin Symea, 
Robert LUk CoulWD, 
WiBiam Napier, 

iobacoode, 
radcrick Bcdlbrd* 

Jaim Laocdoo, 

Heniy Garnctt Gilbert, 

Thomas Whlnyates, 

Tbanas ConaMt^ 

Henry tmiOi Wtlsoo, 

WiBiam Swinay, 

Daniel W?ldt 

Cbaile* Chrldcc, 

William Major, 

John Frwder, 

Alexander Auatln Ponett, 

John Myers Creer, 

WiDlim Cady Prorrow, 

Au(ii8tus Vere Dniry, 

J«>n CMIds, 

Thomas O'Brien, 

WUliam Sandford Oliver, 

Genrgc Thuman, 

William Haydon, 

Thomat Lepard. 

Geuritc Adam Rosa, 

DaWd Barmn, 

Hon. Alexander Jolui Stewart, 

Thomas Lane, 

Ceorie Woucttiouse, 

lames Green, 

Prerterick Tbcsiter, 

Gilrs Snelsar, 

David O'Urien Caaey, 
• W^iKiara MJthPT, 

William P.-ringtun, 

AnthcMiy Hunt, 

Charles .shelJoa Tlmms, 

Jxmc' CiMjlce, (ad) 

Cjirb Inficlil, 

Wiuiam h.»n.ent, 

LtlM'^rd I youy 

George RtiiMie, 

Nicholaa Bill, 

PrrderMt Ri^mtry, 
iRoben Trotter, 

Josepli Lewi^, 

Wilfiim Miire, 

Edwarr Mon.-.nf, 

Juaopb Pearce, 

Geoett Puner, 

Samuel BurK<»s, 

Geoive Rjkch, 

WiUian. Atkins 

Jasper bcambler, 

Thomas Diary Piccy, 

Thomas \^hitr, ^ 

WiUiun Isaac Pcarce, 

William M Kcn<.ie, 

Tbunas Xin&f 

"ITwpiaa Btowoe Tonptoo, 

UcbaidCox, 



1 



I 



i 



idlh Aaiaa 

iTth Ditto 
I9ih PittO 
iQCh Dnu 
list Ditto 
ajd Ditto 
a4th Ditto 
a4to Ditto 

a6cfc Ditto 

XTth Ditto 



aTtli Duto 



Diiaa 



jOdi Ditto 

jirt IHtev 

jiat Ditto 

ad 6eptcn« 

ad Oict» 

4tb Dun 




Stii Ditto 



Ml Ditto 



J 



Tth Ditto 


yth iHtto 


9th Dino 


toch Ditto 


lotn Ditto 


nth Ditto 


lath Ditto 


r;ib Ditto 


I7ih D.tto 


aom Ditm 


ajd Ditto 


ajd Ditto 


asth Ditto 


asth D.tto 


a«ch Ditto 


ayth Ditto 


aftih D.tto 


30Ui Ditto 


4diO«abcr 


7th Ditto 


9th Ditto 


tCh Ditto 


nth Ditto 


la: Ditto 


14th 1>I M 


i^itb Ditto 


iMh Ditto 


aist Ditto 


list Ditto 


24ih Ditto 


3(1 No* cm* 


bth Ditto 


8lh Ditto 


lath Ditto 


ISth Ditto 


ISth OUW 



]>itt0 






MAVAL PROMOTIONS. 


21 


Mmcr. 


Stidtntft 


. Jftono. 


S*nf» ltjr> 


Jamct Bdwwd smidb 


10tt MowiB* 


Ritch Pennon^ 


ii;b Decern. 


Charin PMJiATClH 


) 


Briao Hodssoot 


Itch DitOB 


Cbarin Pell]r« 


t - ^ 


Joba Dembiy, 


I jtb Ditto 


WiBlam Buckmasnr, 


^•6di Dlttt 


Kobert ranshawe, 


Ijth Ditto 


Gecrst Gcorse, 


c 


Ceorie jKkaoot 


14th Ditto 


Jod Oreterdf 
- MTUSiRi Jooet, 


> 


Joha Cookeale79 
KdMu Jamet, 


l6cb DlUo 


ifldi Ditto 


iBth Dilt* 


%rilliain Cuilu, 


J9di Ditn 


Robert Shed, 


18th Ditto 


Kdwird Priir.rose Treswtlu, 


sd Decern. 


Totn Page, 
Mictiad Adamt, 


XOCh Ditto 


WlUhm Hemry Smii^ 


ad Ditto 


tjd Ditto 


Ymiot Applebjr, 


4tlk Ditto 


Henry Potter Malpes, 


s6Ch D.tto 


Rugb Canenaif 


Sth Ditto 


John Julian, 

Jos«|ih WiOUm Dovia, 


STth Ditto 


AuffiflCiM Lefotm ■opii CdfiM 


Sita Ditto 


a7th Ditto 


Cbvln M«Kciizk» 


jCh Ditto 


William Caraefie, 


joth Ditto 


Heiiy NajrioTf 


lOth DiCBO 


Andrew Cunniaghanif 


jist Pino 


ymcfh MMim^ 


loik Ditto 


TboriMs Ban Sulirao, Jwdor Lkutenanu H< 



Pnunotioiui aim 9ppointmflit0. 

fPKBKUARY— MARCH l8o*.j 

WbhebalJ^ Feb, I. The King has been pleased, by letters patent under the Great 
Seal of Great Britain* to confer the dimity of a Knight of the said kingdom unto Edward 
Hamilton, Esq. Captain in the Royal Navy, and Commander of his Majesty's Ship the 
Surprise. 

Sir Andrew Mitchell's being created a Knisht of the Bath (page 643, vol. II.j bean 
the date, in the Gazette, of January the eighth. 

J. S. Horton, Eaq. Commander of the Fairy, is made Post. 

Capuin Warren, son of the late Dr. Warren, succeeds Captain Horton^ 

Captain Presland is appointed to the Regulus, at Woolwich. 

Lieutenant G\iyon, of the Unicorn cutter, is appointed to L'Anacreon brig { and 
Lieutenant Henry Rowed to the Unicorn. 

Captain Bowen is appointed to the Alligator. 

Captain Colby is appointed to the Dido, and Captain Hatley to the Winchelsea, both 
troop ships. 
• Captain Isaac Wooley is appointed to the Circe, of 18 gun9, fitting at Sheemess. 

Cajptain Bingham ii appointed to the command of the America, of 64 ^uns, on board of 
which Sir WiOlam Parker will hoist his flag for the Halifax sution, to succeed Admiral 
Vandepot. 

Lieutenant R. Curtis, son to Sir Roger Ctutis, is promoted to the rank of Master and 
Commander, a6d appointed to the command of his Majesty's sloop RattiesnakCf at cho 
Cape. 

Lieutenant Georee Morris, late of the Aidsnt, is appointed to the command of the 
Qyeenborough htrea armed cutter. 

lohn Kent, Purser of the Kosolution, u appointed to the Atlas. 

Lieutenant Tatham, late First of the Diredor, is appointed to the command of the 
Lion cutter. 

The SiKurtiatie,of 74 guns, a beaudful new ship taken at the battle of the Nile, is com- 
missioned, and the command given to Ix>rd W. Stuart. 

Captain Morrison is appoints to the Thisbe, of 32 suns. 

Lord Bridport has provided for his adive and laitnlul Boatswain, Mr. Little, in the 
Royal George, by getting him appointed to the sheer-hulk ; a comforuble reward for 
k)ng meritorious services. 

The Lords of the Admiralty have advanced Lieutenant Pengelly, of the Viper cutter, 
for bis gallantry in capturing a French lugger privateer of superior force, a Commander ia 
the Royal Navy; andai^intcd him to the Pegasus, 28 guns, fitted as a troop shin. 

Lieutenant Josc]^ Soear, (fourth of the Jupiter when bearing Commodore Payne's 
broad pendant in 179$,) has been advanced to me rank of Commander, and appointed to 
the Lilly brig, 16 guns. 

Lieutenant John Serrel is advanced to the rank of Commander, and appointed to 
the Echo, 14 guns. 

Charles l^roche, Esq. late Commander of his Majesty's ship Stork, x8 guns, has 
been advanced to the rank of Post Capuin, with the command of the Abergavenny, 
54guns, Jamaica. , 

'tbt following Mldsbifymerty tince tbt commencement of tbe freient jear^ bave been 
sdvanced to tbe rank of Lieutenants, 

William Hutchinson, I William Wand, 

J. R. Bindow. J The Hon. James 

F. D. Schaw, 

John Irons, 

on the present establi^ 



Andrew Hodge, 
Toeeph Nugent, 



R. Spear, 

E. W. Buchan, 

Joseph Brown, 

Charles Allen, 



Rolls; 



iment amount to two 



Edward Morris, 

R. T. Blachicr, , 

which make the number of Lieutenants 
thousand, one hundred, and twenty-seven. 

Captain Bingham is appointed to the command of the America, 64 guns, on bo^d of 
which Admiral Parker is to hoist his flag, on the H.i!'ta< siatior. 
Admiral de Winter is appointed Commander ot the Hatavian fleet. 
Thomas Grant, Esa. late Store-Keeper ot his M ^-^t> s LjcK^yafi at She: !.-.•;•< 
succeeds Mr. Butt, at Depcford. 



C «3« 1 

j^lKd Courtf <9ntial. 

PORTSIIo\*TBi MARCH X. 

PTTRSUANT to an order from the Right Honourable the Lord Cominif- 
•ioncrb of the Admiralty, a Court Martial wai yetterday held on board the 
GlaJiator^ in this harbour, on Mr. Joicrn Colli nowood, Gunner of hit 
Majesty's ship AmaMoti, for drunkenness. — President, the Hon. Admiral Berkeley. 
•~The Charge being proved, he was sentenced to be dismined his ship ; but 
recommend«l by the Couit to serve on board a sloop of war; 

Likewise was also tried, onboard the same ship, William Dimock Smctb, 
Boatswain of his Majesty's sloop Fairy, for drunkenness, ftegleft of duty, and 
behaving: in a contemptuous mannerto his Captain. - He was found guilty, and 
sentenced by the Court to be rendered incapable of serving again as an Officer 
in the Royal Navy, and to serve before the mast on board such other of km 
Majeuy's shipK as the Commander in Chief of his Majesty's ships and vessels at 
Spithead should dlred. 

13. This day and the following a Conrt Martial was held on board his 
Majesty's ship GladUtor^ itt this harbour, for the trial of Lieutenant Join • 
CaassELMAN, of his Majesty's ship Dnud^ iot having absented himself from 
the uid ship without leave, at various times, and for drankenncas, 

Rear<AdmiralHon. GsoaoR BiRKaLBv, President* 
Rear. Admiral Sir R. BicKiaTOii, Bart. Captain Cnoacffy 

Captain Pickuoei, __ Ttlir, 

■ FoLar, — — — Rioo, 
•>— «— Luke, ...— . Doebaic, 

■ Whitbt, — — Barton, 

■ Pater son, i^_ Bdrlton. 

' The Court were of opinion, that the Charges had been in part proved against 
the said Lieutenant Cresselman, and did, therefore, adjudge him to be dismissed 
from his Majesty's service, and rendered incapable of ever serving u a Coaunis- ' 
siooed Officer again. 

21. A Conrt Martial vras held on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, in this 
Harbour, for the trial of William Webb, Boatswain's Mate of his Majesty's 
ship Termsgant, for desertion. 

Rear- Admiral Sir R. Bicker ton, Bart. President. 
The prisoner was found guilty, and sentenced to receive two hundred lashes, 
on board or alongside such ship or ships as the Commander in Chief at this pMUt 
should direA, But, in consideration of his very exemplary chara^er, on trying 
occasions, the Court recommended him to the Lords Commissioners of the 
Admiralty as an objcA of mercy. 

Same day, a Court Martial was also held on board the same shin, on Mr. 
KBrriLL Glevdhall, Surgeon's Mate of his Majesty's ho^ital snip P^ajg, 
on a charge of embezzling part of the hospital cloathing.«- After enquiring mto 
the circumstancrs, the Court were of opmion, that the Charge had not been 
jyroved against the prisoner, and he was therefore acquitted. 

Lieutenant J. T. Short, who was latelv tried by a Court Martsal for the loss 
of his Majesty '» gun vessel Contest, on the late expedition to Holland, and ho- 
nourably acquitted, is the son of Lieutenant J. J. Short, wboboirea commission 
for upwards of twenty-six years; his grandfather was sixty years a Lieutenant^ 
and his great grandfaihcr was one of Sir Ralph Delaval's Lieutenants in the 
Icachy-Head 6ght. His grandfather. Lieutenant Mark Teddenun, was a 
I icutenant near thirty years, whose brother was Commodore Teddeman, un- 
fortunately lost at the taking of the Manillas. He has lost one son this war,. 
and has two more bringing up in the service of their country. Has been a 
Lieutenant near twenty years ; his uncle, who was upwards of forty years a 
Lieutenant, is now superannuated He hat hkewisea cousin, now aCaptain in the 
Mr vice. A friend to them, aad may they be more fortunate thaq their ancestors! 



[ «33 ] 

M014THLY REGISTER 



MARCH 17. 

LOSS OF THE REPULSE. 

T lETTTENANT ROTHERSY, of his Majeftv-s ship Repxilae, of 64 ^m^ 
Captain Alms^ arriTed at the Admtralt]r».with the uo welcome intelligence 
of the loM of that thip, on the French coast« She ttruck on a rock near U*haidt 
in a vkrfent gale of winil, and notwithstanding the utmost exertions were used 
by the Captain and Officers to save the men, ten brsTe sailors nnfortunatelf 
perished. Captain Alms and the remainder of the Crew were made prisoneiv 
07 the people on shore : from whom, we understand, they received all possible 
assistance m the hour of distress. Lieutenant Roths a sr, and a few aen, 
eame home in the long boat, in which they effeded their escape from the 
wreek. 

The following are the authentic particulars of the unfortunate loss of his 
M»eaty*s Ship Repulse, of 64 guns. Captain Alms. 

The Repulse was one of the ships beloneiog to the Channel fleet, but had 
been detached by Sir Alan Gardner to cruise off the Penmarks, for the purpose 
of intercepting provision vessels going to Brest. On Sunday, the ninth of 
March, there came on a sudden and violent gale of wind, and the rolling of 
the ship occanooed an accident to Captain Anns, who, while standing near the 
companion ladder, was thrown down it, by which one of his ribs was broken^ 
and ne was dkabled from doing any further duty on the ship's deck. 

For two or three days the weather had been so thick, that it was noi potsible 
to make any observation, and the cunent had driven the ship so far out of her 
reckoning, that about twelve o'clock on the night of the tenth, the Repulse 
struck on a sunken rock, supposed to be the Mare, twenty-five leagues south 
east of Ushant. She was tnen going about six knots an hour. The ship con- 
unued striking on the rock near three quarters of an hour before she could be 
brought to wear, and the water rushed in so fast, that the lower deck tier was 
soon flooded. By great exertions, the ship was kept afloat long enough to be 
enabled to approach the coast near Quimper, and at half past ten o'clock^ 
Captain Alms and the ship's company quitted her, and made good a bnding on 
one of the Glenans Islands, about two. miles from the Continent. The pea- 
santry on the island gave every assistance, and it is supposed the ship's company 
have been sent prisoners to Quimper. 

In the confusion of getting on shore, one of the ship's boats upset with ^^c 
seamen, who were drowned. I'wo others were drowned owing to drunken- 
ness ; and four more were so drunk, they could not get out of the ship. We 
believe these are all that perished. 

I'he First and Fourth Lieutenants, two Midshipmen, and eight seamen, pre- 
ferring the risk of getting safe to England to the horrors of a French priaon, 
betook themselves to the large cutter, and having got a small supply of pro^ 
visions and bread, steered for Guernsey. I'hey had got within eignt leagues of 
the land on the first day, when a gale of wind came on, which drove them 
towards the French coast; and it %vas not until the fourth day that they reached. 
Guernsey, after having undergone the most severe hardships during tnree days 
and nights, the waves breaking over the boat so incessantly that four of the 
seamen were constantly employed in baling her. The First Lientenimt was 
landed at Weymouth on Sunday. 

The Repulse had on the day preceding the accident recaptured the Princess 
Roval pacLet from the Leeward Islands, on board of which the Third I^ientenant 
and ten seamen had been sent. Some apprehensions are entertained on account 
of her, as she is not yet arrived. The French prize-master was carrying her 
into Nantea. The mail had been taken out by the privateer which captured hor. 



234 MOttTHLT RBGiarSft 

COURT OF KING'S BENCH, Ft?, 17. 

THE KINO V. TRASIR AND SBAW. 

This was a prosecution brought by direftiim of the Board of Admiralty a^aiiut 
the defendants, for forsrin^p what it called a LiUrty TuJkgt, in order to proted a 
aailor, named Maxwell, from being impressed. This ticket was apparcntlT 
signed by Lieutenant Alt, of the sloop ^nt, giving a week's liberty to Maxwell, 
one of bis crew, when in hA Maxwell did not belong to that vessel, bat to aa 
Indiaman. In the course of the trial, it appeared mat these false certificates 
being extremely common, this piosecution was highly proper. The case was 
fully proved, and the defendanu foood goilty. 

The life-boBts *, some time since presented to the tows of North Shieldi, by 
his Grace of Northumberland, have proved eminently serviceable during tbie 
late storms, in saving the lives of hundreds, who would otherwise, in all proba- 
biCty, have been engulphed in the pitiless tide. 

Ha water has yet been found in the Island of Perim, in the mouth of the Red 
Sea, and the British cruisers thereabouts arc much distressed, not only for that, 
bat other articles. 

Letters from Holland state the continued persecution of those persons sus- 
pected to have favoured the late un uccessful Invasion of that Country. A 
C^tpfain in the Batavian Navy, named Cunnio, and an inferior Officer named 
VtRMHULBN, who had influenced the surrender of his ship, and entered the 
service of the Prince of Or^injre, but was afterwards made prisoner, have been, 
with numerous others, ex.cutcd 

Murcb 6. A Court of Common Council was held at OuildhalU X iR^di 
14r [. Dixon,. after having read an extradl from the London Oasette, in a neat 

speech, moved, 

" rhat the thanks of that Court be presented to Captain Sir E. 

Hamilton^ and the other Officers and crew of hu Majesty's snip Surprise, 

^ for their gallant conduA in cutting out the Hermione frigate from the 

Spanish port of CaT^lio ; and that the freedom of the City be presented to 

Sir £. Hamilton in a gold box value fifty guineas;*' 

which was unanimously agreed to. 

The Dntch Ships, it is now said, are to be purchased by Government from 
the 5:tadtholder, who is to remunerate our brave Tars by whom they were taken 
|v.issc»ion of for his Serene Highness. 

HheernesM, Marcb 18. The Navy Board have recently issued orders for the 
Dutch bhip<i of war which are lying in the River Medway to be surveyed and 
valued. And the following ships, which were taken possessionof by the Britnls 
squadron under the command of Vice- Admiral Mitchell, in the New Diep, in 
the J'cxel, are condcmed as prises, viz. Broederschop, of 54 guns ; Hedor, of 
44 guns ; Venus, of 24 guns ; Minerva, of 34 guns ; and the Drocherland 
store •*hip. 

At the Kingsion AsiUes^ John SaJmon wa« trtrd for the murder of William 
Jones, a sailor, on the igtn of February last, and William Wright, for aiding 
and assisting. It appeared that the parties, the former a Midshipman, the latter 
a Lieutenant, were a<fling in the discharge of their duty in die Impress Service. 
Jkir. Wright was acquitted and discharged, on the evidence that ne had been 
cjipref^Iy employed to impress Jones, and another person of the name of Brown. 
Though Salmon had given the deceased the wound of which he died, it did not 
9 f pear that there was any ground for the charge of wilful murder, but that the 
.*i;ib had been given accidentally, when the deceased attempted to escape. 
ftcN'cral witnesses gave the prisoner an excellent charailcr, and the jury acquitted 
hi'.n. 

• R!»?rccTirj» the utilinr of such V- in^tituf'inn, vide Vol. III. ^jc t^t*^ 



or VAV4L CVINTS* Z^f 

PLYMOUTH REPORT, 

FROM FEBRUARY ai TO MARCH aj. 

■■I ■ n> ■*■ ' 

W. 11. Wijid 8. E. Ptir. An exprets arrived fropi Torbaf to tljc Vic 
Cualliog Office to send over craft with beer to complete the following men of 
war arrived there, Viz. TeMieratre,<9& guns Rear-Admiral Wbitshed, London 
98, Venerable 74, Hecbr 74, Ratniiies 74, Pompee S4« aod Monu^uc 74. 
The latter ship put back to i^ommouith to repair her capstan, which was found 
defedive. Arrived the Fiorenzo» 44 guns. Sir H. B. Ncile, fiart. from the Baf 
of Ballyshannon, having returned from convoying out the Oporto and Lisbon 
fleets. 

IJ. Wind 5« £. Fair. Went into fiampool to refit the dama^ sustained 
in the adion with La Pallas, 44 guns, La Loire, 48 guns. Captain Newman. 
Anived from Admiral Sir A- Gardner's fleet off Brest, which she left on Tues- 
day last, having ^rung her main mast, the Edgar, 74 guns, Captain E. Boiler. 
By the latest accounts Irom Brest, there are thirty-seven sail of the line ready fo^ 
sea, viz. twenty-two French and fifteen Spanish men of war— of which twelve 
sail are vidualled for six months, and have troops on board. Arrived from m 
cruise, the Danae, 24 guns, Lord Proby . Sailed on a cruise, the Anson, 44 guns. 
Captain P. C. Durham. 

24. Winds. £. Cloudy. 

15. Wind N. E. Cold. Letters from Jamaica, dated hi December tact, 
atate the arrival at Port Royal of Lieutenant James Wooldridge, the Officers 
and crew of his Majesty's fate armed schooner Fox, of eighteen i8-pounders, 
and seventy- five men. She sailed from Jamaica September 5, 1799, with 
General Bowles, Chief pf the Creek Indiana. She was destined to land hun in 
the Gulph of Mexico, and then proceed on a cruise. The i'oz touched at the 
Isle of Providence for a pilot, but could not procure one, and proceeded to her 
place of destination. On the twenty-eiehth of September, the Master tlun 
sounding, and about three leagues from the shpre, she struck on a sand-ban^, 
dose by a coral reef or quay, in shoal water, bilged, and fell on her larbourd 
aide. The Officers and crew remained alt night in the rigging, expedtng everv 
moment she would go to pieces: to add to their distress, the boats were all 
•tove. '>^'hen morning appeared, they got out a little pork upon the reef, and 
fortuna/ely every Officer and man were safe from the wreck at noon, when the 
Fox fell over, and went to pieces. In this melancholy situation, with a «iall 
pittance of pork per day/ without any vrater but what they dug for in the sand, 
they remained thirty-two days without any prosprd of relief. On the thirty- 
third day they descried a sail, and making Hgnals of distress, wlach wtro 
answered, the sail neared them, sent boats to the reef, which took off safe, 
thouc;h very weak for want of provisions, Lieutenant Wooldridge, General 
Bowles, and the Officers and crew. She proved to be the Providence privateer, 
and waa on her passage to Jamaica. In the Gulph she met the Thunderer, 
74 guns. Captain T. Hardy, who took the Fox's Cffjcert and crew on board, 
and landed them, with GeQcral Bowles, all safe a: ('ort Royal the first of 
December last* A court martial was held on Lieutenant W. his Officers and 
crew ; when after a minute investigation into the cause of the loss of tlic Fox« 
they were all most honourably acquitted. 

26. Winds. N. E. Cloudy. Arrived the Cambrian, 44 guns, Honourable 
Captain I eggc, from the coast of France. She brought back all the arms and 
money destined for the Chouant. 

•7. WindE.N.B, Sailed tfa« Lady Chailotte, 11 gnnt. Lieutenant S. 
HaUiday, with a convoy for the westward. Also the Urania, 44 guns, Captam 
Towiy ; Stag, 36, Captain Yorke ; St. Fiorenzo, 44, Captain ."-ir H. B. Neale ; 
and Childers, 16, Captain Crawford, 00 a cruise. Arrived from Guernsey, the 
Constantine Russian frigate, 36 guns; and the Vulcan, Thompton, with pas- 
sengers. 

iS. Wind E. N. £. Fair. Last evening sailed on a cruiseoff the Isle of Bas, 
La Suffisante, 16 guna, Captain Whitman ; Havick, 18, Captain Bartholomew ; 



S36 MONTRLT RB^tSTIft 

Dather, 18, C«|>uiD Tobin ; Spider tdiooner, 14, Lieoteaaat Havnton. Tbb 
day the Robnite 74 guii«» Russell 74, and Canada 74, were reported ready for 
tea. They drop down die harbour for Cawsand Bay the moment the wind 
abifts. ArriveJ the Landrich, from St. I>omingo for Bremen, detained and 
Knt in by the Havick, tS guns. Also the Flying Mcrrarias» fnta BonrdcainL 
for Altona, detained and sent in by the Swan cutter. 

Marth 1. Wind N. W. Fair. Went into Cawsand Bay, the Ralegh, 74 gtto% 
and Canada 74. Arrived from a cmise, the Inde£st^able, 44 gnnsi Captain 
Curzon, and Voltigeur, tS gunsi Captain Shortiand* 

«. Wind N. £. Cold Rain. Arrived the Diamond,* 36 gnns. Captain 
GriflEiths from a cruise. Last night a gon left shotted was fired fr^ a man 
of war in Hamosze, which struck a ship a few yards distance, and knocked off a 
teaman's arm, which was so much shattertd, he waa conYcyed to the Royal 
Hospital for ampuation. 

3. Wind N. Cloudy. Arrived La Pallas, 44 eons (Lieutenant Rayner 
prise master), from Mounts Bay. She went diredly up Hamoaxe. She is a 
lautifui new frigate ; her first cruise. Arrived La Modeste French letter of 
marque, of 16 guns, Captajin CorroUir, with a valuable cargo of sugar, coffee, 
cotton, and indi|[o, valued at 6o,oool. from the Isle of France to Bourdeau. 
The Captain's private venture is estinuted at ao,oooL 

4. Wind N. N. E. Fair. 

5. Wind N. £. Cold. Sailed. La Nymphe, 56 guns, on a cruise off UihaBt* 
Also the Thames, 31 guns. Captain' Lukm, to join Admiral Sir A. Gardner's 
fleet off Brest. Arrived La Vengeance French privateer, of 18 guns, and 174 
men, taken the 2d instant, in the Bay, by La Nereide, 36 guns, Captain 
Watkins, after a long chace. She sailed irom Bonrdeauz the 18th ult. witn La 
Bellone, ot %% guns, and three other large privateers, which La Nereide chaccd 
for several hours ; but being fast sailers, and far to windward, they escaped. 
There are not less than thirty privateers of different sizes now out from Bour- 
deauz on various stations, from 36 to 16 gnna. 

fi. Wind N. E. Cold. Sailed the Boadicea, 38 guns. Captain Keates, on a 
cmise i and Danae, 14 guns. Captain Lord Prob^, to the wertward. Arrived 
the Commerce French sloop from St. Maloes, pnse to the Chance privateer of 
Guernsey; Spider schooner from a cruise. Also the Flying Mescurius, of 
Bremen, from BourdeauK, drtained and sent in bv the Swan cuttek ; which 
htter arrived off the port, and sailed diredly. , Also came in the Bene Anne 
brig, belonging to JerKy, laden with tobacco and staves, from Virginia, bound 
to London, uken the 14U1 uIl by the General Massena French privateer, of 
Ai guns and 170 men, and recaptured about one hundred and twenty leagues 
west of Scilly, by his Majesty's ship Ruby, 64 guns. Captain S. Ferris, on her 
passage to the Cape of Good Hope. Also the skip Landrake, laden with sugar 
and coffee, from St. Domingo to Hambro', detained and sent in by the Havick» 
a 8 gims. Captain Bartholomew. 

7. Wind N. N. E. Fair. Came in the ' American ship Perteverance, 
J. Norman master, from Baltimore, bound to London, laden with tobacco, 
sugar, coffee, &c. captured by the Mars French privateer, of 21 guns, and 150 
men, and retaken the 3d instant off Ushant, by the Nereide, 36 gunS| Captain 
Watkins. Arrived La Nereide, 36 guns, from a cruise. 

8. Wind N. N. W. Snow, Blows Hard. I>ast nirht it blew an hurricane 
at N. N. £. and shifted to N. N. W. At one o'doca several gnns were fired 
in Hamoese. This morning it appeared that the Terrible, 74 guns. Captain 
Worsley« had broke from her moorings in Hamoase, and bdng lashed to the 
sheer-hulk, both went on shore on the west mud : fortunately the tide flowing 
they were got off with little damage. 

9. Wind S. £. Rain. Letters from the Amethyst, 36 guns, Captain Coatca, 
dated at sea, state, that he had recaptured a very valuable American ship, and 
sent her for Falmouth. Sailed the Plymouth lugger, Lieutenant Elliot ; Vol- 
tigeur, iS^uns, Captain bhoaiaud ; and Sylph, 18, Captain Dashwood, en a 
cruise. 



Ot lUiVAL XYEHTS* d.37 

to. wind S. S. Snow and Raliw 

It. Winds. £• Raiii* Sailed a cuttet with dispatches for the fleet qS 
Brest. 

It. Wind E. S. £. Fair. Arrived the Sawarrow, ii guns, I.ieutexianc 
XicholsoD, from tfte Passage du' Kit. She fcH in with two French luggers o£ 
S^Bs, and Qoe Preach logger of to gnns, full of men. £ngaged them in a 
'Vtry gallant atjle, sad beat them off; took three chasse marges, one in ballast^ 
and two with, wines, in sight of the loggers, which were running away ; be 
hoarded and sent the diaSienurfes for Falmouth and Pif mouth. 

IS. Wmd S. E* Mild. Afrived the Sirioa, 36 guns. Captain Kinflr, from off 
Brest. Arrived from Lisbon, the Earl St. Vincent schooner, with di^acches. 

14. Wind S. £. Blows Hard. 

15. Wind S. B. Rain. Arrived a carte! from Morlaix, with British 
prisoners. Also the Amethyst frigate. Captain Coates, from a cruise. 

16. Wind N. and N. W. Fair and Mild. Arrived La Josephine cutter 
privateer, of 6 guns and 30 men, captured in the Channel by the Suffisante, 
16 guns, Captain Wittman. Sailed to join the Repulse, 64 guns, and Aga- 
memnon 64, cruising off the Penmarks, La Nereide, 36 guns, Captain Watkras, 
and the Suwarrow armed schooner, Lieutenant Nicholsion. Passed by Lord 
Bridport from Torbay, with fifteen sail of the line and four frigates, to join the 
Channel fleet off &est. His Lordship was joined off the Sound by the 
Impetueux, &4 guns, Sir E. Pellew, Bart. ; Canada, 74, Honourable M. De 
Courcy ; and Russell, 74, Captain H- Sawyer. 

17. Wind N. £. Fair and Mild. Came in La Sophie, with brandy and 
wine for the French fleet, taken by the Agamemnon, 64 guna, off the Pen- 
marks. Also the Joseph armed lugger, and the Fanny lugger, from the 
westward. 

<8. Wind N. W. Fair. 

19. Wind N. E. Fair. Arrived the Santa Margarita, 36 guns, from con- 
voying out the West India contoy from Cork. Went into dock the Glenmorei 
36 guns, Captain Duff. 

ao. Wind N. Fair. Arrived the Brilliant frigate from Lisbon. She wai 
put under quarantine, having been in the Straits. She parted with her convoy 
m a gale of wind a few days after she left Lisbon. Sailed qn a cruise to the 
westward, the Fisgard, 48 guns. Captain 1'. B. Martin. The Cambrian^ 
44 guns. Honourable Captain Lcgge, is now waiting in the Sound for Admi- 
ralty orders. Letters received this day from the Alcmene, 36 guns, Captain 
Di^y, state, she was well, cruising on the Spanish coast, and had recaptured 
and dispatched for England a valuable ship from the Straits, with silks and hale 
goods, belonging to Liverpool. Two more galleon frigates were expeded, viz. 
La Gibire, 32 guns, and El Glorioso 36, whish it is hoped will enrich our 
Brave tars. 

«i. WindN..W. Fair. Arrived from Cork, the DiAator, 64 guns, armed 
tnfuie^ Captain Hardy, with five hundred of the Sad regiment on. hoard* 
flailed the Diamond, 36 guns. Captain Griffiths, and the Telegraph, 18, Lieu- 
tenant Corsellls, on a cruise. Passed by to the westward, the Anson, 44 gnns^ 
Captuiu P. C. Durham, with the valuable East India and Botany Bay convoyt* 
Passed up a convoy from the westward. 

%%. Wind N. N. W. Fair. 

9ar Wind N. W. Fair. Came in from off Brest, which they left the zpth 
instant. Admiral Gardner's squadron, viz. Royal Sovereign, uo guns. Admiral 
Sic A. Gardner, Bart. Captain Bedford ; Triumph 74, Rear- Admiral Colling- 
Wood; Formidable 98, St. George 98, Caesar 84, Bcllona 74, Magnificent ^JU 
and Unicorn 36. They left Admiral Lord Bridport all well off Brest, witfi 
thirty- one sail of the line, at the above period, when the French and Spaniih 
fleets hadnot made any movement to put to sea. Arrived the Phabe, 36 guns, 
i^ptain Barbw, with o&c of her prizes, St beautiful corvette of %% giUM. 

tnsi.m. II 



■f 



23^ MONTHLY RIGIITER 

PORTSMOUTH REPORT, 

FROM FEBRUARY 15 TO MARCH la. 



Teh. ts* ARRIV£D the Sophia, Csptain Bordett, from a cnuae. 

a6. Arrived the Grand Falconer, Lieatenint Chilcott, with dsipatehet Iron 
?>Iarcou ; and the Defence of 74 gunn, Lord Harry Paalet, with a convoy from 
the Oowni. Alio the Vrow Anna, from Dieppe, prise to the Concorde. 

27. Sailed the Liberty, with a conToy, for Plymonth. 

28. Sailed the Castor, of 32 gunt, Captain Cover, to relies the Concordct 
cruising off Havre de Grace. 

Martb I. Arrived the Rose cotter, Lieutenant W* H. FanOaior, with dii* 
patches from the coast of France. Sailed La Renard, Captain Spiccr, with a 
cbnvoy, for the Downs. 

2. Arrived the Anson, of 44 guns, Captain Durham ; and the St. Fiorcmzo, 
of 44, Captain Sir H. Neale. 

3. Arrived the Ceres, of 32 guns, Captain Nicholas ; and the Harpy, of iS 
guns,Capt. Bazcly. Came intoharboui the Experiment, of 44 guns, Capt« Savillc. 

4. Ai rived the Rowcliffe, of 16 guns. Lieutenant Donovan, frcm Guernsey. 
Sailed the A jaz, Achilles, and Saturn, for Torbay. 

5. Arrived the Niger, of 32 guns, armed m Arfr, Captain Lamour ; the 
Severn, of 44, Captain Whithy ; the Scorpion, of 16, Captain Tinlsng ; the 
Serpent, of 16, Captain Roberta ; and the' Champion cutter, with diyatcfaes 
from Marcou. 

6. Arrived the Concorde, of 36 guns, Capt. Barton, frooi his atttion off Havre. 
7'he Camilla, Capt. Larkan, has a signal hoisted for a convoy to NewlouDdiaadi 

7. Arrived the Blonde, Captain Burn, from the eastward. 

8. Arrived the Topaze, of 36 guns. Captain Church, from a cmiie. Sailed 
the Defence, of 74 guns, Captain Lord H. Paulet, for Torbay. 

9. Arrived the Beaver, of 18 guns, Captalta Jones, from a cruise. Sailed 
the Rovrcliffe, of 16 guns, Lieutenant Donovan, with his Ezcellency Count 
Viomerille, Commander in Chief of the Russians, Colonel Gladhoff, and suite. 

10. Arrived the Druid, of 32 guns, Captain Apthorpe. Sail^ the £ndy« 
mion, of 44 guna. Captain Sir T. \\'illiams ; Arethusa, of 3S, Captain Wolley \ 
and Champion, of 24, Captain Hamond, with a convoy for the Mediterranean* 
The two former accompany them only a part of the voyage. 

IX. Sailed the Unicorn cutter. Lieutenant Rowed, on a cruise. 
I a. Sailed the Grand Falconer, of 10 guns, Lieutenant Chilcott, for Marcoa« 
13. Sailed the Cyclops armed cnjiute^ of z% guns, Captain Fyffe. 
X4. Sailed the Heroine, of 32 guns, Captain Hill. 

15. Sailed thoWinchelsea, of 32 guiis. Captain Hatley ; and the Camilla, o( 
90 guns, Captain Larlun, w^th a convoy for Newfoundl^d. 

1 7. Sailed the Anson, of 4^ guns. Captain Durham, with the East Indiamei^ 
under convoy ; accompanied with the Porpoise, of 12 guns, Captain Scott, for 
Botany Hay, and the Lady NeUon, Captain Barrow, an ordnance store ship, for 
Gibraltar. She is hound to New Sputh Wales, for th; purpose of surreying th^ 
(loast, and maku)g discoveries. 

] 8. A rrivcd the Eugenie, of 1 8 guns, Captain Somerville, with a conyoT from 
the Downs. Sajled the Alert cutter, I ieutcnant Clark, on a cruise : also the 
Resoorce, Captain Crispo;^Romuhis, Captain Culverhouse; Sheemesa, Capuift 
Carden ; and Ceres, Captain Nichols, all armed en^§^ for the Downs. 

19. Sailed the Aurora, of 28 guns, Captain Caulfield, for Lisbon ; amd 
Eugenie, Captain Somerville, on a cruise. 

20. Arrived the Osprcy, of 18 guns. Captain Watts, from the Dovmt. 

fti. Sailed the St. Fiorcnzo, of 44 guns, Captain Sir H. Neale, on a ctnileg 
and the liberty brig, for Gutrnscy. 

22. Sailed the Calcutta, l-lysses, and Dover, with the guatds, fo^ Cork% 
The Dover proceeds from Cork to G.braftar. 



OF KA7AL STENTS* ftj^ 

EAST-INDIA kEPORT. 



THE late addition to the regnlar East India tonnage, for the service of this 
geaaoo, makes the whole number of ships to proceed to India and China amount 
to twenty-seven, twelve of which are new ships, and on their first voyage, 
eeven on their second, one on her third, four on their fourth, one on her fifth, 
and two on their sixth voyages. 

Mmxh 7. A Court of DireAors was held at the £ast India House, when tho 
folbwing ships were taken up for one voyage, to bring home sugar, cotton, salt- 
petre, &c. from Bengal :^ 

New Ship, 580 Building by Mr. Mangle. 

*— — ., 600 I Mr. Wilkinson. 

Melville Castle, 806 Mess. Hamilton and Co. ) /) 

Rockingham, 798 Mr. Wigrara, C ^«'**^'. 

Herculean, 637 Mess. Lyatt and Co. } 

The now Dispatch, on her passage from the Cape of Good Hope to Madras, 
on the 6th of June, experienced the following circumstances, evidently resulting 
from an earthquake, and which is copied frcwi Captain Brown's journal : '* At 
fijre A. A(. havipg a steady brecse at £. S. £. and doody weather, steering 
N. N. K, at the rate of five miles and a half per hour— a long sweU from the 
S. E.— felt a motion as if the ship was running over the groun^, or some other 
solid substance, aqd at the time, for the space of from five to seven minutes, 
heard a confused ^rinding tremulous npife, afie^Sling the ship in every part ; it 
ceased, and the ship was instantly hove-to,and we sounded with ninety fathom^ 
of line op and down, but no ground : by this time it was pcrfe(31y day-light, 
the sea not in the least confused, nor could we perceive the smallest appearancq 
of any thing which had occasioned it. — The ship was not felt to striae once— 
Ae kept perfciHy upright -held her way through the water (and aoswere^i her 
helm] — nor does she make any water in consequence of the shock received ; 
these circumstances make us at a loss to account lor it in any other manner, thao 
attribute it to some violent convulsion of nature.— Draught of water forward 
«ght feet, and aft ten feet six inches ; latitude, 7. 58. south ; longitude, reduced 
ifom an observation of the sun and nu>on, on the ist instant, 87. 39. east. 

The last fleet of ships proceeding to India will not be dispatched before the 
middle of May ; they are severally ordered to be in the Downs on the 30th of 
April, and consigned to China dire^. The Lord Walsingham and Earl Spencer, 
Cantains Thomas Smales and Charles Raitt, will be the last ships of this seasoa 
to DC dispatched to Bengal dired. 

None of the East India Company's ships, now under dispatch for the severa^ 
Presidencies in India, will touch at the Cape of Gop^ Hope, owtwafd-bound. 

The new ship Dorsetshire, for the East India Company^s servicf this season, 
IS st^oned to Bengal dired. 

The Herculean, extra ship,' we learn, is added to the regular tom^gefor India 
this season. 

s * 

llie ships Butterworth and New Euphrates have obtained permission to pro* 
cecd fo the eastward of the Cape of Good tiope, on the Southern Whale Fishery, 
this season, in addition to those already licensed. 

14. A laree East Indiaman was launched at Gravesent^ called the Lady Jane 
Pundas, the Honoiiraklf Hugh Lindsay, Commander. The ship is built on a 
new construdion, and was much admired. 

19. A General Court was held at the Efut India Honse, pnnnant to charter. 
After the nsoal forms, the Qhairipan produced two distina resolutions of the 
pire<ftbrs, acquitting the Owners and Commanders of the Woodoot and Earl 
Fitzwilliam from all imputation of negled or roiscondu<5l, in resped of the lose 
of those ships, which were unanhnousiy agreed to by the Court of Proprietors; 
Put the ad requiring a ballot, it was fixed for Thursday, the 3d of AprU« 



i^ MORTHLT |lft<3JiTf R. Of VAtAL EVINtS* 

MARRIAGES. 

The Rev. Augrustut FauIkiMr, ion ef the Ute Admiral Fuilknor, to Miw 
Harriet Spry, daughter of Lieutcaanc-G^ncral Spry. 

. Mmteb %u Captaio bhirky, of the Royal Navy, to Mra. U<ylya» of 6«i^ 
ford-strcet. 



OBITUARY. 
Lately, after a short Illness, Mr. A. Jcfferies, aged 76, Boattwain of VtKtt* 
mouth YarcL He was an able seaxnaa m the Royal Navy ia the year 1743 ; 
made Boatswain of the Enterprise in 1745 ^ served with the late Admiral ^ir 
Charles Knowles, as his Boatswain, in the war of 174S, in the West Indies ; and 
la&tly afloat with Admiral Boscawen. He was appointed to Portsmouth Yard 
in 1 761. He was, corredlly speakinp^, always a man of stri^ integrity^^revered 
by the seamen*- regarded by his Officers — rcipeded by every one. Those whv 
luiew him will say, this is a tribute due to his memory. . 

At Portsea, Mn. Hope, wife of R. Hope, Esq. Parser of hit Maieity'a Ihip 

Pmssant. 

At HuUi.Mr. B. Mctcilf, ship-owner at that port, and waa an Bldcr Brotlier 
Vd Warden of the Trinity-House. 

Mmrck 4. Mrs. Edwards, wife of Captain £dward% of the Navy. 

At Boshaoit Lieutenant Allcock, of the Marines. His death it gftitly 
lamented by all who had the honour and happinest of his acquaintance. 

On the X2th instant died, after a life devoted to the civil branch of the navat 
aervice of his country, with unequalled abilities, Peter Butt, Esq. of Iiis 
Majesty's Dock- Yard, Deptford, in the 76th year of his age. The genuine 
goodness of his heart was manifest in every adtion of his me, as well as his 
tranc^uil resignation in the hour of death. He lived beloved and respeded, as 
he died lamented by all mankind. 

The Duke of Brunswick^ with hia usual attention to relisrioos duties, haa 
c.avsed a solemn service to be celebrated in the catholic chordi of bis capital^ 
f^r the death of Marshal Da Castkijls, ct-dtsmmt Minister of the Marine 
ip France, who lately died at Brunswick at a very advanced age. 

At Calcutta, William M ears, Eso. formerly Commander of the ship Royal 
Bishop, employed in the East India Company's service. 

Scot LAN o»—47''* ^'^' ^7* '^^^ corpse of. Captain Maxwell, of the Anrors, 
of Campbelton, was found in the harbour of Ayr, upon the vessel's leaving it, 
in the place where she lay when the accident happened,. It is a circumstance 
•pmcwnat singular, that this young man's father, who was also a ship master, 
was drowned in the year 177Z, and his corpse thrown on the Ayrshire Coast, 
in the parish of Rirkoswald, where be was decently interred ; and that the same 
Persons, or their connexions, who performed the last office» of humanity to the 
father, hav«, with the like humanity, conveyed the ceipee of the son, and laid it 
in the same grave with his father. 

In the bight of Leogane, on hk passage home from Jamaica, of tbe brain: 
fever, Mr. Robpt Cudic^t Commander of the meruxant ship Castor, of 
London. 

In Durham-placcj Cheliea, Matthew Squire, Eaq. Rear- Admiral of the Red. 

At Stonehouse, Plymouth, Dr. Walker, Second Physicfan at the Royal NavaX 
Hospital, after a short illiicss. 

At Crewkcrpe, 5=omcrset, Lieutenant John Crane, First Lieutenant of hit 
Majesty's o^arine forces (only son of Dr. Crane, physician), who served with 
rrptitation under Admiral Earl St. Vincent ; and in the viAory obtained over 
the .^^'panish fleet on the memorable fourteenth of February, shared in the honour 
of the day* Of this deserving Ofiier thebest eulogy is contained in hia Captain'i 
report, vis. <^ He boce a charaacr perf«aiy witbont bkmiah. He waa att 
honour to the corps to which he belonged, and an ornament to soeiety. Th# 
rtrickest propriety was the guide of hisaaions; and. bk gentle 
ocarod hmi to every one." 



MOGMAPHICAL MMMOIJi OF THE LATS 

CAPTAIN JOHN HARVEY. 



Wdi mote ye wonder how that noble Knighti 

After he had so oiten wounded beene» 

Could ttauid on foot now to renew the fight : 

But had ye then him forth advauncing seene^ 

Some new-borne Wight ye would him surely wecnc; 

So fresh he seemed, and to fierce in sight ! Srs nsik* 

A MIDST The Naval Heroes who gained such renown in 
•^^^ the dreadful struggle between the Sons of Liberty, and 
the Slaves of Anarchy on the glorious first of June; the name 
of Harvey is gratefully recorded by his Country, and conse- 
crated with peculiar esteem to the emulation of posterity. 

This distinguished OfEccr was born at Elmton, in the 
parish of Ey thorn, in Kent, on the ninth af July, 1740. 
O, S. He was the third son of Mr. Richard Harvey, a 
gentleman of the most, amiable charafter, and Elizabeth 
daughter of Mr. Henry NichoUs, of Barham, in the same 
county: at the age of fifteen he went to sea with Captain 
firett (1755), who then commanded the Falmouth of 50 guns. 
Mr. Harvey soon became noticed for his assiduity in the 
service ; and on one occasion in particular, when only seven- 
teen, displayed a quickness of mind and watchful observation^ 
which distinguished his character in the subsequent events of 
bis professional career. 

Tlic pilot of the Falmouth had mistaken the North Fore- 
land light for that en the coast of Suffolk, and was adually 
steerinjg towards the Goodwin Sands; when Mr. Harvey, 
whose watch it was on deck, endeavoured to convince him of 
liis error, but without cffeSt — the pilot obstinately persisted, 
Mr. Harvey as strenuously maintained hi^ opinion ; in which 
Captain Brett fortunately coinciding, the Ship's course was 
imttiediately ordered to be changed : at that very instant the 
breakers were seen close alongside ; and but for this providen* 
tiai circumstance, at it blew hard, tlie Ship and crew would 
inevitably have been lost. ' 

J^ HI. £ K 



* 
f 



^4' BIOCRAFHZCAL MfiMOIt 

On the Airtieth of January, 1759, Mr. Htrvey quitted the 
Falmouth ; and Wa9 recommended ta the notice of Aduiinit 
Francis Holbourne, who then commanded at Portsmouth* 
This Of&cer was* so well pleased with the 2ea}otis assiduity 
of Mr. Hanrey, and the professional skill be had now acqvtredt 
that the Admiral gave him an afting order as Lieutenant ; in 
which rank he was confirmed on the i8th of September fol- 
lowing, and appointed to the Hornet sloop, commanded by the 
Honourable C. Napier. 

Lieutenant Harvey continued under this Officer but a short 
time ; and on the twenty-first of March, 1761, was removed 
into the Arethusa frigate, the Honourable Raby Vane, Com- 
mander, then on the Lbbon station i in which Ship Mr. 
Harvey continued until the conclusion of the war. 

The mind of this aspiring Officer, though formed tosustain 
the hardships and fatigue of his profession, and to glow amid 
Its various' scenes of peril ; could equally enjoy the quiet of 
domestk happiness, without ever feeling oppressed by the calm 
tenor of retirement. On the twenty-seventh of September, 
^ 763> he married ♦ Judith, the daughter of Mr, Henry Wise of 
Sandwich. From the month of November 1766, to that of 
June 1768, Lieutenant Harvey was appointed to his Majesty's 
cutter Alarm, stationed on the coast of Scotland ; when be was 
advanced Commander. Having succeeded Captain Pearson 
in the Speedwell sloop in tlie month of January, 1776, he 
continued in this Ship until September, 1777 ; when be was 
advanced to Post rank> and appointed to the Panther of 60 
"guns. 

The expences of the Navy t for this year {1777)^-1 includ- 
ing the ordinary at 400,0031. and the building and repairing of 

* By "whom he had tuMe^Nemry Win, ef Haxndea in Eastry, Kent— 7*^1 
%\ pretent Cipum of hit Msjctty't Ship Southaimpcoft— JB^nwr^, vStJiag Liett^ 
Jiaiit of the fame Siiip^ Aic^n/, who died ao in£iDt— ilfoji, married te W. 
Botcler, JEsq. ol 'Lzfir f^^Fanny^ married to Robert Carling, Esq. olSandwld^— 
*£lizah€tb\ who died at the age of eight yean— aod ^aroifr, a minor* 

t Berkenhout's Cootiouation of CampbelL 

f On a clear investigation of the State of the Navy in the Committee of 
Xaquiry, during th: cAiuIng year (i 77S)yit appeared that the frigatci caployed 



or TU8 IfATf CAPTAIN JORH HARTHT. 24) 

Ships, that warroted at 465, 500!. atoouat^d to no lest thait 
3»M5»505{* exclosive of 4000K voted to GreeiiYrich Hospi^* 
Gnat drmatnents were continually inoreastng in the French; 
and Spanish ports ; which» with many other sospicioua 
appearances, had rendered it accessary to commission aixteei% 
additional Ships of the line, and to increase the bounty to 
aeamea foe entering the Service to five pounds for each qiaj^«; 
Soon after tbeChrintmas recess a bill bad passed, enabling tbo: 
Admiralty to grant letters of marque and reprisal to the owner?*- 
or Captains of private merchant Ships ; to take aqd qx^kp 
prize of all vessels with tlieir effeds» belonging to any of the 
inhabitants of the Thirteen United Colonies, Vice-AdmtraL 
Robert Duff* being appointed Commander in Chipf of his 
Majesty's Ships in tlie Mediterranean, in the month of Sep'* 
tember, 1777, sailed in the Panther, Captain Harvey, fbc: 
Gibraltar } where he arrived on the twenty-first of January, 
1778* A guard-ship, during this period, afforded but littlo 
Kope for the display of such professional talents as Qaptaioi 
Harvey possessed* Early in 1779 preparations in the porta 
of Spain wqre redoubled ; and when their design was ripe fbc 
execution, tiie Spanish Ambassador, the Marquis D'Almo* 
dover, having received orders in June to withdraw from Great 
Britain^ delivered a long manifesto to Lord Viscount Wey-^ 
mouth, which had the following specious and strange con** 
elusion : ** His Majesty (of Spain) findst himself under tbt 
4isagreeaAii necessity pf makit^ use of all the means which th^ 
Jllmighty has entrusted him with^ to obtain xhT^t justice which 
he has solicited by so many ways without being able to 

* 

10 Ain«ric^ amounted to eighty-ieyen ; that the number of Ship4 of the Lxne^ 
do thehom« Mrvicc, amounted to thirty- five ; that the (rigates employed on the 
aame eenrice were eleven ; aBd that the number of other vessels did not eiceed 
twenty-four , — that since the year 1770, more tha^ two millions of money had 
been votpd for the use of the Navy. 

* Advanced to Post rank, Odober 13, 1746, and appointed to the A^1escft« 
On the thirty-first of March, X775, ^vanced Rear-Admiral of the Blue, 
Died Vice-Admiral of the Red, at Queen's Ferry, July 6, 1787. This Offic^ 
was nearly related to the ^arl of Fife, who ia descended from Macduff, eighth 
Thane, and afterwards £arl 9I Fifci the celebrated chastiscr «f t)ie tyrant 



t44 BIOOKAFHICAL MCMOlft 

acquire : in confiding on the justice of his cause, his Majesty 
hopes that the consequences of this resolution will not be^ 
imputed to him before God and man, &c/'— It was not the 
£rst or last time, that the Court of Madrid attempted to cover 
its political schemes with the cloke of reltgioa. 

Towards the conclusion of the year 1779 *, the blockade of 
Gibraltar was completely formed.-^An account so full and 
accurate has been given by Colonel Drinkwater of all the 
transadions, which passed in garrison^ and the Straits^ 
whilst the Panther continued on that station ; that we shalt 
only sdcSt two events, as placing the charader of Captaia 
Harvey in a striking point of view. 

When Admiral Rodncy^s fleet, on the twenty*second of 
January, 178O) first arrived in the Bay, the Terrible, Alcide, 
and Monarca, together with a transport, were driven by a 
strong current within gun-shot of the Spanish forts ; the 
signal was immediately thrown out from the Panther* for all 
boats to go to their assistance. On this occasion Captain 
Harvey's daring spirit, and activity, would not allow him ta 
remain a mere spcAator of the exertions mad^ by others : 
thinking that his local knowledge might afford considerable 
aid, he immediately went on board \ and it was principally- 
owing to his direQions, that the Ships were at length towed 
back with safety into Gibraltar Bay. What idea Admiral 
Rodney entertained of Captain H^rve\'s conduft on this 
occasion, may be discovered from his giving this brave Officer 
a commission for the Guipuscoana, of 64 guns } the Ship 
that with four frigates had sailed to protect the convoy 
captured by Sir George on tlic eighth of January. On board 
of this Ship however, called afterwards tlic Prince William^ 
Captain Harvey never hoisted his pendant. 

• On the wcond of OAobcr, Caffain George M^irtapi^t letter to the Adniinltj 
gftve an account of the capture of the first fng^ate from the Spaniards, the 
Santa Amonica, after an obstinate engagement ; mountinjr twenty-six twelve 
pounders on her main-deck, and two four-pounders on her forecastle, with two 
hundred and seventy^ne men : Captain Montagu's Ship the Pear), of 3 s guns^^ 
liad twehrc men killed, and nineteen upunded<i->thc Spaniardi thirty- eigh^ 
•killed, and forty-five wounded. 



or TUB LATE CAPTATK JOHN RARTET. 14$ 

' Bj the departure of Vice* Admiral DufF, and his successor 
Commodore Elliot, the chief command devolved on Captain 
Harvey ; and never perhaps was cool judgment, and firm 
resolution more necessary, than in the dangerous situation 
he was soon placed. During the night of tlie sixth of June, 
a bold and well-concerted effort was made by the Spaniards 
to destroy the British Ships in the Bay, and the New Mole ; 
several fire-ships were sent down for this purpose, attended 
by a large number of boats. Don Barcello*s squadron lay 
at the entrance of the Bay to intercept the British Ships, 
if they should cut their cables, and endeavoijr to escape. 
Many favourable circumstances seemed almost to insure 
success ;-^the wind was moderate from the north-west, the 
night cloudy, and considering the season of the year un«> 
commonly dark : the foremost of the fire-ships was witliin 
hail of the Enterprize, Captain Leslie, before they were dis« 
covered-^not a moment was to be lost, the danger was instant^ 
and alarming : to endeavour to avoid it by putting to sea» 
was to fall into the hands of the enemy. 

Captain Harvey with great coolness and presence of mind 
ordered all boats out to grapple the fire-ships, and tow them 
on shore — the largest, equal in size to a fifty gun Ship, drove 
past the Mole Head within the distance of one hundred and 
fifty yards ! Not only the size of the S^ip, but the violence of 
the heat, rendered It imprafticable for the boats to grapple her : 
had she got within the Mole, every vessel, which was lying 
there, together with the storehouses, and stores, in the Naval 
Yard, must have been destroyed. Three others * were linked 
together with chains, and strongcables ; yet with uncommon 
resolution and adivity the British seamen separated, and 
towed them ashore. The Panther was in the utmost danger : 
three of the enemy's Ships were direded towards her ; one, 
notwithstanding the exertions of the boats, came so near as to 
m^It the pifch on her side ; and as some of the sails were set 
for canting her, part of the crew were constantly employed in 

« ■ 

* Pru kvaur*! Sirgt of Gibraltar, pa^e lOlu 



94^ BIOGHAPHICAL NBIC(M& 

I 

welting them. By the strong light of theie icven ShtfMt 
all blazing at one time, two other vessels of the tame de^^ 
scription, were seen on the larboard bow of the Panther ; but 
so heavy and wcll-direded a fire did she keep up, that the 
crews were obliged to abandon them, before they could be 
placed in a situation to produce any mischievom effeds« 
Thus was the attempt of the enemy rendered ineffeftual by 
the valour of British seamen under the guidance of the resolute 
and skilful Captain Harvey ; who never &iled to acknowledge 
the interposition of Providence, in this signal * and momen-^ 
tous overthrow of a design which the enemy bad planned 
with so much skilK 

As the Official Letter of this gallant Officer appears to 
have been considerably curtailed in some of the pub^kationt 
of that period, we shall in the next place subjoin a copy* aa 
It besides contains his own account of this event, with the 
praise due to those brave men who served under hia com^ 
mand. 

Jdmraby Office^ JiJf a«i ^^^o. 

Nothing material hai happened here necessary for their Lordships' 
information, since Commodore Elliot sailed, till the seventh instant ; 
when about one in the morning, his Majesty's Ship £lnterprize> whoi^ 
Captain I diredltd to moor northward of |hc New Mde, to prevent 
any attack on the Ships and vessds here, made the signal of an enei|iy'S 
approach. Seven Ships or vessels were ifluaediatdy pcrc^ved to be set 
on fire, and coming towards the New Mole. Some of those fire- ships 
drove, and the others were by the boats of the Encerprize, St. Fermini 
and .ordnance transports, all towed by two o'clock to the southwrard of 
the New Mole. The largest went on shore in Rosda Bay, Four 
of them drifting towards the Panther, lying off Rosda, her boats were 
sent to grapple them, which they soon effe^ed, and towed them on 
shore. At half pa3t two, discovering two vessels making towards the 
Paather, several guns, with round and grape shot, were fired at them-j 
on which they were set on fire. The boats, without difficulty, in a 
little time, towed them clear. One of them, a brig, got on shore alt 
Europa Point ; the other, a Ship, drove to sea. Though the eneaiy 
had the most favourable wind, weather, &c» for their purpose, yon 

* Mrs. Hirvey hat in her posseaeion a |)auiitin^ of the firc-ihipt by $erre% 
Seor, • 



OV THt LATE CArTAIH JOITM HARVfiY* ^IL^I 

4 

MB pteue to acquaint their Lord^ip% not the leAst damage has been 
JOBC to the thippingy nor had ire a single man hurt. A constant fire 
frofli all the Ships and the garrison was kept up on the enemy's gaUies, 
and boatSs which were very numerous : but the darkness of the night 
prevented our discovering what execution was done. By what remaina 
of tbe several vessdsy and the species of stores and combustibles un« 
consumed, it is evident no labour or expence has been spared in their 
equipment. The largest Ship is about one hundred and seventeen feet 
VI the keely had two tier of ports, and was about the size of a fifty gun 
Ship* One Ship appealed to be of about three hundred tons, another 
oF about two hundredi four brigs, and two small vessels. By the 
flames of the fire-ships we observed several Ships standing ofF* and on 
the entrance of the Bay ; which at day-light we found to be the 
Spanish Rear-Admiral Barcdlo, in a Ship of the line, with two 
Abates, and several xebcques and oth^ranxKd. vessels. They sailed 
in the a%ht from A^eziras, with a view of intercepting any Ship tliat 
Qiight haipe been obliged to go out of the Bay. A Ship of the line 
likewise sailed the day before from that place to the eastward, as sup* 
posed with the same design. In the morning the Spanish Admiral, 
Pnxh the (ngatesf and xebeques, returned and anchored at Algesiras^ 
where he now remains. 

I cannot condude my letter without requesting that you will be 
further pleased to inform their Lordships, that the Officers and men 
of his Majesty's Ship under my command behaved with the greatest 
steadiness and resolution ; particularly the Officers, and people in the 
boats, who grappled and towed off the fire-shipS| notwithstanding the 
frequent explosions of ^ells, &c The behaviour of Captain Le«Aie» 
the Officers and company of his Majesty's Ship Enterprize, were 
equally exemplary ; not only for their vigilance in discovering and 
keeping a good fire on the enemy, which in a great measure was a 
means of frustrating their attempt, but likewise for the a£iivity of 
their Officers and people in the boat towing off the fire-ships, &c« 
Captain Faulkner, of his Majesty's sloop St. Fermin, then lying off 
the Mole, likewise gave great assistance with his boats. The Oficefs 
superintending. Masters and crews of the Dutton, Nottingham, 
Friendship, and Union ordnance transports, did great service, not- 
only by keeping up a very smart fire on the enemy's gidlies, &c« 
Imt also in sending their boats to assist in towing off the fire^hips. ^ 

Orders having been sent from England for the Panther to * 
Sake tlie first opportunity^ that offered, for returning home ; 
during' the night of the second of July, the wind suddcfily 
shifting to the eastward, Captain Harvey immediately prepared 



t49 BrOGRAPHICAL MiMoitt: 

to get tinder weigh ; and before day-break bis Ship was cleaf 
of the enemy's squadron. The garrison were in the monting 
much surprised that the Panther was not to be 9een i 
and greatly mortified was Don Barcello when he perceived 
that Captain Harvey had eluded all his vigilance : on tlie 
twenty-fifth the Panther arrived at Spitbead, having captuied 
a Spanish packet in hot passage. 

Sir Samuel Hood^ in die month of November following^ 
was sent to the West Indies to reinforce Sir G. B. Rodney 
with a squadron, which the Panther joined j they arrived at 
Sarbadocs on the seventh of January » 1781* Captain Harvey 
was present at the subsequent capture of Sl Eustatia, Fe* 
bniary the third ; and on the evening of the same day joined 
bis Majesty's Ships, the Monarch and Sybille, tinder the 
command of Captain Francis Reynolds (Lord Ducie) in 
pursuit of a Dutch convoy, richly laden, that had sailed only 
tliirty-six hours before the arrival of Sir G. B.Rodney. The ' 
next morning, at day-break, they hove in sight of them ; 
and soon captuned the whole fTeet of merchantmen, together 
with a sixty gun Ship that was in company. 

Captain Reynolds^ on the fifth of February, sent the fol- 
lowing official account of this capture to the Admiral, 
dated*— Monarchy off Saba i a small island to the westward 
of St. Eustatia. 

I have the pleaauve to inform you, tliat yesterday momiog I fdl 
in with the Convoy you did me tlit honour to scud me in the pursuit 
of. About ten o*clcck I ordered the Mars, a Dutch Ship of war of 
tixty gunsi to strike her coloursi which she refusing to do, occasioned 
some &hot to be exchanged. The Monarch received no damagCf 
excepting three men wounded : I am not informed of the number the 
Dutch had killed, and wounded ; but among the former is their 
Admiral, though his flag was not hoisted at the time of die adliou* 

From some shot in her masts, I have ordered the Panther to take her 
in tow. 

By the Adlivity of Captain Harvey, and my Lord Charles 
Fhzgerald, we were enabled to take possession of the whole, and 
w make sail with them by four O'clock in the afteroooiw< 



OF tHI tATi CAPTAIN JOMH HARV£t< <49 

From this time, to the. first of Aagast, 17819 the Paather 
continued craisiog among tbe^difFerent islands : when, as she 
was an old Ship, considerably weakened by being constantljr 
at sea. Sir Geoi^ge Rodney sent her home with the Triumph, 
Captain Stair Douglass, as convoy to a large fleet of merchant 
Ships i then under sailing orders. During the passage they 
experienced much blowing weather, with thick fogs 2 though 
the enemy's fleet was at sea to intercept them^ they happily 
brought the whole of the convoy (one hundred and thirty- 
five- vessels) safe into Cork, the place of tiieir destination. 
In the month of January, 1782, the Panther was ordered into 
dock at Portsmouth ; when Captain Harvey was appointed 
to the command of the Sampson, of 64 guns. 

Duringthe ensuing spring of this year, Lord Howe, having 
been advanced to the rank of a Peer of Great Britain, was 
.appointed to command the fleet destined for the relief of 
Gibraltar. Captain Harvey in the Sampson, who had been 
cruising with diflferent squadrons on home stations, received 
orders to put himself under his Lordship's flag* With what 
superior lustre the professional skill of our brave seamen, and 
their now lamented Admiral, shone forth on this occasion ! 
Captain Harvey was inferior to no one either in courage, or 
in conduft. 

Don Louis de Cordova, the Spanish Admiral) with his flag 
on hoard the Santa Trinidada,8bewed considerable skill in the 
composition of his official account of the proceedings of the 
combined squadron under his command on this occasion ; 
yet appeared insensible to the judicious manoeuvresi of the 
British fleet. He however described the stormy night of the 
tenth of Odober, with which both fleets had to struggle, in 
much stronger colours than his brave adversary Lord Howe, 
who bad other events to narrate : — ^^ Night came on, and 
with it a furious tempest, -which lasted until seven o'clock 
next morning, and put all the Ships in the greatest danger of 
being wrecked on the coast, or of beitig dashed to pieces against 
each other : in sucli circumstances it was not easy to procure 



<{# SIOOKAPiflCAV MtllOtll 

new anchors i especially at all the small vessels which coolJ 
have performed that service had been reinqyed from the line 
of battle. It was only by dint of assiduous labour that wm 
preserved ourselves from the greatest part of the danger whick 
threatened us.'' 

Notwithstanding such tempestuous weather, the British 
fleet on the morning of the eleventh entered the Straits ; and 
contending with repeated difficulties, at lengthy on the eigh- 
teenth, accomplished the arduous service of relieving the 
garrison *• 

On leaving Gibraltar, Captain Harvey was ordered by 
Lord Howe to take under his command the Crown, Vigllant» 
Andromache, and Minerva ; and to cruise for a month 
according to his own judgment : they accordingly parted 
from tlie British fleet, on (he first of November, and reached 
Spithead on the seventh of the ensuing month, after an un-* 
successful cruise. 

Captain Harvey had now attained a very high professional 
chara&er, and had greatly attra&d the notice of Lord Howe, 
not only by the zeal with which he executed his duty, but also 
by the skill he displayed, when firmness, or presence of mind, 
were required : he had so ''^r recommended himself to this 
discerning patron of merit i that, with a view to being 
appointed to Lord Howe's Ship the Vidory, he was so6n 
superseded in the Sampson : but the peace that took place in 
1783, prevented his commission from being signed. 

When a rupture with France seemed inevitable, in the year 
1787, Captain HarA'eyat the particular request of Lord Howe, 
who then presided at the Admiralty, undertook to superintend 
the impress«service at Deal } with tb« express condition, 
that a Ship should be reserved for him at Chatham. So 
beneficial, and salutary, were the regulations, which Captain 
Harvey made In this service, that Lord Howe offered him a 
guard-ship at Chatham ; and he in consequence, on the 
twenty- first of November, 1788, was commissioned to the 

ft 

* For further particulars refer to VoL L page 17, and Vol, U. pags a^^^ 



or TUB ftATB CAPTAty JORN ■ARTBY* 2ft 

AffOgvuit, 74 guha. This Ship having been attached to the 
W«stfira SquadroHi during both the Spanish and Russian 
armamtntsi was paid off on the fourteenth of December, 
179a ; when Captain Harvef again returned to the solace 
of a domestic life, and to enjoy that happiness, he soon 
was ealled on to sacrifice upon the altars of his Country. 
• At tht commencement of theptcient eventful war, Captain 
Jdlin Harvey pressed forward in the path of naval glory, 
regardless of the Bourne to^hich it sometimes leads : his 
daring spirit was roused at the awakening voice of in- 
sulted liberty : 

Oad, JEHs, otin !^we longe for bloddie firaie } 
Wee loQge to here the niTen synge yn vayne ; 
Qnn, JEBa, onn ! we certys gayne the daie, 
Whanne thou doste Icade us to the kathal playne ! 

Chattsrtok, 

Captain Harvey immediately addressed to the Admiralty, in 
the most anxious terms, his desire to be soon employed. The 
talents of such a man were too well known, to suffer any delay 
to paralyse his earnest wishes for aftive service : he* was 
soon appointed to the Magnificent, but did not join her; as 
in consequence of the particular request of Lord Howe, he 
was appointed soon afterwards (February the seventh, 1793) 
to the Brunswick} a seventy four of a large and particular 
construAion, with a complement, of six hundred and fifty 
men* Lord Howe's sentiments on this occasion, will best 
appear from the following extraA of a letter sent by Mr* 
Brett, his Lordship's confidential friend, to Captain Harvey : 

M ^ As bii Lordshqi has an idea, occasions might arise, wherdn 
It mi|^t be more convenient for him to shift his flag* into a two decked 
Ship $ in that case he would ^prefer the Brunswick, and therefore 
wishes to have a Captain in her with whom he is acquainted ; and has 
aufhorised me to ask you whether it wonld be agreeable to you to be 
appointed to her in case he can get it done." 

Lord Howe sailed from Spithead on the fourteenth of July, 
'793 i btit during that, and several subsequent cruises *, no* 

^ Vol. I. pi^es i8t i9tao« Vol II. page 365. VoL UJ. ptgcsss, ss» 



tf$ BIOOftAPHICAL MtHOIft 

thing particnlariy worthy of notice oocarred nntil tkt 
norable twenty-ninth of May, 1794; when the pritithiAd 
F/ench fleets commenoed that contest -for the sovereignty 
of The Ocean, which terminated with each glory to Grsst 
%iuin on the first of JunEt 

The situation of the Brunswick, as commanded byCipCMi 
Harvey on this erentfal dty, renderad it impostibts she 
could have been sofficiently noticed, in any of die accovats 
hitherto presented to the public : but as this Ship had her 
full share in obtaiutng that viAory, it would be injustice to 
withhold a Narrative * of her proceedings, which refleds 
so much honour on the condu^ of her gallant Officers, and 
undaunted Crew. 

On tlie twenty»ninth of May, 1794, the Brunswick being 
to leeward of the line. Captain Harvey, after using his utmost 
endeavours, found it impossible to take his proper station, as 
second to the Qoeen Charlotte i but resolving, as he said, 
U hav0 4 Urth somewhere / he tried to get in between several 
of our Ships ; and hailing the Culloden, he desired tb/ 
Captain to shorten sail, when he pushed the Brunswick in 
between her and the Montagne, about the seventh Ship from 
the rear ; and in tliat station received the fire of the French 
line, as the fleets passed each oth<r. Perceiving his friend, 
Captain Bazeley, in the Alfred, hard pressed by an eighty gun 
Ship, Captain Harvey bore down to his assistance, and obliged 
the French Ship to quit the Alfred, and follow her own fleet. 
On the thirtietli, and thirty-first, the wcatlier being very tliick 
and hazy, no engagement took place. 

On thc-FiRsT OF June, the Brunswick was in her station, 
and had continued close to the Queen Charlotte's stern all 
night : the Instant the signal was "made for every Ship to bear 
clown, an(3 engage her ppponent to windward, or leeward^^as 

* Nmrrafivt •/ the Tramaffiom pm heard lb MaJeftjU Ship tba Brvusvid^/rtm 
m:thlf tie mkjta •/ twc piduret wen uketf hj Mr. NiehUs P^eeck. Tux First. 
HepretcDtt the Bkumiwick grappled to, and engaging Lb ViNctuR, with bcr 
•tarbc»^ gnat* tnd totally di«ina8tisig L'AchUie, in aa attempt to board her oq 
her larboard quarter. Ths Second. Represents the sinking of LiVii^- 
#f vm, vi|h the disabled state i^ tbf Brunswick after 4h« adiop. 



9 

OT THE LATB CA?TAIN JOHW ffARTBY. i^} 

Circumstances wotild adfliit, the Brunswick's helm was put up 
at the same time with the Queen Charlotte's, and both Ships 
nin doWn * together for the centre of the French line. The 
signal being thrown out to make more sail, to shut in the 
angle of fire from the rear as soon as possible, both Ships 
dropped their foresails; and the Brunswick's bdng first 
down, brought her rather ahead ^f the Charlotte, and covered 
tiiat Ship from the galling fire of the centre, and rear of the 
enemy's fleet ': but she suffered seven&ly by it, for tfaecockpit 
was filled With wounded men> before a single shot was fired 
fronn the Brunswick. 

Lord Howe cutting through thcf French Kiic, close under 
the Montagne's stern, raked the Jacobin ahead with his star- 
board guns I it was Captain Harvey's intention to pass 
between the Jacobin, and the next Ship, that h^ 'might engage 
his proper opponent, as second to the Commander in Chief i 
but the enemy lay in such close order, that the Brunswick 
was obliged to bear up for an opening, which presented itself 
between Le Patriote the third, and Le Yengeur the fourth 
Ship, firom La Monts^e. The former, endeavouring to 
frustrate this design, shot ahead ; which being observed by 
Captain HaiVey, he kept bis helm a-port, and the two anta* 
gonists were immediately hid alongside each ' other— »the 
surboard anchors of the Brunswick, hooking into the fore- 
chains of Le Vcngeur. 

When the Master informed Captain Harvey of this, and 
ask^ whether he should cut Le Vengcur clear, his animated 
reply was^^AT^y / we have got her, and tcr wiJi keep her f 
So closely were they grappled, that the crew of the Brunswick, 
tin|d>le to haul up eight of her starboard ports frdm the third 
port abaft, were obliged to fire through them : thus situated 
they went off large from both fleets, hody engs^ed-^in an 
hour, and ten minutes, they were about a mile to leeward of 
the French fleet ; when the smoke dispersing for a few 
minutes, they perceived a French line of battle Ship, with her 



t T\tt 9niiuirkk*9 foie4ep-|sI]siit mat wu at this time ihot anlraj^ 



154 ftlOGftAr»ICAL MBMOia 

ri^ng anil decks covered whb men ready for boarding, «id 
gathering upon their larboard quarter. Captain Harvey im- 
mediately ordered the lower deck to prepare for recciviiig her) 
the- men from the five after starboard guns were inttandj 
turned over to the larboard* The French Ship being now 
within musket reachy a doubk headed sliot war added t0 
qach gun, already loaded wkb single tbircy«>two poimders : 
the word was then given to five, and reload at qiikk as pos- 
sible ; at the same time continuing to engage Le V^i^eur 
with the starboaird guns forwasds* When about ifre or six 
rounds had been poured in, the gallant crew of the Bmaswick 
kad the satisfaftion to behold first the foie mast^ and tbea fbe 
other masts * go by the board r Manf of die crew fUl in to Aer 
sea, aud implored assistance ; bti^ Le Vengeur sttU required 
so much attention, that it was impoftible to affo/rd them any 
felief. 

The joy ipThich was experienced on board the Brunswick, 
from dieaUing their new assailant, may easily' be conceived : 
bat what words oan^express thdr glow of soul, i^beii', m about 
an hour after this successful event, word wai^ pasM through* 
out die Sbip^The braot CaphUH Hmrj Hdrvifff in thi 
Ramilluff ir c&mktg h thi sitppcrt of Ms ^alhmt ircther / / / 
The air resounded ffifh their <^btefS, 

As tUeRamilKe/ stood towards die Btuhswieky tb^ crew of 
the former made signs, by waving, to cut Le Ven^ur adrift, 
diat she might dro^ t, and receive the fire of the Ramiilies. 
A most trehnendoQS' broadsidk was pouted into' h^r, every 
shot of Which' seemed to take place t this wte followed by a 

* This Ship proved Jto b« L*AdiiUe of 74giios; the crew of. which alWwardt 
declared, that their capture wa» owing to the loss of maAs, from the fire of the 
Shijf eii'^gtng i^c-Veiigear. 

f Now Vic^Admiral of the White, dice created i Knightof the Bath<— 
I'hit ezceUcBt Officer coodoAcd* with Sir Ralph Abercrombic, the Mccenfnl 
nrp<rdit2on againat Trinidad, on the twelfth of February, 1797.— Vid. Naval 
Attecd^es.' 

t Ihir wie not done ; hot mhti after thft StkBiflUet had bft theoi, tha 
Bmnfewick twnng clear of Le Vengeor, tearing away three ancbort from 
her bow, 



or THE liATI CAHTAtV J«tHlC KA&VET* «;{ 

focond equally auimatodl ; find then tht Ramillies nmde sail 
for another French Ship, bearing dovrnupon: then^ and 
went oiF engaging her. 

Pre^iout to thi% the rodder of Le Vengear had been split) 
by some vell^direAed shot from the Branswtek ; her stem* 
post had also been shiiwred ; and such havoc made in hef 
counter, that the water was rafudly ponring in* When the 
RamtUks left tbemythe Brunswick was lying across the bows 
of her opponent ; . and in that positioa kept up a steady raking 
fire, until the foie and main roasts of Le Vengeur went by 
the boavdt dm^ing the head of the mieen mast with theHK 
This dreadful confliA had now continued fbr two hours, and 
an half : the crew of the Brunswick with the greatest cooU 
ness, at one time driving home the cmsy watdiing attentively 
the q|ing of the enemy's Ship to fire below the water line i 
and at another withdrawing the coi$u to elevate the mutztca 
of their guns, and rip up the decks of Le Vengeur. 

At length the French Ship was obliged to oosifess &e supe^ 
rionty of our professional akiU, ^d to ymbi to Bxitish valour : 
her colours having been shot away, she hoisted an Englisll 
Jack in token of submission, an(d implored assistance* The 
boats, of the Binin&wick had all been shot to pieces ; no relief 
tiberefbre conld by her be given to. the vaaquislied opponent* 
Le Yeogeur * sunk between tliree and four o'clock ;.and 
though every exertion that humanity could diAate was madcv 
only two hundred of the crew were sayed^-the remainder, ia 
number about six hundredv went to the bottom ia the Ship* 

The Brunswick was now left a dismal wreck*-ber mizefH 
and fore* top-gallant masts gone; the bowsprit cut two thirds 
through, near the lower gammon ; the main mast greatly 
crippled; i^e fore mast in a similar state, with a deep wound 
three feet below the tressel trees ; all the running, and much 

* The crew otthe Vengeiir made frequent attcmpci to cut themselves cletr of 
their opponent ; but were as often prcvcnte4--'heing shot hj the small tnos of 
the British sesuncn and marines. They al^ ^tempted to boatd th« firunswk]^ 
on the stern, hut were repulsed by the brave a^th res^iment, commanded by 
CAptaln Saundert., 



«56 MIOatLkTHtCAt MIMOIB 

of the stuiding rigging, shot awaj ; the sails* torn to sfiredf ; 
tight ports on the starboard side wanting of their batteries ; 
the starboard quarter-gallery entirely ground off ; twenty-- 
three guns dismounted. Three anchors carried away from 
the starboard bow ; the best bower, with the cat-head» towing 
under her bottom ; and all the yards in a shattered state. 
The Ship having been on fire three times, the hammocks 
taking iire4>n the gangway, were partly cut overboard ; and 
the quick* work, just before the gangway, was much burnt 
and splintered. The loss she sustained io her crew, was 
considerable s forty-seven of them were killed, and one hun- 
dred and eighteen were badly wounded* Their wounds in 
general were peculiarly distressing and severe, being lacerated 
by langridge shot of raw ore, and old nails : stink pots wer^ 
thrown into the port holes, which occasioned the most ])jainful 
excoriations ; burning and scalding the faces and arms of the 
British sailors in so shocking a manner^ that they anxiously 
wished for death to terminate their agonies. 

In this forlorn state, the opinion of the Officers was taken ; 
when it was unanimously agreed that they could not possibly 
join the British fleet. They now perceived, at the extent of 
the French line, two Ships in tolerable condition, that 
threatened to bear down to the Brunswick : next them lay all 
the dismasted Ships, and those that had struck ; and on the 
larboard, and weather quarter, appeared the remainder of the 
French Ships, veering under each other. ' It was imagined 
also that these Siiips were preparing to attack the Brunswick, 
and the Queen, about two miles to windward of the former, in 
order to cut them both off. Captain Harvey, who was 
severely wounded, on being informed of the supposed inten- 
tion of the enemy, gave his express commandr, that tlie 

* Tn the account of the proccedingt of his Majetty^i Ship Orios, (Naval 
Chronicle, Vol. I. page 299.) the Brunswick ii mentionci^ is beiiif •eeowitl^ 
atvdding sails set ; which, from the csippled state of her masti»iiiMt hjire Been • 
Inistake.— One of (he lower studdmg sails was indeed let fonrardi &i order to 
make her steer ; but -all the rest were so completely destroyed, tad wndwc^. 
wiit for lonice, that it became neccizary tv bend air eatire acar nil. 



t>F THE LAtfi Captain johm HARVEr. 257 

Sronswick, if attacked » should be defended to the last extrc^ 
mitj; all his Officers had but one sentiment on the occasion. 
The French, however, made no attempt upon the Brunswick ; 
and therefore, finding it impossible to regain their station, it 
was judged necessary, in order to save the Ship, to bear away 
for Port : favoured by Providcncei and good weather, she 
first made Cape Clear, in Ireland ; and then coasting it up 
the Channel, anchored on the evening of the eleventh at St« 
Helens ; and the next morning proceeded to Spithead* 

As onr biographical memoir draws towards its close, it will 
powerfully awaken the commiserating regard of every reader % 
and recal to the memory of the brave companions of Captain 
Harvey, that heroic fortitude, and patient endurance, which 
this illustrious QfHcer displayed in his last moments. 

He was wounded early in the a&ion, by a musket ball, 
which tore aw^y part pf his right hand \ but this he carefully 
concealed, and bound the wound up in his handkerchief. 
Some time after this he received a violent contusion in the 
loins, which laid l^im .^Imost lifeless on the deck : from this 
severe blow he hQwever. rallied his strength of mind, and 
continued on .the quarterrdeclc, dire&jng and conducting the 
ailion ; until a double-headed shot splitting, struck his right 
arm near the elbow, and shattered it to pieces : this seems 
to h^vp been about half past eleven, just after his encounter 
with L'Achille. Growing faint through loss of blood, he 
was npw compelled to retire \ but when assistance was offered 
to conduft him below, he nobly refused it — 1 will not have a 
single man leave hh quarters on my account ! my legs still remain 
to bear me down into the cockpit. In this wounded^ and shat* 
tered state,, he essayed togoj when casting a languid| yet 
affefiionate look towards his brave crew — Persevere^ my brave 
hidsy in your duty ! continue th j^tiion with spirit for the honour 
of our King and Country ; and remember my last^ words — THE 

CoLOTTKS*'0F THE BrUNSWICIC SflALL M£V£& BE STRtJCK ! 

When b^ at length bad reached the surgeon, surroundec^ 
by the maimed and dying, who were involved in smoko. 

sxdL in. M M 



ft^jS IXOGftAPBlCAt UBMOIfc 

ind tttlphiir ; he displayed a fortitude that nothing eouU 
affeft, and a tenderness of aiFeAion towards his crenr, 
which all the anguish of bis wounds could not diarinisfa. 
About sun*8et it was found necessary to amputate his arm 
akbove the elbow.-— On the Brunswick^s arrival at Spithead^ 
Captain Harvey was the next morning conveyed on shorcf aC 
Portsmouth s where, after bearing the most excruciating pain 
with Christian resignation, be was released from this world, 
and lost to his Country, on the thirtieth of June* 

His lamented remains being carried to Eastry in Kent, 
were deposited with every reaped, an affeftionate sorrow 
<;ould bestow, in a vault in that church ; and the following 
inscription points out the hallowed spot to posterity. 

^ In A VAULT, NEAR THIS PLACB, ARE DEPOSITED THE 

iBMAiNs OF Captain John Harvet, late Commander 
OF HIS Majesty's Ship BairNswicK ; who after glo« 

HIOUSLY supporting THE HONOUR OF THE £riTISH 

Navy, ON the memorable fiest of June, 1794, under 
Earl Howe, died at Pc^rtsmouth on the thirtieth 
of the same month, in consequbncb of the wounds 
he received in the engagement ; aged fifty-three. 
" The House of Commons, to perpetuate his most 
gallant conduct on that day of victory, unani* 

MOUSLY VOTED A MONUMENT TO HIS MEMORY IN WeST- 
MINSTER-AbBEY ; HIS UNTIMELY DEATH ONLY, PRE- 
VENTED HIS BEING HONOURED IN THE FLAG PROMOTIONS 
WHICH TOOK PLACE ON THAT OCCASION. 

^ In HIM HIS AFFLICTED FAMILY, AND NUMEROUS 
FRIENDS, HAVE SUSTAINED AN IRREPARABLE LOSS ; HIS 
PUBLIC CHARACTER BEING ONLY EQUALLED BY HIS PRI- 
VATE VIRTUES.'* 

He there does now enjoy eteraall vest 

And happy ease, which thou doest want and era? e. 

And farther- from it dally wandercst : 

What if some little Pajrne the passage have^ 



or THl LATB CAPTAIN JOHff HA&TIT* J^ 

That makes frayle flesh to feare the bitter wave ? 
Is not diort Ptpie well borne, that brings long eaKf 
And layes the Soul to sleepe in quiet grave ? 
Sleepe after toyle, port after stormie seasi 
Ease after warrc* death after life, does greatly please. 

Spbnssk* 

It is a singular coincidence of events, that Captain Harvey, and 
Captain Hutt of the Queen, were companions in a post-chaise fix>m 
Xjondon, on joining their respefUve Ships, previous to their last cruise : 
they both lost a limb in the adion ; died on the same day ; and are 
both recorded on the same national monument raised by a grateftd 
Country to their memory. 

Captain Harvey's widow is allowed a pension of one hundred pound* 
per annum : his two minor children, Edward^ aqd Sarah, twenty-five 
pounds each ; the former until he comes of i^, and the hitter untfl she 
marries. 

Arms.] Argent, on a chevron Gules, between three bears gambf era^d 
l^ble, three procents Or. 
Crist.] Two bean gambt erased Sable, lappcffting a crsicent Or. 



NAVAL ANECDOTES, 
COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &c 

HAIITtl IN SUEOITI TA*Tql 

ISO. xin, 

i^amu of tk prmapal Officers of his Majettfs Ship BeumswiCK| on 

the First <f June, 1 794. 

f QAPTAIK JOHH HARVEY, John Bridgemaa, B^iswom. 

f Rowland fievan, Secmi^ William YcUa&d, Cmrpnttr, 

William Ga^e Kemble, Third, Rpbprt Forrest, Surgeon, 

Abtcut at sick quarters, Fqurtk' Francis Qraham, Fmrter, 

f Charles F. Wintour, Fifth. Rev. Willtam GfiStii, Otpkk. 

Georgt Allen Spencer, Afiitig UmiU * Csptain Sannden, ofikt i^h Btg, 

Geai|^ Stewart, MmsSw. \ fintigfi Harcourt Vcmoo, J>its»^ 

* Mr* Thoiiu(ft Dalton, MoU, Mr. Hiirdis» Midshipwuau 

Mr* James Lucas, DiUo, ^c. &c. 

Official Letter from Rear-Admral Henry Harvey {Brother to the hM 
Captain John Harvey), Commander in Chief of his Ms^estj^s Sh^' 

• JLUlcd. t Wounded. 



'99^ KATAL ARECDOTfit 

and Fesielt ai Barbadoes, ami tie Leeward Idands, JiMteJ ffVatt 
d'Espagne, ur the Gulpb of Paria, Februaiy xi» 1797, io Mr^ 
Nepeaa. 

8im» 
I HAVE the honour to acquaint you^ for the informattoii of their 
Lord^ip«» that it having been determined an attack should be made 
<Ai the Island of Trinidad, both with a view to that colonji and to the 
Spanish squadron which had been there for some time past, the troopt. 
intended for this expedition from Martinique were accordingly cm- 
barked in the Ships of war, and transports* and I sailed from Fort 
Royal Bay, the twelfth instant, with the Ships and vessels of hia 
Majesty's squadron under my command.— Lieutenant-General Sir 
Ralph Abercrombie embarked with me in the Prince of Wales. 

The Invincible had previously sailed for Barbadoes, with two 
transports, to embark a part of the fourteenth regiment ;, and the 
Thorn and Zebra were ordered to receive the detachment from 
Tobago. The Favourite was sent to St. Vincent to coUtd some 
troops from that island ; and the whole Were ordered to rendezvous at 
the island of Cariacou, one of the Grenadines, on or before the thir- 
teenth ; and on my arrival at that island, the fourteenth, I found all the 
Ships and transports were assembled. 

On the fifteenth, in the morning, I sailed with the squadron and 
transports, passing between Cariacou and Grenada ; and on the nx« 
tccntH arrived off Trinidad, and stood toward the Gulph of Paria ; 
when having passed through the Great Bocas Channel, at half-p^st 
three in the afternoon, the Spanish squadron were discovered at anchor 
in Shagaramus Bay, consisting of four sail of the line, under the ib^ 
. of a Rear-Admiral, and one frigate. 

As the day was well advanced before I approached the Bay, and the 
enemy appeared in strength on Ga^araux Island, which commanded 
the anchorage, by batteries ereded for that purpose ; I ordered the 
Arethusa, Thorn, and Zebra, to proceed a littk ferther op the Gulph, 
and anchor with all the sransports. The Alarm, Favourite, and 
Vidorieuse, were ordered to keep under sail above the transporta 
during the night, and prevent any vessels sailing from Fort d*£spagne* 
In the evening, just before dark, I anchored with the Ships of the 
line, in order of battle» c^poeite the enemy's squadron, within random 
shot of their Ships and batteries, and in constant readiness to prevent 
their escape dining the night; which I suspected they might attempt^ 
as aQ their sails were bent, and they appeared perfedUy ready for 
jailing. 

At two odock in the morning of the seve^jteenth, we discovef«4 one 
of their Ships on fire^ and soon after tl^r^e others, all of which bur^ 



C0UM1£RCIAX, HINTS^ HECOLLBCTIONS, ScC. 



d£l 



With great fury optS near day-light, when they were entirely consumed. 
One of them having escaped the conflagration, the boats were sent 
from the squadron, and she was brought out without having received 
any damage* 

I have great satisfa^on in acquainting their Lordships, that this 
squadron of the enemy, commanded by Rear-Admiral Don Sebastian 
Ruiz de Apodaca, were destroyed or captured, according to the list I 
herewith inclose ; and although this service was effe6^ed without any 
Other a6i on the part of his Majesty's squadron under my command, 
than being placed in such a situation as to prevent their escape ; I am 
fully convinced, that had they remained at their anchorage until the 
next day, the Officers and men whom I have the honour to command, 
would have completed, by their exertion and zeal, the capture of the 
whole ; notwithstanding the advantage of their situation, under the 
cover of about twenty pieces of cannon and three mortars, which were 
mounted on Gasparaux Island, and had been placed there for the sole 
purpose of defending the Ships in the bay : that island, which, like 
the Ships, had been abandoned during the night, was taken possession 
of soon after day-light by a party of the Queen^s regiment. 

General Abcrcrombie, early in the morning, joined the Arethusa ; 
and the troops were all landed, in the course of the day, under the 
dire6lion of Captain Woolley, covered by the Favourite sloop, about 
three miles from the town, without opposition : the General ' took « 
possession of the town the same evening, and tlte eighteenth the 
Governor desired to capitulate for the whole island, and the articles 
were agreed tdj and signed the same day ; a copy of which I herewith 
transmit* 

Captain Harvey, of his Majesty's Ship Prince of Wales, will have 
the honour to deliver this dispatch, from whom I have always expe« 
rienqed the greatest zeal and attention to his Majesty's service. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

HENRY HARVEY. 

Zh0 tf,^t Shipt rf War iurwi and captured u$ Sbaganmos Bay, im tbc Gulpb ^ 
Paria, l^ebruarj 17, 1 797, by the S^uadrom under the Command rf Rtar Admiral 
H. Hahv£y. 



jSan Vincentc, 84 guns 

Gallarado, 74 

' Arrogante, 74 

'SanDamaao, . 74 

/^anU Ccciliai 36 



X 



Rear-Admiral Don Sebastian Ruiz 

de Apodaca, 
Captain Don Gcronimo Mendoia, J> Burnt, 
Don Gabriel Sorendo, 1 

Don Raphael Bcnesa, ^ 

Don Torcf Jordan, Captured* 

Don Manuel Urtesabel, BuruU 



S6< NATAL AHICDOTftly 

rABNCR EXPEDITION TO EGTPT# 

Hie romantic expedition against Egypt> attempted by the Frencli* 
is not the first which this ambitious nation has .made against that 
country. In the middle of the thirteenth century* Louis IX. led % 
powerful army and fleet to achieve, as be hoped, the conquest of 
Egyptt 

Louis wintered in the Isbud of Cypruii, and early in the ensuing^ 
spring sailed from LimazOf with iBoq vessels for Damietta, whidi 
place he took possession of without opposition^ alter defeating the 
Egyptian army which resnted his landing.' The French, having 
received their reinforcementSf proceeded to advance into the country ; 
but the march was so slow, from the arms of the Nile, or laige rivulets, 
being continually to be dammed up, that it was nearly six monthi 
before they appeared before Mansoura, about fifteen French leagues up 
the river. The Nile at this place is of considerable width, and it was 
necessary that it should be passed, in order to attack the town. The 
French endeavoured to raise a mound, but the attempt was defeated by 
the Egyptians, who showered stones oq the workmen, and destroyed 
the towers and galleries by means of the Greet fire / — This fire, it 
appears, was most tremendous in its effe^. Savary, in his intelligent 
Letters on Egypt, describes it thus, on the authority of JoinviHc, who 
was an eye-witness : — '* The fire which they cast was as large as a 
tun, with a long burning tail ; its noise in the air was like thunder, 
and it seemed a flying dragon. The light it gave was so great, that I 
could see throughout the camp as clearly as in open day. It consumed 
any inflammable body on which it fell, without a possibility of its 
being extinguished.'' This wc are to presume was a species oivnUU 
fire, the art of making which has been lost in EuropCt After two 
months ineffedual labour, on the part of the French, to raise this 
mound, an Arab discovered to them a ford, by whidi they were 
enabled to pass. Mansoura was attacked ; but the result was still 
unfortunate to the invaders. The van of their army, haying advanced 
with top much precipitation, was nearly cut off, and the wain body 
attacked in such a manner as to be compelled to retreat* The 
French, who had again entrenched themselves, fought with such despe* 
ration, that the Sultan, Touron Shah, took the resolution of starring 
them into a surrender. He sent a quantity of boats on camels' backsil 
which he manned and plaped in an inlet, and whence suddenly ap* 
pearing, they succeeded in cutting off the French supplies from Da- 
mietta. The Egyptian galltes attacked the French fleet most furiously,^ 
killed one thousand soldierS} and look Jifty boats ladeq with |iro^ 
visions. ' ^ 



*^ The £gypdao8/' says Savary^ <* thus become maiterB of the . 
liver^ there was no Jonger any communicatioQ between the camp and 
Bamtetta. Scarcity^ wtth diseaBe^ its dreadful atteodaiity soon aiM« 
ceeded $ the woaodod, wanting ntttriment^ perished* and the dead bodies^ 
floating on the river and the canal, corrupted the air. A destnMftifa/ 
epidemic malady ravaged the armyi and few of those who were 
attacked escaped death. Their flesh dried on their bones, and their 
livid skin was spotted with black. Tlieir gams were so prodigiously 
sweDed that they could take no food until the excrescences were cot 
away ; all who underwent this operation shrieked most lamentaUy* 
'Such was the condition of an army lately so flourishing/'"— All the 
Arabian authore agree in giving a terrifying description of the sitaatioB 
of die French, ehcompassed by enemiesf and a prey to all the hom»r» 
of famme and disease. 

A second fleet of supply was attacked, out of whidi ooe iressci only 
escaped. The intefligence brought by this Ship determined Louis IX* 
to retreat to Damietta. This retreat was equally disastrous. After a 
series of misfortunes, the King and his army were compelled to sww 
render as prisoners. Their Hves were frequently endangered^ and they 
finafiy purchased their escape from £gypt at the price of an immm a e 
ransom, considering die high value of money in those days. 

IN. addition to the receipts for salting beef, given in our second 
volume, we add the following new mode, as adopted by Dr. Bhtae : 

*' Mr. Fletcher, a Navy Surgeon, mentions that spicesi being anti. 
septic bodies, might be substituted for part of the salt in curing pro* 
vision, and this would, no doubt, be an improveoKnt in the sea 
vidualling. The quantity of spice he proposes forv every barrel of 
beef or pork is four ounces of black pepper, and as much allspice, and 
dso eight ounces of nitre in powder. It may be finther alleged as an 
advantage of spice over salt, that it would be less apt to run into brine, 
which robs the meat of the greater part of its nourishment. Since the 
hst edition of this work was published, I have made some trials of 
curing beef by half the usual quantity of salt, and in place of the other 
half I caused^ to be added to every hundred pounds one pound of 
pounded pimento, and as much powdered juniper berries, and an 
ounce and a half (liquid measure) of muriatic acid. The powdered 
spkes were mixed with the salt, and rubbed on the beef ; and the acid 
mixed with the pickle, used in the common method of curing beef. 
I sent part of it to the West Indies ; and seventeen months after it 
was cured, and about iburteen months after being in that climate, 
R was opened by dire^aon of Rear-Admind Ford, who obligingly 
Undertook to superintend the experiment ; and the report made was. 



S64 ITAVAL AKiCDOTEty te« 

tltat it was perfedly tweet andjoicy^ and so fresh that salt woaldhate 
been necessaiy to give it a rdtsh, had it not been for the apioet. I 
kept by^me io London some that was cured at the same time, and in 
the same manner^ examining it at different times ; and found that it 
«aa perfefUy good at the end oi fi*ue jtaxu*' 

ON the thirteenth of August, 1789, died Lieutenant G. Green of 
Newcastle^ in the Russian service* He led the van of the Russian 
iect in the attack of that of Sweden on the thirteenth of August, and 
vaakiDed before the enemy was defeated. He was one of those 
persons only that escaped from the wreck of the Stirling Castle man 
of war in the West Indies, 17799 after undergoing incredible faard« 
■hips. He served, on board the Formidable in the eng^ement with 
Count de Grasse, when his cool intrepidity and resolution recom-. 
Blended htm to the notice of Sir Chades Douglass, and Admiral 
Rodney, who got him promoted to a Lieutenancy. At the con* . 
elusion of the war, he entered into the Russian service as the best 
aseans that then remained of obtaining honour, where his abilities 
soon reoomnaended him to Admiral Greig^ who gave him the rank of 
Captain in that service. His life was glorious, his a£tious noble, and 
his merit deserved those rewards in our service which doubtless had the 
war continued he would have obtained. 

GENERAL MACKENZIE. 

THIS veteran, when Cgmraander iu Chi^f of the Chatham division 
of mariues during the late war, was very rigid in the duty^ and among 
other regulations, would suffer no Officer to be saluted on guard, if 
out of his uniform* It one day happened that the General observed a 
Lieutenant of Marines in a plain dressy and though he knew the young 
0£Bcer intimately well* he called to the centinel to turn him out : the 
Officer appealed to the General^ saying whq he wa^ ; /' I know you 
not," replied the General ; <' Turn him out I" — A short time after the 
General had been at a ^mall distance from Chatham to pay a visity 
and returning in the evening in a blue coat, claimed entrance at the 
yard-gate. The centinel demanded the countersign; which the 
General not knowing* desired the Officer of the Guard to be sent for ; 
who proved to be the Lieutenant whom the General had treated so 
cavalierly. — " Who are you ?/* enquired the Officer* " I am 
General Mackenzie," was the reply. <' What without an mtform f'^ 
rejoined the Lieutenant ; <* Oh ! get back, get back, impostor ; th( 
General would break your bones, if he knew you assumed his name I" 
The General on this made his retreat ; and the next day inviting the 
young Officer to breakfast, tpld him^ '* He bad done his duty witb 
veiy commendable exa&KSSr 



I »«^ 3 



KAUTICAL PAPERS* 



ON BRITISH NAVAL ARCHITECTURE* • 

Sr RAt^H triLLETT, ES^ F. A. W A. 55. 

f 

AN Roglishmancan hardly be supposed to want cuHosity in what« 
ever relates to Naval Architedure. To the present state of it 
in his own conntfy he owfes aU its present importance. In itself, it 
displays the highest exertions of human skill and science ; in its con* 
sequences, the most beneficial ad^ntages to every other society as well 
as his own, and unites mankind in one general participation of the 
benefits peculiar to every distant part of the world. It is therefore 
hoped that the present attempt^ imperfe^ as it is^ will be received- 
with indulgence, and perhaps excite some abler pen, guided by more 
ample materials, to do justice to the subject. 

Besides what I havcf been able to colled from our printed histonea* 
I wds so fortunate as to purchase five large volumes of manuscript 
accounts fi«om the libraty of the Earl of Oxford* They had been 
coUeded with much industry by Mr, Fortescue, who was a Commit, 
tioner of the Navy during the retgns of Charles the Second and James 
the Second ; and they were presented by Mr, Francis Fortescuci his 
son» to Lawrence Hyde, Earl of Rochester, and President of the 
Council in that of William the Thfrd. Three of the volumes appear 
to have been in the possession of Mr, Conduit^ Sir Isaac Newton's 
nephew* All the ^it came into the hands of that great coUedlor Lord 
Oxford, and at hi^ death into Mr. Osborne's, who bought his library. 
From Mr. Osborne I bought them, I have alto had some assistance 
from Mr, Hayward's own manuscript book* Mr, Hayward was 
Master-Butlder of Woolwidi Yard for a great many yean, and died 
only about the year 17449 at the great age of eighty*seven years. 

As I have derived considerable help finom these manuscripts, I have 
thought it proper to mention this account of them, and how they came 
into my possession, 

' The accounts of our Ntrvy are but few, until the reign of Henry the 
Eighth ; but as the oiEce of Admiral was established so early as the 
reign of Edward the First, and perhaps of John ; and we find Fitz 
Allan appointed Admiral of Engknd by Richard the Second ; and 
Spehnan hath given us a list of Admirals ff om Henry the Third ; we 
may infer that olir Princes had some Ships of their own, besides the 
^Kxasional ones furnished by the cinque ports. &c* The first instance 
I know of, and that a curious oncj as it mentions cannon employed on . 

tool* III. N N 



266 MAV^ICAL ?A»IR8» 

board a Ship, occurs in Rymer's Foedera» voL viti. p. 44,7. It » a* 
order to Henry Somcr, Keeper of the Private Wardrobe in the Tower, 
to dchVcr to Mr. Lovcncy, Treaaurer of Queen PhiUppa, Queen of 
Sweden, Denmark, and Norway, who was then sent by her undc 
Henry the Fourth to her husband* in the Ship caHed The Queen't 
Hall, the following military atoreft : 1 1 guns, 40 Rkrat fittiverit pro 
gunnes, 40 fetrai pro gunnes, 40 tampons, 4 touches, i mallet, 
2 fire-pans, 40 pa^y^t 24 bows» 40 sheaves of arrowSj pro Sttffara 
^usdem navis, ordinata pro aula cjusdem Regiae. 

Henry the Fifth, at his first invasion of Frances appears to have had 
two large and beautiful Ships of hit own, with purple taila, the one 
called the King's Chamber, the ot^r his HdL 

Edward the Fourth had several Ships of his own, which he employed 
aometimes in war, and often for trade, in which he deak largely. It 
Appears from Canning's monument in Redclift Church at Bristol, that 
he, at one time, furnished this Prince with 2470 tons of shipping to 
purchase hia peace, among -which were the Mary and John of 900 tons, 
and the Mary' Radclifie of 500 tons, being two of the largest Ships 
belonging to any £ngliahman in that early period that I know of, 
though many of that size, and larger, are to be found among ihe 
Genoese and Venetians at that time. 

In 14S1 he issued the following order : ** Rex dtle£^osibi Richardo 
Symondes, magistro rutvu nostrx vocatx Le Grace dt Dieuy salutem. 

*« Cum nos quandam armatam potentiam ad proficisccndum supra 
fliare in resistcnttam iilius infidelis et antiqui inimici nostri regis 
Scoiorum ordinavimus, assignavimus te ad tot mftrinarios quot pro 
gubertatione et conduAione navis prediAae necessarii fueriat et-oppor* 
tuni, Mamqui inveniri potermnif tarn infra Bhertatu quam eitra^ arestan* 
dum et captendum, et eos in nave prxdi^la, nobis ad vadia nostra 
deserviturosy ponendum et poni faciendum. 

** Consimilis litene regis patentis diriguntnr personis fubscriptis sub 
cadem data, viz. Roberto Michelson magistro navia re^u vocatx Le 
Henry, Richardo Hubbard magistro navis regis vocatc Le Anthony $ 
Johanni Stevens magistro navia rtgu vocatse Le Great PoYtingaU^ 
Johanni Hamond magistro navis regis Le Spagnard-; Walter Cokkee 
magistro navis regis vocatae Le Henry Ashe ; and to five vother com- 
manders, who had not shipps belonging to the king, but seem to 
have been hired." Rymer, vol. xii. p. 139. 

N. B. We find that pressing of semmen for the King's service waa 
prafliscd at this time, perhaps even earlier. 

It appears that our Ships were now buik larger ; for in the eailier 
stages of them I am apt to suspeA they were much amaller, and oven 
coDfistcdi for the most part^ of lingle^dcckcd vcMcli> with «ne xanl 



navticai;. papers* 167 

only. In the-famous armada of Edward the Third, though It consisted 
of 1 100 vessels, the men on board them were only 1 1,1 66> very Lttlc 
more than ten men per vessel ; and though, in the proportion of those 
furnished by London, we find them a little bigger, they do not exceed 
twenty-six men per vessel even in that class. 

It is therefore to the reign of Henry the Eighth that we must look 
for the establishment of a regular Navy. Before his reign. Ships were 
hired occasionally from the Venetians, the Genoese, the Hanse Towns, 
and other trading people. These, with the others supplied by the 
cinque ports, formed the strength of our English fleets. As soon as 
the «ervice was performed for which they were hired, they were 

tllsmissed. 

Henry, aware of the inconveniency of suddenly colIe£Ung such • 
sea force as his frequent wars on the* continent required, resolved to 
form such a permanent strength at sea, as his political views* and the 
growing state of trade, at that time so much increased by the disco- 
vei-ies of the East and West Indies, and the enlarged communications 
with our neighbours on the continent, seemed to make necessary. 

The recent introdu^ion of cannon on board Ships of war, had also 
inadc it necessary that the size of them sliould be enlarged. 

And though there were some few at that time employed in the 
businesses of commerce that were pretty considerable, as we see in the 
case of those belonging to Canning, the number of them was small, and 
their general size made them very incompetent to the purposes of war 
in the manner it began to be carried on. 

To execute this plan, Henry esublished building yards at Wool- 
wich, Deptford, and Chatham. He was at first obliged to hire foreign 
artificers, as we find by a curious report made to James the First in the 
year 1618, in answer to a commission issued by that Pnnce to his 
several Master Builders. The report is as foUoweth : 

'' In former times our Kings have enlarged their doininions rather 
by land than sea forces, whereat even strangers have marvelled, const* 
dering the many advantages of a Navy; but since the change of 
weapons zndjigbtt Henry the Eighth making use ofltalum sbipwrigbUt 
and encouraging his own people to build strong Ships of war to carry 
great, ordnance, by that means established a puissant Navy, which in 
the end of his reign consisted of seventy vessels,^ whereof thirty were 
$hips of burthen, and contained in all 10,550 tons, aad two galleys : 
the rest were tm^ barks and row barges from eighty tons downwards 
to fifteen tons, which scrvied in rivers, and for landing of men. Edward 
the Sixth in the sixth year of his reign had but fifty-three Ships, con- 
taining in all I I1O05 tOBSy with 7995 men, whereof only twenty-eight 



l6S KAUTICAL FAFERi. 

vesaeb were Awe eighty tons each. Queen Mary had but forty-nk' 
of all sorts/' AH this from the report. 

Thpugh we are not acquainted with all the particular Shfpt th^t 
formed the Navy of Henry the Eighth, we know that amongst them 
were two very large ones, viz. the Regent and the Harry Grace de 
Dieu ; the former being burnt in r4i^> 10 an engagement with the 
French, occasioned Henry to build the hitter. However zf we con- 
aider the Ships that formed the Navy in the first year of Edward the 
Sixth as the Navy left by his father, which i* think we may fairly do, 
we shall be suqirised at the state to which he had raised it. Our 
worthy member Mr. Topham having already given as that list, makes 
it unnecessary to repeat mine. I only beg leave to observe, as it gives 
weight to my own manuscript ^^ount of it, that my own accomnt 
states It at 1 lyOO^ tons, and that given by Mr. Topham at 1 1,748 
tons. As mine ia taken in the sixth year of Edward, the fittle 
difference may be explained by the decay of some of those left by 
Henry, and not replaced, in the pacific minority of Edward, if they 
ever were till the time of Elizabeth i for we find a more consickrable 
decline in that of Queen. Mary. 

Mr. Topham hath noticed a cnrions indenture that passed between 
Henry the Eighth and the Lord Howard in the year 1512 ; but as 
he hath not given it at length, and it may be well considered as many 
of the regulations that have taken place since in our Navy, and contains 
a respeftable nnmber of Ships that constituted the ficet, it naj be 
worthwhile to introduce it at length here. 

•• Henry Yllh anno regni tertio, anno Dom. t^iz* 

•* Indentura inter Dominmn Rcgcm, et Edwardum Howard, Capi- 
taneum g^eralem armata^ super mare, witnesseth, that tiie said Sir 
Edward is retained towards our said Sovereign Lord, to be hi^ 
Admiral Chief and General Captain of the army, which his Hrgfiness 
haih proposed and ordained, and now sctteth to the sea, for the safe- 
guard and sure passage of his snbje^ls, firiends, a^ies, and confederates. 
. ^ And the said Admiral shall have under him, in the said service, 
three thousand men harnessed and arrayed for the warfare, himsetf 
accounted in the same number, over and above seven hundred soldiers* 
manners, and gunners, that shall be in the iting's Ship, the Regent, a 
thousand seven hundred and fifty shall be soldiers, twelfc hundred and 
thtrty-three shall be mariners and gunners. 

<< And the Admiral promiscth and bindeth himseH* to oar said 
Sovereign Lord by these presents to do nnto his Highness such service 
of war upon the sea, with the said army and Navy that he shall have 
UBderhiini at by the King's own mission nade to bim fgr the samci^ 



KAurrcAL rAPBM* 969 

under hh great seal, certain instru6lioTi8 signed with onr said Sovereign 
Lord's hands to these instruments attached, and hj these presents, he 
is committed^ deputed* and ordered to do ; and as to such a Navy and 
army in such case it doth belong and appertain, during our said Sove- 
leign Lord's pleasure, 

** And the said Admiral shall have, for maintaining himself, and his 
diets and rewards Jaifyf during the said voyage, ten shlUings, 

** And for every of the said Captains, for their diets, wages, and 
rewards, daily during their said Knise, tlghtecn pence^ except they be of 
the King's sferysy which shall be contented with their ordinary 
^ges* 

♦* And for every soldier, mariner, and gunner, be shall have every 
inonth during the said voyage, accounting ttweniy^eixht daus for the 
^niby fifue shiffings for his wages, and Jive shilTtngs for his nfiSualr, 
saving that they shall have certain iieaJ shares, as hereafter doth ensue, 
of all which wages, rewards, and vi6bual -money the said Admiral shall 
be paid in manner and form following : He shafi before he and hit 
fetinue enter into the Ships, make their moustres before such Cook: ' 
missioners as shall please our said Sovereign Lord, by the hands of such 
as his Grace shall appoint for himsdf, the said Captains, soldiers, 
mariners, and gunners, wages, rewards, and vi6taal-money, after the 
rate before rehearsed, for three months thcfn next ensuing, accounting 
the month as above. 

'* And at the same time he shall receive for the cost of every Captain 
and soldier yb»r. sh'diings ; and for the cost of every mariner and gunner 
tVfetUy pence \ and at the end of the said three months, when the said 
Admiral shall with his said Navy and retinue resort to the port of 
Southampton, and then and there revif^ual himself, and the said Navy 
and army, and retinae, he shall make his moustres before such Com* 
missioners as it shall please his. Grace the King therefore to appoint 
yithin hord ; and after the said moustres so made, he shall, for him^ 
self, the said Captains, soldiers, mariners, and gunners, receive of oor 
Sovereign Lord, by the hands of^soch as his Grace shall appoint, new 
wages and vi6lual<money, after the- rate before rehearsed, for the said 
three months next ensuing ; and so from three months to three months 
continually during the said time> the said Admiral shall have also for 
himself^ the said Captains, soldiers, mariners^ and gunners afore the 
bestowing their bags, baggages, and vi^iuals ; and for the explmt of 
the said service of war, at the cost and charges of our said Sovereign 
Lord, eighteen Ships, whereof the names and portage hereafter ensue* 
in such manner rigged, equipped, tackled, decked, and furnished with 
fitillery, as to such a voyage and service i<a the hcMiour of the said 



^J0t HJLVTICAU QAfStS* 

^▼ereign Lord» and the weal of the journej^ ibaU be thought to h» 
Grace and hie G>uncil necessary and expedient. 

•* .The mid Admiral shall have ior hxs dedc shares of the Ships as 
hereafter cnsueth ; that is to saj, for the Regent, being of the portage 
of looo tonSf fifty dede shares and four piOotys ; also £or the Ship- 
Mary Rote, of the pcirti^e of 500 tons, thirty dede shares and a half ; 
for the Ship called the Peter Pomgranate» being of the ports^ of 400 
tons, twenty-three dfide shares and a half ; lor the Ship called the 
Nicholas REedaf being of the portage of 400 tons« twenty-three dede 
shares and a half ; for the Mary and John, being of the portage of i6o 
tons, twenty-fonr dede shares and a half ; for the Ann of Greenwich, 
being of the ponu^e of 160 tons, twenty-four dede shares and a half; 
for the Mary George, being of the portage of 500 tons, twenty dede 
ihares and a half ; for the Dragon, of the portage of 100 tons, twenty- 
two dede 'sbaies and. a half ; for the Barbara, of the portage of 140 
tons, twenty dede shares and a half ; for the George of Falmouth, 
being of the hurthen of 140 tons, twenty dede shares and a half ; for 
the Nicholas of Haunpton, of the portage often scwc tons, twenty two 
dede shaics and a half ; for the Genet, of the portage of 70 tons, 
twenty-two dede shares and a half ; for the Christopher Davy, of the 
portage of 160 tons, twenty-two dede shares and a half; for the 
Sabyon, of the portage of 1 20 tons, tw'enty dede shares* 

*« And for the Yidualling and refreshing the said Ships with water 
and other necessaries, the said Admirid shall, over and above the said 
Ships, have two ^rajsrs^ the one being of three score and fifty tons, 
%9herein there shsll be the master, twelve naarinen, and one boy ; and 
every of the said masters and mariners shall have for his wages five 
•hillings, and for his vi^usd- money firt shillings for every month, 
accounting the month as above ; arid every of the said two boies ehall 
have for their months wages two shillings and six-pence, and for their 
vitals five shillings ; and either of the said masters shall have three 
dede shares. And the other crayer shall have a master, ten mariners, 
and one boy, being of the burthen of 5 5 tons, with the same allow- 
ances. 

*^ Also the said soldiers, mariners, and gunners, shall have of our 
Sovereign Lord condud-men^f that is to say, every of them for every 
day's journey from his house to the place where they shall be shipped, 
acoountiog twehe miles for the days journey ^ sixpence, of which day« 
they shall have evidence by their oaths before him or them that our 
aaid Sovereign Lord shall appoint and assign to pay them the said wages 
and condud^ money. 

'^ And for as much as our said Sovereign Lord of his costs and 
charges equipped the said army and Navy, the said Admiral bhall 






tiAVTICAL ^APERf. VJt 

ftercFore answer our said Lord thf Me halftA^Sl manner of gains mad 
Vinniogs of >the warre, that the same Admiral^ or his retinue^ or zxxf 
of them, shall fortune to him in said voyage by land or water; all pri- 
soners being chUftarnSf or having our said Sovereign Lord's adversaries 
power, and one Ship Rofalfheing of the portage of 200 tons, or abovr, 
with the ordinance and apparel of every such prize that shall fortune to 
be taken by them in the said war, reserved to our said Sovereign Lord 
all artiHery rpntained within any other Ship or Ships by them to be 
taken : In witness whereof," &c.— Rymer, vol. xiii. p. 326. 

From this indenture it appears that the wages of seamen were only 
five shillings per month at this time, accounting twenty -eight days io 
• the month, a rule observed in every subsequent iucrease of their 
wages, and still pra6^ised. In the reign of James the First I find them 
raised to ten shillings per month ; whether by that Prince^ or his pre- 
decessor, I cannot ascertain ; but I should rather suppose it was done 
by Elizabeth, as Charles the First, in. the- first year of his reign, raised 
thefti to fifteen shillings, which he probably would not have done, if his 
fiither had so recently raised them before. From this indenture it 
likewise appears that the King employed vessels used in trade by his 
subjeds, and that his own were not considerabky at least in number ( 
for, except the Regent and the Mary Rose, I take it the rest wer< 
hired* The insignificant size of our Ships belonging to the Navy is 
apparent also from Ships of 200 tons being called Ships rqyaJf and 
reserved for the "King, if captured. 

But it is not only the size, but the form of building them, that 
renders these Ships so contemptible in the opinion of persons in the 
least acquainted with naval architeAurc ^ for, if we could depend on 
the curious print given to us of the Harry Grace de Dieu, by Mr, 
Topham, it may fairly be pronounced that she was unfit for every 
purpose of navigation, not only in the ocean^ but in the less tempes* 
tuous waves of the Mediterranean, and hardly safe out of a harbour 
«ny where. Another print of a large §hip, published by Mr. Allen^ 
find supposed, with some reasoi\» by Mr* Tqpham, to have been built 
in James's reign, is less uncouth, though still an unpleasant pii^ure of 
tbc state of ship building at this time. If Mrl Topham's conje^re 
be right, we shall find that Mr. Pett» the builder of it, had wonder- 
fully improved his skill in less than twenty*seven years ; for this Ship^ 
called the Prince, was launched in 1610 •, and built by Pett. The 

• •« This year, r6io, tht King builded m most goodly Ship for wsrrc, the Itccl 
whereof was 114 feet iiy length, and the crow beam was 44 feet in length ; ahc 
will carry sixty- four pieces Df great ordioance, and is of the burden of 1 400 tons i 
this royal Ship is double built, and is most sumptuously adorned within and 
widioot, with mli-manner of curious carving, painting^ and rich gilding, being 
in all respe^a theyrettett and goodliest Ship that ever was builded in England 4 



fjt HAtlTlCAL PAFBttJ 

Royal SoTCretgn, built by the same maa io 1637, gives ua the (irtt tidi 
of my knowledge io the art ; and is really an astODisIiing ptoof of th« 
rapid progress it had made } for she continued a useful and valuable 
Ship in our Navy, until the beginning of 'the present century. She 
was in all the actions at sea during the reigns of Charles the Second 
and William the Third, and did great service in the fight off La 
Hogue in 1692^ If» however, this print of Allen's doth refer to the 
Ship called the Prince, it is to be hoped that those built for trade, and 
we find very large ones, some even of 1000 and 11 00 tons in our 
East India trade at this time, were more equal to those distant voyages. 
The most despicable opinion, however, may be admitted as to the 
form of these Ships in the early periods of the art, and how unfit they 
were for carrying the guns allotted to them, when we are told that the 
Mary Rose, a royal Ship of 500 tons, was lost at Spithead by the water 
rushing in at her lower ports, which were placed only tixleai inches 
from tlie edge of the water *• 

In these early periods it may be curious to notice the several gradual 
improvements that took place. Sir Walter Rawlcigh's account is 
very explicit as to many of them. In Birch's edition of his Memoirs, 
vuL ii. p. 78^ he says, '* Whoever were the inventor, we find that 
every age had added somewhat to Sliips ; and in my time the shape of 
our English Ships hath been greatly bettered. It is not long since the 
striking o^top^wuutSf a wonderful ease to great Ships, both at sea, and 
in the harbour, hath been devised, together with the chain pumft which 
taketh up twice as much water as the ordinary did (this hath been 
wonderfully augmented since) ; we have lately added the bonnet and 
the drahUr (sails) to the courses ; we have added studSng safls, (these 
are now added to by stay-iailsf top^gaUani'Sath^ iprit^sAsIi, and top* 
sails) ; the weighing anchors by the capisten ; we have fallen into 
consideration of the length of cables (they, from another manuscript 
account in my possession, were under eighty fathom), and by it we 
resist the greatest winds that can blow ; witness the Hollanders that 

and this glorious Ship the King gave to his ton Ifairy, Prince of Wales ; ani 
the a4th of September the King, the Qneen, the Prince o£ Wales, the Duke of 
York, and the Lady Elizabeth, with many great Lords, went unto Woolwich 
to see it launched, but becauie of the narrowness of the dock, it coufd not theh 
be launched ; whereupon the Prince came the next momiog by three of the 
dock, and then, at the launching thereof, the Prince named it after his own 
dignity, and called it the Ptince/' The great workmaster in buildmg this Ship 
was Master Phiniet Pett, gentleman, sometime Master of Arts at £aumnel 
College, Cambridge. 

• It is not improbable that this was the Ship, and not the Great Harry, of 
which Mr. Allen published the print from an old pi^ure, and is a valuable 
intcnnediate step between that Ship and the Royal Sovereign, built by the saiue 
master in the reign of Charles the First. Vide Stow't Chronicle, p. 994. 

He also mentions a merchant Ship, butlt the year before, in 1609, by the 
£ast India CMnpsny, of x^oo tons. 



KAVTICAL PAPERS* 273 

^cre wont to ride before Dunkirk, with the wind at N. E. tflaking a 
lee- shore in all weathers ; for, true it is that the length of the cable 13 
the lifeof the Ship in all extremities ; and the reason is, that it makes so 
many bendingsand wavesy as the Ship riding at, that length is not ?h\c 
to stretch it^ and nothing breaks that is not stretched : we carry our 
ordnance better than we were wont ; for, in King Henry the Eighth's 
timei and in his presence at Portsmouth, the Mary Rose, by a little 
sway of the Ship in casting about, her poits being within stxtcfti inches 
of the wateo was orersct and lost." He says again, in p. 95, 
** She must carry ^put her ordnance in all weathcrS, provided that the 
lowest tier of ordnance must lie/oi/r^^/ clear above the water, when all 
her loading is in,'* To proceed with Sir Walter's observations, in 
p. 99 ; speaking of the ordnance, he says, ** there is a great super- 
fluity, many Ships having 40 pieces of brass cannon, and only twenty 
gunners to manage them ;" and he thinks that twenty or thirty pieces 
9f brass cannon, demy-cannon> culvcrine, and demy-culverine, are very 
sufficient. 

Indeed, unless the proportion of the larger pieces was very small, 
I do not sec how the Ship could bear them ; especially as in p. 94. 
he recommends a Ship of 650 tons in preference to one of 1200 tons 
(this possibly refers to the Royal Charles, built at the very conclusion 
of James's rcign) ; and says, *' she can carry as large, though not so 
many, guns.*' He recommends a dock to be built at Plymouth (at that 
time not established), and mentions among other improvements, that 
the second deck should be raised* 

All this, and a great deal more, hath been done since his time ; for 
the cables, which then were about seventy-eight fathom, are now one 
hundred and twenty ; and two cables an end are frequently made use 
of. The size of the anchors hath been increased : the sheet-anchor of 
the first Royal Sovereign weighed only 44001b. though she was about 
the size of our present seventy-four gun Ships, viz. about 1651 tons, 
whose sheet-anchor weighs 67001b. ; the sheet anchor of the Prince, 
burthen about 1230 tons, weighed only 320olb. ; that of our present 
sixty gun Ships, about the same tonnage, viz, 1220 tons, weighs 
53Colb. Another considerable improvement occurs in the masts and 
yards of the two periods ; for as wc have with great judgment 
increased the weights of our anchors, we^havc, with no less knowledge, 
decreased the size of the masts and.yards. The main-mast of the Prince 
was 102 feet long, the diameter of it three feet three inches; the 
main-mast of our sixty gun Ships, as above, is only 94 feet 10 inches 
long, diameter two feet seven inches and five-eighths. I am not able 
to ascertain the masts and yards of the Royal Sovereign ; it may be 
sufficient to observe that the main-mast of our present Royal Gfeorge, 
iiol. 111. o o 



174 DISQUISITIONS ON SHIP-BUILDING. 

burthen about 2300 tons, it only 117 feet long ; that she hath one 
deck more than the Prince, which probably takes off eight or nine fiect 
of that length : the diameter of it is only three feet two inches and 
seven-eighths) not quite so thick as that of the PriHce, although almost 
double her tonnage ; the main-yard of the Prince was 96 feet long, 
diameter two feet ; that of our sixty gun Ships main-yard is 84 feet 
two inches long, diameter one foot eight inches and five-eighths. 
Any person acquainted with the importance of diminishing the weights 
above water of a Ship as much as possible, will be s^sible of this great 
improvement ; as also of the redudion in the quarter gallenes of our 
great Ships. Those in a ninety gun Ship are now not larger than 
they used to be in our old forty gun Ships ; the poop royal, in our 
present first lates is omitted, and that enormous weight aloft takeif 
away ; nothing is given to parade ; the height between decksy at least 
in the cabin part, is lessened almost two feet* 

That great seaman Sir Walter Raleigh eirly observed the great 
mischief accriu'ng to the service by building in prvvate yards, and 
recommends strongly that no large Ship shonld be builded except in 
the King's yards ; for that all such Ships did not endure : and this 
evil still attends all such Ships as are built by contra6^. 

If the construction of the Ships was so rude and impcrfeA at this 
time, the manner of fighting them does not seem to have been much 
better ; for we find in the aftion in 1549, between the two great fleets of 
France and England, the former consisting of ninety, and the latter of 
oric hundred vessels ; that after a close fight o^iwo hours, the French 
historian, M. du Bellay, observes, there were not less than three hun- 
dred shot fired on both sides. Lord Rodney^ in his memorable engage- 
ment in which the Ville de Paris was taken, informed me himself, that 
he fired eleven broadsides from his own Ship ; which, as she carried 
ninety-eight guns, was probably almost double the number fired on 
both sides between these two mighty fleets* In the eariier state of 
naval engagement, before the introdufiion of cannon, the manner of 
fight was still ruder, and more barbarous ; for the combatants fought 
on platforms raised on the decks of the vessels, something, I suppose, 
like those at Otaheite, as described by Captain Cook ; and endeavoured 
with the beaks of their vessels (the ancient rostrum) to sink those of 
their opponent ; or, by a brisk exertion of their oars, to break those of 
their enemy, and thus render them unmanageable* This mode of fight 
continued to 1213 ; and was pradised in the great fight, that year, 
between the French and English fleets. It must have been attended 
with a great deal more slaughter than that which hath followed the 
use of cannon •. [To Ite coniimsed. 

• From the eleventh voliime •£ Archasolooia, page 154; read Feb. ^4, 



C 275 ] 

ON THE CHARACTER AND PROFESSIONAL 

DUTIES OF SEAMEN. 

{From Naval Sekmohs preached on hoardhis Majesty's Ship Impetueiix • 
in the Western Squadron during its Services off' Brest, ^^ James 
Stanibr Clarke^ F» R. S, Domestic Chaplain to the Prince.) 

*■ I. A Life of Peitl £avotirabl« to the attaioment of Virtue. — 2. The 

Knowledge of God derived from the CootemplatioD of hu Works. — 
3. The Christian Religion. — 4. The Necessity and AdTantages of 
Obedience.— 5. On the Naval CharaiSer. — 6. The Disciples in the 
^ Storm.'-7. St. Paul in the Storm.— 8. On the Love of our Countr7.— 

9. On the Delusions which seduce Men from their Duty.-* 10. Thanlc»- 
giving Sermon for Naval Vi£Loncs» 

■ *< IT £T no one among you then lament, that he is obliged to 
-^-^ pra6^i8e the virtues of diligenc?, and perseverance. Let 
no one repine, that it should be his allotment to get his bread with the 
peril of bis life. Have you not, when encountering the fury of battle, 
found your minds elevated and ennobled by its dangers ? I here address 
myself unto those who can so well answer the question. You must 
remember what superior sensations animated your souls, when, pre- 
^ paring For adion, yon first beheld the line extending to oppose the 

arrogance of an approaching enemy." 

^ Yon, therefore, should justly value a situation so honourable to 
yourselves ; whose very dangers lead to glory, and whose perils maybe 
said to promote the general welfare. Yet should you in any moment 
of weakness, to which we are all subjed, be disposed to regard the 
state of indolent, ina6live men with envy ; a succeeding moment of 
reflef^ion will recal the natural-animation of your minds. The voice 
of Duty, and of that ambition whichinvigorates it, shall make you blush 
at any inglorious wish for ease, which might have stole into your 
hearts ; and you would then consider it with aversion and contempt. 

«« The noble exploits of the British Navy may be said to glow in 
the brightest pages of our Country 's annals, and to obscure those of its 
enemies. To trace their renown, however pleasing and grateful to a 
mind that long has contemplated them with astonishment and grati- 
tude ; would claim a portion of time that cannot now be allowed me, and 
a more brilliant eulogium than I have language to express. 

** I well know, and am proud to declare, the cliarafteristic virtues 
of British Seamen. They are eminently distinguished by a never 
failing love of their Country ; by humanity towards their fellow^* 

* When commanded by John Willett Payne, Esq. now Rear-Admiral of the 
Blue. 



276 oil THB CHARACTER AND DUTIIS OF tEAMElT. 

creatures ; by moderation in vidlory ; by a noble disdain of the 
severe hardsliips of their profession, and an elevated sense of its glories. 
Nor am I insensible to the dangers they encounter, or the suScrings 
they undergo. I know, my fellow Christians, that you get your 
bread at the peril of your lives ; but I also know it to be your pride, 
and your com olation, that this Is done in the service of your Country, 
To you, with all those brave men, wherever they may be, who arc 
employ td i.i its defence, your Country looks with the most perfeAcon- 
fi.lcijce ; not only for the prote6lion of its laws and liberties, but of its 
most holy Religion. In the united charafter of Britons, and Christians, 
Bhc looks to you tor the permanent security of her Constitution> and 
tht inviolate san<^ty of her Altars." 

SECOND SERMON* 

■ " No opportunity can be more adapted to enforce the pra£iice of 
such Contemplation, than the immediate moment, when you arp 
dwelling on that Ocean, which forms the moet stupendous objed in 
crcarioTi. ** In the beginning, when darkness was on the deep, the 
spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters ; and whilst all the 
sons of God shouted for joy, he gathered the waters together, and 
called them seas ;*' hltherio^ thah tfjoucome, hut no further, and here shall 
thy proud ivaves be stayed. If ll»ese wonders of creating power have 
escaped your notice, be not in future blind to such glorious means of 
attaining a perfedl convidion of the existence of a God. One day's 
serious examination of the objedls you behold, will oftentimes do more 
to convince the stubborn infidehty of the atheist, than all the arguments 
which learning its»;lf can devise. You need only a mind properly 
trained, and disciplined by Religion, to confound the self suffidencyof 
infidels : — for you could tell them, " that though you had been 
carried by the tempest up to the heaven, and down again to the deep ; 
t lough your soul had melted away because of trouble ; yet, that the 
Lord hath delivered you out of your distress, hath made the storm to 
cease, and brought you unto the haven where you would be. — 

•• Remember the effe^l, which the first sight of the Ocean produced 
upon your mind : an objedi which no one ever for the first time beheld» 
without astonishment and veneration. Who can observe this ?.byssof 
waters, rolling in the greatness of its strength, without experiencing the 
suUimest sentiments of devotion I The philosopher has in vain at^ 
tempted to ascertain, with precision, all its phenomena. The causes 
of the tides, the saltness of its waters, and the very Compass thatdireds 
your course ; have not perhaps yet been elucidated with that perfcdioii> 
which a future period may unveil. 

« Ye who live amid the vicissitudes of contending elements, whose 
repres^ntatiou alone fill» the common beholder, though in salctyj witlk 



OI7 THE CHARACTER AND DUTIES OP SEAMEN. 277 

dismay ; pass your lives in a continual survey of the most sublime 
objeft of nature, which is the Ocean ; and in condudliDg the most 
wonderful work of art, whffch is the Ship that bears you through it; 
Unto you is given to trace the Creator of the wov^,^ in the snblimest 
of its features : you see him in the Ocean, you hear hirh in the Tempest^ 
and look for his protedlion amid the winds and waves. His power is 
alike felt by you, whether you glow beneath a vertical sun, or shiver 
amid a frozen sea. You not only behold the power of God, as it 
appears iu making the storm fulfil his word ; but in the different dimes^ 
to which you are conduced, by a life of perilous adventure. 

** It ;s a natural subje<^ of astonishment, that those who go down ta 
the sea in Ships are ever otherwise than religious and devout charadkers ; 
as th:y see the works of the Lord^ and his wonders in the deep^ they 
could not possibly resist the force of such daily evidence, without the 
fatal influence of Some error, early received, which an heedless inattea* 
tion augments. No class of men, taken as a body, has ever shewn a 
greater rcspedl for Religion, when properly presented to their attention $ 
and however the vices of a few individuals may have drawn uojost 
aspersions on their profession, the religious disposition, and that 
attention to propriety of demeanour, which of late years has appeared 
among you, and been so much cherished by your respe^ve Com* 
manders ; will not fail, if thus continued and supported, to withdraw 
the only shade, which malice or ignorance has often cast over ths 

JfOBLE CHARACTER OF A BrITISH SeAMAN.'' 

SERMON THE FOURTH, 

<< We enjoy, by this means, a degree of security, of public happiness, 
and interior tranquillity, for which a very large and oppressed part of 
Europe languishes in vain. Hence it is, that we exult as Englishmen 
in the honour of our chara£ler, the excellence of our constitution, and 
-a course of national prosperity ; while the Country, whose shores you 
behold ; and against whose insulting menaces, you now offer, and have 
80 long offered, a proud defiance ; contains scenes of confusion and 
disorder,, of tyranny and misrule, of persecution and murder ; at whose 
Jiorrors Europe trembles, and in which all Europe would have been 
Involved, if British honour, British courage, and British power, had 
not stood forth to check the progress of an ambition, the most insati- 
able and cruel. For it is not, my brethren, the Cause of your Country 
alone which is maintained, by thus traversing the Ocean, and displaying 
this glorious assemblage of naval strength, even at the very harbours of 
the Knemy ; but the Cause of every part of the civilized world: 
nations, yet unborn, shall hear your noble exertions related with gn['* 
titude ; and shall make the arduous labours, you now endure, Hhc 
irequent theme of praise and emulation." 



»7^ OV THE CHJiRACTIR AMD DUTIEI OF SIAyER. 

tBKMOV THE FlfTH. 

^ Thtt respcAable statioiiy which you occupy in Society, wHl noC 
yield to any in the honour it hat at all times received ; nor in the zeal, 
h has ever manifeetedy to promote the happiness of mankind, by 
cnhrging the boundaries of knowledge, as well as by forming a more 
cxteBsive diain of union» between the different families of the human 
i9ce» On the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of £dom, did the 
Ships of Solomon increase the affluence and renown of his subjedls* 
In the train of Hiramy King of Tyre, were encouraged those who had 
a knowledge of the sea : and surely, it is not improbable, that ihe first 
idea of the ttupendous stru^ure, which we at this moment inhabit^ 
proceeded from that Ark, which God himself instructed Noah to 
build for the preservation of his family, when Divine Justice de- 
Aoonced the Deluge, which afterivards spread destru6Uon over the face 
of the earth. 

** Nor is the subje^ less worthy of yonr exultation as Christians, 
than as professional men. It equally tends to cast a lustre on the 
mitunJ defenders of our Country ; to inspire them with that zeal, and 
to confirm them in those principles, by the influence of which, through 
afeag succession of ages; their predecessors have been bommreJm their 
fnerailonst mnd were ihe glory of their times. 

" From what class of men did our blessed Saviour sele6i his early 
followers, and some of the first preachers of his Gospel \ Was it from 
among the great, the rich, or the learned, that he chose his disciples ? 
Did he go in search of them to the stately palace, or the crowded city I 
No, my brethem ; it was from the sea shore of Judea, that he called 
men, from their maritime occupations, to follow Him. 

*' Shall ought then, but the utmost zeal for Religion, the most 
decided and constant attachment to their supcn'ors, be seen among 
those, whose charaAer has so long been glorious and renowned ? Can 
any one he found among them, so little anxious to preserve the honour 
of his profession, as to disgrace it by blasphemy and crime ? Some 
indeed from a wanton spirit of levity, and wrong principles, early 
instilled, may appear to be involved in similar errors ; but let us trust, 
that you will endeavour to lessen their number : and though infidelity 
should disgrace the nations of the earth, by unfurling its standard 
among them ; though Christianity, insulted and despised by men, who 
assume the garb of philosophy, has been injured by their impious 
•attacks ; may God grant, that it shall be cherished and supported by 
the unshaken faith of mariners ; who \\ ere the first to plant the Cross 
of Jesus Christ, and to die in its defence/* 

\To he concluded In our next. 



I *79 1 

MARINE SCENERY ♦. 

{From March MONT, by Charlotti Smith*} 

In raarisv vastique ptacent difcrimina Pond! Val, P/^ccm. 

'« QHE now found herself at a greater distance from Eastvood- 
•<^ leigh than she had ever been on the side next the sea ; and 
on the other side the cottage had hitherto limited her Walki The way 
was through lanes bounded by elms, which though not yet' in full leaf, 
were so closely interwoven in the bank with a luxurious growth of 
holly, that nothing was to be seen beyond them — till on a sudden the 
roadf ascending a steep hollow way, opened to a kind of common field, 
forming the top of an high promontory; commanding an immense extent 
of sea, and, for many miles, the indented cliffs of the Western Coast. 
Such was its elevation, that Althea had no notion how it was possible 
to descend to the water. With anxious eyes she surveyed the expanse 
of ocean ; it was indeed a " sliipless sea," neither boat nor any larger 
vessel was to be seen, and she feared the people March mont had expeded 
might have disappointed him. 

The child now shewed her a narrow and nigged descent, made by 
cutting the red clay and stones, of which the cliffs are here composedi 
into a sort of rude steps. Here Althea dismissed her guide, bidding 
her return immediately home ; and then, with less fear than she might 
at another time have felt, descended to the margin of the sea. 

On reaching it, she found herself under an almost mural range of 
rocks, composed of dark earth, and broad strata of reddish -coloured 
stones, horizontally arranged, as if by the hands of man. The place 
where she had descended seemed the only pra^icable part ; for a little 
farther on, the height became tremendous, and the face of the rock 
perpendicular towards the top, while beneath it was eaten by the W9tej* 
into deep caverns : from one of these she expeflcd to see Marchmont 
appear — but, for some time, she looked around her in vain. 

Vast masseSf fallen from the cliffs, were scattered between them and 
the water at the tide of ebb. With the tide of flood, these pieces^ 
worn into grotesque and giant shapes, were half covered by the wares* 
Already the rising water broke rippling round the most remote craggs 
—to their rude surface, clams, limpets, and muscles adhered^ among 
the sea -weed that grew streaming about them. All was wild, solitary, 
and gloomy ; the low murmur of the water formed a sort of accomjpji* 

* Continued frinn Vol I. page 479. 



SSO MAKIKE SCBHERr* 

Diment to the cries of the sand-pipert the pufftM^awi ; while the 
screaming guUy and the hoarse and heavy cormoranty were.heardy aC 
intervals, still louder. Althea^ as she sat on a fragment of stone, 
surveying the scene and liftening to these noises, could have fancied 
herself thrown by shipwreck on some desert coast, where she was lefc 
to solitude and despair. 

The tide rose slowly in so calm a morning, yet it was now so high, 
that it seemed certain the hour could not be far off when Marchmont 
cxpeiled the boat. Again she feared some disappointment, some 
accident ; and quitting her rugged scat, went on towards a part where 
the view along the sands was less impeded by broken rocks. Two 
persons soon after appeared, one of whom she knew to be Marchmont. 
As soon as he perceived Altkea, he sprang forward to meet her. 

—A signal was suddenly given from behind some high rocks to the 
left of that where they sat ; and the boat with Fcnchurch and two sea- 
men in it immediately appeared from beyond a promontory. March- 
mont direAed Fenchurch to bring the boat on (hore farther on ; where 
high cliffs ran into the sea, and shut out all near view of the spot, where 
he was now compelled to take a relu£\ant leuve of Althea. 

When he was gone, she sat down breathless, and with a beating- 
heart, on her former scat ; with eyes fixed on the Sea, she waited in an 
undescribable state of mind for the sight of the boat, and fancied that, 
amidst the low and almost imperceptible murmurs of the tide, she 
heard the dashing oars. Nor was she deceived ; in a few moments she 
saw it slowly appear beyond the promontory. Marchmont was stand- 
ingin it, his looks apparently fixed on the place where he had left her : 
—but the distance was soon too great to allow her to distinguish his 
features. — llie dull haze that had been long gathering over the Sea 
now thickened so much, that the boat and the passennrers in it became 
indistinct ; appearing only L'ke a dark shapeless spot amidst the wide 
expanse of water ; and it was soon afterwards hardly to be seen at all. 
While Althea could trace, or fancy she could trace it through the mist, 
and intervening distance, she remained on the shore ; then slowly and 
icluaantly returned by the rugged steps to the summit of the cliff ; 
and from thence again surveyed the sea, now undistinguishable from 
the sky, all being alike overclouded. She thought, however, that she 
still saw the boat move through the distant waves — till the head-land 
which forms one side of Torbay • seemed to intervene. It was there, 
aa Marchmont had informed her, the vessel lay that was to receive him. 
.Hardly distinguishing her way, she now looked around her to be certain 
that she was in the right road back to the house of Eastwoodlcigh, 

• Berry Head. 



>^ 



hi 






fLkXt XXXI* • 281 

hrgt as it was^ could not be distinguished eren from this high 
gfoiind } twcauae of the numerous tall elms eveiy where lining the lanes 
of this oottiitiy» which in many places appeared like a continual wood. 
yortnnately she had remarked a singular bank of red coloured earth in 
her way, which now served her as a guide to the' steep hne she had 
ascended ; and afterwards her road lay entirely along it» till she came 
to the iTy-dad ruins of one of the lodges of the disparked environs of 
Eastwoodkeigh.-* 

—The day after Marchmont's departure^ the calm stilhiess of the 
Momiog tempted Althea to revisit the shore, which vras in some 
measure a new objed to her ; and would now> she thought^ afford her 
a »danchoiy pleasure. 

The quiet solemnity of the hour, and sc^ne, was not broken by the 
gay and lively verdure of May ; for the distant landscape was softened 
by tfac hazy vaponr, 

PLATE XXXT. 

THE Brunswick having cut loose from Le Vengeur, is pouring into 
her bows a last, and raking broadside : the latter is dismasted* 
water logged, and sinking. The Brunswick is obliged to keep before 
the wind; having eight lower- deck ports shot away, and, many shot 
in the hull : her masts, and bowsprit are also so much wounded, as to 
render it impossible to haul to the wind, without great danger of 
losing them»— -The van of the French fleet passing to windward of her, 
and to leeward of the Queen, entirely separated the Brunswick from 
the rest of the fleet ; and for this reason she would have found it , 
Utterly impra£Ucable to have joined, even if she had been in a condi- 
tion to liave hauled to the wind : — this obliged the Brunswick to 
bear away for England, where she fitst arrived with the glorious news 
of Lord Howe's vidory. 



m 



COR RESPONDE NCK 

MX. EDITOK, 

If the foDowing account of the manner in whrch his Majesty's Ship 
Ekphant, of 74 guns, commanded at that time by Captain 
Charles Thompson, was struck by lightning in Portsmouth 
Harbour, on the night of the twenty-first of November 17901, 
be deemed worthy your notice, it is much at your service. 

THE evening of the twenty -first of November vras very tempestuous 
with heavy rain, accompanied with prodigious large hail, very 
loud claps of tliunder, and strong lightning. At that time there were 
two Midshipmen, and one Quarter Master, looking out on tlie quarter 

®oU III. p p 



til COfkRESPOHDENCB. 

deck, and a manne sentry at the cabin door. An heavy shower of bad 
and rain fallings the above Midshipmen and Quarter Matter took shelter 
under the poop deck till the rain was over. It was then half past 
eleven o'clock P. M. when a terrible loud thunder dap was heard by 
all on board, seemingly to break over the Ship ; the Midshipmen and 
Quarter Master on quarter deck, at the same instant, seeing as if it was 
a ball of fire coming down on the Ship from the elements ; which took 
its diredion to the brass sheaves in the heel of the maintop mast, that 
was then unrigged and struck, hanging in the top rope ; the brass 
sheaves attradling the lightning, it shivered to pieces the top mast 
{torn the heel twenty feet upwards, forcing out the sheaves, and 
sending them as far as the galley ; the top rope, as the top anut came 
down, going right up the midships of the mast as far as it was shi« 
vtred, where it was brought up : the top rope luckily was not cut of 
burnt, or the top mast would have come down by the run on deck* 
The iron hoops on the main mast attrading also the lightning, it took 
the main* mast about twelve feet below the hounds ; and penetrating 
into the centre of the roast, it opened and shivered it downwards near 
sixty feet ; bursting off eight large iron hoops, and cutting off (as if 
done with an ax) several of the wooldtngs of the mast, and drawing 
out all the nails* It went also to the chain and hand pumps, 
which it entirely rendered" unserviceable, breaking them to pieces. 
It left a very strong smell of sulphur in all parts of the Ship ; especially 
On the lower gun deck and orlop deck, with a tliick smoke, the strong 
sftnell of the sulphur and smoke almost taking away the breath ; the 
Ship appearing in several parts as if on fire, occasioned by the eledbical 
lYiatler^running about the decks for a considerable time after the Ship 
was struck. It being very dark and rainy, we could not see the 
damage the mast had received till next morning ; when we found the 
ihain mast entirely gone, it being only supported by two of its pieces, 
and them partly shivered. The cap, top, and main shrouds being still 
r>r. the mast, made us apprehend the mast would go by the board every 
minute. The decks were covered entirely with chips and splinters of 
the masts. We also found five of the iron hoops of tlie mast on the 
forecastle, poop, and booms ; the rest went overboard. We got the 
Prince William sbeer hulk alongside to unrig and get out the mast, 
which was done without any accident. Luckily no h'ves were lost. 

For several days numbers of people came on board to view the Ship. 
A piece of the maintop mast, with part of the top rope still in it, is to 
be seen at the Mabt House in Portsmouth Dock Yard. 

Your humble servant, 

T. S. 

Aa OJictr then ott hoard the EJeJihant* 



CORRBSPONDENCB. 283 

MB. BDITOR, HuUj l^th of April 1800. 

If the following &6l» which I think will be allowed to be an 
extraordinary one^ be thought worthy a place in your uaeful 
aiid entertaining publication^ you wiU please to insert it. 

I am, yours, &c. 

SAMUEL STANDIDGE. 

IN thb year 1752^ having freighted one of my Ships at Hull, loaded 
as cargo for Newport, Rhode Islandt I went Master of her my- 
self; and sailing in April, and going north about (as it is termed)* 
we soon got round the cluster of islands of Orkney* As it wa(b 
sommer weather, no matenal occurrences happened crossing the 
Atlantic Ocean, until we ran the distance of about one hundred 
leagues short of Cape Raze in Newfoundland, in the latitude of 4$ 
degrees north. On the tenth of May, at four o'clock in the morning* 
a man at the mast head called out, '< Land, land, ahead ! steering west 
and by south, wind at south." Myself and mate said it was imposaiblef 
as we were more than an hundred leagues short of Cape Raze in our 
reckoning, and one degree of latitude to the southward. I went up 
immediately to the mast-head, and saw. something resembling high 
land ; the Ship at this time was going at the rate of five knots an hour, 
so that we soon approached near enough to ascertain it to be an island 
of ice, and soon after saw three other islands at a distance from each 
other ; and as our course was dire6lly through them, at four o'clock 
P« M. were near those amazing islands of ice ; and sailing betwixt twoi 
at about a mile distance from each other, I went so close to the wea» 
thermost that we could fire a musket ball on shore. I went up to 
our mast-head to survey it, but was then very little advanced from 
the surface. They were coinposed of very high hills, and in places very 
scraggy, and deep vallies. The largest of these immense bodies of icQ 
we supposed about four miles in circumference, and itsheight above the 
surface of the water must have been equal to that of the rock of 
Gibraltar* We saw them at the distance of twenty leagues, and as 
customary sounded, yet could not find ground at one hundred and fifty 
£ithoms. passing these prodigious mountains of ice, floating iu the 
ocean, we pursued our course to the westward ; and after a run of 
twenty-five leagues fell in with a number of vessels, fishing on the 
grand bank of Newfoundland ; hove our Ship to, and in half an hour, 
with two hooks, caught fifty fine large cod ; at the same time was 
highly gratified in observing the vessels that were near us ; the people 
being so very e^Lpert with their lines, and the cod fish being so abun* 
dant. The following method the vessels of Newfoundland pursue: they 
come out, generallyi early in the week, with six to eight men ; they 

1 



2^4 €0&&KS70{rDBNCt« 

oft fith four men of each stdcy with each man two linety and two 
hooks on each linef in about eighteen to twenty £ithoma water ; and I 
perceived they hauled in two cod at a time, as quick as they could 
haul In the lines and throw them out. Their bait is generally a bit of 
skin of porky or small fish, taken out of the cod. As soon as their 
day's Bshing is over* they head and gut the fishy and throw them over- 
board* In order to their carrying the more. When full* in three or four 
daysy they return into harbour, splits salty and dry them on a stony 
beach ; and thus they are prepared for an European market* and taken 
from thence by large Ships at the latter end of the year, which sul 
from England on purpose to bring it away. After one hour's obaer* 
vation at that time, we made sail, and pursued our voyage; and arrived 
safe at Rhode Island, without any other renuurluUe occurrence. 

What I would remark to Seamen in general who frequent those teas 
is the necessity of a good look out, as it is frequently foggy weadier ; 
cTf in dark nights, those large islands of ice nuiy be very easily run 
against, which is as certain destrudion as the rocks of Nova Zembh ; 
wdlam afiraid naany Ships and lives have been lost by sach accidents. 

On my vmiting upon my merchant» Mr. Joseph Harrison, an expe- 
rienced sea-faring gentlenum, it was not without a considerable d^ree 
of diffidence I rdated to him, the prodigious phcBomena of ice we had 
•cen floating in so Tow alatitude as 44 degrees north. Hesaidhecodd 
not entertain the least doubt of what I had told hnn ; and declared 
that such enormous congcalmentt drifting so fiu- to the southward ; 
though very rarely met with in those latitudes, were not dificolt to ac- 
count for. It is wen known that the tremendous high onountams in the 
country known by the name of the Labtadore Coast, or North and 
South Wales, are etemaliy covered vrith snow ; and the wind blowing 
from the north three quarters of the year, causes such an intense degree 
of cold in the vrinter, as is not experienced in any other part of the 
globe in the same latitude. 

The accumulatingt therefore, of such surprising noantams of ice, 
had probably been occasioned by an uncontmon snowy season in this 
dreai y country ; and the strong winds blowing the snow from thote 
dreadful heights, had collected an immense quantity upon the difts ; 
where congealing in the winter, it formed into a solid and c om paA 
body of ice, from which in the spring these enormous masses had 
btoken ofl'; and the wind blowing generally from the northward^ had 
driitcd them out of soundings along the coast of Newfoundland ; and 
not improbable but they might be earned by the currents, vHsich 
always set to the southward, so far as the latitude of 30 degrees, or 
ferther; they woukl not be entirely dissolved before the month of 
July or August. 



[ »«y ] 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 



yintf of the Russian Empire, during the Relgnof Catherine the Second^ 
and to the Close of the present Century. By William Tookei F. R. S^ 
tic. 3 yds. 8w. i/. *]s. boards. (Foi. IL Pages Sit. Foh llh 
PMgit 6949 cwwdetid,) 

(Conduded from page 133.^ 

THE Aidmlnkjr » «t Pctcnburgk, with an High Admtni at iu 
head^ wiiidi place vras hdd bf tlie Gnwd Duke tm ranj 
ytmu As an Impeiial College it hdbiigs to a following article.--* 
HiBt the fleet ia the Euxine or Black Sea it not under Iti oogmsanoe 
has been already remarked. 

The Baltic fleet in the year 17891 b^dea «u High Adnmal laid 
fl6me other ofBcers of eraisencet had one Adminl (in x 786 thna wwa- 
three}^ faur Vice* Admifah* and fiic Coatre- AdnHiab ; amoagit whMn 
snch Admirals and Vice*Admiiab are not oaaq)ri8cdaa w«feiqp|aiiotod 
to the gaOeyohaiveiiy the Maiine Chdet Catfi, 6r aa genend ffa^ru* 
maatersy gencnl ^oncmdinuiet it wiry ftc. * • > 

To inert the regaktion of Peter L nbtSng to the nadb and ptf 
of the Admirals and Officers, &c. of his fleet, with all the altetationt 4- 
has hithertd mdergoacy wonld only swelt olir pages without being' of 
any utility. A few short notices wiU amply suffice -^lo regard to 
rank : 

The High jUmrai has the nA and pay of a General FieU. 
Marshal in the army. An Admiral has those otti General in Chief. 
A Vice*Admiral Uiose of a Lieuceouit^GeaeraL A Cootre- Admird 
those of a Major- General. 

The Captaifis in the Navy were divided by Peter L into thaee 
dassea : to those of the first dass he gave the rank of Cdlonel ; to 
diose of the secondy the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel ; and to those of 
the third class, that of. Major* Inhere were still the Captaia-Com- 
mandere» to whom he assigned the rank of a Brigadier. At present 
we never hear of n Captain of the third chss ; the rank is allotod as 
follows t 

The Captaio" Commander hABXhc rank of a Brigadier in the army. 
The Captain of the first class the rank of a ColoneL The Captain of 
the second dass that of a Lientenant-O^nd. The Captafn-Lieute* 
nant that of Premier-Major. The Lieuienant has the rank of a 
Captain in the Army, and the Midshipman that of a Lieutenant. 

The fi'st Captoim aoOMtimcs gets the rank of a Major-General, 
without being therefore raised to a Contte-Admind, as was the case 



296 iriTAL htmATtfLM. 

with oar countryman Mr« Gibb«» who stands in the lists as '* Captaro 
of the Fleet, with the niik of Major-General,'' with some others, 3» 
Mclnikofy Odintzoft kc 

The Pay of the General Admiralt or High Admiral, per annum it 
7000 rubles. That of an Admiral 5600 ; a Vice-Admtral 2160 ; a 
Contre-Admiial 1800; a Ca^ain-G>nunander 840; a Lieutenant 
300 ; and a Midshipman 1 20 rubles. It is here to be remarked, that 
the Officers are also allowed dentschiks*, or servants, namely, a 
Lieutenant two, and the rest in proportion* Likewise when they are 
at sea the Oflbers are aUowed table*raoneyy viz* in the Baltic eadi ' 
Officer asonthly seteo rubksr and the Captain somewhat more. On 
bog voyage this aOowance u increased f.— -Formerly erery Captain 
was |imf»ted by the crown with a service of tiker plate ; but tiiis' 
custom has been long left off. 

' • It Karody need be mentiooedf that the Ofikers not ofdy take prece- 
denof acoordiog to their rank ; but whenever that is equal it h settled 
fay seniarity i* Thoa, for instance, especially on board of huge Ships 
vriberc there are sevtnl Lieutenants together, the elder aacf give ordan 
to the younger. - A Cs^ttain-Lieutenant can only have the conunand 
of a frigate.*-On board of Ship* the Navy Officer has the command 
over the Land Ofioer, even in cases where the latter is of higher 
rank I* 

The SaSors are divided into two classes : io the first belong the 
experienced, at eighteen rubles per annum each ; but those of the 
second class have only twelve. But we are very lately assured, that 
the tertial § of cadi of the first class is only three rubles nxty 
kopecks, and that those of the second receive no more than two rubles 
fifty kopecks ; which amounts annually for the first to ten rubles thirty 

* It Ikas lefere been mentioned that these servants are taken from the recmitu 
Dl'hcn the GovemxQCot is apprehensive of burdening too modi the empire hj. 
frequent and numerous levies, the Naval Oflker sometimes must be content 
with fewer, and even with with no dentschihi at all. 

-f Tn the Archipelago, if I am not mistaken, in the Turkish war of 1770^ the 
monthly aUowance was twelve rubles. 

. i He that is oMcr in the service cannot without alTrsiit be ordered by a 
younger ; but when they come together the lattec must resign the command to 
the former. 

I Some Officers of the army unacquainted with this ; and, what is more, some 
Omcers of the guards, who were on board the galley fleet in the year 1789, 
expressed at first great astonishment, and took umbrage at it. The Utter, par* 
ticulariy, thought that nobody but the Empress could put them under arrest. 
But an order soon came from Court that taught them better. 

5 instead of ouarterly payments, as usual in England, all officers and pbcemea 
\p Russia, whether civil, military, naval, or ecdeMaatical» f eceWe thenr pay by 
tcrtlals ; that 1% at three stated times in the year. 



nkWkt LlTBftATUftl* lij 

kopedUf mid for the htter to icfea rubles fifty kopceks *• More- 
over, they are fed- while at tea ; but when on shore each receiTes his 
ordinary provision, as in the knd service.— -The Sailors are not left 
without hopes of promotion ; as the several offices and posts about the 
Ship are conferred upon them according to their good behaviour. 
Any one, who knows how to write« has a chance of being advanced to 
be skipper, in which capacity he has the care of the sails, cordage, ScCm 
and at the same time is raised to the rank of a Captain in the army 
(but never higher), and yet remains skipper as before. The children 
of the Sailors andmaiiues are keptat school, and at length promoted to 
steersmen ; with which they likewise ouy hare the rank of Captain in 
the army, but without, therefore, laying down the post of a steersman* 
—To a Ship of oqe hundred guns the crew is usually reckoned at one 
th ou sand men, in which are included sailors, marines (who are com« 
raonly called battalions)) and the engineers f • But the crews are not 
always complete. ^ 

The harbours for the fleet have been already mentioned, nothing 
more therefore need here be said of them*^ The expence attending the 
maintenance of the Navy was formerly estimated at about 1,200,000 
rubles : in regard to which we are to consider that many articles are 
very cheap in Russia, and that the crews are paid much less vrages 
than in other countries, particularly in England. At present, as a 
greater number of fleets are kept up, and as they consist of fiu: more 
Ships than formerly, the cost must be exceedingly increased. 
. Russia had formerly no more than two dock-yards, those of 
Petersburg and Ardiangel ; to which have latterly been added those of 
Kherson, Cronstadt, and Taurida. The Ship yard at Elherson was 
absolutely necessary while there was no better place at vrhich to build 
Ships for the Euxine : but the situation is rather inconvenient ; not 
only because timber there must be procured at a very high price, but 
also chiefly because large Ships cannot without difficulty be brought 
across the LimaCn ; foi^ which purpose they must be entirely unloaded 
and dismasted. The harbours of Taurida afford far more commodious 
places for dock-yards. 

At Petersburgh and Cronstadt the men of war are construded of 
oak, transported thither from the regions of Kazan at a great expence. 

* Tht« account is from the mouth of a very credible Naval Officer; buC« a* 
It has been advanced by some travellers, that the sailors receive fifteen rubles 
AiODthly, it must b< observed, thlt this ought not to be understi^od of the 
ordinary pay : only some free people, who canie and offered themselves to serve 
on board the galley fleet, received monthly from eight to fifteen rubles. Even 
the Turkish prisoners, who vferc in Petersburgh, tempted by this great pay, 
offered to serve in the galley fiefet. 

f The Swedish Officers who were taken prisoners in the year 1790, confessed 
that the Russian fleet had excellent artillery. 1 heir own fleet was in want of 
artillerists ; and therefore their cannon did far less injury than the Russian. 



ZW NATAL UTItATVtt. 

Indeed iq sefenJ dutiifts much actrtTf tingle oak*trecfl are found ; in 
Lettland and to Etthonity paiticukiiy in the eircle of HapMl, erea 
oak-fon:9t8» but they are ■ma]l» whercaa those of Kaaan and Voronetcfa 
are of pretty luegt growth* Tzar Peter I. ordered them to be care- 
fully spared and encoiin^;ed for the purpoaet of ship buildiDg* 
AccordiDgly foresters were aj^iotedy who had discharged soldiers 
under them ; but these people were a great phgue to the inhabitantsy 
and committed all mamier of excesses amongst them * ; for which 
reason they were abolished in the year 1 76a f. However, etcry land- 
owner is carcfol of bis oaks, as he can always get a good price for 
them. In Petersburg every pood of oak timber, indudiog the ezpence 
of transport, seUs for fifteen to twenty- five kopeeks* 

At Arcbaogd the Ships are buik of the wood of the hrdi tree]:, 
which is very chciq;> ^ a quantity sufficient for the constm^on of a 
Ship of sixty guns costs there, if purchased vrith integrity and caution, 
about three thousand ruUes, and perhaps somewhat more. But for 
particular parts of the vessel oak timber is used, which is also brought 
ihitber from the precinds of Kaaan ||» 



THE FATAL CONQUEST. 

A poem' 

Occssioned by Ac Pettbof tlw brave Sir Rich a kd Gt an till, in the Year fSfr* 
after tustaminK, in the Revcoffe an Enalish Man of War, a Fight of fi6tocn Hows 
against a Spanish Armada of Fifty.thne Sail. 

(Contianed from Page i^.) 

GRANVILLE beholds his Ship inTolv'd in flame. 
And vows to die, or vindicate ier name $ ; 
Meantime the foes from ev'ry quarter pour, 
And shot, and arrows fly !«-*a deadly show'r I 

* For instance, they threw oak honghi ioto the conrt yards of the Tartan, 
•ad then accused them of having cut down oaks ; or bones of pork, and chamd 
them with having kept hogs, which is prohibited by the Mahommedan religioB» 
&c. 

^ . -f Kusching, in the earlier editions of his Geoffraphf , mentioo* a forester still 
in 1770 in the distrid of Kaaan; jt is possible uiat there might be one, but the 
^ficc was abolished in 1 762. 

^ I Some German writers are of opinion, that if the brch afford not better 
timber than the oak, it is at least as f^ood ; this I leave undecided, but 1 doubt it 
very much. At times the fir is used with the larch in eonsiderable quantities. 

K Mr. Busching, in the last edition of his Geography, commits a slight mistake 
in spying, that at Archangel the Ships are built dP the oak timber growing there. 
No oaks at all grow there, at I have been uniformly told by ofiiom belonging to 
the yard ; as well as by our worthy coootr jman toe late Mr. Yeaaaei» who was 
''laster ship-builder there for many yean* 
S His Ship called the Revenge. 



VATAL LITI&ATURB. %Zg 

But checked by GranviU'a wrath toon ahcks their ragVi 
Thef loae awhile the Bptrit to engage : 
His broadside n«w * the huge San Philip felt^ 
A dire salute I but seasonably dealt t 
She quits the hold she can no longer keep* 
Shifts her faint sail, — then founders in the Deep* 
The Iberians aw'dt her hapless &te surveys 
And dread they riiall obtain no easy prey ; 
While the Revenge^ now freed, reloads her side^ , 

IVepar'd to face the Storm she must abide* 
At last reaolvM (shame makes the fearful dare)^ 
The Spaniards rail/ and renew the war I 
From their surrounding Ships new thunders deal* 
Returned in thunders which too well they feel I 
Thick flew their ballsy all to one objed borne. 
With malice winged, returned with mortal scorn. 
Yet Granvill's rigging gone, his vessel goT^d» 
The foes again encourag'd, try to board ; 
And as the fiunt remains of day expir'd. 
By fevering night, by hopes of conquest fir'dt 
Tliousands advance^ as soon compell'd— retreat 
tJnable to sustain such British heat ; 
While on the deck, conspicuous to the vieWf 
Firm Granvin stands, and cheers his valiant crew I 
Exhoits j^-<x>mmends I new life to all imparts, 
. And with redoubled vigour fires their beasts : 
By \\is example each a hero glows* 
And copes undaunted with f unnumbered foes t 
Night now prevaSing had edips'd the day. 
The Sun in pity hid his blushing ray ; 
Fit emblem of the Chief, whose ruddy beam 
Of glory set — to rise to future fame ! 
When, as unheeded through the foe it steered/ 
An English bark {:, at GranviU's stern appealed. 
Noble, the master's name«-a Briton brave 1 
Loth in distress his Admiral to leave ; 
Yet, cruel htc I too impotent to aid. 
He thus bespeaks his leader undismay'd t 

* This Ship havilig received the fire of the lower tier of the Revepge/chsr^d 
^Mth croM-bsr shot, foundered. 

f The Spanish Ships that farrouoded him were filled with soldiers, io soaie 
mn two to five hundred, besides sailors. 

t That Ship was the Geqrge, Captain Noble, of LQB.doo, one af the vidUallsra 
•f the fleet. 

QtoL III* ^q 



t^O ITATAL LlTttATUftS; 

'< Say GranvOl, say what office shall I do ? 

M My bark is hdplesst but my heart is trubI 

^ And most I9 wretched^ bear to Britain's aoast 

« The fatal tidings / hebeUyou lost ?" 

** Consult your safety (Granyill calm replies) 

'< Leave me to fate ! for fate in prospect lies ! 

*' Fair blow the winds, and if they safe convey 

** To Albion's shores,— 4eII| GranviO bid thee say^ 

•* For her dear sake I dar*d th* unequal strife^ 

«* Nor thought her fame dear purchased with my UfeF^ 

The lessening bark recedes ! * the gloom of nighty 
With double horror animates the fight ; 

While pale destrudion thro' the fiery gfade 

Delighted views the havoc Death has made ! 

Fresh Ships advance f ! — to grapple with an bost^ 

Courage is vain, and resolution lost ! 

What good> if numbers are on numben slain, i 

When foes, a countless multitude, remain ; j 

Whose force combin'd the strength of nature foilsy 

And makes the vidor weary of his toils* 

What good, four galleons ;(, whelm'd beneath the deep 

When fifty more renew'd invasions keep ; 

Unceasing rage, which endless aids supply, ^ 

WWIe valour sees no refuge, but to die. 

Yet e'en that prosped quells unmanly fear, ^ 

Resistance gains new spirits from despair. 

Like valiant Hedor on Scamander's plain. 

When Greece defeated moum'd her thousands slain ; 

So Gra^viU through the dusk, erc^ls his head. 
Known by the slaughter'd heaps around him spread; 

When cruel Fate ||, who doom'd his overthrow. 
Gave to his side at length the deadly blow. 

* yt'hfn night came on, the fight was renewed with greaCv vigour and obsti- 
nacy on both sides. 

f I'he enemy still engaging with Dresh Ships, quite overpowered and weakened 
the English. 

I The enemy had fifty three Ships, of which they lost four in the engagement. 
In this fleet were ten thousand men, whereas Sir Richard hsd not above one 
hundred and eighty hands capable of doing duty. He was, during the fight 
which lasted fifteen hours, boarded by fifteen daffeifrilt Shipa^^hit Snip 
receiving eight hundred shot, and was so disabled HbA she lookod like a 
wreck. 

II Sir Richard kept the deck till an hour before midnight, when- he was shoe 
in the body with a mufi^uet bail ; as he was dse^g he received a secuid in the 
head. 



HATAL LITB&ATV&8# tQl 

The woand wUlt dress'd--^ second ball she aent* 
Aixn'd at his head the winged iron went : 
Nor spar'd the surgeon • then his healing art» 
Yet all In vain I the shot had pierc'd his heart, 
Granvin thus wounded, every hope was vain^ 
Yet scorn'd his gen'rous soul to yield to Spain I 
His powder spent, f his warriors thin<{'d by deaths 
In gore imbru'd— or faint for want of breath. 
Fun ninety sickj who on the ballast lay, 
Nor shared the fortune of the adverse day j:. 
His Ship dismasted, naked, and destroyed. 
Like a hulk shipwreck'd, rolled upon the tide* 
While the Iberians summon to submit. 
If life be dear, or safety valued yet 1 
Yet thus the Chief ||, regardless of his wound. 
Bespeaks his remnant crew, assembled round ! 
fFeil/ have your armty myfrlendt, apfrtm'd mfyhi^ 
Jiided my wisif and Jone our Country right* 
But Spain by numbers wntUcates thejidd f 
And overpwvtred by numbers must weyidd f 

IVbat ! shaB nue barterJUetmg Ufefor shamed 

Have we thenjought so long^i^to lose our fame f 

What ! shall we sue on dubious terms for peaee^ 

Or meanly purchase safety with disgriue ? 

Nof let us choose% Me Britonsyfree to fall i 

Let through our Ship the Gunner § point thf balli 

Now let us sini beneath the briny wave, 

Thii Sh^ our eojin, and the deep our grave I 

Nor of our spoils a single plani remain. 

To swell the arrogance of boasting Spain i 

He spoke — but faint his purpose now avails* 

With the few left f , the love of life prevails') 

They urge, that not of safety quite bereft^ 

" Submission timely now alone is left i 

* The nugeon was mortally wounded. 

f Linschotten says the English lost one hundred men, and th^ Spaniards 
ahont four hundred killed atfd wounded. 

\ Ninety of the Revenge's men were sick in th^ hold, and had no share in 
the fight. 

J Box Richard exhorted the crew to yield to the mercy of God, and none else ; 
that at they had, like valiant men, repulsed so many enemies, they should 
sot now impair the honour of their nation, by prolonging their lives a few 
hours or a few days. 

§ The guuner contented to sink the Ship. 

f Was prevented by the majority of Officers* 



%^t VATAL LtTBftATITftK; 

^* StiD might hts Country his devotion dsuni» ' 

<« Still might he livct to vindicate his fame I 
<* Nor ooold the foe a mighty triumph boaity » 

« Their Ship disabled* and in fad was lost I 
« Soon would the seas the helpless wreck devooff 
<* Nor captur'd could she reach the nearest shore*** 
In vain they plead ! 'twas all a fruitless strife^ 
To reconcile the hero now to life $ 
Deaf as the summit of the rocky shore^ 
When tempests howl, or viraves resounding roar I 
Granvill rcjeds their suit— with soul elate ! 
Studious df death*-and vi6kor of his fate I 
Yet anxious still to save so dear a lifct 
His Officers desist * unhid the strife I 
The flag they strike^accept the offered grace^ 
Alphonso glad consents to terms of peace. 
« A nmn of worthi whom virtue taught to know. 
And honour merit, in a noble foe ! 
Quick he ordainsf — to bring with care aboard* 
That Rival, whose misfortune he deplored ; 
But with what pangs was GranviU's bosom tom» 
When from his dear Revenge, a captive borne ; 
His trembling limbs confess his inward smart* 
Confess the anguish preys upon his heart I 
«< Yes bear (he cries), now bear me where you please i 
** Rack these weak limbSf or sink beneath the seas | 
** This noble privilege my soul shall claim, 
** She smiles secure— you cannot wound my fiune.** 
So said*>he i woon'd— his senseless form they bear ^ 
On board th' Iberian Admiral, whose care 
Bids every help of art his wounds await. 
Bids every aid of kindness soothe his fate. 
Strives to compose the recent rage of strifey 
And reconcile the British Chief to life I 
Vain tofl l^-his soul by nature was too brave 
To think of chaius, or stay to be a slave ! 
He scorn'd the bounties conquest would impart* 
And each new obligation broke his heart I 

* Stnuk the flae and surrendered on eonditfon to have their lives saved, and 
to be free from galley or impritonmettC, till they could ransom themselves. 

f Don Alphonso dc Bacon, brother to the Marqnii of Santa Cms, theSpanish 
Admiral, eapretsed a great concern to saye Granvill, for whose courage he 
shewed a great esteem ; and ordered him to be conveyed on board his ovra Ship 
the San P^ul. Sir Richard at (^vipg his Ship lost his iCBKSy though all care 
WW taken of his wounds. 



MATAL UTB&ATVRS; S^J 

Death tluit had spared— took pity on his gmF, 
Granted his pray 'r — ^and came to his relief I 
When thiiSi as Nature's bands disclosing broken 
To his respedkful foes the Hero spoke : 
<' Calmly behold me yield this vital breaib, 
** Once overcdme :<— / dread no second death* 
** For England's glory ^ dearer than my life, ' 
** For the Queen's Famct I bore the deadly ttrtfe t 
** Now with content I ehee the mortal tcencf 
1 << IFh'de no iBthonour cam my conduS stain* 

I ^* Shed in my Country* s cause, my dearest blood, 

<< I DIB WITH HONOUa^^AS A SBAMAK SHOtrLO,** 

He said !— >his fsdt'iing tongue could add no more. 
Short grew his breath *9— and every- pain was o'er 1 
The vanquished Chief resigns his martial fire. 
And e'en in death his foes such worth admire. 
Alphonsoy to display his just regard 

^ To virtue) sees each solemn rite prepar'd f* 

Deep round the windings of the rocky shore. 
His cannons sound the worth he dreads no more | 
Then 'mid the bosom of the ambient wave 
Flale Granvill's form descends in Honour's grave* 

I Ocean's his tomb !— wide as its winds can blow. 

Or with those winds the rolling billows flow $ 
So rpund the Gbbe shall GranvilHs valour rdU, 
And bear to distant climes his dignity of soul ! 



MUTINY ON BOARD THE 
DJNJE FRlGJiTE. 

Particulars of the Mutiny on board the Dahab Frigate, Lo&D PaoBYf 
Comnumdert which toot place on the i^h of March, i8oo« 

AT nightf a little before ten o'clock* when all the Officers were tn 
bed» except the Captain^ the Officer of Mannes» and the Master^ 
the latter (who had the watch on deck) was on a sudden knocked 
down by two of the seamen with cutlasses, and on getting up to defend 
himselff received two severe cuts on the head> and was immediately 
pushed down the hatchway. The noise which this occasioned having 

* Sir Richard Granvill died the second or third day after he was taken* 
I He was buried io the sea with all inneral bonouTB and marks of re^eil the 
Spaniili Admiral could shew* 

I 



994L ' MUTINY OH BOAKD TITft DA/INka FRIGATI. 

alarmed the Marine Officer, he rah ioto tlir cabin toacqaaiift Lord 
Proby ; who instantly endeavonred to force his way op the after* 
batchway, but foiiod it surrounded by a number of armed mutineers ; 
and was cut down in the attempt, the ladder thrown down, and all the 
hatchways secured : unfortunately there waa no possibility of forcing 
them ; ten cutlasses, about four muskets» and some pocket pistols^ 
being the only arms below. Those were coUeded by the Officers, 
and distribated' among' the most trustwworthy of the Ship's company, 
consisting of about forty oien, who were asleep in their hammocks 
when this affiur took place. Etery means was taken by the Officers 
to gain a footing <Mi deck ; but their eiforts proved ineffedual, and the 
next roomix^ the- mutineers* assisted by. five Frenchmen who had been 
taken by the Danaeont ofa vessel she had recapturedf carried her under 
the fort of Conquctf near Brest ; the French corvette La Cblombe 
being in sight* A large party of French troops came on board* to 
whom Lord F!roby« oa being summoned* surrendered btmsdf and the 
finth^ part of his crew ; and they at present remain prisoners at 
Brest, together with the mocineers* except three, who were sent off 
for Piaris. About thirty of the Ship's company* including Officers, 
were absent in prizes. The Danae is a flush vcNd ; the Captain's 
cabin is therefore below. 

A LaTTBR t9iU Editor ntpeOmg the ahvve ivtwh 

SIR* 

HAVING observed that* among the crnmeoos accounts which 
have appeared in most of the public prints* respe^lmg the loss of his 
Majesty's Ship Danae* commanded by Lord Proby* it is in several of 
them asserted, that the mutiny was planned by French sailors, allowed 
to enter as volunteers ; vrt fee] it a duty incumbent on us to deny that 
there were any French sailors vriiatever on board the Danae, except 
five prisoners of war* who were taken on the loth ult. out of a re* 
captured vessel called the Plenty. We therefore- request you • wiB 
immediately insert this contradi^on of that ill-founded report } and 
you will oblige, Sir* 

Your humble servants, 

THOMAS HENDRr,/«/< Sur^tM •fih Dtuui. 
Ayd 1, 1 800. ITIOMAS MILLS, LnH Pmrtn •ftht Domm. 

Fvrther partuvJart respeShg the above Mitttnj, 

THE Danae was taken by a part of the crew, who rose on the Offi« 
cers, and took possession of her about ten o'clock P. M. March i^*— 
The Danae had chased an armed brig* and her convoy, into Camaret 
Bay* the 1 4th of March ; at nine o'dock* the 15th* Jackson, one of the 



MUTIKY OK BOAJLD THE DANAI F&IGATC. t^f 

Captains of the fore-top (a native of Liverpool)^ being in the Master's 
watch, assisted by some priflonersy and a part of the Ship's companyt 
forty-one io number, having been all sworn to secrecy, ru&hed on the 
quarter-deck, knocked down the Master, and cut him severely over the 
tiead~(thi8 was the signal for revolt) : they then threw him down the 
main hatchway, battened down the grating of the hatchways, aver 
iprhich they placed the boats, and filled them with shots, by which 
means the rest of the crew were prevented from retaking the Ship : 
they then pointed some guns aft, and fired through the cabin, but hurt 
po person. Lord Proby hearing the noiae^ with his Officers, at- 
tempted to get up the ladder of the -quarter-deck, bat was sevexely 
cut over the head, and all forced into the cabin, and sentinels placed 
.over them* Jackson then steered for Camaret Bay, came to anchor, 
and sent a jolly-boat on board La Colombe, French National brig, of 
1 8 guns. The Lieutenant of La Colombe returned with some soldiers^ 
and asked Lord Proby to whom he surrendered : he spiritedly answered* 
to-the French Nation^ but not to mutineers* Both vessels then steered 
for Brest ; where they arrived the 17th of March, after being chased 
aeveral hours by the Anson, of 44 guns, and the Boadicea, of 44, but 
escaped. Jackson hoisted the horary and numerical signal, which 
made our frigates suppose she was in chace of an enemy. Lord Proby 
had very fortunately thrown out of the cabin window, and sunk the 
box, with lead attached to it, which contained all the private signals 
«f Lord Bridport. Lord Proby and the Officers were landed at Brest f 
but the crew, including the mutineers, were all miarched to Dinaa 
prison^ to the astonishment of the mutineers ; there to remain till the 
answer of the Chief Consul of the French Nation can be obtained, 
i^dmiral de BrueycSt Commandant of Marine, and all the French 
Officers, behaved with great politeness and attention to Lord Proby 
and his Officers* expressing their utter detestation at the conduA of 
the mutineers. Captain Jaccobe, of the Bcllone, of 44 guns, captured 
.off the Rasses the 1 ith of.OAober, 1798, by the Mtlampus, of j6. 
Captain Moore, aAed in a noble manner ; as he changed all the 
Officers' Bank of England notes, and gave louis-d'ors in exchange* 
Lord Proby and his Officers were to be sent to Valenciennes. 

Jackson, the principal, was Secretary to Parker, in the mutiny of 
the year 1797* It is said Lord Proby was cautioned not to take a 
man on board of his description ; but, as he was an excellent seaman^ 
and had cooduded himself with propriety since his acquittal, his 
^Lordship did not apprehend any danger from him. 



[ 196 ] 

PLATE XXXir. 

From a Drawing by Mr. Isaac Pocqck Jun^ taken from 
the laige Painting by Geokge RoMN£y, Esq. in his 
Gallery at Hampstead. 

ON the first of June (x 773), being Whit Monday^ there arose a 
very high north-west wind, with violent hurricanes and showers 
of rain *• At night, in this storm) the Jongb Thomas, one of the four 
, Ships belonging to the Company, that were still in the Road, having 
lost all its anchors, one after the other, was driven on the sands near 
the shore, at Zout Rwler ; and, in consequence of its heavy ladingt 
•plit into two pieces in the middle* The surge rose to an amazing 
height on the shores towards this side, and Zra/ Rvvier was so swollen 
that it was almost impassable. It is true from the middle of May to 
the middle of August,, the Company's Ships are prohibited from lying 
in the road ; yet it sometimes happens, that the Governor permits it, 
in order to avoid the inconveniences of vidualling and bding the Ships 
in False Baj. Independently of the loss sustained by the Company, as 
well in Ships as merchandize, there perished also unfortunately on this 
occasion a number of the crew ; who, for want of assistance, were lost, 
and met with a deplorable death very near the land. Only sixty-three ' 
men escaped ; one hundred and forty-nine being unhappily drowned* 

The Ship had scarcely struck, which happened just at day-breakt 
wl^en the most efficacious expedients were used to save as much as pos- 
sible of the Company's property that might chance to be thrown oa 
shore ; though I coidd not perceive that the Idut care was taken to 
deliver a single soul of the crew from their forlorn and miserable 
situation. Thirty men were instantly ordered out, with a stripling of 
a Lieutenant, from the citadel, to the place where the Ship lay ; in 
order to keep a strift look- out, and prevent any of the Company's 
tStda from being stolen ; aud a gibbet was erefled, and at the same / 
time an edi£k issued, importing, that whoever should come near that 
spot should be hanged immediately, without trial or sentence of judg* 
ment being passed upon him. This was the cause, that the compass 
•ionate inhabitants, who had gone out on horseback to afford the 
wretched sufferers some assistance, were obliged to turn back without 
being able to do them the least service ; but on the contrary were^ 
together with me, ocular witnesses of the brutality and want of feeling 
shewn by certain persons on this occasion ; who did not bestowa thought 
OB affording their fellow creatures, that sat on the wreck perishing with 

f Thnmbcrg's Travels. 



' YLATB ZXXII. 297 

GoU» h'uog^) and thintj and were almost in the arms of death, the least 
assistance or relief* 

Anothercircumstance contributed to render this otherwise distressing* 
•ccne, still more affliAing* Among the few who were lucky enough ta 
be abk to save their lives by swimming from the wreck, was the gunnery 
a man with whom I was acquainted, and met several times afterwards* 
m the town : he had stripped himself quite naked, in order that he' 
might swim the easier, and had the good luck to come altve to shore, 
which was not the case with every one that- could swim : for many 
were- either dashed to pieces against the rocks, or else by the vWence 
of the surf carried back again to sea. When he arrived on shore, he 
found his chest landed before him ; but just as he was going to open it, 
aid take out his great coat, the Lieutenant who commanded the party 
drove him away from it ; and though he earnestly begged for leave ta 
take out the clothes necessary for covering his naked and shivering body, 
and could abo prove by the key, fastened, according to the sailors* 
chistom, to his girdle, as well as by his name cut out on the lid of the 
dVest, that it was a6hiany his property, he was, nevertheless, forced to 
retreat without cficfting his purpose, by this unmerciful, hero, whd 
^ve him several smart blows with a cane on his bare back. After he 
had passed the whole day naked and hungry, and exposed to the cold 
winds, and was going to be taken in the evening to town along- vvith 
the others who had been savedfrom the wro^k, he again asked leave to 
take.^ coat out of his chest, to cover himself with ; but this having 
been previously plundered, he found empty. On entering the town, 
where he arrived stark naked, he met with 1 bui'gher who took com- 
passion on him, and fent him his great coat. Afterwards he, as well 
as the other unfortunate wretches, was forced to run about the towa 
for several days together, begging for vi^u^als, clothes, and mohey, till 
at length they were supported at the Company's ezpence, and takeo 
back again into its service. 

Another a^ign that does great honour to humanity, deserves. th^ 
more to be recorded here, as it shews that at all times, and in all placesy 
there are both good and considerate people, as well as such as have 
nothing human but the shape. An old man, of the name of Wolt e-t 
MAD, by birth an European, who was at this time the keeper of the 
beasts in the menagerie near the garden, had a son in the citadel, wh^ 
was a corporal, and among the first who had been ordered ot^t tQ 
faarjen hland (Horse Island), where a guard was to be set for 'Xh^ 
preservation of the wrecked goods.. This worthy veteran borrowed s( 
horse, and rode out in the morning, with a bottle of wine and a loaf 
of bread for his son's breakfast. This happened so early that the gibbet 



298 PLATB. ZXXIU 

had not yet been ere&cd» nor the ^edld posted up» to point out to the 
traveller the nearest road to eternity. This hoary sire had no sooner, 
deiiyered to his son the refreshmentt he had brought himt and heard the 
lamentations of the distressed crew firom the wreck, than he resolved 
to ride his horse, which was a good swimmer^ to the wreck, with a inew 
of saving some of them. He repeated this dangerous trip six timea 
more, bringing each time two men alive on shore» and thus saved in all 
fourteen persons. The horse was by this time so much fiitigoed^ 
that he did not think it prudent to venture out again ; but the cries 
and entreaties of the poor wretches on the wreck increasirigy he 
ventured to take one trip more, which proved so unfortunatCi 
that he lost his own life, as on this occasion too many firom the wreck 
rushed upon him at once, some of them catching hold of the horse's 
tail, and others of the bridle, by which means the horse, both wearied 
out, and now too heavy laden, turned head ever heels, and all were 
drowned together. This noble and heroic a&ion of a superannuated 
old man sufficiently shews that a great many lives might probiltly 
have been saved, if a strong rope had been fastened by one end to 
the wreck, and by the other to the shore. Along this rope sither a 
basket or a large copper vessel might have been haided to and finom the 
Ship, with a man in at each time. When the 8t6rm and waves had 
subsided, the Ship was found to lie at so small a distance from thclaad^ 
that one might have almost leaped from it on shore. 

Fol. L pages 270, I, Sj 3, 4, $• 

Dr. Sparman, in his Voyage to the Cape of Good Hope, and 
round the world, notices the above melancholy event. He informs 
OS, that the East India Dired^ors in Holland, on receiving the above 
intelligence, ordered one ,of their Ships to be called after the name 
WoLTEMAiH or as Dr. Sparman spells it Voltemad, and the story 
of his humanity to be painted on her Stem : they farther enjoined the 
regeflicy at the Gipe to provide for his descendants. 

Unfortunately in the Southern Hemisphere, they had not all the 
same sentiments of gratitude. The young corporal, Voltcmad, 
who had been an unavailing witness of his father's having sacrificed 
himself in the service of the Company and of mankind, wished in vain 
to be gratified with his father's place, humble as it was. Stung with 
the disappointment, he had left that ungrateful country, and was gone 
to Bauvia, where he died ; before the news of so great and unexpefted 
a leoommendation could reach him. 



t «99 3 

LOSS OF THE 
i^EEN CHARLOTTE. 



THE I088 of his Majesty's Ship, Queen Charlottey dF iiogimsb 
Captain Todd* bearing the flag of Vicc-Admiral Lord Keith, 
which took fire off the harbour of Leghorn, 00 the seventeenth of 
^ifaroh, 1800, and afterwards blew up, is distressing in the highest 
degree, and painful to relate. It appears she was diq;iatdied by Lon) 
Keith to reconnoitre the island of Cahrtrm, about thirty milei fix>a 
Leghorn, in ^ possesion of the French, and which it was his 
Lordship's intention to attack* On the morning of the serenteentb 
the Ship was discovered to be on fire» at the distance of three or four 
leagues from Leghorn. Every assistance was promptly forwarded 
from the shore ; but a number of boats, it appears* were deterred from 
approaching the wreck, in consequence of the firing of the guns, 
which were shotted, and which, when heated by the fire, discharged 
their contents in every direfkion. 

Lord Keith and some of the 0£Bcers were providentially on shore 
at Leghorn when the dreadful accident occurred* Twenty commis- 
sioned and warrant Officers, two servants, and one hundred and forty- 
two seamen, are the whole of the crew that escaped destruAion 
6ut of nearly nine hundred souls on board, that for nearly four hours 
exerted every nerve to avoid that dreadful termination which too surely 
awaited thenu The only consolation that presents itself under the 
pressure of so calamitous a disaster is, that it vraa not the effeft either . 
of treachery or wilful negled, as will appear by the following state- 
ment : 

Ciramstancet immeiEatefy freciSng and aitenJmg tie cwfiagraAm. 

" Mr. John Bkaid, Carpenter of the Queen Charlotte, reports, 
that about twenty minutes after six o'clock in the morning, as he was 
dressing himsdf, he heard throughout the Ship a general cry of 
^< Fire."— On which he immediately run up the fore ladder to get 
upon deck, and found the whole half deck, the front bulk^head of the 
Admiral's cabin, the main-mast's coat, and boat's covering on the 
* booms, aO in flames ; which from every report and probability, he 
apprehends was occasioned by some hay, which was lying under the 
half deck, having been set on fire by a match in a tub, which was 
usually kept there for signal g^ns.— The main- sail at this time was 
set, and almost entirely caught fire ; the people not being able to 
come to the clue garnets on account of the flames. 

<< He immediately went to the forecastle, and found LieuUnant 
Dundas and the Boatswain encouraging the people to get water to 



30O LOSS or m <^riBir!CifAtLOTTf« 

cxtinguisYi the fire. He applied to Mr. Dundas^ seeing no other 
Officer in the fore-part of the Ship (and being unable to see any on the 
quarter deck* from the flames and smoke between them) to give him 
assistance to drown the lower decks^ and secure the hatches» to prevtpt 
the fire falling down* Lieutenant Dundas accordingly went down 
himself, with as many people as he could prevail upon to follow bim^; 
and the lower deck ports were opened^ the scuppers plugged»tbe main 
and fore hatches secured, the cocks turned,' and water drawn in at the 
pottSy and the pumps kept going by the people who came down, as 
long as they could stand at them. 

*< He thinks that by these exertions the lower deck was kept free 
from fire, and the magazines preserved for a long time from danger ; 
nor did Lieutenant Dundas, or he, quit this station, but' remained 
there with all the people who could be prevailed upon to stay» till 
several of the middle-deck guns came through that deck. 

** About nine o'clock Lieutenant Dundas and he, finding tt impos« 
sible to remain any longer below, went out at the foremost lower-deck 
port, and got upon the forecastle ; on which he apprehends there were 
then about one hundred and fifty of the people drawing wateri and 
throwing it as far aft as possible upon the fire. 

'< He continued about an hour on the forecastle ; and finding all 
efforts to extinguish the flames unavaih'ng, he jumped from the jib- 
boom, and swam to an American beat approaching the Ship, by 
which he was picked up and put into a tartan then in the charge of 
Lieutenant Stewart, who had come otf to the assistance of the bhip. 

(Signed) •« JOHN BRAID." 

Leghority March i8, l8oo. 



Lut of Officers, ^c» *who were on shore at Leghorn* on duty^ ^en 
Majesty^ Ship Queen Charlotte was losU 

Vice-Admiral Lord Keith ; and with his Lordship, 

Lieutenant John Stewart; 

JV^r. Blown, Secretary; 

\.r. Jainc« Meek, Secretary's Clerk; * r 

C>eorge .^utherJund, servant to Lord Keith j , 

A^atthcw Nlilldridge (boy), servant to Lieutenant Stewart. 

The following gentlemen also, in consequence of not knowing that 
the Ship was ordered to sea : 

The Reverend Samuel Cole, Chaplain ; 
R^r. John Greenway, Master's Mate; 
Mr. John Lloyd, > 

^ ^'.r. Charles Rutherford, \ ^^"'»f^ »?«»«"• 

Mr. Wiiham Wakelm» Secrctaxy's Llexk, 



LOU or TBI QffMUH CUAILLOTTK» f}f, 

* lisirftii.OJ^m mid Sb^'j Cpw^aa^ saved /rem tie Wrecl* ^ 

oyncjsRs. . . 

X^eauiuuit ArchibtJd DniT* Mr. Andrew Dickaon, Gimner. 

AJcxandcr Campbell, Mr. Fnm. Ersk. Lock, ) 

' ■ ' ' rion. G. H. L. Dundasi Mr. Thomas Howard, > Midshipmen. 

Of Marines, Lientenanta 'Fergnsion Mr. Charles Wood, ) 

andPeeblei. Mr. John Larby, Secretaqr't Office. 

lfr« |ohn Braidf Carpenter^ 

SHIP'S COMPANY. 
Danid Madden, Robcn Hardy, John James, John Crook, John Hunter, 
Jos. JotUff, John Ingham, James Catchpole, £dw. Dayis, Peter Hepry Frider, 
Charles Geary, Moses Cutler, John Steel, John Milter, John JenningSi 
James Cooper, Thomas Leatherland, William Neville, JaiAes Dad, • ' 
Robert Jones, Nathaniel Ogle, John Woodhouse, Joseph Kearney, » 

William HoUoway^ Samuel' PinUiam, William Ca&ows, Jeaa JLnstow, 
Henry Burnett, James Williams (a), ^leiander Sparks, Robert Bragg, 
John Wood, Patrick Cleary, William Rew, Thomas Murray, Samuel Cook, 
John £r8kin«(a), John Liffin, David Rouet, John Hero, Duncan M'lsaac, 
George Brofvn (i), Thomas Bum, Samuel Linklater, John Keen, * 

Michael' Bulgei^, James Croome, Jean Baptlste, Jamts Bnadley, John Jaduon^ 
James Cline, Edmund Stanton, John Cline, Ignatius' Goxi Isaae Knight, ■ i 
James Berry, John MiUilieu, William Johnson, Abel Aahurst, Tobias X>errick, 
ThqnaasCIawsey, Francis Yates, Francis Burk, Daniel Williams, Richard Lawley, 
Benj. Ayngc, George Green, Nathaniel Godfrey, Joseph Fagen, Arthur Foreft, 
Thoinas Andrews, Thomas HaU, James Menrin, Moses Gott, John Newman^ 
David Vandersall, Jamds JaJnei^ Thomas Neats, Benjamin Aymer, 
Robert Fothringham, WiUiam Shueui Edward Burt, George Standard, 
John. Cooper, Robert Evans, Thomas Williams, Thomas Thompson, 
ConeUus Rummers, Francis Morris, Edward Rees, Jacob Belford, 
Thomas Dyer, John Morrison, John Huddlestone, Thos. Hilton, Wm. Harris, 
James Doyle, Richard Barnes, John Duncan, Robert Kyle, William Tavenor, 
£dward Williams, Thomas Price, John Hepple, John Boyce, James Clark (3), 
Jeremiah Ryan, John Carter, J^n Calligfaan, James JLeavy, Edward Armstrongs 
John Brieson, Patrick Foley, James M*Ouire, Barney M*Guire, Alex. Campbell, 
John Ri)ey, Robert Adams, Graciano Felto, Andrew Dt^harty, 
Edvrard Johnson, James Bell, Admiral's Servant, David Simpson (Hotpltal), 
Charles Kennedy, John Robbs, Thomas* Hardman, Joseph Perkins, 
John Thofflfswi, John Babbage, Thomas Griffiths, Peter Wimbloom, 
John ;FitZ|^bon, Geotgf yTalkcr, William Bowden, John Shorti 
William Marsfaam, Samuel White, John Little, George Mason, Jamea Tanner, 
Walter Nancarrow,. William CampbelL. 



Extra8 of a subtequeta Letter from Legfaom> dated i<^b Marchf states r 

** At eleven p'clock at night, on the i ythi a tartane arrived, with 
thirty English sailors and Lieutenant Stewart, saved from the burning 
wreck of the Queen Charlotte. Soon after five tartanes came in, 
among which was the General Otto Imperial sloop of war, with 
eighty.five seamen, two soldiers, two quarter-masters, twogunners^ and 
a master* carpenter^ in all ninety-two men, who were lodged in the 



30% cost cr TRB ft^ntn 6HAtu»m« 

Scda Snta. Yesterday, towards noon, an Impeiial sdMck broQi^bt ul 
twenty-three seamen, three of whom died* The Triton Englisli 
t i ansport saved an OfEcer and twent)r*siz men. This normng» at 
devcn o'dockf the Queen Charlotte's sloop came in with twenty^fonr 
«aiDen and three Officers." 

From this letter it appears, t&at 197 men had been saved, oat of 
9$^ ; and we flatter ourselves we shall yet receive accoonts of others 
having been picked up. Mr. Udney, the English Consul at Leghorn, 
had used all possiUe exertions to send out vessels to the wreck* 

Captain Todd remained upon deck, with his First Lieutenant, to 
the last nu>ment, giving orders for saving the crew, without thinking 
of his own safety. Before he fell a sacrifice to the flames, he had time 
and courage to write down the particnlarB of this melancholy event, for 
the information of Lord Keith, of which he gave copies to different 
sailors, entreating them, that whoever should escape might deliver it to 
the AdmiraL 

Thus fell vi£tims to perhaps a too severe duty, the Captain and his 
Tint Lientenant, at a time when they stiti had it in their power to save 
themselves : but self-preservation is never matter of considerat»n in 
tiie exalted mind of a Briu'sh Naval Officer^ when the safety of his 
crew is at stake. 

The Queen Chsilotte was, perhaps, the finest Ship in the Britisli 
Navy. She was launched in 1 790, and her first cruise was with the 
fleet fitted out against Spain, in consequence of the dispute respediing 
Nootka Sound* Lord Howe, who was Commander in Chief of that 
fleets was then on board of her ; and she also bore his Lordship's flag 
on the first of June. She wasrated at 100 guns, but mounted more 

WHlHIBBBBBBBBBHBB^BBHaHHHBIi^v 

MR. BDITOa» 

I hope soon to see the following anecdote in the Naval ChrO' 
nicie ; it redounds too much to the honour of British Seamen 
to be passed unnoticed : it may escape the pages of history, 
but I hope not those of a work devoted to* the sea service. 

CM. 

IN the year 1782, a vessel, in the service of the Company, 
returning from the East Indies, was, from storms, &c. to which 
it had been exposed, in imminent danger of sinking. Every body 
prepared himself for his fate ; but eight hardy fellows seizing the 
boat rowed off, leaving the rest of the crew to perish. The sailors 
thus left behind cried out to them to return, not to carry off any 
more of the crew, but only two helpless in fonts, << who," they said, 
** can add no weight to your boat." The fellows returned, after 
having obtained a promise that not a man should set his foot in the 
boat. Tlicy received the iniants^ and again rowed off* Not a man 



AVICDOTE 0V aUTItR SAltOM IfONOVR. JO) 

attempted to nve hit lifei not a man attempted to leap into the hoat ; 
they had too much reaped for the honour of themselTeSy or their 
oomnulea who had made die promiaey and permitted the feUows to 
depart without mokttation« Thus did theae generous seamen in tbc 
hour of deep distreas, forgetting themselves, think only of preserving 
the lives of two iafanu» and (when. there was an oppQrtunity of 
attempting to save their own) scorn the very idea of life that was 
aot conneded with honour* Before the boat was out of sights the 
vessel went down, and every soul on board perished. Another East 
India Ship took up the fellows who had carried off the boat, the 
Captain of which took the two children^ almost dead with cold, put 
them into his own bedf caused them to be rut>bed« and recalled the 
dying sparks of life in their almost frozen bodies. The ehildren are 
BOW alive» and fine young men, returning thanks to that Providence, 
whose hand vntt so conspicuous in the almost incredible circumstances 
iof their presehratton. 



EXTkACTS from tome o£ Loan Nelson's Letters to a Friead« 
illustrative of his Chin6teT ; to which ^ac SimUts of his Hani' 
Writing, previous and iobsequent to the Lots of his Right Arm, 
are annexed. 

MY DEAR SIR, IrPtttstihbf f^Loffis Bay^'Marcb i6, 1797, 

YOUR kttcr of Nov. 30, by Aurora, I only received the be- 
ginning of this month before I left Lisbon • * . * * 

• • »♦ •'• •♦ • •*•♦ 

I am hgx^ looking for the Viceroy of Mexico with three sail of 
the llnci suid hope to meet hinu Two first rates and a seventy-four 

are with him ; but the larger the Ships the better the mari» * * 

* • * * • • • ••.• «• 

The Spanish fleet is in Cadizj the OfEcers hooted and pelted by the 
mobility. Their first repoit was, the a6iion happening on a f(tggy 
day, when the fog cleared up they only saw fifteen sail of the line« 
therefore concluded at \c9&ifi<ve of ours were sunk in the adlibn. My 
usual good fortune attended mey which I know will give you, amongst 
my other friends, satisfaction. ♦ * * * • * •• 
BeKeve me. 

Your most faithful humble servant, 

HORATIO NB^SON, 



^J( BXTKACTt rXON tOMB Of LO&O KBLtOll's LFTTBRt. 

^ II. 

MT DVAR siR» Cttfimn^ 9ff'CaS%i April ro, 1797. 

MA.NY thanlts for your moit kind congFatubtions on our late 
success ; bat I hope soon the good people of England wiU have 
something else to talk about* more recent viAories ; (br if' our 
Ships are but carried close by the Officers/ 1 win answer for a British: 
fleet being always stsccessfaL • • . • • » ♦ • 



The Spaniards threaten us they will come out andtake their revenge ; 
the sooner the better, but I will not believe jt till I see it ; and if 
they dof what will the mines of Mexico and Psitu signify compared 
ijrith the honour I doubt not we shall gain by fighting an angry Don f 

• they luUl have 50 tml of the Une, we 20 or 22 ^ htt I fear <U9t eboR 

have a peace before they are rtaJ^ to eamt oatm * * * * 

• ••• »•»••»#• 

• • • •,« • » 1^ » • •• 

• ■ 

Bdicvt me, dear Sir, 

Your much obliged, 

HORATIO M£JLSON< 

ij»4 III* . 

MY DSAft siB« Theseus^ Jtmi if 1797. 



We are off Cadiz with a greater inferiority than before. I am 
barely out of shot of a Spanish Rear- Admiral ; we have^very day 
flags of truce. The Dons hope for peace, but must soon fight us if 

the war goes on* I wish it all over, for I cannot fag much longer* 

4 •'• •'•*• » • « « % ^ 

Believe me, my dear dr. 

Your obliged and faithful friend, 

HORATIO NELSON. 
P. S. Sam* Hood is gon^ I hope to get rkbeSf sure to get honor m 

^ JBIo. IV. om the other Hde, k a Fac Smile of lord NblsonV L^ 
HamdWri^g. 

* Fac Simile of Lord Nelson's fight hand writing, in the conchtsioa of the 
above letter, it anneicd. ' 



I 



♦ ♦ ♦ 



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[ 305 3 

AOMlKAtTT-OFFICE, D£C. 14. 

Sitirtiif •/ m IsHier fhm Qapttum Ge$rge Losaei, Commander of his MajeOyi Ship 
Jwfflttr, U Evan Nepiam^ JSsf. dshd in TaUtBay, Cape of Goad Hope, the l^th if 
S^i, 1799. 

JKCLOSED T transmit a lift of the captures made by the s^adron during 
their cmise. 

ALiit af Ships captured t recaptured ^ and detained hy hit Majesty* s Squadron cruising off 

the Mauritius, 

La Denr6e, laden with bale goods and coiTee, and L* Augustine (lost in St • 
Augustine's Bav), laden with rum and arrack, cut out of St. Dennis, Isle of 
Bourbon, by L'Oisrau's boau, April ai, 1799. 

Chance, laden with rice (cut out of fiaiasore Roads by La Forte French 
frigate; taken from under the battery at Canon ies Point, Isle of France); 
recaptured April 15, 1799, at anchor off the Isle of France, by the Jupiter, Tre- 
mendous, and Adamant ; afterwards lost near St. Mary's, Madagascar. 

The French schooner Janet, laden with paddy ; taken April 25, 1799, by the 
Star, off Rodcrique. 

The Prussian ship Three Brothers, laden with naval stores and sundries ffrom 
Bourdeauz, said to be bound to Tranquebar, detained going into Port Louisj, 
taken May 7, 1799, ^7 ^^ Tremendous, off Port Louis, Isle of France. 

The brig Elizabeth, laden with rice (taken by a French privateer in the Bay 
of Bengal^ recaptured May 2, 1799, by the btar, off Round Island, Isle of 
France ; afterwards foundered. 

The French schooner Surprize, in ballast, taken May 7, 1799, by the Star, off 
Cape Bmbant, Isle of France. 

The American ship Pacific, laden with bale goods and sugar (run on ihore by 
the French near the river Noir ; part of the cargo saved by the beats of the 
squadron , retaken May lO, 1 799, by the Jupiter, Tremendous, and Adamant, 
off the Isle of France ; afterwards burnt. 

(Signed) O. LOSACK. 

ADMIRALTT-OFFICEt JAN. 4. 

C^ of a LeHer from Vice Admiral Sir Tivmas Patley^ Commander in Chief of his 
Majesty % i>hip% and FetseU at Plymouth^ to Evan Nepean^ Esq^ dated the ^Qtb ult» 

SIR, 

I have the satisfaAion to inclose you, for their Lordships* information, a letter 
that I have received from Lieutenant Peneelly, commanding his Majesty's 
cutter Viper, stating his having captured and carried into Falmouth Le Fnret 
French privateer, of fourteen guns. I am happy on this occasion to congratulate 
their Lordships on the zeal and jjrallantry displayed by lieutenant Pengelly, 
and the Officers and crew of the Viper, which excite my high commendation. 

1 am. Sir, &c. &c. 1 HOS. PASLEY. 

SIR, His Majesty's Cutter Fipsr, Falmouth, Dee, »8. 

I have the honour to acquaint you, that on the 26th inst. at a quarter past 
ten A. M. (he Uodman bearing north seven or eight leagues, I discovered a sus« 
picious vessel to windwai^, standing towards the Viper, under my command ; 
at noon, perceiving her to be an enemy, tacked, and stood towards her, and at 
a quarter paiit brought her close to adion, which continued for three quarters of 
an hour, when she sheered off; 1 had the good fortune, however, after a running 
fight of an hour and an half, to lay her close on board, and upon pouring Vko 
broadsides loco her she struck her colours. She proves to be Lc Furet, of 14 
guns, four-pounders, commanded by Citoyen Louis Bouvet, two days from St. 
Maioes, with a complement of 64 men, seven of which had been sent away in a 
prize on the morning of the day she was captured. Le Furet is quite new,- this 
being her first cruise, is well stored, and viSualled for two months. I cannot 
•peak too much in praise of Mr. Henry Jane, ading Master, from whose Zealand 

S30l III* S s 



3C4 •AZITTt ttTTERS. 

ability I reeeiTe^ every aMistiiice ; nor can I be fully ezpreuive of the ipinte^ 
auad good conduA of the Officers and thip't company. — I am happy to add, that 
we had only one man wounded, and myself slightly hurt ; the sails and rigging 
much cut, and the main-mast, I am apprehensiTc, rendered unsenriccable — l1ie 
loss of the enemy was four men killed i the first and Necond Captains, and six 
men wounded ; four danveroosly. The prize, as well as the Viper, being muck 
disabled in her sails and rigging, I have put into Falmouth, from whence I shall 
proceed to Plymouth as soon as possible. 

BmgUsh /•r««— Viper, of I2gm», four poflilders, and 48 men. 
Fritub F%tc€ — Le Furet, of 14 guns, four pounders, and 57 men. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

J. PENGELLV. 
7« Sir TbwKM Paileyy Batt. Viet- Admiral •/ tie Med^ 
«md C^mmoMder in Chiefs \^e. at Plytiwuth, 

. Exiraa •/ ojutber Letttr frvm Sir Thomas Padty Is Svtm Ne^emm, £1^. dattdtie 

3li<v/^ 

The Aristocrat armed brig has just arrived with L'Avanture French pri- 
vateer, of 14 guns, and 41 men, out ten days from St. Maloes, and had taken 
nothing. 

ADMIRALTT>orriCt, JAN. J. 
Copy ofa Later frwm Mr. George Buckley ^ ColhSlor of the Custom at ^twiaven, to 

Evan Nepeati^ Bsf. dated the J^b irntant. 
SIR, 

I beg leave to inform you, that I yesterday received information that a small 
vessel of a suspicious appearance was lying near the harbour ; on which 1 
immediately went to Mr. Bound, Mate of the Nox cutter, who, with one of 
mv boatmen, and some of the crew of the Noz, manned the custom-house boat, 
who, together with Mr. S. Cooper, Master of the Unity, of,thi« place, assisted 
by some of the coast artillery (which I command), and other persons who 
volunteered their services on this occasion, manned four other boats, and 
proceeded in pursuit of her ; when, after a chacc of about two hours, we came 
up With her, and after a short resistance she struck, and proved to be Le General 
Brune, of Pieppe, burthen about thirty tons, commanded by Citizen Fleury, 
manned with nltccn men, and armed with two carriage guns, not mounted, and 
a quantity of small arms. The vessel and her papers are in mv posses&ion, and 
I have to observe that Mr. Bound, Mr. Cooper, and the whole of the persona 
who volunteered their services on this occasion, deserve the greatest credit 

I am, 6ir, &c* G. BUCKLEY. 

AnMIRAlTT-OrriCE, JAN. II. 

BxtraSl oj a Letter from Mr. Robert Hosier ^ dmmpnder of tbe private Schooiur of 
War the jRevenge, to Evan Nepeati, Etq, dated Viana^ Stbof Dec. 1799. 
T have the honour to acquaint you, for the information of their Lordships, 
that on the 4th instant, at five A. M. in Vigo Bay, 1 was attacked by four 
Spanish privateers, two schooners, a brig« and a lugger, mounting from four to 
fourteen guns. The wind being southerly, 1 kept up a running fi^ht till 1 got 
clear of the islands to the northward, which lasted about fifteen mmutcs, when 
one of the schooners having lost her mizen-mast, gave up the cfaace, and the other 
three immediately hauled uieir wind ; having suffered very much in our rigging 
and sails, it -was not in my power to chase them to the windward, I therabre 
. made sail to the N. W. At two P. M. saw a schooner to the westward, gave 
chace ; at three got close alongside, saw she had Spanish colours fiyiog, desired 
them to strike : on making no answer gave them our broadside, which they 
zcturned, and a smart hit was kept up on both sides about an hour, when she 
blew up close alongside. Our boat being very much shattere(^ it was some 
time before I could get her ready to hoist out, and I am sorry to say 1 was 
enabled to save but eight of the crew, who informed me she was the new 
privateer Brilliant, Ramo de Castillo, Mister, of eight guns •>> U)<1 twelve 
pounders ; had, when she began the adion, 63 men ; had sailed from Ponte- 
vcdra that morning 00 a cruiK 5;^^ Opono, which I am happy in having prt* 



GA|;ETTB LBTTERt. $0J 

Tented, as there are at this time fifty nil of Yesselt off that Bar, whp cannot get 
in, owing to the badness of the weather. 

C9fy •/ a Letter frm VtcfAJmlrtd L^rd Keith, K. B. Cifmmaiider in Chief of hit 
Majesty I Ships and Veueh in the MeiUterranean^ to Evan Nepean^ £iq, dated 
^een Chatkttey at Gibraltar^ Dei. 22, 1799' 

SIR, 

In joatice to the intrepid behaviour of Lieutenant Bainbridge, I cannot resist 
reporting, for their Lordships' information, that last evening an English cutter 
(the Lady Nelson^ was seen off Cabreta Point, surrounded by French privateers 
and gun -vessels all firing, f ordered the boats from the QM(*en Charlotte and 
Emerald to row towards the enemy, in hopes it might encourage the cutter to 
resist until she could get under our guns, but she was boarded and taken in tow 
by two of the French privateers, in which situation Lieutenant Baiobridge, in 
the Queen Charlotte's oarge, with sixteen men, ran alo;.gside the cutter, and 
after a sharp conflidl, carried her, taking seven French officers, and twenty - 
seven men, prisoners ; six or seven more were killed or knocked overboard in 
the scuf&e : the privateer cut the tow ropes, and made off close under the guns 
of Algaziras, pursued and attacked by Lord Cochrane, in the Queen Char- 
lotte's cutter, which had by thi« time got up. Had not the darkness of the 
Night prevented the boats a>5king in concert, all the privateers would have been 
taken. Lieutenant Bainbridge is severely wounded on the head by a stroke 
from a sabre, and slightly in other places, but I trust he is not in danger. 

I have the honour to be, &c. &c. &c. KEITH* 

ADMIRALTT OrriCE, JAN. I4. 

Cafiysf a Letter from yiee^ Admiral Lutvoidge^ Commamder in Chief cf hit Majesty* i 
Ships and Ketulrin the DvamSy ft B¥an Nepean^ Etf, dated the iph instant. 

FIR, 

T beg Ic'ive to inclose, for their Lordships* information, a letter from Captain 
Baker, of hift Majesty's Ship Nemesis, acquainting me with his having captured 
(in company with the Sava'ge sloop) the Renard lugger privateer, of fourteen 
guns and 6s nien ; and that the Savage had re-captured the Atlas, an English 
brig, her prize. I also enclose a letter from Mr. Butcher, Master of the Nile 
(third) lugger (Lieutenant Whitehead being sick on shore, but has since rejoined 
her), acquainting me with his having captured the privateer mentioned in 
Captain Baker's letter. 

The Nemesis, Savage, and Nile, with the prizes, have anchored in the 
Downs. 1 am, &c. 

SKEFF. LUTWIDGE. 

t SIB, Nemesis, Dovmt^ Jan. 13. 

You will be pleased to hear of my having boarded and taken the French 
privateer lugger Le Renard, mounting fourteen four-ponndcrs, two sxN'ivels, with 
65 men, Jean Jacque Fourmintin, Master. She sailed from Boulogne yesterday 
morning m company with six other luggers, and had captured a brie called the 
Atlas, from Lisbon, off Dungeness, but fortunately the Savage was m company 
with me, and Captain 7 hompson quickly complying with a signal I made nim, 
retook the said bng, which 1 was obliged to pass in chace of the lugger. I have 
also to inform you, that soon after I had taken possession of Le Renard, two other 
luggc* -were teen to leeward. We instantly chased them, and came up with 
La Modern, a French privateer lugger that the Nile hired armed cutter was in 
the 9A of boarding. 1 beg therefore to refer you to the Master of her for any 
informaticn you may require, as I had then no opportunity of questioning him, 
my time being taken up in placing the force, accidentally in company with me, 
in snch a situation to retake any other captures that might have been made from 
the Narcissus's convoy as she passed up Channel. 

I accordingly gave Lieutenant Gnyon, of the Union hired armed cutter, orders 
to pest himbelf off Boulogne ; the Master of the Nile lugger off Calais j and 
Captain Thorn pM>n, a choice of either of those ports his judgment best approved* 
7 he htag cutter likewise joined me during the night, and 1 thought prober to 
l^iye the Master of- her difcftions to watch those ports narrowly tiQ monung. 



/308 GAZETTE LSTTKRS* 

The two Inggen and re-captured brig being under my charge, and bartng, t 
hope, tufficientlv provided againct the enemy's depredations, I thought it mo<>t 
prudent to repair with them to the Down*, where I have the honour to inform 
you I arrived at five o'clock this morning. 

T. BAKER. 

SIR, JVi/c, f/hirJJ Dvwns, Jam. 13. 

T beg leave \o inform you (Lieutenant Whitehead being uck on ahore) that 
hisMajcfty's hired lugger under my command, at twelve A. M. captured Le 
Modere French lugger, of four four-pounders, and 4% men, belonging to 
Boulogne ; she only sailed about six hours previous to her being capcnred, and 
had not taken any thing. — I am, &c. 

STEPHEN BUTCHER, Maater. 

Cc^ 9f a LetUrfrom Captain D^Auvergne Prince of BouiiUn^ «/* bis 3dajeiiy^s Skip 
BravOf to EvoH Nepean^ £iq. dated J^rtey^ %tb iiiit. 

• la. 
Having had occasion to send his Majesty's hired armed brig Aristocrat oo 
unmediate service, and Lieutenant D'Auvergne, her Commander, having repre- 
aented to me that he had very particular private business co settle, 1 committed 
the execution of the service to Lieutenant Wray, Firxt of the Bravo : 00 hia 
return from the execution of it he met a privateer, of i>t. M aloes, which he 
captured. Enclosed I have the honour to transmit a copy of hia report of the 
circumstances for their Lordships' information. 

1 have the honour to be, &c. 

D'AUVERGNE Prince of Bouillon. 

SIK, Aristeeraff Fiymotiti, Jam, i. 

I have the pleasure of informing yon, that alter having executed your orders, 
in returning to Jersey on the 3cth ultimo, I discovered a schooner to windward 
that had the appearance of an enemy : after a chace of five hours took possesnon 
of her, Seven Inlands bearing H. S. £. nine leagues She is called L'Avanture 
French privateer, of fourteen guns, four and two pounders, and 4a men, out ten 
days from St. Maloes, without having captured any thing. The number of 
ahot I was obliged to fire before she would strike yety much shattered her ri|^- 
ging, and damaged her gaif, which prevented her getting to windwwd. A 
heavy gale of wind in the night : not saving the least prosped of reaching the 
island, i made the best of my way to this port. 

I have the honour to be, &c. NICH. WRAT. 

MatraB «/' a Letter from Captain Edrward Levesom Goruer, Comtmtamder of tit 
Mmjeity*i Skip Caztor, 'to £vam /^tpeam, £iq. dated at Cork tht y)th of Detewektr 

I sailed from the Tagus on the itst of November, with eight vestels bound 
to Oporto, and five to Kngland ; the former I left off the Bar the 13th ukimo, 
with a favourable wind and tide for entering that harbour. I there captured 
the t^anto Levirata y 'Animas, a Spanish privateer of two gtmt and 38 men. 

AnaiiRALTT omca, jam. iS. 

e^py of a Letter fromt Adaiiral Sir Hyde Parker, Knt, Commamdtr im Chief of iis 
Majtafe Skifii and Veueh at Jamtaica, to Evan Nepeam, £sq, dated am kaaxd 
tbe Ahergenteanyy im Port £«yai Harbour, the %^tb of OHoktr, I799< 

SIR, 

I have the honour to inclose, for the information of my Lords CommissioBera 
of the Admiralty, a letter from Captain Philpot, Commander of his Majetty's 
aloop Echo, stating as gallant and' daring an enterprise, under the command of 
Lieutenant Napier, of the said sloop, as has been executed by any one Ofiicer in 
the service during this war, when it is known that the two boats employed on 
this service were manned with 16 men only, Cfiicers included ; and thaj^, from 
the confession of the Officers of the brig, they were in expe^ation of being 
attacked, and bad held thrmsclvts in a state of preparation for two days and 
two nights. Being well assured there needs no further comment from me to 
induce their Lordships to pay attontioB to men of fuch dittiogvished merit a« 



GAZETTE LETTEKS. 



309 



Lieut Napier appevs to have ,h^ on such a hazardous and hold UD4ertakiB£» 
I ihall implicitly submit it for their Lordships' consideration. 

I have the honour to be, &c. &c. H. PARKER. 

BIKy Scboj at Sea. OSi. ]8, 1 799. 

I beg IcATe to inform you. that 00 the 14th invtant ( chased into X^agoadille, 
the north-west end of Porto Rico, a brij^. Seeing several vessels in the bay, 
some of them loaded, on the 15th I sent the pinnace and jolly-boat^ vnder the 
command of JLientenants Napier and Rorie ; they arrived too late to attempt 
boarding the vessels at anchor ; but had the ^oud fortune to capture a Spanish 
brig from Canana (on the main), bouad to Old Spain, laden with cocoa and 
indigo, and having on board two four-pounders and 43 men. On the i6ch 
I sent the two boats, under the com.nand of i .ieut(*nant Napier and Mr. Wood 
(tlie Boatswain), to cut out what tiiey could from the bay. They arrived at the 
anchorage about two o'clock in the morning, and were hailed from the, brig we 
chased m ; they perceived her to be arm:;d, and on the loolc-out for them, 
moored about half a cable's length from the shore, with her broadside to the 
lea, proteifted by two field -pieces, one eighteen- pounder, and some smaller 
^s^n'i^t guns, all placed on the beach. The boars did not hesitate, but boarded 
her in the bow ; the Frenchmen and Spaniards 'about thirty in number, all upon 
deck, with matches lighted and guns primed, every way prepared for ackion) 
made the best of their way down the hatchways. By the time the cables were 
cot, the guns on the beach opened their ire upon the boau. The third shot» t 
am sorry to say, sunk the pinnace, while she was ahead towing the jolly-boat. 
The brig was several times hulled, but a light breese favouring, she soon got 
out of gun shot. I have every reason to bo pleased with the condud of iAm- 
tenant Napier* and those under him : had I known what they had to contend 
with, I should not have considered myself justified in sending 90 small a foree ; 
luckily not a man killed or wounded ; the only loss is the boat, with the arma 
and ammunition. The brig mounts twelve four-pounders, had thirty men on 
boafd ; is a French letter of marque, commanded by Citizen Pierre Martin, 
£nseiene de Vaisseau, is coppered, and a very fast sailer ; was to sail in two 
days lot Curacoa, there to be fitted as a privateer ; she is American built, and 
has a valuable cargo on board ^ the Captain of her was on shore. 

I remain, &c. ROBERT PHILPOT. 

Mir Hyde Parker^ JT. B. Admiral •fibt BUte^ \^e, \^e, 

Cofy •/ atuflber LetUr from Admrai Sir Hyde Parker^ ta Svan He/eoM^ Es^, 
dsied Fert Royal Harkour, the Ijtb o/OSUer, 1799. 

STJt, . 

f herewith transmit yon, for the information of the Right Honourable the 
JLords Commissioners of the Admiralty, an account of armed and merchant 
^vessels captured by the squadron under my command, since my last letun, 
^£ed the 21st of July last, by his Majesty's ship Magicienne. 

1 have the honoiu: to be, &c. H. PARKBR. 

[Here follows the statement, of which the following Is a samnury :— A pri<* 
vateer of one, and another of two guns, by the Trent j ditto of tweWe guns, and 
«De of two, by the Meleager and Greyhound ; one ditto of two guns, by th« 
Aquilon ; two ditto of four guns, one of two, and one of one, by the Surprise ; 
one ditto of six guns» by the Stork ; one ditto of two guns, by the Musquito ; 
one ditto of eight guns, by the Lowestoffe, Volage, and Swallow ; and one ditto 
of twelve guns, and one ditto of two guns, by the Echo ; with the following 
merchant vesaels : three by the Brunswick, two by the Carnatic, eight by the 
T|vnt, six by the Meleager and /Greyhound, one by the Aquilon, eleven by the 
Surprise, one by the Acasto, three by the Storki two by the ^larm and Amphion, 
one by the latter, one taken and destroyed by the Alarm, six by the Soiebay, 
one bv the ^ eleagcr, one by the Albrieno, three by the Swallow, three by ditto 
and tht JLoweitone and Volage, one by the Lowestoffe, four by the Diligence, 
one by the Fox, six by the Lark, one by the Muvquito, four by the Rccoveryi 
thr^ b/ the ^cho, three by the Sparrow, and five by. the York* 



3X0 GAKBTTB LETTERS. 

AOMlRALTT-OPriCB, JAW. 21. 
^•h ^f ^ LeHerfrwm Sir Hyde Parkir^ Kmt. CommanJer in Chief •/ lit Majeiiy*i 
Sbipj and VuuU a$ Jamaica^ to Evam Nepean^ £sg. dated im Fort Royal Harbour^ 
the 4tb ef November 1 799. 

SIR, 

I have a peculiar •atiifa<ftion in commanicatinff to you, for the informitioti of 
my Lords Commissioners of the Admiraley, tnat his Majesty's late ship Her- 
<iione is again restored to his Navy, by as daring and gallant an enterprise as is 
to be found in our naval annals, under the command •? Captain Hamilton him- 
self, with the boats of the Surprize onlv. Captain Hamilton's own letter, with 
the reports accompanying it . copies of which are inclosed), will sufficiently ex- 
plain to their Lordships the detail of this service, and the bravery with which 
the attack was supported, and leaves me only one observation to make on the 
very gallant a<^Lon which adds infinite honour to Captain Hamilton as an 
Officer, for his conception of the service he was about to undertake. This was, 
Sir, his disposition for the attack ; which was, that a number of chosen men, to 
the amount of fifty, with himself, should board, and the remainder in the boats 
to cut the cables and take the ship in tow. J rom this manceuvre he had formed 
the idea, that while he was disputing for the poiKssion of the ship, she was 
approaching the Surprize, who was laying close into the harbour, and in case of 
being heat oat of the Hermione, he would have an opportunity of taking up the 
contest upon more favourable terms. To the steady execution of these orders 
was ovt'mg the success of this bold and daring undertaking, whidi must ever 
rank among the foremost of the many gallant anions executed by our Navy this 
war. I find the Hermione has had a thorough repair, and is in complete order : 
I have therefore ordered her to be surveyed and v.ilucd, and shall commission her 
as soon as the reports are made to me from the Officers of the yard, by the name 
of the Retaliation. 1 have the honour to be, &c. &c. 

H. PARKER. 

SIX, Surprize^ Port Royal Harhour^jfamaica^ Nov, if 1 799. 

1 he hoDOur of my Country, and the glory of the British Navy, were strong 
inducements for me to make an attempt to cut out, by the boats of his Majesty** 
ship under my command, his Majesty's late ship Hermione, from the harbour 
of Porto Cavailo, where there are about 2cO pieces of cannon mounted on 
the batteries. Having well observed her situation on the aad and 23d ultimo^ 
and the evening of the 24th being favourable, I turned the hands up to acquaint 
the officers and ship's company of my intentions to lead them to the attack ; 
which washandsomely returned with three cheers, and that they would all follow 
to a man : this greatly increased my hopes, and I had little doubt of succeeding. 
The boats, containing ico men, including officers, at half past twelve on the 
morning of the 25th, (after having beat the launch of the ship, which carried 
a twenty-four pounder and twenty men, and receiving several guns and small 
trm5 from the frigate} boarded ; the forecastle was taken possession of without 
much resistance ; the quarter-deck disputed the point a quarter of an hour, 
where a dreadful carnage took place ; the main deck held out much longer, 
and with equal slaughter ; nor was it before both cables were cut, sail made en 
the ship, and boats ahead to tow, that the main deck could be called ours | 
they last of all retreated to the 'tween decks, and continued firing till their 
ammunition was expended ; then, and not until then, did they cry for quarter. 
— At two o'clock the Hermione was completely ours, being out of gun-nhot from 
the fort, which had for some time kept up a tolerable good fire. From the 
Captain, L'on Romond de Chalas, 1 am informed, she was neariy ready for 
sea, mounting 44 guns, with a ship's company of 321 officers and sailors, 56 
soldiers, and 15 artillery- men on board. Every officer and man on this expedition 
behaved with an uncommon degree of valour and exertion ; but I consider it 
particularly my duty to mention the very gallant condu<!l, as well as the aid 
and assistance, at a particular crisis, I received from Mr. John M'MuUen, 
sargcon and volunteer, and Mr. Maxwell, gunner, even after the latter 
Wfts dangerously wounded. As the frigate was the particular objed of youc 
order of the 17th €»f Septepiber, I have thopght proper to return into pori 



GAZETTE LETTERS. 3lt 

With her,— Enclosed I trammit you a list of captures Jurin'^ the cruise; ako 
two lists of killed and wounded.— I liave the honour to be, &c. &c. &c. 

E. HAMILTON. 

A List of the Killed and Wwnded on board the Spinisb Frigate Hermione^ laU 

bis Majesty*! Ship Hermione^ tvhen captured by the Boats of bis Majeufs Sbif 

Surprize, wider the Command of Cabtain Edxoafd Harnilhft, in Forto CavalU^ 

08. aj, 1799, '''^ general Statement of the Complement on board, . , 

Prisoners landed at I'qrto Cavallo the same day, out of which there were 

97 wounded, mostly daneerous . _ - . aaS 

Escaped in the launch, which was rowing guard round the ship, with a 
a4-pounder - - - - - - 20 

Remam prisoners, on board - - - - - j 

On shore on leave, one Lieutenant, one Captain of Troops, four Pilots, and 

one Midshipman - -> -> - .7 

Swam on shore from the ship - - - - " ^S 

Killed - - - - . - -iif 

Total 39» 

(Signed) E. HAMILTON. 

A List of Killed in the Boats of bis Majesty s Ship Surprize, ia emtting out a Privateer 
Ssbooner of ten Gutu, and two Sloops ^ from the Harbour of Armba, ea the i^ 03. 
1799. 

Mr. John Busey, a^ing Lieutenant, killed. 

(Signed) E. HAMILTON, Captam. 

A List of Officers and Men voounded on board the Spanish frigate Hermione, on the 
Attach made by the Boats of his Majesty* s Ship Surprizcyunder the Orders ofCaptaia 
Hamilton^ in the Harbour of Porto Cavallo^ the Z$th 0£f. 1 799 

Edward Hamilton, Esq. Captain, several contusions, but not dangerous; 
Mr. John Maxwell, Gunner, dangerously wounded in several places; John 
Lewis Matthews, Quarter Master, dangerously ; Arthur Reed, Quarter Gunner, 
dangerously; Henry .Vilnc, Carpenter's Crew, dangerously; Henry Dibleen, 
Gunner's Mate, slightly ; Charles Livingston, able seaman, slightly ; William 
Pardy, able seaman, sli^^htly; Robert Ball, able seaman, slightly; l*homas Ste- 
'irenson, able seaman, slightly ; John Ingram, private marine, slightly ; Joseph 
Titley, private marine, slightly. 

(Signed) E. HAMILTON, Captain. 
(A copy) H. PARKER. 

A List of Vesseis cafiured by hie Majesty* s Ship Surprixe, Edxvard Hamilton^ £sf» 
Commander, from the 20tb Day of Sept. to the $Otb Day of 03. 1799. 

The French schooner Nancy, of nine men, and twenty-uve tons, from Aux 
Cayes, bound to Curacoa, laden with coffee, taken near Cape de. la Vdla, 
Oclober 4, 1799. ? 

The Dutch Schooner, Lame Duck, of ten guns, and eighty tons, from Aux 
Cayes, laden with sundries, cut out from the harbour of Aruba, OiSluber 15, 1 79^ 

The v^panish schooner La Manuel, of six men, and ten tons, from Aux Cayei^ 
iaden with plantain, destroyed near Porto Cavallo, Oiflober 20, 1799. 

The Spanish frigate Hermionc, of forty-four guns, three hundred and 
ninety-two men, and seven hundred and seventeen tons, from Aux Cayes, cue 
•ut £om Porto Cavallo, Odober 2s» 1799- 

(Signed) £, HAMILTON, Captain. . 

ADMIKALTT OFFICE, |AM. %U 

Copy of a Letter from Sir Man Gardner, Bart. Admiral of the BJite, to Evan Nepoau^ 

Esq, dated Torhay, the l^b inst. 
SIR, 

Enclosed } transmit to you, for the information of the Lords Commissioners 
of the Admiralty, a copy of a letter which I have received this day, addressed to 
Admiral Lord Bridport, from Captain Cooke, of the Amethyst, dated at sea, 
Dsccmber 14, Z799. — 1 am, &c 

▲. GARDNER. 



312 CAZETTB tETTCRS* 

» 

Amethyst, at Hea^ December %^ 1799* ^^' 4^^^ 
MT LOtO, 44 OT/V N, Lmig, 4^^ W. 

T have the hoaovr Co ■cquaine yonr Lordship, thit I this daf captared 
l.'ATatit«re French bri^ privateer, moiintiii^ 14 g^uns, and manned with 75^ 
aeiit belooging to L'Ortfest. 1 htt« the honour to be, ^c. Ac. 

JOHN COOK. ' 

- ADMIRALTT-OrnCE, JAW. IJ, 
Extra^ tf a Letter /rem Captain P^utentine EJwsrJt^ CommmuUr »f hif-ji>€ajtdy'9 
Ship the Sceptre, ti Rvan Nepean^ £ q. dated "T^le Ba^ Ca^e •/ Qo^d Hepe^ tht 
%cth O^oicr, 1799. 

On n\j pasnage I made the island of Roff eriqnc, where I diicovcFcd a Mil ; 
on our coming «p with her »he run among the roclc^ and hoisted French colourtt 
I immediately hoisted out the boats, and v^-nt them manned and armed to take 
possession of her, which, tiftcr a defence of about half an hour, they accom* 
plished, without any loss or damage. She prnv::d to be L 'Eclair French 

frivateer brig, from the Maut^tiuit, of ii guns, twelve and six^poundersy and 
3 men. She had been cn.'sing on the coa-jt of Brazil; the situation the was 
placed in rend(^red it impo^^iblc to get her out that evening, I therefore judged 
jt most prudent to destroy her, rather than delay the convoy till the morutng* 
and gave diredlion's to that efTe^, and 'saw her burnt down to the water's edge 
before T made sail. This service was executed by Mr. Tucker, the SecoB4 
I lieutenant of the 5ceptre, whose cotidu6l ou chii occasion merits my warmett 

thanks. 

f 

■ ASiuJKALTr-orricc, rav. i. 

Ca^ of a Ltihr frmt Captain R»hrt Larfan, Commander of hit Majedft SLif 
Camitla^ f# £vaie Nepean^ Esq. daiei 0^ Uirvre ^ the ^Ztb ultimo, 

siRt 
I beg leaire to inform yon, fertile informaflon of mv I ords Commissioners of 
the A^iralry, that yesttrday evening I captured the L^ Vigourcux French 
^SK^ privateer, of three guns and 26 men, belonging to Cherbourg { ou( 
nineteen days; h.1d not taken any thin";. — I havs the honour to be, &c. 

R.1.ARKAN. 

AnMiaAi,TT-o:rricc, pe«.4. 
Copy •/ a LeHarfiram Vkt- Admiral Sir TIf&mas Pastey, Part. Ctmrnattdtr in Onef^^ 
his Moftttj* Shipi and f^euelt ai Piymoutby to BvaH M/ m», £ij. dated the ist 
insiaeifi 

Inclo•edH%lMte^'wh?eh!fecHved•f^om Captain Barthololncw,orthcHavicJ;, 
together wiek » paper eoniaining a particular account of the vessels mentioned 
•n the said letter.— I am, 3cc 

T. PASJuBY. 

't*» Haviekt at Sea t Jan, 2^ 

I have tbrplMsyrrto infonti.^yo«, yesterday m(im*ffj» Ctptiiin Wittinan, of 
the SuflUoQ^e, mii<Ve the.aigntl tA.<^ase tionh^affl-; nKd soon tfter discovered 
a ship, lugger, and cutter, steering to the S. E. At two P. M. I recaptniird the 
American ship ^^trafFtrd, from BaltifOore bound to i-sotidbir, mounting f6 guns. 
She was taken by tht lugger and cutter tibove-roention^d ; her carro ^orth from 
30 to 40,0901 pounds, At half pa«« two 1 had the plcaiiire o£ seeing tb« logger, 
ftrike to the Sulfisante ; and I |i«vc every j'cnspti to beiicw^ikdm' the Saflbantt'* 
cxcelUat sailings that the cutte^ i# iva)v ia Captiin Wittnian*s possession. 

I have the honour to be, &c. P. B.VRl'HOLOMEW. 

J?«r<j^/r<V-—?trafford, from Baltimore bQUfid to Ij4mdon, laden wadrtabacco» 
«c. Wnrtliin^on and '1 roap» />wnerj. 

The two privateers sailed tojrcthcr from ' t. MaloAs, the c6th Jaflnary. 

Tahen — Le Coufageux lugger, of four four-pound guAs, and one eighteen* 
pound carronadp, and 4! men. 

l.e Grand. Quinqla cutter, of eight pound bn*s.carron94p« (ovtt two-povnd 
brast ^tii., t\vo two-pound iron guhs, swivels, aud 46 men. 



6AZBTTB LBTTBRSi ^ij 

ft 

AOMIBALTT orfKI, rSB. Si 

MxhroB^a tdUrfrm Aimir^ Sir Hydt ^arker^ Kmt. CtHnkatJir In Cl'ufoftu 
Ma}es^*t Sbipt and Kauh at yamaica^ to Mvati Nifean^ Esf. Setrttary of tbt 
AdM^rulty^ datoiin Port Royal Sarbour^ DtitmUr 1, 1799. 

Iron wiU be pleased to commviiicate to my Lords ComniisMOOers of cKe 
Adminlty, that nis Majesty's ship Calypso arriyed here the »ist of latt month, 
With a part of the English and Cork convoyS) whidh had been dispersed by a 
Spanish squadron off the Mona passage. On the %^\ ult. his Majesty^^ ship 
Crescent arrived with the remainder of the convoy, the General Goddard store 
•hip only excepted. Captain Lobb's conduift on this occasion (as their Lordshi|ta 
will perceive oy the cojfy of his letter inclosed) was that of a judicious officer. 

fliRy CresceMt, Pprt Royaiy Nmt. sa, 179^. 

I am. exceeding sorry to acquaint yon, that on the dawn of the 15th instant^ 
the S. W. end of Porto Rico bearing N. E. ten or twelve leagues, we unfortu- 
nately fell in with a squadron belonging to the enemy, consisting of a line of 
battle ship, frigate, and corvette. As the two former were dire^y ih our course 
on the larboard tack, I made the convoy*s signal to haul to the wind on the 
fltarbooffd tack, made sail to reconnoitre them, and on joining the Calypso, 
which had pre-viously chased, perfe^ly coincided with Captain Salter that they 
were enemies, and made signals to the convoys for that purpose* 'I'he line of 
bottle ship and frigate keeping close together, I was in great hopes of drawing 
them frm the convoy, by keeping within random shot to windward, 
and bore up for that pnrpose, making the Calypso's s^nal to chase N. W. 
the diredion the body of the convoy was then in : at nine the enemy tacked« 
and I was under the necessity of making the signal to disperse. The Calypso 
bore vp for that part of the convoy that were rnnning to leeward. I'he 
corvette, which had been seen some time before, was standmg for the ships that 
had kept their wind ; I immediately made sail to relieve them, and had the good 
fortune to capture her. The enemy were previously chasing the ships to lce« 
ward, and I was happy to observe them haul their wind,I suppoae, on perceiving 
the situation of the corvette; but this, at well as their other manoeuvres during 
the course of the day, appeared so very undetermined, that they did not t;^e 

* the necessary steps to fcwent oor taking possession of her ; nor had th^y 
brought to any of the convoy at dark, notwithstanding they had been near thepi 
for twelve hours ; and their situation was such as to give mc sanguine hopes 

• not any have been captured. The squadron proved to be Spanish, from I'-tt 
Domingo, bound to uie HavannjJi, conasting of the Asia, of -64 guns, and ;^<o 
men. Commodore Don Francisco Montes; Amphitrite, of 44 guns, and 360 
men, Captain Don Dieeo ViUagomex ; Galgo, of 16 guns, and 100 men, Captaia 
Don Jose de Arias --^ have the honour to be, && 

W. G. LOEB. 
Sir Hyde Parhr^ Kmt. Aimh-ii of tbt BImi, &*«. \2ft t0V. 

Ctpy rfa Jutter from AJmral MiUanb*^ Commamdtr ht Cbi^ rfhts Mmjetty^i SLift 
amd FesuUfii PvrtmoMth^ t9 Mwm i^«/i«i, £sq. datsd tbo Jib imttasd. 

6 la, 

I bes yott to lay before my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty the 
■ Sndosed letter which I have received from Captain Rogers, of the Mercury, 
givine no account of his having captured the French brig privateer L'£gyptiennef 
which hat lately dona considerable miscldcf in the Channel 

1 am« Sir, ate &c. M. MILBaNKE, 

aim, Mertmry^ S^tbead, Fob, 6. 

I b^to acquaint vqu, that on the ^4^ of Jannary, cruising agreeably to your 
orders, 1 rea^ptured (Sciliy bearing M. by c. twmty-eight leagues) the ship 

- Atmvrell, of Whitby, from Quebec, bound to London, with a valuable caigo ; 

- she had been taken fifteen days before in lat. 49 ^cg. Jo min. N long. 13 deg« 
30 min. W. by L*Arriege, French privateer, bclonjrjng to Eourdeaux: » have 

' also to acquaint joili that jCMerday morning, returning to Spitbead, X captured. 



Jt4 GA2ITTB LSTTtRS. 

•ffthe Ttle of Wight, L*Hgypticnii< FrcDch brig priYateef, moitiiting; ij br»i 

funs, and manned with 66 men. She is a neW vessel, and saildl Irom Chtf- 
our^ the evcnJn^ before, and was dose in with Peverel Point when £tcotra^ 
by the Mercury, hKikloe tmt for yesscls gping in at the Ifeedlet s Ac had liow* 
ever taken nothing —1 have the honour to he, See. 

THOMAS ROGERft. 

P. S. T should mention that the privateer, when f(he Mercury ^ot cloie up 
with her, very wantonly, when in the aA of liaulinff down her colours, (li6t 
having fired a chot before), discharged her musketry into ut, by which one of 
my people wfis i^hot in the body, but the wound is not mortal. 

AdmirtU Jidilhanh. 



ExiraS 9/m Letter frmm Admiral Lmrd Fisewni Diauetm^ CemmmJer im Chief ef hie 
Majesty s Shift eu»J Vetuit im the Hwrtb Sem, to £vM Nt^ema^ JSef. tUted at 
TarmoMth, the yth i,fiit4uit. 

By Lieutenant O'Nciri ktitcr th«ir Lordships will see he ham captnred a amall 
Dutch privateer ; and, as the Cobourg is in want of ordnance stores, which ue 
not to be bad here, shall kc her go to the Nore for a nippiy* 

MmreMde Cehe^ Hirri Armed Brlg^ 
VT LOa B, Tarmmib Jteadt^ Feh. y. 

I beg to inform yon, that cruising to elfcd the purport of yott Lordship's 
order of thfe^ iSrh iilt. •m the lU mtaot*.the Tend inaight, beanng ^nth, 
observing a custer to windifvd itanding for us, which, from her aigmals and 
Riovrmcnts, we presumed to be an enemy, we pra^tsed several neceoswy 
-deceptions to decoy iier nearly .into o«r waket when, oo tacking, and giving 
her a few guns, the lowered her sails down, and was taken possesion of ; 
proves to be the Flush inger Dutch privateer, cocnmanded by Mynheer Vsli 
C, G. Hamendel, mounting four two-founders, and 28 men, out from Helvoct 
Ihrce days, and had not captured any tiling « 

1 have the huQour to be, &c. 
Admi,^ Lord VuHcoM. TKRCNCE O'lfElL. 

ADM laALTt OFtlCt, FIS. rS. 

Co^ ef a Letter from Captaia JoshuM Sydney ffertem^ Cowmmeier of his Majexife 

SUofi Fairy t to £vam NefeaHf Btq* dated FiymoMth Seuud^ the ^th iaetemt* 

. SIR, 

Finding his Majesty's ship La Loire has not inived at this port wkh the Palks 
Kitional frigate, buviog sent a duplicate of my proceedings by Captain Newman, 
] conceive it my duty to forward you another for the information «f my Lords 
Commissaoners o^ th« Admiralty, with the additi<Uial satlsfadion of iDtonniqg 

Jou. that the 1- alias was captttfed close in with the 8even Islands, by La I..oirt, 
Laillcur, Harp)-, Danar, and Fairy. Having been joined in the night of the 
6th, at nine o'clock, by La Loire, I desisted giving further partitukrt, con- 
chniiAg Captain Kewman would state the further pcococdings of the Fairy and 
Hurny. The badness pf the weather obliged mt to put in keru, uy standing 
V'g^^^)'^* being niach ait. I am antiava to m9* tae ^Mt« 

1 have the honour to be, &c. J. S. HORTON. 

sra, * His Majesty' t Slo0^ Fairy, 5th Fd. i8ca 

'^ Incompna&tfe 'with your order of the 3d instant, 4is Majesty's sloop 
• I^arpy in conipcfny, having weighed from St, Aubin's Bay at six A. M. I pro- 
ceeded to reconnoitre St. M aloes, and at half past eleven, Cape Frehvl beurifig 
S. k. five or six miles, 1 discovertd a large ship running donyn close along shoi e to 
the westward, which 1 very soon made out to be a large frigate, and as she did 
sot answer the i^rivatesignid, i concluded she was -an cuomy^; but being so sloae 
in shore, 1 saw theie wa« no chance of bringing her to action ;, 1 therefore 
judged it necessary to lacici with the hopes of decoying her out from the Uud, 
v^hich fuliy answered my witches, as »lie immediately gave chace to us. At 
' one o'clock, the Harpy having formed close under my ittiu, the eiiemy 
«rffivvd within pistol shot, when a close adiou commenced, and continued till 
a quiirtcr before three,' when the enemy made ail suilfn^rh ul As soon as the 
damages the Fftiry and Hatpy had suit^ncd in the rigging (Whfth Was^Vcry 



OAZITTB LBTTllff JIS 

capndcTabte) were repaired, we made aU sail in pjirsnit of her; at four olclock 
three ftrange sails were discovered from the mast-head to the northward, which' 
Yjttdji^d to be a sq^uadron of English frigates, to whom 1 iqade the signal for aiil 
enem;, and at nine were joined by His Majesty's ships I.a Loire, Danae, and 
Hailleur, in the chace. I must now beg leave to acknowledge the very able 
^sistance and support f received from Captain -Bazefy in the Harpyj who 
speaks in the highest terms of the condo6t of his officers and ship's company, 
and ^ cannot conclude without expressing, in the most particular manner, the 
exertions and eood conduct of the oiRcers and diip's company under my com- 
mand, and witnout any disparagement to the rest of the officers, I trust I may 
be allowed to mention Mr, Smith (First Lieutenant of the Fairy) as a very 
aiftive good officer. Annexed h a return of the killed Mid wdunded. 

I have the honour to be, &c. ^c. . J. S. HORTON. 
Captain D*Aw9er^ ( Printe 9/ BouiUon ) ^ Stn'wr Officir at Jertey. 

Fairy — Four seamen killed ; Captain Horton slightly wounded ; Mr. Hughes, 
Purser, broken arm j atx seaoif li, four badly, and one report^ . since iast 
!^vcning. 

H^rpyw—One seaman killed *, three seaaacn wounded. 

P. S. I have the satisfa<^on to inform you, that his Majesty's ^ip Danae^ 
four or five miles to N. W. captured one of the enemy's cutters this morning 
(Feb. 6.> ' 

Cs^ rfa LHtefifrtm Captain yamei Nivmam^ Cvnmander $f bis Ji^ajtxtyi Shif 
Isa Lairfp to Esian Neptan^ Msq. dateid at Sea, tb* $tb biMaat. 

SLft, 

I have the honout to acquaint their Lordships of the c9pture of the Frendi 
K*tional friguie La Pallas, Citizen Jacque Epion, Commander, by his Majesty '# 
ship under my command, after a close a<^lion of two hours and ten minutes, close 
in shore under Seven Islands, where she was supported by a battery. I was most . 

Sallantly and ably seconded by Captain Turquand, of his Majesty's sloop 
^aiJlcur ; ai)d to the Captains of his Majesty's ship Danae, and Faicv and Harpy 
•loops, i feel indebted for their every exertion to come up \vith the chacr. 
1 caimot tpo much applaud the condud of the o0i<;<rs.and crew under my com^ 
maod^aa^eU as LieiutffffAnt Kxieuluen of the Russian Navy ;. and though^ I wish 
not t9 pai^^cttlarise, I cannot let this opportunity escape of recommending my 
First Lieutenant (Mr. Raynor) to their Lordships* notice, as an officer whose 
sendee^ I have witnes^d on other trying occasions. The ^'allas is a new 
frigate, never at sea before, mounting 42 guus, eighteen, nine, and thirty six 
pounders, was bound to Brest, vi^uailed for five months, and had. 350 men on 
Doard. I in^o^ a 114 of kUled and wounded, and am. Sir, &c. Jcc. 8i.c. 

JAMES "NEWMAN NEWMAN. 

Mia»/ KiOed^mlW^mdtiuLiMtrdkh Majnty's Sbip ZaLanl ia tU Aaioa vM 

l^J^aJiat, 

Tw(>-8ean«n kdfed} 4iree Miflshipmen, sixteen seamen (one of whom is 
since defid of hit wounds)*' *a4 one iliarine, wounded. 

Names of the Mkhhtptfitii wounded.^ Watkins Oliver P$U, Fraocit Williatfn 
£ve%, ]o4ui Allen Medway. • - 

(Stgsed) JAMES NEWMAN NEWMAN. 

A J^ia qf the Kiflti and wounded m hirrd bit Afafesty^s "Shtp jR/AUmt^ undtr my 
CetKmaifdt ih ACH«» wtb the frtneb Frlgait Jta-PaiUt^ at tbt[ 6tb, of ftbmuury 
1S60. • ' 

XilUd-^Mt, Willifun Protbersi Midshipffian ; Alexander Ferguson, -Ounner'a 
Mate. 

jra«i9(W^Robert Priog, Yeoman of the Sheets : WiiUam Wilde, priTtte 
marine ; Johu M^MuUio, boy ; Benjamin 09)son, ordinary seaman. ' 

(Signed) W. TURQTTANDi Captain. 

Sntraa tfa JLdttrfrm Qaftain tViiliam Stwtn, Cmmmander 9/ bis Majeity^i Slip 
Paroiintf tP £vaM Neptmiy JStf. ditedat Sea tbe lith vit. 

I have the pleawrQto acquaincyou, for the infi)xmation of their Lordships^ 
that on tbe jjfth ios^at, in lati 37 itg, 45 tniii. loQg> i^ deg. ft min. W. I ]j>er- 



jli eAZlTTB LKTTt&l* 

ceived t vmmI, which ittipediog to be a cruiKr, I chudl, and by eight ta the 
cveoiog, being alongside, uie •truck without firing a gun. She proret to be Le 
Vulture, a French privatoer thip of Nanta» out thirtf-eight days, commanded by 
Citizen I'azik Ang. £no Laray. she is a remarlLably last sailer, pierced for 
twenty-two gunit and mounting four twclve-poundera, two thirty-six poun4 
carronades, brass, sixteen six-poundcfs, iron, two of which she threw orerboard 
during the chace ; had on board, when captured, 137 men. On my first teetpg 
her, she was in the aA of bearine down on the brig Flora of London,and a shipt 
the name I did not learn, both of which in less than an hour must ioevitably have 
lallen ; but, thus dellmed, proceeded on their voyage. 

ADMIRALTY-OmCl, FKB. la. 

€i«/jr •/ a LiUtrfrum LinUnatt$ Prmtms Goddpbin Bp/uI, ^mmanJitig ki* MaJeOy'i 
Gum Fiuel Ntiity, U Evan Ntftam, £/f . dated ai IMh— the iZth •fJoMuary, 

By the inclosed copy of a letter to 1 ord Keith, which 1 have the hmioiir to 
transmit to you for tm information of my Lards Conmi«iooers of the Admi- 
ralty, it will be seen that his MA}e5ty*s schooner under my command has been, 
during her last cruise, ratbcr successful ; but a long continuation of tempestuous 
Weather nibje«!}ed the vessels which I had the go(^ fortune to intercept, to the 
Mfue hazard eapencnced by all the trade on this coasL 

I have the honour to be, kc F. G. BOND* 

MY LotD, Mffgp, Z/^M, Jam, a8« 

On the 4th of last month, I had the honour of tmumitting to you,fi'om the 
Tagux, copies of two orders, the one ham Rear-Admiral Buckworth, and th« 
orh^r from Captain Blnckwoud, with aa account of the ca|Kurea made by hia 
Majesty's schooner under mr command, daring her last cniise. Hard gales of 
wind prevented our sailing hence till the lIti^ and on the %%d, off Viana, we 
capttircd f/Esperance Fr«'m:h lurger privateer, piereed for twelve, but having 
only five guns, with 36 men, formerly a privateer helooging to Guernsey. 
Havinj; the next day spoke the St. Fiorenso, m the tteighbovrhood of Oporto, t 
wa? informed by Sir Harry Neate of the dispersion of three eonvoys on the coast. 
and the ob<»tacIe8 that had opposed their entry into the Douro for more than 
twenty daya, from considerable freshet, frtquent calms, and adverse winds. 
As the weather was now favourable for the arrival of vessels from the 8. W. 
and I ooncuived no time should be lost in endeavouring to intercept the enemy'a 
captures bound to Vigo, I accordingly stood for the entrance of that bay, and 
c^n the momipg of the ft4th» retook the Hamburgh brig^ Catharina, fratt Oporto, 
bound CO Limerick, laden with wine and fruit. At night, after a smart chace, 
we'cafne up with a smalbFpanhh lugger privatoer, called Felicidad, of two 
guns, eight Swivels, -and »a men ; and, before tho primotrs weieall thifted, at 
midnight, another privateer and herrtise hove in tight. We were enabled, at 
cne A. ^I. (the i$th) to come up with the hitter, the Duchcasof OiafdoD, a bark, 
from Newfoundland to Oporto, with J, Ho quintals of aaltlish. By ten o'clock 
th^ morniiig, after a short chace, we brought to the ^t. Antonio y Animas, 

' alias La Aurora, Spanish schooner privateer, of six guna, and 46 men» 
and her prife, the VenuK, from London, with shot, Ind, tin, staves, ■&& 
for Oporto. On the ^7th, I made three more recapturea, vii. an English bri|r, 

' called the Com^ierce, laden with salt fish ; a Swedish brig from btbckhohn 
to Viana, with iron and deals, taken by a French lugger ; and a Portuguese 
schooner with Milt. On the evening oftlie 18th, the weather began to threaten, 
i^ith strong winds to the southward. Our recapture remained with me till 
the 8th of January, when our vicinity to the shore, and a heavy sea, obliged 

. 81^ tp carry tail and abandon to herself the Commerce, that vras destitoto 
even of one sail to shift, and thof>e bent were in the worst condition. Having 
the foUowiog day spoke the IVojao West lodiaman, with the loss of her main- 
top-mast, cross jii:k-yard, and mo^ of her sails, now bound to Lisbon to refit, 
but separated with many others in the rcccut gales from the outward-bound 
convoy, I continued to attend i>cr till tiic ^lbt, in ajmo^ a continual storm, and 
on the a7th h<ul tlie pleasure to vcc her safe into this port. It is^ hovcver, wi^ 
.lutt^ sorrow, I have tp iic^uaint your LorUship \vith L^e loss 6i most of ou^ 



CilFTTE ISTTERS. 317 

^tiftcs and leveral of our crew. Of the Duchess of Gordon, vrhlch was wrecked 
ttcar Lisbon, only one person was saved, the pilot of the Nctlcy beinr of the 
fiumber who perished. The fate of the others is anticipated, though it is known 
that two brigs are arrived safe ; and two others took refuge in Vigo. The 
f rench lugger was stranded in attempting the bar of Vfana, hut 1 am happj til 
hear her crew were •av'ed.— I have the honour to be, my Lord, &6. 

F. G BOND * 
^ %i# ^0«. Z»rJ I^Mt K. S. rice- Admf rat pf lit Rei^ CSff. lie. Isfe. * , 

ADMItALTr OPPICB, rSB. 25. 

Cfy of a Later from AJmiral MilhattJke, Commandmr U Ch'ufufhii Mgjaty\ SUft 
. md VtutU mt PortsamUbf to £wHt Ntpeam^ Esq. dattdtbe zai uu/4m/. 

•». 
Inclosed I bef leave to transmit to 70^, for the iolbniiatioft of my Lohit 
Commissioners of the Admiralty, a letter I have this day received from Captain 
Riou, of the Amasoti, acquainting me with his having captured the Bougain* 
Vnie French privateer on the 14th instant, on hit retwn from Cork to this 

inehorage, and of the loss of her on theibllowing evening. 

I am. Sir, &e. M. MILBANKH. - 

SIK» JTZr M^tjt Shi^ AMta*9Hr SpHbead^ Feh. 2t. 

I am to acquaint you, t*hat his Majesty's viip under my comniand sailed from' 
Cqfkb«rbQur on the 12th instint, and on the 14th captured thp SongunviUe. n 
French privateer of St. Malo, commanded by Pierre' D upon t, mounting 18 six*' 
pounders, and carrying Z% men ; but I am sorry to add, that on th^ foUowtnr 
Cfening, as the Amaion was brought to-to 40Uftd, theBou^pawille ran on board 
us at the rate of nine knots, and rebounded off with the ammediatc loss of ^er 
(ore and main masts, and wich so mncb injury to her JniU, that there was an 
instantaneous alarm of sinking. ?t wainoi without some risk, as. the night wat 
dark, the sea rough, and the wind Ugh, that the boats were hoisted out of the 
Amaxott, and «tt the men«ived cxteptiog one* -The Bougainville^ I am told^ 
was at this thne going down by the stem, the water within board being abort 
the afrerpart of the f^-deek. The injury done to the Amazon was nothing 
more tha^ the'etutymg sway the spritsail, yard, and bumkin. 

' I have the honour to be. Sir, &c« £. StlOlL 

MxtraS of m tetter from Cafta^ jyAttverpu (Pritue of BmnUom)^ CommanAr 
of Us MajeOyU Ship Brow, «s Svaa Jfrpeeut^ Sif* dMatat Jersey ^ «6ff 20tf ft A' 

I have the honour to transmit you herewith, for their Lordshipi* thformation, 
LieuteiiaBt P'Auvergoe's report to me of his having yesterday captured, in the 
Aristocrat brig> under his command, one of the French guh-boats. 

sm, Of Cm^ FroM^ hit Majotty's Hired Amfd Bog Arutocrat^ F4. 19. 
On my way to oiocttte yow order of yesterday's dsitc^ 1 felf in this morning 
and captured, after an hour*^ chacf, a French gun-vessel. No- 57, mounting an 
frDD aiif-pottnder in her bow, with a number of small arms, &c, conunanded by 
Le CIteyen RonShnd, H&seigne de Vaiaseau, from the river Fegu^,bounf] to 
St. Maloes^ out twenty-four hours. Several of her crew and passengers made 
thefa' escape in the boat before she struck, and one was drowned in atttffhpting 
'to swim on shores Cape Frehel bore south half a mile from us, when the above 
brought to and stmck.-^ I have the honour to be, &.C. 

C. J. D*AU V£ROH£, Lieutenant and Convnandant. 

^Ph ^f " ^^'^ fi^^ CiffMm Peter HaUttt^ Commamfer of hit Mt^esif* Ship 
ApoUo, to Evan f^epean^ Mjq. dtgtd Madmrmf hetmriag N- W^ .1^ Lo^mu^ 
%$tb January. 

sia, 

On the ilth instant, in latitude 43 deg. a^min. N« longitude 11 deg* W. a 
ship, of very suspicious appearance was discovered at a great distance from ^ 
convoy. U he weather at the time being eitremcly haey, after a chace of four 
hoars, we got within shot of her, when she brought to and surrendered; u^ 
found her to be the Aouilla Spanish ship of war, pierced foraa guns on t|)e 
m^in .deck, but having only four mounted, commanded by Don Mariano Merino, 
|com Bu^os Ayres| boiud to Conmaa with ^ cargo. At day«>hreak on tl^B 



Jit GiZETTt LtXTIlS* 

9(t]i iuiunc* wh«o praweduig on our Toirvg^ a «m vts moi ft-hnd i on qoc 
^pproachiog her, iht altered her Qoiirsoi aad eodcAToaccd to avoid o« ; after «. 
iicry short cbace we came up with aod recaptured her ; she U the Lady Hare> 
wood, a ship that parted from the convoy on iHe ist iaatant, at the coaimence-* 
mm of aa ^Kcesiive hard gale of wiad ; ahff wa« taken two days before u» 
lacicudc 38 deg. N. loogituda 16 deg. W. by the Vautour French ship privateet 
•f 94> |;;iuia.-»^l have the honour to be, &c. P. HAX<K£TT, 

C9fy cf a tetttrfrom t^ Right Hon. Lwri Bridjftrt^ JC- B. AimArtd^thgWi^^ 

tin, 

Yoa wilt herewith recetve.tbe copy of ft tetter from Captaio Mci OMkc» of 
bis Majesty's ship Amethyst, which I transmit to you £br their L uP Jb h ipa* 
j|rfWittaciDa.p«-4l Juiw the honour to be* iKc BRIDF<MIT. 

1 bpir leave to a^qjoaint your Lordship that I thU dar (Jbis Majesty's abiv 
Kytrtpn being fn company], after 1 long chacc. e^^ured Le VaiUaat, Frenck 
cancer privateer, a remarkable fim sailer, bek>nging to Bourdeaux, mounting one 
longcightcen-pounder, two long twelve-pounders, and twelve six>pouadera|aad 
manacd wirK i j 1 men ; had been out four dayf,aQd had taken nothing 

I have the honour to be, ftp. Ac. Stc 
MigH Bpm Ltrd Bri^^, JC. B. t^t. JOHN eOOKB* 



J^tttrua rf a LttNr frmm Sir AUm GmrJbmr^ Bart* AAdr^ 4/ tht Bime^ U Jmni 
ye/>em$u Btj. Jahd am Bmrd his Mi»j*tt/9 B6^ Mty^ Sv mn ^ «# &tf^ Ultf 

Iphtmshmi. 

Inclosed T traasnsk to ycNi, for the ioformation of the Locda Comnusaiooers of 
|Im Admiralty, aa extra^ of a letter i received thia morning from the Hon, 
Caftain Curaon, of his Majesty's ship Indelatigahk, 4ated oft* th< Stavenci 
Rock, the ijfch insunt* 

Mxfraff of a Letttr fram tht Ham. Qi^tatm CvrF^r* Cammatidar of ha M^ntfi ^ 
Jm^^igaUct ta Sir AjIm Garantr^ Barf, Medojftbt Sttvaut Rmk^ FeL 15. 

> On Tuefllap VMraing the Triton chased from the aqoadroi^ and came up 
with the French National bfig La Vidette, of 14 gvnji and S4 mcn» ten 
i^'Oticoti bound to Brest. 

Ct^ <f a LtUtrfram AJmirat Sir HyJa Bmrier^ KtO. Commattier in Chitf af hk 
Majestft Sbiffs and FtuHs at Jamnca^ U B^am Nipaam^ A9. Jatai Baft 
Mtyai Jimrhmari Jammiaa^ I^Ktmhtr 17, 1799. 



aia. 



I have the pleasure to acquaint you, for the icformatioo of the Lords Coitt- 
inissioners of the Admiralty, that on tbe ijd inst Captain Rolies of his M»- 
jesty*s ship Alarm, brought with bin into tiiis port, a very ri^h and valuable 
^panisQ •JiiD. She was captured by the Amphion, Captain Bennett, in compaitf 
Withtiie ^arm ; and, for their Lordships* further information, inclose herewith 
a copy of Captain Bennett's letter to Capuin Rollcs 00^ this occasion. 

I have the honour to be, &c, H. PARKER. 

««, wfw/Af«l, tf/^M, i^D*- 1^,1799. 

In obedience to your Mgtisd, t chased 9. W. last evening, and had the good 
fortune, at one A. M. to come up and capture L*Astariana, Spanish letter of 
mai^e, carrving eighteen eight pounders, two twelve-pounders, and frur 
howitxcrs. Of * duHy-two-pounditt's (all brass), manned with ido men, fhrn 
Cadis, bound to La Vera Crua, with a very valuable cargo. She had four sail 
of convoy with htff in the morning, three of which her Comovander thii&t are 
•tiU to the eastward, fo«y days out. The Aittvriiina i\i a vefv large ship, <pute 
i^ew, admirably found, and coppered.'— I have the honour to M, Ac 

R. rt. A. BENHETT. 



C»fy •/» tHtir from tht R^ght Hm, Ltd BridpQrt^ K Jf, AiauraitfAt Whkt^ 

\gc. H S^m NfpmHj Esq. daitdA» 4ik uutoML 

HI, 

fscloted it s oify of a letter from Captain FraMr, of the Nyawhe, fUtiag tb» 
capture of X^a Modeste French letter of marjae, on the a4tB of Febni«rj^ 
wfddk il traniautted for thtir Lordships* in formation. 

I have the hoooor to be, 5cc BRIDPOR.T. 

I hate Che hoftovr toftcqsai&t yonr Lor(khip» that 1 Woi^ht into Plynoiith 
^11 morniog la Modeate, a Arenoh letter of waMHtt, pierced for <( gunt, and 
haviivg^ 70 men «i board, which I captured on the a4th of Fehrnarf laat, itt 
compattf with the Amediftt She it a fine riiip, aboot 6oo tons burthen, aad 
laden with cotton, coffee, tea, togar, indigo, Ac. iiad left the Ide 4if Franen 
onlj nine weeks, and was bound to Bonrdcanx, off which port 1 captored hec 
I hare the honour to be, ny Lord, 4cc P£ILCY FRAZER. 

Ctfy rf m LetUt ftm Mr, Jtin P^yi*^ Cmma/tdtr *f tbi Aiaris pri^aU $U^^ 

•m, 
I have the ]ioB»ar«) nc^naiat yon, finr ihehifiMniacion of the Lords rofnmis ■ 
sionera of the Adnuralif , that on the a4ih «k. in haitnde 4a deg:. «0 niin. .K. 
longitude 9 deg. 15 min. W. I discovered a sail to windward, to which I inme- 
dietely ^yfe chaee, and itK hmna alter came np with and captnred her. She 
pnri^d to be the Nottra Siaiora Carmen fiponith Iwggsr privateer, Don f esepit 
0*lTiefn, OontoanAer, uMuating twn.gani, otne-poonden, with laiali araas^ and 
a crew connstin^ of 44 men. The Mtr ia's crew being lar inferior in point of 
numbers, determined me to proceed tor Viona, where I nrrived the oaa i^^ 
with the iMize, and landed the prisoners, by order of the British Consul. 

1 have the honour to be, &c JOHN DOYLE. 

AOMiaALTr-^orrm, MjraviiYi* 

Mt^ra^ df m E$shi9refhm Via- Admiral Sir Tb^mtu Padey, Biuf. C^^smsitf 

in CBie/m 'J^mtutly H Bvan Nepetot, ff^. 

•IK, Keradty Plymouth Bmtnd^ March 7. 

I beg lea^ to Inform yon, that on the s8fh ult. when cruiting with hie 
Majesty 't shipt Repulse anid Agamemn<n, off the Penmarks, being considerablf 
to the leeward of the above ships, T lost sight of them in the Bi|^he, and- at three 
A. M I saw a fight to windward, which I kept company with, sapposnig it the^ 
Commodore's, but it proved a Danish brig ; on my standing -back to theren-' 
de^votta on tile following niglit, we discoyered fivo latt, iSnr ihipt evidently 
of foroe, and a tchooner. The anomeht'I had vinde 'iii»aeveewry p r e p a n rio n e 
for battle, I haidedsiiy wind for them ; on the dawn of day I plainly diteovered 
fliey were of faree, and then hyhigt-to ; w^en nearij wtdtin gim-ehot of the 
Isrgeat ship they dispecsed different ways ; I condnned to chaae. N(gKt coming 
on, I lost sight, hut was finrtunate enough the folfo^ing morning to see one of 
them, which, a^er chasing twelve Jiours, and running onehundfcd and twouy- 
three miles, we captured, which proved to be the Vengeance, ptivat'eer, of 
Bontthrauz, pierced £9^ j 8. guns, 1 impounders, but only 16 mounted^ and 474 
men. hf her we found, tha^«he sailed on, the 96th from the above I^Lice, in 
company wiih the following ships, which were those we fell in with, viz. 

JBellona, 24 guns, i impounders, 76 pound carronadcs, and 423 men. 

X« Vengeance, cSgni^ evpoiinders, and I'^voutu. 

l.a Favorite, 16 guns, impounders, and lao men. 

La Huron, 16 guns, 6. pounders, ^nd 87 men. 

l;a 'i'errailleuse (schooncrj, 14 gUR», 6-pounders, and ^7 men. 




power 
compaai 

theerfuiness they shewed on the occasion, and hope some future day wc shall b)^ 
more fortunate. On the following day we re captured the American siiip.Fef« 
eevenB^ev-oTBakiiaocei with a cargo valued at ^o^cgoL 



Tbe VengcMce it tmo-jem old, uid hat been repeate<flr cKised bf mir (rU 

eea» but from hec, superior uiliog eKaped, nor tbould we nave caugbt her fa«4» 
not carried awar ber jib-boam^^I have the honoor to be, &c. 

FREDERICK WATKINS; 
iioiiiiAiTT orriCBi MAacs 15. 
Cfy •fa LiUir from Admiral Kimgmifl^ Cmmmaitdtr im ChUfrfhb Mmeth** Shift 

• mad Veudt m tbt Coast pf Jrdaad, to £vmm Nepgaa^ £sf, daUdat Cwi^tbt 4tf ' 
kaiaaL 

1 have the pleaiure to infonn their Lordihipc, of the French fUpprfvateer 
Bdlegarde being captured and tent in here bjr his Maje«y*i ship Ph«ri>e. I 
inclote a copy of Captain Barlow*a letter to me on the occasion, and have tfacr 
booonr to be, bir, Jcc. R. KINGS Ml LXn. 

sit, Phmhe^ ai Sea, Fek 27, tSoo. 

' I have to ac^int you, that on the t'tt inttant, his Majesty's ship under my 
commautd captured the French ship priTateer Bellegarde, of 14 guns^ and 114 
nen, belongbg to St. Maloes. She had been oat sixteen da^ and had captnred 
file sMp Chance of London, from Martinico, and the brig Fnends^ol Dartmouth^ 
from St. Michael'sybonnd to Bristol ; the former since rccaptond by his Majesty's 
doop Kangaroo.— >I have the honour to be, &c. R. BARLOW. 

Ctfyrf m Lethrfrmit FUt-Admirai tahaid^e, Cmatamder w ChUf ff hb Majutf^ 
Shifi amd Vtiudi m Ae Ihwrns^ t§ &oam Ntfaam, Ssf. daUdtht i^th imstami. 

ait, 
I desire yon will pleaae to acquaint my I .ords Commissioners of the Admiralty, 
that I this morning received the inclosed letter from Captain Oahray, of hia 
Majesty's sloop Plover, informing me of his having, on the loth instant, captnred 
the French logger privateer Massena, carrying four three-pounders, and 34 men* 
The privateci arrived in the Dovroa this morning. I am. Sir, &c. 

S. JLUTWIDGE, 

tit, FUver, ai 80s, March 10» ttOO, 

T have the pleasure to acquaint yen, that I captured this morning, after a 
^kace of an hour, the French privateer Massena (off Dunkirk), Bemard Avril^ 
Commander, mounting four three-pounders, and 34 men, sailed from Osund 
jestexday. morning, and had liot made any capture. 

I have Uie honour to be. Sir, &c. EDWARD GALWAY. 

AOMltALTT-OrriCK, MAtCB iS. 
MairaS pf a I^OUrfrma Vue-Admnral Sir Tbomai Fastey, Bart. Commaader im Chi^ 
. 9f bis Majatj* Ships and FeueU at FlymmOh^ ta £vau Z/tpeam, £ij> dattd the 
14th bntamt. 

Inclosed is a letter from the Commander of, hit Majesty's sloop SuffisantCi 
Hating hit having captured the French cutter priv^ecr therein mentiooed. 

sit. La Saf»ant€^ai Sea, Mareh 50. 

I beg leave to acquaint yon, diat af^ a chace of three hourt from the Isle of 
Bas, I this day captured the French cutter privateer Josephina, of four guns and 
no men, coinmanded by John Francis Fromcot, two days from Morlaiz, haa 
taken nothing.— I have the honour to be, &c« J. WITTAIAN. 

ADMltALTT-OrriCI, MAtCB SJ. 

Cefm tf a Letter from Vio' Admiral Urd Keith, K. S. C$mmamdef ia Chief ef hit 

• MajeOyi Shifs amd Veuels ia the MeeStereaaeam^ U Mvam Sefeam, £jy. dated 
ai Sea, 12th tek 18O0. 

SIK, 

1 have the honour of inclosing, for the information of th«r Lordships, a to^j 
of a letter which 1 have received from Captain Blackwood, of his Majesty's »hip 
Fcnelope, acquainting me with his having captnred a Spanish sebec. 

1 am, &€. KEITH. 

Mr LOa n, Fendafe, ef Old Malaga, Jen. i5. 

1 have the honour to inform yonr Lordship, tliat I this day captured the 
Carmen, a Soani^h xebec corvette, commanded by Don Estcvanno Joel BarcrllQ, 
niountiog 16 foul^ pounders, and four swivels, and manned with 130 men. Sht 
had been four days out from Malaga, and had not made any captures. 

1 have the honour to be, ^. HJBNllT BLAC&WCOD. 



V •. 



C I" 1 

* 

jgatel Cottrtg j ^artial^ 

rOHTHMOVTB, MARCH t^. 

A COURT MARTIAL waa held on board his Majesty's ship the GlaSator^ 
en Colin M*Cartt, Carpenter of his Majesty's ship Coiic«n£f,for dmnkenness* 

President, Rear-Admxral the Hon. Oioftoi Bi«mlst« 
The charge beiqg fully proT^d, the prisoner was found giuky» ftnd sentenced 
by the Court to be dismissed from his Majesty's service. 

A Court Martial was also held on board the same ship, for the trial of N^- 
Philip Griffin, Lieutenant of his Majesty's slup JUtoluthn, for detaining in 
his hands the sum of ten pounds, the property of Thomas Ds niiam, a seaman 
belonging to thei^«nr bomb vessel, and which he had received from the sai4 
Thomas Denham . The Court were of opinion, that the charge had been proved 
against the said Philip Griffin^ and did adjudge him to be dismissed from 
his Majesty's service. 

jiprii I. A Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship GlaMaior^ 
in tins harbour, for tfte' trial 6f }oa)t VtAttii^, a seaman belonging- to hit 
Itfajest^'s itiip Delfi^ for hsMng, on the morning of the 17th uh. cut down th« 
hammock of Jamks Lton, a private in the thirteenth regiment, in conse({uence 
Bf which th^iatter received a violent contusion in the back ; and* notwithstanding 
everr medi(»I ^sfestante was given, he languishcfd till ttoon, and then died. 

The Court were of opinion, that' it appeared the said John Warner did cut 
dawn iht hammock ip which the said tamjes Lyon lay, in cpnsequence of which 




be ac^uitCc^. 

On th? Same day a Court Martial was also held on board tjie same ship, 
•fdt the trhl of 'IWy. JofliJi f^opcdoo. Boatswain of his Majesty's shi^ i ti'erw ry, 
for absenting himself from, the'ih^' without Teav^. ' The charge being proved, 
he was found guilty, and sentenced by the Court to be dismissed from his situa- 
tion of 3oatswai9 of his Majesty's ship Mercury, and to serve jn such oth^" 
titviation inthelDYavy as the Lords of thq Admiralty should direct. 

-7. A Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship OlaMatort in this 
•harbour, for the trial of John Smith, Cook of his Majesty's ship BrU/iant^ 
ioT ha^ng'bedn gidlty of uttaring seditious expressions in the presence and in the 
eai>in d Mr. Wzl'liam Bold, the Gunner ; and aho on uie said WilIiam 
&0L«, fbrhavilig heard the same without ac^ainting his Officers therewith* 
Pi^esident, Rear-Admiral Sir Richarp BkK'i^tOn, Bart. 

Thie Court being of opinion that Smith was guilty, he was sentenced to be 
dismissed from bis orace of Cook of his Majesty s ship Brilliant, and to be im* 
prisoned in the Marshalsea Prison for the space of twelve calendar months, 
Mr. Bold was acquitted. 

Alter which aether Court Martial waf hcid, by the same Court, for the trial 
of William Howell, Corporal of Marines, of his Majesty's ship JFriitUf for 
having quieted his station at the Dock-Yard on the 9th instant, and having 
taken with hiUL Barnard Ward, a private marine, who had been placed sentinel 
^t the Dock-Gates. Th^ prisoner was found guilty, and sentenced by the Court 
to receive one hundred iasnes on board of, or alon^de, such of his Majesty's 
. riiipa as the. Commander in Cfiief of his Majesty's ships at Spithcad should direift. 

18. A CMTt-AfactiaK of .wbieh Admiral Sir R, Biokikton was Preasdent, 
was Md ^n board dhe GUiSmtom, Ht this hvboHr,on John B«iacow, & mariae 
belongin)^ to his Majesty's sMp *DkAm^ far writing a letter to General Avaa if a, 
' and causing others .to sign it, calcalated to stir vp adisturbanae in theahi|i,« 
The charge beinnroved,he was sentence^^to-receive ewohui^ircd lashes (ron 
•hip to ship, and to be impriioned six months in the Marshalsea. 

VIqI. III. V u 



( 3*» ] 

MONTHLY REGISTER 

OF 



'T'HE Treaty of DefensiTC Alliance between Riuna and Porta^ wat Mrned at 
Petersbnrgh the list September 1799. The two contradin; Fdwera 
mutuallf guarantee each other's postenions : they declare that their iAneA H 
pot to do wrong to any Power, but to eontribnte to their mutual benem and 
lecurity, and to the re-ettabllshment of Peaca in Europe, k is stipulated that 
on the requisition of either of the two Powers attacked in their posaeisinm, 
Ruwia is at first to furnish 6cro infantry ; and that Portugal on the other hand 
is to furnish to Russia a squadron of six ships of war, five firom 64 to 74, and 
• frigate of 31 or 40. The aid may be furnished in money h. the option ol the 
party requiring. The auxiliary squadron of Portugal shall alwars be employed 
eon jointly with the Russian squadron, or with those of their Ally the Kuag oC 
Great Britain. If the aids to be furnished by this Treaty are not saffictent* ths 
contrading parties may agree upon farther aasistaooe. The party Kqjwring 
ahall not make peace or truce with the common enemy without indnding the 
ether. 

Marth a6. His Kfajesty's new seventr-fonr gun ship Courageux was 
bunched at the King's Yard at Deptforn, amidst the acclamations of an 
immense concourse of spe^tors. The launch was a remarkable fine one, and 
attended with no difficulty, or serious disasters. Admiral Lord Hood, I«ady 
Hood, and several other pmonages of distinAion, were present. 

The keel of a new seventy-four, to be called the Fame, la ordered to be imme- 
diately laid upon the slip, from whence the Couragenx wis hunched. 

Fdmidh^ Mmrch 16. Arrived yesterday his Majesty's ship Agamemnon, of 
64 guns, and Clyde frigate, the former having struck on the Penmarks (it is 
aaid, the very same rock the Repulse was lost on) : she was with difficulty kept 
above water, as when she arrived it was above the magasiaes. She fell in with 
the Childers olTthe land, from whom she received some asaiatance, and accom- 
panied her into port* l*hey were constantly pumping the whole of last night, 
assisted by the crews of two sloops of wv lying here, and the Chatham guard- 
ahip, and a part of the soldiers from Pendennis garrison ; notwithstanding Which 
it was found this morning the water had increased three feet ; but we learn, 
that towards the afternoon the leaks had not gained on the men at the pumps ; 
it is therefore hoped they will be able to prevent her from sinking. Also 
arrived the Serpent and Railleur sloops of war, with coasters fiom Ireland 
under their convoy. 

Captain Maitland^ accompanied by Lieutenant Douglas, of Le Tigre man of 
war, comnundcd by Sir Sydney Smith, arrived at the Admiralty, with dispatches 
from the latter Officer, relative to the capture of the important fortress of £1 
Arisch, and the official advices of the capitulation and surrender of the whole 
of the French army of Egypt, amounting to Sooo men, under General Klcbcr, 
to the allied 1 urkish and British forces. 

Advices were at the same time received from Lotd Nelson, announcing the 
capture of the Genereux man of war, of 74 guns, with 1500 men on board, 
commanded by Admiral Peres, together with a fleet of store ships and vic- 
tuallers from 1 onion, destined for the relief of Malta. Admiral Peres is the 
same Officer who fled after the battle of Aboukir. He was killed in the 
csgagement.«^^<v Gasette Letters.) 



IIONTRLT RSeiSTSE of MAVAL ITBlITt* $2$ 

MtOraB tfm LdUffnm tht Cmmhnt0tr pftBe Mmvu ^ Brni, U tht MnmUr •/ 

At Marmtf daiid %^ fenUit^ March l6> 
** Citixen MJoistcTt a frigate or large Snglish corvette, named the Danae, 
mounting %% guns, thirty-two poiindexy, and 150 men, stmdL yesterday without 
firing a gnn, in consequence of an insurreAion, dire^ed by the daring intrepidity 
of five French sailors belonging to a privateer. She was taken possession of by 
the corvette La Colombo. At soon as 1 have learned the particulars, 1 shall 
lose no time in transmitting them to you. 

^ ** P. 8, We have since learned chat the Dana£ entered Brest at the same 
time as a convoy of French vessels from the Channel, under the protedion of 
La Cokmbc.** 

Telegraphic Di^atch/rim Brest^ March %%• 

Ve^rntf C t mrniu u mr efAe Nimy at Brest^ to the Mmhier rf Marhu, 

** The convoy, the arrival lof which I announced to you telegraphically, 
consists of French vessels, laden with provisions and stores for the combined 
He^ts. I immediately sent off for Paris the five Frenchmen who effeded the 
amtaiy on board the Dana):*, and three Englishmen, agreeably to your orders of 
the s<xb Vcntose (March ai).** 

. THE qUEBN CHARLOTTE. 

LUt^Offittr* hstiM hit Majesty's Ship QuaiN Charlotte, o/Leghorn Road^ 

March 17, i8ao. 

Captain Andrew Todd. 
Lieutenant William Bainbridge. 
Lieotenant James Erskine. 
Lieutenant Kolecken (Russian Navy)* 
Captain Joseph Breedon, Marines. 
Mr. Thomas Whiddcn, Master. 
Mr. Thomas Marsh, Pvrser. 
Mr. John Fraser, Surgeon. 
Mr. John Bridgman, Boatswain. 

MASTsa's Matbs. 

Mr. Roger Major, Mr. Griffith Bowen, 

Mr. Hedor Ray, Mr. William Robinson. 

MiDIHIPMBN. 

Mr. J. A. B. Frederick, Mr. Silvrius Moriarti, 

Mr. Norman Macleod, Mr. Thomas Bridgman, son to the 

Mr. James Vane, Boatswain, 

Mr. Francis Leith, Mr. Charles Dickson, son to the 

Mr. John Franklin, Gunner, 

Mr. William Penman, Mr. Edward Brown, 

Mr. John Smithers, Mr. Adam Rutherford, 

Mr. James Erskine Scott^ Mr. Francis Searle, 

Mr. John Campbell, Mr George Searle, 

Mr. Campbell Douglas, Mr. James Somerville. 

Mr. WUliam Bevil1c> Secreury*s Clcfk. 

Mr. Robert Holt, bchoolmastcr. 

Mr. John Roy, Captain's Clerk. 

Suaa£9M*s Matks. 

Mr. Robert Martin, Mr. n Spronle. 

Mr. John Pocock, 

Captain Cochrane has received a fetter firom his nephew, Lord Cochrane, who 
was a Lieutenant on board his Majesty's ship Queen CharloUe. Some tima 
previous to her bkiwing up, he had been appointed to the Speedy brig ; but 
«he not being ready, he was put into the Genercuz, Lord Nelson spriae,to carry 
her into port, so that he ha« escaped. 

Jar particMtars 9fttii shoeKng Smmr^ utfH^ 299. 



SH MONTHLT RBGItTBR 

tt M a itrange cotn^icicii^e of Dbblic misfortunes, tluu tbe Rord Gctrge an4 
Quoen Charlotte, tint rates of nie Britidi Navy, should have been loft ^der 
such circumstances of national calamity, viz. the one foundering with Adttutal 
Kempeofelt at Spithead, and the other beine blown up off the harbour of Leg^ 
horo, when nearly the whole crew of each niip perished. 

Lord Keith's letter to the Ada^iiralty bespeaks the anguish of mind of the 
noble and gallant Admiral for the Ion of the Queen Charlotte, and tbe Kle<^ 
crew of brave seamen (principally Scotch), who were zealously attached to the 
noble Admiral, and so unfortunately perished under his flag. 

The sons t>f many distinguished families are reckoned among the viAimi of 
the explosion of the Queen Charlotte, as, from being the flag-Uiip, parentt are 
anxious to place their sons under che eye of the Admiral There waaon board 
ten Lientenants and twentf-four Midshipmen, beaidet youths to be braoght 
forward : so that, including the Captain, Matter, Surgeoo, Chaphio, Maii% 
&c. there was in all between forty and fifty gentlemen on board. 

The Lords of the Admiralty have given 15O guineas as A reward to the 
humane and intrepid exertions of some fishermen at Winterton, in Hwfiilh^ 
who, at the risque of their lives, saved, upwards of thirty of the cww o€ the 
Mastiff gun- vessel, wrecked near the Cockle Sands last January. 

By letters from Amsterdam we are informed, that in that port they are con- 
struifting a machine which, in -case of necessity, is to be sunk in the entrance of 
the 1 cxel, in order to prevent the entrance of any hostile fleet into the Zui- 
derzee. 1 his machine is so constru^ed, that it can be raised again with fuci- 
licy whenever the danger is {nst. 

Extraa 9fm Letttr frtm BoUny Bay, Stfimkr 49, 1799. 

** We have not, for some little time past, derived much advantage from the 
shoals of fish of all kinds which abound on our coasts. Many of those who wtfe 
employed in the fisheries have abandoned them for a more hicradve pursuit, 
and converted their vessels into privateers to cruise against the Spaniards in Peru. 
The projeft has been wonderfully successful ; for the Spanisn force in that 
quarter is totally inadequate to the proteAion of so extensive a line of navi- 
gation. 

" The mortality on board the Hillsborough tran^HMt, on her voyage firam 
Knglaod, was very great ; no less than ninety-six of the convida having died 
during that period. 

** The Albion store-ship, which lately arrived, made the quickest passage 
ever known from Europe. She performed the voyage in three months and 
eleven days." 

It is a rorious circumstance that herrings, which have for many ages dis- 
»pp<rafed fntm the coasts of Pomerania, have again returned thither. In the 
thirteenth and fourteenth centuries they were to be met with there ezcluttvely ; 
in the fifteenth, they steered to the coasts of Denmark and Sweden, and after- 
wards came to England and Scotland. • 

Naturalists, says a Paris author, have obsenfed, that the sea falls forty four 
iochps in the spate of one hundred years on the coast of Sweden. This would 
prove, accordingly; that Sweden was not in existence two thousand years ago, 
or at least that its mountains were merely islands ; and in this he supports the 
opinion of '1 acitus. ^ weden bears every symptom of a country newly emerged 
from the water — very little vegetation on a rock. 

i\n American -bhip which is arrived at Greenock has brought Ameriean papers 
containinic un account of a well- fought a<ftion between the American frigate 
the Constellation, Commodore Truxton, and a 1-rench fifty«>four gun sliip, on the 
iBt of February, off Guadaloupe. The adion lasted five hours, when the fire of 
the brcnch ship was silenced, and she sheered off. Had not the Constellation's 
main-mast gone over her side, the enemy would, it is ^upposed^ have been cap- 
tured. 



or VATAL JBVBNTI* 3^{ 

' The AudanU^Ctiptaan OnitwiTBi ; P/swr, Captain Oalwat ; and Terriar 
liiredbrig. Lieutenant /Donotah $ being employed to watch the four French 
finga/tes which have been in Dunkirk Baton about two years, obsenred the 
largcit shi]^ come out 4n the ft6th ttlt. . On her toming into the Roads, the 
following is a copy of the letter sent to the French Commodore immediately on 
his anchoring, but with the request in. which be haji not however cp^iplied^ 

^ Hh Majatfi SI99P AtalttnUr^ff J)tmiir^,Marcb %fi^ x%^A> 
** T take the opportunity of a New|>ort fishing-Doat, to send you my coograi- 
tulation^ on your release from inadivity ^ long at Dunkirk, and to welcome 
your egress thence. 

<< The same boat affords me a prosper of communica^g to j^^, that I have 
.the honor to be charged with a kttle squadron (as per margm *) for the purpose 
of watching the motions of yourself and consorts. Your force is- reported to me 
to be forty-ox guns. ' Relying on the acknowledged politeness of your national 
charaAer, I have to hope that (as such a service becomes irksome amid the 
.flhools which sorrCmnd yonT yon will give us the chance of putting an end to it» 
by a meeting when you may feel disposed In this wish I am most cordially 

C* * ed by my associates Captain Oalway and Lieutenant Donovan. On the 
our of a British Officer I promise you, that should success attend you, you 
shall be at full liberty to take off all you shall copquer unmolested, and I expeft 
from the same source an equal liberty, should success attend us. I am sure I 
need not point out that comtfion politeness requires you should give us Jin 
answer, and the same boat can bring it, my word being passed for a u-ee return, 
either lo her, or any other conveyance yon may think proper/ 
<* I have the honour to be, Sir, 

c< Your most obedient very humble servant, 

« A. J. GRIFFITHS. 
" 7« the Commtdtrt twnmuuSni tht Frtmb 



The valuable store-ship ca|>tured lately by Lord Nelson, on her passage to 
Malta, is unfortunatelv lost in Paul*s Bay. Lieutenant Sheant second, of the 
Audacious, having her u charge, Lord Keith has ordered to be tc^ by a Conrt 
Martial. , . • , 

Lord Proby, late Commander of the DanaS frigate, is the sob- of Lord 
CaryBf6rt, an Irish Peer. 

Two thousand one hundred and twenty oak trees lit Dean Forest are about to 
be cot down for the use of the Navy. 



TORBAT, APftiL 14. 

THIS day the Channel fleet, <;onsisting of tbc following sbipa, under the com- 
mand of Sir AUm Gardner t sailed, vx2. 

Ville de Paris, Barfleur, Glory, London, Neptune; St George, Temeraife, 
Windsor Castle, Ajax, Achilles, Cumberland, Canada, Captain, Centaur, 
Defence, Defiance, Elephant, £xccUeni, Hedior, Impetuenx, Marlborough, 
Ramili^s, Resolution, Robust, Russei, Saturn,' Superb, Terrible,' Venerable, 
Warrior, Sheencss, Amelia, Sea Horse, Thames, and Havick. 

And on Friday also sailed, the Inflexible, Stately, Wassenaer, Alkmaar, 
Charon, Expedition* Hebe, Pallas, Romulus, Sensible, Niger, Resource, and 
Vestal^ with troops ; the Commanders of which have sealed orders. 

* Plover, 18 six-pounders and 8 carronades (twelve-pounders}, lai men, 
Captain Edward Gafway. 

Atalante, 14 carronades (twetfty-foor pounders), 'a Jong six-pottndeU| \1M 
men, Captain Anselm John Grlfltths. -^ 

Terrier^ 14 four-poundcrs, 4$ m<;n, Lieutenant R. Donovan* 



3t6 IfOHTHfcY ftBGllTlft 

* ■ m 

PLYMOUTH REPORT, 

raOM MAtCH 1^ TO AFRIL Z%» 

Msreh «4. Wind K. W. Fair. Sailed the Telemadivw cutter and 81/ 
Ini^j^er with a coovoy. ArriYed the Cynthia frigate from a crvite. Hic Albion, 
L^, laden on Government account from London to this port with wheat, waa 
captured the i6th inatant off the Ide ol Wight, by a French privateer of 14 guns* 
snd carried into St. Maloet. Fifteen thousand stand of arms have been relanded 
from the Adventure armed sloop ship, and deposited in the run- wharf : they 
were deitined fbr the Chouant; but on finding they had made peace, neither 
atores, arms, or mone)r, were suffered to be landed on the coast of France. 
SaiiecKhe Chapman, 24 guns, to the eastward. 

25. Wind £. S. E. Fair. Sailed the Eorydice, S4fimt,aBd Lady Chariotte, 
14, on a cruise* Also the Pisgard 48 guns, Cynthia 36, and S« Gull 18 ; 
Brilliant frigate, with the Lisbon fleet for the Downs. Ounc in this morning 
the Danish brig Maria, from Morbus for Corunna, with Unen and paper, 
detained and sent in here by La Suffisante, 16 guns. The large ship the Juliana, 
Hanson, from Mogadore to Altona, with cotton wool, &c vras yesterday sent 
off without breaking bulk, by order of the privy conncil (being snspedted of 
infedion, having a cargo vmilar to those sunk off GraveaendJ. l*he Viper 
entter sailed with her, with positive orders to aee her to her destined port, but 
sot to have any communication with her on her passage. Sailed the Terpn- 
chore, 3a guns, on a cruise. 

s6. Wind £. N. E. Fair. Arrived a cartel from Motlaix. She brought 
•everal passengers; amongst whom were Mr. Milla, Purser; Mr. Hendry, 
Surgeon | and Mr. Giles, Captain's Clerk, of his late Majestv's frigate Dana^r, 
d4 puis. Captain Lord Proby. She was taken by a part ol her crew, assisted 
l^y five French prisoners capttoed the day before, who rote on the Officers, and 
took poMesnon of her about ten P. M. March ijth instant. For pardcnlan, 
tee page 193. 

%y. Wind S. £. Mild Rain. Letters from Falmooth suu the arrival there, 
in a leaky state, of the Agamemnon, 64 guns, having struck on the Peamark 
Rocks the 18th instant, near where the Repulse, 64 guns, waa lost. She was 
cKorted by the Clyde, 44 gnnt, Captain Cunningham. Arrived frtmi a cmise| 
the Amelia, 44 guns, the Honourable Captain Herbert. Put back the Brilliant, 
s8 ffvna, the Honourable Capuin Paget, with the Lisbon convoy. Sailed the 
Diaator troop ship, Captain Hardy, for the Downs. Came in the Lady Neltoo, 
with fruit, captured by a French privateer, and recaptured by the Childen, 
16 guns, Capuin Cravnord. 

a8. Wind E. N. E. Fair. ' Orders came down to Admiral Sir A. Gardner'* 
tquadron, and all other ships, to get ready for sea immediately, to proceed off 
Brest to join Lord Bridport's fleet. 



19. . Wind N. E. Fair. Paacd by to Hm eastward, the Kangaroo, 18 gnns, 
Capuin Brace, with a convoy. Arrived from off Brest, che Pomp^, 84-gvns. 
She left Lord Bridport and the fleet all well Arrived the BeauUeu, 44 gnmi, 
Captain Skynner, from a cruise. Eleven British seamen who were found in 
arms on board L'Heureuz, when captvred by the Phflsbe, 36 guns. Captain 
Barlow, arc now in irons 1 thcv pretend to be Americans. Proyiuons for eight 
thousand seamen are ordered round to Torbay with all possible dispatch. 
Arrived from a cruise, the Naiad, 38 guns. Captain G. Murray. 

30* Wind N E. Cloudy. Arrived La Shabuk French privateer, of 16 gnns 
and lao men, out of Bayonne only four days, prize to the Urania, 44 gtms, 
Capuin Towry. Also from a cruise off the Pcnmarks, the Fowey cuttfr, 
J^ieu tenant Derby, having carried away her bownrit in a gale of wind. 
She left the Triton, 3} guns, Captain Gore, and Joseph cotter, cruising on that 



6f VAVAL ITtNTt. Jtj 

tiadoti. Thtj endetTOored to bum the remains of the Repulse, $4 gvns, Spt 
coald not get near enough, on account of a battery which was brought to bear 
on our thipa, and also a strong lee current, which set in at the rate of ten knots 
an hour. Went into Cawsand Bay, the TerrUtle, 74 guns^ Captain Sothebf . 
and La Loire, 48, Capuin Newman. 

31. Wind S. E. Rain. Last night a heaty firing was heard in the souths 
west ^rter. This morning itnroved to be the Agamemnon, 64 guns, firing 
fiar assistance, at ten o'clock ofT Penlee Point, till she got to her moorings in 
Hamoaze, being so leaky she could scarcely be kept above water. She got up 
about eleven o'dock, and was inwiediately lashed to a sheer hulk. 

JiprU 1. Wind S. E. Fair. Arrived the George cutter, of la four-pounders 
and 45 men. She fell in with, off the Gaskets, on Saturday last, a French 
lagfetf of 18 siX'pounders, and full of men, which she gallantly brought to 
aoEion, and engj^ea with great spirit upwards of an hour, ahhough the mjgger 
attempted to run the George on board, in which she failed. She made offTand 
left the George a mere wreck. The George had two killed and fo«r wounded. 
Sailed for Torbav, La Loire, 48 guns, with stores for the fleet; also to joia > 
Iiord Bridport*s fleet, the St. George 98 guns. Formidable 98, and Bellona 74 1 
and on a cruise, the Beaulieu, 44 guns. 

d« Wind W. $. W. Cloudy. Anriv«d the Htnd reveinie eutter, Lifentenant 
Bray, from a cruise. Sailed for the Downs, with a convoy, the Rauler cutter. 
Arrived the T^ompeuse,. 18 guns^ Capuin Robinson, and Swift cotter, fronvA 



3. Wind 8. W. Rain. Arrived the Nereide, 36 guns Captain Watkia% 
mm a cruise. Letters from Le Tigre, 84 guns, state, that owing to the intre* 
pidity of the marines and seamen, i£e fort 01 £1 Arisch surrendered much sooner 
than it would else, as the Turkish aroiy were totally ignorant of the European, 
method of attacking fortressesy and' had aAualW opened their first parallel^ 
strange as it may appear, out of reach of the fort five gun shots. 

4. Wind S. W. Rain. Sailed with sealed orders, the Cambrian, 44 gaQS» 
the Honourable Captain Legge. Arrived the Richard, from Cork, with pro* 
^sions ; also the voltigeur, 18 euns, Captain Shortland, with seamen from 
Liverpool. Sailed on a cruise off the Ide of Bas, the Spitfire, a4 gun^ Captain 
Seymour. 

5. Wind S. W. Rain Arrived from off the Penmarks, the Suwarrow armed 
ichooner. Lieutenant Nicholson. She chased ^ French privateer, of 16 guns, 
several hours, but lost her in the night. Sailed with dispatches for Lord Brid- 
port^ the Fowey cutter, Lieutenant Derby. Sailed the Cerberus, 3a guns. 
Captain M'Namara, on a cruise. Arrived from a cruise, the PJymoum lugger. 
Swan and Ranger cutters. The former has captured two smugglers with 
tobacco and spirits. 

6. Wind S. E. Rain. Arrived the Minerva American letter of marque, 
of x6 guns and 60 men, taken by the Mars French privateer, of 1 8 guns and 
X20 men, after a smart action. She was retaken the next day by the Fisgard, 
48 guns. Captain T. B. Martin, and sent in here : her car^ is valued at 
sO:),oool. She was bound from London to Boston on consignment. Also 
arrived the above privateer the Mars, taken after a lonf^ cfaace by the Amethyst 
frigate. 

7. Wind S. W. Fair. No arrivals. 

8. Wind S. W. Fair. Passed up for Torbay Lord Bridport's fleet, thirty 
sail of the line, to viAual and refit. Came into Cawsand Baj, the St. George 
98 guns, Bellona 74, and Dragon 74! Sailed with dispatches for the Straits, the 
Chflders, 16 guns, Captain Chiwford. 

9. Wind S. W. Fair. Arrived from TenerifTe, with wine for the fleet, the 
Ensgenzindhell. 

10.' Wind W. Rain. No arrivals. Orders came down for 1400 French 
prisoners to march to Fortmouth and Bristol, part to go by sea, and part tm 
march by land. 



5lft ilOllTHLT ftIOiaT9& 

1 1. Wind S. W. lUin. Arrived from Torb«T« 1a Loire, 48 gvos, C^CaiB 
Newman. She left the fleet all weU Uit slghL 

ia» 'Wind 8. W RaJo, Blows Hard. Arrived from Brett a. cartel, whidi 
man to hare brought orer l^ord Prohy and his Officers ; but as there wete • 
troops embarking on board the men of war, she was boarded bf the guard-boat 
without being pecmitt^dto enter thz harbour of Brest. It wa* uaderdtiNt>d that 
I'Ord i'roby and his Master had recovered of their wounds, and both they and- 
the Officers of the D^naH were treated with ereat politeness and attention* 
I'hree hundred and fifty Frencli prisoners embarkca this morning for Porta* 
mouth. 

13. Wind 5. W. Blows a Oale of Wind. Arrived the Amethyst, 36 gm* 
C^aouin Cooke, and Railleur, i^ guns, Captain Tnrqaand, from a cruise* 
Sailed for Cork, the Galatea, 3 6 euns, Captain G. Byng, and La r ourdelois, 14* 
Captain Manby. On account 01 the gale of wind, all tho men of war in the 
Spund and Cawsand Bay struck yards and topmaiU. 

14. Wind €. W. Hatd Rain, Blows a Gale of Wind. Several guofl of- 
dlstreai were fired from one of the frigates in the Sound fiNxn two till mur this 
mamiog. It appeared that she had drove ; but getting out her best bower 
anchor she brought up in safety. 

' 15. Wiiid N. W. Fair. Arrived the St. Sobatfian, htm Sl Andero to 
Ahona, detauied and sent in hy the Triton and Stag frigates. SaHad for Ports* 
mouth, the Farmidabie oS guns, and for Tprbay the St. Geom ^rS, to tois Ixitd 
firidport's fleet. Sailed on a cruise, the Suffisante, 18 guns, Captain Wbitmaa* 

• 16. Xtind S. W< Blnws Hard. The owners an4 underwriters of 'tfie 
Minerva American >htp, from London to Boston, of 16 guns, with a valuable 
am, taken by the Mars French privateer, of it gunf, alfcer a smart adUon, 
and retaken by the Ftsgard, 48 guns. Captain T. B Martin, have offered one- 
eighth silvage on Sd^oooI. for ihip and cargo, whidb will be accepted* 

17. Wind S. W. Rain. 

z8. Wind S. W. Fair and Mild. Sailed for Torbay, the Caesar, 84 cutt% 
Captain Sir J. Saumarez, Bart and La Loire, 48, Captain Newman, vrith one 
^undLred and fifty French prisoners for Portsmouth* 

19. Wind S. Cloudy. Arrived from a cruise, the Triton, 32 guns. Captain 
Gore. Marched oif for Supltton, four hundred and fifty prisoners of war, 
under a strong escort. Arrived the A. B. C. American from Bourdeauz*. 
She feU in with and was plundered in the Channel by a French privateer of 14 

funs ; in two hours after she was boarded by the Spitfire, 34 guns. Captain 
cymonr, and left her in chace of the privateer, and firing at her, before the 
A. B. C. was out of right. 

10. Wind S. W. Rain, Blovrs Hard. Arrived the Seitfire, 14 nrnt. 
Captain Seymour, with a fine brig privateer her prise, taken sAter a long chace^ 
called L'Heureuse Societc, of 14 guns and 75 men, out four days, and nadno^ 
made any captures. She was taken in sight of the Telegraph, of 18 guaS| 
Lieutenant Corsellls. Sailed for Torbay, the Royal Sovereign, no guns^ 
Admiral Sir A* Gardner, Bart. Captain Bedford ; also the Marlboroughy 74 
guns, and Magnificent, 74, to join the Channel fleet. 

a I. Wind S. W. Rain. Arrived the Caroline of Jersey, vrith brandy and 
wine for Quebec, taken by a French privateer, Le Diable Quatre, of 14 guoa, 
and retaken by the Nymph, 36 guns. Captain Fraxer. 

22. Wind S. W. Fair. Sailed the Santa Margaritta, 36 guns, with one 
hundred and fifty French prisoners. Arrived the Catherine and Anna, from 
Batavia to Hamburgh, with coflee, detained in latitude 30 de|;reies the 10th 
instant, by the Anson, 44 guns, Captain Durham ; at which penod the Ansoa 
and the outward-bound Bast India fl«ct were all well. 



PORTSMOUTH REPORT, 

WtLOU MARCH 24 TO AtKlL a6. 



Mar^ I4. Ainred the Grand Falconer, Lieutenant Chilcote, with dis* 
]^tches from Marceu; Ako the Oic^tor, Roebuck, arid Tnisty, with the 54th 
regiment, from Ireland, which landed at Block-Hense. 

»;. Arrired the firiHiant, Hon. Cipuin Paget, i^Ith a convoy fitboi 
Gibraltar and Lisbon . 

%6, AtriTed the Delft, Captain Red^tll ; Europa, Captain Stevenson ; and 
Brake!, Captain Walker, with the xjth regiment, from Ireland ; Fairf , Captdioi 
Cnny , vnik a coovof from Cnemsey ; Hazard, Captain Bateerficid, with a 
convoy from Ireland, which sailed the dext morning with them for the Downs ; 
Chapman, Captain Kean, with a convoy from Plymouth ; and Sheemess, Cap- 
tain Carden, with a convoy from the Downs ; also the Champion cutter, with 
an Officer from the Chouan army* 

27. Sailed the Concorde, Captain Barton, for Cork, from whence she will 
proceed with a convoy for Newioundland. 

3 1. The Elephant, of 74 guns, Admiral Sir Charles Cotton, went to St. 
Helens, aod sailed to join Uie Channel fleet. 

April I. Arrived the Sophie, Captain Burdett, from a cruise. Sailed the 
Wteior, Captain Tykr, to join the Channel fleet. 

a. Arrived the Bellerophon, of 74 {Huu, Captain Darby, from the Meditei*- 
taneaA. She remained under quarantine three days, when she was cleared, 
Aho the Alcmene, Captain Di^by, from Lisbon* 

3. Arrived thtf Diadem, Captain Sir Thomas Livingstone, in twenty-eight 
hours, from Cork. The Vetius, Captain Graves, and Europa, a Russian ship, 
are come into the harbour to be -refitted. The Mars, of 74 guns, Hon. Admiral 
Berkeley, went down to St, Helens, and will sail from thence immediately the 
wind permits. 

4. Arrived the Duchess of York cutter, Lieutenant Lundy, from a cruise off 
- Havre. She has brou^ an with her the Alexander brig, from Lisbon for 

Altona, laden with fruit. Sec. f^iof into Havre. Sailed the Sensible, Niger, 
Resource, and Sheerness,. with, the first and second battalions of the 5th regi- 
ment 00 bp^d. The Coounaiuiera of the ships have sealed ordeis, which are 
not to be opened until they come to a certain latitude. 

5. Arrived the Rowditffe, Lieutenant Donaoimn, with the Russiau Com- 
inander in Chief^ frwil Guemtey. Sailed the Beaver, Captain Jones, on a 
cruise ; and the Grand Falconer, Lieutenant Chilcott, with dispatches for Cap^ 
tain Price, at Bftoon. Cbptidn Granger, of the Navy, and Lieutenant Tudor 
Tucker, were taken oat of the Regulus, of London, from the Cape of Ooo<f 
Hope, the 10th of March, in iat. 40 M. long. 16 W. by (he Bellerophon. TiM 
Iwmer had ditpatchet from Admfa^l Sir Roger Curtis ; the latter from Sir 
George Ycrong^ Governor of the Cape. He brings dispatches respeding peace 
heing made with die Caffrees. 

7. Arrived his Majesty's ship Juste, of 84 guns, Captain Sir Henr)' Trollope, 
from the Channel fleet, to reflt ; and the Alligator packet, with dispatches from 
the East indies. 

8. The Kamur, of 98 guns. Captain Luke, went down to St. Helens, where 
«he now remains, with the Mars, the Hon* Admiral Berkeley, waiting for a fair 
wind. Sailed the RowcJiffe, Lieutenant Donovan, for Cowes, to uke troopa 
from thence to Guehiaey. 

9. Arrived the Adive, with a large convoy from the Downs ; among which 
were a number of ships bound to the West Indies, Oporto, and the Med^terra« 

, nean. Sailed the Roebuck, Captain Buchanan, with a convoy for the Downs. 

10. Arrived the Renown, of 74 guns, Admiral Sir J. B. Warren, from Lord 
firidport*s fleet. 

11. The HarUam, CapUm Burlton, and Maidstone, Captain Doorlly,.went 
out of the harbour to Spithead. 

oonn. XX 



33^ MONTHLY miOISTftft 

la. ArriTcd the Better, Captain Jooet, from Torbaj ; and Ant, Lie«t«ninl 
Alt, and Advice, Lieutenant Heard, from a croiaei Hti Majestj'a ahips Tniit)^. 
A&d Fatjy came into the harbour to refit. 

14. Arrived the Champion cutter from Marcou. 

15. Thia day Rear-Admiral Sir John Boiiaie Wafren atmck his flag, whe« 
he set off for lA>ndoQ, on leave of abience, until his ihip ia refitted. l*hat ex« 
«cllent Officer is to be employed either on the Lisbon or Mediterranean station; 

16. Sailed the Cynthia, Captain Malbon, on a cruise. His Majesty's ship 
Bellerophon, of 74 guns, Capuin Darby, lately returned from the Mediterra^ 
Dcan, is come into the harbour to be paid oft This ship ivaa p^cularly engaged 
with Lord Nelson at the battle of the Nile. . 

19. Arrived La Loire, of 48 gnns. Captain Ncwmaxiy from a cmiae. The 
Topaxe sailed for the station oflf Havre, to relieve the Castor. 

Aj. Sailed his Majesty's ship Mars, of 74 guns, Hon. Admiral Berkeley, to 
join the Channel Aeei, The Namur, of 90 guns, Captain Luke, came to' 
Spithead from St. Helena, to take on board the baggage, &c. belonging to EarF 
SL Vincent* 

14. Arrived his Majesty's ship Santa Margaritta, Captain Parker ) Incon- 
stant, Capuin Aysoough ; and Magicienne, Captain Ogilby, with a large eon-' 
▼oy from the Downs, among which are the Queen, Upton Caitlc, and Kent^ 
£«t Indiamen, and the Roy 41 Admiral, wit^ ^onvidls for Qotany Bay. 

15. Arrived the Union cutter, Lieutenant Rowed, and the next day sailed 
again on a cruise. 

a6. Arrived the Beaver» Captain Jones, from a cruise ; and the Castor, 
Captain Leveson Gower, from a cruise off Havre de Grace. Sailed his Majesty'a 
ship Severn, Captain 'U'hitby, and Scorpion, Captain linling, with a large 
convojr for the West Indies : the Amazon, Captain Riou is to go with them to 
a certain latitijide. 

]P{omotioQi8 nnH 9ppoiruinent0« 

Afrii 24. THIS day Admiral Earl St. Vincent received his cofnmisnon 
appointing him Commander in Chief of the Channel fleet, in the room of Lord' 
Bridport, who has resigned on account of ill health. Ihe following day his 
Ix>rdship hoisted his flag on board the Namur, for the present ; but the Viile de 
Paris will be his flag ship. 

Admiral Dickson has hoisted his flag on board the Monarch, and is appointed 
to the command of the North Siea fleet, in $he room of Admiral Lord uuncan;' 
who resigns through ill health. 

Vice-Admiral bir William Parker, Bart, has hoisted his flag (white) on board 
the America, of 64 guns. Captain Bingtiam, at Blacksukes, and it af^ointed to' 
succeed the late Admiral Vandeput on the Halifax station. 

Admiral ^ord Kei^ has now the chief commaud in the Mediterranean, and 
&r the present haa his flag flying on board the Audaciousi of 74 guns. 

Orders are sent to the Mediterranean for Commodore 1 roubridge's immediate 
return to England, in consequence of his being appointed Captain of the Channel 
fleet, in the room of Rear-Admiral Pole, ia ho is to command on the New^ 
fbundland station. 

Lord Bridport struck his flag on the a4th, previoui to which he made the 
following promotions :— > 

Captains We^t and Lamiour, Commanders, Post ; Lieutenants Digby an4. 
Carter, of the Royal George, Commanders ; Lieutenant HiUier, of the Eiccl-' 
lent,, also a Commander, and appointed him to thp Niger ; and four Mi^lship-* 
pen, of the Royal George, to be Lieutenants. 

Captain Charles Hubert is appointed to the; Wilhelmina^ of 30 guns, fitting for 
a troopship at Woolwich. 

Captain Difksoo is removed from the comipand of the Lion, of 64 guns, to 
that of the Genereux ; and Lord William Stuart is appointed to succeed him in* 
the Lion. 

Captain Brcnton is promoted to the rank of PostCaptaii), 

Lucius hardyman, hsq. late first JLieutenant of the Sybille, is|nade a Port 
Captain, and commanda La l-ortc. 4 * * 



or vktAt ivsiTts* 33^ 

* B. J. l^tnet, Eiq. Is appointed Captain of the Tigire, under Cotnmodore Sir 
tkjdnef Smith. 

H. Basely, Eiq. Commander of the Harpy, is promoted to the rank of Poa^ 
CapUin. . » . 

Captain Willia|n Bnrchally late of the Hebe troop ship, is appointed to the 
Harpy slqop of war. ' 

Captain Brace of the Kanguroo i% made Post. 

Mr. J. Richards, f^Aitig Purser in the Megsra, is bonfim^ed in the KanguroQ 

sloop of war. * 

' liseutensint P.' C Handiield is appointed Third Lieutenant of the Melampus, 
vice lieutenant C. W. Bllison ;' Lieutenant W. De Busk, from the Golxatfi; 
Second, vice Lieutenant John Price ; and Lieutenant Edward Moore, First, 
vice Lientehant H. Martin, made Master and Commander. ' Mr. Winter mad* 
Purser, vice Mr. Jones, appointed to the £]epluuit ; %ad Messrs. Hannan and 
Sangster; Lieutenants. ' * * ' ^ ' 



»^^m 



Earl SrsNCKU, it ia with pleasure* we are informed, pays the greatest 
attention to the Ma am a Coars. ' His Lordship has allowed two additional 
Field Officers of the Marine Forces to go out on the retirement. In consequence 
of thb laudable arrangement, Lieutenant-Colonel TsoUope', who was the Senior 
Officer in Lord Duncan^s a^on oh the 1 1 th of 0^ber,and Licutemmc-ColoBcl 
Strickland, who commanded, with so much honour to himself andefiedive ser* 
^ce to the cause, eight hundred marines, when the iCing of Naples washappiir 
restored to his diadem and dominions, have retired. • ^ 



MARRIAGES. 

Captain Parkinson, of the Royal Navy, to Miss Clarke, of Uckfield, Sufsex, 
only' daughter of the late Reverend Edward Clarke. ' * 

The 17th of February, at Gibraltar, B. HallowcU, Esq. Captain of his 
Majesty's ship Swlftsure, to Miss Inglefield, daughter Of J. N. Inglefiehl, Esd.* 
Commissioner of his Majesty's Navy at that port. ^ 

* Lately, Lieutenant George Nortoni of the Royal Navy, to Miss E. Jptttchtfi 
of Park Hatch, Surry. - ^ ^ 

OBlTtJARY. 

On the 5th instant, Thomas Butler, Esq. of the Dock- Yard, Portsmouth. 

.Mr. £nice. Boatswain of 'the Arundel, as he was returning from Lis ship to 
the Hospital. 

' At Portsmouth, Mr. Henry Phillips, Carpenter of the Ganges, who acciden- 
tally fell from the ship, and was unfortunsfte)y drowned \ his body was foimj 
the following morning between two ships opposite the Common Hard. An in- 

3uest was held on the body, and the jury returned a verdi& of accidental 
eath. .. . .• f. « 

' The corpse ' of Mr. I>ddy, Surgeon's Mate of the Cormorant, who was 
drowned on Chrikmas £ve, ' at Portsmouth, was found in the harbour on the 
icth iti^ant. An Inquest was hdld on the body, by Stephen Barney, Esq.' 
Coroner' for this Borough, an*d a 9ct4i6t pf accidental death returned. 

' Lately, at Halifax, in America, universaU^r }an^en(ed. Admiral Gso^ojt, 
Vanosput, Esq. ^ommander in Chief on tliat station. This late worthy 
Officer we find serving as a Midshipman on board the Neptune, at the sjdge of 
Quebec, tinxler die late Sir'C. Saunders ; and was appointed a Lieutenant in the 
Navy on the 24th <^ September 1759. After the peace he was sent out to 
Senegal as Commander of a guard-Vessel stationed there; from whence, having 
returned to England, he Was promoted to be a Commander on April .17, 1764 ;. 
as he farther was on the 20th of June, 1765, to the rank of Post Captain, and 
ampointed to the Surprize, of ao guns. How long he remained in this vessel 
does not appear ; but, in 1767, we find him appointed to the Carysfort, of aS 
guns, a new frigate then just launched. He was not long afterwards ordered 
to the Mediterranean, where he continued during the usually allotted period of 
three years,' 

' After his return to England he was anpointed, in 1770, to the Soleb^y, pi 3^ 
gpo^ » (riya^ mpliO^cd^ during tht three entuing years, as » cruisec oa tim . 



332 MONTHLY REGltTBK Of NATAL ET£NTS. 

\ * 

home lUtion. Quitting the ihip jiart mentioBed ia 1 773, h« Wfts in the efisntaf^ 
year appointed to the Asia, of 64 gun«, in which ship he was afterwards ordered 
to North Aneripa. He oontioued there doriiif the c««tomary period of three 
years * ; and the Asia having returned to Europe at the conuoencement of the 
year I777t was ordered iato dock for refitoient and neecMary rqiair. During 
this period, however. Captain Vandeput does not appear to hare <{nitted h» 
command ; but as soon as the ship cam/e out of dock was ordered to the East 
Jadies, whither he preceeded, and continued some years without eacdimteriag 
or meeting with any occurrence worthy our notice. 

He retiniMd to Ehghaid with a fleet of East Iftdili shtpt under hk cottroy at 
the commencement of the jag 17S1 ; and after cotttiaaing for a shoit tiaw 
tnemployed, was, at the beginning of the eofuiag year* sppoiiited to the Adas^ 
^ seeofid rate of 98 gttns, then aewiy lansehed As soon as his ship was fit for 
jei, he was ordered to join the main or Channel fleet, which, in the month of 
Se|itember, proceeded to the relief of Gibraltar. In the skkrwidi which took 
place with the combined fleets of France and Spain on the todk of 0&ober» 
•od at which Captain Vandeput was, of coarse^ present, the Ada* had two men 
kiiied, and three wounded. He qnitted this command imibediately on the 
tetttvn of the fleet into port, and pence foUowing ilmoir instant anno nsly, was 
appointed to the William and Mary yacht. He removed £rom this vessel, at 
Bm commencement of the ensuing sommer, into the Prxncese Aognsla^ a vcssei 
of the same description, aed proceeded not long aftenrafds to the Elhe^ for the 
jnrpese of conveying thither his Royel Highnesa Prince Sdword, £aiirtii eon to 
his present Majesty. 

Captain Vandcpot continued to retain the command last-^mentioned, till he 
i^ras advanced to the rank of a flag Officer, a pibmotion which took place on the 
J St of Febraary, 1793 ; in consequrnce of which he became Rea^Admsral of 
the Blue. Some time after this, he hoi:>ted his flag on board the Saturn^ of 74 
gunik On the 1 2th of A^il 1 794, he was farther advanced to be Rear-Admtral 
of the Red ; as he wa% moreover, on the 4th of July foUovring to be Vice of the 
Blue. In the month of May 1795, he hoisted his flag on board the Japiter, of 
50 gn9% being appointed to command a souadron, or division in the armament, 
which the irruption of the French into Holland, rendered it indispcnsibly nece^ 
sary to keep stationed in the North Sea. On the 1st of June he was advanced 
to be Vice- Admiral of the White ; and heving in the interim removed his flag 
into the Leopard, a ship of the same force with the Jopiter, continued on the 
northern station during the remainder of the year, borne time after this he 
hoisted his flag on board the Resolution, of 74 gunk, and proceeded to Halifax, 
in Nova Scotia, beiM invested with the North American command. In 1799, 
he was advanced to be Admiral of the Blue, and afterwards removed his fl ig to 
the Asia, of 64 guns. Captain R. Murray, and continued on the Halifax station* 
which he filled with diligence, as well as ability, till death struck his flag. 

The late Admiral was a son of Sir George Vandeput, who many years ago 
tras engaged in the meroorahlc contest for the representation of Westminster— a 
contest by which his large fortune was considerably impaired. The Admiral 
was a plain, unafl*eded, manly chara<2er, who was well acquainted with his 
profession, and who also was a judicious critic in the arts. He was a gre^t 
admirer of pictures, and particularly those on nautical subjcds. In private life 
lie Was esteemed for good sense, intelligence, and moral worth. 



* During the time this ship was stationed off New York* it very narrowly eseapedr 
pirough the sagacity of Captain Vandcpot himself, toeing blown mp, in consc^ucoce of an 
insidious, though, it must be owned* veiy ingenious American ccmtrivance. 

A quantity of gunpowder was put on board a small vessel* which is said to )i2\t pur* 
poscly thrown herself in the way of one of the Asia's tenders. In one of the barrels wi» 
-an alarum, or piece of clock- work, which being woundup, previota toitsbeineput into 
the barrel* would go ofiT at a distant period* and by means of a mtalcct*tock seudned to it* 
fotng the gunpowder which surrounded it* wooM, on being taken into the nsaaaaine of the 
Asia* have set fire to the whole store* and thereby blown u|{ the vesseL The whole schcBSte 
was, however, happily frustrated by the prudence of Cutaia Vandeput* and the terrors of 

.one of the American prisoners who was on board, and^in the secret. In 1775 ^ serious 
dispute arose between him and the Mayor of New York, relative to the removal of the* 
cannon from the batteries of the town. It had been preceded by an attempt on the psrtof 

^ th» inhabixants* which produced a*cannonads fom jltt Asia» vti jfMMi a; mt«ra> in< 
(oittc^ucnce of which the Asia had one man killed* 



SIR JOHNBORLASE WARREN BARtjTfl. 



SlOGKAfBICAL MSMOIS Of XSAX-ADMISAL 
SIR JOHN BORLASE WARREN *, BART. K. B: 



His carriage was fall comely and npright« 

His (Countenance demure and temperate ; 

But yttt so Sterne and terrible in sight 

That cliearM his fHendes, and did his foes amtte 8 

He was an elfin borne of tiobie 8tate« 

And mickle wonhip in his native land. Sr i N 9 1 ft* 

''fTTTE have already traced with a considerable accuracy, de- 
rived from no common sources, the lives of some of 
the most renowned of our Naval OfEcers, who have distin- 
guished themselves during the present war. The future his- 
torian will thus possess additional information, beyond the 
official letters of the day ; and will be enabled to enliven his 
page with those discriminating features of charafter, that might 
otherwise have been lost : the performance of this task has 
been attended with much difficulty ; though success has 
crowned our labours, the delicacy of our situation is conti* 
nually present to our thoughts. The subject of the present 
memoir has long been a favourite of the public ; and as no 
circumstantial account f of his professional life has appearedy 
we shall proceed to furnish our readers with a narrative, on 
the corredness of which they may rely. 

Sir John Borlase Warren is descended from an ancient 
family, whose estates were situated in Buckinghamshire, and 
Nottinghamshire. He derives the name of Borlase from 
bis great grandmother, who was the heiress and daughter X of 
Sir John Borlase, Bart, of Bockmore, Bucks — Lieutenant- 
Colonel II of the famous Lord Vere's regiment, that served 

* Rear-Admiral of the Bkie ; Croom of the Bedchamber to hit Royal 
Highoesa the Duke of Clarence ; Member for the Town of Nottlsgham s 
Vice-President of the Society for Naval Architcdure. 

f A short account of Sir J. B. Warren appeared in the European Magazinep 
which, at far as it went, was coired. 

\ Another daughter of this family married Richard GrenTille, Esq. of 
Wooton, in the same county ; grandfather to the present Marquis of Buck- 

tngfaam* 

I His son WIS aC^erwarda Lieutenant-OenerBl of t^ie Ordnance, and Govemor 

of Ireland. 

^. III* V Y 



3)4 BIOGRAPHICAL MfeBlOtR 

in the Palatinate to proteft the Eleftor King of Bohemia j 
afterwards placed under the Prince of Orange in the Low 
Countries, dt]iring the wars in Flanders and Holland* 

The name of Warren is of Norman extradion. Sir John 
is related to the family^ in Cheshire, and is descended from 
the ancient Earls of Warenne, belonging to the Plantagenet 
family. He received his education under the Reverend Mr. 
Prinseps, at Bicester, in Oxfordshire, whence he was removed 
to Winchester* As it was the intention of Sir John's rela- 
tions that he should be sent to one of the Universities, a 
private tutor was afterwards appointed ; but so strong an 
inclination for the Navy pervaded his youthful mind, that 
notwithstanding many urgent persuasions to the contrary^ 
Sir John at length entered on board the Alderney sloop of 
war, then commanded by Capt. James O'Hara ; — stationed at 
Yarmouth, and Shetland, to proted the Fisheries. Our young 
mariner, who had thus displayed such an early inclination 
for a profession he has since so much adorned, continued in 
the Alderney sloop, and the Marlborough to which he was 
afterwards appointed, nearly three or four years ; under the 
immediate patronage of the lamented Lord Howe : and after* 
wards at the request of his friends went to Emanuel College, 
Cambridge. He pursued the academical studies under his tutor 
Dr. Farmer ; and having taken the degree of Master of Arts, 
kft the university on a tour through some of the most inte- 
resting parts of the continent. 

At the commencement of the American war, Sir John 
Borlase Warren, who had previously been elefted a Member 
of Parliament, still glowing with the same zeal for the British 
Navy^ immediately returned to its professional duties ; and, 
during the year I777> embarked in the Venus frigate, com- 
xnanded by Captain Williams •. Thjs Ship being soon 
ordered to join his old patron, Lord Howe, on the American 
station, Sir John was next placed by him in the Apollo 
frigate, under that brave, and excellent Officer Captaia 

• Now Vicc-Admlral. 



or sift JOHN BOJtLASE WAftRBN* BAftT. K« B. 3.3.^ 

Pownall ; and continued with him until the usual period of 
service was complete : being then a]q)ointed Fourth Lieute- 
nant of the Nonsuch, 64 guns, Commodore Walter Griffith •» 
Sir John was present in the fleet when the gallant Lord Howo 
was opposed to the squadron under D'Estaing* 

Upon his return to England, Lieutenant Warren, during 
tlie year (1779,) was appointed first of the Vi£lory, with 
Sir Charles Hardy's flag on board ; who on the resignation 
of Admiral Keppel was made Commander in Chief of the 
Western Squadron : Admiral Kempenfelt served under Sir 
Charles as Captain of the Fleet. On the sixteenth of July 
in the same year, Lieutenant Warren, having been advanced 
to the rank of Commander, was appointed to the Helena 
sloop of war; which bad been taken from the French by tlie 
fleet off Ushant. Sir John received his commission as Post 
Captain, on the twenty- fifth of April, 1781, and was soon 
given the command of the Ariadne, 20 guns ; which conti-^ 
Bued in the Downs, and on the North Sea station. 

The first engagement in which Sir John Borlase Warren 
was presents after attaining his Post rank, was with a French 
frigate, L*Aigle, 44 guns, and 400 men, then fitted out as a 
privateer from Dunkirk. The enemy having borne down» 
an action commenced, which continued for fifty minutes ; 
when L'Aigle, who had lost many of her crew, hauled her 
wind from tlie Ariadne, and by superior sailing reached St* 
Maloes in safety. Captain Warren was afterwards appointed 
to the Winchelsea frigate, 32 guns, attached to the fleet in the 
North Sea under Sir John Lgckart Ros|. The Winchelsea 
being stationed tp watch the Dutch fleet off the Texel, took 
three privateers. 

On the cessation of hostilities by the general peace» which 
was concluded in (1783,) Sir John Warren returned to 
the domestic comfort of his family : having married tht 

* Of an ancient >X^elch family. --Promoted to the rank of Lieutenant, May 7, 

1755 ; advanced to Poit rank on the eleventh of December, 1759. He Wa» 

killed by the lait broadaide* whilst commanding the Conqueror, during a most 

|4l)4S( adipA vitU three Jbrench iihif • in Port Royal Bay, Xkcemb«i| rf, 177a* 



^6 BlOGlAPHICAt HlMOlft 

youngest daughter of General Sir John Clavcring, K. B. and 
Lady Diana *. During the peace, the adive mind of Sir 
John Warren eagerly seized the first opportunity that offered 
to renew the duties of his profession : he was accordingly 
twice at sea; first as a volunteer, with the Honourable 
George Berkeley, June 1787, in a squadron of evolution ; 
consisting of six ships of the line, besides frigates, under Vice- 
Admiral the Honourable Commodore Leveson Gower, who 
had hoisted his broad pendant on board the Edgar, of 74 
guns ; and afterwards in the Valiant, 74 guns, with his 
Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence, having previously 
been appointed, together with Rear-Admirals Christian, 
and Pole, Groom of the Bedchamber to the Duke. 

When the present eventful war commenced, in the 
year (1793), Sir John Warren commissioned the Flora 
frigate, 36 guns, then fitting at Deptford ; and sailed from 
Spithead in company with the Inconstant frigate, 36 guns. 
Captain Montgomery, as convoy to the Lisbon and Oporto 
ships ; accompanied by five sail of the line under Admiral 
Cosby. During the interval of the arrival of the convoy, 
and its departure, the two frigates cruised off the coasts of 
Spain and Portugal. Sir John Warren, in the Flora, having 
chased a frigate into L'Orient, which escaped, captured 
L'Affamee privateer on his return to Lisbon. The Incon- 
stant, he found, had returned home, after taking four or 
five prizes ; three of which being left, accompanied the 
Ships to England. The Flora, in company with the Druid, 
32 guns, Captain J« Ellison, and Fury sloop, 14 guns, Captain 
F. Sotlieron, safely escorted the two convoys consisting of 
ninety-^seven sail ; and arrived with them in the Downi 
during the month of Odober in the same year. 

The Flora, in November, received orders to hoist Rear- 
Admiral M^Bride's flag ; who came round in the Sheerness, 
44 guns, to Spithead.- A squadron of several frigates was 
placed under the Admiral's command ; among whom were 

* Lmdy Diana Wetti nho married Sir John ClaTeriDg, was the daughter o| 
£arl Ddawarr. 



OP Bit JOHN BOHIASB VTA^^tV, BART» K. 8* J)^ 

the Crescent, 36 guns. Sir James Sanmarez ; the MelampuSt 
36 guns, Captain Coffin ; and the Arethusa, 38 guns, Siif 
Edward Pcllew : a body of British troops were embarked, 
consisting of six, or seven thousand men, with some French 
corps, under the command of the Earl of Moira, to be escorted 
to Guernsey and Jersey, in order to assist the Royalist army ; 
which had penetrated to Granville, Arranches, and Dol, 
opposite to the above islands, under the Generals L'Esqure, 
Charette, Talmont, and others. Several Officers of highranki 
both English and French, embarked in the Flora — Earl 
Moira j Generals Crosby, Hunter, and Grant ; Comtes 
D*Hervilly, Conway, and St. Vincent. Four thousand men 
were landed in Guernsey, and continued on the island nearly 
two months : they were afterwards brought over, and dis- 
embarked at Cowes ; and cantoned with several Hessians in 
the Isle of Wight, under the command of Earl Moira. 
Admiral M'Bride's squadron being attached to this expedi- 
tion, continued also there until the arrival of the Cumber- 
land, }4 guns, when the Admiral removed his flag to that 
Ship ; and sent the Flora, Crescent, La Nymphe, Druid, and 
Fury sloop, on a cruise off the coast of France, under the orders 
of Sir John Warren ; who captured La Vipere National 
corvette brig, 18 guns, and no men, oflF Havre de Grace j 
and drove two other cruisers of the enemy into that port. 

The Flora from this time continued for several months 
attached to the squadron under Admiral M'Bride, cruising 
oiF Chcrburgh, Havre de Grace, and St. Maloes ; until they 
at length came into Cawsand Bay. Sir John Warren was 
soon dispatched in the Flora, by the Admiral, on a second 
cruise, as Commodore ; with the Arethusa, Sir E. Pellew, 
Concorde, 36 guns. Sir Richard Strachan, La Nymphe, 
36 guns. Captain George Murray, and the Melampus, 
Captain Thomas Wells, to cruise off Cherburgh, and the 
islands of Guernsey, and Jersey ; as a squadron of French 
frigates from Cancale Bay, had captured many of our mer- 
chantmen in the Channel ; and had engaged^ and nearly 



3$% BIOGRAPHICAL MtMOfK 

cftpTared the Hinde, 28 guns, near Portland, comroanded hy 
Captain P. Durham. This French squadron * was composed 
of the best sailing, and most powerful frigates, in their Navy i 
and had also been manned with the prime of their seamen : 
it in general rendezvoused at Cberburgh, or Cancale> and 
thus greatly annoyed the commerce of Great Britain. One of 
them. La Carmagnole, some weeks previous to the sailing 
of Commodore Warren's squadron, ran asliore during a 
chace, and bilged. — Having steered for the Seven Islands, on 
the coast of Brittany, Sir John, by the twenty -third of April 
(1794), before day-break, discerned the remaining Ships of 
the French squadron standing out from Cancale Bay ti> 
cruise ; in expeftation of intercepting the trade from Cork, 
convoyed by the Aurora, 28 guns, Capt. W. Essington. The 
republican Officers received the most corre£l information of 
the sailing of the above Ship$ from Paris^ which it appears 
was conveyed to France by their various emissaries then 
In London. The engagement lasted nearly three hours ; 
and gloriously terminated in adding to tlie British Navy, La 
Pomone, one of the finest frigates ever built in France, 4^ 
guns, twenty-four pounders, 400 men; L*Engageante, 34 
guns, and four carronades, with 300 men ; and La Babct^ %% 
guns, nine pounders, 200 men : another frigate. La Rcsolue^ 
escaped,by outsailing the Melampus and Nymphe, who chased 
her into Morlalx. The French Cpmmodorei Monsieur Des- 
garceaux, had been an officer in the old marine of his coun-* 
try ; he was killed by the second broadside from the Flora* 
who led, seconded by the Aretbusa, Sir E. Pellew, and waa 
gallantly supported by the other British Shipr^ We subjoii\ 
the official narratives of the above engagement by Sir Joba 
Warren, and Sir Richard Strachan :-— 

* It coDsistcd of Ia Carmagnole, - • • 50 

hz Pomone, - - • 44 

JL'Engafrcajitc, - - - 36 

I. a Rcsolue, - • . *^^ 

l.d Babet, * - • ft) 




^P Bin JORR iftO&LiSS THrAtllLll^i BAlT. it. tk $39 

«iit» Flora^ at Sea$ April i^^ '794* 

la panuance of your orders^ I proceeded with the Ships named la 
Ae margin *, to cruise on the coast of France ; and on the twenty - 
third instant, from variable winds^ being to the westward of Guernsey* 
Kock Dove + bearing E. by S. four or five leagues, the Seven Islands 
S. S. W. four or five leagues, Guernsey N. E. half cast se vendor eight 
leagues ; I discovered, at four in the morning, four sail standing out to 
tea upon the lai^ard tack, the wind S. S. W. ; and, as the raK>rn4ng 
beg^n to break, I saw from their manoeuvres, and firing of guns, they 
were some of the enemy's Ships of war. They soon afterward appeared 
in a line of battle on the larboard tack ; and, as our Ships, from havioj^ 
chased, were not coIle£^ed, I made the signal to form in succession* 
We crossed each other on contrary tacks, and the enemy began an 
a&ion at a considerable distance ; their.sternmost Ship having passed 
over, they again tacked ; but the wind changing two points in our 
favour, I perceived it was impossible to weather them ; and therefore 
made the signal for the Ships to engage as they came up, so as to pre- 
vent the enemy gaining their own shore, and to oblige them to come 
to a close adliou : I am happy to say we succeeded in this obje^ ^ 

The iingagement lasted nearly three hours, when two of the Slupi 
struck. I then made the signal for those who were coming up l& 
pursue and engage the enemy ; as, fronv the situation of this Ship^ 
having led the line into a6Uon, she was incapable of continuing the 
pursuit. 

I am much indebted to Sir Edward Pellew, in the Arethusa, who 
was my second astern, and to the other Officers and Ships under my 
command, who exerted themselves in engaging and pursuing the enemy. 

The French squadron consisted of L'Engageante, 36 guns, eighteea 
pounders, 300 meuf Monsieur Dcsgarceaux, Chef d'Escadre ; La 
Pomone, 44 guns, twenty-four pounders, 400 men ; La Rtsolue, 
36 guns, eighteen pounders, 320 men \ La Babet, 22 guns, nine 
pounders, 200 men : they sailed from Concale Bay the evening before 
we met thenu 

I owe every obligation and acknowledgment to the Officers and 
crew of this Ship, for their zeal and exertions upon this and every 
former occasion in the service of their King and Country ; and trust 
you win recommend them to their Lordships' notice and protedion. 

Enclosed are lists of the killed and wounded, and also of the Ships 
taken from the enemy. I have the honour to remain, &c. 

JOHN BORLAS£ WARRBK^ 

* ArcthfMa, MtUrmpus, Li^Nymphe, Concorde. 

^ Rock Dovk Rocks, a large ledge of rocks laore than a league in length, 
sfiwttt seven l^gues at S. S. W. &om Guernsey* 



J40 BIOOtAVHICAL MIMOIE 

A List o/th XUUdsnd Wotmdtd an hardhU Majesty s Shift Flon oa/ ArcthlUly 

•mth* 334/^ April 1794. 

Fbra^Ont textatn killed, three ditto wounded. 

Antbuu'^^nc Muter't Mate killedy two teamen kiQed c five leamea 
wounded. 

A List 0/ the Killed Mid Wwndeiom hmrdthe C$mvemtt»mal Fri^atet La Pomofie jW 

La Babety m the %$d af April 1794. 



Za iVtMM#— Between %9 and 100 killed and wounded. 
La Ai^— Between 30 and 40 killed and wounded. 
Rear-Jtdnural Macbridcf ^c» 

siK# La Concorde g Plymoutb SounJf April 2 ^tb, ly^^ 

I have the honour to acquaint you of my arrival here with his 
Majesty's Ship under my command, with a French frigate, which we 
took in the afternoon of the' twenty-third instant. The early trans* 
actions of that day have been detailed to you by Sir John Warren ; 
but as the Flora was at too great a distance to observe my proceedings 
in the afternoon^ I beg to relate the particulars of my condudi from 
the time we passed the Pomona after she had surrendered. 

About eleven A. M. we were near enough to receive and return the 
fire of the enemy's two frigates* which were making off. It was my 
intention to endeavour to disable the stemmost, and leave her to the 
Ships of his Majesty which were following us, and push on to attack 
the leading Ship ; but in this I was disappointed, for the leading 
Ship bore down, and closed to support her second ; and laying herself 
across our bows, soon disabled us in our sails and rigging so mucbj 
that we dropped astern. 

We soon got our sails on the Ship again, and I purposed to keep the 
enemy's two Ships in check till ours arrived, as the only means of 
taking them both ; but finding the day far advanced, and little pro- 
bability of our being assisted, as our Ships rather dropped ; and ex- 
pe^ing our maintop-mast, which was shot through, to go every 
minute ; knowing that if our mast went both the Ships must escape ; I 
determined to secure the one I was nearest. She was assisted for 
some time by her second ; but changing sides in the smoke, it pre- 
vented her from annoying us. She was defended with the greatest 
bravery from twelve till a quarter before two P. M. when being 
silenced, and totally unmanageable, they called they had surrendered. 
She proved to be L'Engageante, of 34 guns« and four carronades, with 
300 men. 

The other frigate, La Resolue, after firing a few shot, stood on» 
and our Ship, much cut up in our sails and liggiogy was not in ft 
condition to follow her. 

+ 



OP. SIR JOHN BOftLAll WARRBlTy BART. K, 8* ]4t 

The miut of L^Engageaote, ia die evening, as we attempted to 
tow her, fell ; and expeftiog ours to go a]so» I availed niTself of seeing 
the Nymphe and Mebrapus returning from the chase of the Resolue» 
to make the signs for assistance. The Nymphe joined us at nS^ht, and 
we steered for this port. 

I must request you will please to inform their Lordships, that the 
Eealous, cool, and steady condu6k of the Officers and ship's company 
was highly meritorious in the adion ; and their efforts in refitting the 
Ship, after the fatigue they had experiencedf exceeded any exertion I 
ever saw before. As the First Lieutenant, Charles Apthorp, was 
mostly with me, I had an opportunity of observing the spirit of enter- 
prise which pervaded his conduf^, and I must acknowledge the great 
assistance he was of to me^ from the able manner in which he performed 
the various duties I employed him upon ; and am convinced also of the 
food condttft of Lieutenants Boys and Evans^ who commanded on the 
main deck. 

I have the honour to be, &c* 

R. STRACHAK. 

His Majeaty, soon after this adion> which gave a severe 
blow to the pride and confidence of the eneoay, was pleasod 
to create Sir John Warren one of the Knights of the mili- 
tary order of the Batli *• 

* As nuny of our Naval Officea have received thin honoor, aome tbort account 
of the Order may be acceptable. Edmondaon informs us, that according to 
JViUiam Camdem^ and Jean iu TiUet^ there is reason to suppose it was established 
«moDgthe old Franks, or inhabitants of lower Germany ; with whom the SaacoM 
^ad the sune common descent; and who» on their settlement in England^ 
Introduced the same Order of knighthood. Whenever this honoor was con- 
ferred, many aolenw rites were observed : the Knights previous to their vigils 
katktd^ to mark a pure mind t Irom which praAice they were d<noBiinared 
Xnighu of the Bath. 

George the First, by his letters patent, bearing date at Westminster May the 
eighteenth, In the eleventh year of his reign (1725), created a Military Order 
of knighthood to be, and for ever then aftjer to be called by the pame of Tax 
Ordbr or THB Bath ; to consist, exclusive of the Sovereign, of a Grand 
Master, and thirty-eia CoQEipanions. 

We took an early f^portunity (Vol. I. p. aj.) to mark the glorioaa occasjoa 
which the present war afforded of creating an Order of Naval, as well at 
Military Merit i Xmgkt 1^ tht Stmithr^ Xn^rfikeRtd Grvit, or Xa^fo ^4« 
CMw Jbtfi^i are titka that would carry with them something noore appro- 
^iatt, and niore elevating, than the ancient Orders ; anch an idea onci pre* 
f ^ed ; ye tn« it i^ not entir^y abandoned. |^o|fi XV. in the year f 7i9» 
instituted an Order of Military Merit in France^^the prevailing yb a ra^ ar 9( 
that country being militaiy, Jiiihprcvw eiNio|«,(lhat lb»0l4pi >Wfmi^A 

mou lilt z z 



SM iroOftAPHICAL ■tMort 

* During the continiianoe of the war. Sir John Wanen 
has enjoyed the blessing of being continually employed ; 
and in a manner the best calculated to afford satisfaAion to 
an a£Hve spirit : neither want of health, nor any untoward 
combination of events, has ever operated to retard that 
sealous spirit of enterprise, which in common with the other 
brave, thoagh often unheard of Officen in the profiasion, 
so powerfully aAuates his mind-^ 

As in the hoQow breast of Appenine, 

Beneath the shelter of encirdlng hillsj 

A myrtle rises, far from human eye : 

So merit o/Um Uboau, utueem hy aU ! Thomsov* 

The Flora, soon after the preceding event, with the Ar> 
thusa> Sir £• Pellew, and the Melampus, Captain Sir R. J. 
Scracban, was detached from Admiral M^Bride*s squadron 
on a separate service ; and cruised off the western coasts of 
Brittany, and La Vendee. They at one time were obliged to 
steer through a part of the great convoy bound from Ameridi 
t6 France laden with provisions and corn ; and this at a period 
of the enemy's principal distress : — the three British frigates 
wefc pursued by Le Jean Bart, Le Tigre, and Zele, of 74 
guns, with three French frigates, for several hours ; and 
although Sir John Warren passed within hail» and some of 
the Ships spoke the rear of the enemy's convoy, he escaped 
«t length from a force so superior. The Melampus being 
afterwards ordered on other service ; the Flora and Are* 
thusa, joined by the Gaktei, 32 guns, Captain Keats ; the 
DiamondfjS guns. Sir Sydney Smith ; the Artois *, 38 guns. 
Sir Edmund Nagle ; and the Anson, 44 guns. Captain P« 
Durham \ were ooncinually stationed in the Bay* 

Sb tn«ic of tbote Offcm in his army who were Protettaats : the motto wat 
pRO^iRTirvBBBLLKA; OQ tile TCYcne of thecotign of the Order, wit a 
duplet of laurel. The Militaiy Order of Miair in Hctte CiMel, wai intdtnted 
fonie yean liiicc hy theLaodgra'ves themottoia— ViarirTt bt FioiLiTATt : 
it it worn at the button hole, pendant to a bloe ribband, edged with ulvcr. 
The Order of Merit an Pnuiia wsi inttituted by Frederick, with the motto Po va 
C.B MB»tTB. It it wiofii tonnd the neck, pendant to a black ribbend, edged 

rich silver* 

S AwilsitsatMcMitsf Fraoee, Jaly ji, 179;. 



eV sit JOIflf VORLAIt VARRBHy BART. K. B. J4Jh 

Sir John Warren in the month of June (1795) received' 
Offders to hoist his broad pendant in La Poinone^ 44 gons, 
M Commodore of an expedition that had been planned against; 
the French coast. Fifty sail of transports were attached to 
the squadron *, having on board nearly three thousand emi« 
grant troops, under the command of Comtes De Puysaye^* 
and D'Hervilly. The whole force sailed from Yanmutli' 
Roads, Isle of Wight, and joined the Western SquA]>Roti 
off Usbant, under that gallant veteran Earl Bridport. Hem. 
they continued until they made the Penmarks ; when die fleet 
hauled their wind to the northward) and the Ships under Sir 
John Warren continued steering for the island of Belkaslv 
The ensuing evening the Galatea, Captaun R* G« Keatt^' 
having been sent into Quibcron Bay» was chased by the 
French fleet tknder Admiral Villaret Joyeuse, who aooa. 
afterwards hove in sight. Commodore Warren immediately^ 
threw out the signal for the whole convoy to wear, and tbd 
Concorde to lead them ; and for the line of battle Ships, an4< 
frigates, to form in the rean 

A chasse marie that had accompanied the Gs^tea, having., 
been ordered by Captain Keats to lool^ out for tl^e fle^undec 
Lord Bridport, had been si^ccessfu} iii joii^^g | aod thua! 
communicate^ tl^e ii^portant intelligence to die Commandep 
in Chief : the Thundcre^y and the ExperinKHt Rugger had 
also been detached by Sir Johq Wanen, hit the same pmpo^D^ 
^nd to acquaint the Admind of the situation of the conyoy. 

Early on the fo)l(>wing mqrning, Lord Bpdport, with hi% 

wnal zeal, was discerned under a pre^ of ssuL Sir John 

• 

f The t^oficlfpn conit^ted of the foll^t^iog Skips : 

RobtttC| 74 gYim, (aptam £. TliofDVoroo^ll^ 



Thuodem, 74 i\« per^ic. 

ataadard, 6^ 3* EUison. 

la P(Hncaie, 44 »ir ]ohn t^lufs VarfCtti fa^ 

Aiuon» 44 ?• C Dwhaiiv 

Aftois, 3S Sir £. Nagle. 

Afeth«s3, ^8 M. RobiDMik 

^oncordet 36 A. Hunt. 



f^f BIOOftlPBICAL it«M«& 

Warren detached, according to orders^ the raxtainmg line of 
battle Sbipt from his squadron to join his Lordship : thc^ 
Bowerer could not come up until the Action * off L'Ofient^ 



^ For partSnlirl of thsl brtliknt evtat, vUL Hit. duon. V6L f. pigw sy^ 
1^, a8i«-^o3. Tke foUowing » the ofllcul ktur firam hit Lordib^ whic^ 
Ws Have not before imencd : 

•f B» AyJ Getrge^ «# Am, Jm* %J^^ 1795. 

It i&withfincere latisfadioo I acquaint 700, for the iaformation of the Lorde 
d^ommisaionert of the Admiralty, that hit Maje«ty*t IqiBdron iittier aiy eommaaft' 
gMfeked the cvevy't fleet, couhtiog of twelve Shift of the line, with eleveft 
ltig»tet and lome smaller cmisen, on the twenty-third instant, close in with 
Port L 'Orient. The Ships which struck are the Alexander, Le Formidable, and 
lie Tigre, which Were whh ^dSAcMlty nttined. If the enemy had doc bees fCo^ 
t^Aed, tn4 sheltered by the hnd, I have every reason to believe that a much 
greater nomber, if not all the line of battle Ships, would have been taken or 
destroyed. In detailing the partfculart of thit service, I am to state, that oii tht 
dbwn \Df day en the twenty-secood ioalant, the Nymph and As^rea bcsag the 
look tut frigates ahead, made the signal for the enemy's fleet. 1 toon pcrceiTed 
there was no intention to meet me in battle ; coosequentfy I made the signal for 
four of the best saiKn^ ^h!ps, the Sans FMeU, Oh-ien, Rassel, aad Cdlmixi^ ttd 
t4»a afterwards for the whole feet to chase, which coatinned aU that day, and 
daring the night, with very little wind. 

Early on the morning of the twenty-thhd, the headmoit 8hi^ ilie trre^- 
iiitible, Orion, Qoe^ Cbatlotee, Rniiei, C&hMt, and Sam Poeil, were psitty 
well v^ with the enemy, and a little before vol o'clock the aAion b^gan, and 
continued till nine o'clock. When the Ships struck, the British squadron wat 
near (o tome batteries, and in the iace of a ttrong nawd ^eit ( which wSU 
manifestto the publle the ae el, intrepidity, and skill of the Admiralt, Captains, 
and all oth€r Officers, seamen, and soldiers, employed on this service ; and they 
aire fully entitled to my warmest acknowledgftients. 

^ beg' idip to be allowed to aiaik my appeohhtni, in a parttcnMr aMmser, of 
Captain Domett's eooda^, serving under my ftig, for hit manly spirit, and for 
the assistance 1 received from his adive and attentive mind. 1 feel likewise* 
great satisfadlion in doing justice to the meritorious condudl of die Ofeoert of 
e^rery clisa, as well as to the bravery of the seamen and soldieet ici the Roya4 
George, upon thit and upon former occasiont. 

I judged it necessary, upon the information I had received of the force of the 
enemy, to put the Rohuity Thunderer^ and Standard, into my line of battle ; but 
their distance from my squadron, and under the circumstance of litrle wind, they 
could not join me until after the A^on was over. 

I shall proceed upon my Statio